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Product Documentation: labeling field

Source:Hoischen
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

Labeling field and bill of material


The labeling field is used to draw up text and is arranged in the lower corner of the drawing. After folding the drawing to DIN A4 format it is supposed to be on top and the text has to be readable in correct direction

The bill of material can be either arranged on the assembly drawing or on a separate piece of paper

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

Product Documentation: dimensions

Source:Hoischen
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

Insertion of Dimensions in Drawings (DIN 406)


Part 1: Types Part 2: Rules Part 3: Dimensioning through coordinates Part 4: Dimensioning for machine programming
40

Excess length 1-2mm

Body Edge

T=5 20 60 Dimension number

40

Projection line Dimension line termination


Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

Distance ~ 7mm Distance ~ 10mm

Directions for reading and writing dimensions


30

9 69 0

1 5

45

90 20

34

20

3 0

33

6 109

43

25

20
18

20

30

39

31

50

30

Lngenangaben Length specifications

Winkelangaben Angle specifications

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

90 65

35

90

27
32
11

20 20

90

Insertion of dimensions with regard to reference planes


1 2

50 35 22

10

10

35

15

23

40

20 50

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

30 40

Dimensioning of straight edges


1 1
50

t = 12 40 60
70 50 30 20 5 5,5 3,2

35 10 25

2 2

10

17

3.1 3.1
3,2

3.2 3.2
10

3.3 3.3
17 5

4 4
t=5 35

5 5

t=2 150

t=2 70 150

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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15

(35)

Dimensioning of inclined edges

31

2
30

90 15 t=5 15 50 25

30

48

15

t=5 15 50

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

10

48

dimensioning of inclined edges


3
25 60 20

4
17 40 15 30

5
30
15

60

5x45

5x45 t = 10 30 30

7.1

7.2

20

20

5 30

90 5x45 60

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

10

25

10

20

t=6 25 50 80
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

8 22

0 3

R 10

R 15

10

Dimensioning of diameters
1
50 30 60 70 40 20 10 65 100 35

R5

5x45

10

2
10 20 12,5 25

8 65 40

15

3 30

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

10 20

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Dimensioning of repeated form elements


1 2
(

5 =1

1 5

5x 3
30

3x

50

50

R10

2
5 0

60

40

10

60

t = 12
t = 10

4
4 0

5
10

6
7 25
6x1 0(=60) 10

15

10 12x10(=120) 150

R15 t = 15

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

12

60

0) 15 (=

Dimensioning of:

arc lengths Bogenlnge


48

chord lengths Sehnenlnge


45

angles Gradangabe
60

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Dimensioning of:
squares wrench sizes

balls

threads

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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20 8 8
45

18 M24x1,5

90 16 11 7

10

10 14
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

15

90

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Product Documentation: cross-sections

Source:Hoischen
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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cross section representation


half section

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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F E-F

C-D A-B

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Special sections

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Special sections
layered section Profile section

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Special sections

If more than one component is shown in an intersection, they are graphically presented with different directions of the hatch or with different distances between the hatch lines.

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

21

Product Documentation: surface information

Source:Hoischen
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

22

Datum of surface information in drawings DIN ISO 1302


Ausfhrung Symboles Design ofdes symbols
l h1 = Nennhhe der Schrift h2
60

Eintragung der Angaben am Symbol


b c(f) d

Entry of a datum to a symbol


a2 a1 e

h1

60

h2 = 1,4 h1 bis 3h1

l> = h2

a b c d e f

Ra Rauheitsklasse Ra in in m, m, in in oder or roughness class Fertigungsverfahren Manufacturing method Bezugstrecke Reference length Rillenrichtung Groove direction Machining allowance Bearbeitungszugabe (Rz) (Rz)

Comparison of surface symbols and adaptation:


Average roughness for row Roughness depth Rz for row 3 63,0 16,0 4,0 1,0 4 25,0 10,0 2,5 0,4 machining rough finishing smooth-finishing micro-finishing

1 2 3 4 1 2 25,0 12,5 6,3 3,2 160,0 100,0 6,3 3,2 1,6 0,8 40,0 25,0 1,6 0,8 0,4 0,2 16,0 6,3 0,1 0,1 0,0 1,0
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Symbol

Meaning

Remark

Example
flat

Comment
unmachined surface in unprocessed condition or fettled cutted or non-cutted machined surface with an average roughness of Ra <= 6,3

6,3

basic symbol

symbol without additional declarations not allowed

(R = 16) (R z = 4) oder
z

cutted or non-cutted machined surface with an medium surface roughness of Ra =4 to 16

R 16 Rz 4
z

y z
0,4 0,8

surface symbol that is explained in another location in the drawing, e.g. cutted machined surface with average rougness of Ra=0,4 to 0,8 cutted machined surface with percentage contact area Tmin=40% surface machined by flame cutting, quality I, accuracy level A according to DIN 2310 part 3 semifinished part (e.g. drawn steel) with only one machined surface, all other surfaces remain unmachined non cutted machined surface with medium surface roughness of Ra <=3

or

cutting machining

the surface ha to be machined in a cutting process

t > 40
f

IA DIN 2310

without additional remarks: surface remains unmachined


or

e.g. unfinished casting, semifinshed parts, forged surfaces

(
z

3,2

with additional remarks: surface has to be e.g. by forming, forming has to be done machined with a cutting process without cutting processes

R = 3 m or

R 3
z

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Product Documentation: threads

Source:Hoischen
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Product Documentation: threads


Spiral Path of a point that moves with constant velocity along a straight line g and rotates around an axis m with constant angular velocity. The distance covered in one turn of the spiral corresponds to the pitch P of the thread.

Lead angle

Thread pitch P

Core Diameter Perimeter = d2 Flank angle pitch

Nominal Diameter

(source: www.principia-natura.de)

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Kinds of threads
Description Benennung
Metric ISO-thread Metrisches ISO-Gewinde Regelgewinde (DIN 13 T1) Standard metric thread (DIN 13 T1) Feingewinde (DIN 13 T12) Fine thread (DIN 13 T12)

Profile Shape Profilform

Label Bezeichnung
M M20; M20x1

Application Anwendung
Befestigungsgewinde; Fastening thread;
Very useful for this am purpose because groer Reibung geeignetsten. of high friction

hierfr wegen

G G 1 1/4 Zylindrisches Rohrgewinde Cylindrical pipe thread Rp Rp 1/8

Auengewinde fr Rohre. Male thread for pipes Innengewinde Gewinderohre. Female thread forfr thread pipes

Metrisches ISO-Trapezgewinde Metric ISO-trapezoid thread (DIN 103)


(DIN 103)

Tr Tr 40x7

Bewegungsgewinde Motion thread for spindles etc.


For non-defined force direction

fr Spindeln usw. Fr unbestimmte Kraftrichtung.

Metric ISO-buttress thread Metrisches ISO-Sgengewinde (DIN 513) (DIN 513)

S S 48x8

Motion thread for one-drectional Bewegungsgewinde forces, fr einseitig wirkend Krfte,

z. B. Hubund e.g. for strokeand pressure spindles Druckspindeln von Pressen. of presses

Cylindrical knuckle thread Zylindrisches Rundgewinde (DIN 405, 20400) (DIN 405, 20400)

Rd Rd 40x1/6

Befestigungsgewinde Fastening thread e.g. for vehicle fr z. B. electric Fahrzeugkupplungen, clutches, threads Elektrogewinde.

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Representation of different kinds of threads


Stud bolt srewed in

Threaded bolt screwed in Feedthrough with thread

Threaded blind hole Hidden thread

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Representation of threads

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Screw Connections
Schraubverbindungen

Schraubverbindung mit Sechskantschraube und Innensechskantschraube Screw connection with hexagon head screw and hexagon socket head screw

Schraubverbindung mit Sechskantschraube und Stiftschraube Screw connection with hexagon head screw and stud bolt

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Standard Parts
Standard parts are usually dimensionless in drawings, but they are listed in the bill of material with their exact standard denotation. Standardized products are listed with their denotation, the standard number and the feature block. The feature block can exist of characteristics for shape and type, number, characteristical values (e.g. dimensions), material information and performance information (e.g. surface treatment).

Examples: Hexagon head screws (DIN EN 24014) with thread M8, length L = 50 mm, strength category 8.8, and product category A: Hexagon head screw ISO 4014 M8 x 50 8.8 A Round bar steel according to DIN 1013 with 20 mm made of C35 E: Round DIN 1013 20 C 35 E
(Source: Hoischen, Technisches Zeichnen) Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Bolt head overview and standards


Schraubenbersicht und Norm
Hexagon head screws Sechskantschrauben
DIN EN 24014 DIN EN 24014 DIN EN 28765 DIN EN 28765 DIN EN 24016 DIN EN 24016 metr. Gewinde metr. Thread metr. Feingewinde metr. Fine thread roh raw

Standardized head screws Genormte Kopfschrauben


DIN DIN 261 261 DIN DIN 186 186 DIN DIN 188 188
DIN 316 316 DIN

Hammerschrauben T-head screws mit Vierkant with square neck mit Nase with a nib
wing screw Flgelschraube

DIN EN 24017 Gewinde bis Kopf DIN EN 24017 thread to head DIN EN 28676 ..., metr. Feingewinde DIN EN 28676 metr. Fine thread DIN EN 24018 ..., roh DIN EN 24018 raw
DIN 561 DIN 561 with Zapfen cone mit

DIN 444 444 DIN DIN DIN509 609 fitting screw Passschraube

eye screw Augenschraube

Square head screws Vierkantschrauben


DIN DIN478 478 with mit collar Bund

DIN 464 DIN653 653 DIN

DIN 464

hohe Rndelschraube low form niedrige Form

high knurled screw

DIN580 580 DIN

ring screw Ringschraube

DIN479 479 DIN

mit core Kernansatz with boss mit Bund

DIN480 480 DIN

with and half dog point undcollar Ansatzkuppe DIN 7513 7513 DIN heaxagon head screw 6kt-Gewindeschraube

Cylindrical screws Zylinderschrauben


DIN EN ISO 1207with mit slot Schlitz DIN EN ISO 1207 DIN 6912 ..., ..., Schlsselfhrung DIN 6912 with pilot recess DIN 7984 ..., niedriger Kopf DIN 7984 ..., low head DIN EN ISO 1207with mit slot Schlitz DIN EN ISO 1207

DIN ISO1479 6kt-Blechschraube DIN EN EN ISO hexagon head 1479 sheetmetal screw DIN 571
DIN 571

6kt-Holzschraube screw

hexagon head wood

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Example: Hexagon head screw


The labelling is e.g.: hexagon head screw DIN EN 24014 M8x25-8.8 This means: nominal diameter: d = 8mm
2

Length (without head): l = 25mm strength category: 8.8 (tensile strength Rm = 800 N/mm , yield strength Re = 0.8*Rm)

For screws according to DIN 24017 b = l. For screws with fine threads the standards DIN EN 28676 and DIN EN 28765 exist, as well. The new standards DIN EN... differ to the old standard DIN 931 mainly in the wrench sizes. In the practical experience you will find many screws according to the older standard DIN 931: DIN 931 M10 M12 17 19 DIN EN 24014 16 18
e s1 k1 l b e1

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Example: Hexagon head screw


The labelling is e.g.: hexagon nut DIN EN 24032 M8-8 The standards with numbers 24033 to 36 and 26873 to 74 exist, as well. The old standard DIN 934 differs to the newer standards in the wrench sizes, acccording to the hexagon head screws.

1/5e

s
3/4e 1/2e

e/2 s

e
Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Simplified representation

Chamfer
Dimensions have to be defined by the engineer

Centering
DIN 332

representation

DIN 406

3 0

5 2,5 5,3 60

A
5 8

Detailed representation and dimensioning

3,5 6 0,8

With mit Schutzprotection senkung countersink

8 120 7

ohne Schutzprotection senkung countersink

Without

Missing dimensions according to A with arched contact surface R

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Simplified representation

Chamfer
Dimensions have to be defined by the engineer

Centering
DIN 332

representation

DIN 406

5x45

A 2,5
Detailed representation and dimensioning
With datum line mit Bezugslinie (Fase nicht (Chamfer not displayed) dargestellt)

mit Malinie 0,2x45

With dimension line

A 2,5
darf Mustnicht not beam left on the finished part Fertigteil verbleiben

A 2,5
May am be left on the finished part darf Fertigteil verbleiben

Simplified dimensions are only permitted for chamfers with an 45 angle. Chamfers on threads dont have to be dimensioned in general.

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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Simplified representation

Undercut
Dimension representation

Tap clearence

DIN 509 A A M 5:1


30

DIN 13 DIN 76
5 R1

Detailed representation and dimensioning

A M 2:1

13

R0,8 0,3

Shape A: 30

Form A: 30

Grenf.case: M 16 M16 Dimension

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

37

Simplified representation

Undercut
Dimension representation

Tap clearence

DIN 509
A 2x0,3

DIN 13

13x5

Detailed representation and dimensioning


Vereinfachte Darstellung und Use preferly the simplified representation Bemaung bevorzugt anwenden! and dimensions Gewindeauslauf nur im Display the thread runout only inSonderfall special cases!darstellen!
Use preferly the simplified representation and Bemaung bevorzugt anwenden! dimensions.

Vereinfachte Darstellung und

Universitt Duisburg-Essen Institut fr Produkt Engineering Rechnereinsatz in der Konstruktion Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. P. Khler

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