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1. She has been studying English for two years. It's ...

It's two years since she was studying English. 2. I was reading this book and he called me. When... When he called me, I was reading this book. 3. My date of birth is April 3rd, 1993. I .. I was born on April 3rd, 1993. 4. Dogs frighten me. I ... I'm frightened by dogs. 5. It's a long time since I last visited Tom. For ... For a long time I haven't visited Tom. 6. That letter arrived only a few minutes ago. That letter... That letter has just arrived. 7. I was waiting for the bus and there was an accident. While ... While I was waiting for the bus, there was an accident. 8. The doorbell rang in the middle of her phone conversation. While ... While she was in the middle of her phone conversation, the doorbell rang. 9. While I was having dinner, Jim arrived. Jim... Jim arrived during my dinner. 10. I have had this sweater for fifteen years. It ... It's fifteen years since I had this sweater.

1. "Can you give me a lift?" he asked me. He... He asked me to give him a lift. 2. The teacher insisted on the pupils cleaning up the classroom. The teacher ... The teacher insisted that the pupils clean up the classroom. 3. Tom must pay me the money that she owes me. I... I demand that Tom pay me the money that he owes me. 4. "Stay away!" he warned her. He... He warned that she stay away. 5. "Why don't we admit Tom in the club?" Jim suggested. Jim... Jim suggested that we admit Tom in the club. 6. The boss insisted on Tim not being at the meeting. The boss insisted that Tim not be at the meeting. 7. What about holding a party Bob... Bob suggested that we hold a party. 8. "Does this musician really play jazz?" she asked with surprise. She... She was surprised that this musician play jazz. 9. "Why don't we go on a picnic?" He... He suggested that we go on a picnic. 10. "The land must be sold in five years" he recommended. He... He recommended that the land should be sold in five years.

1. Very few people would use the Internet because its use was restricted to the military. Owing... Owing to the fact that its use was restricted to the military, very few people would use the Internet. 2. The server crashed, so the web site was unavailable. As... As the server crashed, the web site was unavailable. 3. It's very popular because it's very easy to use. Since... Since it's very easy to use, it's very popular. 4. The Internet is actually quite restricted because it is expensive to buy a computer. As... As it is expensive to buy a computer, the Internet is actually quite restricted. 5. A lot of people spend hours each day on the Internet because it is great fun. Owing to ... Owing to the fact that it is great fun, many people spend hours each day on the Internet. 6. Some parents are quite wary of having a computer at home because it can discourage their children from socializing. As... As it can discourage their children from socializing, some parents are quite wary of having a computer at home. 7. There is a lot of misinformation on the Web because there are no restrictions on who can set up a web page. Since... Since there are no restrictions on who can set up a web page, there is a lot of misinformation on the Web. 8. Broadband has many advantages because of its fast download speed. Due to... Due to its fast download speed, Broadband has many advantages.

9. An ex-employee attacked the server because he had been fired for using pirate software. Since... Since he had been fired for using pirate software, an ex-employee attacked the server. 10. The hacker will probably not be arrested because there's a lack of evidence. Owing to... Owing to the fact that there's a lack of evidence, the hacker will probably not be arrested 1. The Beatles sound conventional. But the Rolling Stones don't. The Rolling Stones... The Rolling Stones sound less conventional than the Beatles. 2. It was hard to see the name of the street. There were with no lights. No lights made it... No lights made it harder to see the name of the street. 3. I thought you were a clever boy. You... You aren't as clever boy as I thought. 4. Jumping off a bridge with a rope tied to your ankles is nutty but this is worse. This... This is nuttier than jumping off a bridge with a rope tied to your ankles. 5. Lifetime average is very high. It's third in history. Lifetime... Lifetime average is third highest in history. 6. We are four brothers. Jim is older than all of us. Jim... Jim is our elder brother. 7. I've heard of crazy things but never of one like this. This... This is the craziest thing I've ever heard of.

8. Tom is very innocent. He is like a child. Tom... Tom is as innocent as a child. 9. Building this house was weird. I never did such a thing. Building... Building this house was the weirdest thing I ever did. 10. He was a great left wing quarterback. There was nobody better. He... He was the greatest left wing quarterback. 1. He is working very hard. He has never worked like this. He... He is working harder than he has ever worked. 2. She is very happy now. Yesterday she wasn't so happy. She... She is happier now than yesterday. 3. This sweater is size 32. Haven't you got a size 34? Haven't you got... Haven't you got a sweater larger than this? 4. I'm popular with girls but you are more popular. I'm not... I'm not as popular with girls as you are. 5. I want a box whose length has to be twice this one. I want.. I want a box twice as long as this one. 6. This thing is great. I've never seen anything like it. This... This is the greatest thing I've ever seen. 7. He used to drive very fast but he had an accident and now he drives slowly. Now he... Now he drives more slowly than he used to before the accident.

8. He speaks fluently. Last year he didn't. He... He speaks more fluently than last year. 9. Our team played bad. They never played so badly. Our team... Our team played worse than ever. 10. Simulation exercises are interesting for the teacher, not for the pupils. Simulation exercises... Simulation exercises are more interesting for the teacher than for the pupils. 1. A lot of people prefer a PDA to a desk computer although the screen size is very small. Even though... Even though the screen size is very small, a lot of people prefer a PDA to a desk computer. 2. Bob had a considerable amount of experience but the job went to a junior colleague. Although... Although Bob had a considerable amount of experience, the job went to a junior colleague. 3. He was much criticised but he kept on behaving the way he used to. Despite... Despite being much criticised, he kept on behaving the way he used to. 4. A lot of people do not know how to use the Internet. Nevertheless it is very popular. Even though... Even though it is very popular, a lot of people do not know how to use the Internet. 5. Bob did his best in the final examination although he was suffering from a heavy cold. Despite... Despite suffering from a heavy cold, Bob did his best in the final examination. 6. Studying on the Internet has a lot of advantages but it may not always be as effective as face to face study. In spite...

In spite of its many advantages, studying on the Internet may not always be as effective as face to face study. 7. He made a positive impression during the interview, but he wasn't offered a permanent job. No matter... No matter how positive the impression he made during the interview, he wasn't offered a permanent job. 8. The job market was difficult last summer. Nevertheless Bill got a job soon after graduation. Although... Although the job market was difficult last summer, Bill got a job soon after graduation. 9. She wasn't offered very high wages. Nonetheless she had vey good qualifications. Despite... Despite having very good qualifications, she wasn't offered very high wages. 10. Her writing style is elegant but her power of description is limited. While... Her writing style is elegant while her power of description is limited. 1. Bob studied hard for two semesters. Nevertheless he passed with low marks. Although... Although Bob studied hard for two semesters, he passed with low marks. 2. Tourism provides huge incomes but it can also bring a lot of problems. Though... Though tourism provides huge incomes, it can also bring a lot of problems. 3. Genetically modified food has some benefits but it has many risks. Even though... Even though genetically modified food has some benefits, it has many risks. 4. Broadband has many advantages but it is very expensive. In spite... In spite of the fact that broadband has many advantages, it is very expensive.

5. They were very strict. Nevertheless they allowed their son going to our party. Despite... Despite being very strict they allowed their son going to our party. 6. Bob can tell you the end of the movie but he won't. Although... Although Bob can tell you the end of the movie, he won't. 7. Tourism has negative aspects even though it employs ten percent of the world's population. For all... For all that tourism has negative aspects, it employs ten percent of the world's population. 8. Fast food may raise health problems. Nevertheless, it is highly consumed. Much as... Much as fast food may raise health problems, it is highly consumed. 9. I had practised for hours but my first tennis ball ended up in the net. Even though... Even though I had practised for hours, my first tennis ball ended up in the net. 10. Their product has good quality but it did not sell really well. Despite... Despite its quality their product did not sell really well.

ORACIONES SUBORDINADAS FINALES PARA + SUSTANTIVO O PRONOMBRE: FOR This is for Mary. (Esto es para Mary.) I've bought it for my brother. (Lo he comprado para mi hermano.) PARA + VERBO: FOR + verbo en -ing (finalidad de un objeto). This switch is for starting the engine. (Este botn es para arrancar el motor.) TO / IN ORDER TO / SO AS TO + verbo en infinitivo He came to speak. He came in order to / so as to speak. (l vino para hablar.) Pero ante un infinitivo negativo: SO AS NOT TO / IN ORDER NOT TO He left so as not to / in order not to meet them. (He left not to meet them.) (Se march para no encontrarse con ellos.) PARA + ORACIN: SO THAT / IN ORDER THAT + can / could / will / would He gave me the key so that / in order that I could open the door. (Me dio la llave para que pudiera abrir la puerta.) 1. He needed a rest, so he sat down. He... He sat down to rest. 2. This procedure allows you to write a good essay. This ... This is the procedure for writing a good essay. 3. He got up early. He didn't want to miss his flight. He... He got up early in order not to miss his flight. 4. He raised his voice because he could be heard. He... He raised his voice so that he could be heard.

5. She wanted an ice cream, so she went to the supermarket. She... She went to the supermarket for an ice cream. 6. I bought a new car, consequently I could save petrol. I... I bought a new car so that I could save petrol. 7. I didn't want to answer the question so I didn't put up my hand. I... I didn't put my hand up so as not to answer the question. 8. This bell reminds me about the cake in the oven. This bell... This bell is for reminding me about the cake in the oven. 9. Bill is leaving now. He doesn't like being late. Bill... Bill is leaving now so as not to be late. 10. These actions make you make things right. These ... These are the actions for making things right. 1. You can make 3D drawings with that program. That... That program is for making 3D drawings. 2. He keeps his poems in this locked drawer. Nobody can read them. He... He keeps his poems in this locked drawer so that nobody can read them. 3. I left work early; consequently I could go on a weekend trip. I... I left work early so that I could go on a weekend trip. 4. He's selling his bike because he wants to get a new one. He... He's selling his bike to get a new one.

5. Tom needs relax after work, so he goes jogging. Tom... Tom goes jogging to relax after work. 6. He flew to New York. He had a job interview. He... He flew to New York for a job interview. 7. This switch stops the air conditioning. This... This switch is for stopping the air conditioning. 8. He carries a mobile phone and so, he keeps in touch with his children. He... He carries a mobile phone to keep in touch with his children. 9. Bill eats a big breakfast, so he isn't hungry in the morning. Bill... Bill eats a big breakfast so as not to be hungry in the morning. 10. I don't want to pass my exams with poor marks. I work hard. I... I work hard so as not to pass my exams with poor marks Mostrar preguntas de una en una 1. The house was burnt down. The fire raged strongly. The fire... The fire raged so strongly that the house was burnt down. 2. The building was finished in a year. They built very fast. They... They built so fast that the building was finished in a year. 3. He is a good man. Everybody loves him. He... He is such a good man that everybody loves him. 4. The pipes were frozen. It was very cold. It...

It was so cold that the pipes were frozen. 5. He spoke in a very loud voice. Everybody could hear him. He... He spoke in such a loud voice that everybody could hear him. 6. It is much unexpected. No one could believe it. It... It is so unexpected that no one could believe it. 7. It was a terrible accident. Only few people weren't hurt. It... It was such a terrible accident that only few people weren't hurt. 8. Heavy rain fell. The streets were soon flooded. Such... Such heavy rain fell that the streets were soon flooded. 9. I could not speak. I was vey touched. I... I was so touched that I could not speak. 10. They played very enthusiastically. The other team was beaten. They... They played so enthusiastically that the other team was beaten. 1. Tom was having a lot of problems with his car, so he went to the garage. Tom... Tom was having such a lot of problems with his car that he went to the garage. 2. He is good at mathematics. He always passes his exams with an A. He... He is so good at mathematics that he always passes his exams with an A. 3. The class was boring. Some of the students began to fall asleep. It... It was such a boring class that some of the students began to fall asleep. 4. There were a lot of people. I could not find Bob. There...

There were such a lot of people that I could not find Bob. 5. This is good news. I can't believe it. This... This is such good news that I can't believe it. 6. He usually beats his opponents. He is a good darts player. He... He is such a good darts player that he usually beats his opponents. 7. He wins all his matches. He plays very energetically. He... He plays so energetically that he wins all his matches. 8. He had little homework. He forgot it completely. He... He had such little homework that he forgot it completely. 9. He did great work. He was promoted. He... He did such great work that he was promoted. 10. He plays tennis well. He is competing in the Grand Slam. He... He plays tennis so well that he is competing in the Grand Slam. 1. I normally go out for lunch when I don't have too much work. Whenever... Whenever I don't have too much work, I normally go out for lunch. 2. You can't get your driving license before you are 18. Until... Until you are 18, you can't get your driving license. 3. In two months' time I'll be on holiday, then I'll feel more relaxed. When... When I am on holiday in two months' time, I'll feel more relaxed. 4. Before you start talking, please listen to me. After...

After you listen to me, start talking. 5. When I improve my speaking, I'll go to England. As soon as... As soon as I improve my speaking, I'll go to England. 6. He wants to find a job and then rent a small flat. Before... Before renting a small flat, he wants to find a job. 7. I won't go to Italy if I don't pass all my exams. Until... Until I pass all my exams, I won't go to Italy. 8. I won't stop searching until I find that book. After... After I find that book, I'll stop searching. 9. I'll tell Tom immediately if I see him. As soon as... As soon as I see Tom, I'll tell him. 10. As soon as I finish reading this report, I'll go to bed. Before.... Before I go to bed, I'll finish reading this report. Mostrar preguntas de una en una 1. They were having dinner. At that moment their friends showed up. While... While they were having dinner, their friends showed up. 2. He said hello to everyone. After, they said hello to him. Before... Before everyone said hello to him, he said hello to them. 3. They went to the dining-room and then they had breakfast. After... After they went to the dining-room, they had breakfast.

4. She was taking a shower. At that moment, the door bell rang. While... While she was taking a shower, the door bell rang. 5. They rented a car and then they drove to the beach. After... After they rented a car, they drove to the beach. 6. Jim closed the door. Then he locked it. After... After Jim closed the door, he locked it. 7. There were bargains at Hardy's so she bought a nice dress. When... When there were bargains at Hardy's, she bought a nice dress. 8. They arrived. Immediately the fireworks show started. As soon as... As soon as they arrived, the fireworks show started. 9. It got late. So, they went to bed. When... When it got late, they went to bed. 10. When the movie ends, we'll go home. As soon as... As soon as the movie ends, we'll go home. 1. I went to the library because I needed to borrow some books. If... If I hadn't needed to borrow some books, I wouldn't have gone to the library. 2. If you don't hurry you won't be able to catch the bus. Unless... Unless you hurried, you couldn't catch the bus. 3. I will call you if the flight is delayed. Unless... Unless the flight was delayed, I wouldn't phone you.

4. Tom must practise more to be a really good guitarist. Providing... Providing Tom practises more, he will be a really good guitarist. 5. Bob was worried because he had lost his watch. If... If he hadn't lost his watch, Bob wouldn't have been worried. 6. Jim didn't have a driving licence, so he couldn't buy a car. As long as... As long as he had had a driving licence, he could have bought a car. 7. You'd better to get a sweater. It might get cold. In case... In case it might get cold, you'd better get a sweater. 8. You should ask Tom for help. If I... If I were you, I'd ask Tom for help. 9. We don't have any class this afternoon. We are going to the gym. If... If we had any class this afternoon, we wouldn't go to the gym. 10. You came to school late. You were told off. If... If you hadn't come to school late, you wouldn't have been told off. Mostrar preguntas de una en una 1. We might go to Italy next year. We intend... We intend to go to Italy next year. 2. When you come to the crossroads, stop there. Remember... Remember to stop at the crossroads. 3. Yesterday she learnt the first pages of her exam. She began...

She began to learn her exam yesterday. 4. She was reading a text, then she was interrupted and then she continued with the text. She went... She went on reading. 5. I was talking to Tom. But when Jim came in, I could not talk to Tom anymore. I stopped ... I stopped talking to Tom. 6. I wanted to write an email, but I didn't know what to write. I tried... I tried to write an email. 7. The joke was so funny, that he bursted out in laughter. He started... He started to laugh. 8. You think your computer does not work, but you just haven't switched on the monitor yet. Try... Try switching on the monitor. 9. I am sorry now for something I told you. I regret... I regret telling you that. 10. Yesterday I remembered that last weekend my dog dirtied your carpet. I remembered... I remembered my dog dirtying your carpet. 1. I just wanted to help. I just tried... I just tried to help. 2. I start on Monday. I'm worried. Im worried... Im worried about starting on Monday.

3. I wish I would meet her some day. I hope... I hope to meet her some day. 4. Cooking is okay. I like it. I... I like cooking. 5. I'll pick you up at school, I promise. I... I promise to pick you up at school. 6. I can ski now. I learned it. I... I learned to ski. 7. She loves walks in the country. She loves... She loves walking in the country. 8. It was difficult but I got the tickets. I... I managed to get the tickets. 9. I wish I worked closer to home. I'd like... I'd like to work closer to home. 10. Speaking in public frightens me. I'm ... I'm frightened of speaking in public. 1. They ought to look for their money here. They... They'd better look for their money here. 2. I would prefer to go to school by bus. I... I'd rather go to school by bus.

3. They would prefer you to come in the afternoon. They... They'd rather you came in the afternoon. 4. Jim should go to the dentist immediately. Jim... Jim had better go to the dentist immediately. 5. We would prefer to eat in a restaurant rather than at home. We... We'd rather eat in a restaurant than at home. 6. She would prefer you to study in the morning rather than in the evening. She... She'd rather you studied in the morning than in the evening. 7. You should put the milk in the fridge. You... You'd better put the milk in the fridge. 8. Bob shouldn't talk like that. Bob... Bob had better not talk like that. 9. He should rest a while. He... He'd better rest a while. 10. Susan would prefer us not to meet in the cafeteria. Susan... Susan would rather we didn't meet in the cafeteria. 1. Your hair wants cutting. You must... You must have your hair cut. 2. Someone ought to translate it into Spanish for them. They... They ought to have it translated it into Spanish.

3. Someone doesn't bring them for us every day. We... We don't have them brought everyday. 4. Somebody will have to do it for you. You... You will have to have it done. 5. She asked Bill to paint the living room last week. She... She had the living room painted by Bill last week. 6. Will anyone tune her guitar for Ann? Will Ann have her guitar tuned? 7. No one can renew her season tickets. She... She can't have her season tickets renewed. 8. Somebody sends Tom his cigars from Havana. Tom... Tom has his cigars sent from Havana. 9. Should he have asked anyone to make the report? Should he have had the report made? 10. My little brother washed my car for me yesterday. I... I had my car washed by my little brother yesterday. 1. I'll ask someone to make a new one. I... I'll have a new one made. 2. We must find somebody to install the new aerial. We... We must have the new aerial installed. 3. Nobody took any photograph for them. They...

They didn't have any photograph taken. 4. Does anyone deliver your shopping? Do you have your shopping delivered? 5. Someone should bring it to you in a box. You... You should have it brought in a box. 6. Was he used to asking anyone to clean his room? Was he used to having his room cleaned? 7. Your car used to be checked there. You... You used to have your car checked there. 8. Someone should sharpen your knives. You... You should have your knives sharpened. 9. We ordered somebody to repair the ceiling. We... We had the ceiling repaired. 10. I'm going to tell someone to add an extra room. I... I'm going to have an extra room added. 1. Tom only understood the meaning of the text when he first read it. Only when... he first read it did Tom understand the meaning of the text. 2. I had hardly begun to speak when he left the room. Hardly ... had I begun to speak when he left the room. 3. People had no sooner arrived than the ceremony started. No sooner... had people arrived than the ceremony started.

4. If Jim had known that she liked it, he would have bought her that book. Had... Jim known that she liked it, he would have bought her that book. 5. He rarely paid any attention to people's advice. Rarely... did he pay attention to people's advice. 6. She never at any time said that she didnt like dogs. Never at any time... did she say that she didnt like dogs. 7. The shop can in no way be held responsible for customers' lost property. In no way... can the shop be held responsible for customers' lost property. 8. He had never felt so bored. Never ... had he felt so bored. 9. She at no time said she was interested in it. At no time ... did she say she was interested in it. 10. I have seldom heard such a nonsense. Seldom ... have I heard such a nonsense. 1. The shop cannot accept animals under any circumstances. Under ... no circumstances can the shop accept animals. 2. He rarely helped anyone. Rarely ... did he help anyone. 3. I only realized the importance of the subject after the lecture. Only ... after the lecture did I realize the importance of the subject.

4. I had no sooner arrived than they all started to play. No sooner... had I arrived than they all started to play. 5. She at no time said she would come. At no time... did she say she would come. 6. He can in no way be held responsible. In no way... can he be held responsible. 7. We cant accept cheques under no circumstances. Under ... no circumstances can we accept cheques. 8. I had hardly begun to watch the film when the light went off. Hardly ... had I begun to watch the film when the light went off. 9. We had scarcely started our meeting when the phone rang. Scarcely... had we started our meeting when the phone rang. 10. I have seldom seen such a beautiful picture. Seldom ... have I seen such a beautiful picture. 1. We had no sooner started lunch than the door bell rang. No sooner ... had we started lunch than the door bell rang. 2. I at no time said I would accept your deal. At no time ... did I say I would accept your deal. 3. I didnt know that it was a fancy dress party. Little ... did I know that it was a fancy dress party.

4. She had never experienced this marvellous feeling in her life. Never ... in her life had she experienced this marvellous feeling. 5. I wont have a holiday until October. Not ... until October will I have a holiday. 6. She doesnt know when we are leaving. Little ... does she know when we are leaving. 7. They didnt say a single word. Not ... a single word did they say. 8. I had no sooner answered the question than I realised I was wrong. No sooner ... had I answered the question than I realised I was wrong. 9. I had hardly got into bed, when the telephone rang. Hardly ... had I got into bed, when telephone rang. 10. I have never felt so happy in my life. Never ... in my life have I felt so happy. 1. She had very little experience. Nevertheless, she got the job. (Although...) Although she had very little experience, she got the job. 2. The boat was unable to leave, There was a storm. (Due...) Due to a storm, the boat was unable to leave. 3. I won't lend you my car if you don't promise to drive carefully. (Unless...) Unless you promise to drive carefully, I won't lend you my car .

4. I reminded him six times, nevertheless he still forgot. (Although...) Although I reminded him six times, he still forgot. 5. Bring a map so that we don't get lost. (In case...) In case we get lost, bring a map. 6. Our flight was delayed because there was a strike by air traffic controllers. (Due...) Due to the fact that there was a strike by air traffic controllers, our flight was delayed. 7. If you pay the rent, you can stay here. (As long as...) As long as you pay the rent, you can stay here. 8. If you pay him well, he'll do a good job. (Provided...) Provided you pay him well, he'll do a good job. 9. If you take your time, you won't find it difficult. (As long as...) A long as you take your time, you won't find it difficult. 10. I couldn't eat although I was very hungry. (Despite...) Despite being very hungry, I couldn't eat. 1. She enjoys classical music and rock. She also likes jazz. (As well as...) As well as jazz, she enjoys classical music and rock. 2. We managed to sell the car although it was very old. (Despite...) Despite the fact that the car was very old, we managed to sell it. 3. I'm determined to visit you. I don't mind how much it costs. (No matter...) No matter how much it costs, I'm determined to visit you.

4. They talked very quietly. They don't want to wake the baby. (In order...) In order not to wake the baby, they talked very quietly. 5. Although the tickets were expensive we went to the concert. (Despite...) Despite the price of the tickets, we went to the concert. 6. Nobody wants to play with him because he gets a very bad temper. (Owing...) Owing to his very bad temper nobody wants to play with him. 7. Even though the doctor advised him not to play football, he played last week. (In spite...) In spite of the fact that the doctor advised him not to play football, he played last week. 8. In contrast to his sister, Bob is a poor tennis player. (Whereas...) Whereas Bob is a poor tennis player, his sister isn't. 9. We've all worked very hard so we'll finish the project early. (As...) As we've all worked very hard, we'll finish the project early. 10. They had a great time together, although they couldn't understand each other. (Even though...) Even though they couldn't understand each other, they had a great time together. 1. I'm sure that he is exhausted after such a long flight. He... He must be exhausted after such a long flight. 2. It's not essential to be rich to be a success. You... You don't have to be rich to be a success. 3. The PC isn't working. I think it has been damaged during the move. It...

It must have been damaged during the move. 4. I think you worry too much. You... You shouldn't worry so much. 5. It was impossible to do the job if you didn't speak German fluently. You... You couldn't do the job if you didn't speak German fluently. 6. I think the answer in the book is wrong. The answer... The answer in the book must be wrong. 7. Jim didn't hear the speaker. The crowd was shouting so loudly. Jim... Jim couldn't hear the speaker. 8. The book is optional. We can read it if we want to. We... We don't have to read the book if we don't want to. 9. I'm sure it isn't true. It... It can't be true. 10. To hold my breath for more than a minute is impossible for me. I... I can't hold my breath for more than a minute. 1. I think taking along some cash would be a good idea. You... You had better take along some cash. 2. It's very unlikely that he should have gone white water rafting. He... He might have gone white water rafting. 3. I can't stand all this. I 'm going to get out of here. I...

I have got to get out of here. 4. I let you leave the table once you have finished your meal. You... You may leave the table once you have finished your meal. 5. I'm sure it has cost a fortune. It... It must have cost a fortune. 6. Don't forget to bring your essay tomorrow. The professor is very strict about homework on time. You... You mustn't forget to bring your essay tomorrow. 7. Bob, why don't we move into the living room? Bob, ... Bob, shall we move into the living room? 8. I advised my boss to take Sam for the post. I told my boss that ... I told my boss that he ought to take Sam for the post. 9. Why do you always say the first thing that pops into your head? Do you... Do you always have to say the first thing that pops into your head? 10. To turn on the machine, press this switch. The machine... The machine can be turned on by pressing this switch. 1. It seems that I've spoilt the whole thing. I... I seemed to have spoilt the whole thing. 2. They expect students were doing well. Students... Students are expected to have been doing well. 3. It is assumed that he was rich. He...

He is assumed to have been rich. 4. We understand that she was fired. She... She is understood to have been fired. 5. It appears that they're living in London. They... They appear to be living in London. 6. It has been declared that these fungi are inedible. These fungi... These fungi have been declared inedible. 7. It was presumed that they'd been taken abroad. They... They were presumed to have been taken abroad. 8. It was shown that he'd been cheating. He... He was shown to have been cheating. 9. People consider English is very difficult. English... English is considered very difficult. 10. It is said that he arrived later. He... He is thought to have arrived later. 1. You should inform the boss immediately. The boss... The boss should be informed immediately. 2. People will always think hes a good actor. He... He will be always thought to be a good actor. 3. They will pick up Bob at his office. Bob...

Bob will be picked up at his office. 4. You must sterilise a babys bottle to kill germs. A baby's bottle... A baby's bottle must be sterilised to kill germs. 5. A friendly taxi driver gave me a free ride to town. I... I was given a free ride to town by a friendly taxi driver. 6. HP has sold computers all over the world. Computers... Computers have been sold all over the world by HP. 7. The UN has been sending food to the refugees. Food... Food has been being sent to the refugees by the UN. 8. Oxford University will offer him a scholarship. He... He will be offered a scholarship by Oxford University. 9. They must have been selling tickets for the concert all day. Tickets... Tickets for the concert must have been being sold all day. 10. They develop the video in the early 80s. The video The video was developed in the early 80s. 1. A carnivore is an animal. It feeds upon meat. A carnivore... A carnivore is an animal which feeds upon meat. 2. The World Wide Web has become an essential part of our lives. It was invented by Tim Berners-Lee. Tim Berners-Lee... Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web, which has become an essential part of our lives.

3. I have one black cat. His name is Blacky. I... I have one black cat, whose name is Blacky. 4. Susan plays the piano brilliantly. She is only 8 years old. Susan... Susan, who is only 8 years old, plays the piano brilliantly. 5. My village seems to be abandoned. It is usually crowded with people. My village... My village, which is usually crowded with people, seems to be abandoned. 6. A midwife is a woman. She assists other women in childbirth. A woman... A woman who assists other women in childbirth is a midwife. 7. Three men were arrested by the police. They had robbed a shop. The police... The police arrested three men who had robbed a shop. 8. You made an offer. We cannot accept it. We... We cannot accept the offer (which) you made. 9. London is the largest British city. It is the capital of the United Kingdom. London... London, which is the capital of the United Kingdom, is the largest British city. 10. A monk is a man. He devotes his life to God. A monk... A monk is a man who devotes his life to God. 1. Mr Tass was a rich businessman. His daughter was very beautiful. Mr Tass... Mr Tass, whose daughter was very beautiful, was a rich businessman. 2. Tom couldn't wait for the weekend. He was setting off for San Francisco then. Tom... Tom couldn't wait for the weekend when he was setting off for San Francisco.

3. Bob loved Karen. He was a practical joker. Bob... Bob, who was a practical joker, loved Karen. 4. Mrs Deed was especially kind to the students. Their homework was tidy. Mrs Deed... Mrs Deed was especially kind to the students whose homework was tidy. 5. The boy was carrying a ball. He threw it at Tom. The boy... The boy threw the ball (which) he was carrying at Tom. 6. Bill is very hard working. Mr Brown wants to engage him. Bill... Bill, who Mr Brown wants to engage, is really hard working. 7. Finally he came to the bridge. The truck couldn't go past it. Finally he... Finally he came to the bridge past which the truck couldn't go. 8. She borrowed the car from a colleague. She worked with him. She... She borrowed the car from a colleague (who) she worked with. 9. He drove a Bentley to the party. He rented it. He... He rented a Bentley (which) he drove to the party. 10. The mysterious man was never seen again. That made Mrs Brown very happy. The mysterious man... The mysterious man was never seen again, which made Mrs Brown very happy 1. Bob usually read in bed when he was single. Bob would read in bed when he was single. 2. Tom hated coffee when he was little, now he loves it. Tom used to hate coffee when he was little. 3. Did they usually study French in the afternoon?

Would they study French in the afternoon? 4. This painting was usually in the living room. This painting used to be in the living room. 5. I usually exercised every day. I used to exercise every day. 6. Did Ann usually take the bus to work every day? Would Ann take the bus to work every day? 7. My son didn't like vegetables. My son didn't use to like vegetables. 8. That teacher did not usually give detentions for nothing. That teacher would not give detentions for nothing. 9. Did Jim usually live in an apartment? Did Jim use to live in an apartment? 10. We usually went camping every summer. We would go camping every summer. Mostrar preguntas de una en una / Show one by one 1. I usually went out for a walk in the evening. I would go out for a walk in the evening. 2. That's where the playground was. That's where the playground used to be. 3. Did she usually have dinner very early? Would she have dinner very early? 4. You didn't look foolish with that hat. You wouldn't look foolish with that hat. 5. Did the children usually watch cartoons on TV every afternoon?

Would the children watch cartoons on TV every afternoon? 6. She usually took off her shoes as soon as she got home. She would take off her shoes as soon as she got home. 7. His shouts usually embarrassed everybody. His shouts would embarrass everybody. 8. My sister always had chocolate ice creams. My sister would always have chocolate ice creams. 9. We didn't usually chat a lot on the phone. We wouldn't chat a lot on the phone. 10. I was very thin when I was young. I used to be very thin when I was young. 1. My parents were astonished by such a luxury, but they felt comfortable very soon. My parrents... My parents got used to such a luxury very soon. 2. They didn't usually have holidays in their youth. They... They didn't use to have holidays in their youth. 3. You will find difficult to drive this car at first, but it's very easy. You... You will get used to driving this car. 4. She wasn't in the habit of walking to work. She... She didn't use to walk to work. 5. At first we found it surprising, but now we love this mild weather. We... We have got used to this mild weather.

6. Jim found it strange to drive on the right, but now he doesn't pay attention to it. Jim... Jim got used to driving on the right, and now he doesn't pay attention to it. 7. The children were accustomed to watching TV after dinner. The children... The children were used to watching TV after dinner. 8. My father usually took us to the circus when one came to town. My father... My father used to take us to the circus when one came to town. 9. Bob doesn't feel comfortable when we go camping. Bob... Bob is not used to going camping. 10. Bill lived in Australia when he was a child. Bill... Bill used to live in Australia when he was a child. 1. Bill didn't like that music, but he was familiar with hearing it. Bill... Bill didn't like that music, but he was used to hearing it. 2. So much travelling was something new for Tom, but he doesn't mind now. Tom... Tom got used to travelling so much, and he doesn't mind now. 3. Ann was very shy when she was a child, but now she is much more selfconfident. Ann... Ann used to be shy when she was a child, but now she is much more selfconfident. 4. Bob had never lived in a cold country before, so he felt a bit uncomfortable at first. Bob... Bob was not used to living in a cold country, so he felt a bit uncomfortable at first.

5. When she was a child she didnt like vegetables, but now she does. When... When she was a child she didn't use to like vegetables, but now she does. 6. It was difficult at first, but eventually I got accustomed to using that new program. It... It was difficult at first, but eventually I got used to using that new program. 7. This shop sold marvellous ice creams for a time, but it didn't anymore. This shop... This shop used to sell marvellous ice creams, but it didn't anymore. 8. My friend always found difficult to speak in English, but now he speaks fluently. My friend... My friend got used to speaking in English, and now he speaks fluently. 9. I had never thrown a party before. I... I was not used to throwing parties. 10. I normally have lunch late, so I dont find it annoying. I... I am used to having lunch late, so I dont find it annoying. 1. I really want you to stop going out so often. I wish... I wish you wouldn't go out so often. 2. She regrets not having taken this subject. She wishes... She wishes she had taken this subject. 3. Bill expects that it will sunny at the weekend. Bill wishes... Bill wishes it would be sunny at the weekend. 4. I hope that the boss will not cancel the meeting. I wish...

I wish the boss would not cancel the meeting. 5. Bob should do more exercise; he is putting on weight. I wish... I wish Bob would do more exercise; he is putting on weight. 6. What a shame that you didn't find your invitation. I wish... I wish you had found your invitation. 7. What a pity that Tom missed your lecture. If only... If only Tom hadn't missed your lecture. 8. It's a shame that he didn't talk at the meeting. If only... If only he had talked at the meeting. 9. I've got to go to the dentist now, but I don't want. If only If only I hadn't to go to the dentist. 10. It's a pity we don't have a holiday now. If only... If only we had a holiday now. 1. I regret inviting them. If only... If only I had not invited them. 2. I hope I will not have to stay in hospital too long. I wish... I wish I wouldn't have to stay in hospital too long. 3. Tom really wants you not to tease him. Tom wishes Tom wishes you wouldn't tease him. 4. I didn't take extra classes and now I have some difficulties with my course. If only...

If only I had taken extra classes. 5. I can't solve these problems. I wish... I wish I could solve these problems. 6. I hope Tom is bringing some coffee. I wish I wish Tom were bringing some coffee. 7. My garden is small. I didn't have enough room for everybody. If only... If only my garden weren't small. 8. It isn't recess time yet. I wish... I wish it were already recess time. 9. She regretted forgetting the appointment. She wished... She wished she hadn't forgotten the appointment. 10. Probably, we won't be allowed into the club. I wish I wish we would be allowed into the club. 1. I regret inviting them. If only... If only I had not invited them. 2. I hope I will not have to stay in hospital too long. I wish... I wish I wouldn't have to stay in hospital too long. 3. Tom really wants you not to tease him. Tom wishes Tom wishes you wouldn't tease him. 4. I didn't take extra classes and now I have some difficulties with my course. If only...

If only I had taken extra classes. 5. I can't solve these problems. I wish... I wish I could solve these problems. 6. I hope Tom is bringing some coffee. I wish I wish Tom were bringing some coffee. 7. My garden is small. I didn't have enough room for everybody. If only... If only my garden weren't small. 8. It isn't recess time yet. I wish... I wish it were already recess time. 9. She regretted forgetting the appointment. She wished... She wished she hadn't forgotten the appointment. 10. Probably, we won't be allowed into the club. I wish I wish we would be allowed into the club. 1. Jim said: "I will be happy if I can be of any help." Jim... said that he would be happy if he could be of any help. 2. I'm not happy with the idea of Charles going abroad for holidays. I... would rather Charles didn't go abroad for holidays. 3. They never taught John to dance. Linda... was never taught to dance. 4. The policeman managed to rescue the child from the tree. The policeman...

was able to rescue the child from the tree. 5. I haven't seen a play by Shakespeare for more than three years. It... is three years since I saw a play by Shakespeare. 6. Although Albert was over seventy, he continued to run three miles every day. Despite... the fact that Albert was over seventy, he continued to run three miles every day. 7. People can sometimes grow accustomed to loneliness. People... can sometimes get used to feeling lonely. 8. You are not obliged to answer to those questions. You... do not have to answer to those questions. 9. "Perhaps it would be better to leave them alone," said Tom. Tom... suggested leaving them alone. 10. It would be a good idea to buy a dictionary if you want to learn a foreign language. You... 'd better buy a dictionary if you want to learn a foreign language. 1. If you do the shopping, I'll cook lunch. You ... do the shopping and I'll cook lunch. 2. I regret eating so much last night. If ... only I hadn't eaten so much last night. 3. What would you do if you found a buried treasure? If ... you were to find a buried treasure, what would you do?

4. What would you do if there was a tidal wave? Supposing... there was a tidal wave, what would you do? 5. I might be late. If so, start without me. If ... I'm late, start without me. 6. If Tom hadn't been interested, the project would have been abandoned. But for ... Tom's interest, the project would have been abandoned. 7. Jim is sad because his girl-friend left him. If ... his girl-friend hadn't left him, Jim wouldn't be sad. 8. The fire was put out thanks to the firemen. If ... it hadn't been for the firemen, the fire wouldn't have been put out. 9. If by any chance you find my wallet, could you let me know? If ... you happen to find my wallet, could you let me know? 10. Working so much will make you tired. If ... you work so much, you'll get tired. Mostrar preguntas de una en una 1. At the end of my speech, I thanked the organisers. I ... ended my speech by thanking the organisers. 2. Who was the previous owner of the car? Who ... did the car belong to before? 3. "Why don't you buy one?" said Tom. Tom ...

suggested buying one. 4. Claire isn't rich enough to buy an apartment, otherwise she would do that. If ... Claire were rich enough, she would buy an apartment. 5. "We really must go with you," they said. They insisted ... on going with me. 6. "You should have lessons," she said. She ... advised me having lessons. 7. There are no tickets left for tonight's show. All the tickets... for tonight's show are booked. 8. It would be better if it stopped raining. If only ... it stopped raining. 9. After the meeting, all the leaders refused to comment. None ... of the leaders commented after the meeting. 10. I don't speak Chinese and I regret that. I wish... I spoke Chinese. 1. I was impressed by his fast talking. His... His fast talking impressed me. 2. The lack of attention may cause many accidents. Many accidents... Many accidents may be caused by the lack of attention. 3. Bob had made someone repair his old PC. Bob...

Bob had had his old PC repaired. 4. I didn't feel well yesterday. I slept too much. If... If I hadn't slept too much, I would have felt well yesterday. 5. Although he made an effort to be patient, he finally got angry with the boy. In spite... In spite of his effort to be patient, he finally got angry with the boy. 6. It's a shame you aren't with us. I wish... I wish you were with us. 7. Some of the sun energy is absorbed by and heats earth. Earth... Earth absorbs and is heated by some of the sun energy. 8. "I run about three miles every morning," he said to his friend. He ... He told his friend he ran three miles every morning. 9. He said: "She usually sleeps seven hours a day." He said... He said that she usually sleeps seven hours a day. 10. The girl let out a loud cry. She wanted to attract her friends' attention. The girl... The girl who wanted to attract her friends' attention let out a loud cry. 1. He said to them, "Will you obey such a stupid order?" He... He asked them if they would obey such a stupid order. 2. I advise her to take up the job. It's... It's my advice that she take up the job. 3. Without your support, I won't be able to succeed. Unless...

Unless you support me, I won't be able to succeed. 4. As he is honest, his new partner trusts him. As a result... As a result of his honesty, his new partner trusts him. 5. They have never before fired anyone. Never... Never before have they fired anyone. 6. Jim was grounded. He broke a window pane. Jim... Jim, who broke a window pane, was grounded. 7. Your examination results are satisfactory to your parents. Your parents ... Your parents are satisfied with your examination results. 8. We are pouring about 5,000 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. About... About 5,000 million tons of carbon dioxide are being poured into the atmosphere. 9. Because of his laziness, his boss fired him. Due... Due to his laziness, his boss fired him. 10. Some people say coffee is bad for your health. Coffee... Coffee is said to be bad for your health. 1. The real question is whether human activities are amplifying the greenhouse effect. Whether... Whether human activities are amplifying the greenhouse effect or not is the real question. 2. Although the dolphin lives in the sea, it is not a fish, it's a mammal. Even though... Even though the dolphin lives in the sea, it is not a fish, it's a mammal.

3. It's likely that he get sick if he drinks this water. He... He may get sick if he drinks this water. 4. Because the porter saw Jill, he is sure she came early. Jill... Jill must have come early, because the porter saw her. 5. The effects of the hurricane have been very devastating. Almost the whole area is destroyed. The effects... The effects of the hurricane have been so devastating that almost the whole area is destroyed. 6. He gave up smoking in 2005. Since... Since 2005, he hasn't smoked. 7. He said to me, "Where do you think you are you going?" He... He asked me where I thought I was going. 8. During a fire, a lot of people are wounded. When... When there is a fire, a lot of people are wounded. 9. I'll go to the party tomorrow if I don't have to work late. Unless... Unless I have to work late, I'll go to the party tomorrow. 10. The alarm went off in the middle of her conversation. While... While she was talking, the alarm went off. 1. "Did the man attempt to steal your cell phone?" the policeman said to me. The policeman... The policeman asked me if the man had attempted to steal my cell phone. 2. She wasn't so young so she wasn't able to dance all night long. If...

If she had been younger, she would have been able to dance all night long. 3. Tom started coming here three years ago and he still does. For ... For three years, Tom has been coming here. 4. He will ask someone to bake some cakes for the party. He.. He will have some cakes baked for the party. 5. Jim has spent all his money. He can't come to the cinema. Jim.. Jim, who has spent all his money, can't come to the cinema. 6. It was cold but we went for a walk. In spite ... In spite of the cold, we went for a walk. 7. They left because they felt tired. Unless ... Unless they had felt tired, they wouldn't have left. 8. Tim rented a flat for several years and then he bought his own place. After... After renting a flat for several years, Tim bought his own place. 9. Let's go to that old restaurant tonight. She... She suggested going to that old restaurant that night. 10. In my opinion you should train harder. If I ... If I were you, I'd train harder. 1. Tom will give the answers to the exercise. The answers... The answers to the exercise will be given by Tom. 2. This is Bob. They are paying him a lot of money for his advice. This ...

This is Bob who is being paid a lot of money for his advice. 3. Tom said to Jane: "I didn't find your earring." Tom... Tom told Jane that he hadn't found her earring. 4. We think that you will probably see her next Sunday at the party. You... You may see her next Sunday at the party. 5. I didn't learn English at school so I can't enjoy Shakespeare in English. If only... If only I had learnt English at school, I would be able to enjoy Shakespeare in English. 6. What is the price of this perfume? How much... How much does this perfume cost? 7. I'm sorry I've lost it, he said. He... He apologised for having lost it. 8. He was on a diet but he didn't lose much weight. Despite... Despite being on a diet, he didn't lose much weight. 9. I didn't notice he was paying attention. I wish... I wish I had noticed he was paying attention. 10. She has been studying German for three years. It... It is three years since she studied German. 1. I like having coffee with friends a lot, but I don't have much time. Although... Although I like having coffee with friends a lot, I don't have much time. 2. They gave me a laptop for my birthday. I...

I was given a laptop for my birthday. 3. I'm sure he's tired of living in that city. He... He must be tired of living in that city. 4. I'm sure I told you the time of her arrival. I remember... I remember telling you the time of her arrival. 5. Tom would like to travel to Stockholm next summer. He is learning Swedish. Tom... Tom, who is learning Swedish, would like to travel to Stockholm next summer. 6. Are you interested in computer art? Does... Does computer art interest you? 7. "Where did you study for your engineering degree? she said to Ann. She ... She asked Ann where she had studied for her engineering degree. 8. What he says is true, but it sounds strange. In spite ... In spite of the fact that what he says is true, it sounds strange. 9. I really want you to stop goofing around. I wish... I wish you would stop goofing around. 10. Are you feeling tired lately? The doctor said to Jim. The doctor... The doctor asked Jim if he was feeling tired lately. 1. They sold tickets for the concert all the week. Tickets... Tickets for the concert had been sold all the week. 2. I couldn't finish the Sudoku puzzle because it was too difficult. If...

If the Sudoku puzzle had been easier, I could have finished it. 3. It was a pity we couldn't talk to him at the meeting. If only... If only we could have talked to him at the meeting. 4. Bill should stop being so childish. Bill... Bill had better stop being so childish. 5. People believed his book was very interesting. His book... His book was believed to be very interesting. 6. The pop star didn't appear. He was voiceless. The pop star... The pop star, who was voiceless, didn't appear. 7. Someone used to bring breakfast to his room. He... He used to have breakfast brought to his room. 8. Jim and I are going to a new club. We have never played there. Jim ... Jim and I are going to a new club where we have never played. 9. It's expected that the government will explain the situation. The government... The government is expected to explain the situation. 10. Jill told me all about their journey. She was here a moment ago. Jill... Jill, who was here a moment ago, told me all about their journey. 1. Jim is going to tell someone to finish this report by Thursday. Jim... Jim is going to have this report finished by Thursday. 2. They were very expensive books. We couldn't buy them all. They...

They were such expensive books that we couldn't buy them all. 3. "My advice is that you shouldn't dress too casually" she said to him. She ... She advised him not to dress too casually. 4. Many people expect that the Cabinet solve economic problems. The Cabinet... The Cabinet is expected to solve economic problems. 5. That is the field. The teams played there. That... That is the field where the teams played. 6. Some people buy expensive houses because they want to show off. As... As they want to show off, some people buy expensive houses. 7. The government might put prices down if the European Community reaches an agreement. Providing ... Providing that the European Community reaches an agreement, the government might put prices down. 8. The children are worried. They need to know what they should do. The children... The children who need to know what they should do are worried. 9. If his broker can't sell all his bonds, he will lose a lot of money. Unless... Unless his broker can sell all his bonds, he will lose a lot of money. 10. When he found out that his car had been stolen, he called the police. No sooner... No sooner did he find out that his car had been stolen, he called the police. 1. I went home because I didn't want to spare more time uselessly. In order... In order not to spare more time uselessly, I went home.

2. Bob usually walks to work. He doesn't like driving in the city. Bob... Bob, who doesn't like driving in the city, usually walks to work. 3. You won't ask anyone to carry it out for you. You... You won't have it carried out. 4. I won't go to the cinema tomorrow if I can't find a babby-sitter. Unless... Unless I can find a baby-sitter, I won't go to the cinema tomorrow. 5. Bill should ask whether the ceremony is for all the personnel or only for heads. Bill... Bill had better ask whether the ceremony is for all the personnel or only for heads. 6. She lost her train because she had been caught in a traffic jam. Due ... Due to a traffic jam, she lost her train. 7. He will go to the meeting although he has just come back from Italy. Despite ... Despite having just come back from Italy, he will go to the meeting. 8. I enjoyed the reading, even though I didn't understand everything. Although... Although I didn't understand everything, I enjoyed the reading. 9. She spoke in a very low voice. Nobody could hear what she said. She... She spoke in such a low voice that nobody could hear what she said. 10. He's the man. I lost his umbrella. He... He's the man whose umbrella I lost. 1. I'm sure that they tried to get into the house. They...

They must have tried to get into the house. 2. We left the party. It was very noisy. It ... I was so noisy that we left the party. 3. Bob thought that I was lying. He never believes anything. Bob... Bob, who never believes anything, thought that I was lying. 4. I'll have to send her an e-mail. She's never in when I phone. As... As she's never in when I phone, I'll have to send her an e-mail. 5. She asked a detective to follow her associate. She... She had her associate followed by a detective. 6. The children couldn't fall asleep unless their parents kissed them good night. If... If their parents didn't kiss them good night, the children couldn't fall asleep. 7. I went back home early, so my parents didn't get worried. I ... I went back home early so that my parents wouldn't get worried. 8. "Please, give me the key." she said to Tom. She ... She asked Tom for the key. 9. He went to Paris. He could improve his French. He... He went to Paris so that he could improve his French. 10. It was raining but we kept on playing our match. Despite... Despite the rain, we kept on playing our match. 1. I want to play in their team. I wish...

I wish I played in their team. 2. The porter often saw people leaving the building late at night. The porter was used... The porter was used to seeing people leaving the building late at night. 3. He said: Let's go to my club. He... He suggested going to his club. 4. It was unusual for anyone to call him so early. He... He wasn't used to being called so early. 5. She regrets not meeting him earlier. If only... If only she had met him earlier. 6. I can't believe that he told her the truth. He... He can't have told her the truth. 7. It was a horrible sight! He had never seen that. It... It was the worst sight he had ever seen. 8. She's likely to have gone out with her friends. She ... She may have gone out with her friends. 9. It's his first trip to London. It's the ... It's the first time he has been to London. 10. He entered the place. They immediately stared at him. No sooner... No sooner did he enter the place than they immediately stared at him. 1. "You should tell the truth," he said to us. He...

He advised us to tell the truth. 2. You shouldn't leave them alone. If I... If I were you, I wouldn't leave them alone. 3. "Why don't we go to a concert tonight?" he said. He... He suggested going to a concert. 4. I had to go to school although I had some temperature. Despite... Despite some temperature, I had to go to school. 5. "What time does the movie start? said Ann. Ann... Ann asked what time the movie started. 6. They've studied in this school for 15 years. It's... It's 15 years since they started to study in this school. 7. Scorpions are not as dangerous as other animals. Other... Other animals are more dangerous than scorpions. 8. "Why don't you take the bus", Tom said to Bill. Tom... Tom suggested that Bill should take the bus. 9. "We're meeting John next weekend," she said to me. She... She told me that they were meeting John the following weekend. 10. Japan is smaller than Russia. Russia... Russia is bigger than Japan. 1. They started to live in New York two years ago. They...

They have been living in New York for two years. 2. "Why don't you help me do the washing up?" his mother said to Tom. His mother... His mother suggested that Tom should help her do the washing up. 3. "Where did the party take place?" He wanted to know... He wanted to know where the party had taken place. 4. Mary is very fit. She goes swimming twice a week. Mary... Mary, who goes swimming twice a week, is very fit. 5. She doesn't remember if she wrote the e-mail. She... She forgot having written the e-mail. 6. Bob will explain Jim how to get there. Jim... Jim will be explained how to get there by Bob. 7. Glasgow is bigger than Bristol. Bristol... Bristol is smaller than Glasgow. 8. They think that Sam arrived in Paris on Monday. Sam... Sam is thought to have arrived in Paris on Monday. 9. I've never seen such a beautiful landscape. It's... It's the most beautiful landscape that I have ever seen. 10. Its ages since I last visited Brighton. I... I haven't visited Brighton for ages. 1. "Where did he keep the refills?" I wonder...

I wonder where he kept the refills. 2. Tom could not study for the exam. He had lost his notes. Tom... Tom, who had lost his notes, could not study for the exam. 3. I'm sorry I didn't see last James Bond film. I wish... I wish I had seen last James Bond film. 4. He won't get a treat if he doesn't pass his exams. Unless... Unless he passes his exams, he won't get a treat. 5. "When is the school trip?" I wondered... I wondered when the school trip was. 6. "Please, don't laugh at me", he said to me. He... He begged me not to laugh at him. 7. In my opinion, you should replace this tap. If I... If I were you, I would replace this tap. 8. They are going to install a new heater in our kitchen. We... We are going to have a new heater installed in our kitchen. 9. You did not supply the form so you did not get the information. If... If you had supplied the form, you would have got the information. 10. In spite of training hard, Bill has never won a race. Although... Although Bill trains hard, he has never won a race. 1. Bill is putting on weight. He doesn't like doing sports. Bill...

Bill, who doesn't like doing sports, is putting on weight. 2. El Prado Museum is visited by thousands of tourists every year. Thousands of tourists... Thousands of tourists visit El Prado Museum every year. 3. People think Spanish is very difficult. Spanish... Spanish is thought to be very difficult. 4. "Please wait for me here, Ann", Mary said. Mary... Mary asked Ann to wait for her there. 5. Ann won the bet. Nevertheless, she didn't feel happy. Despite... Despite having won the bet, Ann didn't feel happy. 6. He has been playing for three hours now. He... He started playing three hours ago. 7. This is the first time Tom has paid attention to a lecture. Tom... Tom has never paid attention to a lecture before. 8. During the interview, they asked her to talk about her experience. While... While she was doing the interview, she was asked to talk about her experience. 9. "Let's call him now", she said. She... She suggested calling him then. 10. You don't earn much, so you can't go out as often as you'd like. If... If you earned more, you could go out as often as you'd like. 1. "Why don't you reserve a table for tomorrow night?" she said to him. She suggested...

She suggested that he should reserve a table for the following night. 2. Bob had never worked with such a fast program before. That was... That was the fastest program that Bob had ever worked with. 3. A cleaner does the housework twice a week. I... I have the housework done twice a week by a cleaner. 4. We'll have dinner in the garden if it doesn't rain. Unless... Unless it rains, we'll have dinner in the garden. 5. A very good technician repaired his fridge last month. He... He had his fridge repaired by a very good technician. 6. Millions of people will watch the Olympic Games next summer. The Olympic Games... The Olympic Games will be watched by millions of people next summer. 7. He started to practise violin at the age of five. He... He has been practising violin since he was five. 8. People say that he was very strong. He ... He is said to have been very strong. 9. "Don't be late this evening", my mother said to me. My mother... My mother told me not to be late that evening. 10. You played very well, so you beat him. You... You played so well that you beat him. 1. She had never met such a funny man. He...

He is the funniest man she had ever met. 2. During a party, some kids don't behave properly. When... When there is a party, some kids don't behave properly. 3. Although they were very busy, they helped us with the report. In spite of In spite of being very busy, they helped us with the report. 4. He usually booked a table at their favourite restaurant every weekend. He ... He used to book a table at their favourite restaurant every weekend. 5. As he gets older, he becomes wiser. The... The older he gets, the wiser he becomes. 6. You must take care of your brother because you are older than him. Since... Since you are older than your brother, you must take care of him. 7. He said to Tom, "Where are you going?" He... He asked Tom where he was going. 8. She looked at the man. He was standing at the bus stop. She... She looked at the man who was standing at the bus stop. 9. He didn't play because he was too tired. He... He was too tired to play. 10. We are looking at a painting. It is a watercolour. The painting... The painting which we are looking at is a watercolour.