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# DISEO DE ZAPATA

Datos
Columna
Carga muerta
Carga viva
n=
f'c=
fy=

200.00
100.00
0.02
210
4200

25

Tn
Tn
Tn/cm2
210000 tn/cm
4200000 tn/cm

kg/cm
kg/cm

## a) Calculo de los lados de la zapata ( L1 y L2)

P<n
CM+CV/L*L < n
300.00
LxL

<

15000

<

0.02

L*L

L1 = Az^.5 + ( t - b )/2
L2 = Az^.5 - ( t - b )/2

L1=
L2=

115 cm
130 cm

usar
usar

120
130

cm
cm

...Verificacin de area
15000

Area a usar
15600

Cumple

40

cm

1.7

PU=

100.00

1.4

200.00

450.00 Tn

L'

t1=

25

L1= 120
t2= 40

d
L2=

L'=L2/2-t1/2-d

130

A'=L1xL'

Asumiendo un d=

45

cm

hallando L'=
qusd=Pu/L1xL2
qusd
A'=
Asc=L1*d
VU=Vu/Asc
Vu=
VU=PUxA
VU=

7.5
487.50 tn
900 cm
5400 cm
438750 tn/cm
81.25 tn

calculo de Vn
Vn= x 0.53xf'c

Vn=

0.85

206.45 tn

## ...verificacion por flexin

VU
81.25

Vn
206.445

Cumple

t1=

25

t2=

m = t1+d

L2= 130

bo=2(m+n)

310 cm

Vu = qusd*(L1*L2-(t1+d)*(t2+d))
VU =
vu = VU/boxd
vu =

4704375 tn/cm
337.23

n = t2+d

Punzonamiento

L1= 120

1/ c = t2/t1 =

Vc = x 1.06* f'c
Vc =

412.89

vu
337.23

Vc
412.89

Cumple

## las verificaciones por flexion y Punzonamiento cumple entonces

d=
H=

45
55

c) Calculo acero
Acero en L2
Pu=

450.00 Tn

calculo de cuantia

## = 0.85( )((1 2/(0.85 )

l=L2/2-t1/2
Mu= Pu*l^2*L1/2

52.5

MU=

74418750.00

RU=

314.10

0.0025

Ru=MU/(bd)

min=14/fy=
As =bd
As =

0.0033

5/8

19.50 cm2
N varillas
11
Varillas a usar
e=( L1-2(r)-n())/(n-1)
e=

## area area total

1.98
21.78
11

19.50

OK

18.00

OK

5/8

9.75

Acero en L1
Pu=

450.00 Tn

calculo de cuantia

## = 0.85( )((1 2/(0.85 )

l=L1/2-t2/2
Mu= Pu*l^2*L2/2
MU=

40
46800000.00

Ru=MU/(bd)
RU=

213.99

=
min=14/fy=

0.0021
0.0033

As =bd
As =

= 5/8

18.00 cm2
N varillas
10
Varillas a usar
e=( L1-2(r)-n())/(n-1)
e=

## area area total

1.98
19.8
10

9.90

5/8

55

cm

11

5/8

10

5/8

LOSA DE CIMENTACIN
n=
H=

150 KN/m2
2 m

c=

24 KN/m3

12.00
2.00

1000 KN

2000 KN

3000 KN

Estructura
Existente

6.00

6.00

16

2500 KN

3500 KN

4000 KN

3500 KN

2500 KN

1000 KN

2000 KN

3000 KN

2000 KN

1000 KN

6.00

2.00
2.00

6.00

6.00

6.00

6.00

28
Are de la Cimentacin
cargas verticales

376 m2

31000

+ 376.00 x

24

2.00

49048 KN

Para X
XG=

28

XG=

12.47

x 16.00

x 14.00

376

6.00

x 12.00

x 22.00

x 16.00

x 8.00

376

6.00

x 12.00

x 13.00

Para Y
YG=

YG=

28

7.04

16.00

6.00

3.00
12.47 CG
7.04

10.00

2.00

## b) Calculo del Centro Geomtrico de la Resultante de las Cargas

Calculo de XR :
=

1
(L1xeje1+L2xeje2+L2xeje2.........LNxejeN.

XR=

2E-05

2.00

+ 26.00

x 3500

XR=

Y =

x 4500.00 +
+ 376.00

x2

8.00

x 7500

x 24

x 12.47

+ 14.00

x 10000

+ 20.00

12.95

1
(L1xeje1+L2xeje2+L2xeje2.........LNxejeN.

Calculo de YR :
YR=

YR=

2E-05

2.00

9000 +

376

2.00

24

8.00

16000 +

14.00

6000 +

7.04

7.28

1

8.96

e1
e2

7.04
12.47

15.53
1

e1=XR-XG
e2=YR-YG

0.48 m
0.24 m

M1

M1=carg x e1
M1

28

M2

M2=carg x e1
M2

## e) Calculo de Momentos de Inercia

I1-1=

3
3
+BL(1 )2 ]-[ +bl(1 )2
12
12

D1=L/2-XG

D1=

1.53

d1=L-l/2-XG

d1=

9.53

22915 m4

0.48

49048
x
11771.5 kN.m

0.24

## M2 alrededor del eje X

16

1 1 = [

49048
x
23543 kN.m

x 5500

2 2 = [

3
3
+BL(2 )2 ]-[ +bl(2 )2
12
12

D2=B/2-YG

D2=

0.96

d2=B-l/2-YG

d2=

5.96

I2-2=

7197 m4

## f) Formula para Calculo de Presiones de contacto en la Losa (q)

=

1 1 2 2

11
22

q=

49048
376

q=

130.447

23543 y1
22915

11771.5 y2
7197

1.03 y1

qc

1.64 y2

qb

qa
qf

qe
qd

qa=
qb=
qc=
qd=
qe=
qf=

Y1
3.53
3.53
12.47
12.47
15.53
15.53

Y2
2.96
8.96
8.96
7.04
7.04
2.96

Reemplando en la Formula
q=
qa=
qb=
qc=
qd=
qe=
qf=

130.447

130.447
130.447
130.447
130.447
130.447
130.447

+
+
+
+

1.03 y1
3.63
3.63
12.81
12.81
15.96
15.96

+
+
+
+

1.64 y2
4.84
14.65
14.65
11.52
11.52
4.84

qa=
qb=
qc=
qd=
qe=
qf=

Valor maximo de q=

138.91
148.73
132.29
106.12
134.88
151.24

KN/m2
KN/m2
KN/m2
KN/m2
KN/m2
KN/m2

151.24 KN/m2