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Organelle Descriptio Function

Nucleus - Spherical or oval body - controls center of all cell processes


usually near the center - contains the information to regulate the growth and
of the cell (largest reproduction of the cell
organelle)
- Appears as a large
dark staining structure

Nuclear - Double membrane - Regulates the movement of materials in and out of the
that surrounds the cell
membrane
nucleus

DNA - Molecule called - Hereditary material that carries the genetic code
deoxyribonucleic acid - Genetic code controls cell process such as protein
- found in the nucleus synthesis
Model that has the
shape of double
helix(twisted ladder)

Chromatin - Long strands of DNA - Contains genetic information to control cell processes
scattered throughout
the nucleus
- When cell divides
strands form
chromosomes

Nucleolus - Located in nucleus - Manufactures ribosome parts


- this dense body is
made up of nucleic
acids(RNA, DNA and
proteins)

Ribosomes - Tiny grainy organelles, - Site of protein synthesis (amino acids join together to
located on the surface form proteins. E. i.: to make hormones
of the ER, floating
freely in cytoplasm
- composed mainly of
DNA

Cell membrane - Selectively permeable - Holds the contents of the cell together
barrier; “plasma - Controls passage of materials in and out of the cell
membrane” (double
membrane made up
from lipids and
proteins)

Cytoplasm - Jelly-like clear - Suspends the organelles


material, enclosed by - Provides the environment for movement tof materials;
the cell membrane “cytoplasmic streaming”
- Often moving
Endoplasmic - Folded membrane - Transports materials within the cell
that forms a series of
reticulum
canals

Mitochondria Sausage shaped Centres of respiration of the cell


structure surrounded by - Release energy that powers all cell activity
two membranes

Golgi - Several flattened - Store and transport cell products


membrane tubes- ends - Package proteins and transport them outside the cell
apparatus(bodies
have tiny sacs
) - Scattered throughout
the cytoplasm

Vacuoles - Fluid filled spaces - Store materials


surrounded by a single
membrane
- contain food, water,
waste and other
materials
Lysosomes - Spherical organelle - Contain digestive enzymes to breakdown cell materials:
surrounded by a single carbohydrates, fats, proteins, foreign materials such as
membrane bacteria, warn out cell parts
- Membrane can resist - If released from lysosome, enzymes could digest entire
enzymes so it won’t cell; “suicide bags”
breakdown
Cell wall - Composed largely of - Support and protection for cell parts
cellulose
- Located outside the
cell membrane of plant
cells (fungi and bacteria
have cell wall)
Chloroplasts - “Plastids”, oval - To produce carbohydrates; “food”
shaped organelle found
in plant cells
- Contain chlorophyll
needed for
photosynthesis