You are on page 1of 28
DESIGNER’S GUIDE EFFICIENCY+ BOILER 150,000 – 300,000 BTU/HR
DESIGNER’S GUIDE EFFICIENCY+ BOILER 150,000 – 300,000 BTU/HR

DESIGNER’S GUIDE EFFICIENCY+ ® BOILER

150,000

300,000

BTU/HR

Dear Specifier/Project Manager,

At Lochinvar, we have long recognized the importance of innovation to any product or service. Those who enter into business must also accept the challenge of meeting constantly changing needs.

The designer’s guide you are now holding has been designed to make it more convenient for you to select the perfect Lochinvar boiler for your projects and provide correct specifications for your teams.

All information has been organized and presented in a succinct, easy-to-use manner, so you can use and share information confidently and with minimal effort.

However, it is important to remember that this guide is not intended to replace our installation manual. Installers should still refer to our installation manual for specific installation instructions.

We hope our manual will make your work easier and more productive. As always, we greatly appreciate your input on additional improvements for the future.

Thanks once again for specifying the Lochinvar family of quality standard and custom-built water heaters and boilers.

Sincerely,

Dear Specifier/Project Manager, At Lochinvar, we have long recognized the importance of innovation to any product

Lochinvar Corporation

Lochinvar

Corporation

615-889-8900

/

Fax:

615-547-1000

Table of Contents

Air Removal

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.18

FIG. 14

Outdoor Venting

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.13

Boiler Operating Temperature Control

 

.19

FIG. 15

Primary/Secondary

Clearances

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.3

System Piping

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.16

Codes

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.2

FIG. 16

Low Temperature Bypass

 

. Combustion & Ventilation Air

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.3

System Piping

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.17

Connection To Terminal Strip

Contaminants

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.19

FIG. 17

Heating/Chilled

.

.

.

.

.5

Water System

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.18

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

Electrical Requirements (North America)

 

19

TABLE A. Clearances From Combustible Construction

 

.3

Gas Supply

. Location of Unit

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. Low Water Temperature Systems

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.14

.2

.17

TABLE B.

Conventional Venting, Vent Flue Size

.

.

.

.

.

TABLE C. E+ Vent Sidewall

.

.

.

.

.

.

.7

Outdoor Installation

.13

Air Kit Part Numbers

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.9

Outdoor Use

. Primary/Secondary Piping Relief Valve Piping

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. .3

.15

.16

TABLE D.

TABLE E.

E+ Vent Horizontal Air Kit Part Numbers

. Vertical Direct Vent Flue &

.

.

.

.11

Remote Temperature Control

.19

Air Inlet Sizes

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.13

Special Design Applications

.18

TABLE F.

Outdoor Vent Kit

.

.

.

.

.

.

.13

Three-Way Valves

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.16

TABLE G. Gas Supply Pipe Sizing

.

.

.

.14

Venting

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.5

TABLE H. Inlet Gas Pressure

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.14

Venting Options

. Water Flow Requirements

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.7

.15

TABLE I.

Minimum & Maximum Boiler Flow Rates

.15

Water Velocity Control

.15

TABLE J.

Water Flow Requirements

 

.15

 

TABLE K.

Heat Exchanger Head-loss

.16

Figures & Tables Index

TABLE L.

Amp Draw

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.19

FIG. 1

FIG. 2-5

Boiler Equipment & Control

Orientation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.3

Appendix A: Boiler Piping Diagrams

Combustion & Ventilation Air

 

.4

Primary/Secondary Boiler

 

.A1

FIG. 6

Barometric Damper

Multiple Unit - Primary/Secondary

 

.

.

.

.

.A2

Installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.8

Low Temperature Bypass Piping

 

.A3

FIG. 7

Multiple Unit Barometric

 

Damper Installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.8

FIG. 8

E+ Vent With

FIG. 9

.

.

.

Sidewall Air Inlet

.

.

.

.

.

.

.9

FIG. 10

FIG. 11

FIG. 12

FIG. 13

E+ Vent With Vertical Air Inlet Horizontal Direct Vent

.

.

.

 

.10

.11

 

Horizontal Direct Vent Cap

.11

Multiple Sidewall Vent Caps

.12

Vertical Direct Vent

.12

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

 

BOILER

615-889-8900

 

1

Lochinvar

 

In designing a hot water heating system, pay special attention to:

CODES

The equipment shall be installed in accordance with those installation regulations in effect in the local area where the installation is to be made. These must be

Water Velocity

carefully followed in all cases. Authorities having jurisdiction must be consulted before

(See Page 15 for minimum and maximum flow rates.)

installations are made. In the absence of such requirements, the installation must conform to the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas

Piping Requirements and Specialties

 

Code, ANSI Z223.1. Where required by the authority having jurisdiction, the installation must conform to American Society of Mechanical Engineers Safety Code for

(See Page 15 for piping application requirements.)

Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers, No.(CSD-1). All boilers conform to the latest edition of the ASME Boiler and

System Water Temperature

Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV. Where required by the authority having jurisdiction, the installation must comply with the

(See Page 17 for piping and design recommendations.)

Canadian Gas Association Code, CAN/CGA-B149.1 and/or B149.2

 

and/or local codes.

 

System and Boiler Control

 

LOCATION OF UNIT

(See Page 19 for boiler operating and temperature control.)

1.
1.

Locate the unit so that if water connections should leak, water damage will not occur. When such locations cannot be avoided, it is recommended that a suitable drain

Air Elimination and Expansion Tank Placement

pan, adequately drained, be installed under the unit. The pan must not restrict combustion air flow.

(See Page 18 for air removal information.)

 
 
  • 2 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

  • The indoor unit must be installed so that the ignition system components are protected from water (dripping, spraying, rain, etc.) during appliance operation and service (circulator replacement, control replacement, etc.)

  • Units located in a residential garage must be installed so that all burners and burner ignition devices have a minimum clearance of 18” (46cm) above the floor. The unit must be located or protected so that it is not subject to physical damage by a moving vehicle.

  • The appliance must be installed on a level floor. A combustible wood floor may be used without additional bases or special floor buildup. Maintain required clearances from combustible surfaces.

  • The appliance must not be installed on carpet or other combustible material other than wood flooring.

(TABLE A) CLEARANCES FROM COMBUSTIBLE CONSTRUCTION

RIGHT SIDE

1”

REAR

1”

LEFT SIDE

6” (24” suggested for service)

FRONT

3” (24” suggested for service) Suitable for closet installation

TOP

3”

*Allow sufficient space for servicing pipe connections, pump

and other auxiliary equipment, as well as the appliance.

SPECIAL LOCATION:

OUTDOOR USE

Efficiency+ Models are approved for outdoor installations. Outdoor models have additional location and clearance requirements. These requirements must be adhered to carefully, since wind, rain, snow

and cold cannot be controlled in outdoor applications. See Outdoor Installation, in the venting section on page 13.

COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION

Provisions for combustion and ventilation

air must be in accordance with Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation, of the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, or in Canada, the latest edition of CGA Standard B149

FLUE PRODUCTS AIR INLET VENT TERMINAL 120V STRIP ELECTRICAL (INSIDE) CONNECTION GAS CONNECTION SYSTEM RETURN DRAIN
FLUE PRODUCTS
AIR INLET
VENT
TERMINAL
120V
STRIP
ELECTRICAL
(INSIDE)
CONNECTION
GAS
CONNECTION
SYSTEM
RETURN
DRAIN
BACK
BURNER
FRONT
INSPECTION
LEFT SIDE
SYSTEM
PORT
SUPPLY
EB150-300
(FIG. 1) BOILER EQUIPMENT &
CONTROL ORIENTATION

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

3

Lochinvar

EXAMPLE OF SIZING FOR COMBUSTION & VENTILATION AIR OPENINGS (BOILER WITH 300,000 BTU/HR INPUT):
EXAMPLE OF
SIZING FOR
COMBUSTION
& VENTILATION
AIR OPENINGS
(BOILER WITH
300,000 BTU/HR
INPUT):

When combustion and ventilated air is taken from directly outside the building (FIG. 2), divide the total BTU’s by 4,000. This yields 75 sq.in. of “Free Area” without restriction.

300,000 ÷ 4,000 =

75

sq.in.

Since the air opening is 50% closed due to screens and louvers, the total opening MUST be multiplied by 2.

75

sq.in. x 2 =

150 sq.in.

This project requires one Ventilation Air Opening with net “Area” of 75 square inches with louver dimensions of

12” x 15”= 168 sq.in.

and one Combustion Air Opening with net “Area” of 75 square inches with louver dimensions of

12” x 15”= 168 sq in.

Installation Code for Gas Burning Appliances and Equipment, or applicable provisions of the local building codes.

The equipment room must be provided with properly sized openings to assure adequate combustion air and proper ventilation, when the unit is installed with conventional venting or sidewall venting.

CAUTION: Under no circumstances should the equipment room be under a negative pressure when atmospheric combustion equipment is installed in the room.

(FIG. 2) COMBUSTION AIR DIRECT FROM OUTSIDE
(FIG. 2) COMBUSTION AIR DIRECT FROM OUTSIDE
1.
1.

If air is taken directly from outside the building with no duct, provide two permanent openings:

A. Combustion air opening with a

minimum free area of one square inch per 4000 Btu/hr input. This opening must be located within 12(30 cm) of the bottom of the enclosure.

B. Ventilation air opening with a minimum free area of one square inch per 4000 Btu/hr input. This opening must be located within 12(30 cm) of the top of the enclosure.

  • If combustion and ventilation air is taken from the outdoors using a duct to deliver the air to the mechanical room, each of the two openings should be sized based on a minimum free area of one square inch per 2000 Btu/hr.

(FIG. 4) COMBUSTION AIR FROM INTERIOR SPACE
(FIG. 4) COMBUSTION AIR FROM INTERIOR SPACE
  • If air is taken from another interior space, each of the two openings specified above should have a net free area of one square inch for each 1000 Btu/hr of input, but not less than 100 square inches (645 cm 2 ).

(FIG. 5) COMBUSTION AIR FROM OUTSIDE SINGLE OPENING
(FIG. 5) COMBUSTION AIR FROM
OUTSIDE SINGLE OPENING
  • If a single combustion air opening is

 

provided to bring combustion air in

   
directly from the outdoors, the opening

directly from the outdoors, the opening

must be sized based on a minimum free area of one square inch per 3000 Btu/hr. This opening must be located within 12

(30 cm) of the top of the enclosure.

(FIG. 3) COMBUSTION AIR THROUGH DUCTWORK

  • 4 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

CONTAMINANTS

Combustion air drawn from an interior or exterior space must be free of any chemical fumes which could be corrosive to the boiler.

Burning chemical fumes results in the formation of corrosive acids which attack the boiler and cause improper combustion and premature failure of the boiler and vent.

These fumes are often present in areas where refrigerants, salts, and solvents are used. Therefore, be aware of swimming pool equipment, water softening, and cooling system placement.

VENTING

General

Vent installations for connection to gas vents or chimneys must be in accordance with Part 7, “Venting of Equipment”, of the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, or applicable provisions of the local building codes.

The connection from the appliance vent to the stack must be as direct as possible and sized correctly, using the proper vent table.

The horizontal breeching of a vent must have at least 1/4rise per linear foot. The horizontal portions should also be supported for the design and weight of the material employed to maintain clearances, prevent physical damage and separation of joints.

The connection from the appliance vent to the stack or vent termination outside the building must be made with listed Type “B” double wall vent (or equivalent) for conventional vent applications.

When utilizing direct vent capabilities connections must be made with AL29-4C

stainless steel (or equivalent) vent material.

Material should be sized according

to vent sizing tables (FAN column) in the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code.

The vent materials and accessories, such as firestop spacers, thimbles, caps, etc., must be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s listing.

The vent connector and firestop shall provide correct spacing to combustible surfaces and seal to the vent connector on the upper and lower sides of each floor or ceiling through which the vent connector passes.

CAUTION!

EXHAUST FANS:

Any fan or equipment

which exhausts air from

the equipment room may

deplete the combustion

air supply and/or cause

a down draft in the

venting system. If a fan

is used to supply

combustion air to

the equipment room, it

must be sized to make

sure that it does not

cause drafts which could

lead to nuisance

operational problems

with the boiler.

Any improper operation of the common venting system in the existing building must be corrected when new equipment is installed, so the installation conforms to the

latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1.

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

5

Lochinvar

WARNING

WARNING

Vent connectors serving gas appliances, which operate under a negative vent pressure, shall not be connected into any portion of mechanical draft

systems operating under positive vent pressure.

NOTE:

NOTE:

The weight of the venting system MUST NOT rest on the boiler. It should be properly supported.

IMPORTANT!

The vent cap should have a minimum clearance of 4 feet horizontally from electric meters, gas meters, regulators, air inlets and air relief equipment. Additionally, the vent cap should never be located above or below these items, unless a 4 foot horizontal distance is maintained.

The efficiency of this appliance allows its products of combustion to be vented through a smaller vent pipe when compared to units of the same Btu/hr capacity. For this reason, resizing common venting systems is recommended for proper operation.

When resizing any portion of the common venting system, it should be resized to approach the minimum size as determined using the appropriate tables (FAN column) in the National Fuel Gas Code.

Failure to resize a common venting system

could lead to the formation of condensate and premature deterioration of the vent material.

Flue gas condensate can freeze on exterior walls or on the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can result in a blocked flue condition. Some discoloration to exterior building surfaces can be expected. Adjacent brick or masonry surfaces should be protected with a rust resistant sheet metal plate.

Vent connectors serving appliances vented by natural draft must not be connected to any portion of a mechanical draft system operating under positive pressure.

Connection to a positive pressure stack may cause flue products to be discharged into the living space causing serious health injury.

Locate units as close as possible to a chimney or gas vent.

Vent Terminations

When locating the vent cap, consider the effects of snow, leaf dropping, etc., to ensure that no blockage occurs.

The distance of the vent terminal from adjacent public walkways, adjacent buildings, windows

that open and building openings must comply with the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1.

The vent terminal must be vertical and exhaust outside the building at least 2 feet (0.6m) above the highest point of the roof within a 10 foot (3.0m) radius of the termination.

The vertical termination must be a minimum of 3 feet (0.9m) above the point of exit in the rooftop.

A vertical termination less than 10 feet (3.0m) from a parapet wall shall be a minimum of 2 feet (0.6m) higher than the parapet wall.

The vent cap shall terminate at least 3 feet (0.9m) above any forced air inlet within 10 feet (3.05m). The vent shall terminate at least 4 feet (1.2m) below, 4 feet (1.2m) horizontally from or 1 foot (0.30m) above any door, window, or gravity air inlet to the building.

Do not terminate the vent in a window well, stairwell, alcove, courtyard, or other recessed area. The vent cannot terminate below grade.

  • 6 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

Masonry Chimney

A masonry chimney must be properly sized for the installation of a high efficiency gas fired appliance. Venting of a high efficiency appliance into a cold or oversized masonry chimney can result in operational and safety problems.

Exterior masonry chimneys, with one or more sides exposed to cold outdoor temperatures, are more likely to have venting problems. For this reason, exterior masonry chimneys are not generally recommended to vent high efficiency gas appliances.

An interior masonry chimney, which is not exposed to the outdoors below the roofline, may be used to vent high efficiency gas appliances based on the results of careful inspection, proper sizing and local code approval. If there is any doubt about the sizing or condition of a masonry chimney, it should be relined with a properly sized and approved chimney liner system.

Metallic liner systems (Type “B” double-wall, flexible, or rigid metallic liners) are recommended to line or reline an existing masonry chimney. Consult with local code officials to determine code requirements or the advisability of using a lined masonry chimney or relining of a masonry chimney.

VENTING OPTIONS

Conventional Venting - Negative Draft

Size vent material according to the “FAN” column of vent sizing tables in the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code. “FAN” applies to Category I fan assisted combustion appliances with natural draft. Utilize Category I type “B” vent material for all conventional venting applications.

A bell increaser is provided and installed directly on the boiler vent outlet. The bell increases the boiler vent size by 1 inch (25.4mm) in diameter. The vent connection is made directly to the bell increaser on the top of the unit. No additional draft diverter or barometric damper is required.

An interior masonry chimney should be carefully inspected to determine its suitability for the venting of flue products.

 

(TABLE B) CONVENTIONAL VENTING, VENT CONNECTION SIZE

 

A clay tile lined chimney must be structurally sound, straight and free of misaligned tile, gaps

MODEL

CONVENTIONAL VENT FLUE SIZE

between liner sections, missing sections of liner

EB150

5

or any signs of condensate drainage at the

EB200

5

breeching or clean out.

EB250

6

If there is any doubt about the condition of a

 

EB300

6”

masonry chimney, it should be relined.

 

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

7

Lochinvar

Lochinvar NOTE: An unlined masonry chimney should not be used to vent flue products from this

NOTE:

An unlined masonry chimney should not be used to vent flue products from this high efficiency appliance.

When each unit is installed with an individual vent, and the negative draft is higher than the specified range (0.02 to 0.05 inches of water column), a barometric damper will be necessary.

Multiple unit installations with combined venting require barometric dampers to regulate draft at each unit. The negative draft must be within the range of 0.02 to 0.05 inches of water column to ensure proper operation.

BAROMETRIC DAMPER ON SINGLE UNIT INSTALLATION Lined Chimney WATER HEATER/BOILER BAROMETRIC DAMPER ON SINGLE UNIT INSTALLATION
BAROMETRIC DAMPER ON SINGLE UNIT INSTALLATION
Lined
Chimney
WATER HEATER/BOILER
BAROMETRIC DAMPER ON SINGLE UNIT INSTALLATION
WATER HEATER/BOILER
(FIG. 6) BAROMETRIC DAMPER INSTALLATION
(FIG. 7) MULTIPLE UNIT BAROMETRIC DAMPER INSTALLATION
(FIG. 7) MULTIPLE UNIT BAROMETRIC
DAMPER INSTALLATION

All draft readings are made while the unit is in stable operation (approximately 2 to 5 minutes).

For this type of installation, it is best to use a draft control for each boiler located on the riser between the vent outlet and the breeching - Location “A”. (Figure 7)

When this riser is too short to permit the installation of a control, locate a separate

control for each boiler on the main breeching as illustrated in Location “B”. (Figure 7)

If, because of general crowding or other

reasons, neither of these locations are

possible, use a single large control in the

breeching between the boiler nearest the

chimney and the chimney, as shown in

Location “C”. (Figure 7)

Conventional Venting with Direct Combustion Air Intake (E+Vent)

This vent system uses two pipes, one vertical pipe with a roof top termination for the flue

products and one pipe for combustion air. The combustion air pipe may terminate

horizontally with a sidewall air inlet or vertically with a roof top air inlet. All

instructions for “Conventional Venting - Negative Draft” apply to “Conventional Venting with Direct Combustion Air”. The flue may be combined with the vent from any other negative draft, Category I appliances. Utilize Category I type “B” vent material for venting flue products.

  • 8 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

The sidewall or vertical roof top E+Vent combustion air supply system has specific vent material and installation requirements.

The air inlet pipe connects directly to the boiler to supply combustion air. In most installations, the combustion air inlet pipe will be a dedicated system with one air inlet pipe per boiler. Multiple air inlets may be combined if the guidelines in “Combined Air Inlet Points” are followed. The air inlet pipe will be connected to a combustion air inlet cap as specified in this section. Combustion air supplied from outdoors should be free of contaminants. The air inlet pipe(s) must be sealed. Select air inlet pipe material from the following specified materials:

• PVC, CPVC or ABS (4, 5or 6I.D.). • Dryer vent (not recommended for roof top air inlet) • Galvanized steel vent pipe with joints and seams sealed. • Type “B” double wall vent with joints and seams sealed.

The total equivalent length of the sidewall or vertical roof top E+Vent combustion air inlet pipe shall not exceed a maximum of 50 equivalent feet (15.2m) in length. Subtract 5 feet (1.5m) for each elbow in the air intake system.

(FIG. 8) E+ VENT WITH SIDEWALL AIR INLET
(FIG. 8) E+ VENT WITH SIDEWALL AIR INLET

(TABLE C) E+ VENT SIDEWALL AIR KIT PART NUMBERS

MODE

CONVENTIONAL VENT

AIR

SIDEWALL

NUMBER

FLUE SIZE*

INLET PIPE** E+ VENT KIT

EB150

5”

4”

SVK 3020

EB200

5”

4”

SVK 3020

EB250

6”

5”

SVK 3021

EB300

6”

5”

SVK 3021

*Vent size with 1” increaser installed for conventional negative draft venting.

NOTE: The use of double wall
NOTE:
The use of double wall

vent material for the combustion air inlet pipe is recommended in cold climates to prevent the accumulation of condensation on the

pipe exterior.

Sidewall Air Inlet

The sidewall air inlet cap is supplied in the E+ Sidewall Vent Kit. Each kit includes a sidewall combustion air inlet cap to supply air to a single boiler and instructions for proper installation. The part number for each kit is listed by unit size.

Locate units as close as possible to the sidewall where the combustion air supply system will be installed.

To prevent recirculation of flue products from an adjacent vent cap into the combustion air inlet, follow all applicable clearance requirements in the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code and instructions in this guide.

The combustion air inlet cap must be placed at least one foot (0.3m) above ground level and above normal snow levels.

(FIG. 9) E+ VENT WITH VERTICAL AIR INLET
(FIG. 9) E+ VENT WITH VERTICAL AIR INLET

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

9

Lochinvar

Vertical Air Inlet

The air inlet cap for the vertical roof top

air inlet is assembled from components purchased locally. The air inlet cap consist of two 90° ells installed at the point of termination for the air inlet pipe.

EXAMPLE OF COMBINED AIR INLET SIZING
EXAMPLE OF
COMBINED
AIR INLET
SIZING

Two 5” air inlet pipes (19.6 in 2 area each) have a total area of 39.2 in 2 requiring an 8” (50.3 in 2 area) common air inlet pipe.

The point of termination for the combustion air inlet cap must be at least 2 feet (0.6m) below the point of flue gas termination (vent cap) if it is located within 10 ft. (3.0m) of the flue outlet.

The termination ell on the air inlet must be located a minimum of 12(0.3m) above the roof or above normal levels of snow accumulation. It must not be placed closer than 10 feet (3.0m) from an inside corner of an L-shaped structure.

Incorrect location of the air inlet cap can allow the discharge of flue products to be drawn into the combustion process of the boiler. This can result in incomplete combustion and potentially hazardous levels of carbon monoxide in the flue products.

Combined Air Inlet Points

The air inlet pipes from multiple boilers can be combined into a single common connection, if the common air inlet pipe has a cross sectional area equal to or larger than the total area of all air inlet pipes connected to the common air inlet pipe.

The air inlet point for multiple boiler air inlets shall be provided with an exterior opening which has a free area equal to or greater

than the total area of all air inlet pipes connected to the common air inlet. This exterior opening for combustion air must connect directly to the outdoors.

The total length of the combined air inlet pipe must not exceed a maximum of 50 equivalent feet(15.2m). Deduct the restriction in area provided by any screens, grills or louvers installed in the common air inlet point. Screens, grills, or louvers installed in the common air inlet can reduce the free area of the opening from 25% to 75% based on the materials used. The air inlet cap for the combined air supply from multiple boilers can be purchased or fabricated in the field.

Direct Venting

A direct vent boiler uses a two pipe system,

one pipe for the flue products and one pipe for the combustion air supply.

The flue cannot be combined with any other appliance vent or common vent from multiple boilers. The vent on a direct vent system will have a positive pressure in the flue, which requires all vent joints and seams to be sealed gas-tight. The flue from a direct vent system shall have a condensate drain with provisions to properly collect and dispose of any condensate that may occur in the venting system. Direct vent systems require Category IV vent material with AL29-4C approved stainless steel.

The air inlet pipe connects directly to the boiler to supply combustion air. The air inlet pipe must be sealed. Choose acceptable

  • 10 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

combustion air pipe materials from those specified in this section. Approved material for air inlet pipes include: PVC, CPVC or ABS (3, 4, 5or 6I.D.), dryer vent, and galvanized steel vent pipe with joints and seams sealed.

The total equivalent length of the direct vent flue pipe or the air inlet pipe should not exceed a maximum of 50 equivalent feet (15.2m) in length for each pipe. Subtract 5 feet (1.5m) for each elbow in the vent pipe or air intake system.

(FIG. 10) HORIZONTAL DIRECT VENT
(FIG. 10) HORIZONTAL DIRECT VENT

Horizontal Direct Vent

Horizontal direct vent applications require a vent kit which will be supplied by Lochinvar

to assure proper operation.

(FIG. 11) HORIZONTAL DIRECT VENT CAP

(FIG. 11) HORIZONTAL DIRECT VENT CAP

The part number for each kit is listed by unit size. Each kit includes a sidewall vent cap for flue products, a firestop, a combustion air inlet cap, and instructions for proper installation.

It is important to be careful in the placement of the horizontal direct vent caps. Combustion air supplied from outdoors should be free of contaminants.

NOTE: The use of double wall
NOTE:
The use of double wall

vent material for the combustion air inlet pipe is recommended in cold climates to prevent the accumulation of condensation on the pipe exterior.

To prevent recirculation of flue products into the combustion air inlet:

  • The combustion air inlet cap must not be installed above the flue outlet cap.

  • Maintain a minimum 3 foot (0.9m) radius clearance between the combustion air inlet cap and the flue outlet cap. Additional space may be required between caps where high winds may occur.

  • The combustion air inlet cap and vent cap for flue outlet must be located on the same sidewall and in the same pressure zone.

  • Do not place the combustion air inlet cap closer than 10 feet (3.0m) from an inside corner of an L-shaped structure.

 

(TABLE D)

 
  • Place the combustion air inlet cap at least

 

HORIZONTAL DIRECT VENT KIT PART NUMBERS

 

MODEL

FLUE

AIR

PART

one foot (0.3m) above ground level and

NUMBER

PIPE SIZE

INLET PIPE

NUMBER

above normal snow levels.

EB150

4”

4”

HDK 3013

 

EB200

4”

4”

HDK 3013

EB250

5”

5”

HDK 3014

EB300

5”

5”

HDK 3014

 

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

11

Lochinvar

CAUTION!

3 feet MIN. AIR INLETS 3 feet FLUE OUTLETS MIN. AIR INLETS (FIG. 12) MULTIPLE SIDEWALL
3 feet
MIN.
AIR INLETS
3 feet
FLUE OUTLETS
MIN.
AIR INLETS
(FIG. 12) MULTIPLE SIDEWALL VENT CAPS

Vertical Direct Vent

Vertical direct vent applications do not require

Boilers which are shut

a vent kit to be supplied by Lochinvar. The

down or will not

vent cap and air inlet cap for vertical direct

operate may

vent applications are fabricated or purchased

experience freezing

in the field.

due to convective air

flow in the air inlet

A vertical vent cap, as specified by the vent

Incorrect installation and/or location of the

hazardous levels of carbon monoxide in the

pipe connected to the

material manufacturer, is used to vent the flue

unit. Proper freeze

 

products to the outdoors. The air inlet cap

protection MUST be

Multiple Unit Applications

consists of two 90° ells installed at the point

provided.

(Horizontal Direct Vent)

All clearance and installation requirements in

of termination for the air inlet pipe. The

 

The combustion air inlet caps for multiple unit installations must maintain the minimum 3 foot (0.9m) radius clearance below or horizontally from the closest flue outlet. Multiple flue outlet caps may be installed side by side, and multiple air inlet caps may be installed side by side, but the 3 foot (0.9m) radius minimum clearance between air inlet and flue outlet must be maintained.

this section and the applicable portions of the general venting section must be maintained

termination ell on the air inlet must be located a minimum of 12(15.2cm) above the roof or above normal levels of snow accumulation. The point of termination for the air inlet shall be 24(0.6m) lower than the point of flue gas termination, if it is located within 10 ft. (3.0m) of the flue outlet.

air inlet cap can allow the discharge of flue products to be drawn into the combustion process on the boiler. This can result in incomplete combustion and potentially

CAUTION!

on multiple unit installations.

Maintain a minimum 3 foot (0.9m) radius clearance between

(FIG. 13) VERTICAL DIRECT VENT
(FIG. 13) VERTICAL DIRECT VENT

flue products.

the combustion air inlet cap and the

 

(TABLE E) – VERTICAL DIRECT VENT, FLUE AND AIR INLET SIZES.

flue outlet cap.

MODEL

DIRECT VENT

AIR INLET

NUMBER

FLUE SIZE

PIPE

   

EB150

4”

4”

EB200

4”

4”

EB250

5”

5”

 

EB300

5”

5”

 
  • 12 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

Multiple Unit Applications (Vertical Direct Vent)

The combustion air inlet caps for multiple unit installations must maintain the minimum 2 foot (0.6m) clearance below the closest vertical flue outlet if within 10 feet (3.0m).

Multiple flue outlet caps may be installed side by side and multiple air inlet caps may be installed side by side, but the air inlet must always be at least 2 feet (0.6m) below the closest flue outlet if the outlet is within 10 feet (3.0m).

OUTDOOR INSTALLATION

Units are self venting and can be used outdoors when installed with the optional Outdoor Vent Kit. This kit includes a one piece top cover which replaces the standard two piece cover, air inlet cap, exhaust cap, gas valve cover and junction box cover. The cap mounts directly to the top of the water heater and covers the flue outlet and combustion air inlet openings on the jacket. No additional vent piping is required. Maintain a minimum clearance of 3" (76mm) to combustible surfaces and a minimum of 3" (76 mm) clearance to the air inlet.

An outdoor unit should not be located so that high winds can deflect off of adjacent walls, buildings or shrubbery causing recirculation. Recirculation of flue products may cause operational problems, bad combustion or damage to controls. The unit should be located at least 3 feet (0.91m) from any wall or vertical surface to prevent adverse wind conditions from affecting performance. Multiple unit outdoor installations require 48" (1.22 m) clearance between each vent cap. The outdoor cap must be located 4 feet (1.22 m) below and 4 feet (1.22 m) horizontally from any window, door, walkway or gravity air intake.

(FIG. 14) OUTDOOR VENTING
(FIG. 14) OUTDOOR VENTING

The combustion air inlet of the outdoor cap must be located at least one foot (0.30 m) above grade and above normal snow levels. The water heater must be at least 10 feet (3.05 m) away from any forced air inlet and at least 3 feet (0.91 m) outside any overhang. Do not install in locations where rain from building runoff drains will spill onto the water heater. Lochinvar must furnish an outdoor vent kit in accordance with CSA international requirements. Each kit includes the flue outlet/combustion air inlet, gas valve cover, junction box cover and one piece unit top.

(TABLE F) – OUTDOOR VENT KITS

MODEL

OUTDOOR

NUMBER

VENT KIT

EB150

ODK3069

EB200

ODK3070

EB250

ODK3071

EB300

ODK3072

Freeze Protection- Outdoor Installation

A snow screen should be installed to prevent snow and ice accumulation around the appliance or its venting system. If for any reason the unit is to be shut off:

(a.) Shut off water supply. (b.) Drain unit completely. (c.) Drain pump and piping. If freeze protection is not provided for the system, a low ambient temperature alarm or automatic drain system is recommended.

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

13

Lochinvar

EXAMPLE OF

HIGH

ALTITUDE

APPLICATIONS

For example, if a unit’s

input is 200,000 Btu/hr

at sea level, the rated

input at 4000 feet of

elevation can be calculated

by derating input 4%

per 1000 feet above

sea level.

[Btu/hr Input]

[1.00 - (Elevation/ 1000’

x 0.04)] = Btu/hr Input

at specified elevation.

[200,000][1.00 -

(4000’/1000’ x 0.04)] =

Btu/hr Input 4000’

elevation.

[200,000][0.84] =

168,000 Btu/hr Input

at 4000’ elevation.

  • NOTE:

Care should be taken to measure temperature rise and maintain proper water velocity in the heat exchanger.

 

(TABLE G) – GAS SUPPLY PIPE SIZING

 
 

Length of Pipe In Straight Feet

 

Nominal Iron Pipe Size, Inches

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

125

150

175

200

3/4

1

1-1/4

1-1/2

369

697

1,400

2,150

1,500

  • 256 174

205

  • 477 328

384

  • 974 677

789

1,210

1,020

155

292

595

923

141

267

543

830

 
  • 128 113

121

  • 246 210

256

  • 502 441

472

  • 769 666

707

 

106

200

410

636

95

179

369

564

86

164

333

513

79

149

308

472

74

138

287

441

2

4,100

2,820

2,260

1,950

1,720

1,560

1,440

1,330

1,250

1,180

1,100

974

871

820

2-1/2

6,460

4,460

3,610

3,100

2,720

2,460

2,310

2,100

2,000

1,900

1,700

1,540

1,400

1,300

3

11,200

7,900

6,400

5,400

4,870

4,410

4,000

3,800

3,540

3,300

3,000

2,720

2,500

2,340

4

23,500

16,100

13,100

11,100

10,000

9,000

8,300

7,690

7,380

6,870

6,150

5,640

5,130

4,720

                             

Maximum capacity of pipe in thousands of BTU’s per hour for

                 

gas pressures of 14 Inches Water Column

 

(0.5 PSIG) or less and a total

   

system pressure drop

BTU’s per Cubic

of 0.05 Inch Water Column (Based on NAT GAS, 1025

 

Foot of Gas and 0.60 Specific Gravity).

GAS SUPPLY

  • Safe operation of unit requires properly sized gas supply piping (See TABLE G).

  • Gas pipe size may be larger than the heater connection.

  • An internal gas pressure regulator is required if upstream pressure exceeds 6 oz. (10.5" water column), an intermediate gas pressure regulator, of the lockup type, must be installed.

  • Installation of a union is suggested for ease of service.

  • Install a manual main gas shutoff valve with test plug, outside of the appliance gas connection and before the gas valve, when local codes require.

  • A trap (drip leg) should be provided in the inlet of the gas connection to the unit.

High Altitude Applications

Atmospheric pressure decreases as the height above sea level increases. At any altitude above sea level, a cubic foot will contain less gas than a cubic foot at sea level. Thus, the

heating value of a cubic foot of fuel gas will

decrease as height above sea level increases. Specific gravity of a gas with respect to sea level also decreases with altitude.

These changes in heating value and specific gravity tend to offset each other. However, as elevation above sea level is increased, there is less oxygen per cubic foot of air. Therefore, heat input rate should be reduced in an appliance above 2000 feet. Ratings should be reduced at the rate of 4 percent for each

1000 feet above sea level.

(TABLE H) – INLET GAS PRESSURE REQUIREMENTS

 

NATURAL GAS

LPG

Max. Allowable

10.5”

13”

(Inches-water column)

Min. Allowable

4.7”

8”

(Inches-water column)

WATER CONNECTIONS

Inlet and Outlet Water Connections

For ease of service, install unions on inlet and outlet of the boiler. The connection on the unit marked “Inlet” should be used for return water from the system. The connection on the header marked “Outlet” should be connected to the system supply. (See Boiler Piping diagrams, Appendix A).

  • 14 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

WATER VELOCITY CONTROL

IMPORTANT To ensure proper velocity through the heat exchanger, it is necessary to regulate the temperature rise across the heat exchanger from inlet to outlet. (This must be done on initial installation and periodically rechecked). With the correct temperature rise across the heat exchanger (See TABLE J), you may be assured of the proper velocity in the tubes and long life and economical operation from the boiler.

(TABLE I) – MINIMUM & MAXIMUM BOILER FLOW RATES

MODEL

MINIMUM FLOW MAXIMUM FLOW

NUMBER

(GPM)

(GPM)

EB 150

6

60

EB 200

8

60

EB 250

10

60

EB 300

12

60

*Min. flow based on 40°F temperature rise.

WATER FLOW REQUIREMENTS AND SYSTEM PIPING

Lochinvar boilers are generally capable of operating within the design flow rates for the building heating system. To ensure the most efficient operation, a boiler needs adequate water flow. Pump sizing, pipe sizing, and piping

layout must be taken into consideration for proper system flow. (Table I) provides maximum

and minimum flow data for each model. (Table J) provides Gallons Per Minute and boiler head-loss at various temperature rises for each boiler based on Btu/hr input. These two charts will provide assistance in system flow design.

Primary/Secondary Piping

Using a primary/secondary piping arrangement can solve many system flow complications.

This piping arrangement uses a dedicated pump

to supply flow to the boiler. The pump is sized

based on the required boiler flow rate, boiler head-loss and head-loss in the secondary system piping. A separate pump is used to provide the desired flow for the system.

Primary/Secondary piping allows the system and

the boiler(s) to operate at their optimum flow rate. The system works best when the boiler(s) are supplied with pump control relays which are used

to cycle the secondary pump(s). When piped correctly, the secondary pump helps to prevent flow through the boiler(s) when they are not firing. Use of primary/secondary system will eliminate the need for a system or boiler bypass. Figure 15 depicts one example of primary/secondary piping.

 

(TABLE J) – WATER FLOW REQUIREMENTS

   

TEMPERATURE RISE

 

10°F T

15°F T

 

20°F T

25°F T

30°F T

40°F T

INPUT

150,000

200,000

250,000

300,000

OUTPUT

126,000

168,000

210,000

252,000

GPM

25.2

33.7

42.1

50.5

FT. HD

GPM

FT. HD

  • 0.9 0.5

16.8

  • 1.4 0.6

22.4

  • 1.7 1.2

28

  • 2.6 1.6

33.6

GPM

12.6

16.8

21

25.2

FT. HD

GPM

FT. HD

  • 0.4 6.3

0.3

  • 10.1 0.2

  • 0.5 8.4

0.4

  • 13.4 0.3

  • 0.7 10.5

0.6

  • 16.8 0.4

  • 1.1 12.6

0.7

  • 20.2 0.5

GPM

8.4

11.2

14

16.8

FT. HD

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.6

GPM

FT. HD

 

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

15

Lochinvar

IMPORTANT! MAKE-UP WATER LIT0476 Operation of this boiler on a low temperature system requires special piping
IMPORTANT!
MAKE-UP WATER
LIT0476
Operation of this boiler
on a low temperature
system requires special
piping to ensure correct
operation. Consult “Low
Water Temperature
System” section for
piping details.
HEATING SUPPLY
LOOP
TO FLOOR
DRAIN
*12” MAX
HEATING RETURN LOOP
(FIG. 15) PRIMARY/SECONDARY SYSTEM PIPING
(TABLE K) – HEAT EXCHANGER HEAD-LOSS CURVE
(TABLE K) – HEAT EXCHANGER
HEAD-LOSS CURVE

Three Way Valves

The installation of a three-way valve in a hydronic heating application is not generally recommended, as most piping methods allow the three-way valve to vary flow through the boiler. This variable flow through the boiler is not recommended, as it alters heat transfer speed and places undue heat stresses on the heat exchanger surface. Additionally, low flow rates can result in overheating of the boiler water, which can cause short burner on cycles, system noise and in extreme cases, a knocking flash to steam. For these reasons, constant circulation is recommended to maintain proper operation while the boiler is firing.

Water Flow Switch

Due to the low water content (between 1 and 6 gallons) of the copper finned tube heat exchanger, a flow switch is available for use as a low water cutoff device on all models. The flow switch should be installed in the outlet piping of the boiler and wired into the ignition system. Per ASME CSD1 and in most localities, a flow switch

is accepted as a low water cutoff for boilers

requiring forced circulation. (See CSD1 CW-210, Part A) It is prudent to verify preference with the

local code official.

A specially sealed flow switch and conduit are furnished for outdoor installations.

Low Water Cut-off

If this boiler is installed above radiation level, a low water cut-off device must be installed at the time of boiler installation (option available from factory).

Relief Valve Piping

This boiler is supplied with a pressure relief valve(s) sized in accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV “Heating Boilers”.

Low Flow Systems

When the system flow rate is less than the

minimum flow required for proper boiler operation, the Efficiency+ boiler should be installed with a primary/secondary piping system.

This will allow the installation of a secondary- circulating pump sized specifically to provide a higher flow rate through the boiler and the secondary loop piping to ensure proper operation. See “Primary/Secondary Piping” for installation and piping requirements.

  • 16 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

High Flow Systems

When the flow rate of the system exceeds the

maximum allowable flow rate through the boiler (Table I), boiler bypass piping should be installed.

The bypass will divert the required portion of the system flow to the boiler and bypass excess system flow. This will effectively reduce boiler flow to an acceptable rate and increase system flow. The bypass piping should be sized equal to the system piping. Figure 16 depicts the proper piping arrangement for the Boiler Bypass.

Low Water Temperature System

Any boiler system operating at a temperature of less than 140°F is considered a “low water temperature system” and must be piped with a low temperature bypass. There are a number of hydronic boiler applications that call for system water temperatures in the range of 60°F to 100°F. Typical applications are: Radiant heating systems; Water source heat pump systems; Greenhouse soil heating and irrigation systems; Process and manufacturing operations. These installations often incur problems resulting from boiler condensation, thermal stresses and poor overall system efficiency.

Copper tube boilers are particularly adaptable to these applications for several reasons:

  • A copper tube boiler is an instantaneous boiler, requiring virtually no heat-up time, and having no temperature “overshoot”. Result - High system efficiency.

  • The boiler’s unique construction prevents the transfer of heat exchanger thermal stresses to other boiler components, reducing wear and tear while increasing equipment life.

3.
3.

Its compact, simple design and low boiler mass permits a simple bypass arrangement which will allow the system to be operated at any temperature above 60°F (16°C).

A boiler operated with an inlet temperature of less than 140°F (60°C) must have a bypass to prevent problems with condensation.

A Low Temperature Bypass as shown in Figure 15 should be piped into the system at the time of installation. This piping is like a primary/ secondary boiler installation with a bypass in the secondary boiler piping. Inlet water temperatures below 140°F (60°C) can excessively cool the products of combustion resulting in condensation on the heat exchanger and in the flue. The bypass allows part of the boiler discharge water to be mixed with the cooler boiler return water to increase the boiler inlet temperature to at least 140°F (60°C). This will prevent the products of combustion from condensing in most installations. Size low temperature bypass piping equal to system piping, and use fully ported control valves.

LIT0473 MAKE-UP WATER HEATING SUPPLY LOOP TO FLOOR DRAIN BYPASS HEATING RETURN LOOP (FIG. 16) LOW
LIT0473
MAKE-UP WATER
HEATING SUPPLY
LOOP
TO FLOOR
DRAIN
BYPASS
HEATING RETURN LOOP
(FIG. 16) LOW TEMPERATURE BYPASS SYSTEM PIPING

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

17

Lochinvar

EXPANSION TANK HEATING & COOLING PUMP COIL LOW WATER FLOW SWITCH A B C D OUT
EXPANSION
TANK
HEATING &
COOLING
PUMP
COIL
LOW WATER
FLOW SWITCH
A
B
C
D
OUT
IN
R
CHILLER
GAS
WATER
SUPPLY
E
SUPPLY
BOILER
DIAGRAM NOTES:
3.
CLOSE BOTH "A" AND "C" VALVES WHEN RUNNING CHILLER.
1. VALVES "D" AND "C" MAY BE MANUAL OR AUTOMATIC- TO SUIT.
2. PROVIDE DRAIN FOR RELIEF VALVE "R" TO SAFE PLACE.
4.
CLOSE BOTH "B" AND "D" VALVES WHEN RUNNING BOILER.
5.
WATER SUPPLY VALVE REMAINS OPEN AT ALL TIMES.
(FIG. 17) HEATING/CHILLED WATER SYSTEM

SPECIAL DESIGN APPLICATIONS

Air Conditioning Re-Heat System When used in connection with a refrigeration system, the boiler must be installed so the chilled medium is piped in parallel with the boiler and with appropriate valves to prevent the chilled medium from entering the boiler. The piping system of the hot water boiler (when connected to heating coils located in air handling units where they may be exposed to refrigerated air circulation) must be equipped with flow control valves or other automatic means to prevent gravity circulation of the boiler water during the cooling cycle.

The heating coil must be vented at the high point, and the hot water from the boiler must

enter the coil at this point.

Due to the fast

heating capacity of the boiler, it is not necessary to provide a duct-stat to delay circulator operation. Also, omit thermal flow checks, as the boiler is cold when the heating thermostat is satisfied. This provides greater economy overall by maintaining standby heat.

AIR REMOVAL

An air separation device should be placed in the installation piping, on the suction side of the system pump, to eliminate trapped air in the system. Locate a system air vent at the highest point in the system. Additionally, a properly sized expansion tank may be required. Air charged, diaphragm type compression tanks are common. The expansion tank must be installed close to the boiler and on the suction side of the system pump to ensure proper operation.

  • 18 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

TEMPERATURE / PRESSURE GAUGE

This boiler is equipped with a dial type temperature/pressure gauge. This gauge is factory installed in the outlet side of the heat exchanger. The gauge has one scale for reading system pressure and a separate scale for water temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

BOILER OPERATING TEMPERATURE CONTROL

In the absence of a remote temperature control, a dial operator controls the boiler operating temperature. The sensing element for the operator is placed in a bulb well, installed in the inlet side of the heat exchanger front header. Due to the location of the temperature sensor, the operator will generally require a lower temperature setpoint to achieve the desired discharge water temperature from the boiler. This sensing element location allows a boiler operating with a low to moderate flow rate to sustain longer burner “ON” cycles, based on high discharge water temperatures.

For example, a boiler operating with a 180°F discharge and a 20°F temperature rise would require approximately a 160°F to 165°F set point with the temperature sensor installed on the inlet side of the heat exchanger. The exact temperature set point is based on system requirements.

REMOTE TEMPERATURE CONTROL, CONNECTION TO TERMINAL STRIP

A remote temperature control may be connected to the boiler. The boiler is equipped with a terminal strip to allow easy connection. Connection to the terminal strip will allow the remote temperature control to make and break the 24 VAC boiler control circuit, turning the boiler on and off based on building and system demands.

ELECTRICAL

REQUIREMENTS

(North America)

  • The appliance is wired for 120 volts. All wiring between the unit and field installed devices shall be made of type T wire [63°F (35°C) rise].

CAUTION! For proper operation the system should not be operated at less than 12 PSIG.
CAUTION!
For proper operation
the system should not
be operated at less
than 12 PSIG.
  • NOTE:

When the unit is installed in Canada, it

must conform to the CAE C22.1, Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1

and/or local Electrical Codes.

  • The pump must be wired to run continuously when unit is firing.

  • It is recommended that the boiler and pump be wired on separate circuits with properly sized breakers.

 

(TABLE L) – AMP DRAW DATA

MODEL

FAN

CONTROLS

APPRX. TOTAL

NUMBER

AMPS @ 120 VAC

EB150-300

1.2

4.0

5.12

Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY +

BOILER

615-889-8900

19

EFFICIENCY+ BOILER PIPING DIAGRAMS 20 Lochinvar 8900 DESIGNER ’ S GUIDE EFFICIENCY + BOILER 615-889-

EFFICIENCY+ ® BOILER

PIPING

DIAGRAMS

  • 20 Lochinvar

8900

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY

+

BOILER

615-889-

PIPING DIAGRAM

PRIMARY/SECONDARY BOILER PIPING

MAKE-UP WATER HEATING SUPPLY LOOP TO FLOOR DRAIN 12” MAX* *AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL – 12”
MAKE-UP WATER
HEATING SUPPLY LOOP
TO FLOOR DRAIN
12” MAX*
*AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL –
12” OR 4 PIPE DIAMETERS
MAXIMUM DISTANCE
BETWEEN MANIFOLD
CONNECTIONS TO SYSTEM.
HEATING RETURN LOOP
This illustration is for concept only and should not be used for any actual installation without engineering
or technical advice from a licensed engineer. All necessary equipment may not be illustrated.
LIT0476
LEGEND
PRESSURE
FULL PORT
RELIEF VALVE
CHECK VALVE
TEE
ELBOW
REDUCING VALVE
BALL VALVE
EXPANSION TANK
TANK FITTING
SYSTEM PUMP
LOW WATER
UNION
AIR SEPARATOR
CUT-OFF
Lochinvar
DESIGNER ’ S
GUIDE
EFFICIENCY +
BOILER
615-889-8900
A1

PIPING DIAGRAM

MULTIPLE UNIT PRIMARY / SECONDARY PIPING

MAKE-UP WATER TO SYSTEM SUPPLY CAP EACH MANIFOLD 12” MAX* FROM SYSTEM RETURN *AS CLOSE AS
MAKE-UP WATER
TO SYSTEM SUPPLY
CAP EACH MANIFOLD
12” MAX*
FROM SYSTEM
RETURN
*AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL –
12” OR 4 PIPE DIAMETERS MAXIMUM
DISTANCE BETWEEN MANIFOLD
CONNECTIONS
TO SYSTEM.
This illustration is for concept only and should not be used for any actual installation without engineering
or technical advice from a licensed engineer. All necessary equipment may not be illustrated.
LIT0475
LEGEND
PRESSURE
FULL PORT
RELIEF VALVE
CHECK VALVE
THREE WAY
TEE
ELBOW
REDUCING VALVE
BALL VALVE
VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK FITTING
SYSTEM PUMP
FOUR WAY
UNION
LOW WATER
AIR SEPARATOR
TANK
UNION
CUT-OFF
A2
Lochinvar
DESIGNER ’ S
GUIDE
EFFICIENCY +
BOILER
615-889-8900

PIPING DIAGRAM

LOW TEMPERATURE BOILER/BYPASS PIPING

MAKE-UP WATER HEATING SUPPLY LOOP TO FLOOR DRAIN BYPASS *12” MAX PRIMARY - SECONDARY BOILER PIPING
MAKE-UP WATER
HEATING SUPPLY LOOP
TO FLOOR DRAIN
BYPASS
*12” MAX
PRIMARY - SECONDARY BOILER PIPING
WITH BYPASS FOR LOW TEMPERATURE
OPERATION
HEATING RETURN LOOP
*AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL –
12” OR 4 PIPE DIAMETERS MAXIMUM
DISTANCE BETWEEN MANIFOLD
CONNECTIONS
TO SYSTEM.
This illustration is for concept only and should not be used for any actual installation without engineering
or technical advice from a licensed engineer. All necessary equipment may not be illustrated.
LIT0473
LEGEND
PRESSURE
FULL PORT
RELIEF VALVE
CHECK VALVE
TEE
ELBOW
REDUCING VALVE
BALL VALVE
EXPANSION TANK
TANK FITTING
SYSTEM PUMP
LOW WATER
UNION
AIR SEPARATOR
CUT-OFF
Lochinvar
DESIGNER ’ S
GUIDE
EFFICIENCY +
BOILER
615-889-8900
A3

Notes

  • 28 Lochinvar

DESIGNER S

GUIDE

EFFICIENCY

+

BOILER

615-889-8900

Lochinvar Corporation • 615-889-8900 / Fax 615-547-1000 www.Lochinvar.com EB-DG-03 4.5M-2/05-Printed in U.S.A.

Lochinvar Corporation • 615-889-8900 / Fax 615-547-1000

www.Lochinvar.com

EB-DG-03

4.5M-2/05-Printed in U.S.A.