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# TYPICAL CALCULATION OF LIVE LOAD REACTION FOR PIER SUBSTRUCTURE FOR SIMPLY SUPPORTED SPANS OF A THREE LANE BRIDGE

## STRUCTURE Centre line of pier w.r.t. the bearings :Rb Rc

= = 0.3 m 0.3 m

Reaction has been calculated for the following cases 1. One lane of class 70-R(W) 2. One lane of class - A 3. Two lane of class - A 4. Three lane of class - A 5. One lane of class 70-R(W) + One lane of class - A Condition A: Case 1: MAXIMUM LONGITUDINAL MOMENT CASE One lane of class 70-R(W) Cg of 100 t 5.12

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m

Rc 0.30 m

18.80 m

0.30 m Rd t t t t t t t t

Rb = 100*(18.8-5.12+0.3)/18.8 = 81.3 Rc = = 0.0 Ra= = 18.7 Vert.Reaction= 81.3 + 0 = 81.3 Braking Force, B = 0.2*100 = 20.0 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 20.0 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL of 70-R 2.595 2.905 CL of c/w

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.905*(81.3 + 0) Long. moment = 81.3*0.3-0*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input)

= = = =

m t.m t.m m

B)

## One lane of class-A Cg of 55.4t 9.7 0.0

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m 0.30 m

Rc

18.80 m Rd t t t t t t t t

0.3 m

Rc = 0*(18.8-0.3)/18.8 = 0.0 Rb = 55.4*(18.8-9.7+0.3/2)/18.8 = 27.7 Ra= = 27.7 Vert.Reaction = 0 + 27.7 = 27.7 Braking Force, B = 0.2*(0+55.4) = 11.1 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(1L) 1.30 M 4.20 CL of c/w M

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 4.2*27.7 Long. moment = 27.7*0.3-0*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 4.20 116.3 8.3 0.300 m t.m t.m m

Case 3 :

Two lane of class-A Rc = 2*0 = 0.0 Rb = 2*27.7 = 55.4 Ra= = 55.4 Vert.Reaction = 0 + 55.4 = 55.4 Braking Force(For single lane only) = 11.1 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(2L) 3.05 M 2.45 CL of c/w M t t t t t t t t

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.45*55.4 Long. moment = 55.4*0.3-0*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 2.45 135.7 16.6 0.300 m t.m t.m m

Case 4 :

Three lane of class-A Rc = 90% of 3*0 = 0.0 Rb = 90% of 3*27.7 = 74.8 Ra= = 1.3 Vert.Reaction = 0 + 74.8 74.8 Braking Force, B = (0.2)*55.4+0.05*55.4 = 13.9 (5% extra taken for third lane) Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 13.9 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(3L)
M 4.80

t t t t t t t

CL of c/w M 0.7

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 0.7*74.8 Long. moment = 74.8*0.3-0*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input) Case 5 : One lane of class-70R(W)+One lane of class-A Rc = 90% of(0+0) = 0.0 Rb = 90% of(27.7+81.28) = 98.1 Ra= = 41.8 Braking Force = 20 + 5% of 55.4 = 22.8 (5% extra taken for class A) Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 22.8 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) M M CL class 70-R CL of c/w CL class A(1L) 2.595 2.905 0.84 t t t t t t t = = = = 0.70 52.4 22.4 0.300 m t.m t.m m

11.0 m Transverse ecc.(class 70 R) Transverse ecc.(class A) Trans. moment = 0.9*(81.3*2.905-27.7*-0.84) Net transverse ecc. (for input) Long. moment = 98.1*0.3-0*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input)

= = = = = =

m m t.m t.m m

Condition B:

CASE 1:

## ONE LANE OF CLASS 70-R(W)

cg 100.0 t

Cg of 5.12
3.19

51.0

Cg of 49.0 t

3.33

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m 1.60 m

Rc

18.80 m Rd t t t t t t t t

1.60m

Rb = 49*(18.8 - 3.33 + 0.3)/18.8 = 41.10 Rc = 51*(18.8-3.19+1.6)/18.8 = 38.01 Ra= = 11.0 Vert. Reaction = 41.1 + 38 = 79.0 Braking Force, B = 0.2*100 = 20.0 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 20.0 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL of 70-R 2.595 2.905 CL of c/w

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.905*(41.1 + 38) Long. moment = 41.1*0.3-38.01*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input) Case 2: One lane of class-A Cg of Cg of 55.4 t 9.09 4.07 5.02 5.21

= = = =

m t.m t.m m

28.2

## Cg of 27.20 9.71 m 4.5 m

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m 0.30 m

Rc m

18.80 m Rd

0.3

Rc = 27.2*(18.8-5.21+0.3)/18.8 = 20.10 Rb = 55.4*(18.8-5.02+0.3)/18.8 = 21.12 Ra= = 7.1 Vert.Reaction = 20.1 + 21.12 = 41.22 Braking Force, B = 0.2*(55.4) = 11.1 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(1L) 1.30 CL of c/w 4.2

t t t t t t t t

11.0 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 4.2*41.2 Long. moment = 21.1*0.3-20.1*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 4.20 173.1 0.3 0.007 m t.m t.m m

Case 3 :

Two lane of class-A Rc = 2*20.1 = 40.2 t Rb = 2*21.1 = 42.2 t Ra= = 14.2 t Vert.Reaction = 40.2 + 42.2 = 82.4 t Braking Force(For single lane only) = 11.1 t Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 t Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 t Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 t ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(2L) 3.05 M 2.45 CL of c/w M

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.45*82.4 Long. moment = 42.2*0.3-40.2*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 2.45 202.0 0.6 0.007 m t.m t.m m

Case 4 :

Three lane of class-A Rc = 90% of 3*20.1 = 54.3 t Rb = 90% of 3*21.1 = 57.0 t Ra= = 19.1 t Vert.Reaction = 54.3 + 57 111.3 Braking Force, B = (0.2)*55.4+0.05*55.4 = 13.9 t (5% extra taken for third lane) Dead load reaction on the pier end , Rg = 410.0 t Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 t Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 13.9 t ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(3L) M 4.80 CL of c/w M 0.7

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 0.7*111.3 Long. moment = 57*0.3-54.3*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 0.70 77.9 0.8 0.007 m t.m t.m m

Case 5 :

One lane of class-70R(W)+One lane of class-A Rc = 90% of(20.1+38.01) = 52.3 t Rb = 90% of(21.12+41.1) = 56.0 t Ra= = 20.1 t Braking Force = 20 + 5% of 55.4 = 22.8 t (5% extra taken for class A) Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 t Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 t Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 22.8 t ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) M M CL class 70-R CL of c/w CL class A(1L) 2.595 2.905 0.84

11.0 m Transverse ecc.(class 70 R) Transverse ecc.(class A) Trans. moment = 0.9*(81.3*2.9-0*-0.8) Net transverse ecc. (for input) Long. moment = 56*0.3-52.3*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = = = 2.905 -0.84 175.4 1.620 1.1 0.010 m m t.m t.m m

CG 3.33 2.18

34 51

3.715 3.19

22.00

cg 6.8 1.5

cg 6.8 4.5

38.6

20.4

4.14

52.7

27.2

4.5

50 52.7 55.4

28.2

4.07

18.2

1.81

## span 4.42 5.79 7.92 9.44 13.4

load 51 68 80 92 100

19.23

## 1.73 2.99 4.33 5.71 5.71

second span SPAN LOAD CG 3 80 4.52 92 8.48 100 24 100 19.40 first span 3 4.52 8.48 24 19.40

17 29 41 49

## 0.87 1.75 2.56 3.53

Max. Longitudinal Moment
Max. vertical reaction (t) Transverse moment (t.m) Longitudinal moment (t.m)

## Load case 1L class 70 - R 1L class - A 2L class - A 3L class - A 1L class 70 - R + 1L class - A

Transverse Max. Transverse Longitudinal horizontal ecc. (m) vertical moment moment (t.m) force (t) reaction (t) (t.m) 79.0 41.2 82.4 111.3 108.3 229.5 173.1 202.0 77.9 175.4 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.1 20.0 11.1 11.1 13.9 22.8 2.905 4.200 0.614 0.700 1.620

Design