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TYPICAL CALCULATION OF LIVE LOAD REACTION FOR PIER SUBSTRUCTURE FOR SIMPLY SUPPORTED SPANS OF A THREE LANE BRIDGE

STRUCTURE Centre line of pier w.r.t. the bearings :Rb Rc


= = 0.3 m 0.3 m

Reaction has been calculated for the following cases 1. One lane of class 70-R(W) 2. One lane of class - A 3. Two lane of class - A 4. Three lane of class - A 5. One lane of class 70-R(W) + One lane of class - A Condition A: Case 1: MAXIMUM LONGITUDINAL MOMENT CASE One lane of class 70-R(W) Cg of 100 t 5.12

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m

Rc 0.30 m

18.80 m

0.30 m Rd t t t t t t t t

Rb = 100*(18.8-5.12+0.3)/18.8 = 81.3 Rc = = 0.0 Ra= = 18.7 Vert.Reaction= 81.3 + 0 = 81.3 Braking Force, B = 0.2*100 = 20.0 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 20.0 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL of 70-R 2.595 2.905 CL of c/w

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.905*(81.3 + 0) Long. moment = 81.3*0.3-0*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input)

= = = =

2.905 236.1 24.4 0.300

m t.m t.m m

B)

One lane of class-A Cg of 55.4t 9.7 0.0

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m 0.30 m

Rc

18.80 m Rd t t t t t t t t

0.3 m

Rc = 0*(18.8-0.3)/18.8 = 0.0 Rb = 55.4*(18.8-9.7+0.3/2)/18.8 = 27.7 Ra= = 27.7 Vert.Reaction = 0 + 27.7 = 27.7 Braking Force, B = 0.2*(0+55.4) = 11.1 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(1L) 1.30 M 4.20 CL of c/w M

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 4.2*27.7 Long. moment = 27.7*0.3-0*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 4.20 116.3 8.3 0.300 m t.m t.m m

Case 3 :

Two lane of class-A Rc = 2*0 = 0.0 Rb = 2*27.7 = 55.4 Ra= = 55.4 Vert.Reaction = 0 + 55.4 = 55.4 Braking Force(For single lane only) = 11.1 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(2L) 3.05 M 2.45 CL of c/w M t t t t t t t t

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.45*55.4 Long. moment = 55.4*0.3-0*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 2.45 135.7 16.6 0.300 m t.m t.m m

Case 4 :

Three lane of class-A Rc = 90% of 3*0 = 0.0 Rb = 90% of 3*27.7 = 74.8 Ra= = 1.3 Vert.Reaction = 0 + 74.8 74.8 Braking Force, B = (0.2)*55.4+0.05*55.4 = 13.9 (5% extra taken for third lane) Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 13.9 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(3L)
M 4.80

t t t t t t t

CL of c/w M 0.7

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 0.7*74.8 Long. moment = 74.8*0.3-0*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input) Case 5 : One lane of class-70R(W)+One lane of class-A Rc = 90% of(0+0) = 0.0 Rb = 90% of(27.7+81.28) = 98.1 Ra= = 41.8 Braking Force = 20 + 5% of 55.4 = 22.8 (5% extra taken for class A) Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 22.8 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) M M CL class 70-R CL of c/w CL class A(1L) 2.595 2.905 0.84 t t t t t t t = = = = 0.70 52.4 22.4 0.300 m t.m t.m m

11.0 m Transverse ecc.(class 70 R) Transverse ecc.(class A) Trans. moment = 0.9*(81.3*2.905-27.7*-0.84) Net transverse ecc. (for input) Long. moment = 98.1*0.3-0*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input)

= = = = = =

2.905 -0.84 191.6 1.953 29.4 0.300

m m t.m t.m m

Condition B:

MAXIMUM TRANSVERSE MOMENT / REACTION CASE

CASE 1:

ONE LANE OF CLASS 70-R(W)


cg 100.0 t

Cg of 5.12
3.19

51.0

Cg of 49.0 t

3.33

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m 1.60 m

Rc

18.80 m Rd t t t t t t t t

1.60m

Rb = 49*(18.8 - 3.33 + 0.3)/18.8 = 41.10 Rc = 51*(18.8-3.19+1.6)/18.8 = 38.01 Ra= = 11.0 Vert. Reaction = 41.1 + 38 = 79.0 Braking Force, B = 0.2*100 = 20.0 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 20.0 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL of 70-R 2.595 2.905 CL of c/w

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.905*(41.1 + 38) Long. moment = 41.1*0.3-38.01*0.3 Long. Eccentricity ( for input) Case 2: One lane of class-A Cg of Cg of 55.4 t 9.09 4.07 5.02 5.21

= = = =

2.905 229.5 0.9 0.012

m t.m t.m m

28.2

Cg of 27.20 9.71 m 4.5 m

0.3 m Ra

18.80 m

Rb 0.30 m 0.30 m

Rc m

18.80 m Rd

0.3

Rc = 27.2*(18.8-5.21+0.3)/18.8 = 20.10 Rb = 55.4*(18.8-5.02+0.3)/18.8 = 21.12 Ra= = 7.1 Vert.Reaction = 20.1 + 21.12 = 41.22 Braking Force, B = 0.2*(55.4) = 11.1 Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(1L) 1.30 CL of c/w 4.2

t t t t t t t t

11.0 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 4.2*41.2 Long. moment = 21.1*0.3-20.1*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 4.20 173.1 0.3 0.007 m t.m t.m m

Case 3 :

Two lane of class-A Rc = 2*20.1 = 40.2 t Rb = 2*21.1 = 42.2 t Ra= = 14.2 t Vert.Reaction = 40.2 + 42.2 = 82.4 t Braking Force(For single lane only) = 11.1 t Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 t Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 t Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 11.1 t ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(2L) 3.05 M 2.45 CL of c/w M

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 2.45*82.4 Long. moment = 42.2*0.3-40.2*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 2.45 202.0 0.6 0.007 m t.m t.m m

Case 4 :

Three lane of class-A Rc = 90% of 3*20.1 = 54.3 t Rb = 90% of 3*21.1 = 57.0 t Ra= = 19.1 t Vert.Reaction = 54.3 + 57 111.3 Braking Force, B = (0.2)*55.4+0.05*55.4 = 13.9 t (5% extra taken for third lane) Dead load reaction on the pier end , Rg = 410.0 t Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 t Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 13.9 t ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) CL class A(3L) M 4.80 CL of c/w M 0.7

11 m Transverse eccentricity Transverse moment = 0.7*111.3 Long. moment = 57*0.3-54.3*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = 0.70 77.9 0.8 0.007 m t.m t.m m

Case 5 :

One lane of class-70R(W)+One lane of class-A Rc = 90% of(20.1+38.01) = 52.3 t Rb = 90% of(21.12+41.1) = 56.0 t Ra= = 20.1 t Braking Force = 20 + 5% of 55.4 = 22.8 t (5% extra taken for class A) Dead load reaction on the pier , Rg = 410.0 t Value of " m " = = 0.00 Horizontal force due to temperature, T = m*(Rg+Ra) = 0.0 t Design horizontal force is higher of either ( B/2+T ) or ( B-T ) = 22.8 t ( neglecting shear rating of elastomeric bearing in the adjacent span, which is on the conservative side ) M M CL class 70-R CL of c/w CL class A(1L) 2.595 2.905 0.84

11.0 m Transverse ecc.(class 70 R) Transverse ecc.(class A) Trans. moment = 0.9*(81.3*2.9-0*-0.8) Net transverse ecc. (for input) Long. moment = 56*0.3-52.3*0.3 M Long. Eccentricity ( for input) = = = = = = 2.905 -0.84 175.4 1.620 1.1 0.010 m m t.m t.m m

first span SPAN 8.28 5.04

LOAD 49 58

CG 3.33 2.18

19.40 second span 4.4 5.12

34 51

3.715 3.19

22.00

two span length 9 13.3 14.5 18.7 18.8 38.5

load 27.2 38.6 50 52.7 55.4 55.4

cg6.8 end 4.5 7.1 8.79 9.24 9.71 9.71

cg2.7 end 4.5 6.2 5.71 9.46 9.09 9.09

load 27.2

Span2load 13.6

cg 6.8 1.5

load 55.4

Span2 load 27.2

cg 6.8 4.5

38.6

20.4

4.14

52.7

27.2

4.5

50 52.7 55.4

20.4 27.2 27.2

4.14 4.5 4.5

50 38.6 27.2 span2

20.4 20.4 13.6 19.23 load 1 28.2 25.5 29.6

4.14 4.14 1.5

load 1 13.6 18.2 25.5

Cg 2.7 end 1.5 1.81 3.4

Cg 2.7 end 4.07 3.4 1.73

28.2

4.07

18.2

1.81

span 4.42 5.79 7.92 9.44 13.4

load 51 68 80 92 100

cg 1.93 2.895 3.65 4.4 5.12

19.23

SPAN 5.5 8.5 11.5 14.5 24 19.23

LOAD CG 29.6 36.4 43.2 50 50

1.73 2.99 4.33 5.71 5.71

second span SPAN LOAD CG 3 80 4.52 92 8.48 100 24 100 19.40 first span 3 4.52 8.48 24 19.40

3.65 4.4 5.12 5.12

17 29 41 49

0.87 1.75 2.56 3.53

Summary of Loads
Max. Longitudinal Moment
Max. vertical reaction (t) Transverse moment (t.m) Longitudinal moment (t.m)

Design horizontal force (t) 20.0 11.1 11.1 13.9 22.8

Transverse ecc. (m) 2.905 4.200 0.700 0.700 1.953

Longitudinal ecc. (m) 0.300 0.300 0.300 0.300 0.300

81.3 27.7 55.4 74.8 98.1

236.1 116.3 135.7 52.4 191.6

24.4 8.3 16.6 22.4 29.4 Max.Transverse Moment

Load case 1L class 70 - R 1L class - A 2L class - A 3L class - A 1L class 70 - R + 1L class - A

Transverse Max. Transverse Longitudinal horizontal ecc. (m) vertical moment moment (t.m) force (t) reaction (t) (t.m) 79.0 41.2 82.4 111.3 108.3 229.5 173.1 202.0 77.9 175.4 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.1 20.0 11.1 11.1 13.9 22.8 2.905 4.200 0.614 0.700 1.620

Design

Longitudinal ecc. (m) 0.012 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.010

Vertical reaction due to braking has been neglected.