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ARTICLE III BILL OF RIGHTS Section 8.

The right of the people, including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged. ARTICLE XIII SOCIAL JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS LABOR Section 3. The State shall afford full protection to labor, local and overseas, organized and unorganized, and promote full employment and equality of employment opportunities for all. It shall guarantee the rights of all workers to self-organization, collective bargaining and negotiations, and peaceful concerted activities, including the right to strike in accordance with law. They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a living wage. They shall also participate in policy and decision-making processes affecting their rights and benefits as may be provided by law. The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility between workers and employers and the preferential use of voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial peace. The State shall regulate the relations between workers and employers, recognizing the right of labor to its just share in the fruits of production and the right of enterprises to reasonable returns to investments, and to expansion and growth. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 111 December 24, 1986 AMENDING CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, AS AMENDED WHEREAS, the welfare of the workers is primary concern of the government; WHEREAS, it is necessary to amend or repeal provisions of laws, that repress the rights of workers and of their trade unions; NOW, THEREFORE, I, CORAZON C. AQUINO, President of the Philippines, do hereby order: Sec. 1. Articles 60 and 61 of the Labor Code of the Philippines are hereby amended to read as follows: "Art. 60. Employment of apprentices. Only employers in the highly technical industries may employ apprentices and only in apprenticeable occupations approved by the Minister of Labor and Employment." "Art. 61. Contents of apprenticeship agreements. Apprenticeship agreements, including wage rates of apprentices, shall conform to the rules issued by the Minister of Labor and Employment. The period of apprenticeship shall not exceed six months. Apprenticeship agreements providing for wage rates below the legal minimum wage, which in no case shall start below 75 per cent of the applicable minimum wage, may entered into only in accordance with apprenticeship programs duly approved by the Minister of Labor and Employment. The Ministry shall develop standard model programs of apprenticeship."

Sec. 2. Article 128 (b) of the Labor Code of the Philippines is hereby further amended to read as follows: "(b) The provisions of Article 217 of this Code to the contrary notwithstanding and in cases where the relationship of employeremployee still exists, the Minister of Labor and Employment or his duly authorized representatives shall have the power to order and administer, after due notice and hearing, compliance with the labor standards provisions of this Code and other labor legislation based on the findings of labor regulation officers or industrial safety engineers made in the course of inspection, and to issue writs of execution to the appropriate authority for the enforcement of their order, except in cases where the employer contests the findings of the labor regulation officer and raises issues which cannot be resolved without considering evidentiary matters that are not verifiable in the normal course of inspection." Sec. 3. Paragraph (c) of Article 211 of the Labor Code of the Philippines is hereby amended to read as follows: "(c) to foster the free and voluntary organization of a strong and united labor movement;" Sec. 4. Paragraph (c) of Article 234 of the Labor Code of the Philippines is hereby further amended to read as follows: "(c) The names of all its members comprising at least 20 percent of all the employees in the bargaining unit where it seeks to operates;" Sec. 5. The provisions of Article 258 and the second paragraphs of Article 239 and 241 of the Labor Code of the Philippines relating to the restructuring of the labor movement along one-union-one industry policy, are hereby repealed. Sec. 6. Article 245 of the Labor Code of the Philippines is hereby amended to read as follows: "Art. 245. Right of Employees in the public service. Employees of government corporations established under the Corporation Code shall have the right to organize and to bargain collectively with their respective employees. All other employees in the civil service shall have the right to form associations for purposes not contrary to law." Sec. 7. Articles 257 and 258 of the Labor Code of the Philippines are hereby amended to read as follows: "Art. 257. Representation issues in organized establishments. In organized establishments, when a petition questioning the majority status of the incumbent bargaining agent is filed before the Ministry within the six-day period before the expiration of the collective bargaining agreement, the Med-Arbiter shall automatically order an election by secret ballot to ascertain the will of the employees in the appropriate bargaining unit. To have a valid election, at least a majority of all eligible voters in the unit must have cast their votes. The labor union receiving the majority of the valid votes cast shall be certified as the exclusive bargaining agent of all the workers in the unit. When an election which provides for three or more choices results in no choice receiving a majority of the valid votes cast, a runoff election shall be conducted between the choices receiving the choices receiving the two highest number of votes." "Art. 258. Petitions in unorganized establishments. In any establishments where there is no certified bargaining agent, the petition for certification election filed by a legitimate labor organization shall be supported by the written consent of a least twenty (20%) per cent of all the employees in the bargaining unit. Upon receipt and

verification of such petition, the Med-Arbiter shall automatically order the conduct of a certification election." Sec. 8. Paragraph (c) and (f) of Article 264 of the Labor Code of the Philippines are hereby further amended to read as follows: "(c) In cases of bargaining deadlocks, the duly certified or recognized bargaining agent may file a notice of strike or the employer may file a notice of lockout with the Ministry at least 30 days before the intended date thereof. In cases of unfair labor practice, the period of notice shall be 15 days and in the absence of a duly certified or recognized bargaining agent, the notice of strike may be filed by a any legitimate labor organization in behalf of its members. However, in case of dismissal from employment of union officers duly elected in accordance with the union constitution and by-laws, which may constitute a union busting where the existence of the union is threatened, the 15-day cooling-off period shall not apply and the union may take action immediately." "(f) A decision to declare a strike must be approved by a majority of the total union membership in the bargaining unit concerned, obtained by secret ballot in meeting or referenda called for that purpose. A decision to declare a lockout must be approved by a majority of the board of directors of the corporation or association or the partners in a partnership, obtained by secret ballot in a meeting called for that purpose. The decision shall be valid for the duration of the dispute based on substantially the same grounds considered when the strike or lockout vote was taken. The Ministry may, at its own initiative or upon the request of any affected party, supervise the conduct of the secret balloting. In every case, the union or the employer shall furnish the Ministry the results of the voting at least seven days before the intended strike or lockout, subject to the cooling-off period herein provided." Sec. 9. Paragraph (d) of Article 265 of the Labor Code of the Philippines is hereby further amended to read as follows: "(d) No public official or employee, including officers and personnel of the New Armed Forces of the Philippines or the Integrated National Police, or armed person, shall bring in, introduce or escort in any manner any individual who seeks to replace strikers in entering or leaving the premises of a strike area, or work in place of the strikers. The police force shall keep out of the picket lines unless actual violence or other criminal acts occur therein: Provided, That nothing herein shall be interpreted to prevent any public officer from taking any measure necessary to maintain peace and order, protect life and property, and/or enforce the law and legal orders." Sec. 10. The Ministry of Labor and Employment shall cause the renumbering of the affected provisions of the Labor Code of the Philippines, amended. Sec. 11. The Ministry of Labor and Employment shall promulgate the necessary rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this Executive Order. Sec. 12. Letter of Instructions No. 1458 date May 1, 1985 is hereby repealed insofar as it allows management to replace striking workers who defy return-to work orders. All other laws, orders, issuances, rules and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with this Executive Order are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. Sec. 13. This Executive Order shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in the Official Gazette. DONE in the City of Manila, this 24th day of December in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty-six.

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 180 June 1, 1987 PROVIDING GUIDELINES FOR THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT TO ORGANIZE OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, CREATING A PUBLIC SECTOR LABOR-MANAGEMENT COUNCIL, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES In accordance with the provisions of the 1987 Constitution, I, CORAZON C. AQUINO, President of the Philippines, do hereby order: I. Coverage Sec. 1. This Executive Order applies to all employees of all branches, subdivisions, instrumentalities, and agencies, of the Government, including government-owned or controlled corporations with original charters. For this purpose, employees, covered by this Executive Order shall be referred to as "government employees". Sec. 2. All government employees can form, join or assist employees' organizations of their own choosing for the furtherance and protection of their interests. They can also form, in conjunction with appropriate government authorities, labor-management committees, works councils and other forms of workers' participation schemes to achieve the same objectives. Sec. 3. High-level employees whose functions are normally considered as policymaking or managerial or whose duties are of a highly confidential nature shall not be eligible to join the organization of rank-and-file government employees. Sec. 4. The Executive Order shall not apply to the members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, including police officers, policemen, firemen and jail guards. II. Protection of the Right to Organize Sec. 5. Government employees shall not be discriminated against in respect of their employment by reason of their membership in employees' organizations or participation in the normal activities of their organization. Their employment shall not be subject to the condition that they shall not join or shall relinquish their membership in the employees' organizations. Sec. 6. Government authorities shall not interfere in the establishment, functioning or administration of government employees' organizations through acts designed to place such organizations under the control of government authority. III. Registration of Employees' Organization Sec. 7. Government employees' organizations shall register with the Civil Service Commission and the Department of Labor and Employment. The application shall be filed with the Bureau of Labor Relations of the Department which shall process the same in accordance with the provisions of the Labor Code of the Philippines, as amended. Applications may also be filed with the Regional Offices of the Department of Labor and Employment which shall immediately transmit the said applications to the Bureau of Labor Relations within three (3) days from receipt thereof. Sec. 8. Upon approval of the application, a registration certificate be issued to the organization recognizing it as a legitimate employees' organization with the right to represent its members and undertake activities to further and defend its interest. The corresponding certificates of registration shall be jointly approved by the Chairman of the Civil Service Commission and Secretary of Labor and Employment. IV. Sole and Exclusive Employees' Representatives

Sec. 9. The appropriate organizational unit shall be the employers unit consisting of rank-and-file employees unless circumstances otherwise require. Sec. 10. The duly registered employees' organization having the support of the majority of the employees in the appropriate organizational unit shall be designated as the sole and exclusive representative of the employees. Sec. 11. A duly registered employees' organization shall be accorded voluntary recognition upon a showing that no other employees' organization is registered or is seeking registration, based on records of the Bureau of Labor Relations, and that the said organizations has the majority support of the rank-and-file employees in the organizational unit. Sec. 12. Where there are two or more duly registered employees' organizations in the appropriate organizational unit, the Bureau of Labor Relations shall, upon petition, order the conduct of a certification election and shall certify the winner as the exclusive representative of the rank-and-file employees in said organization unit. D. Terms and Conditions of Employment in Government Services Sec. 13. Terms and conditions of employment or improvements thereof, except those that are fixed by law, may be the subject of negotiations between duly recognized employees' organizations and appropriate government authorities. VI. Peaceful Concerted Activities and Strikes Sec. 14. The Civil Service laws and rules governing concerted activities and strikes in the government service shall be observed, subject to any legislation that may be enacted by Congress. VII. Public Sector Labor-Management Council Sec. 15. A Public Sector Labor Management Council, hereinafter referred to as the Council, is hereby constituted to be composed of the following: 1) Chairman, Civil Service Commission Chairman 2) Secretary, Department of Labor and Employment Vice Chairman 3) Secretary, Department of Finance Member

Done in the City of Manila, this 1st day of June, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty-seven.

REPUBLIC ACT No. 2260 AN ACT TO AMEND AND REVISE THE LAWS RELATIVE TO PHILIPPINE CIVIL SERVICE Section 28. Employee Relations and Services (a) Employee-Employer Relations. Every head of department, bureau, office or agency shall take all proper steps toward the creation of an atmosphere conductive to good employee-supervisor relations and the improvement of employee morale. For this purpose, the head of each department, bureau, office or agency shall make provisions for employees' health, welfare, counseling, recreation, and similar services. (b) Complaints and Grievances. Employees shall have the right to present their complaints and/or grievances to the management and have them adjudicated as expeditiously as possible in the best interest of the agency, the Government as a whole and the employee concerned. Such complaints and/or grievances shall be resolved at the lowest possible echelon in the department, bureau, office or agency, as the case may be, and the employee shall have the right to appeal such decision to higher authorities. Each department bureau, office or agency shall promulgate rules and regulations governing expeditious, fair and equitable adjustment of employees' complaints and/or grievances in accordance with the policies enunciated in this Act. (c) Limitation on the Right to Strike. The terms and conditions of employment in the Government, including any political subdivision or instrumentality thereof, are governed by law and it is declared to be the policy of the Government that the employees therein shall not strike for the purpose of securing changes in their terms and conditions of employment. Such employees, however, may belong to any labor organization which does not impose the obligation to strike or to join strikes: Provided, That, this section shall apply only to employees employed in governmental functions and not to those employed in proprietary functions of the Government including, but not limited to, governmental corporations. REPUBLIC ACT No. 3350

4) Secretary, Department of Justice Member 5) Secretary, Department of Budget and Management Member The Council shall implement and administer the provisions of this Executive Order. For this purpose, the Council shall promulgate the necessary rules and regulations to implement this Executive Order. VIII. Settlement of Disputes Sec. 16. The Civil Service and labor laws and procedures, whenever applicable, shall be followed in the resolution of complaints, grievances and cases involving government employees. In case any dispute remains unresolved after exhausting all the available remedies under existing laws and procedures, the parties may jointly refer the dispute to the Council, for appropriate action. IX. Effectivity Sec. 17. This Executive Order shall take effect immediately. AN ACT AMENDING PARAGRAPH (4), SUBSECTION (a) OF SECTION FOUR OF REPUBLIC ACT NUMBERED EIGHT HUNDRED SEVENTY-FIVE. Section 1. Paragraph (4), subsection (a) of Section four of Republic Act Numbered Eight hundred seventy-five is hereby amended by providing an exception to the application of the proviso, and as amended should read as follows: "(4) Provided, That nothing in this Act or in any Act or statute of the Republic of the Philippines shall preclude an employer from making an agreement with a labor organization to require as a condition of employment membership therein, if such labor organization is the representative of the employees as provided in Section twelve, but such agreement shall not cover members of any religious sects which prohibit affiliation of their members in any such labor organization." Section 2. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. Enacted, without Executive approval, June 18, 1961. Republic Act No. 6715 March 2, 1989

AN ACT TO EXTEND PROTECTION TO LABOR, STRENGTHEN THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF WORKERS TO SELF-ORGANIZATION, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AND PEACEFUL CONCERTED ACTIVITIES, FOSTER INDUSTRIAL PEACE AND HARMONY, PROMOTE THE PREFERENTIAL USE OF VOLUNTARY MODES OF SETTLING LABOR DISPUTES, AND REORGANIZE THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, AMENDING FOR THESE PURPOSES CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 442, AS AMENDED, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFORE AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

Section 16. Paragraphs (c) and (j) of Article 241 of the same Code are amended to read as follows: (c) The members shall directly elect their officers in the local union, as well as their national officers in the national union or federation to which they or their local union is affiliated, by secret ballot at intervals of five (5) years. No qualification requirement for candidacy to any position shall be imposed other than membership in good standing in subject labor organization. The secretary or any other responsible union officer shall furnish the Secretary of Labor and Employment with a list of the newly-elected officers, together with the appointive officers or agents who are entrusted with the handling of funds within thirty (30) calendar days after the election of officers or from the occurrence of any change in the list of officers of the labor organization; "(j) Every income or revenue of the organization shall be evidenced by a record showing its source, and every expenditure of its funds shall be evidenced by a receipt from the person to whom the payment is made, which shall state the date, place and purpose of such payment. Such record or receipt shall form part of the financial records of the organization. "Any action involving the funds of the organization shall prescribe after three (3) years from the date of submission of the annual financial report to the Department of Labor and Employment or from the date the same should have been submitted as required by law, whichever comes earlier: Provided, That this provision shall apply only to a legitimate labor organization which has submitted the financial report requirements under this Code: Provided, further, That failure of any labor organization to comply with the periodic financial reports required by law and such rules and regulations promulgated thereunder six (6) months after the effectivity of this Act shall automatically result in the cancellation of union registration of such labor organization.' Section 17. Article 242 of the same Code is amended to read as follows: "Article 242. Rights of legitimate labor organizations. - A legitimate labor organization shall have the right: "(a) To act as the representative of its members for the purpose of collective bargaining; "(b) To be certified as the exclusive representative of all the employees in an appropriate collective bargaining unit for purposes of collective bargaining; "(c) To be furnished by the employer, upon written request, with his annual audited financial statements, including the balance sheet and the profit and loss statement, within thirty (30) calendar days from the date of receipt of the request, after the union has been duly recognized by the employer or certified as the sole and exclusive bargaining representative of the employees in the bargaining unit, or within sixty (60) calendar days before, or during the collective bargaining negotiation. "(d) To own property, real or personal, for the use and benefit of the labor organization and its members; "(e) To sue and be sued in its registered name; and "(f) To undertake all other activities designed to benefit the organization and its members, including cooperative, housing welfare and other projects not contrary to law.

Section 15. Articles 230, 231 and 232 of the same Code are amended to read as follows: Article 230. Appointment of bureau personnel. - The Secretary of Labor and Employment may appoint, in addition to the present personnel of the Bureau and the Industrial Relations Divisions, such number of examiners and other assistants as may be necessary to carry out the purpose of this Code." "Article 231. Registry of unions and file of collective agreements. - The Bureau shall keep a registry of legitimate labor organizations. "The Bureau shall also maintain a file of all collective bargaining agreements and other related agreements and records of settlement of labor disputes, and copies of orders and decisions of voluntary arbitrators or panel of voluntary arbitrators. The file shall be open and accessible to interested parties under conditions prescribed by the Secretary of Labor and Employment, provided that no specific information submitted in confidence shall be disclosed unless authorized by the Secretary, or when it is at issue in any judicial litigation or when public interest or national security so requires. Within thirty (30) days from the execution of a collective bargaining agreement, the parties shall submit copies of the same directly to the Bureau or the Regional Offices of the Department of Labor and Employment for registration accompanied with verified proofs of its posting in two conspicuous places in the place of work and ratification by the majority of all the workers in the bargaining unit. The Bureau or Regional Offices shall act upon the application for registration of such collective bargaining agreement within five (5) calendar days from receipt thereof. The Regional Offices shall furnish the Bureau with a copy of the collective bargaining agreement within five (5) days from its submission. The Bureau or Regional Office shall assess the employer for every collective bargaining agreement a registration fee of not less than one thousand pesos (P1,000.00) or in any other amount as may be deemed appropriate and necessary by the Secretary of Labor and Employment for the effective and efficient administration of the voluntary arbitration program. Any amount collected under this provision shall accrue to the Special Voluntary Arbitration Fund. The Bureau shall also maintain a file, and shall undertake or assist in the publication, of all final decisions, orders and awards of the Secretary of Labor and Employment, Regional Directors and the Commission." Article 232. Prohibition on certification. - The Bureau shall not entertain any petition for certification election or any other action which may disturb the administration of duly registered existing collective bargaining agreements affecting the parties except under Articles 253, 253-A and 256 of this Code.

"Notwithstanding any provision of a general or special law to the contrary, the income, and the properties of legitimate labor organizations, including grants, endowments, gifts, donations and contributions they may receive from fraternal and similar organizations, local or foreign, which are actually, directly and exclusively used for their lawful purposes, shall be free from taxes, duties and other assessments. The exemptions provided herein may be withdrawn only by a special law expressly repealing this provision." Section 18. Article 245 of the same Code, as amended, is hereby further amended to read as follows: "Article 245. Ineligibility of managerial employees to join any labor organization; right of supervisory employees. - Managerial employees are not eligible to join, assist or form any labor organization. Supervisory employees shall not be eligible for membership in a labor organization of the rank-and-file employees but may join, assist or form separate labor organizations of their own." Section 19. The third paragraph of Article 247 of the same Code, as amended, is further amended to read as follows: "Subject to the exercise by the President or by the Secretary of Labor and Employment of the powers vested in them by Articles 263 and 264 of this Code, the civil aspects of all cases involving unfair labor practices, which may include claims for actual, moral, exemplary and other forms of damages, attorney's fees and other affirmative relief, shall be under the jurisdiction of the Labor Arbiters. The Labor Arbiters shall give utmost priority to the hearing and resolution of all cases involving unfair labor practices. They shall resolve such cases within thirty (30) calendar days from the time they are submitted for decision." Section 20. Article 250 of the same Code is amended to read as follows: "Article 250. Procedure in collective bargaining. - The following procedures shall be observed in collective bargaining: "(a) When a party desires to negotiate an agreement it shall serve a written notice upon the other party with a statement of its proposals. The other party shall make a reply thereto not later than ten (10) calendar days from receipt of such notice; "(b) Should differences arise on the basis of such notice and reply, either party may request for a conference which shall begin not later than ten (10) calendar days from the date of request; "(c) If the dispute is not settled, the Board shall intervene upon request of either or both parties or at its own initiative and immediately call the parties to conciliation meetings. The Board shall have the power to issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of the parties to such meetings. It shall be the duty of the parties to participate fully and promptly in the conciliation meetings the Board may call; "(d) During the conciliation proceedings in the Board, the parties are prohibited from doing any act which may disrupt or impede the early settlement of the disputes; and "(e) The Board shall exert all efforts to settle disputes amicably and encourage the parties to submit their case to a voluntary arbitrator."

Section 21. There shall be incorporated after Article 253 of the same Code a new article which shall read as follows: "Article 253-A. Terms of a collective bargaining agreement. - Any collective bargaining agreement that the parties may enter into shall, insofar as the representation aspect is concerned, be for a term of five (5) years. No petition questioning the majority status of the incumbent bargaining agent shall be entertained and no certification election shall be conducted by the Department of Labor and Employment outside of the sixty-day period immediately before the date of expiry of such five year term of the collective bargaining agreement. All other provisions of the collective bargaining agreement shall be renegotiated not later than three (3) years after its execution. Any agreement on such other provisions of the collective bargaining agreement entered into within six (6) months from the date of expiry of the term of such other provisions as fixed in the collective bargaining agreement, shall retroact to the day immediately following such date. If any such agreement is entered into beyond six months, the parties shall agree on the duration of retroactivity thereof. In case of a deadlock in the renegotiation of the collective bargaining agreement, the parties may exercise their rights under this Code." Section 22. Article 255 of the Labor Code, as amended, is hereby amended to read as follows: "Article 255. Exclusive bargaining representation and workers' participation in policy and decision-making. - The labor organization designated or selected by the majority of the employees in an appropriate collective bargaining unit shall be the exclusive representative of the employees in such unit for the purpose of collective bargaining. However, an individual employee or group of employees shall have the right at any time to present grievances to their employer. "Any provision of law to the contrary notwithstanding, workers shall have the right, subject to such rules and regulations as the Secretary of Labor and Employment may promulgate, to participate in policy and decision-making processes of the establishment where they are employed insofar as said processes will directly affect their rights, benefits and welfare. For this purpose, workers and employers may form labor-management councils: Provided, That the representatives of the workers in such labor-management councils shall be elected by at least the majority of all employees in said establishment." Section 23. Article 256 of the same Code, as amended, is further amended to read as follows: "Article 256. Representation issue in organized establishments. - In organized establishments, when a verified petition questioning the majority status of the incumbent bargaining agent is filed before the Department of Labor and Employment within the sixty-day period before the expiration of a collective bargaining agreement, the MedArbiter shall automatically order an election by secret ballot when the verified petition is supported by the written consent of at least twentyfive percent (25%) of all the employees in the bargaining unit to ascertain the will of the employees in the appropriate bargaining unit. To have a valid election, at least a majority of all eligible voters in the unit must have cast their votes. The labor union receiving the majority of the valid votes cast shall be certified as the exclusive bargaining agent of all the workers in the unit. When an election which provides for three or more choices results in no choice receiving a majority of the valid votes cast, a run-off election shall be conducted between the labor unions receiving the two highest number of votes: Provided, That the total number of votes for all contending unions is at least fifty per cent (50%) of the number of votes cast.

At the expiration of the freedom period, the employer shall continue to recognize the majority status of the incumbent bargaining agent where no petition for certification election is filed." Section 24. Article 257 of the same Code is amended to read as follows: Article 257. Petitions in unorganized establishment. - In any establishment where there is no certified bargaining agent, a certification election shall automatically be conducted by the MedArbiter upon the filing of a petition by a legitimate labor organization." Section 25. Article 259 of the same Code is also hereby amended to read as follows: Article 259. Appeal from certification election orders. - Any party to an election may appeal the order or results of the election as determined by the Med-Arbiter directly to the Secretary of Labor and Employment on the ground that the rules and regulations or parts thereof established by the Secretary of Labor and Employment for the conduct of the election have been violated. Such appeal shall be decided within fifteen (15) calendar days. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 1391 AMENDING BOOK V OF THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES TO INSURE SPEEDY LABOR JUSTICE AND FURTHER STABILIZE INDUSTRIAL PEACE. WHEREAS, Book V of the Labor Code of the Philippines was designed to develop conciliation and arbitration as substitutes for strikes and lookouts in the settlement of labor disputes; WHEREAS, the six-level dispute settlement machinery established under Book V of the Labor Code of the Philippines and its bias for judicial rather than administrative procedures have undermined the effectiveness in developing speedy labor justice; WHEREAS, delay in the resolution of labor disputes is not only unjust to workers and employers alike but also to the whole pursuit of development and justice in the New Society; WHEREAS, the National Tripartite Conference on Wages, Employment and Labor Relations held in Tagaytay City on 25-27 May 1978 has recommended the following solutions to the problem; 1. Reduce the stages in the dispute settlement machinery from the present six (6) to only two (2); 2. Limit all petitions for certification election, disaffiliation, and intervention to the 60-day freedom period before the expiration of a collective bargaining agreement; 3. Emphasize the use of administrative rather than judicial procedures in labor dispute settlement; NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Republic of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby decree the following: 1. All Labor Arbiters in the regions are hereby integrated into the Regional Offices of the Department of Labor and placed under the direct administrative control and supervision of the Regional Directors of the Department of Labor.

2. The Secretary of Labor, and, in his absence or by virtue of the authority, the Undersecretary of Labor, shall act as the Chairman of the National Labor Relations Commission. 3. The composition of the Commission is hereby increased from the present seven (7) to ten (10) including the Secretary of Labor or in his absence or by virtue of his authority, the Undersecretary of Labor, the additional three (3) members to represent labor, management and the public and to constitute the third NLRC division. 4. The Chairman of the first division shall act as Vice-Chairman of the Commission and shall be the day to day administrator of the Commission. 5. Appeals from the NLRC to the Secretary of Labor under the present setup is hereby eliminated but the President of the Philippines may continue to exercise his powers under P.D. No. 442 as amended. 6. No petitions for certification election, for intervention, disaffiliation shall be entertained or given due course except within the 60-day freedom period immediately preceding the expiration of a collective bargaining agreement. 7. All provision of law or jurisprudence inconsistent with this decree are hereby repealed. 8. The Secretary of Labor shall promulgate rules and regulations for the effective implementation of this decree. Done in the City of Manila, this 29th day of May in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-eight. Republic Act No. 9481 AN ACT STRENGTHENING THE WORKERS' CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO SELF-ORGANIZATION, AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 442, AS AMENDED, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SECTION 1. Article 234 of Presidential Decree No. 442, as amended, otherwise known as the Labor Code of the Philippines, is hereby further amended to read as follows: "ART. 234. Requirements of Registration. - A federation, national union or industry or trade union center or an independent union shall acquire legal personality and shall be entitled to the rights and privileges granted by law to legitimate labor organizations upon issuance of the certificate of registration based on the following requirements: (a) Fifty pesos (P50.00) registration fee; (b) The names of its officers, their addresses, the principal address of the labor organization, the minutes of the organizational meetings and the list of the workers who participated in such meetings; (c) In case the applicant is an independent union, the names of all its members comprising at least twenty percent (20%) of all the employees in the bargaining unit where it seeks to operate;

(d) If the applicant union has been in existence for one or more years, copies of its annual financial reports; and (e) Four copies of the constitution and by-laws of the applicant union, minutes of its adoption or ratification, and the list of the members who participated in it." SEC. 2. A new provision is hereby inserted into the Labor Code as Article 234-A to read as follows: "ART. 234-A. Chartering and Creation of a Local Chapter. - A duly registered federation or national union may directly create a local chapter by issuing a charter certificate indicating the establishment of the local chapter. The chapter shall acquire legal personality only for purposes of filing a petition for certification election from the date it was issued a charter certificate. The chapter shall be entitled to all other rights and privileges of a legitimate labor organization only upon the submission of the following documents in addition to its charter certificate: (a) The names of the chapter's officers, their addresses, and the principal office of the chapter; and (b) The chapter's constitution and by-laws: Provided, That where the chapter's constitution and by-laws are the same as that of the federation or the national union, this fact shall be indicated accordingly. The additional supporting requirements shall be certified under oath by the secretary or treasurer of the chapter and attested by its president." SEC. 3. Article 238 of the Labor Code is hereby amended to read as follows: "ART. 238. Cancellation of Registration. - The certificate of registration of any legitimate labor organization, whether national or local, may be cancelled by the Bureau, after due hearing, only on the grounds specified in Article 239 hereof." SEC. 4. A new provision is hereby inserted into the Labor Code as Article 238-A t o read as follows: "ART. 238-A. Effect of a Petition for Cancellation of Registration. - A petition for cancellation of union registration shall not suspend the proceedings for certification election nor shall it prevent the filing of a petition for certification election. In case of cancellation, nothing herein shall restrict the right of the union to seek just and equitable remedies in the appropriate courts." SEC. 5. Article 239 of the Labor Code is amended to read as follows: "ART. 239. Grounds for Cancellation of Union Registration. - The following may constitute grounds for cancellation of union registration: (a) Misrepresentation, false statement or fraud in connection with the adoption or ratification of the constitution and by-laws or amendments thereto, the minutes of ratification, and the list of members who took part in the ratification;

(b) Misrepresentation, false statements or fraud in connection with the election of officers, minutes of the election of officers, and the list of voters; (c) Voluntary dissolution by the members." SEC. 6. A new provision, Article 239-A is inserted into the Labor Code to read as follows: "ART. 239-A. Voluntary Cancellation of Registration. - The registration of a legitimate labor organization may be cancelled by the organization itself. Provided, That at least two-thirds of its general membership votes, in a meeting duly called for that purpose to dissolve the organization: Provided, further, That an application to cancel registration is thereafter submitted by the board of the organization, attested to by the president thereof." SEC. 7. A new provision, Article 242-A is hereby inserted into the Labor Code to read as follows: "ART. 242-A. Reportorial Requirements. - The following are documents required to be submitted to the Bureau by the legitimate labor organization concerned: (a) Its constitution and by-laws, or amendments thereto, the minutes of ratification, and the list of members who took part in the ratification of the constitution and by-laws within thirty (30) days from adoption or ratification of the constitution and by-lam or amendments thereto; (b) Its list of officers, minutes of the election of officers, and list of voters within thirty (30) days from election; (c) Its annual financial report within thirty (30) days after the close of every fiscal year; and (d) Its list of members at least once a year or whenever required by the Bureau. Failure to comply with the above requirements shall not be a ground for cancellation of union registration but shall subject the erring officers or members to suspension, expulsion from membership, or any appropriate penalty." SEC. 8. Article 245 of the Labor Code is hereby amended to read as follows: "ART. 245. Ineligibility of Managerial Employees to Join any Labor Organization; Right of Supervisory Employees. - Managerial employees are not eligible to join, assist or form any labor organization. Supervisory employees shall not be eligible for membership in the collective bargaining unit of the rank-and-file employees but may join, assist or form separate collective bargaining units and/or legitimate labor organizations of their own. The rank and file union and the supervisors' union operating within the same establishment may join the same federation or national union." SEC. 9. A new provision, Article 245-A is inserted into the Labor Code to read as follows: "ART. 245-A. Effect of Inclusion as Members of Employees Outside the Bargaining Unit. - The inclusion as union members of employees outside the bargaining unit shall not be a ground for the cancellation of the registration of the union. Said employees are automatically deemed removed from the list of membership of said union."

SEC. 10. Article 256 of the Labor Code is hereby amended to read as follows: "ART. 256. Representation Issue in Organized Establishments. - In organized establishments, when a verified petition questioning the majority status of the incumbent bargaining agent is filed by any legitimate labor organization including a national union or federation which has already issued a charter certificate to its local chapter participating in the certification election or a local chapter which has been issued a charter certificate by the national union or federation before the Department of Labor and Employment within the sixty (60)day period before the expiration of the collective bargaining agreement, the Med-Arbiter shall automatically order an election by secret ballot when the verified petition is supported by the written consent of at least twenty-five percent (25%) of all the employees in the bargaining unit to ascertain the will of the employees in the appropriate bargaining unit. To have a valid election, at least a majority of all eligible voters in the unit must have cast their votes. The labor union receiving the majority of the valid votes cast shall be certified as the exclusive bargaining agent of all the workers in the unit. When an election which provides for three or more choices results in no choice receiving a majority of the valid votes cast, a runoff election shall be conducted between the labor unions receiving the two highest number of votes: Provided, That the total number of votes for all contending unions is at least fifty percent (50%) of the number of votes cast. In cases where the petition was filed by a national union or federation, it shall not be required to disclose the names of the local chapter's officers and members. At the expiration of the freedom period, the employer shall continue to recognize the majority status of the incumbent bargaining agent where no petition for certification election is filed." SEC. 11. Article 257 of the Labor Code is hereby amended to read as follows: "ART. 257. Petitions in Unorganized Establishments. - In any establishment where there is no certified bargaining agent, a certification election shall automatically be conducted by the MedArbiter upon the filing of a petition by any legitimate labor organization, including a national union or federation which has already issued a charter certificate to its 1ocal/chapter participating in the certification election or a local/chapter which has been issued a charter certificate by the national union or federation. In cases where the petition was filed by a national union or federation, it shall not be required to disclose the names of the local chapter's officers and members." SEC. 12. A new provision, Article 258-A is hereby inserted into the Labor Code to read as follows: "ART. 258-A. Employer as Bystander. - In all cases, whether the petition for certification election is filed by an employer or a legitimate labor organization, the employer shall not be considered a party thereto with a concomitant right to oppose a petition for certification election. The employer's participation in such proceedings shall be limited to: (1) being notified or informed of petitions of such nature; and (2) submitting the list of employees during the pre-election conference should the Med-Arbiter act favorably on the petition."