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You are here: School My Classes Algebra 1






Aug 30: Linear Equations with Multiple Variables

Week 6 Readings: Chapter 5 Week 7 Readings: Chapter 6 Week 6 Transcript

Alcumus Topics

Systems of Linear Equations - Two-Variable Word Problems Systems of Linear Equations - Solving TwoVariable Systems

Completed Completed

Week 6 Challenge Problems (Due Sep 7) You have completed 10 of 10 challenge problems for this week, earning 54 of 70 points. Scoring: Each short answer question is worth 7 points on the first attempt, 5 points on the second attempt, 3 points on the third attempt, and 1 point for all subsequent attempts. The writing problems are scored from 0 to 7. Score: 7/7 Problem 1

Find the ordered pair Your responses: that satisfies the system of equations


9,6 - Correct Solution: Adding the first equation and second equation, we get second equation from the first equation, we get is Score: 7/7 Problem 2 . , so , so . Subtracting the . Therefore, the solution

Solve the system of equations Your responses:


-2,-3 - Correct Solution: Substituting left side gives into Score: 5/7 Problem 3 gives into the first equation gives , so and , so . Substituting this . . Simplifying the

Find the ordered pair Your responses: that satisfies the system


-35/15,-19/15 - Incorrect -32/15,-19/15 - Correct Solution: We eliminate the fraction from the first equation by multiplying both sides by 4, and we simplify the second equation by dividing both sides by 3, and we have Solving the first equation for equation gives so pair is Score: 7/7 Problem 4 gives Notice

that we also rearranged the second equation by putting the variables in alphabetical order. , and substituting this in the second , , so the desired ordered gives Simplifying the left side gives . Substituting this into .



For what value of the constant solutions? Your responses:

does the system

have infinitely many

14 - Correct Solution: Adding to both sides of the second equation, we have If Multiplying the first

equation by 2 gives

is anything but 14, then these two equations can , then the two equations

never both be satisfied, so the system has no solutions. If are the same, and the system has infinitely many solutions. Score: 5/7 Problem 5

A pen and a pencil together cost $1.10. The pen costs a dollar more than the pencil. How much does the pen cost? Your responses:


$1 - Incorrect 1.05 - Correct Solution: Let Then and be the cost of the pen and pencil, respectively, in cents. and . Adding both equations, we get . (The pencil costs 5 cents.) , so .

Therefore, the pen costs Score: 7/7 Problem 6

My father is currently 13 times as old as my daughter. Next year, my father will be 11 times as old as my daughter. How many years old is my father now?


Your responses:

65 - Correct Solution: Let so Substituting Then Score: 1/7 Problem 7 , we get . Therefore, my father is and be the current ages of my father and my daughter, respectively, so years old and my daughter will be , or , so . , which means . years old, . Next year, my father will be

years old and my daughter is 5 years old.

Jenny's favorite positive integer has two digits. If she reverses the digits, the new number is 27 less than her favorite number. If she instead halves the tens digit and triples the units digit of her favorite number, the new number she forms is 18 less than her favorite number. What is Jenny's favorite number? Problem Hints: How can you write a mathematical expression that equals a number with tens digit units digit ? and


Your responses:

74 - Incorrect 52 - Incorrect 25 - Incorrect 47 - Incorrect 41 - Correct Solution: Suppose Jenny's number has tens digit and units digit , so her number equals , and the number , or . . Then, the number formed by reversing the number's digits is formed by halving the tens digit and tripling the units digit is

From the information in the problem, we have the system Simplifying the left sides gives Multiplying this by to Substituting Score: 5/7 Problem 8 gives and gives us gives into eliminates Dividing the first equation by 9 gives . Adding this equation , so . . , so Jenny's favorite number is .

One ordered pair value of satisfies the two equations and . What is the in this ordered pair?


Note: You can enter radicals with the \sqrt command. For example, \sqrt[3]{5} gives you . Therefore, you can enter as "2\sqrt[4]{6}".

Problem Hints: Two common strategies for solving systems are substitution and elimination. How can you use these here? Your responses:

3*2^2/3,/sqrt[3]{2} - Incorrect 3*2^2/3 - Correct Solution: Raising the first equation to the fifth power, we get equation by the second equation, we get the first equation, multiplying the top and bottom by Therefore, the solution is Score: 5/7 Problem 9 : . Therefore, the desired value of is . , so . Dividing this . Then from We can simplify this fraction by



Solve each of the following systems of equations: (a) (b) Your Response: We use the substitution method for the 1st system of equations: x+y=-1 -y from both sides to get x=-1-y then:3x=4-3y + 3y to both sides 3x+3y=4 then substitute for x: 3(-1-y)+3y=4 which becomes -3-3y+3y=4 the -3y and 3y cross each other out which leaves: -3=-4 This means that there is no solution , , . .

The second one is: 3x-4y+2=0 which becomes 3x-4y=-2 when simplified -15x+20y=10 when simplified then you multiply the first one by 5 so we can use the elimination method: 15x-20y=-10 -15x+20y=10 so now you can see they all cross out: therefore, 0=0 so there is no set solution the solution is infinite. Solution: (a) We put all the variables on the left sides of the equations, and the constants on the right sides, and we have Multiplying the first equation by 3, we get . Since cannot be equal to . .

But according to the second equation, both

and 4, the system is inconsistent, so it has

(b) We put all the variables on the left sides of the equations, and the constants on the right sides, and we have get has an infinite number of solutions. To express these solutions, set . Then from the first equation, Multiplying the first equation by , we

, which is the same as the second equation. Therefore, the system

Thus, the solutions are given by Score: 5.0 Comments: A.) Great job on your substitution to conclude that there are no solutions. B.) While it is true that there are infinitely many solutions, not all ordered pairs solutions! Try actually describe the pairs represent Score: 5/7 Problem 10 in terms of ? for example. Is that a solution to the equations? You can that work in a set. Here's a hint: let . How can you are

Find all ordered pairs Your Response: add equations 2a = 8b a = 4b replace a with 4b in one of the original equations.lets choose equation 1 4b + 4b(b^3) = 40b 4b + 4b^3 = 40b 4b^3 - 36b = 0 b(b^2 - 36) = 0 b(b - 6)(b + 6) = 0 that satisfy the following system of equations:


b = 0, 6, - 6 now replace b with 0, 6 and - 6 and find corresponding a. let's use equation 1 for b = 0 a + ab^2 = 40b 0 + a(0)= 40(0) a = 0 so (0,0) for b = 6 a + ab^2 = 40b a + 36a = 240 37a = 240 a = 240/37 so (240/37, 6) for b = - 6 a + ab^2 = 40b a + 36a = - 260 37a = - 260 a = - 260/36 so ( - 260/37, - 6) Solution: Adding the two equations eliminates Substituting gives gives system. One solution to is , which gives , and thus is one and leaves , so , so , and dividing by . . Dividing again

into the first equation gives . Note that substituting , which simplifies to . So any solution to , with

both sides by 4 gives

into the second equation , will be a solution of our original

possible solution to the original system. On the other hand, if from which we get When system. , we have , then we can divide both sides of and . , giving as another solution to the by to get ,

When system.

, we have

, giving

as another solution to the

So, our three solutions are Score: 5.0 Comments: Almost, but not quite. You have all the right steps, but you forgot to factor the in . You should get and consequently, . your possibilities for term as your next equation. This should change

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