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Assignment

Prove that

2tan

x

1

tan

2

x

1

2cos

2

x

1

cos

x

sin

x

cos

x

sin

.

x

Submit in your recit class tomorrow.

Chapter 3.7
Equations Involving Circular

and Inverse Circular Functions

Types of Equations

Ide ntit ie s are satisfied by all values of the

unknown arc length for which the functions

are defined.

sin

x

csc

x

1

is an id e

ntity

.

Types of Equations

Conditional eq uation s are satisfied only by

particular values of the unknown arc length.

sin x

0 is a conditional eq

uatio .

n

Solution Set

An equation involving circular functions may

have infinitely many solutions.

For example,

cos

0

The solution set of this equation is

k
2

k is an odd integer

Fundamental Solution Set

However, we will only consider the

fundamental solution set.

The

fundamental solution se t

FSS

of an

equation involving circular functions is the

set of all solutions of the equation in

0 2

,

.

Fundamental Solution Set

Hence, the fundamental solution se

cos

0 is FSS

3

 

2

,

2

.

t FSS

of

Example 4.6.1

Find the FSS for each equation.

 1. 1  2sin x  0 2sin x  1

sin x

1

2

x

5

11

6

,

6

FSS  

5

11

6

,

6

2.

 sin x sin x sin x

2sin

x

cos

1

0

2cos x

x

0,

x

0

0

 1  2cos x  0  2cos x  1

FSS

0,

3

,

,

5

3

 1 2  5  3 , 3

cos x

x

2.

sec

2

sec

2

 

0

Let

u

sec

u

2

2



u

0

u

2



u

1

 2 0 2   2   1 2  5  3 , 3    5  3 , 3

u

 

u

sec

cos

FSS

,

0

 or u 1   0 u  1 sec   1 cos   1   

3.

 2tan 2 x 2tan 2 x 3tan 2 x 3tan 2 x tan 2 x 

sec

2

tan

x

2

2

x

1

 

1

2

1

3

1

tan x

tan

x

1

 

3

3

3

3
3

x

FSS

7

6

,

6

5

7

11

6

,

6

,

6

,

6

2

tan

x

3
x

3
5
11
,
6
6

4.

 2  2cos x  2  2cos x  2  2cos x  2  2cos x 

sin

sin

sin

2

2

2

1

 x  0 x x  0 cos 2 x

cos

2

x

2cos

x

 

1

0

cos

x

1

 cos x cos x x   FSS 

1

 

 1



2

0

0

0

5.

 sec x  1  cos x 1  sin x cos x 1  sin x

tan

0

x

sin x

0

cos x

0

0

sin

x



x

3

2

1

FSS 

3

2

is an extraneous solution.

6. sin

2 x

2sin

x

cos

 sin x  0 x  sin x

sin

x

2cos

x  

1

Verify that

FSS

0

0

0,

,

2

3

,

4

3

7. 2cos

2cos

2

2

 

2

x

 

2

x

cos 2

x

cos 2

x

0

 0 x   2  0  2 x  4 
  cos 2  cos 2 x x      2cos 2  0 3  x   1   0  2cos 2  cos 2 x  x    5  1   1 2 0 2 x  2 x  2 , 2 3 , 3 5  7  7  11  2 , 2 3 , 3 x   4 3  5  7  x   5  7  11  , 4 , 4 , 4 6 , 6 , 6 , 6 FSS     3  5  7  5  7  11   6 , 4 , 4 , 6 , 6 , 4 , 4 , 6

8.

 2  1  x  2 2  1  1 x  2 4  1   2 x  1 x   1 2 2  5   6 , 6  5  3 , 3   5   3 , 3

1

1

2

4sin

sin

sin

sin

1

2

x

x

FSS

0

0

 

x

2

1 2

x

sin

1

2

x



1

2

no solution on

0,2

9.

4sin

x

sin x

3

4

3

  Arcsin
Arcsin
4 3 

 3

4

x

Arcsin



3

4

FSS

Arcsin

,



3

4

,

Arcsin



3

4

Arcsin



3

4

TRY THIS

Determine the FSS of the following equations.

1. sin 2

2. cos3

2
2

1

2

2

3. cot 3 0

4. cot cos cos 0

TRY THIS

Determine the FSS of the following equations.

2

5. 2cos 3cos 1 0

2

6. 2sin sin 1 0

3

tan tan 0 8. 2sin 1 0

7.

2

9. 3cos  1

10. sin

1

3