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ASVAB Paragraph Comprehension Practice Test

Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in traveling a certain distance on skates. Types of speed skating are long track speed skating, short track speed skating, and marathon speed skating. Short track speed skating takes place on a smaller rink, normally the size of an ice hockey rink. Distances are shorter than in long track racing, with the longest Olympic race being 3000 meters. Races are usually held as knockouts, with the best two in heats of four or five qualifying for the final race, where medals are awarded. Disqualifications and falls are not uncommon. The sport originates from pack-style events held in North America and was officially sanctioned in the 1970s, becoming an Olympic sport in 1992. Although this form of speed skating is newer, it is growing faster than long track speed skating, largely because short track can be done on an ice hockey rink rather than a long-track oval. What does the auther cite as the reason that short track speed skating is growing faster than long-track speed skating?

Short track speed skating is more exiting due to frequent disqualifications and falls. Short track speed skating is more exiting because of the shorter tracks and knockout race format. Short track speed skating is newer and appeals to younger skaters.

Short track speed skating can be played in a more accessible venue.

Endemism is the ecological state of being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. Based on this passage, which of the following statements is false?

An organism that is endemic cannot have a cosmopolitan distribution.

Endemism requires an organism be unique to a defined geographic location.

An organism that is indigenous to Australia can be found in India.

An organism that is endemic to Australia can be found in India.

The expert predicted that America's gross domestic product will return to more than 3 percent yearly expansion. For example, Dow Chemical is investing $4 billion in Texas plastics production that will be operational by 2017. Such growth requires cheap oil and natural gas - and "by 2020 or so, the United States will surpass Saudi Arabia in oil output, and Russia in gas." He continued: "The big attraction is the low price of natural gas, the lowest-carbon fossil fuel, which can be produced profitably at about a third the price per unit of energy as other hydrocarbons. That is particularly attractive to chemical companies. It is the raw material for plastics, Styrofoam, tires, sealants, adhesives, films, liquid crystal screens, nylons, polyesters - nearly everything around us." In this passage, what's going to cause America's future growth?

Cheap oil and natural gas

Surpassing Saudi Arabia in oil output, and Russia in gas

Increased plastics production

Dow Chemical's $4 billion investment in Texas plastics production

In 2011, the Ohio Turnpike raised its limit to 70 and recorded its lowest traffic fatality rate ever that year. The higher speed limit attracts travelers to use the safer, limited-access, divided highways of the interstates from more traditional roads. That makes both types of roads safer. Why does increasing the speed limit on interstates make traditional roads safer?

Drivers attracted by the high speed limits of the interstates are reckless and getting them off the traditional roads makes those roads safer Only the safest drivers still choose to drive traditional roads because they don't want to drive as fast After this change there are more police patrolling traditional roads More travelers choose to use interstates which reduces the number of cars on traditional roads

Balluta Bay is a bay on the northeast coast of Malta within St. Julian's. It is a popular recreation spot used for swimming, diving, and water sports, with a triangular pjazza surrounded by cafes and shaded by Judas trees. Its skyline is dominated by the neo-gothic Carmelite Parish Church and the stunning art nouveau Balluta Buildings, which are apartment buildings on the eastern shore, as well as a cluster of terraced townhouses in the local variant of Georgian-style architecture. The south shore of Balluta Bay features Le Meridien St. Julian's Hotel, built on the grounds surrounding the 18th century Villa Cassar Torregiani. In what type of publication would you be most likely to find the above passage?

In a newspaper real estate ad.

In a magazine devoted to water sports.

In a travel guide to Malta.

In a book about historic buildings in Malta.

Solutions

Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in traveling a certain distance on skates. Types of speed skating are long track speed skating, short track speed skating, and marathon speed skating. Short track speed skating takes place on a smaller rink, normally the size of an ice hockey rink. Distances are shorter than in long track racing, with the longest Olympic race being 3000 meters. Races are usually held as knockouts, with the best two in heats of four or five qualifying for the final race, where medals are awarded. Disqualifications and falls are not uncommon. The sport originates from pack-style events held in North America and was officially sanctioned in the 1970s, becoming an Olympic sport in 1992. Although this form of speed skating is newer, it is growing faster than long track speed skating, largely because short track can be done on an ice hockey rink rather than a long-track oval. What does the auther cite as the reason that short track speed skating is growing faster than long-track speed skating?

Short track speed skating is more exiting due to frequent disqualifications and falls. Short track speed skating is more exiting because of the shorter tracks and knockout race format. Short track speed skating is newer and appeals to younger skaters.

Short track speed skating can be played in a more accessible venue.

SOLUTION
The auther states that short track speed skating is growing faster than long track speed skating 'largely because short track can be done on an ice hockey rink rather than a long-track oval' which implies that the ability to be played in a more accessible venue is fueling its growth. In some paragraph comprehension questions it may be easier to eliminate the answers that are false first instead of looking for the one correct answer.

Endemism is the ecological state of being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. Based on this passage, which of the following statements is false?

An organism that is endemic cannot have a cosmopolitan distribution.

Endemism requires an organism be unique to a defined geographic location.

An organism that is indigenous to Australia can be found in India.

An organism that is endemic to Australia can be found in India.

The expert predicted that America's gross domestic product will return to more than 3 percent yearly expansion. For example, Dow Chemical is investing $4 billion in Texas plastics production that will be operational by 2017. Such growth requires cheap oil and natural gas - and "by 2020 or so, the United States will surpass Saudi Arabia in oil output, and Russia in gas." He continued: "The big attraction is the low price of natural gas, the lowest-carbon fossil fuel, which can be produced profitably at about a third the price per unit of energy as other hydrocarbons. That is particularly attractive to chemical companies. It is the raw material for plastics, Styrofoam, tires, sealants, adhesives, films, liquid crystal screens, nylons, polyesters - nearly everything around us." In this passage, what's going to cause America's future growth?

Cheap oil and natural gas

Surpassing Saudi Arabia in oil output, and Russia in gas

Increased plastics production

Dow Chemical's $4 billion investment in Texas plastics production

SOLUTION
After predicting that America's gross domestic product will grow to more than 3 percent yearly expansion the expert states that "such growth requires cheap oil and natural gas".

In 2011, the Ohio Turnpike raised its limit to 70 and recorded its lowest traffic fatality rate ever that year. The higher speed limit attracts travelers to use the safer, limited-access, divided highways of the interstates from more traditional roads. That makes both types of roads safer. Why does increasing the speed limit on interstates make traditional roads safer?

Drivers attracted by the high speed limits of the interstates are reckless and getting them off the traditional roads makes those roads safer Only the safest drivers still choose to drive traditional roads because they don't want to drive as fast After this change there are more police patrolling traditional roads More travelers choose to use interstates which reduces the number of cars on traditional roads

SOLUTION
More travelers using safer interstates increases their safety and reduces traffic on traditional roads. This reduction of travelers on traditional roads make those road safer because there are fewer vehicles on them. None of the other answers relate to the information given in the paragraph.

Balluta Bay is a bay on the northeast coast of Malta within St. Julian's. It is a popular recreation spot used for swimming, diving, and water sports, with a triangular pjazza surrounded by cafes and shaded by Judas trees. Its skyline is dominated by the neo-gothic Carmelite Parish Church and the stunning art nouveau Balluta Buildings, which are apartment buildings on the eastern shore, as well as a cluster of terraced townhouses in the local variant of Georgian-style architecture. The south shore of Balluta Bay features Le Meridien St. Julian's Hotel, built on the grounds surrounding the 18th century Villa Cassar Torregiani. In what type of publication would you be most likely to find the above passage?

In a newspaper real estate ad.

In a magazine devoted to water sports.

In a travel guide to Malta.

In a book about historic buildings in Malta.

SOLUTION
Although this passage could be in any of these publications, the wide range of topics it covers makes it most likely that it's in a travel guide to Malta.

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