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G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A

G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A s p e n S h e l l & Tu b e E x c h a n g e r

G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A
G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A

A Brief Tutorial (and supplement to training and online documentation)

By Tom Ralston, Product Manager; Steve Noe, Marketing Manager, Aspen Technology, Inc.

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

About AspenTech AspenTech is a leading supplier of software that optimizes process manufacturing—for energy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals,

About AspenTech

AspenTech is a leading supplier of software that optimizes process manufacturing—for energy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, engineering and construction, and other industries that manufacture and produce products from a chemical process. With integrated aspenONE ® solutions, process manufacturers can implement best practices for optimizing their engineering, manufacturing, and supply chain operations. As a result, AspenTech customers are better able to increase capacity, improve margins, reduce costs, and become more energy efficient. To see how the world’s leading process manufacturers rely on AspenTech to achieve their operational excellence goals, visit www.aspentech.com.

G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A
G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A

G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A s p e n S h e l l & Tu b e E x c h a n g e r

G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A
  • 1 . B u s i n e s s B a c k g r o u n d

Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger enables optimum design, rating or simulation of shell and tube, double pipe, or multi-tube hairpin exchangers for both the expert and casual user. Integration with process simulators and other AspenTech engineering tools allows for improved overall process optimization through better collaboration across engineering disciplines.

Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger addresses a wide range of application needs, serving both the engineering contractor and the equipment fabricator, with the ability to share models from conceptual design to operational troubleshooting. It facilitates the full range of practical process applications, including reflux condensers, kettle reboilers, thermosyphon reboilers, falling film evaporators, and multi-shell, multi-pass feed-effluent trains. This flexibility allows the process streams to be single phase, boiling or condensing vapors, single component or any mixture with or without non-condensable gases in any condition (including superheated vapor, saturated vapor, or subcooled liquid).

  • 2 . S c o p e o f t h i s D o c u m e n t

This document serves as a simple “getting started” guide, taking you through the most common progression of how the equipment designer would use this standalone equipment design tool. This guide is not meant to be used as the only reference source for documentation. We recommend that a range of other resources be called upon to give the new user a comprehensive view of how to use this capability. This may include:

Online documentation – which can be accessed through the Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating (EDR) software user screens.

AspenTech support website (support.aspentech.com), which contains a wide range of knowledge base items with answers to frequently asked questions.

AspenTech courseware available in classroom and on-line versions, which provide formal training on process modeling and heat transfer technology.

AspenTech business consultants.

Pre-recorded tutorials and webinars that provide another view of the information contained in this document. You will be required to enter your AspenTech support id and password (go to the animated tutorial section on the following for many of these resources: http://support.aspentech.com/webteamasp/My/product.asp?id1=3030&id2=

This document covers standalone use of the Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating program and assumes that the user has Aspen EDR V7.0 or newer installed.

  • 3 . P r o b l e m O v e r v i e w

We have been challenged with designing a shell side condenser containing a mixture of steam and methanol and using water as a coolant. Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger provides the unique capability of automating the design process for optimizing the sizing of the heat exchanger to lowest cost. The design calculation will determine the shell length and diameter, the nozzle sizes, the number of tubes and passes, the number of baffles and baffle cut. Other details such as shell and header type, baffle type, tube type and layout will use program defaults.

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A s p e n S h e l l & Tu b e E x c h a n g e r

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The design logic will optimize the heat transfer against the allowable pressure drop on both the shell and tube sides. The program has built in heuristic rules, which will stop searching once it realizes it has achieved the optimal calculation.

The process data details used for this example are shown in Table 1 below:

Fluid

Hot Side – Steam 40% & Methanol 60%

Cooling Water

Units

Total Flow Rate

Total Flow Rate

12.6

  • 76 kg /s

Total Flow Rate 12.6 76 kg /s

Temperature (In / Out)

Temperature (In / Out)

116

/

77

  • 38 /

82

C

C

Inlet Pressure

Inlet Pressure

1

  • 6.5 bar (abs)

Inlet Pressure 1 6.5 bar (abs)

Allowable Pressure Drop

Allowable Pressure Drop

0.05

  • 0.7 bar

Allowable Pressure Drop 0.05 0.7 bar

Fouling Resistance

0.00018

 

0.00018

m2*K/W

Table 1. Process Data

4 . T h e S t e p - b y - S t e p G u i d e

Launch Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger from the Start button on the Windows Task bar. Select Shell & Tube Exchanger (Shell & Tube) from the New tab and click OK (Figure 1).

Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger will open to its navigator, which will be shown on the left-hand portion of the display. It

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Figure 1. Creating a New file

serves as a table of contents into the input, and once the program is run, the output or results from the calculations. Categories marked with a red (X) contain required information that must be completed in order for the program to run (Figure 2).

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Figure 2. Aspen EDR User Interface

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A s p e n S h e l l & Tu b e E x c h a n g e r

G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A

You can proceed through the input data by either highlighting the individual fields from the navigator or use the

Next (

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) button. Either will automatically take you to the next sequential section that requires input data. Highlight

Application Options and set the Calculation Mode to Design and the Hot Side Fluid to the Shell Side. The user interface

uses the convention of displaying user supplied information in black text and program defaults with red text (Figure 3).

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Figure 3. Application Options

Use the Next (

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) button to navigate to the Process Data form where input data is required. Input fields with a white

background are optional, input fields with a blue background are required, and input fields with a red background are believed to be out of a valid range. The program will run with input supplied with a red background, but it is up to the user to determine if the data entered is correct. Specify the Process Data information from the process information previously provided in the Problem Overview section in Table 1. The red (X) will disappear from the section when all required data in the section has been entered (Figure 4).

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Figure 4. Process Data

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A s p e n S h e l l & Tu b e E x c h a n g e r

G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A

Use the Next (

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) button to navigate to the Hot Stream Compositions section under Property Data. Use the pull down

for the Physical Properties Package to select Aspen Properties (Figure 5).

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Figure 5. Hot Stream Compositions

Click Search Databank to build the component list that contains 60% by weight of methanol and 40% of water. Step 1 – type in the component name, Step 2 – click Find Now, Step 3 – highlight the component, Step 4 – click Add selected compounds. Repeat the same steps to add the second compound water. Click Close after water has been added (Figure 6).

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Figure 6. Hot Stream – Find Compounds

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A s p e n S h e l l & Tu b e E x c h a n g e r

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Specify the appropriate percentage composition for the two compounds (Figure 7).

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Figure 7. Hot Stream – Composition Percentage

Click on the Property Methods tab. Select NRTL from the pull down (Figure 8).

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Figure 8. Hot Stream – Property Method

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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G e t t i n g S t a r t e d — A s p e n S h e l l & Tu b e E x c h a n g e r

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Click on Hot Stream Properties and use the Get Properties button to retrieve the properties from the Aspen Properties package (Figure 9).

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Figure 9. Hot Stream – Properties

Click on Cold Stream Compositions. We are using cooling water for the coolant. Specify 100 for the composition for water (Figure 10).

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Figure 10. Cold Stream – Composition

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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Click on the Property Methods tab. Select STEAMNBS from the pull down to use the ASME steam tables for the properties of water (Figure 11).

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Figure 11. Cold Stream – Property Method

Click on Cold Stream Properties and use the Get Properties button to retrieve the properties from the Aspen Properties package (Figure 12).

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Figure 12. Cold Stream Properties

Save the case – All the required data has been entered, indicated by no red (Xs) remaining for any of the sections in the navigator. It is important to save the dataset. From the menu click File, then Save As. Now you can run by clicking on the

Run button (

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) or from the menu, Run, Run Shell & Tube Exchanger.

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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The heat exchanger selected by the program can be viewed in Results | Results Summary | Optimization Path. Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger will vary the shell size, tube length, number of tube passes, the baffle spacing, baffle cut, number of tubes, and number of shells in series and parallel to arrive at the lowest cost exchanger that provides adequate surface area to meet the duty and pressure drop requirements. The heat exchanger selected will be highlighted and shown as the final exchanger in the optimization path (Figure 13).

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Figure 13. Optimization Path

The intermediate heat exchangers shown in the optimization path combined with the remaining information contained in the Results section provide necessary information to the user that can be used to interact with the program to improve on the initial exchanger design selection. Techniques for fully optimizing exchanger design are covered in our Shell & Tube Exchanger training course.

The Results section contains the thermal details necessary to evaluate the performance and operation of the selected heat exchanger design. Hot and cold side film coefficients, pressure drops, and other basic thermal information can be found by choosing Results then Thermal / Hydraulic Summary and Performance (Figure 14).

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Figure 14. Performance

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger also produces graphical output. The setting plan is quite useful and allows the design engineer to view a dimensional drawing of the heat exchanger selected (Figure 15).

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Figure 15. Graphical Output

4 . F u r t h e r R e s o u r c e s

For further information on this workflow, or any of the individual products or elements covered briefly in this written tutorial, please consult:

Public website:

The following web page provides information on Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating -

http://www.aspentech.com/core/aspen-edr.aspx

Support website:

The support website provides an extensive and growing knowledge base on Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating. The following knowledge base article provides a getting-started location:

http://support.aspentech.com/webteamasp/KB.asp?ID=130722

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights

reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

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Worldwide Headquarters
Worldwide Headquarters

Aspen Technology, Inc. 200 Wheeler Road Burlington, MA 01803 United States

phone: +1–781–221–6400 fax: +1–781–221–6410

info@aspentech.com

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech ® , aspenONE ® , the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence

Regional Headquarters

Houston, TX | USA

phone: +1–281–584–1000

São Paulo | Brazil

phone: +55–11–3443–6261

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phone: +44–(0)–1189–226400

Singapore | Republic of Singapore

phone: +65–6395–3900

Manama | Bahrain

phone: +973–17–50–3000

For a complete list of offices, please visit