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Bioethanol from Biomass Waste

Isroi (http://isroi.com)

Bioethanol

Movie clip

Bioethanol
Renewable Environmental friendly Not compete with food and feed Unblended bioethanol fuel or Blended with gasoline
C2H5OH + 3 O2 2 CO2 + 3 H2O + heat

First Generation Bioethanol

First Generation Bioethanol

Ethanol from sugar (sugarcane, etc) and amylum (starch, casava, corn, etc).

Second Generation Bioethanol

Why lignocellulose?

Why lignocellulose?

Glucose

Starch

Ethanol

Cellulose

Why lignocellulose?
Abundant Renewable Not compete with food and feet

Oil Palm Waste

Abundant and un-use

Mass Balance in Oil Palm Mill

1 ton FFB

230 kg EFB

Problems and Challenges


Lignocellulose
Ethanol

Pretreatment

Hydrolysis

Fermentation

Purification

Waste water

Pretreatment of Lignocelullose
Pretreatments have as a goal to improve the digestibility of the lignocellulosic biomass (Hendriks and Zeeman, 2008).

Mosier et al. (2005)

Pretreatment: Mechanical Physical Chemical

Biological
Combination

Advantages and Disadvantages


Biological pretreatment of EFB by white-rot fungi compared with physical/chemical pretreatment

Advantages Disadvantages No chemical added Take more times Less energy used Need more places More environmental friendly

White-rot Fungi
Enzymes produced by lignocellulytic fungi: Laccase Mangan Peroxidase (Mn P) Lignin Peroxidase (Li P)

White-rot fungi are the only known organisms that, to any extent, mineralize lignin to CO2 and water in pure culture (Gold and Alic, 1993)

Biological Pretreatment
Visual Changes of OPEFB after pretreatment

Untreated

After pretreatment

MyDream

EFB

ETHANOL

Thank You