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Welcome To The pre-project Presentation On float & tuck stitches
Welcome To The
pre-project
Presentation
On float & tuck stitches

Submitted to-

Mr. A.K.M. Mobarok Hossain

Assistant Professor Department of Textile Engineering

Submitted by-

Kazi Sabbir Ahmad

Submitted to- Mr. A.K.M. Mobarok Hossain Assistant Professor Department of Textile Engineering Submitted by- Kazi Sabbir

I.D: 09.02.06.053 & Nusrat Jahan Moon I.D: 09.02.06.098

4 TH YEAR 2 nd SEMESTER Department of Textile

Engineering

Knitting

According to the Textile Terms & Definitions “Knitting is the process of forming a fabric by intermeshing of loops of yarn”.

Stitches

There are three principal stitches which are

utilised in knit fabrics:

  • Knit

  • Tuck

  • Miss

These three stitches, or combinations of them appearing in the same fabric, form the basis of all knitted fabrics.

Stitches

These

different

stitches

are

produced

by

controlling the height of the needles and the

individual selection of needles enable knit, tuck or miss stitches to be formed.

Lets come to know about Needle positions for the production of three stitch types
Lets come to
know about
Needle
positions for
the
production of
three stitch
types

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Fig : Three needle positions for the production of three stitch types. 7

Fig : Three needle positions for the production of three stitch types.

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Lets come to know How needle moves up & down
Lets come to
know
How needle
moves up &
down

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Knit Stitch

When the needle is raised sufficiently high

by the

camming action to obtain the yarn in the hooked portion

of the needle & the old loop is below the latch i.e., old

loop is cleared, a knit stitch will be formed as the needle descends.

Knit Stitch When the needle is raised sufficiently high by the camming action to obtain the

Float Stitch

A miss loop occurs only if the yarn is presented to the needle but is not

taken by it. Here the needle is not activated upwards to receive the yarn

that is presented to it & hence it will retain its old loop in the hook.

Float Stitch A miss loop occurs only if the yarn is presented to the needle but

Loop formation process of float stitch

Loop formation process of float stitch 12

Maximum possible number of float

  • Under

loops

normal take-down tension & with

normal yarn extensibility, the maximum

number of successive floats on one needle is

four before tension causes yarn rupture & needle damage.

  • Six adjacent needle is usually the maximum

number for a continuous float because of the reduced elasticity & problems of snagged

threads.

Properties & effect of Float Stitch

  • A single float stitch has the appearance of a U-shape on the reverse of the stitch.

  • Structures incorporating float stitches tend to exhibit faint horizontal lines.

  • Float stitch makes the fabric narrower than equivalent all knit fabrics because the wales are drawn closer together by the floats, thus reducing width-wise elasticity & improving fabric stability.

  • The structure also becomes less extensible than either knit or tucked stitch structure because less yarn is available for extensibility which is possible with the looped structure.

  • Fabric also becomes lighter in weight because minimum yarn is used in construction of the structure with float stitches.

  • For the same reason the fabric may appear flimsy or less rigid compared

to one with knit stitches all over.

Application of float stitch

Mainly float stitch is used for designing, when an unwanted colored yarn is to be hidden

from the face side by allowing it to float at the back side.

Combination

of

knitted

and

short float

produces a fabric that does not ravel from the edge and for this reason they are used in welts

of stockings.

Tuck Stitch

When the needle is raised by camming action to obtain yarn in the hook,

but it is not raised high enough to clear the previously formed loop below

the latch, the needle will have two loops in the hook, & a tuck stitch will be formed when it knits at next course.

Tuck Stitch When the needle is raised by camming action to obtain yarn in the hook,
Lets come to know Loop formation process of tuck stitch
Lets come to
know
Loop
formation
process of
tuck stitch

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Maximum possible number of tuck

loops

Successive tucks on the same needle are placed on top of each other at the back of the head of the held loop and each, in turn, assumes a

straighter and more horizontal appearance and theoretically requires less

yarn. Under normal conditions, up to four successive tucks can be accumulated before tension causes yarn rupture or needle damage. The limit is affected by machine design, needle hook size, yarn count, elasticity and fabric take-down tension.

Dependent upon structural fineness, tucking over six adjacent needles is usually the maximum unit before snagging becomes a problem.

Properties & effect of tuck stitch

Tuck stitches appear on the back of a fabric and may be recognised as an inverted V, sometime elongated for two or more courses, depending on

how many times the stitched was tucked.

Tuck stitch structure shows a faint diagonal line effect.It is identifies as its head looks like a hump.

Tuck stitches tends to reduce the length of the fabric and increase its

width (Wales are pushed apart), resulting in the fabric being thicker (yarn

from the tuck stitch lies on top of the preceding stitch) with less extension in the width.

Tuck

stitched structure

is more open & porous than the knit stitched

fabric.

Application of tuck stitches

The tuck stitch

is

used

in

knitted fabric to

create design effects in color, raised surface

texture, or a hole or eyelet effect.

Any questions??? 22

Any questions???

Thank you all

Thank you all 23