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Bringing together Blooms Taxonomy and the SAMR Model The Revised Blooms Taxonomy (left) orders cognitive

objectives (key terms). This visual further defines each of those objectives. The SAMR model (right) visually demonstrates how students should be utilizing technology to enhance learning. Examples: Substitution is having a student type a paper versus write it by hand. Augmentation is the students use of the device for spell check, dictionaries, or response to questions as the primary use of a tool capable of more. Modification is using the device to add to an existing document, presentation, picture, or sound file. Redefinition is applying new knowledge, ideas or information to create shared documents, presentations, pictures, sound files, websites, or combining these file types. Looking at the two models side-by-side can help clarify how to utilize the defined objectives of Blooms Taxonomy to reach the transformational level of Red efinition when using technology. It is expected that students and teachers will flow through the cognitive objectives and the SAMR model. The goal, however, is to achieve the levels of analyzing, evaluating and creating when possible.

Blooms Digital Taxonomy Creating

Key terms

Designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making, programming, filming, animating, Blogging, Video blogging, mixing, remixing, wiki-ing, publishing, video casting, podcasting, directing/producing


Checking, hypothesizing, critiquing, experimenting, judging, testing, directing, monitoring, (blog/vlog) commenting, reviewing, posting, moderating, collaborating, networking, refactoring, (Alpha & beta) testing


Comparing, organizing, deconstructing, attributing, outlining, finding, structuring, integrating, mashing, linking, tagging, validating reverse-engineering, cracking.


Implementing, carrying out, using, executing, running, loading, playing, operating, hacking, uploading, sharing, editing


Interpreting, summarizing, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing, explaining, exemplifying, advanced searches, Boolean searches, blog journaling, twittering, categorizing, commenting, annotating, subscribing

Rubin R. Puentedura

Revision by A. Churches

Recognizing, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving, naming, locating, finding, bullet pointing, highlighting, bookmarking, social networking, social bookmarking, favoriting/local bookmarking, searching, Goggling

This side-by-side model was created by Loui Lord Nelson, Ph.D. (2012) for Bartholomew Consolidated School Corporation, Columbus, Indiana.