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ACKNOWLWDGEMENT

The completion of any task is not only the reward to the persons actively involved in accomplishing it, but also the people involved in inspiring, guiding and helping those people. I take opportunity here to thank all those who have helped me in the completion of this seminar, without whom the seminar indeed would have been, quite a difficult task. I would like to express my deepest gratitude to Prof. H.S.Siyan sir for his able guidance during the course of preparation of this seminar.

Rohit Narain B.Tech. Third Year Electronics and communication Engg.

------------Index-----------1. Abstract-----------------------------------------------------5 2. History------------------------------------------------------6 3. Introduction to cell phone jammer---------------------8 4. Cell phone jamming basics------------------------------8 5. Cell phone jammer device-------------------------------8 6. Design Parameters----------------------------------------9 7. Component cell phone jammer-------------------------11 7.1 Power supply--------------------------------------11 7.2 Circuitry--------------------------------------------12 7.3 Antenna---------------------------------------------12 8. How cell phone jammer work---------------------------12 9. jamming techniques---------------------------------------13 10. Types of cell phone jammer device---------------------14 11. Cell phone jammer applications-------------------------19 12. Cell phone jammer legal issues--------------------------20 13. Alternatives to cell phone jamming---------------------21 14. Conclusion--------------------------------------------------22 15. Bibliography------------------------------------------------2

Abstract

The last few years have witnessed a dramatic boom in the wireless communications industry, hence increasing the number of users of mobile communication devices. This magnified the need for a more efficient and reliable signal scrambler. This paper deals with the Mobile Jamming Technology. The concept of jamming technology is studied in a step-by-step approach. The mobile jammer in the frequency range of 890MHz to 960MHz (GSM) is developed. Its circuit analysis simulation is performed using Speace-spice Software. Antenna simulation is done by using IE3D software [8]. The jammer circuit is designed with minimum cost and high efficiency. The jammer jams the signal within five meter effective radius. Index terms Antenna, Jammer, Wide band frequency.
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History

The rapid proliferation of cell phones at the beginning of 21st century to near ubiquitous status eventually raised problems such as their potential use of invade privacy or contribute to rampant and egregious academic cheating. In addition public black lash privacy or contribute to rampant The rapid proliferation of cell phones at the beginning of the 21st century to near ubiquitous status eventually raised problems such as their potential use to invade privacy or contribute to rampant and egregious academic cheating. In addition public backlash was growing against the intrusive disruption cell phones introduced in daily life. Cell phone jamming devices are an alternative to more expensive measures against cell phones, such as Faraday cages, which are mostly suitable as built in protection for structures. They were originally developed for law enforcement and the military to interrupt communications by criminals and terrorists. The civilian applications were apparent, so over time many companies originally contracted to design jammers for government use switched over to sell these devices to private entities. Since then, there has been a slow but steady increase in their purchase and use, especially in major metropolitan areas.

Cell phone jammer

Introduction to cell phone jammer

Cell phones are everywhere these days. According to the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association, almost 195 million

people in the United States had cell-phone service in October 2005. And cell phones are even more ubiquitous in Europe. It's great to be able to call anyone at anytime. Unfortunately, restaurants, movie theaters, concerts, shopping malls and churches all suffer from the spread of cell phones because not all cell-phone users know when to stop talking. Who hasn't seethed through one side of a conversation about an incredibly personal situation as the talker shares intimate details with his friend as well as everyone else in the area? While most of us just grumble and move on, some people are actually going to extremes to retaliate. Cell phones are basically handheld two-way radios. And like any radio, the signal can be disrupted, or jammed.

Cell Phone Jamming Basics


Disrupting a cell phone is the same as jamming any other type of radio communication. A cell phone works by communicating with the service network through a cell toweras base station. Cell towers divide a city into small areas,or cells. As a cell phone user drives down the street, the signal is handed from tower to tower. Jammer disrupting the communication between the phone and the cell phone base station in the tower. Its called denial-of-service attack. The jammer denies service of the radio spectrum to the cell phone users within range of the jamming device as shown in figure below.

Cell Phone Jamming Device

Jamming devices overpower the cell phone by transmitting a signal on the same frequency and at a high enough power that the two signals collide and cancel each other out. Cell phones are designed to add power if they experience low-level interference, so the jammer must recognize and match the power increase from the phone. Cell phones are full-duplex devices, which means they use two separate frequencies, one for talking and one for listening simultaneously. Some jammers block only one of the frequencies used by cell phones, which has the effect of blocking both. The phone is tricked into thinking there is no service because it can receive only one of the frequencies. Less complex devices block only one group of frequencies, while sophisticated jammers can block several types of networks at once to head off dual-mode or tri-mode phones that automatically switch among different network types to find an open signal. Although different cellular systems process signals differently, all cell-phone networks use radio signals that can be interrupted. GSM, used in digital cellular and PCS-based systems, operates in the 900-MHz and 1800-MHz bands in Europe and Asia and in the 1900-MHz (sometimes referred to as 1.9-GHz) band in the United States. Jammers can broadcast on any frequency.

DESIGN PARAMETERS The distance to be jammed (D)


This parameter is very important in our design, since the amount of the output power of the jammer depends on the area that we need to jam. Later on we will see the relationship between the output power and the distance D. Our design is established upon D=10 meters for DCS 1800 band and D=20 meters for GSM 900 band.

Free space loss {F}


The free-space loss (or path loss) is given by: The maximum free space loss (worst case F) happens when the maximum frequency is used in the above equation. Using 1880 MHz gives: F (dB) =32.44+20 log 0.01 + 20 log 1880 which gives F =58 dB.

Component of Cell Phone Jammers


Electronically speaking, cell-phone jammers are very basic devices. The simplest just have an on/off switch and a light that indicates it's on. More complex devices have switches to activate jamming at different frequencies. Components of a jammer include:---

Power supply
Smaller jamming devices are battery operated. Some look like cell phone and use cell-phone batteries. Stronger devices can be plugged into a standard outlet or wired into a vehicle's electrical system.

Circuitry
The main electronic components of a jammer are:

Voltage-controlled oscillator - Generates the radio signal that


will interfere with the cell phone signal .

Tuning circuit - Controls the frequency at which the jammer


broadcasts its signal by sending a particular voltage to the oscillator.

Noise generator - Produces random electronic output in a


specified frequency range to jam the cell-phone network signal (part of the tuning circuit)

RF amplification (gain stage) - Boosts the power of the radio


frequency output to high enough levels to jam a signal .

Check your phone - If the battery on your phone is okay, and


you'd like to continue your conversation, try walking away from the area. You may be able to get out of the jammer's range with just a few steps.

Antenna
Every jamming device has an antenna to send the signal. Some are contained rical cabinet. On stronger devices, antennas are external to provide longer range and may be tuned for individual frequencies.

How Cell Phone Jammers Work


Cell phone jammers work in a similar way to radio jammers by sending out the same radio frequencies that cell phones operate on. Doing so creates enough interference so that a call cannot connect with a cell phone. There are two types of cell phone jammers currently available. The first type are usually smaller devices that block the signals coming from cell phone towers to individual cell phones. The frequency blocked is somewhere between 800MHz and 1900MHz. Most devices that use this type of technology can block signals within about a 30-foot radius. Cell phones within this range simply show no signal. The second type of cell phone jammer is usually much larger in size and more powerful. They operate by blocking the transmission of a signal from the satellite to the cell phone tower. Some powerful models can block cell phone transmissions within a 5 mile radius. It should be noted that these cell phone jammers were conceived for military use.

Once again, it should be noted that operating or even owning a cell phone jammer is illegal in most municipalities and specifically so in the United States. Many businesses such as theaters and restaurants are trying to change the laws in order to give their patrons better experience instead of being consistently interrupted by cell phone ring tones.

Jamming techniques Type A Device (JAMMERS):


This type of device comes equipped with several independent oscillators transmitting jamming signals capable of blocking frequencies used by paging devices as well as those used by cellular systems control channels for call establishment.

Type B Device (Intelligent Cellular Disablers):


Unlike jammers, Type B devices do not transmit an interfering signal on the control channels. The device, when located in a designated quite area, functions as a detector.

It has a unique identification number for communicating with the cellular base station.

Type C Device (Intelligent Beacon Disablers):


Unlike jammers, Type C devices do not transmit an interfering signal on the control channels. The device, when located in a designated quiet area, functions as a beacon and any compatible terminal is instructed to disable its ringer or disable its operation, while within the coverage area of beacon.

Type D Device (Direct Receive & Transmit Jammers):


This jammer behaves like a small, independent and portable base station, which can directly interact intelligently or unintelligently with the operation of the local mobile phone. The jammer is predominantly in receive mode and will intelligently choose to interact and block the cell. Phone directly if it is within close proximity of the jammer.

Type E Device (EMI Shield - Passive Jamming):


This technique is using EMI suppression techniques to make a room into what is called Faraday cage. Although labor intensive to construct, the Faraday cage essentially Blocks or greatly attenuates, virtually all electromagnetic radiation from entering or leaving the cage - or in this case a target room.

Types of cell phone jammer device


There are many types of cell phone jammer device which is used in our daily life .as we take a example of class room ,where we does not want to use of cell phone than there we can use cell phone jammer device .by this we can produce the interface between the cell phone station and jamming device. resulting it disconnect the cell from base station .and wecan not recive the any calls from base station. o Adjustable cell phone jammer o School &prison phone jammer o Explosion-proof cell phone jammer o Police &military phone jammer o cell phone jammer o Portable cell phone jammer o Remote control cell phone jammer One of the cell phone jammer device is single knight brand ultrathin cell phone jammer

Portable jammer

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Output power Frequency Start up time : 750 Milli Watts. : 900 MHz GSM 800 MHz CDMA/TDMA : 30 Seconds.

Frequency range : 840 - 960 MHz Pulsed RF out put power : + 2 dbm. Indoor coverage : 10 - 20 meters radius, Depending on the strength and type cellular system : Flange mounted BNC. : 170 - 270 vac. : 12v. : 500 mA : power on Signal on

Out put RF connector In put AC voltage Internal DC supply Operational current Indicators

Cell Phone Jammer Applications


Cell phone jamming devices were originally developed for law enforcement and the military to interrupt

communications by criminals and terrorists. The bombs that blew up commuter trains in Spain in March 2004, as well as blasts in Bali in October 2002 and Jakarta in 20 August 2003, all relied on cell phones to trigger explosives. It has been widely reported that a cell-phone jammer thwarted an assassination attempt on Pakistani President Musharraf in December 2003. When President Bush visited London in November 2004, it was reported that British police considered using jammers to protect the president's motorcade through London. During a hostage situation, police can control when and where a captor can make a phone call. Police can block phone calls during a drug raid so suspects can't communicate outside the area. Cell-phone jammers can be used in areas where radio transmissions are dangerous, (areas with a potentially explosive atmosphere), such as chemical storage facilities or grain elevators. The TRJ-89 jammer from Antenna System & Supplies Inc. carries its own electrical generator and can block cellular communications in a 5-mile (8-km) radius.

Corporations use jammers to stop corporate espionage by blocking voice transmissions and photo transmissions from camera phones. On the more

questionable end of the legitimacy spectrum, there are rumors that hotel chains install jammers to block guests' cell-phone usage and force them to use in-room phones at high rates.

Cell Phone Jamming Legal Issues


Jamming is seen as property theft, because a private company has purchased the rights to the radio spectrum, and jamming the spectrum is akin to stealing the property the company has purchased. It also represents a safety hazard because jamming blocks all calls in the area, not just the annoying ones. Jamming a signal could block the call of a babysitter frantically trying to contact a parent or a someone trying to call for an ambulance. The Federal Communications Commission is charged with enforcing jamming laws. However, the agency has not yet prosecuted anyone for cell-phone jamming. Under the U.S. rules, fines for a first offense can range as high as $11,000 for each violation or imprisonment for up to one year, and the device used may also be seized and forfeited to the government. In most countries, it is illegal for private citizens to jam cell-phone transmission, but some countries are allowing businesses and government organizations to install jammers in areas where cell-phone use is seen as a public nuisance. In December 2004, France legalized

cell-phone jammers in movie theaters, concert halls and other places with performances. France is finalizing technology that will let calls to emergency services go through. India has installed jammers in parliament and some prisons. It has been reported that universities in Italy have adopted the technology to prevent cheating. Students were taking photos of tests with their camera phones and sending them to classmates. With phones ringing in movies, weddings and classrooms, it's no wonder people want to tone down the intrusion. So what legally can be done to stop annoying cell-phone use?
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Alternatives to Cell Phone Jamming


While the law clearly prohibits using a device to actively disrupt a cell-phone signal, there are no rules against passive cell-phone blocking. That means using things like wallpaper or building materials embedded with metal fragments to prevent cell-phone signals from reaching inside or outside the room. Some buildings have designs that block radio signals by accident due to thick concrete walls or a steel skeleton. Companies are working on devices that control a cell phone but do not "jam the signal." One device sends incoming calls to voicemail and blocks outgoing calls. The argument is that the phone still works, so it is technically not being jammed. It is a legal gray area that

has not been ruled on by the FCC as of April 2005. Cell-phone alerters are available that indicate the presence of a cell-phone signal. These have been used in hospitals where cell-phone signals could interfere with sensitive medical equipment. When a signal is detected, users are asked to turn off their phones. For a less technical solution, Coudal Partners, a design firm in Chicago, has launched the SHHH, the Society for HandHeld Hushing. At its Web site, you can download a note to hand to people conducting annoying cell-phone conversations, expressing your lack of interest in what they're talking about.

CONCLUSION
On observing the output of the frequency spectrum the VCO output is varies from 890MHz to 960MHz. This output is fed to MMG3001 and it is found that the mobile jammer blocks the mobile signal in 8meter effective radius. All the circuit output are constructed and observed using the Electronic work bench. The simulation result and practical result are found to be approbatory equal. The gain of the project is that we are able to block communication coming into and going out from a GSM phone operating on the 890MHz to 960MHz frequency band. We are also able to reach 8-meter effective blocking radius and keep the cost less. At last we can say every device is acts as good aspects as well as bad aspects. In many place cell phone jammer is useful but at many place it is a problem .for this we can take a example that if at any place cell phone jammer is on than anybody wants to use than there creates some problems. But its overall performance is very good and helpful in our life.

Bibliography

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