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ELECTRIC DRIVES AND CONTROL(ME 2205) II YEAR MECHANICAL By : A.Selvaraj(lect/EEE/REC) PART A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

What is meant by electrical drive? Draw the block diagram of an electrical drive system. Draw the mechanical characteristics of DC series motor. Define plugging in three phase induction motor. Why a starter is necessary for a DC motor? Name the various types of starters commonly used for starting an induction motor. What is static Ward-Leonard drive? State the advantages of DC chopper drives. Mention some of the merits and demerits of AC drives. What is meant by v/f control? Explain about OLR coil Mention different types of three phase motor starters.

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Mention the factors affecting the speed of a DC motor. State the advantages of flux control method. List the various advantages of DC Chopper. Bring out the starting current equation and explain how it Reaches the very high value. What is the need of NVC in starter? Draw the general block diagram of starter circuit. List the various methods of controlling speed of DC shunt Motor. What do you mean by controlled rectifier?

PART B 1. Explain different types of electric drives and its applications to

Industry. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. What are the different classes of motor duty and explain in detail? What are the different electrical braking methods used in electrical Drives? Explain any one method applied to DC shunt motor. Draw and explain the torque speed characteristics of three phase induction motor with necessary equation. Describe the principle of starting of DC shunt motor using power and Control circuit with neat circuit diagram. What do you understand by the term soft start? Explain the soft start Method employed for induction motor? Discuss in brief various conventional methods of speed control of DC motors. Draw and explain some of the commonly used controlled rectifier circuits for DC drive. Explain the method of control of three phase induction motor by (i) (ii) Stator voltage control Frequency control

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Explain with neat sketch the static Kramer variable speed drive system used for slip power recovery. List out the types of starters utilized for three phase squirrel

cage induction motor. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. What type of starter used in three phase slip ring induction motor? What is a controlled rectifier and how the concept is Implemented in DC choppers and mentions its advantages. Explain briefly about typical starting control circuits of DC shunt and Series motors. Explain neatly about the types of speed control methods in DC shunt Motors. Draw and explain neatly about the four types of flux control process in DC series Motor.

Answer ALL Questions PART A (10 2 = 20 Marks) 1. State the advantages of Electric Drive. 2. Give the formula for computing power requirement for a liner movement. 3. Write down the torque equation of a DC shunt motor and give the significance of flux. 4. A 6-pole, 3-phase induction motor operating on a 50 Hz supply has rotor emf frequency as 2 Hz. Determine (a) slip and (b) the rotor speed. 5. Why are centrifugal switches provided on many 1-phase induction motors? 6. Draw the block diagram of soft starter for an induction motor. 7. Compare the chopper control and phase control schemes for DC motor drives. 8. State the different methods of speed control of DC series motor. 9. What is advantage of v/f speed control of Induction Motor? 10. Draw the block diagram of speed control scheme for a slip ring Induction motor. PART B (5 16 = 80 Marks)

11. (a) (i) Briefly explain the various factors that will influence the choice of an electrical drive. (Marks 8) (ii) Explain the method of estimating equivalent continuous power rating of a motor for short time load applications. (Marks 8) Or (b) (i) Explain the different classes of motor duty with the equations. (Marks 8) (ii) The temperature rise of motor after operating for 30 minutes on full load is 20C and after another 30 minutes it becomes 30C on the same load. Find the final temperature rise and time constant. (Marks 8) 12. (a) (i) From electrical characteristic, derive the mechanical characteristic of DC series motor. (Marks 8) (ii) Explain the dynamic braking of DC shunt motor with the required diagram and equations. (Marks 8) Or (b) (i) Derive the Speed-Torque characteristic of 3-phase slip ring induction motor. (Marks 8) (ii) Explain the principle operation of capacitor start and run 1-phase Induction Motor. (Marks 8) 13. (a) (i) With a neat diagram explain the operation of four point starter. Also mention the advantages of this over a three point starter. (Marks 12) (ii) Draw the control circuit for time limit acceleration of DC shunt motor. (Marks 4) Or (b) State the various starting methods of squirrel cage induction motor. Explain any two of them. (Marks 16) 14. (a) (i) Explain the operation of armature control of a DC shunt motor. (Marks 8) (ii) Draw and explain the four quadrant speed control of DC motor using various choppers. (Marks 8) Or (b) (i) With the block diagram explain the operation of armature and field control of DC motor drive using controlled rectifiers. (Marks 12) (ii) Name the different flux control methods adopted for DC series motor. (Marks 4)

15. (a) Explain the operation of speed control techniques employed for 3phase squirrel cage induction motor. (Marks 16) Or (b) What is meant by slip power recovery scheme? Explain with the necessary diagram. (Marks 16) B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 Fifth Semester Electrical and Electronics Engineering EE 2302 ELECTRICAL MACHINES II (Regulation 2008) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 Marks Answer ALL questions PART A (10 2 = 20 Marks) 1. Write the causes of harmonics in the voltage and current waves of electrical machinery? 2. What are conditions for parallel operation of alternators? 3. List the inherent disadvantages of synchronous motor? 4. When is a synchronous motor said to receive 100% excitation? 5. Under what condition, the slip in an induction motor is (a) Negative (b) Greater than one. 6. What are the two fundamental characteristics of a rotating magnetic field? 7. State two advantages of speed control of induction motor by injecting an e.m.f in the rotor circuit. 8. What is the effect of change in input voltage on starting torque of induction motor? 9. What are the drawbacks of the presence of backward rotating magnetic field in a single phase induction motor? 10. What are the demerits of repulsion motor? PART B (5 16 = 80 Marks) 11. (a) (i) Derive the e.m.f. equation of an alternator. Explain pitch factor and distribution factor. (12)

(ii) A 3 phase, 6 pole, star-connected alternator revolves at 1000 r.p.m. The stator has 90 slots and 8 conductors per slot. The flux per pole is 0.05 wb (sinusoidally distributed). Calculate the voltage generated by the machine if the winding factor is 0.96. (4) Or (b) (i) Elaborate the discussion on capability curve with its boundaries of synchronous machine. (8) (ii) Discuss the parallel operation of two alternators with identical speed/load characteristics. (8) 12. (a) (i) Draw the equivalent circuit and phasor diagram of a synchronous motor. (8) (ii) Explain the significance of V and inverted V curves. (8) Or (b) (i) Discuss the methods of starting and procedure for starting synchronous motor. (10) (ii) A 3000 V, 3 phase synchronous motor running at 1500 r.p.m, has its excitation kept constant corresponding to no-load terminal voltage of 3000 V. Determine the power input, power factor and torque developed for all armature current of 250 A if the synchronous reactance is 5 per phase and armature resistance is neglected. (6) 13. (a) (i) Discuss the different power stages of an induction motor with losses. (8) (ii) An 18.65 KW, 4 pole, 50 Hz, 3 phase induction motor has friction and windage losses of 2.5% of the output. Full load slip is 4%. Find for full load (1) rotor copper loss, (2) rotor input (3) shaft torque (4) the gross electromagnetic torque. (8) Or (b) (i) Write a brief note on induction generator. (8) (ii) Write a brief note on double cage rotor induction motors. (8) 14. (a) (i) Explain the speed control of three phase induction motor by pole changing. (8)

(ii) Explain the rotor rheostat control of 3 phase slip ring induction motor. (8) Or (b) Discuss the various starting methods of squirrel cage induction motors. (16) 15. (a) (i) Explain the operation of a single phase induction motor using double field revolving theory. (8) (ii) Explain the operation of shaded pole induction motor with neat diagram. (8) Or (b) (i) Explain the principle and operation of AC series motor. (8) (ii) Explain the principle and operation of reluctance motor and state its applications. (8)
Part A 1.What is the function of starter? 2.List the disadvantage of auto-transfer starter. 3.What do you mean by negative slip.? 4.What are the disadvantage of rotor rheostat speed control method? 5.What do you mean by slip phase motor.? Part B 6. Explain the working of star delta starter and motor resistance starter. (9 marks) 7(a). Double field revolving theory for operation of single phase Induction Motor (16marks) or 7(b). Explain briefly the various speed control scheme of Induction Motor. 1. Why is the field system of an alternator made as a rotor? 2. Compare salient pole rotor and cylindrical pole rotor. 3. What is synchronous reactance? 4. What is hunting? 5. What is the function of slip ring in 3-phase induction motor? 6. How do you reverse the direction of rotation of a 3-phase induction motor? 7. What is the function of capacitor in a single phase induction motor? 8. What is the use of shading coil in the shaded pole motor? 9. Why is the hysteresis motor free from mechanical and magnetic vibrations? 10. What type of motor is used in computer drives and wet grinders? PART B (5 ? 16 = 80 marks) 11. (i) State the requirements for paralleling alternators. (8)

(ii) A 2-pole, 50 Hz, 3-phase, turbo-alternator is excited to generate the bus-bar voltage of 11 kV on no load. The machine is star-connected and the short circuit current for this excitation is 1000 A. Calculate the synchronizing power per degree of mechanical displacement of the rotor and the corresponding synchronizing torque. (8) 12. (a) (i) Explain the operating principle of three phase alternator. (8) (ii) Explain the constructional details of a three phase alternator which is used for slow speed operation. (8) Or (b) (i) What is the effect of armature reaction at different power factors on synchronous machine? (8) (ii) A 3300 V, 3 phase star-connected alternator has a full load current of 100 A. On short circuit a field current of 5 amperes was necessary to produce full-load current. The e.m.f. on open circuit for the same excitation was 900 volts. The armature resistance was /phase. Determine the full-load voltage regulation for (1) 0.8 p.f. lagging (2) 0.8 p.f. leading. (8) 13. (a) (i) Develop the equivalent circuit for 3-phase induction motor. (8) (ii) Explain the different speed control methods of squirrel cage induction motor. (8) Or (b) (i) Describe the principle of operation of synchronous induction motor. (8) (ii) Compute the value of maximum torque in N-m for a 3-phase 440 V star connected 50 Hz, 4 pole induction motor for which and . Also determine the slip corresponding to it. (8) 14. (a) (i) Explain the operation of a single phase induction motor using double revolving field theory. (8) (ii) Describe the constructional features and operating characteristics of single phase shaded pole motor. (8) Or (b) (i) Explain the construction and principle of working of stepper motor. (8) (ii) Explain the principle of operation and applications of reluctance motor. (8) 15. (a) (i) Explain the principle of operation and constructional details of linear induction motor. (10) (ii) List some applications of linear induction motor. (6) Or (b) Write a brief note on : (i) Hysteresis motor. (8) (ii) A.C. series motor. (8)