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ISSUE NO. 21 December 2006

EDITORS ELISABETH A. BACUS 806 Eaglenest Ave. Akron, OH 44303 USA & RASMI SHOOCONGDEJ Dept. of Archaeology Silpakorn University Bangkok 10200 Thailand

Greetings! This issue (only one for this year) includes the final part of Prof. Wilhelm Solheims brief history of Southeast Asian archaeology up to 1960. The Newsletter is again divided into Parts I and II, with the latter devoted to Solheims history. Remember, if you have any suggestions for improving the Newsletter, please let us know. We are continuing to distribute the Newsletter primarily by e-mail, but will continue to send copies by regular mail to our colleagues who are not on e-mail. Please send us contributions for the next issue by 15 May 2007.

Part I
Dougald O'Reilly and Hor Lat, Dean of the Faculty of Archaeology, and the students would like to express their gratitude to those who donated books and articles to the Royal University of Fine Arts in Phnom Penh. These items were deeply appreciated. The library of the Royal University of Fine Arts, Phnom Penh though is still in serious need of archaeology textbooks and other archaeology publications, so please send any such publications to them C/O Dr. Dougald OReilly, HeritageWatch, 33 Sothearos Blvd. Phnom Penh, Cambodia). For further information, contact Dougald at:

THE ANTHONY F. GRANUCCI FUND. This announcement is targeted towards archaeologists who are nationals of Indonesia and Timor Leste. The Anthony F. Granucci Fund,

through the Australian National University (ANU), will make capital available to fund small research grants to qualified applicants. The fund has been established to encourage younger researchers in general those under the age of forty five - who are of Indonesian and Timorese nationality or who are resident in the Republic of Indonesia or the Republic of Timor Leste. Researchers may be in collaboration with non-qualified parties in connection with their projects. The Fund will provide: a) One or more research grants per annum to researchers submitting worthy proposals within the topic area; b) Funds to assist in the translation of papers into English for their publication and dissemination. The topic area shall be the prehistory and protohistory of the geographical area covered at the time of the creation of the fund by the territory of the Republic of Indonesia and the Republic of Timor Leste. For purposes of this fund, prehistory and protohistory shall include the time period beginning from 40,000 BP to and including the early metal age (to 1000 BP). Topics falling outside these geographic and temporal ranges may be considered for prizes and grants when they include a significant aspect inside the range such as, by way of example, interactions between indigenous cultures and Indic influences or comparative studies of issues and material outside and inside the geographical area. Awardees of grants shall be obligated to submit reports on their work and utilisation of funds and to submit a final report or paper in the Indonesian or English languages. If a paper has not been published, a portion of the grant could be used towards the costs of translating the paper into English (if necessary or advisable for broad circulation) and assisting in the publication of the article or paper. The deadline for the next round of funding is 31 December 2006. For further details, see: NSF-ARIZONA ACCELERATOR MASS SPECTROMETRY OUTREACH PROGRAM. The University of Arizona NSF-Arizona Mass Spectrometry Laboratory is announcing a program to foster scholarly research in developing nations. The programs objective is to provide radiocarbon dates at no cost to colleagues who, due to limited funding or limited instrumental infrastructure, would not otherwise have access to accelerator mass spectrometry. Twenty AMS radiocarbon dates per year will be awarded to successful applicants in the fields of archaeology, geoscience, and environmental science. Applications are being accepted from Southeast Asian and the Pacific Island nations at this time. Qualifying nations include Burma, Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, and all indigenous Pacific Nations. Australia, Brunei, French Polynesia, Hong Kong, Hawaii, New Caledonia, and New Zealand are excluded. Application Process. The application process requires the submission of a brief project description, including a detailed description of the samples, their contexts, and their significance (2 pages maximum). Applicants must also submit an NSF-Arizona AMS Laboratory Sample Submission Form and the Dating Agreement Form. These are available on-line at: A single applicant may request up to three (3) AMS dates per project, per year. Closing dates are January 1, May 1 and September 1 in each year, and in each round the committee will allocated approximately one third of the 20 dates available for each calendar year. Successful applications will have several characteristics, crucially: 1) The proposal should show scientific merit and clearly demonstrate that AMS radiocarbon dating is appropriate to address the question at hand. 2) The projects principal investigator should be base d in the country in which the project is conducted, and should be directly and actively involved in conducting and completing the project. Applicants must also agree to publish the dates within scholarly journals and make them freely available to other researchers upon request. Acknowledgement of the program and the NSF-Arizona AMS Laboratory in any papers, reports and publications that develop from the project would be appreciated.

For more information, the following: Felicia Beardsley Dept. of Sociology & Anthropology University of La Verne 1950 3rd Street La Verne, CA USA 91750

feedback, and submission of applications, please contact one of Peter Bellwood School of Arch & Anthropology ANU Canberra ACT 0200 Australia Greg Hodgins NSF-Arizona AMS Laboratory University of Arizona 1118 E Fourth Street Tucson, Arizona USA 85721

SHERD LIBRARY AT NUS. The National University of Singapore Museum, part of the NUS Centre for the Arts, has decided to allocate space to a Sherd Library. This facility will house a wide-ranging reference collection of ceramics from archaeological sites along the Silk Road of the Sea, which linked West, South, Southeast and East Asia. The Sherd Library will provide facilities where scholars and students of all levels from all over the world can view and handle earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware for the purpose of comparative research. For this purpose, the Museum is seeking donations of sherds from as many sites as possible. We hope to collect sherds from all types of archaeological sites, from kilns in their countries of origin, to sherds from shipwrecks and from habitation sites. The Museum would like to solicit donations for this unique facility. The Museum is willing to pay the cost of packing and shipping. We will also provide a copy of the book Earthenware in Southeast Asia in exchange for larger sherd collections. Should donors wish, their names will be prominently displayed (though those who may prefer to remains anonymous may do so), and those using the collection will be required to cite the name of the donor in any publications which make use of their donation. Please address all inquires, suggestions, etc. to: Prof John Miksic, Southeast Asian Studies Programme, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117570. Email:

WEB SITES & BLOGS web blog [Editors note: Announcement of this new blog and of the
following message by the blogs creator, Nuno Vasco Oliveira a PhD student at the Australian National University was intended for the July 2006 issue of the Newsletter. As we were unable to send out an issue last summer, we have included it now]. Message to the EASAA: In the aftermath of the of

situation occurring in East Timor in the past few weeks, which is mostly characterized by political and civil unrest, the Governments institutions are working to a minimum and only slowly getting back to normality. As a consequence, and although this is still confined to the capital city, Dili, logistics such as obtaining authorization from local authorities, renting a car or getting food, became much more difficult thus hindering the possibility of carrying archaeological work in East Timor for the time being. A week ago, and considering that the news published in Australia on the crisis in East Timor did not convey properly much of what was happening, I have decided to create a blog where I constantly try to add information originally published in Portuguese. Distinct languages convey different ways of understanding and explaining the world. In this sense, East Timors past and recent history is one of indubitable richness. Sadly for the Timorese, this axiom represents a problem in itself. Due to its geography and history, East Timor is an island between worlds where people from many different nationalities have recently added to the cultural melting pot that already existed.

An island struggling both internally and externally, East Timor poses an ethical challenge. As a Portuguese researcher working in Canberra, I try to look at it from a non postcolonial perspective. I am well aware, though, of the obvious reasons why I have decided to work there and not anywhere else in Southeast Asia. I am also aware that despite being the fifth most spoken language in the world, Portuguese is very much inaccessible to a wide community of people working in East Timor or interested in East Timorese issues. For that reason, and because I strongly believe that much information published in this language is highly relevant to understand its past and present situation, I have created this blog. East Timor is my own challenge but it is, above all, an international ethical challenge. THE ROYAL TROPICAL INSTITUTE IN AMSTERDAM web site has all Dutch cartographic materials of Java freely available. SOUTHEAST ASIA IN THE MING SHI-LU at - is a unique reference project of the Asia Research Institute and The Singapore E-Press, both of National University of Singapore. This work identifies all of 3000+ references to Southeast Asia contained within the Ming Dynasty reign annals, and provides them to readers in Englishlanguage translation. The database is indexed for place- and personal names, and is fully searchable. In addition to the more obvious polities of maritime and mainland Southeast Asia, the database also includes references to many Yunnan Tai polities that have since been incorporated within the Chinese state. SEAARCH - THE SOUTHEAST ASIAN ARCHAEOLOGY NEWSBLOG at:

THE SOUTHEAST ASIAN ARCHAEOLOGY SCHOLARLY WEBSITE: Please send references (e.g., the list of publications from your CV), to add to the online bibliography, to Joyce White at: Also, to support data entry and maintenance of the Southeast Asian Archaeology Bibliography, please consider making a designated contribution to Friends of Ban Chiang. Current donations are matched dollar for dollar by the Thai Archaeology Challenge Grant of the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. Send your check in US dollars made out to Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania to Joyce White, University Museum, 3260 South Street, Philadelphia PA, 191046324, USA.


ANCIENT BOTANICALS: PAINTINGS OF FLORA, FAUNA AND FOREST ARCHAEOLOGY at the Pang Mapha Highland Archaeology Project Mae Hong Son Province, Northwestern Thailand (between Thailand and Myanmar) by Valentina DuBasky. The Project Ancient Botanicals: Paintings of Flora, Fauna and Forest Archaeology at the Pang Mapha Highland Archaeology Project is a collaborative project between Dr. Rasmi Shoocongdej, Assistant Professor at Silpakorn University, the Principle Investigator of the Highland Archaeology Project, and Artist Valentina DuBasky. The project explores spiritual archaeology through art and supports awareness and preservation of the archaeological environment through public events, exhibitions and workshops. HERITAGEWATCH is set to launch the Heritage Friendly Tourism Campaign in conjunction with the Ministry of Tourism in Cambodia. The campaign seeks to promote responsible tourism

and encourage businesses in Cambodia to support the arts, culture, heritage and development sectors. Businesses that contribute to these sectors are certified 'Heritage Friendly' and are promoted through an advertising campaign including bill boards, banners, t-shirts, tuk tuk signs that encourages people to patronize these businesses. The response from corporate Cambodia has been tremendous and HeritageWatch looks forward to a positive outcome with further businesses becoming Heritage Friendly in the years to come. In conjunction with the campaign HeritageWatch is launching a magazine called Insight that will highlight archaeological research, development projects, arts and culture non-governmental organizations in Cambodia and interesting facts and articles for visitors to the Kingdom. A social development project is also set to be launched at Koh Ker supported by funding from Friends of Khmer Culture and Lonely Planet Publications. The project will see the local people of Koh Ker benefit from the coming tourism boom at the site, training them in small business management, English language and site maintenance. HeritageWatch is working in conjunction with APSARA the government authority responsible for the management of the site on this project. HeritageWatch staff have recently completed a survey of looted sites around the temple of Banteay Chmar in Northwest Cambodia. The survey revealed an extensive Iron Age occupation of the area. 2007 will also see the release of a children's book called If the Stones Could Speak, a tale about a group of Angkorian statues who grow up in the temples and centuries later are stolen by looters and separated. All ends well as the friends end up repatriated to Cambodia. For more news please visit and be sure to sign the petition to encourage Thailand and Singapore to sign the 1970 UNESCO convention. MIDDLE MEKONG ARCHAEOLOGICAL PROJECT 2006 by Joyce White and Bounheuang Bouasisengpaseuth. The Middle Mekong Archaeological Project (MMAP) had a short field season in March 2006. This joint research program of the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the Department of Museums and Archaeology, Lao PDR, focused on recording and analyzing the artifacts and site data recovered from the MMAP 2005 survey in Luang Prabang province. Fiftyeight sites were identified during MMAP 2005, and surface finds were recorded in the ArcGIS/Access database designed by Penn Anthro PhD student, Olivia Given. Finds ranging from flaked stone tools to stoneware ceramics show that the area has been inhabited continuously for the past 10,000 years. Ben Marwick, ANU PhD student, also led the team in collecting river cobbles near the Mekong suitable for flaking sumatralith-like cores. The team then flaked cores using techniques probably employed by Hoabinhian knappers. The action archaeology exercise assisted the development of a database recording system for flaked lithics for this area, and the recording of the lithics recovered so far by the project. The team also developed tri-lingual (Lao, English, and Thai) vocabularies for lithic analysis, photography, and databases to promote communication among team members. U.S. AMBASSADORS FUND FOR CULTURAL PRESERVATION U.S. Ambassador Ralph L. Boyce presented, in October 2006, a 1.3 million baht grant under this program to Professor Dr. Rasmi Shoocongdej, Faculty of Archaeology, Silpakorn University, to preserve and manage the archaeological heritage of the Ban Rai and Tham Lod Rockshelters in Pang Mapha District, Mae Hong Son Province. The Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation was established by the U.S. Congress in 2001. It allows American ambassadors to support efforts of their host countries to rescue cultural heritage that is fragile and in danger of being lost forever. Each year since its inception, the Ambassadors Fund has helped preserve Thai cultural heritage. In the first year, it supported Kamthieng House at the Siam Society. In 2002, the Antique Textile Collections at the National Museum in Bangkok received assistance. In 2003, the Fund

contributed to the preservation of traditional Thai textile patterns and weaving techniques at the Golden Jubilee Royal Goldsmith College at the Grand Palace. In 2004, the fund supported the creation of a digital archive of Thai-Muslim architectural heritage in the south of Thailand. Last year, the Fund turned north to preserve the murals at Wat Baan Koh, Lampang Province, with a grant of more than 2 million baht.


THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON LAO STUDIES will be held 3 to 6 May 2007 at Arizona State University. The main objective of this conference is to promote Lao studies by providing an international forum for scholars to present and discuss various aspects of Lao studies. The 2007 conference will feature presentations on any topic concerning Lao Studies. Topics include all ethnolinguistic groups of Laos (e.g. Mon-Khmer, Hmong-Mien, Tibeto-Burman, Lao-Tai), the Isan Lao and other Lao (Tai) groups in Thailand, cross-border ethnic groups in neighboring countries, and overseas diaspora heritage groups. We welcome both proposals for panels and abstracts for individual papers on a wide range of interests including but not limited to history, politics, development and planning, environment, classical literatures, linguistics, music, sports, science, health, religion and ritual, ethnic groups, media and art history, and women and society. The languages to be used in the conference will be English, French and Lao. To present a paper at the conference, abstracts must be submitted by the following deadlines: December 15, 2006 is the deadline for panel proposals. For panel proposals, please provide the title of the panel and a brief paragraph describing its goal/rational, participants names, affiliations and e-mail address, the titles of their presentations and a paragraph-long abstract for each presentation. January 5, 2007 is the deadline for individual paper abstracts. For individual papers please provide no longer than a one page abstract with the title of abstract, author name(s), author affiliation and e-mail address, and content. Presentations will be 20 minutes with 5 minutes for discussion. Panel Proposals and Abstracts must be typed and formatted. You may submit by postal mail or by an e-mail MS-Word attached file or at the conference website. Send abstracts to: (or) Arizona State University, ICLS2/Center for Asian Research, Box 871702, Tempe, AZ 85287-1702, USA. Early registration deadline is April 5, 2007. Additional information on registration will be available on line at Information on travel and accommodation and plans for publication of papers will also be available on the website. For more information please contact: Arizona State University Center for Asian Research, Faculty of Southeast Asian Studies, Box 871702, Tempe, AZ 852871702; Phone: +1 480 965 0118. FAX: +1 480 965 8317. Center for Lao Studies, 1201 San Bruno Avenue, Suite 1, San Francisco, CA 94110. Phone: +1 415 401 6255. Email: SYNCRETISM IN SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA: ADOPTION AND ADAPTATION, the second conference of the South and Southeast Asian Association for the Study of Culture and Religion, will be held 24 to 27 May 2007 in Thailand. Conference abstract: Since time immemorial, the region of South and Southeast Asia has played a pivotal role in carrying the traits of culture and religion not only amongst its own societies but also beyond. The basic carriers of such elements were Hinduism and Buddhism which took various routes (both land and sea) to reach the pre-modern Southeast Asia. Later on Islam and Christianity also entered the region and added lustre to the culture mosaic. The concept of syncretism in this area was not only visible in religious scenes but also in various

spheres of socio-cultural life: be it social customs, language and literature, art and architecture, polity, economics or commerce, performing arts and communication. For further details, visit: or contact the organizers at:, or THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION OF ASIA SCHOLARS will be held 2 to 5 August 2007 at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. For further details, contact: THE FOURTH FORBES SYMPOSIUM ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF ASIAN ART will be held 27 to 29 September 2007 at The Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Paper proposals are sought that utilize scientific methods of study applied to historic ceramics in Asia (Turkey to Japan, approximately 500 BCE to 1900 CE). Potential topics include technological innovation, common technologies, raw material selection and usage, trade and technology transfer or other questions of a technical, historical, or art historical nature. Papers that explore similarities and differences in ceramic technology, use and distribution intra- and inter-culturally are especially sought. To complement the scientific papers, the symposium committee also welcomes art historical and archaeological papers that concentrate on the historical and cultural context of Asian ceramics. Papers that summarize the current state of knowledge in an area of Asian ceramics and formulate questions where future scientific analysis would be appropriate and necessary are also viable submissions. Authors are responsible for ensuring that their discussions are in compliance with Smithsonian Institution policy relating to the UNESCO convention on the ownership of cultural property. Further information is available on the symposium website: Those interested in giving a paper are invited to submit an abstract (c. 200 words) on original, previously unpublished research by 15 February 2007. Notifications of acceptance will be sent by 15 March 2007. Speakers should plan a 25minute presentation. The symposium will be published. Speakers should plan to submit a publishable manuscript (3000-4000 words) at the time of the symposium. Funding to offset speakers' travel expenses will be available. The language of the symposium is English. Contact: Forbes Symposium 2007/DCSR, Freer Gallery of Art/Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 707, P.O. Box 37012, Washington D.C., 20013-7012, U.S.A; Fax: 202-633-9474; email:


INDO-PACIFIC PREHISTORY ASSOCIATIONSS 18TH CONGRESS was held from 20 to 26 March 2006 on the campus of the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City in MetroManila. The meeting was hosted by the Archaeological Studies Program at the University of the Philippines; by the Archaeology Division, National Museum of the Philippines; and by the W.G. Solheim II Foundation. For further details: ANGKOR: LANDSCAPE, CITY AND TEMPLE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE was held from 18 to 23 July 2006 at the University of Sydney, Australia. The conference provided an opportunity for the international community of researchers involved with Angkor to come together and present work from the 1990s onwards, discuss future directions and collaboration and participate in specialist workshops and training sessions. For further details: 6

CONFERENCE ON CULTURAL MANAGEMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, hosted by the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore, was held 25 to 27 July 2006. The conference created a dialogue between scholars from numerous disciplines, ranging from geography to economics. It developed the themes of tourism and its alternatives as management strategies; mitigation of the effects of tourism and other developmental forces; museums; site preservation; and legal issues. One goal of the conference was to encourage contributors to propose innovative approaches to CRM in a Southeast Asian context--i.e. not an application of Euro-American concepts of CRM, which don't work very well in many situations in Southeast Asia where funding is limited, concepts of ownership of land and cultural resources are different, governmental structure and authority have different roles, etc. The conference also critically reflected upon how "cultural resources" come to be defined, the intersections between so-called tangible and intangible cultural forms and the complex relationship between community participation, cultural sovereignty and the politics of cultural utilization. For further details: THE EIGHTH BIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE BORNEO RESEARCH COUNCIL (BRC) was held in Kuching, Sarawak from 31 July to 1 August 2006. It was jointly organised by BRC and the Institute of East Asian Studies (IEAS), Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS). The theme was "Borneo in the New Century". For further details: EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN ARCHAEOLOGISTS 11th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE was held at the Tumulus Bougon Museum (Deux-Svres, Poitou-Charentes), France from 14 to 17 September 2006. For conference details, contact:

MIKSIC, JOHN 2006. Consumer Preferences in the Straits of Melaka in the 14th Century. Presented in the session, Asian Cosmopoleis: Networks in Premodern and Early Modern Eras, at the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting. Abstract: Wang Dayuans Dao yi zhi lue, written in 1349, describes market conditions in Southeast Asian ports in the late Yuan Dynasty. This was a period of intense commercial activity and early overseas Chinese enterprise. Wangs account is one of the earliest and most detailed records of the degree of diversity of taste in consumer goods in Southeast Asia. Far from an undifferentiated and unsophisticated market, Wangs account shows that Chinese merchants had to tailor their wares to very specific markets. This paper will examine archaeological evidence from Singapore to try to uncover some of the basic factors (cultural, social, and economic) which might account for the wide degree of divergence between the different societies of Sumatra, Riau, and the Malay Peninsula in this period.

REPORT ON THE 18TH CONGRESS OF THE INDO-PACIFIC PREHISTORY ASSOCIATION by Ben Marwick, Department of Archaeology and Natural History, Australian National University ( In March 2006 the Archaeological Studies Program at the University of the Philippines (UP), the Archaeology Division, National Museum of the Philippines and the W.G. Solheim II Foundation were the gracious and able hosts of the eighteenth congress of the Indo-Pacific

Prehistory Association. The congress was held on the UP campus, Quezon City, Manila on 20-26 March 2006. About 29 sessions containing over 300 papers in total were received by the 300-odd participants. Such a huge amount of prehistory presented in just a few days is impossible for one person to record in its entirety, so this report reflects only the highlights of my personal experience of the congress. No doubt many interesting sessions were missed and surely some fine papers escaped my attention. Hopefully many of the presentations will appear in the proceedings and I look forward to catching up on these when the congress proceedings are published. In the meantime, a complete list of the congress abstracts is available online at the IPPA webpages. The congress was organised into five major themes: lithic studies, hunter-gatherers in prehistory, heritage resource management, regional archaeology and thematic issues. Thematic issues was the biggest theme (by numbers of sessions) and included topics such as Africa and the Indian Ocean, bioarchaeology, Neolithic Southeast Asia, climate change and a session celebrating the work of Bion Griffin. What follows is my selection of some of the especially newsworthy papers. Harry Widianto of the National Research Centre of Archaeology in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, presented a paper on the earliest artefacts in island Southeast Asia, representing some of the earliest lithics outside of Africa. These small stone artefacts were found in layers dating from 1.2 to 1.6 million years at the famous hominid site at Sangiran in the Solo Basin of Central Java. The finds have not been published yet and excavations continue that might yield even older artefacts. A series of papers on work in Vietnam and Thailand added substantially to our understanding of the Hoabinhian. Seonbok Yi and Lee June-Jeong (Seoul National University) presented their study of radiocarbon dates showing that Hoabinhian stone artefacts were present in northern Vietnam as early as 18,000 BP, confirming that Hoabinhian technology extends well before the Holocene. Rasmi Shoocongdej (Silpakorn University, Bangkok) and her team at the Highland Archaeology Project in Pangmapha presented a series of papers about two Hoabinhian sites in northwest Thailand, one with an unusually rich deposit of lithics and faunal remains, making it a valuable source of data for understanding hunter-gather life in seasonal forest highlands. Hang Cho Cave in northern Vietnam is similarly informative Hoabinhian site which was reported on by a number of Japanese, Vietnamese and other researchers. Details of a human skeleton from the early Holocene levels of Hang Cho were presented, supporting the theory that mainland Southeast Asia was occupied by indigenous people similar to present-day AustraloMelanesians prior to an expansion of migrants from Northeast Asia into this area. Further support for this theory came from a presentation discussing the single Australo-Melasnesian male skeleton reported from the Neolithic levels of the cemetery at Man Bac, northern Vietnam (Marc Oxenham, pers. comm.). This find suggests that people similar to Hoabinhians were still living in northern Vietnam when the new migrants arrived. This individual was buried in the same manner and with the same material culture as the newer inhabitants of this site, suggesting some level of interaction between these biologically (and perhaps culturally) very distinct groups. Also from Vietnam was the unusual find of a log coffin-boat, excavated from a canal bank near the Red River and reported at IPPA by Australian and Vietnamese archaeologists. Although log coffins are relatively common in archaeological sites in Southeast Asia, this one is important because it was built using woodworking techniques that are identical to those used in the Greco-Roman world (the only other place where this technique is known so early). This raises the possibility of some kind of flow of technology between the west and east 2000 years ago, although the possibility of independent invention cannot be ruled out. Well-preserved fabrics were also found with the coffin, giving a rare insight into early weaving traditions and technology. Moving onto island Southeast Asia, we heard about dramatic finds of skeletons of the earliest Polynesians from excavations by a team from archaeologists from Australia and Vanuatu working on the Vanuatu Islands. Three dozen headless individuals were recovered with Lapita ceramics. Dates from shell indicate that the graves are about 3000 years old, making it amongst

the oldest and largest Lapita cemeteries known. The ceramics have some similarities to early redslip pottery found in Taiwan and other islands of Southeast Asia, supporting the argument for a Taiwanese origin of the Lapita peoples. An interesting contradiction to this out-of Taiwan model for Lapita origins was presented in a paper by Keith Dobney (University of Durham) and his numerous international colleagues. Amongst the wealth of archaeozoological data on pigs and rats that they presented were mitochondrial DNA sequences from wild pigs suggesting that the pigs arriving with the earliest Lapita people are more closely related to pigs from Hawaii, Vanuatu, and Halmahera than they are to Taiwanese pigs. This suggests that the origins of the Lapita people might be found in nearto-remote Oceania rather than Taiwan. Preliminary data on the dental morphology of rats were also discussed and promises to be potentially as powerful as mtDNA at resolving questions of human dispersal (Keith Dobney, pers. comm.). On a more theoretical note, there were at least two papers that explored some critical theoretical approaches to Southeast Asian archaeology. Anna Klln (Stockholm University) spoke about how archaeology in Laos is used as an instrument for education and to legitimise claims of supremacy by various ethnic groups. Lindsay Lloyd-Smith (University of Cambridge) presented a critical discussion of current notions of regional cultural traditions in his work on the jar burials in the West Mouth of Niah Cave, Sarawak. These papers are an indication of the increasing sophistication and diversity of conceptual frameworks in Southeast Asian archaeology. Thanks are due to Peter Bellwood (Australian National University), Victor Paz (UP) and Doreen Bowdery (Australian National University) for their hard work in ensuring the overall success of the congress. Paz was also assisted by staff, students and graduates from the UP Archaeological Studies Program who managed the daily affairs of the congress. A mark of the success of the congress is high diversity of people attending. As one of the few major international conferences accessible to Asian scholars there was an impressive turnout of local delegates. For example, in the session on Lao archaeology more than half of the papers had Lao authors or co-authors, most of whom were attending their first IPPA congress. Students and young researchers were also well represented, especially from Thailand and the Philippines. It may even be time for IPPA to have a student chapter to help develop the skills of younger researchers and encourage good international collegial habits. At many international conferences a popular way to encourage quality participation by younger researchers is to recognise especially good papers with awards (which need not have any monetary value), an idea which might be worthy of consideration by the IPPA executive committee.

THE BRITISH ACADEMY VISITING PROFESSORSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS The Academy's Visiting Professorships scheme enables distinguished scholars from overseas to be invited to spend a minimum of two weeks in the United Kingdom. The Academy grants the title of British Academy Visiting Professor or (for a more junior scholar) British Academy Visiting Fellow and awards a sum of money towards the estimated travel and maintenance costs. All arrangements are undertaken by the visitor's British sponsor. While the delivery of lectures and participation in seminars is not precluded, the main purpose of the visit should be to enable the visitor to pursue research. It is not intended that the Academy's Fellowships and Professorships should be used in conjunction with a non-stipendiary university fellowship. Eligibility: Candidates for nominations must be either established scholars of distinction or younger people who show great promise and who would benefit from time to pursue their research in the United Kingdom. Level of grant: The Academy will meet travel expenses to the United Kingdom, and provide subsistence for Visiting Professors and Fellows up to a maximum of 700 pounds a week. Applicants will be expected to submit a carefully-costed budget within this limit. The normal


maximum length of visit will be one month, but applications for longer periods will be considered, although it will be expected that the weekly budget for longer visits will be set at a more moderate level. Method of application and closing date: The British sponsor should apply on the Visiting Professorships application form, available from the Academy's International Relations Department (Tel. 20 7969 5220, Applications direct from foreign scholars will not be accepted. The closing date for applications is 31 December. Applications are considered in late February, for visits to take place during the financial year beginning 1 April. (It may be possible to entertain applications at other times of the year, but the Academy's aim is to allocate the available funds at one time.) THE COMMONWEALTH SCHOLARSHIP COMMISSION IN THE UK. The Commission was set up under the Commonwealth Scholarship Act 1959, as the body responsible for the United Kingdom's participation in the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan, itself established in 1959. The Plan was designed as a system of awards to men and women from all Commonwealth countries chosen for their high intellectual promise and their capacity to return to make a significant contribution to life in their own countries. One of its guiding principles is that it be based upon mutual co-operation and the sharing of educational experience among all countries of the Commonwealth. As well as General Scholarships, the Commission also administers Academic Staff Scholarships, Commonwealth Academic Fellowships, Split-Site Doctoral Scholarships, Scholarships by Distance Learning, Professional Fellowships and the DFID Shared Scholarship Scheme. More information on all of these schemes, and also on the work of the Commission (including Annual Reports and Events information) can be found on the UK page of the recently launched international CSFP website: THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS. The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore, invites applications for up to twenty Postdoctoral Fellowships (PDF) to be based in various departments/ programmes. The PDF scheme is intended for scholars at the beginning stages of their academic career. The successful candidate is generally expected to have completed their doctoral studies not more than three years prior to the time of application. A candidate who has satisfied all the requirements for a PhD and is awaiting the conferment of the degree may also be considered. The one-year Fellowship is renewable, upon review, for a second year. Closing date for applications is 31 December 2006, for appointments to begin in August 2007. Applicants will be informed of the outcome by March 2007. Please visit for details. ASIA RESEARCH INSTITUTE, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE (SENIOR) VISITING FELLOWSHIPS AND POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS. Applications are invited for (Senior) Visiting Fellowships and Postdoctoral Fellowships at the Asia Research Institute (ARI) for commencement between July 2007 and June 2008. The positions are intended for outstanding active researchers from both the Asian region and the world, to bring to completion an important program of research in the social sciences and humanities. Interdisciplinary interests are encouraged. Asia as a research field is defined loosely in terms of the region in which Singapore is positioned. Up to three months of a 12-month fellowship can be spent conducting fieldwork in the Asian region. A majority of the positions will be allocated to the more specific areas (indicated on the website). However some will be reserved for outstanding projects in any area. Applicants should mention which category they are applying in or if none, write open category . Applications which link two specific fields are also welcome.


Postdoctoral Fellowships Candidates must have fulfilled all requirements of the PhD within the last 4 years. The research may be in any field in the humanities and social sciences, extending into legal, commercial and environmental concerns. Interested applicants are invited to email/mail their applications, consisting of: cover letter indicating the position applied for, area of research focus, and preferred date of commencement of fellowship; CV; synopsis of the proposed research project; and at least one sample of their published work. Ensure that at least 2 referees submit directly to us a confidential report on the applicant's academic standing and on the applicant's research project by 31 January 2007. Address for submission of applications and references: Human Resources, c/o Ms Chong Mei Peen, Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore, AS7, Level 4, 5 Arts Link, Singapore, 117570. Fax: (65) 6779 1428. Email: For further details: THE ROYAL SOCIETY'S INCOMING FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAMME aims to foster science and technology links between the UK and various countries throughout the world, enabling outstanding postdoctoral scientists to conduct cutting-edge research with their UK counterparts. The research undertaken must be on a subject within the natural sciences, and includes the scientific aspects of archaeology. The Asian countries which the fellowship programme includes are: China, India, Japan, South Korea and South East Asia (Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam). All applications for this scheme must be completed online via e-GAP by the UK host scientist on behalf of an overseas candidate. The host must be a British or EU citizen resident in the UK. Non-UK/EU citizens must have held a permanent position at a UK institute for three years minimum to act as a host. Applicants and their overseas candidates must be of postdoctoral or equivalent status at the time the award is taken up. Scientists in the final year of their PhD can submit an application to be considered for a fellowship. If successful, the award will only be given subject to the confirmation of their PhD at the time when the award is taken up. Fellowship candidates must be nationals of the country from which they are applying and should be resident and working in the country of nationality. Priority may be given to applicants with less experience of having worked abroad. Applicants currently in the UK are not eligible to apply. Candidates for the fellowship programme should identify and contact a UK host scientist who is willing to submit an application on their behalf; substantial contact between host and applicant prior to the application is essential. This contact should lead to a clearly defined and mutuallybeneficial research proposal. All applicants must be competent in oral and written English. The UK host should verify they are happy with the level of English of the applicant in the application form where this is requested. The Royal Society will provide funding for visits of between six months minimum and up to 12 months maximum. UK hosts should be based at any UK research institution. Scientists working in governmental research institutes are not necessarily excluded from acting as hosts but they should explain, in a separate email, why their parent institute is not funding the visit. The Royal Society will provide funding to cover the visiting scientists cost of living in the UK including food and accommodation. A further 1000 is provided for research expenses and another 1000 is provided for subsidiary scientific visits within the UK and Europe. Rounds for applications will be open approximately 12 weeks before the closing date - China Fellowships: early May and early October annually; India Fellowships: early May and early October annually; South East Asia, South Korea and Japan Fellowships: early February annually. For further details: SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM. Graduate Student Fellowships - These fellowships allow students to conduct research for ten-week periods in association with Smithsonian research staff members. Applicants must be formally enrolled in a


graduate program of study, must have completed at least one semester, and must not yet have been advanced to candidacy in a doctoral program. Predoctoral Fellowships - These fellowships allow students to conduct research for periods of three to twelve months. Applicants must have completed coursework and preliminary examinations for the doctoral degree, and must be engaged in dissertation research. In addition, candidates must have the approval of their universities to conduct their doctoral research at the Smithsonian. Postdoctoral and Senior Fellowships - Postdoctoral Fellowships of three to twelve months are available for scholars who have held the doctoral degree or equivalent for fewer than seven years as of the application deadline. Senior Fellowships of three to twelve months are available for scholars who have held the doctoral degree or equivalent for more than seven years as of the application deadline. Applications for senior fellowships may be made up to eighteen months in advance. Stipends for senior fellowships are the same as for the postdoctoral program, but the Smithsonian's stipend may be matched by other sources of funding such as a sabbatical salary. Stipends: Senior and Postdoctoral - $40,000 per year; Predoctoral - $25,000 per year; Graduate Students - $5,500. Deadline: January 15th (postmark) for awards to begin on or after June 1st. For application and further information: SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION POSTGRADUATE FELLOWSHIPS IN CONSERVATION OF MUSEUM COLLECTIONS PROGRAM These fellowships are offered to recent graduates of masters programs in art conservation or the equivalent or conservation scientists, including those at the postdoctoral level, who wish to conduct research and gain further training in Smithsonian conservation laboratories for a period of one year. Additional facilities may be available to museum or archives fellows for analytical work at the Museum Conservation Institute (MCI). The fellowship begins in the fall of 2007. A stipend of $30,000 is being offered plus allowances. Deadline: January 15, 2007. Contact: Office of Research Training and Services, Smithsonian Institution, P.O. Box 37012, Victor Building, Suite 9300, MRC 902, Washington, D.C. 20013-7012. Phone: (202) 275-0655. E-mail: Web site: SMITHSONIAN MUSEUM CONSERVATION INSTITUTE - POSTGRADUATE FELLOWSHIPS AND PRE-GRADUATE INTERNSHIPS IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONSERVATION Fellowships and pre-graduate internships in archaeological conservation available for recent graduates of academic conservation training programs or students in their final (practical) year of studies at such programs. These one-year fellowships, to be spent at Smithsonian-related archaeological field work sites and at SCMRE, usually start in the fall. Applicants are encouraged to contact Harriet Beaubien, the Head of the Archaeological Conservation Training Program before submitting an application. Telephone: (301) 238-1235. Deadline: February 1st for receipt of completed applications. Contact: Head, Archaeological Conservation Training Program, Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education, Museum Support Center, 4210 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746-2863. Web site: UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON GRADUATE FELLOWSHIPS FOR THE STUDY OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN ARCHAEOLOGY. These fellowships offer three years of tuition, stipend and health insurance, plus pilot research funding and opportunities to participate in archaeology field training programs in Southeast Asia during the summer. Awardees will be chosen based on the overall strength of their application, along with their interest in and commitment to studying the archaeology of Southeast Asia. Applicants must apply for regular admission to the University of Washington Archaeology Program (procedures, requirements and general information at Application deadline is January 15, 2007 for fellowships beginning in September 2007. We also


plan to offer these fellowships in 2008 and 2009. Funding is provided in part by an award from the Henry Luce Foundation. Details on this program can be found at Please address inquires to Dr. Peter Lape at WENNER-GREN FOUNDATION FOR ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIPS Professional Development International Fellowships are intended for scholars and advanced students from countries in which anthropology or specific subfields of anthropology are underrepresented and who therefore seek additional training to enhance their skills or to develop new areas of expertise in anthropology. The program offers three types of awards: Predoctoral Fellowship for study leading to a Ph.D.; Postdoctoral Fellowship for scholars wishing advanced training; Library Residency Fellowship for advanced students and postdoctoral scholars within five years of receiving their doctorate to travel to libraries with outstanding collections in anthropology. Predoctoral and Postdoctoral Fellowships: Applicants must be prepared to demonstrate: the unavailability of such training in their home country; their provisional acceptance by a host institution that will provide such training; their intention to return and work in their home country upon completion of their training. The applicant must have a home sponsor who is a member of the institution with which he/she is affiliated in the home country and a host sponsor who is a member of the institution in which the candidate plans to pursue training. The host sponsor must be willing to assume responsibility for overseeing the candidate's training. Because the fellowship is intended as a partnership with the Host Institution in providing the fellow's training, it is expected that candidates will also be offered support by the host institution. Predoctoral Fellowships are made for amounts up to $15,000 per year. Fellows may apply for up to two renewals. Postdoctoral Fellowships are made for amounts up to $35,000 for one year, with the possibility of one renewal. Inquiries about the predoctoral and postdoctoral awards should be made by means of a one-page Summary Statement of Purpose. Preliminary requirements must be met to determine eligibility for a formal application. There is no deadline for these programs, however, those interested in receiving a Predoctoral or Postdoctoral Fellowship application must contact the foundation at least six months prior to enrollment in the host institution. Library Residency Fellowships: Applicants must be prepared to show that travel to a library is necessary for preparing a research proposal or completing a project designed to advance teaching and scholarship in the home country. They must also be able to obtain a letter from their home supervisor or chairperson attesting to the applicant's need of library materials not available in the home institution. The foundation has set up host sponsors at several libraries with excellent collections in different areas of anthropology, from which the applicant can choose. An applicant must be accepted by one of these sponsors before a library residency can be awarded. Library Residency Fellowships are made for amounts up to $5,000 for a maximum period of three months. They are not renewable. Library Residency Fellowship candidates should contact the foundation at least three months before their intended starting date. Contact details: The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, 220 Fifth Ave, 16th Floor, New York, NY 10001-7708. Fax: 001.212.683.9151. Forms can be requested by e-mail (, by letter or telephone (001 212-683-5000). Web address:

LEAKEY FOUNDATION The Leakey Foundation was formed to further research into human origins, behaviour and survival. Special research Grants (up to $20,000) available to postdoctoral and senior scientists for exceptional research projects studying multidisciplinary


palaeoanthropology. For further information, contact: Grants Officer, The Leakey Foundation, P.O. Box 29346, 1002A O'Reilly Ave, San Francisco, CA, 94129-0346 USA; Telephone: (415) 561-4646; FAX: (415) 561-4647; E-mail:; or visit their web site at: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY For information write to: Committee for Research and Exploration, National Geographic Society 17th and M Streets, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 USA; or visit their web site at: ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION Awards to assist women and men of outstanding promise to make significant contributions to research and teaching or public service in the future as potential staff members of developing-country institutions associated with the Foundation. For information write to: Rockefeller Foundation 1133 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036 USA. WENNER-GREN FOUNDATION FOR ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH. For information on their research grants write to: 220 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10001-7708, USA or visit their web site at:


EYRE, CHUREEKAMOL ONSUWAN 2006. Prehistoric and Proto-historic Communities in the Eastern Upper Chao Phraya River Valley, Thailand: Analysis of Site Chronology, Settlement Patterns, and Land Use. PhD Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Joyce C. White, Supervisor. Abstract. Southeast Asia is one major region where applications of socio-political frameworks emphasizing progressive development and increasing degrees of social hierarchy have been argued as inadequate for understanding past societies. Settlement systems in Thailand that existed throughout the period of technological change incorporating the bronze and iron ages have not yet been investigated from a heterarchical viewpoint. The dissertation goal is to test heterarchical and hierarchical frameworks for best fit with settlement patterns in the region of Kok Samrong-Takhli Undulating Terrain (KSTUT) in the eastern side of the Upper Chao Phraya River Valley. A twostage survey, a reconnaissance survey followed by a 58 km2 intensive survey, was conducted in order to locate sites across different landscapes, identify subregional ceramic variation and possibly geographic shifts in ceramic subregions over time, and determine evidence for economic specialization among sites of varying sizes. Twenty-five open-air sites were identified across the alluvial plain, middle terrace, and upland zones. The KSTUT data indicate a long occupational history from the bronze and iron ages into the Proto-historic period. The prehistoric settlement data are compatible with a heterarchical settlement model. The Metal Age agrarian communities with various site sizes exploited diverse environmental zones; they developed sustainable and sufficient subsistence strategies with no marked changes over time. Upland cultivation of a number of crops was likely the dominant subsistence mode. Shared ceramic stylistics within the KSTUT region defines the area as a ceramic subregion; such subregions are argued to be products of enduring social networks that, in the case of the KSTUT, encompassed various environments. The iron age settlement data do not support a close relationship among the appearance of iron, wet rice agriculture, and development of chiefdoms. Although the iron age communities experienced some gradual changes (e.g., increasing regional integration and broader trade networks) and the possible movement of people from upland to lowland areas during the Late Iron phase, the KSTUT ceramic subregion was relatively unchanged in extent. No evidence for hierarchical settlement patterns occurred until the Proto-historic (Dvaravati) period.


HUFFER, DAMIEN 2005. Social Organization at the Neolithic/Bronze Age Boundary in Northern Vietnam: Man Bac Cemetery as a Case Study. MA Thesis, School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University. Abstract. This study critically reviews theories and techniques of mortuary archaeology to formulate a set of hypotheses regarding social organization, as revealed through gender and status. These hypotheses are tested on a mortuary assemblage of 47 individuals recently excavated from Man Bac, northern Vietnam dated to 3500-4000 BP. This cemetery assemblage straddles the poorly understood Neolithic/Bronze Age boundary. During this period agriculture, trade and craft specialization were beginning to noticeably affect the material culture, health, mortality, settlement patterns and social organization of communities across Southeast Asia. This study forms the first comprehensive mortuary study to be undertaken on prehistoric Vietnamese material. The methodological approach involved an extensive review of the archaeological literature focused on status and gender in informing aspects of social organization. A series of mortuary studies examining such issues in prehistoric Thailand were then explored in detail and two sets of hypotheses, collectively forming a model of social organization relating to status and gender were developed. This model was then tested on the mortuary assemblage from Man Bac principally by way of descriptive statistics and visual analyses of mortuary patterns using variables such as age, sex, body orientation, associated grave goods and so forth. Multivariate cluster analysis was also employed in an effort to confirm the visual findings and/or provide further insights into social organization at this site. The results of this study suggested that: (1) Man Bac exhibits many mortuary features commonly seen in Southeast Asian Bronze Age sites; (2) Man Bac reveals unique localized aspects which are atypical of the time period and region; (3) both vertical and horizontal differentiation were present, with vertical differentiation being relatively subtle and operating on an individual basis; and (4) age-based differentiation was more strongly expressed than sexbased, or gender-based, differentiation. The primary implications of the these findings which warrant further analysis in the future are questions regarding: (1) the role of the cultural/social persona in determining an individuals status and/or gender during this time; (2) the non automatic nature of the bestowing of personhood; and (3) the unusual importance of both women and children (above a certain age) in the life of the community. It is anticipated that further excavation, C14 dating, DNA analysis, ceramic vessel residue analysis, and palaeopathological work will build on the findings of this study. KANJANAJUNTORN, PODJANOK 2006. Developing Social Complexity in Metal Age WestCentral Thailand ca. 500 BC AD 500. PhD Thesis, Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Bristol. Abstract. This thesis explores the diversity of late prehistoric West-Central Thailand as part of the dynamic social development in Southeast Asia. During that period the societies witnessed significant changes in socio-economics, adopting foreign cultures and new technologies and enjoyed prosperous trade. Certain societies developed ultimately into states. Long-distance trade is generally considered to be the mechanism of the social transformation. The stimulus from longdistance trade alone, however, is not sufficient to explain the emergence of the early states because not all societies associated with long-distance trade evolved beyond chiefdoms. A model adopted from Tourtellot and Sabloffs (1972), proposing that environmental condition and exchange patterns related to the socio-economic development, is considered to be applicable to the development of the secondary states in Southeast Asia. This research examines the environmental and cultural landscapes of Metal Age West-Central Thailand to test the model.


This research underlines how the Metal Age societies in West-Central Thailand ultimately developed into the state of Dvaravati including comparing it to other regions where long-distance trade also had an impact but which did not achieve the social complexity of a state. It can be said that long-distance trade alone is not sufficient to explain the formation of early states in Southeast Asia. Various internal factors such as food surplus, population growth, localisation and diversity of internal exchange have been proposed as being responsible for state formation in Southeast Asia. Additionally, the environment is also considered to have an important role in social development, it gives an opposite affect. Some scholars believed that a society was prevented from developing to a complex level if it was in an environment, such as a semi-tropical zone like Southeast Asia, where societies throughout the region had equal access to the natural resources and occupational expansion was a minor problem. It may be true that the speed of the development of social complexity can be undermined by a fortunate environment because economic monopolies hardly occur. However, state societies have been identified in Southeast Asia at least since the second century AD and they appear to have emerged rather rapidly from the last few centuries BC. Hence it can be said that the advantage of having a rich environment may also have contributed in the development of social complexity. This thesis demonstrates that the environment has had a major contributory role in the development of the secondary states in Southeast Asia. Field surveys and test excavations were undertaken in the areas of the archaeological sites concentrations, U-Thong and Chom Bueng. The results contribute to the understanding of the settlement patterns and the relationships among archaeological sites in the region as well as their role in the international context. MIJARES, ARMAND SALVADOR B. 2006. Unravelling Prehistory: The Archaeology of North-eastern Luzon. PhD Thesis, Department of Archaeology and Natural History, Australian National University. Abstract. Northern Luzon is an important area for understanding and reconstructing the prehistory of the Southeast Asian region. From archaeological work undertaken in the 1970s, we can see the potential of the area in contributing to our understanding of the peopling of the Philippine Islands, from the Pleistocene foragers to the migration of the early Austronesians. This thesis attempts to synthesize past and current archaeological research in the area, as well as to present new findings from archaeological excavations in the Peablanca caves. The excavations of Callao, Dalan Serkot, and Eme caves provide fresh data for reconstructing the transition from the Preceramic into the ceramic periods. Several analytical approaches are used to reconstruct past culture and subsistence strategies. Analysis of cultural materials includes lithic and ceramic analysis. In order to reconstruct past diets and environments, specialists have conducted a suite of analyses, such as phytolith analysis, macrobotanical analysis and faunal identification. A soil micromorphology analysis has been conducted in order to understand cave depositional histories and estimate degrees of post depositional disturbance. The recent excavations in the Peablanca caves have provided the earliest dated evidence of human occupation in Luzon, at c. 25,000 BP. Evidence from faunal identification, macrobotanical and phytolith remains shows that a broad spectrum subsistence strategies employed by these early foragers. The lithic analysis shows some changes from Late Pleistocene into early Holocene technology. Interaction between the foragers of the Peablanca cave sites and the early Austronesian farmers of the Cagayan Valley was established by at least 3500 years ago. Farmers exchanged earthenware pottery, clay earrings, spindle whorls and shell beads with foragers, possibly for forest products. This exchange, however, did not on present evidence include cereal-based foods such as rice. The botanical evidence from the cave sites shows a heavy reliance on wild and arboreal food sources.


This thesis therefore proposes a general culture history of northern Luzon from the late Pleistocene to the mid-Holocene period.

BACUS, ELISABETH A. 2006. Gender in East and Southeast Asian Archaeology. In Handbook of Gender in Archaeology, ed. by S. Nelson, pp. 633-666. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press. BACUS, ELISABETH A., IAN C. GLOVER and VINCENT C. PIGOTT (eds) 2006. Uncovering Southeast Asias Past. Selected Papers from the 10th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press.
Contents: Prasat Phnom Rung in the Light of the Inscriptions by H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn; Crossing National Boundaries: Southern China and Southeast Asia in Prehistory by C. Higham; Late Pleistocene Activities at the Tham Lod Rockshelter in Highland Pang Mapha, Mae Hong Son Province, Northwestern Thailand by R. Shoocondej; Recent Investigation of Early People (La te Pleistocene to Early Holocene) from Ban Rai and Tham Lod Rock Shelter Sites, Pang Mapha District, Mae Hong Son Province, Northwestern Thailand by N. Pureepatpong; Bones from Hell: Preliminary Results of New Work on the Harrisson Faunal Assemblage from the Deepest Part of Niah Cave, Sarawak by R.J. Rabett, P.J. Piper and G. Barker; Bukit Bunuh, Lenggong, Malaysia: New Evidence of Late Pleistocene Culture in Malaysia and Southeast Asia by M. Saidin; The Austronesian Story and Farming-language Dispersals: Caveats on Timing and Independence in Proxy Lines of Evidence from the Indo-European Model by S. Oppenheimer; Unpacking the Island Southeast Asian Neolithic Cultural Package, and Finding Local Complexity by S. OConnor; Returning to East Timor: Prospects and Possibilities from an Archaeobotanical Project in the New Country by N. Vasco Oliveira; Ban Non Wat: The First Three Seasons by C. Higham and Rachanie Thosarat; Social Identities in Bronze Age Northeast Thailand: Intersections of Gender, Status and Ranking at Non Nok Tha by E.A. Bacus; Excavation at Nong Kwang, an Iron Age Site in Ratchaburi Province, West-Central Thailand by P. Kanjanajuntorn; Tombes des Age du Bronze et du Fer dans le Bassin de la Samon (Bronze and Iron Age Burials in the Samon River Valley) by J.-P. Pautreau, A.-S. Coupey, P. Mornais and Aung Aung Kyaw; Crossing the Style Barrier: New Evidence from Thailand by B. Vincent; Standing Stones in Northern Lao PDR by K. Keosphha; A Program of Analysis of Organic Remains from Prehistoric Copper-producing Settlements in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley, Central Thailand: A Progress Report by V.C. Pigott, K.M. Mudar, A. Agelarakis, L. Kealhofer, S.A. Weber and J.C. Voelker; Inland Sa Huynh Culture along the Thu Bon River V alley in Central Vietnam by M. Yamagata; Dating Vietnamese Prehistory: Towards the Establishment of a Secure Database for Archaeological 14C Measurements by R. Thomas and R. McLauchlan; New Research into Dongson Cloth from Waterlogged Sites in Vietnam by J. Cameron and P. Bellwood; Taiwan Jade in the Context of Southeast Asian Archaeology by Hung Hsiao -chun, Y. Iizuka and P. Bellwood; Excavations at Tra Kieu and Go Cam, Quang Nam Province, Central Viet Nam by Nguyen Kim Dung, I. Glover and M. Yamagata; Excavations at Minh Su Mound, Go Thap site, Dong Thap province, South Vietnam, 20002003 by Le Thi Lien; The Archaeology of Batujaya (West Java, Indonesia): An Interim Report by P.-Y. Manguin and Agustijanto Indrajaya; The Moated Site of Promtin Tai and the Transition from Late Prehistory to Early History in Central Thailand by T. Lertcharnrit; Dvaravati Settlements on the Phetchaburi Palaeo-shoreline by P. Silapanth; The Culture of Vishnu Old City (Beikthano) by San Shwe; Early Walled Sites of Dawei: Thagara and Mokti by E. Moore and Than Swe; Under the Western Baray Waters by C. Pottier; Kerinci Archaeological Research in the Highlands of Jambi on Sumatra by D. Bonatz; Mediaeval Landfall Sites in Aceh, North Sumatra by E. Edwards McKinnon; Intrasite Analysis of 14th-Century Singapore by J.N. Miksic; The Greater Angkor Project 20052009: Issues and Program by R. Fletcher, D. Penny, M. Barbetti, C. Pottier, Heng Than, Khieu Chan and Tous Somaneath; The Hoabinhian: Early Evidence for SE Asian Trade Networks? by S. Bowdler; Lowland-upland Interaction: The 35001500 BP Ceramic Evidence from the Peablanca Cave Sites, Northeastern Luzon, Philippines by A.S.B. Mijares; Khao Sam Kaeo and the Upper Thai Peninsula: Understanding the Mechanisms of Early Trans-Asiatic Trade and Cultural Exchange by B.


Bellina and P. Silapanth; and Economic and Technological Change during the Middle and Late Holocene in the Lamoncong Highlands, South Sulawesi, Indonesia by D. Bulbeck.

BECK, MARGARET 2006. Midden ceramic assemblage formation: A case study from Kalinga, Philippines. American Antiquity 71: 27-51. BENTLEY, R.A., M. PIETRUSEWSKY, M. DOUGLAS, and T. ATKINSON 2005. Matrilocality during the prehistoric transition to agriculture in Thailand? Antiquity 79: 865-81. CHOI, KILDO and DUBEL DRIWANTORO 2007. Shell tool use by early members of Homo erectus in Sangiran, central Java, Indonesia: cut mark evidence. Journal of Archaeological Science 34: 48-58. DEGROOT, VRONIQUE 2006. The archaeological remains of Ratu Boko: From Sri Lankan Buddhism to Hinduism. Indonesia and the Malay World 34: 55-74. FORESTIER, HUBERT, TRUMAN SIMANJUNTAK, DOMINIQUE GUILLAUD, DUBEL DRIWANTORO, KETUTWIRADNYANA, DARWIN SIREGAR, ROKUS DUEAWE, AND BUDIMAN 2005. Le site de Tgi Ndrawa, le de Nias, Sumatra nord : les premires traces dune occupation hoabinhienne en grotte en Indonsie. C. R. Palevol 4: 727-33. GUILLAUD, DOMINIQUE (ed) 2006. Menyelusuri Sungai, Merunut Waktu: Penelitian Arkeologi di Sumatera Selatan. Jakarta: Puslitbang Arkeologi Nasional, Institute de recherche pour le Developpement, and EFEO. JORDAAN, ROY 2006. Why the ailendras were not a Javanese dynasty. Indonesia and the Malay World 34: 3-22. KARLSTRM, ANNA 2005. Spiritual materiality: Heritage preservation in a Buddhist world? Journal of Social Archaeology 5: 338-55. LANKTON, JAMES W. AND LAURE DUSSUBIEUX 2006. Early glass in Asian maritime trade: A review and an interpretation of compositional analyses. Journal of Glass Studies 48: 121-44. LAPE, PETER 2005. Archaeological approaches to the study of Islam in Island Southeast Asia. Antiquity 79: 829-36. LE THI LIEN 2006. Nghe thuat Phat giao & Hindu giao o dong bang song Cuu Long Truoc The Ky X (Buddhist and Hindu Art in the Cuu Long River Delta prior to 10th Century AD). Hanoi: The Gioi Publishing House. (Note: Please contact Le Thi Lien to
purchase this book outside of Vietnam.)

O'REILLY, DOUGALD, ANGELA VON DEN DRIESCH and VUTHY VOEUN 2006. Archaeology and archaeozoology of Phum Snay: A late prehistoric cemetery in northwestern Cambodia. Asian Perspectives 45: 188-211. PEI-KAI CHENG (Chief Ed) 2005. Proceedings of the International Conference: Chinese Export Ceramics and Maritime Trade, 12th-15th Centuries. Hong Kong: Chinese Civilisation Centre, City University of Hong Kong & City University of Hong Kong Interdisciplinary Research Project.


SIMANJUNTAK, TRUMAN, M. HISYAM, BAGYO PRASETYO, and TITI SURTI NASTITI (eds) 2006. Archaeology: Indonesian Perspective, R.P. Soejono's Festschrift. Jakarta: Indonesian Institute of Science.
Contents: Prof. Dr. Dr. Hc. R.P. Soejono: Indonesian Archaeologist and Prehistorian by the Chairman of the Indonesian Institute of Science; Editorial: Soejono and the Indonesian Archaeology by T. Simanjuntak et al.; Prof. Dr. Dr. Hc. R.P. Soejono: Profesional yang Setia tanpa Pamrih by D.D. Bintarti; Soejonos Efforts in Starting Archaeological Research in Papua by W.G. Solheim II; The Soejono I Know by J.T. Peralta; Bapak by R.P. Ugrasena Pranidhana; Mas Jono yang Saya Kenal by Noerhadi Magetsari; Kelompok Purbakala Sekitar Tahun Enampuluhan by Sri Soejatmi Satari; Prof. Dr. R.P. Soejono dan Cita-Cita Kemandirian Arkeologi Indonesia by Nunus Supardi; Visi Bapak Raden Panji Soejono by Machi Suhadi; R.P.Soejono dan Perguruan SMA Ksatrya by M. Husseyn Umar; Together with Insan Arkeologi, Prof. Dr. R.P. Soejono Tracing Back the Past to the Future by Achmad Cholid Sodrie; Sosok Prof. Dr. Raden Panji Soejono by H. Gunadi; Sosok Sang Dewa Prasejarah yang Disegani by Jatmiko; Not Until Five Times: A Test of Patience by Aliza Diniasti; Geological Evidence for Quaternary Land Bridges in Insular Southeast Asia by H.D. Tjia; Environment of Early Man in Java by A.A. Polhaupessy; Climate-Environment and Extreme Event since the Last Glacial Maximum: Human Occupation and Dispersal Pattern in Indonesian Maritime Island by Wahyoe Soepri Hantoro; The Nanosomic and Microsomic Archeological and Living Populations of Indonesia by T. Jacob; CranioMorphological Aspects of the Recent Discovery of Human Remains from Batujaya, West Java by Harry Widianto; Paleopathology: Humans Diseases in Archaeology by Etty Indriati; Palaeolithic Settlements in the Southeast Asian Archipelagos: an Indonesian Perspective by F. Smah & A.-M.Smah; Discoveries of Palaeolithic Tools in Flores by Jatmiko; New Data for the Prehistoric Chronology of South Sumatra by H. Forestier, Dubel Driwantoro, D. Guillaud, Budiman, and Darwin Siregar; Hunting and Gathering Subsistence at Mesolithic: the Reflection of Human Strategy by Sumijati Atmosudiro; Prehistoric Dwelling Caves in the Area of Tepian Langsat, Kutai Timur, East Kalimantan by H. Gunadi; Prehistoric Artifacts in Jakarta and Nearby by Ali Akbar; Advancement of Research on the Austronesian in Sulawesi by T. Simanjuntak; Prehistoric Research in the Northern Part of Sulawesi with Special Reference to Liang Sarru by Santoso Sugondho; A Picture of the Physical Environment of the Waruga Stone Grave Sites in the Minahasa Regency, North Sulawesi by Dwi Yani Yuniawaty; Analysis of Glass from Luwu, South Sulawesi, Indonesia by F.D. Bulbeck, Bagyo Prasetyo, J. N. Miksic, D. Barham R. & G.V. Hancock; A Role of Megalithic Culture in Indonesian Cultural History by Bagyo Prasetyo; A Short Review on the Megalithic Functions in Indonesia by Luthfi Yondri; Recent Discovered Burial Systems at Manikliyu, Bali by I Made Sutaba; Some Notes on the Megalithic Remains in Padang Lawas by Sukawati Susetyo; Pottery from Gumuk Mas, a Technology of the Early Metal Period in East Java by Rr. Tri Wuryani; The Batujaya Pottery: Early Hindu Buddhist Pottery in West Java by Eka Asih Putrina Taim; The Cultural Background of Indonesian Musical Instruments by P.E.J. Ferdinandus; The Ramayana in Archaeological and Historical Perspective: from Akhyana to Natya by Timbul Haryono; The Structure of Candi Gumpung at Muara Jambi by Hariani Santiko; A Bronze Siva Mahadeva from Karangnongko by Endang Sri Hardiati Hanuman in the Art of East Java by M.J. Klokke; The Influence of Hindu-Buddhism on Javanese Culture and Society (Some Historical Notes From Selected Sources) by Richadiana Kartakusuma; Old Sundanese Community by Titi Surti Nastiti; Sambas in the History of West Borneo by Bambang Budi Utomo; Archeological Findings Revealed some Quranic Historical Narrations by Umar Anggara Jenie; The Contribution of Islamic Manuscripts for the Study of Islamic Archaeology by Uka Tjandrasasmita; French-Indonesian Archaeological Researches in Bukit Hasang, Barus, North Sumatra Province by D. Perret & Heddy Surachman; Kudus: the Past and the Present by InaJati Adrisijanti; Pegon Script, Identity and the Change o f Santri Society by M. Hisyam; A Brief Elaboration on Lay-Outs of Ancient Mosques and Traditional Houses in Kudus by Libra Hari Inagurasi; Port-Towns-Fortresses: Banten-Buton by Naniek Harkantiningsih Wibisono; The Pecinan in Welahan, Jepara by Sarjiyanto; Motivation and Materialization: Power, Kesaktian and the Balinese Archaeological Record by J.W. Schoenfelder & E.A. Bacus; The Origins of Malagasy: Current Archaeological and Linguistic Evidence by Vida Verpaya Rusianti Kusmartono; Stone Chamber Burial (Leang Pa): a Living Megalithic Tradition in Tana Toraja, South S ulawesi by Retno Handini; Could Traditional Cultures Survive in our World that is more and more Globalised? by Edi Sedyawati; Recognition and Respect of Cultural Diversity: Acceptance of Cultural Diversity as a Key for


Advancement and Welfare by J.T. Peralta; The Pattern of Conflict of Benefiting from Cultural Heritages in Indonesia by Bambang Sulistyanto; Partnership in Cultural Resources Management: Empowering the Stakeholders by Novida Abbas;

SINOPOLI, CARLA M., STEPHEN DUEPPEN, ROBERT BRUBAKER, CHRISTOPHE DESCANTES, MICHAEL D. GLASCOCK, WILL GRIFFIN, HECTOR NEFF, RASMI SHOOCONGDEJ, and ROBERT J. SPEAKMAN 2006. Characterizing the stoneware Dragon Jars in the Guthe Collection: Chemical, decorative, and formal patterning. Asian Perspectives 45: 240-82. STARK, MIRIAM (ed) 2005. Archaeology of Asia. Oxford: Blackwell. Chapters on Southeast Asia: Some National, Regional, and Political Uses of Archaeology in
East and Southeast Asia by I. Glover; and Asian Farming Diasporas? Agriculture, Languages, and Genes in China and Southeast Asia by P. Bellwood.

THOMAS, RICHARD 2005. Philology in Viet Nam and its impact on Southeast Asian cultural history. Modern Asian Studies 39(2): 139.


KHAO CO HOC, Journal of the Institute of Archaeology in Viet Nam, will from this year (2006), have two series in English out of the total of six series per year. This may provide readers with a better chance of keeping updated on archaeological activities and results in Vietnam and abroad. For further details, to submit a paper, or to offer to help in editing and review, please contact: THE HERITAGE JOURNAL is an open-access e-Journal recently launched by Singapores National Heritage Board. It publishes research articles on the history, culture and the art practices of Asia, with an emphasis on material culture, cultural resource management and museum practice. As a Singapore-based publication, The Heritage Journal has a special focus on Singapore and its surrounding region, but will address subjects with a wider Asian or global relevance. In addition to full-length research articles, The Heritage Journal will publish collection, conservation and exhibition notes and reviews, with the goal of fostering research in areas of professional museum practice in the region. The journal began life as Heritage, a publication of the Singapore National Museum in 1977, and has its roots in the Bulletin of the Raffles Museum which began publishing on zoological subjects in 1936 and the Memoirs of the Raffles Museum, a series of monographs which began publication in the 1950s. It has a multinational advisory board comprising of academics and museum professionals from Singapore and the region. The web site presents full text articles. See: INDONESIA, Cornell University Southeast Asia Programs journal is now available online. All issues will be accessible to the Cornell community without restrictions, and all articles more than five years old will be accessible to the public free of charge. Indonesia's archives, which date back to 1966, include essays discussing the history, politics, anthropology, arts, and culture of the nation. Visit the site to find out more information concerning annual print and online subscriptions and pay-per-view access to recent articles (this function will be up and running in the near future, but is not necessary for anyone with a Cornell IP address).


THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ASIA-PACIFIC STUDIES (IJAPS), an electronic journal published by Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, is a scholarly, multidisciplinary, internationally refereed publication focusing primarily on Asia (West, South, Southeast and East), Australasia and the Pacific Rim regions of the Americas (North, Central and South). The disciplines of interest encompass politics, history, indigenous languages and literature, religion, man and the environment, ethno-history, anthropology, cultural heritage, socio-economic development, war and conflict resolution, pre-history and archaeology, and the arts. IJAPS undertakes to publish articles based on original research of the highest scholarship. Scheduled for two issues per calendar year (May and November), each issue features articles and announcements of academic-related events like workshops, seminars, conferences, etc. IJAPS invites contributions of academic-oriented papers (between 10,000-12,000 words), and welcomes brief notes (max. 500 words) on upcoming academic events (for example call for papers, conferences, seminars, workshops, etc.), progress reports on research projects (max. 1000 words), and announcements of new publications). Contact person/website for further information to be included in the announcement. Materials deemed inappropriate shall be rejected. For further details, visit: JOURNAL OF AUSTRONESIAN STUDIES (JAS) is a refereed journal published biannually, beginning June 2005, by the National Museum of Prehistory, Taiwan, Republic of China. JAS is devoted to the study of Austronesian societies from archaeological, anthropological, biological anthropological, and linguistic perspectives. Published both in Chinese and English, JAS welcomes contributions from domestic and international academic communities in the form of research articles, field research reports, research materials, review articles, and book reviews relating to aspects of culture, history, and society amongst Austronesian-speaking peoples. Editor-in-Chief: Cheng-hwa Tsang. Honorary Editor: Peter Bellwood. Publisher: National Museum of Prehistory, No.1 Museum Road, Taitung, 950. Taiwan, R.O.C. Phone: 88689-381166. Fax: 886-89-381199. E-mail: Web site: Subscriptions and orders may be placed via any bookseller or subscription agency, or directly to the publisher. Individual JAS issues are available domestically for NT$200 and internationally for US$20 (surface mail). Annual subscriptions are available through SMC Publishing Inc., First Floor, No.14, Alley 14, Lane 283, Roosevelt Rd., Sec.3, Taipei, Taiwan, 106 (Phone: 886-2-2362-0190; Fax: 886-2-2362-3834; E-mail: THE JOURNAL OF VIETNAMESE STUDIES. University of California Press announces a new peer-reviewed scholarly journal beginning publication in September 2006. The journal aims to publish original humanities and social science research about Vietnamese history, politics, culture and society. It will also publish research on important Vietnam-related topics that have traditionally been segregated from area-studies scholarship such as the Vietnamese diaspora and the "Vietnam War". Scholars working within the fields of pre-modern or modern history, politics, anthropology, archeology, literary studies, cultural studies, religion, art history, geography, sociology and environmental studies are especially encouraged to submit their work. In addition to research articles, the journal will publish book reviews and review articles and, on occasion, interviews, primary sources and literary texts. The journal will normally publish in English but it may commission translations of submissions of foreign-language scholarship. Articles should generally not exceed 12,000 words. Each submission should be accompanied by a cover letter with the authors name, address, phone number and e-mail address, as well as a brief biographical statement, a 100-word abstract, and a word count. Material submitted for publication should be submitted in 3 hard copies, plus as an e-mail attachment, preferably in MS word. Since submissions are refereed anonymously, the authors name should appear only on the cover sheet. Manuscripts must be prepared according to the Chicago Manual


of Style. Notes should be endnotes, not footnotes. Maps should be prepared where the topography is important for an understanding of the text. Photographs should specifically enhance the text and carry full captions and attributions. Maps, photographs and art work may be submitted in clear photocopy form. Vietnamese words should include the appropriate diacritics. Submissions will be returned only if accompanied by a self addressed stamped envelope. Address all editorial correspondence and submissions to one of the editors at the following addresses: Prof. Peter Zinoman, Center for Southeast Asia Studies, UC Berkeley, 2223 Fulton St., No. 617, Berkeley CA 94720-2318; or Prof. Mariam B. Lam, Dept. of Comparative Literature and Foreign Languages, 2401 HMNSS, UC Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521-0321. Alternatively, submissions can be sent electronically to Books for review should fall within the general orientation of the journal and be sent to: Prof. George Dutton, Dept. of Asian Languages and Cultures, UCLA, 290 Royce Hall, Box 951540, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1540. SOUTHEAST ASIAN CERAMICS MUSEUM NEWSLETTER is available on line at: This newsletter is edited by Roxanna Brown and Phariwat Thammapreechakorn, Southeast Asian Ceramics Museum, Bangkok University. Email:


SIKSACAKR (the peer-reviewed journal of the Center for Khmer Studies) seeks papers for its upcoming issues. Siksacakr welcomes articles related to Khmer & Southeast Asian Studies. All articles must be written either in Khmer, English or French and should not exceed 6,500 words (notes and references included). Articles are to be reviewed by the Editorial Committee, which alone decides of their acceptance or not. Accepted articles are published in their original language and translated into Khmer. For further information, contact the Editor-in-Chief: Michel Rethy Antelme. Manuscripts may be submitted to: For those wishing to write an electronic article, there is a new on-line version of SIKSACAKR (published every six months). There is a maximum of 1000 words + references, and no footnotes. Articles must be written either in Khmer, English or French, with a brief abstract (1 paragraph) in English. Manuscripts will be submitted for a review by the Editorial Committee, which alone decides of their acceptance or not. Articles will be displayed in their original language. Articles that have been accepted for on-line publication may eventually be resubmitted in a long version (up to 6,500 words) with footnotes and references. The manuscript will again go through a peer-reviewed process. Contact the Editor-in-Chief: Michel Rethy Antelme. Manuscripts may be submitted to: ASIAN PERSPECTIVES (The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific) is currently soliciting manuscripts on Southeast and East Asian archaeology (prehistoric, historic, bioarchaeological, ethnoarchaeological) for review. Asian Perspectives is the leading archaeological journal devoted to the archaeology of Asia and the Pacific region. In addition to archaeology, it features articles and book reviews on ethnoarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, and physical anthropology. International specialists contribute regional reports summarizing current research and fieldwork, and present topical reports of significant sites. We are especially interested in receiving manuscripts from our Southeast Asian and Asian colleagues on recent work in their regions. We accept manuscripts for review throughout the year and encourage potential contributors to send us manuscripts at any time. For more information on Asian Perspectives (and information on issue contents), consult the following: Our web site also has a page with formatting guidelines for


contributors to the journal. Please submit AP-formatted manuscripts to: Dr. Laura Junker, Asian Perspectives, Department of Anthropology (M/C 027), University of Illinois at Chicago, 1007 West Harrison Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607-7139. The BULLETIN OF THE MUSEUM OF FAR EASTERN ANTIQUITIES invites original manuscripts from scholars worldwide on all aspects of ancient and classical East Asia and adjacent regions, including archaeology, art, and architecture; history and philosophy; literature and linguistics; and related fields. Contributions seriously engaging contemporary critical thought in the humanities and social sciences are especially welcome. The BMFEA primarily publishes articles in English, and occasionally in other European languages. Manuscripts are accepted for review in English, German, French, Japanese and Chinese. Article manuscripts for general issues are reviewed continuously. There are also special thematic issues with separate manuscript deadlines (see our webpage for the latest news). All contributions are peer-reviewed. An electronic copy of articles, submitted together with publication-quality illustrations, is required for final accepted versions. Authors instructions will be sent on demand. E-mail correspondence is preferred. All manuscripts and enquiries should be sent to the BMFEA Editor at: Box 16176, SE-103 24 Stockholm, Sweden. E-mail: Web site: HUKAY, the journal of the Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines, seeks papers on archaeology, material culture, paleohistory, ethnoarchaeology, and cultural resource management. The journal aims to promote the advancement of archaeological research in the Philippines and in the Southeast Asian region. It is publish by the University of the Philippines Press and comes out three times a year. All articles are reviewed by local and international referees. Articles must be written on short bond paper, double-spaced, size 12 font (Times New Roman), 15-25 pages long including references and pictures; they must also contain an abstract and short information on the author/s. Please submit a hardcopy and a disc copy to: The Editor, HUKAY, Archaeological Studies Program, Palma Hall, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines; or email them to:

(end of Part I)