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Mathematics QM016

Topic 1 : Number System Tutorial


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TUTORIAL: NUMBER SYSTEM


1.

Determine whether each statement is true or false


(a) Every counting number is an integer
(b) Zero is a counting number
(c) Negative six is greater than negative three
(d) Some of the integers is natural numbers

2.

List the number describe and graph them on the number line
(a) The counting number smaller than 6
(b) The integer between -3 and 3

3.

Given S = {-3, 0,

1
, e, , 4, 8}, identify the set of
3

(a) natural numbers


(d) rational numbers
4.

(b) whole numbers


(e) irrational numbers

Express each of the numbers as a quotient


(a) 0.7777

(c) integers
(f) real numbers

a
b

(b) 2.7181818.

5.

Write each of the following inequalities in interval notation and show them on the
real number line.
(a) 2 < x < 6
(b) 5 < x < 1
(c) 3 x 7
(d) 2 < x 0
(e) x < 3
(f) x 1
(g) x 2
(h) 3 x < 2

6.

Show each of the following intervals on the real number line.


(a) [2, 3]
(b) (4, 4)
(c) (, 5]
(d) [1, )
(e) (3, 6]
(f) [2, 3)
(g) (2, 0) (3, 6)
(h) [6, 2) [3, 7)

7.

Evaluate
2

1
2

(a)

(b) 27
1

(e) (0.36) 2

1
3

(f) (2.56)

(c)
1
2

(g)

100 2

9
1
2

9 .8
2

1
2

1
2

(d)
(h)

27 3

8
1
3

1
6

2
3

9 .27
3 .3

1
2

Mathematics QM016
Topic 1 : Number System Tutorial
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8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

Simplify the following expressions:


(a)

3 n +2 9 n 27 n

(c)

n +3

32

1
5

(d) 5 n +1 10 n 20 2 n 2 3n

Solve the following equations:


(b) 3 3 = 243

(a)

9 x = 27

(d)

x +2

(g)

7 x - 49 62 x = 0

1x

=128

(e) x

2
5

(c) 2 x +1 =

1
=
16

(f) 4x

2
3

(h) (4 x ) x = 4 8 x

Solve the equations:


(a) 2(2 2 x ) 5(2 x ) + 2 = 0

(b) 3 2 x +1 26(3 x ) 9 = 0

(b) 4 x 6(2 x ) 16 = 0

(d) e 2 x + e x 2 = 0

Express in terms of the simplest possible surds:


(a)

(c)

180

(b)

75

(d)

125

Simplify:
(a)

2 (3 2 2 )

(c)

( 3 2)( 3 1)

(b) (
(d)

2 1)( 2 +1)

( 2 5 +3)(3 5 2)

Rationalise the denominators and simplify in the form a +


(a)

14.

n
2

(b) 4 n 8 3 n 16 4 n

1
8

(c)

1
3+2 5

(e)

1
+
2 +1

1
2 1

Solve the equations:


2

(b)

3
2 3

(d)

1
6 5

b:

1
64

1
9

Mathematics QM016
Topic 1 : Number System Tutorial
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(a)

3x + 1 = x 1

(b)

4 x 9 +1 = 2 x

(c)

4 x +13 x +1 = 12 x

15. Express in logarithmic form:


5

(a)

5 3 = 125

(b) 7 2 = 49

(c) 4 2 = 32

(d)

e2t = 3 x

(e) e0.1t = x + 2

16. Express in index form:

17.

18.

(a)

log 5 625 = 4

(b) log 3 27 = 3

-2
(d)

ln 100 = 4.6052

(e) ln 3 =1.0986

(c) log 1 4 =
2

Evaluate
(a)

log 4 64

(d)

log 125 25

(g)

log 9 2
9

(b) log 10000

(c) log 1 4
2

(e) log 0.1

(f) log 8 0.5

(h) ln e2

(i) e2 + ln3

Simplify
(a) log 3 + log 4

(b) log 2 + log 6 log 4

(c) 2 log 3 + log 2

(d)

log 9

1
log 25 2 log 3 + 2 log 6
2

(f) ln y3 +

(e) log 3

1
ln(x3y6) 5 lny
3

1
y

(g) 2 ln x - 4 ln

- 3 ln (xy)
19.

20.

Solve the equations:


(a) 3 x = 6
(d) (5 x )(5 x 1 ) = 10
(g) 3e-2x = 75

(b) 2 2 x = 5
(e) e2lnx = 9
(h) e2.5x = 40

Solve these equations:

(c) 3 3 x 1 = 7
(f) ex ln3 = 27

Mathematics QM016
Topic 1 : Number System Tutorial
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(a)
(c)
(e)
(g)
(i)

2 log (x 2) = log (2x 5)


log2 (2x 4) = 2 + log2 (x2- 6)
9logx 5 = log5 x
log16 x = (log 4 x)2 , x > 1
ln x = 2 + ln (1-x)

21.

If log 2 x + log x 2 = 2, find x.

22.

Simplify
(a)
( 2 + i )(3 4i)
(c)
(a + bi)2

23.

(b)
(d)
(f)
(h)
(j)

log (x2 + 6) log (x 1) = 1


log3x 2 logx3 = 1
log2 (2 x +1 32 2 ) = x
2 ln x = ln 3 + ln (6 x)
eln(1-x) = 2x

(b) ( 3 + 4i )(3 4i)


(d) i(1 + i)( 2 + i)

Rationalise the denominator of each of the following fractions and express them in
the form a + bi.
(a)

2
1 i

(b)

3 +i
4 3i

(c)

4i
4 + 3i

x + yi

(d) x yi

Solve the following equations for x and y.


(a)
(d)
24.

x + yi = ( 3 + i)(2 3i)

(b) 3 + 4i = (x + yi )(1 + i )

2 + 5i
= x + yi
1 i

(d) x + yi = 2

Find the modulus and argument of the following complex numbers.


(a) ( 1 i )(4 + 3i )

(b)

1 + 7i
1 +i