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Se rae ireat tai Race Car Aerodynamics Designing for Speed by Joseph Katz [B ] BentieyPublishers ] 1 [B] BENTLEY PUBLISHERS | Automotive Books & Manuals Bentley Publishers, a division of Robert Bentley, Inc. 1784 Massachusetts Avenue ‘Cambridge, MA 02138 USA Information that makes 800-423-4595 / 617-547-4170 the difference www. BentleyPublishers -com WARNING—Important Safety Notice Information in this book represents a general summary of aerodynamic engineering principles involved in race car design and construction. Some of these design practices may be dangerousunless undertaken and implemented by experienced persons who are trained in vehicle engineering, design, and construe. tion, The author and publisher have endeavored to ensure the accuracy of this book. However, all infor- mation should be read with the potential risks of racing and vehicle modification in mind. Racing and vehicle design and construction are risky undertakings—both for yourself and for others. Do not race or practice race driving except on a designated race track. No book can teach all aspects of racing and vehicle design and construction. There is no substitute for appropriate engineering credentials and experience. FOR THESE REASONS, THE AUTHOR AND PUBLISHER MAKE NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, THAT THE INFORMATION IN THIS BOOK IS FREE OF ERROR, OR THAT IT WILL MEET THE REQUIRE. MENTS FOR ANY PARTICULAR APPLICATION. THE AUTHOR AND PUBLISHER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND OF FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE, EVEN IF THE AUTHOR AND PUBLISHER HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND EVEN IF A PARTICULAR PURPOSE IS DESCRIBED IN THE BOOK. THE AUTHOR AND PUBLISHER ALSO DISCLAIM ALL LIABILITY FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT RESULT FROM ANY USE OF THE EXAMPLES, INSTRUCTIONS, OR OTHER INFORMATION IN THIS BOOK. Copies of this book may be purchased from selected booksellers, or directly from the publisher by mail. The pub- lisher encourages comments from the reader of this book. These communications have been and will be consid- ered in the preparation of this and other manuals. Please write to Bentley Publishers at the address listed on the top of this page. Since this page cannot legibly accommodate all the copyright notices, the caption credits listing the source of the photographs or illustrations used constitutes an extension of the copyright page. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Katz, Joseph, 1947— Race car aerodynamics : designing for speed / by Joseph Katz. Pp. cm. Includes index. ISBN 0-8376-0142-8 : $34.95 1. Automobiles, racing—Aerodynamics. 2. Automobiles, Racing- -Design and construction. I. Title. TL245,K38_ 1995 629,228--de20 95-34326 cIP Bentley Stock No. GAER 05040302 109876 The paper used in this publication is acid free and meets the requirements of the National Standard for Infor- mation Sciences-Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, Race Car Aerodynamics: Designing for Speed, by Joseph Katz Ph.D ©Copyright 1995 Joseph Katz All rights reserved. All information contained in this book is based on the information available to the publisher at the time of editorial closing. The right is reserved to make changes at. any time without notice, No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, elec. tronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written consent of the publisher, This includes text, figures, and tables. All rights reserved under Berne and Pan-American Copyright conventions The author would like to acknowledge the graphics assistance of the SDSU Media Technology Services. Manufactured in the United States of America Front cover: Photo courtesy of F+W, Swiss Federal Aireraft Factory Back cover: (Photos, from the top) 1992/1993 McLaren MP4/7A Formula One car, courtesy TAG/McLaren; Nissan prototype race car wind tunnel test, courtesy of MIRA; Toyota Celica 1994 Pike's Peak Hill Climb wit ner, courtesy of Rupert Berrington; Ilustration of the Chaparral 23 “fan car” by Brian Hatton