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QUICK ESTIMATE FORMULAS


Horsepower Formulas
Torque Formulas
AC Motor Formulas
Electrical Formulas
Acceleration Formulas
HORSEPOWER FORMULAS
For Rotating Objects
HP =

Where T = Torque (lbft)


N = Speed (rpm)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Objects in Linear Motion HP =

Where F = Force (lbs)


V = Velocity (ft/min)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------For Pumps HP =

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------HP =
Where
GPM = Gallons per Minute
Head = Height of Water (ft)
Efficiency of Pump = %/100
PSI = Pounds per Inch
Specific Gravity of Water = 1.0
1 CuFt per Sec. = 448 GPM
1 PSI = A Head of 2.309 ft (water weight)
62.36 lbs per CuFt at 62F

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------For Fans and Blowers HP =

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------HP =

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------HP =
Where CFM = Cubic Feet per Minute
PSF = Pounds per Square Foot
PIW = Inches of Water Gauge
PSI = Pounds per Square Inch
Efficiency of Fan = %/100
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------For Conveyors HP (verticle)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------HP (horizontal)
Where
F = Force (lbs)
V = Velocity (ft/min)
Coef. of Friction
Ball or Roller Slide = 0.02
Dovetail Slide = 0.20
Hydrostatic Ways = 0.01
Rectangle Ways with Gib = 0.01 to 0.25

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------TORQUE FORMULAS
T = HP x 5252
N
Where T = Torque (LbFt)
HP = Horsepower
N = Speed (rpm)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------T = F x R
Where T = Torque (LbFt)
F = Force (Lbs)
R = Radius (Ft)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ta (accelerating) WK2 x Change in RPM


308 x t (Sec)
Where
Ta = Torque (LbFt)
WK2 = Inertia at Motor Shaft (LbFt)2
t = Time to Accelerate (Sec)
Note:
To change LbFt2 to InLbSec2, Divide by 2.68
To change InLbSec2 to LbFt2, Mult. by 2.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------AC MOTOR FORMULAS
Sync Speed = Freq x 120
Number of Poles
Where Sync Speed = Synchronous Speed (Rpm)
Freq = Frequency (Hz)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------% Slip = (Sync Speed - FL Speed) x 100

Sync Speed
Where FL Speed = Full Load Speed (Rpm)
Sync Speed = Synchronous Speed (Rpm)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Reflected WK2 =
WK2 of Load
(Reduction Ratio)2
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Horsepower Design Equations and Formulas Calculator


Automobile - Car - Truck
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Solving for engine horsepower using the trap speed method.
engine horsepower using the trap speed method
This method uses the speed or velocity at the end of a quarter mile run. It is u
sed to give an estimate of vehicle(car, truck, motorcycle) engine horsepower. We
ight should include the mass of the vehicle, driver and passenger.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Inputs:
vehicle weight kilogramgraingrammilligrampoundslugton longton metricton short
speed or velocity meter/secondcentimeter/hourcentimeter/secondfoot/dayfoot/sec
ondinch/hourinch/secondkilometer/hourkilometer/secondknotmach sea level 15 Cmete
r/daymile/hourmile/secondmillimeter/secondspeed of light in vacuumyard/second

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-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Conversions:
weight = 0
velocity = 0

= 0 pound
= 0 mile/hour

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Solution:
horsepower (hp) = HAS NOT BEEN CALCULATED
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Other Units:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Change Equation
Select an equation to solve for a different unknown
related
Engine horsepower estimate using quarter mile elapsed time
Includes plot and graph

rotating horsepower
Rotating horsepower Rotating horsepower
Torque Torque
Speed Speed - revolutions per minute (rpm)
estimate engine or motor horse power for cars, trucks and motorcycles
trap speed method Estimate of engine horsepower after a quarter mile run using t
he trap speed method.
increase in engine horsepower Determine the increase in engine horsepower when a
n after market modification, race or performance part has been installed with tr
ap speed.
ET method Calculate engine horsepower after a quarter mile run using the ET meth
od.
estimated increase in engine horsepower Compute estimated increase in engine hor
sepower when an after market, racing upgrade or performance part has been instal
led with ET.
Dyno correction factor Dyno correction factor. Factor corrects horsepower for no
rmally aspirated internal combustion engine to a standard humidity, pressure and
temperature after dynamometer measurement.
vehicles power to weight ratio Calculate a vehicles power to weight ratio. Accel
eration is related to the ratio.
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m AJ Design.

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