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Shamshabad – 501218, Hyderabad, AP Department of Electronics & Communication Engg. Academic Year: 2012-13 Semester: ODD


Name of the Course: Course Code: Academic Regulations: Class:

Antennas and Wave Propagation
EC 55022

2009 (R09) III B.Tech I Semester


It gives comprehensive study of basic antenna fundamentals, types of

antennas, radiation pattern, main lobes & side lobes. Student will come to know how the different antennas work, student also gain knowledge in microwave antennas, antenna arrays. Wave propagation concepts, frequency range, transmission losses calculations, space wave propagation, and tropospheric wave propagation.

Level UG

Credits 4

Periods/Week 4


Electromagnetic theory and vector integration And Trigonometric principles

Marks Distribution:

Sessional Marks(25) There shall be 2 midterm examinations. Each midterm examination consists of one objective paper, one subjective paper and one assignment. The objective paper is for 10 marks and subjective paper is for 10 marks, with duration of 1 hour 20 minutes (20 minutes for objective and 60 minutes for subjective paper). Objective paper is set for 20 bits of – multiple choice questions, fill-in the blanks – for the 10 marks. Subjective paper contains of 4 full questions (one from each unit) of which, the student has to answer 2 questions, each carrying 5 marks. First midterm examination shall be conducted for 1-4 units of syllabus and second midterm examination shall be conducted for 5-8 units. 5 marks are allocated for Assignments (as specified by the concerned subject teacher) – first Assignment should be submitted before the

Universit y End Exam Marks 75

Total Marks 100

Electronic and Radio Engineering – F. Marhefka and Ahmad S. McGraw-Hill. T2. McGraw-Hill. Derive the field’s expressions for different types of antennas 4. vl. 4th Edn. 4th edition. 1955. 3rd Edn. TMHl.R. Evaluate different antenna parameters for practical applications. 2001. Understand the radiation Mechanism of Antenna of different kind. O2. 1988. and the better of the two midterm examinations shall be taken as the final marks secured by each candidate. Understand the wave propagation through different layers of atmosphere Course Outcomes: A.V. R4. Tech India Publications. John Wiley & Sons. Ronald J. New Delhi. R2. Glazier and H. Lamont. Horn. PHI. Prasad.. 3. 2. Balmain. Antennas and wave propagation – John D. Marhefka . Antennas for all applications – John D. Kraus.. UHF. 2nd ed. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E.G. Analysis and Design of VHF..L.Transmission and Propagation – E. 2nd ed. 5. Ronald J. Jordan and K. Antennas – John D.conduct of the first mid.D. The Services Text Book of Radio. Kraus.. Microwave antennas such as Helical. Standard Publishers Distributors. Course Educational Objectives: 1. Kraus.D. List of text books / References / Websites / Journals / Others: Text Books: T1. Antenna Theory . 2001. References: R1.A. Balanis. 2000.TMHl.E. Antennas and Wave Propagation – K. Terman. Other Related Reference Books / Materials: O1. Design the different types of antenna arrays 6. 2010. and Microchip antennas 7.C. Khan. Design the antennas and draw their radiation patterns 5. Special Indian edition. Understand the features of Lens antennas and Measurements of Antenna parameters 8. The total marks secured by the student in each midterm examination are evaluated for 25 marks. SECOND EDITION. and the second Assignment should be submitted before the conduct of the second mid. Delhi. Satya Prakashan. Ability to solve the problems associated with the antenna performance B. R3. Ability to analyze the performance of different antennas ECE/2012-13 .C.

Beam Efficiency.I : Arrays with Parasitic Elements. ANTENNA ARRAYS : Point sources-Defination.UHF.Uda Arrays.Antenna Theorem. Zoning.flar sheet and corner reflectors. Uniform Linear Arrays – Broadside. Ability to build VHF.Reciprocity. Principle of pattern Multiplication.optimum horns. Derivation of their characteristics and comparison.Features. Radiation Resistances and Directivities of small and large loops(Qualitative Treatment). EFA with Increased Directivity. Quarterwave Monopole and Halfwave Dipole – Current Distributions. Ability to build some mini projects on antennas D.rectangular patch antennas-geometry and parameters.Fermats Principle.Illustrative problems. Fields from oscillating dipoles. Retarded Potentials-Helmholtz theorem .reflector types-related features. Gain and Resolution. Yagi . Far fields and patterns of Thin Linear Center-fed Antennas of different lengths. Patterns. Antenna Apertures. Antenna temparature. Helix modes.BSA’s with non uniform amplitude distributions-general considarations and Binomial Arrays.feed methods.reflector antennasintroduction.Radiated Powe Radiation Resistance. Fields zones shape impedance considerations. Tolerances. Effective Area and Effective Hight. Directivty. practical Design considerations for monofilar helical antennas in Axial Mode and Normal Modes.Small Loop. Related Problems. Thin Linear Wire Antennas: Radiation from Small Electric Dipole. Field Components.Microwave antennas Microchip antennas F. UHF AND MICROWAVE ANTENNAS . Related Problems. Comparison of far fields of small loop and short dipole.Radiation Intensity. Related Problems.Applications.different cases. UHF AND MICROWAVE ANTENNAS .Front to back ratio.Geometry of non-metalic Dielectric Lenses. Effective Hight. And Radar comm.advantages and limitations. Lens Antennas – Introduction. Ability to design the antennas as per the specifications of real time applications E. Beamwidths. Endfire Arrays.beam area.pattern characteristics. Natural current distributions.Helica Geometry. Antenna Measurements –Introduction.sources of errors. design considerations of pyramidal horns. I Topics Periods II ANTENNA BASICS: Introduction. Illustrated Problems VHF.C. Ability to understand the satellite comm.concepts.paraboloidal reflectors-geometry.coordinate system. Helical Antennas.characteristics of microstrip antennas.basic antenna parameterspatterns. Radiation-Basic Max well’s eqations. Loop Antennas :Introduction.impact of different parameters on characteristics.II: Microstrip Antennas-Introduction. Understanding the modern and compact antenna structures G. Folded Dipoles & their characteristics.Horn antennsTypes.. Patterns to be 8 8 III 7 IV 7 V 8 VI 7 ECE/2012-13 .arrays of 2 Isotropic sources. Directivity. Topics: Unit No.near and far fields. VHF.

analyze and interpret data.plane earth reflections. Workshops.definitions.effect of earth’s curvature. WAVE PROPAGATION . h) An ability to communicate effectively in both verbal and written form effectively.ray path. Assignments.fading and path loss calculations. g) An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility.VII VIII Topics Beyond Syllabus Relationship to ECE Programme Educational Outcomes (PEOs): Outcome a) An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics. etc.summary of wave characteristics in different frequency ranges. c)An ability to design and conduct experiments. Work shops Problem solving. Level S P P 8 7 Proficiency Assessed by P S S S P S S P Lectures .V-antenna and Travelling wave antennas. Exams ***P-Primary Theme ** S-Secondary Theme * N-Non – Trivial Theme Prepared By : and surface waves.absorption.Gain Measurements (by Comparison.relation between MUF and skip distance.multi-hop propagation. Assignments.super refraction. software and equipment to analyze problems. Lectures Mini Projects.virtual height and skip distance. Workshops Mini Projects.MUF. environmental.structure of ionosphere. Technical Seminars.curved earth reflections. Lectures.field strength variation with distance and height. measured.critical frequency.refraction and reflection of sky waves by ionosphere. technical seminars Seminars.wave tilt.Pandu Ranga Reddy Date : 10-07-2012 ECE/2012-13 .I: Introduction. Work shops Lectures. j) A recognition of the need for. WAVE PROPAGATION . i) A knowledge of impact of engineering solutions on the society and also on contemporary issues. Workshops Discussions. and safety manufacturability and sustainability. component or process to meet desired needs within realistic constraints such as economic.tropospheric propagation. ethical.scattering phenomena. Assignments. Exercises Discussions. political.Space Wave Propagation –Introduction.LUF.II: Sky wave propagationIntroduction. Assignments. Assessments Lectures. and an ability to engage in self education and life-long learning.different modes of wave propagation. d) An ability to design a system. social. some non-resonant antennas like Rhombic. science and engineering b) An ability to identify. skills and modern engineering tools necessary to face competitive examinations and engineering practices. e) An ability to function on multi-disciplinary terms f) The ability to use modern engineering tools. Absolute and 3-Antenna Methods). formulate and solve engineering problems. Technical seminars Lectures. Directivity measurement.OF.ray/mode concepts. Ground Wave Propagation(qualitative treatment)–Introduction. k) An ability to use the techniques.M-curves and duct propagation. Questionnaires Lectures.pattern measurement loss in ionosphere. Assignments.categorizations and general classifications.

ECE/2012-13 .