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Chyrsella Patrick Science

Science Assignment

22/08/11

Plant Nutrition: Why is nutrients need for plants? Plants need air, light, warmth, water and nutrients to be healthy. If they are healthy, they can continue making their own food through photosynthesis. What a Plant needs to grow?

air light warmth water nutrients

PHOTOSYNSIS EQUATION:

How Plants Receive Nutrients? Plants absorb nutrients and water through their roots, but photosynthesis, which occurs in the leaves. Plants need to get fluids and nutrients from the ground up through their stems to their parts that are above ground level. As animals, plants also contain vascular tissues (xylem cell), which transports water and minerals up from the roots to the leaves, and phloem, which transports sugar molecules, amino acids, and hormones both up and down through the plant. The leaves of plants also contain veins, through which nutrients and hormones travel to reach the cells throughout the leaf. Veins are easy to see. Sap is the mix of water and minerals that moves through the xylem cell. Carbohydrates move through the phloem. There are several different transportation through the xylem and phloem; their main function is to keep all cells of the plant hydrated and nourished.

Chyrsella Patrick Science

Science Assignment

22/08/11

Inside the cells of the root, there is a higher concentration of minerals than there is in the soil surrounding the plant. It creates root pressure, which forces water up out of the root through the xylem as more water and minerals are pulled into the root from the soil. This force results in Guttation, which is the formation of tiny droplets on the ends of leaves or grass early in the morning the water-drops. The reason these droplets are seen in the morning is because transpiration, doesn't occur at night, so the pressure builds until morning. Those droplets are not just water, they're sap as well. And, those sap droplets are proof that water and minerals get pulled up from the soil and transported through the entire plant. What is Guttation? Guttation= is the appearance of drops of xylem sap on the tips or edges of leaves of some vascular plants, such as grasses. Guttation is not to be confused with dew, which condenses from the atmosphere onto the plant surface. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guttation, This page was last modified on 11 August 2011 at 18:09, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) Sources of plant nutrients: The nutrients available in a given soil ultimately depend on the rock from which the soil was made. If the plants grown from this soil die and decay where they have grown then their nutrients are recycled. However, if the plants have been grown for agriculture then they are removed from the area in which they have grown and their nutrients cannot be recycled. So in soils that are used for cropping, essential nutrients continually have to be replaced.