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Application Application of of industrial industrial heat heat pumps pumps Proven Proven applications

Application Application of of industrial industrial heat heat pumps pumps

Proven Proven applications applications in in 2012 2012 for for Megawatt+ Megawatt+

Heatpumps Heatpumps within within a a technical, technical, commercial commercial and and

sustainable sustainable framework framework

and and sustainable sustainable framework framework Dave Pearson, Director of Inno vation, Star Refrigeration

Dave Pearson, Director of Innovation, Star Refrigeration Ltd

Philippe Nellissen, Product Manager Industrial applications, Emerson Climate Technologies GmbH

Star Refrigeration Ltd Philippe Nellissen, Product Mana ger Industrial applications, Emerson Climate Technologies GmbH
Star Refrigeration Ltd Philippe Nellissen, Product Mana ger Industrial applications, Emerson Climate Technologies GmbH

Emerson Emerson Is Is a a Leader Leader in in Its Its Core Core Global Global

Businesses Businesses & & Markets Markets

2

#1 AC & DC Power Systems #1 OEM Embedded Power #1 Precision Cooling Systems #1
#1 AC & DC Power Systems
#1 OEM Embedded Power
#1 Precision Cooling Systems
#1 Access & Control (KVM)
#1 Power Switching & Controls
#1 Control Valves #1 Measurement Devices #1 Wireless Devices
#1 Control Valves
#1 Measurement Devices
#1 Wireless Devices
#1 Compressors #1 Controls
#1 Compressors
#1 Controls

2011

#1 Alternators #1 Fluid Control #1 Ultrasonic Welding
#1 Alternators
#1 Fluid Control
#1 Ultrasonic Welding
#1 Food Waste Disposer #1 Plumbing Tools #1 Wet/Dry Vacuums #1 Mobile Point-of-Care Carts
#1 Food Waste Disposer
#1 Plumbing Tools
#1 Wet/Dry Vacuums
#1 Mobile Point-of-Care Carts

US $24.2 Billion

in Sales

Emerson Emerson Climate Climate Technologies Technologies Core Offerings & Key Brands Core Offerings & Key
Emerson Emerson Climate Climate Technologies Technologies
Core Offerings & Key Brands
Core Offerings & Key Brands
Residential Heating
& Air Conditioning
Commercial Heating
& Air Conditioning
Commercial &
Industrial Refrigeration
Electronic Services
& Solutions
Technologies that deliver
indoor comfort and reduce
energy costs
High-quality, reliable and
energy efficient HVAC
solutions for every type
of work space
Proven refrigeration solutions
to protect
and safeguard food
and the environment
Facility design,
commissioning and energy
management, including 24/7
energy monitoring
Sales
2011 Sales
$4.0B

StarStar RefrigerationRefrigeration

Largest in UK
Largest in
UK
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4

Est. 1970

Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
350+ employees
350+
employees
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4
Star Star Refrigeration Refrigeration Largest in UK Est. 1970 350+ employees 4

Where’sWhere’s thethe valuevalue forfor IndustrialIndustrial HeatHeat PumpsPumps ??

Heat Heat Source Needs Equipment Capability End‐ User Vision
Heat
Heat
Source
Needs
Equipment
Capability
End‐ User
Vision
Return On Investment
Return On
Investment
SourceSourceSource andandand Need:Need:Need: HowHowHow doesdoesdoes ititit work?work?work? Other sources ? High
SourceSourceSource andandand Need:Need:Need: HowHowHow doesdoesdoes ititit work?work?work?
Other sources ?
High temperature (high pressure) needed
Low pressure ratio capability (two-stage) needed
The The The compressor compressor compressor is is is the the the engine engine engine

TheTheThe compressorcompressorcompressor isisis thethethe engineengineengine ofofof thethethe applicationapplicationapplication

of of of the the the application application application Single Screw Technolog y 61.5 bar std
of of of the the the application application application Single Screw Technolog y 61.5 bar std

Single

Screw

Technolog

y

61.5 bar std operating point- 99°C 7
61.5 bar std
operating point-
99°C
7
The The The limits limits limits of of of any any any application application application

TheTheThe limitslimitslimits ofofof anyanyany applicationapplicationapplication --- pressurepressurepressure

Same Temperature as Hot Water Boiler

application application - - - pressure pressure pressure Same Temperature as Hot Water Boiler 61.5 Bar
61.5 Bar
61.5 Bar
application application - - - pressure pressure pressure Same Temperature as Hot Water Boiler 61.5 Bar

8

Ammonia

99°C

Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability Investment ; likely 10x cost of a

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

Investment; likely 10x cost of a gas burner

Operating cost – spare parts (remember the Red line

analogy!)

An emerging market but little life cycle data over 10 years

Reliability

Uptime is crucial (a heatpump can’t save money if it isn’t operating)

ROI

Complex assessment - hourly energy cost variances

Options for power company rebates if managed connection accepted

COP > Elec price/gas price

OPEX SAVING FOR CAPEX PAYBACK

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability

Heat

Cost of

Cost of

COPb

COPh

Capital

Utilisation

Cost Gas

Cost of Heatpump

Break Even

Demand

Gas

Electricity

cost

Heating

Q

Point

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

   

€/KW

hrs/pa

€/pa

€/pa

Years

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

350

4000

150,000

106,667

8.08

Heat Demand

Cost of Gas

Cost of Electricity

COPb

COPh

Capital cost

Utilisation

Cost Gas Heating

Cost of Heatpump Q

Break Even Point

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

   

€/KW

hrs/pa

€/pa

€/pa

Years

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

 

0.8

0.8

0.8

Cost

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

3

3

3

3

3

3

Utility price Efficiency

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

350

A simple model of

333

316

300

285

285

285

285

285

285

285

Break Even

285

285

4000

4000

4000

4000

4000

4000

4000

4000

4000

4000

4000

Point

4000

4000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

106667

8.08

7.67

7.29

6.92

6.58

6.58

6.58

6.58

6.58

6.58

6.58

6.58

6.58

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

285

4000

150000

106667

6.58

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

285

4000

150000

106667

6.58

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

285

4000

150000

106667

6.58

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

285

4000

150000

106667

6.58

 

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

 

Heat

Cost of

Cost of

COPb

COPh

Capital

Utilisation

Cost Gas

Cost of Heatpump

Break Even

Demand

Gas

Electricity

Cost

Heating

Q

Point

 

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

   

€/kW

hrs/pa

€/pa

€/pa

Years

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

350

4000

150,000

106,667

8.08

Heat

Cost of

Cost of

COPb

COPh

Capital

Utilisation

Cost Gas

Cost of Heatpump

Break Even

Demand

Gas

Electricity

Cost

Heating

Q

Point

 

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

   

€/kW

hrs/pa

€/pa

€/pa

Years

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

106667

8.08

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

333

4000

150000

106667

7.67

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

316

4000

150000

106667

7.29

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

300

4000

150000

106667

6.92

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

285

4000

150000

106667

6.58

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

285

4000

150000

106667

6.58

 

8 Years B.E.P! Make it cheaper?

 

11

But lowering the cost by 5% “ 4times” makes little difference.

8 Years B.E.P! Make it cheaper?   11 But lowering the cost by 5% “ 4times”

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability

Heat

Cost of

Cost of

   

Capital

 

Cost Gas

Cost of Heatpump

Break Even

Demand

Gas

Electricity

COPb

COPh

cost

Utilisation

Heating

Q

Point

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

   

€/kW

hrs/pa

€/pa

€/pa

Years

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

 

3

350

4000

150000

106667

8.08

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

 

3.1 350

4000

150000

103226

7.48

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3.2 350

4000

150000

100000

7.00

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3.3 350

4000

150000

96970

6.60

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.080

0.080

0.080

Make it

0.080

0.080

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7

350

350

350

better –

350

3.8 350

4000

8 Years B.E.P!

4000

4000

4000

4000

150000

150000

150000

higher COP!

150000

150000

94118

91429

88889

86486

84211

6.26

5.98

5.73

5.51

5.32

 

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.080

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

4

4.1

4.2

3.9 350

350

350

350

350

4000

Increasing the COP by 50% halves the B.E.P. And can be easy to do.

4000

4000

4000

4000

150000

150000

150000

150000

150000

82051

80000

78049

76190

74419

5.15

5.00

4.86

4.74

4.63

0.8

4.3

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

 

4.4 350

4000

150000

72727

4.53

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

4.5 350

4000

150000

71111

4.44

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

4.6 350

4000

150000

69565

4.35

 

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

 
 

Heat

Cost of

Cost of

     

Capital

 

Cost Gas

Cost of Heatpump

Break Even

Demand

Gas

Electricity

COPb

COPh

cost

Utilisation

Heating

 

Q

Point

 

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

     

€/kW

hrs/pa

€/pa

 

€/pa

Years

 

1000

0.030

0.080

 

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

 

106667

8.08

1000

0.030

0.084

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

112000

9.21

1000

0.030

0.088

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

117600

10.80

1000

0.030

0.093

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

123480

13.20

1000

0.030

0.097

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

129654

17.20

1000

0.030

0.102

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

136137

25.25

1000

0.030

0.107

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

142944

49.60

1000

0.030

0.113

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

150091

NA

1000

1000

0.030

0.030

0.118

0.124

0.8

0.8

3

3

350

350

4000

4000

150000

The Dooms Day Scenario

150000

 

157595

165475

NA

NA

 

1000

1000

1000

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.130

widening Gas vs.

0.137

0.144

0.8

0.8

0.8

3

3

3

350

350

350

4000

4000

4000

150000

Electricity price

150000

150000

173749

182436

191558

NA

NA

NA

1000

1000

1000

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.151

0.158

0.166

 

0.8

0.8

0.8

3

3

3

350

350

Time to go to the

350

4000

4000

4000

150000

150000

Pub!

150000

 

201136

211193

221752

NA

NA

NA

1000

0.030

0.175

 

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

 

232840

NA

221752 NA NA NA 1000 0.030 0.175   0.8 3 350 4000 150000   232840 NA

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability

Heat

Cost of

Cost of

   

Capital

 

Cost Gas

Cost of Heatpump

Break Even

Demand

Gas

Electricity

COPb

COPh

cost

Utilisation

Heating

Q

Point

 

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

   

€/kW

hrs/pa

€/pa

€/pa

Years

 

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

106667

8.08

 

1000

0.032

0.084

0.8

3

350

4000

157500

112000

7.69

1000

0.033

0.088

0.8

3

350

4000

165375

117600

7.33

1000

0.035

0.093

0.8

3

350

4000

173644

123480

6.98

1000

0.036

0.097

0.8

3

350

4000

182326

129654

6.64

1000

0.038

0.102

0.8

3

350

4000

191442

136137

6.33

1000

0.040

0.107

0.8

3

350

4000

201014

142944

6.03

1000

0.042

0.113

0.8

3

350

4000

211065

150091

5.74

1000

0.044

0.118

0.8

3

350

4000

221618

157595

5.47

1000

0.047

0.124

0.8

3

350

4000

232699

165475

5.21

1000

0.049

0.130

0.8

3

350

4000

244334

173749

4.96

1000

0.051

0.137

0.8

3

350

4000

256551

182436

4.72

1000

0.054

0.144

0.8

3

350

4000

269378

191558

4.50

1000

0.057

0.151

0.8

3

350

4000

282847

201136

4.28

1000

0.059

0.158

0.8

3

350

4000

296990

211193

4.08

1000

0.062

0.166

0.8

3

350

4000

311839

221752

3.89

1000

0.065

0.175

0.8

3

350

4000

327431

232840

3.70

 

Rising Energy Cost Gas & Electricity price

   
 

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

  Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability

Heat

Cost of

Cost of

COPb

COPh

Capital

Utilisation

Cost

Cost of HP

BEP

NPV (10 yr)*

NPV (15 yr)*

Demand

Gas

Electricity

cost

Gas Heating

Q

 

kW

€/kWh

€/kWh

   

€/kW

hrs/pa

€/pa

€/pa

Years

( savings cost)

( savings cost)

1000

0.030

0.080

0.8

3

350

4000

150000

106667

8.08

83,333 €

300,000 €

1000

0.032

0.084

0.8

3.1 350

4200

165375

113806

6.79

165,685 €

423,528 €

1000

0.033

0.088

0.8

3.2 350

4410

182326

121551

5.76

257,753 €

561,630 €

1000

0.035

0.093

0.8

3.3 350

4631

201014

129949

4.93

360,657 €

715,985 €

1000

0.036

0.097

0.8

3.4 350

4862

221618

139055

4.24

475,637 €

888,455 €

1000

0.038

0.102

0.8

3.5 350

5105

244334

148928

3.67

604,067 €

1,081,100 €

1000

0.040

0.107

0.8

3.6 350

5360

269378

159632

3.19

747,468 €

1,296,202 €

 

1000

0.042

0.113

0.8

 

3.7 350

5628

296990

171237

2.78

907,524 €

 

1,536,286 €

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

0.044

0.047

0.049

0.051

0.054

0.057

0.118

0.124

0.130

0.137

0.144

0.151

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

3.8

3.9

4

4.1

4.2

4.3

350

350

350

350

350

350

5910

6205

6516

6841

7183

7543

Rising Energy Cost Gas & Electricity price

327431

Improving COP and increasing utilisation

B.E.P – 1.03 years.

360993

397995

438789

483765

And significant Net Present Value

533351

183821

197466

212264

228313

245722

264608

2.44

2.14

1.88

1.66

1.47

> €3M

1.30

1,086,102 €

1,285,267 €

1,507,308 €

1,754,761 €

2,030,431 €

2,337,427 €

1,804,153 €

2,102,900 €

2,435,963 €

2,807,141 €

3,220,646 €

3,681,141 €

1000

0.059

0.158

0.8

 

4.4 350

7920

588019

285100

1.16

2,679,191 €

4,193,786 €

1000

0.062

0.166

0.8

4.5 350

8316

648291

307338

1.03

3,059,532 €

4,764,298 €

*Assumes zero bank interest Investment = 350,000 €

Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability Heat Cost of Cost of Capital Cost

FactorsFactors affectingaffecting economiceconomic viabilityviability

Heat Cost of Cost of Capital Cost Cost of HP COPb COPh Utilisation BEP NPV
Heat
Cost of
Cost of
Capital
Cost
Cost of HP
COPb
COPh
Utilisation
BEP
NPV (10 yr)*
NPV (15 yr)*
Demand
Gas
Electricity
cost
Gas Heating
Q
kW
€/kWh
€/kWh
€/kW
hrs/pa
€/pa
€/pa
Years
( ∑ savings ‐ cost)
( ∑ savings ‐
cost)
1000
0.030
0.080
0.8
3
350
4000
150000
106667
8.08
83,333 €
300,000 €
1000
0.031
0.082
0.8
3.05
350
4080
156060
109157
7.46
119,033 €
353,549 €
1000
0.031
0.083
0.8
3.1
350
4162
162365
111735
6.91
156,299 €
409,448 €
1000
0.032
0.085
0.8
3.15
350
4245
168924
114404
6.42
195,206 €
467,808 €
1000
0.032
0.087
0.8
3.2
350
4330
175749
117166
5.97
235,830 €
528,745 €
1000
0.033
0.088
0.8
3.25
350
4416
182849
120024
5.57
278,251 €
592,376 €
1000
0.034
0.090
0.8
3.3
350
4505
190236
122981
5.20
322,552 €
658,829 €
1000
0.034
0.092
0.8
3.35
350
4595
197922
126040
4.87
368,821 €
728,231 €
1000
0.035
0.094
0.8
3.4
350
4687
205918
129203
4.56
417,145 €
800,717 €
1000
0.036
0.096
0.8
3.45
350
4780
214237
132475
4.28
467,619 €
876,429 €
1000
0.037
0.098
0.8
3.5
350
4876
222892
135858
4.02
520,341 €
955,511 €
1000
0.037
0.099
0.8
3.55
350
4973
231897
139356
3.78
575,410 €
1,038,116 €
1000
0.038
0.101
0.8
3.6
350
5073
241266
142972
3.56
632,934 €
1,124,401 €
1000
0.039
0.103
0.8
3.65
350
5174
251013
146711
3.36
693,021 €
1,214,531 €
1000
0.040
0.106
0.8
3.7
350
5278
261154
150575
3.17
755,786 €
1,308,678 €
1000
0.040
0.108
0.8
3.75
350
5383
271704
154570
2.99
821,347 €
1,407,021 €

* assumes zero bank interest

Investment

€ 350,000

ROI (NPV/Inv)/10 13.5%

Moderate Fuel Cost rises, Good Application Fit, Moderate Utilisation

A very attractive NPV and ROI

Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability All in one graph All in one
Factors Factors affecting affecting economic economic viability viability
All in one graph
All in one graph
COP=3
8.5
5% Utilisation increase
Gas= 0.03 €/kW
Elec= 0.08 €/kW
4000 hr/yr
8.0
5% Gas Increase
7.5
5% Gas and Electricity Increase
7.0
0.1 COP, 5 % Gas and Electricity, Utilisation Increase
6.5
0.05 COP, 2% Gas and Electricity, Utilisation Increase
6.0
2 % Gas and Electricity, Utilisation Increase
5.5
COP=3
5.0
COP=3
4.5
Gas= 0.062 €/kW
Elec= 0.166 €/kW
Gas= 0.0404 €/kW
Elec= 0.108 €/kW
5383 hr/yr
4000
hr/yr
4.0
3.5
COP=3
COP=3
3.0
Gas= 0.03 €/kW
Elec= 0.08 €/kW
Gas= 0.062 €/kW
Elec= 0.08 €/kW
2.5
8316 hr/yr
COP=3.75
4000
hr/yr
2.0
Gas= 0.04 04€/kW
Elec= 0.108 €/kW
1.5
5383hr/yr
COP=4.5
1.0
0.5
Gas= 0.062 €/kW
Elec= 0.166 €/kW
8316 hr/yr
0.0
0.030
0.035
0.040
0.045
0.050
0.055
0.060
0.065
Breakeven Point in Years

Gas Price €/kWh

Already Already developed developed tool tool for for optimised optimised installations-Optimised COP

Already Already developed developed tool tool for for optimised optimised

installations-Optimised COP

installations-Optimised COP

developed tool tool for for optimised optimised installations-Optimised COP installations-Optimised COP 18

18

Case Case Studies Studies

From From several several hundred hundred kW kW to to Several Several MW MW

Actual (8 actual projects = 30MW supply)

District Heating @ Drammen

Chocolate Factory @ Nestlé

Emerson Compressor Plant

See more @ www.neatpumps.com

Potential

LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER

POWER STATION OPTIMISATION

FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION PLANT

Potential – LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER – POWER STATION OPTIMISATION – FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION PLANT 19
Case Case Studies Studies From From several several hundred hundred kW kW to to Several
Case Case Studies Studies
From From several several hundred hundred kW kW to to Several Several MW MW
16000
14000
12000
#3
#2
10000
8000
6000
4000
#1
2000
0
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
HEATING CAPACITY kW

HOT WATER TEMPERATURE °C

The The world’s world’s largest largest ammonia ammonia heatpump? heatpump? 14 MW, 90°C, District heating

TheThe world’sworld’s largestlargest ammoniaammonia heatpump?heatpump?

largest largest ammonia ammonia heatpump? heatpump? 14 MW, 90°C, District heating 3 x 2 stage 4.6
largest largest ammonia ammonia heatpump? heatpump? 14 MW, 90°C, District heating 3 x 2 stage 4.6

14 MW, 90°C, District heating 3 x 2 stage 4.6 MW Systems

14 MW, 90°C, District heating 3 x 2 stage 4.6 MW Systems COP heating = 3.0

COPheating = 3.0

Evaporating temp. 2°C

Sea water 8 to 4°C

Condensing temp. 89°C

District heating water 60 – 90°C

Physical Physical arrangement arrangement Water intake pipe New District heating plant 22

PhysicalPhysical arrangementarrangement

Water intake pipe New District heating plant
Water intake pipe
New District heating plant

22

Physical Physical arrangement arrangement Water intake pipe New District heating plant 22
COP h 2.8 COPh 3.3 COPh 3.0 23
COP h 2.8 COPh 3.3 COPh 3.0 23
COP h 2.8 COPh 3.3 COPh 3.0 23

COPh 2.8

COPh 3.3 COPh 3.0
COPh 3.3
COPh 3.0
COP h 2.8 COPh 3.3 COPh 3.0 23
Factory Factory manufacturing manufacturing 24

FactoryFactory manufacturingmanufacturing

Factory Factory manufacturing manufacturing 24
DrammenDrammen buildingbuilding
DrammenDrammen buildingbuilding
Operating Operating data data collection collection Total Heating Total Abs Power Total Cooling 12726 kW

OperatingOperating datadata collectioncollection

Operating Operating data data collection collection Total Heating Total Abs Power Total Cooling 12726 kW 3996

Total Heating Total Abs Power Total Cooling

12726 kW 3996 kW 8730 kW

COPh

3.18

(59C to 85C)

Nestlé Nestlé Halifax, Halifax, England England 1.6 MW, 61°C, Process heating 2 x 1 stage

NestléNestlé Halifax,Halifax, EnglandEngland

Nestlé Nestlé Halifax, Halifax, England England 1.6 MW, 61°C, Process heating 2 x 1 stage 0.8

1.6 MW, 61°C, Process heating 2 x 1 stage 0.8 MW Systems

1.6 MW, 61°C, Process heating 2 x 1 stage 0.8 MW Systems COP heating = 3.39

COPheating = 3.39

Evaporating temp. -5°C

Glycol/water 5 to 0°C

Condensing temp. 60°C

Process heating water 12 – 60°C

Food Food Factory Factory Heating Heating System System 28

FoodFood FactoryFactory HeatingHeating SystemSystem

Food Food Factory Factory Heating Heating System System 28
Emerson Emerson Compressor Compressor Factory Factory Test Lab Cooling 330kW 3C Process Equipment Heating 490kW
Emerson Emerson Compressor Compressor Factory Factory Test Lab Cooling 330kW 3C Process Equipment Heating 490kW

EmersonEmerson CompressorCompressor FactoryFactory

Test Lab Cooling 330kW 3C
Test
Lab
Cooling
330kW
3C
Compressor Factory Factory Test Lab Cooling 330kW 3C Process Equipment Heating 490kW 65C 320000kg CO2 29
Compressor Factory Factory Test Lab Cooling 330kW 3C Process Equipment Heating 490kW 65C 320000kg CO2 29
Process Equipment Heating 490kW 65C 320000kg CO2
Process
Equipment
Heating
490kW
65C
320000kg CO2

29

Compressor Factory Factory Test Lab Cooling 330kW 3C Process Equipment Heating 490kW 65C 320000kg CO2 29
Case Case Studies Studies #1 #1 Boiler Boiler make make up up LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER
Case Case Studies Studies #1 #1 Boiler Boiler make make up up LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER

CaseCase StudiesStudies #1#1 BoilerBoiler makemake upup

LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER (total loss steam use) Process

Studies #1 #1 Boiler Boiler make make up up LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER (total loss steam use)
Cooling
Cooling
Studies #1 #1 Boiler Boiler make make up up LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER (total loss steam use)
Heating
Heating
Studies #1 #1 Boiler Boiler make make up up LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER (total loss steam use)

30

Case Case Studies Studies #1 #1 Boiler Boiler make make up up LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER
Case Case Studies Studies #1 #1 Boiler Boiler make make up up LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER

CaseCase StudiesStudies #1#1 BoilerBoiler makemake upup

LARGE CHEMICAL PRODUCER (total loss steam use)

20,000 l/hr of make up 24/7/365 10C to 90C = 80K pre-heat =1887 kW demand =€817,600 / year

Cooling
Cooling
= 80K pre-heat =1887 kW demand =€817,600 / year Cooling Heating Even pre-heating to 60C =
Heating
Heating

Even pre-heating to 60C = 50K pre-heat = €511k / year

pre-heat =1887 kW demand =€817,600 / year Cooling Heating Even pre-heating to 60C = 50K pre-heat

31

Case Case Studies Studies #2 #2 Flue Flue gas gas systems systems CHP plant 32

CaseCase StudiesStudies #2#2 FlueFlue gasgas systemssystems

CHP plant

Case Case Studies Studies #2 #2 Flue Flue gas gas systems systems CHP plant 32

32

Case Case Studies Studies #2 #2 Flue Flue gas gas systems systems Fluegas 32°C 80°C

CaseCase StudiesStudies #2#2 FlueFlue gasgas systemssystems

Fluegas 32°C

80°C Neatpump 30°C 50°C Fluegas 120°C 51°C Electricity
80°C
Neatpump
30°C
50°C
Fluegas 120°C
51°C
Electricity
systems Fluegas 32°C 80°C Neatpump 30°C 50°C Fluegas 120°C 51°C Electricity COPh: 5.5 District Heating 33

COPh: 5.5

systems Fluegas 32°C 80°C Neatpump 30°C 50°C Fluegas 120°C 51°C Electricity COPh: 5.5 District Heating 33

District

Heating

Case Case Studies Studies #2 #2 Flue Flue gas gas systems systems CHP plant Heat

CaseCase StudiesStudies #2#2 FlueFlue gasgas systemssystems

CHP plant

#2 #2 Flue Flue gas gas systems systems CHP plant Heat available at varying temperatures Can

Heat available at varying temperatures Can be boosted to 90C Allows heat recovery even when District return water is “warm”

10,000kW @ COPh = 5.5 and gas @ €0.03 and elec @ €0.09

With gas, efficiency 80%, 10MW, 8000hrs costs €3.0M per year

With Electricity, efficiency 95% and COPh = 5.5, 10MW, 8000hrs costs €1.38M per year (and the flue gas cooling costs are removed) Saving €1.62M per year B.E.P for €3M Neatpump = 1.85 years

34

Case Case Studies Studies #3 #3 Ethanol Ethanol Distillation Distillation 88.9 Billion liters of ethanol

CaseCase StudiesStudies #3#3 EthanolEthanol DistillationDistillation

88.9 Billion liters of ethanol produced per year world wide Generally accepted this has a negative energy yield

more energy used in production than eventual combustion!

Generally accepted this has a negative energy yield – more energy used in production than eventual
Generally accepted this has a negative energy yield – more energy used in production than eventual
Generally accepted this has a negative energy yield – more energy used in production than eventual
Case Case Studies Studies #3 #3 Ethanol Ethanol Distillation Distillation 36 R. Katzen, P.W. Madson

CaseCase StudiesStudies #3#3 EthanolEthanol DistillationDistillation

Studies #3 #3 Ethanol Ethanol Distillation Distillation 36 R. Katzen, P.W. Madson and G.D. Moon, Jr

36

R. Katzen, P.W. Madson and G.D. Moon, Jr KATZEN International, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Case Case Studies Studies #3 #3 Ethanol Ethanol Distillation Distillation 10MW heat 12.5MW gas @80%

CaseCase StudiesStudies #3#3 EthanolEthanol DistillationDistillation

Studies #3 #3 Ethanol Ethanol Distillation Distillation 10MW heat 12.5MW gas @80% η Cooling COPh >

10MW heat 12.5MW gas @80% η

Cooling
Cooling

COPh > 6.0 1.66MW elec 3.22MW gas @50% η

Heating
Heating
Distillation 10MW heat 12.5MW gas @80% η Cooling COPh > 6.0 1.66MW elec 3.22MW gas @50%

37

Conclusions Conclusions F ind O bserve C ontrol U tility S atisfaction 38

ConclusionsConclusions

Find

Conclusions Conclusions F ind O bserve C ontrol U tility S atisfaction 38

Observe

Conclusions Conclusions F ind O bserve C ontrol U tility S atisfaction 38

Control

Conclusions Conclusions F ind O bserve C ontrol U tility S atisfaction 38

Utility

Satisfaction

Conclusions Conclusions F ind O bserve C ontrol U tility S atisfaction 38
Conclusions Conclusions F ind O bserve C ontrol U tility S atisfaction 38

38

 

ThankThank YouYou

 

Ir MM Philippe Nellissen

Dave Pearson

philippe.nellissen@emerson.com

dpearson@star-ref.co.uk

+32476943481

+447976607746

Visit our respective Webwites

 

www.emersonclimate.eu

www.star-ref.co.uk

Our Industrial Heat Pump website

www.neatpump.com

– www.emersonclimate.eu – www.star-ref.co.uk Our Industrial Heat Pump website – www.neatpump.com 39