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JURONG JUNIOR COLLEGE

2012 JC2 Preliminary Examination


Name Class 11S

PHYSICS
Higher 2
Multiple Choice Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet Soft clean eraser Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

9646/01
14 Sept 2012 1 hour 15 min

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so. Write your name and class in the spaces provided at the top of this page. Write in soft pencil. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Write your name, class and index number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided. There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet. Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully. Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

(This question paper consists of 20 printed pages)


JJC 2012 9646/JC2 Prelim Exam P1/2012 [Turn Over

Data speed of light in free space, permeability of free space, permittivity of free space, elementary charge, the Planck constant, unified atomic mass constant, rest mass of electron, rest mass of proton, molar gas constant, the Avogadro constant, the Boltzmann constant, gravitational constant, acceleration of free fall, Formulae uniformly accelerated motion, work done on/by a gas, hydrostatic pressure, gravitational potential, displacement of particle in s.h.m., velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

c = 3.00 108 m s1 o = 4 107 H m1 o = 8.85 1012 F m1 (1/(36)) 109 F m1 e = 1.60 1019 C h = 6.63 1034 J s u = 1.66 1027 kg me = 9.11 1031 kg mp = 1.67 1027 kg R NA k G = = = = 8.31 J K1 mol1 6.02 1023 mol1 1.38 1023 J K1 6.67 1011 N m2 kg2

g = 9.81 m s2

s = ut +

1 2

at2

v2 = u2 + 2as W = p V p = gh

Gm

r x = xo sin t v = vo cos t
2 = ( xo x2 )

mean kinetic energy of a molecule of an ideal gas resistors in series, resistors in parallel, electric potential, alternating current/voltage, transmission coefficient,

E =

3 2

kT

R = R1 + R2 + . . . 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + . . . V =


Q

4o r

x = xo sin t T exp(2kd)

where k = radioactive decay decay constant

82 m(U E ) h2

x = xo exp(t)

0.693 t1
2

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What is the tesla, the SI unit of magnetic flux density, expressed in SI base units?

A B C D

kg C-1 s-1 kg m s-2 kg A-1 s-1 kg A-1 s-2

The diameter of a ping pong ball is measured using a pair of vernier calipers and recorded as (3.40 0.01) cm. How should the total volume of the ping pong ball be expressed?

A B C D

(20.580 0.182) cm3 (20.58 0.06) cm3 (20.6 0.2) cm3 (20.6 0.4) cm3

A car accelerates from rest along a straight road. A while later the car slows down to a stop and reverses to its starting point. Which of the following displacement-time graphs best illustrates the motion of the car?

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A ball is thrown vertically into the air. After reaching the top of its flight it falls vertically down and is caught by the thrower. If air resistance is neglected, which of the following statements is NOT correct?

A B C D

On the way up, the velocity decreases at a constant rate. At the top of its flight, the acceleration of the ball is zero. On the way down, the velocity increases at a constant rate. Throughout the motion, the acceleration is constant

A metal wire is stretched by a varying force F, causing its extension x to increase as shown by the line OPQ on the graph. The force is then gradually reduced to zero and the relation between force and extension is indicated by line QR.

Which area represents the energy loss for the process OPQR?

ZY

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A uniform rod XY is freely hinged to the wall at X. It is held horizontal by a force F acting from Y at an angle to the vertical as shown in the diagram. Which of the four options (A, B, C and D) best shows the direction of the reaction force exerted by the wall on the rod?

X
x

A body, initially at rest, explodes into two fragments, one having four times the mass of the other. What is the value of the ratio momentum of more massive fragment ? momentum of less massive fragment

0.20

0.25

1.00

4.00

A particle of mass m travelling with velocity u collides elastically and head-on with a stationary particle of mass M. Which expression gives the velocity of the particle of mass M after the collision?

mu M

2mu M +m

(M m)u M m

A mass of 5.0 kg is moving in a straight line with a constant speed of 4.0 m s-1. A force of 10 N is then applied to the mass along the direction of motion and removed after the mass has travelled a distance of 2.5 m. What is the velocity of the mass when the force is removed?

3.2 m s-1

5.1 m s-1

7.2 m s-1

10.0 m s-1

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10

A speed-boat with three engines, each of power output 24 kW, can travel at a maximum speed of 12 m s-1. The total drag D on the boat is related to the speed v of the boat by the relation shown. D v2 What is the maximum speed of the boat when only two engines are working?

8.0 m s-1

9.5 m s-1

9.8 m s-1

10.5 m s-1

11

In a mixture of two monatomic gases X and Y in thermal equilibrium, the molecules of Y have twice the mass of those of X. The mean translational kinetic energy of the molecules of Y is 6.0 x 10-21 J. What is the mean translational kinetic energy of the molecules of X?

A B C D

3.0 x 10-21 J 4.2 x 10-21 J 6.0 x 10-21 J 8.5 x 10-21 J

12

The temperature of a hot liquid in a container of negligible heat capacity falls at a rate of 2 K per minute just before it begins to solidify. The temperature then remains steady for 20 minutes by which time the liquid has all solidified. What is the value of the ratio of specific heat capacity of liquid ?
specific latent heat of fusion

1 -1 K 40

1 -1 K 10

10 K-1

40 K-1

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13

A three-way light bulb as shown in Fig. 13.1 has two filaments with resistances R1 and R2 that are connected in series. Fig. 13.2 shows the two filaments connected to three terminals, and the light switch determines which two of the three terminals are connected to a potential difference of 120 V at any given time. The table in Fig. 13.3 shows the power dissipated by the bulb when connections are made by the switch.

A R1 B R2
Fig. 13.1 Fig. 13.2
120 V connected across terminals AB AC Power dissipated by the bulb / W 75.0 50.0

Fig. 13.3
Which of the following gives the correct value of resistances R1 and the power used by the bulb when 120 V is connected to terminals B and C? R1 / Power used by the bulb when 120 V is connected to terminals B and C / W 50 60 57 150

A B C D

47 47 192 192

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14

The diagram shows a rectangular block with dimensions x, 2x and 3x.

2x 3x
Q

Electrical contact can be made to the block between opposite pairs of faces (for example, between the faces labelled P). Between which two faces would the maximum electrical resistance be obtained?

A B C D

the faces labelled P the faces labelled Q the faces labelled R the resistance is the same, whichever pair of faces is used.

15

The meter in the circuit shown below has an uncalibrated linear scale. With the circuit as shown, the scale reading is 20.

When another 2000 resistor is connected across XY, the scale reading is

10

25

28

40

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16

A p-n junction diode with the forward characteristic shown in Fig. 16.1 is connected in series with a variable, low voltage d.c. power supply, a meter of negligible internal resistance and a 50 resistor as shown in Fig. 16.2.

d.c. supply

Fig. 16.1

Fig. 16.2

When the meter reads 5 mA, the potential difference across the supply is about

0.25 V

0.75 V

1.05 V

1.25 V

17

A roller coaster starts from rest on a hill-top of height H. It accelerates along a frictionless track and enters a loop-the-loop of radius 60 m as shown below.

In the In order for the roller coaster to just remain in contact with the track when it is at the top of the loop-the-loop, its minimum possible speed at that point is A 0 m s-1 B 12 m s-1 C 24 m s-1 D 36 m s-1

H
60

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18

A metal sphere is hanging on a string. The metal sphere is then swung around in a horizontal circle as shown.

Which of the following best shows the correct free-body diagram of the sphere at this instance? A tension B tension

centripetal force

weight

centripetal force

weight

tension

tension

weight

weight

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19

Which one of the following diagrams shows the variation of gravitational force F on a point mass and gravitational potential energy U of the mass at a distance r from another point mass? A B

20

Which of the following equations (in their usual notations) shows how gravitational potential is defined? A

F m

W m

GM r

GMm r

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21

A small positive charge, placed at a point L inside a uniform electric field, experiences a force of magnitude F. x L y M The charge is moved from point L to point M. What is the change in the potential energy of the charge? A B C D gain of Fx gain of F x 2 + y 2 loss of Fx loss of F x 2 + y 2 Electric field lines

22

Two charged plates P and Q are 0.020 m apart, producing a uniform electric field. The potential varies with displacement from P along PQ as shown. potential / V 938

0 0 0.020

x/m

What is the magnitude of the force acting on an electron placed between plates P and Q? A B C D 3.0 1018 N 7.5 1017 N 3.8 1015 N 7.5 1015 N

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23

An object is moving in simple harmonic motion with amplitude A. What is its distance from the equilibrium position in terms of A when its kinetic energy is equal to its potential energy? A

A 3

A 2

A 2 2

A 3 2

24

A progressive wave travelling to the right hits a solid surface and gets reflected after experiencing a phase change of rad. The figure below shows the incident wave at a particular instant of time.

Which of the following shows the corresponding reflected wave?

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25

Microwaves of wavelength 20.0 cm are produced by two microwave transmitters P and Q operating in phase. Point X is 1.0 m from transmitter P and 0.5 m from transmitter Q as shown in the figure below. Microwaves from transmitter P arrive at point X with intensity I and amplitude of oscillation A while the microwave from transmitter Q arrives at point X with intensity 4I. Determine the resultant intensity at X in terms of I.

zero

3I

9I

26

A diffraction grating ruled with 5000 lines per cm is illuminated with white light. If the wavelength for yellow light and violet light are 600 nm and 400 nm respectively, which one of the following statements is NOT correct? A B C D The central image is white. The second-order image of the yellow light coincides with the third-order image of violet light. There is no fourth-order image for yellow light. The red end of the first-order spectrum is closer to the central image than the violet end of the first-order spectrum.

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27

A piece of wire WXYZ is pivoted freely about a horizontal axis at point W and Z. Section XY of the wire is situated between the North (N) and South (S) poles of a magnet.

WXYZ is connected to an electrical circuit. The circuit is closed and there is a constant current I in the wire. If air resistance is not negligible, what describes the motion of the wire, if any, after the circuit is closed? A B C D swings to the left and becomes stationary in a new position swings to the right and becomes stationary in a new position oscillates continually in the magnetic field remains at rest at its original position

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28

Four magnetic fields are shown.

These magnetic fields are produced by a number of devices, which are listed below. What is the correct order for the fields of the devices given in the table? flat circular coil A B C D 1 1 2 2 bar magnet 3 2 3 4 long solenoid 2 4 4 1 long straight wire 4 3 1 3

29

A flat circular coil of 120 turns, each of area 0.070 m2, is placed with its axis parallel to a uniform magnetic field. The flux density of the field is changed steadily from 80 mT to 20 mT over a period of 4.0 s. What is the magnitude of the e.m.f. induced in the coil during this time? A 500 mV B 170 mV C 130 mV D 0

30

Which of the following statements best describes the motion of the suspended ring as shown below when a large alternating current is first passed through the solenoid?

A B C D

The ring remains stationary. The ring will be attracted towards the solenoid. The ring rotates about the axis of the thread suspending it. The ring moves back and forth from the solenoid.
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31

A steady current I dissipates a certain power in a variable resistor. The resistance of the variable resistor has to be halved to obtain the same power when a sinusoidal alternating current is used. What is the r.m.s. value of the alternating current? A
I 2

1 2

1 I 2

32

A mains transformer has a 240 V r.m.s. ac input and a 12 V r.m.s. output. It is used to light three 12 V, 24 W lamps in parallel.

~ a.c.

240 V

Assume that there are no power losses in the transformer. The current, in ampere, drawn from the mains is A 0.10 B 0.30 C 2.00 D 6.00

33

What is the de Broglie wavelength of an electron accelerated from rest through a potential difference of 50.0 V? A B C D 1.00 x 10-10 m 1.39 x 10-10 m 1.74 x 10-10 m 8.34 x 10-10 m

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34

Figure below shows the energy levels of an atom. Which of the line spectra corresponds to the three energy level changes?

C D

35

An electron, trapped within a potential well, has a wave function as shown.

At which of the points would the probability of finding the electron be highest?
A B C D

Q only Q and S only P, Q and R only P, R and T only

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36

Which statement correctly describes how the scanning tunnelling microscope obtains atomic-scale images of surfaces?
A B C D

The voltage applied between the tip of the microscope and the surface ionises the air molecules and allows a current to flow. High speed electrons emitted from the tip of the microscope tunnel into the surface to allow a current to flow. Electrons on the surface repel electrons from the tip of the microscope and cause a current to flow. Electrons can tunnel through the small gap between the tip of the microscope and the surface and allows a current to flow.

37

The variation of the energy levels of a material with inter-atomic separation is shown in the figure below. energy

P Inter-atomic separation

At which separation does the graph show the material possibly behaving like a conductor and an ideal gas respectively? conductor
A B C D M M N N

ideal gas
P O P O

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38

Which of the following statements is not related to laser production?


A B C D

stimulated emission light amplification electron diffraction population inversion

39

Two deuterium nuclei undergo fusion to produce a nucleus of helium plus a neutron and releases 3.27 MeV of energy as shown below.
2 1 3 1 H+ 2 1H 2 He + 0 n + 3.27 MeV

The mass of the two deuterium nuclei is


A B C D

5.8 x 10-30 kg less than that of the products. 5.8 x 10-30 kg more than that of the products. 5.8 x 10-36 kg less than that of the products. 5.8 x 10-36 kg more than that of the products.

40

A radioactive source contains the nuclide 187 74 Z which has a half-life of 24 hours. In the absence of this source, a constant average count-rate of 10 min-1 is recorded. Immediately after the source is placed in a fixed position near the counter, the average count-rate rises to 90 min-1. What average count-rate is expected with the source still in place 12 hours later?
A

67 min-1

57 min-1

50 min-1

45 min-1

End of Paper

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