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## NANYANG JUNIOR COLLEGE JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION Higher 2

PHYSICS

9646/01
25 September 2012 1 hour 15 minutes

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write in soft pencil. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Write your name, class and tutors name on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless this has been done for you.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

## This document consists of 14 printed pages.

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2 Data
speed of light in free space, permeability of free space, permittivity of free space, c = = = 3.00 x 108 m s-1 4 x 10-7 H m-1 8.85 x 10-12 F m-1 (1 / (36 )) x 10-9 F m-1 elementary charge, the Planck constant, unified atomic mass constant, rest mass of electron, rest mass of proton, molar gas constant, the Avogadro constant, the Boltzmann constant, gravitational constant, acceleration of free fall, e h u me mp R NA k G g = = = = = = = = = = 1.60 x 10-19 C 6.63 x 10-34 J s 1.66 x 10-27 kg 9.11 x 10-31 kg 1.67 x 10-27 kg 8.31 J K-1 mol-1 6.02 x 1023 mol-1 1.38 x 10-23 J K-1 6.67 x 10-11 N m2 kg-2 9.81 m s-2

o o

Formulae uniformly accelerated motion, s v2 work done on/by a gas, hydrostatic pressure, gravitational potential, displacement of particle in s.h.m. velocity of particle in s.h.m. W p = = = = ut + at2 u2 + 2as pV gh
Gm / r

=
x v = = =

xo sin t vo cos t

(x

2 o

x2

## 3 kT 2 R1 + R2 + 1/R1 + 1/R2 + Q / 4or xo sin t exp(-2kd)

resistors in series, resistors in parallel, electric potential, alternating current/voltage, transmission coefficient,

R 1/R V x T where k

= = = = = = = =

8 2 m(U E ) h2
xo exp (-t)
0.693 t1
2

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3 1
An Olympic athlete competes in a high jump event. What is the best estimate of the vertical component of his velocity as he takes off from the jump?

A 3 m s1

B 6 m s 1

C 9 m s1

D 12 m s1

In a simple electrical circuit, the current flow across a resistor is measured as (3.20 0.01) A. The resistor is marked as having a value of 3.80 with an uncertainty of 5.0 %. If these values were used to calculate the power dissipated in the resistor, what would be the percentage uncertainty in the value obtained?

A 1.9 % 3

B 5.3 %

C 5.6 %

D 6.0 %

A ball is thrown vertically upwards and air resistance is not negligible. Which of the following statement is incorrect?

A At the maximum height, acceleration is zero. B The time taken for the ball to travel up is shorter than the time taken for the ball to travel down. C The distance travelled for the upward and downward motions are the same. D The magnitude of the acceleration for the upward motion is always greater than 9.81 m s-2. 4
A ball is projected horizontally from the top of a cliff with a speed of 40 m s-1. Assuming that there is no air resistance, what is its speed 3.0 s later? Take g as 10 m s2.

A 30 m s-1 5

B 40 m s-1

C 50 m s-1

D 60 m s-1

## Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A The acceleration of the particle when it is at the base of the bowl is directed upwards. B The acceleration of the particle is always in the direction of the net force acting on the particle. C The force that the bowl exerts on the particle is always perpendicular to the velocity of the particle. D The force that the particle exerts on the bowl at the lowest point is equal to the gravitational force acting on the particle.

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4 6
A helicopter of mass 3.0 103 kg rises vertically with a constant speed of 25 m s-1. Taking the acceleration of free fall to be 10 m s-2, what is the lift force acting on the helicopter?

A 0N 7

B 3.0 104 N

C 7.5 104 N

D 10.5 104 N

A cup half-filled with water resting on a weighing scale registers a reading W. When a boy dips his finger into the water without touching the base, the reading of the weighing scale is W.

## Which of the following statements is correct?

A W = W because the water has not overflowed from the beaker. B W < W because the water exerts an upthrust on the boys finger. C W > W because the water exerts an upthrust on the boys finger and as a result, the boys finger exerts a force back on the water. D W > W because the weight of the boys finger is added to that of the water in the beaker. 8
What is not true of two forces that give rise to a couple?

A They act in opposite directions. B They both act at the same point. C They both act on the same body. D They both have the same magnitude. 9
In the diagram below, a 50 g ball at point A is projected up a smooth slope with a velocity of 4.20 m s-1, where it encounters a spring at its natural length. The spring has a spring constant of 120 N m-1. What is the maximum compression of the spring?

0.200 m

60o A

A 1.21 mm

B 5.93 mm

C 7.36 cm

D 7.70 cm

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5 10
A toy car which is powered by a motor travels on a frictionless surface. The figure below shows the variation of the forward force F exerted by the motor on the car with time t. F

t Which of the following shows the variation of power supplied by the motor P with time t?

A
P P

C
P P

11

A simple pendulum is given a small push to the right when it is at position B and it swings to reach a maximum height at position A. What is the ratio of tension in the string when the pendulum is at position A to the tension in the string when the pendulum is at position B?

A B

cos A 3 2cos
C

sin B 3 2 sin
D

3 2 sin sin

3 2cos cos

12

A planet remains in its orbit around the Sun rather than moving towards the Sun because

A it is also attracted by the gravitational forces from other celestial bodies. B the net force on the planet is zero. C the gravitational force exerted by the Sun on the planet provides a net force that keeps the planet in orbit. D the magnitude of the gravitational force from the Sun is too small to cause any appreciable acceleration of the Planet towards the Sun.

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6 13
The ratio of the mass of Earth to that of Moon is 81, while the ratio of the radius of Earth to that of Moon is 3.7. If a high jumper can clear a bar of maximum height of 2.0 m on Earth, what is the maximum height which he can clear on Moon? Assume the effect of air resistance to be negligible on Earth and Moon.

A 0.34 m 14

B 2.0 m

C 12 m

D 44 m

A diagram below shows two identical objects A and B at a distance d apart. If B is moved from this position to point C at constant speed, which of the following is incorrect?

A The work done by the gravitational force exerted on B due to A is negative. B The gravitational potential energy of A increases. C The change in gravitational potential of B is dependent on the mass of B. D The external force exerted on B can be determined from the change in gravitational potential energy with respect to its distance moved. 15
The radius of Earth is R and its density is . Planet Y has a radius of 3R and a density of . The escape speed of an oxygen molecule at Earths surface is v. The escape speed of the oxygen molecule at the surface of planet Y is

A 0.750 v 16

B 0.866 v

C 1.50 v

D 2.25 v

A particle oscillates with undamped simple harmonic motion. Which one of the following statements about the acceleration of the oscillating particle is true?

A Its magnitude is greatest when the speed is greatest. B It is always in the opposite direction to velocity. C It is proportional to the amplitude. D It increases as the potential energy increases. 17
A particle oscillates with simple harmonic motion at a frequency f. Its kinetic energy varies periodically at a frequency

f 2

B f

C 2f

D f2

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7 18
A fixed mass of ideal gas undergoes changes of pressure and volume starting at L, as shown.

Which graph shows how temperature (measured in kelvin) changes with volume?

19

A fixed mass of ideal gas of volume V at temperature T, a pressure p and translational kinetic energy K is heated and allowed to expand to a final volume 2V and pressure 2p. What is the translational kinetic energy of the gas molecules after heating?

A K C 2K 20

B K D 4K

The diagram shows a transverse wave at a particular instant. The wave is travelling to the right. The frequency of the wave is 12.5 Hz.

At the instant shown the displacement is zero at the point P. What is the shortest time to elapse before the displacement is zero at point Q?

A 0.010 s
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B 0.030 s

C 0.080 s
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D 0.10 s
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8 21
The diagram shows a long rope fixed at one end. The other end is moved up and down, setting up a stationary wave.

## What is the phase difference between the oscillations at X and Y?

A 0

22

A narrow beam of monochromatic light falls at normal incidence on a diffraction grating. Third-order diffracted beams are formed at angles of 45 to the original direction. What is the highest order of diffracted beam produced by this grating? A 3 B 4 C 5 D 6

23

An electric field exists in the space between two parallel charged metal plates.

Which of the following graphs shows the variation of electric potential V with distance d from X along the line XY? A V V B V C V D

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9 24 A beam of charged particles enter a region of electric field produced by two charged horizontal parallel plates and then deflected as shown in the diagram below.

Which of the following changes would increase the deflection? A Increase the initial velocity of the charged particles. B Increase the separation between the plates. C Increase the potential differences between the plates. D Increase the mass of the charged particles.

25

The potential difference V across a cell is recorded as the current through the cell is increased. A plot of the readings is shown below. V/V 8

0.5

1.0

1.5

/A

From this plot, it can be deduced that the e.m.f. E and the internal resistance r of the cell are respectively E/V A B C D 4 6 4 6 r/ 4 4 5 2

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10 26 A wire, which has a resistance of 5.0 , is passed through a device called an extruder which will stretch the original wire into a longer and thinner product. If the new wire is stretched to be 3 times as long as the original, what is the resistance of the stretched wire? A 5.0 27 B 15 C 45 D 125

Five resistors are connected as shown in the figure below. 2.0 Y 5.0 2.0 X What is the equivalent resistance between X and Y? A 0.47 B 0.68 C 1.5 D 1.8

1.0

1.0

28

Which of the following will give a voltmeter reading of 2.0 V? Assume that the voltmeter is ideal. V 6.0 V 1.0 2.0 A 3.0 V 6.0 V 1.0 B 2.0 V 3.0 V

## V 3.0 V 2.0 D 3.0

A horizontal power cable carries a steady current in a east-to-west direction. Which arrow shows the direction of the force on the cable caused by the Earth's magnetic field, in a region where this field is at 60 to the horizontal? A B D south C 60o north

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11 30 A square coil of length 8.0 mm on each side consists of 20 turns. It is suspended at the centre of a long horizontal solenoid so that two sides of the coil are vertical and the plane of the coil is making an angle of 30o with the magnetic field of 0.010 T as shown in the figure below. If the current through one turn of the square coil is 5.0 mA, what is the moment of the couple acting on the coil? 5.0 m A 30o 0.010 T 8.0 mm

A 3.2 x 10-9 N m 31

B 5.5 x 10-8 N m

C 6.4 x 10-8 N m

D 6.9 x 10-6 N m

The diagram below represents two coils of wire connected as shown. The magnet on the right is suspended from a spring above one coil and is free to move. The magnet on the left is moving downwards into another coil.

As a result of the motion, the magnet on the right experiences A no net force. C a net downward force.
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## B a net upward force. D a net force to the left.

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12 32 A one-turn coil of wire of area 0.20 m2 and resistance 0.25 is placed with its plane perpendicular to a magnetic field that varies with time as shown below. B/T 0.80 coil 0.60 B

0.40

0.20

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

t/s

Determine the largest possible induced current flowing in the coil. A 0.12 A 33 B 0.16 A C 0.28 A D 1.6 A

When an electric kettle is connected to an a.c. source, its power output is half of that when it is connected to a 10 V d.c. source. What is the peak voltage of the a.c. source? A 5V B 7V C 10 V D 14 V

34

A transformer has a 240 V a.c. input and a 12 V r.m.s. output. It is used to light three 12 V, 24 W lamps in parallel.

240 V a.c.

transformer

Assume there is no power loss in the transformer. The current in the input circuit is A 0.10 A B 0.30 A C 0.42 A D 6.0 A

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13 35 What is the de Broglie wavelength of a particle of mass m and kinetic energy E? [h is the Planck constant.] A h 2mE B

2mE h

h mE

h 2mE

36

The x-ray spectrum of a metal target is shown in the figure below. Intensity

36

60 70

/ 10-12 m

Which of the following statements is definitely correct? A The graph shows that electrons with a range of kinetic energies are used to bombard the target. B The position of the peaks allow us to calculate the energy of the electrons used to bombard the target C The smallest wavelength detected, 36 10-12 m, is dependent on the target material. D The locations of the peaks can be used to identify the element that the target material is made of. 37 Which of the following is a correct description of a p-n junction? A When electrons drift across the junction, both sides of the junction become electrically neutral. B The p-n junction is used as a rectifier of alternating currents because it can convert a nonconstant current into a constant current. C A battery connected across the p-n junction will cause an electric field across the p-n junction such that the higher potential is at the 'p' terminal. D When the p-n junction is not biased, there is a small potential difference across the junction. 38 Which of the following is not part of the process of laser production in an actual laser? A Energy absorption C Reflection B Spontaneous emission D Amplification

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14 39 Which of the following statements concerning nuclear properties is true? A The greater the binding energy of a nucleus, the more stable it is. B If the total rest mass of the products of a reaction is greater than the total rest mass of the reactants, this reaction is impossible. C The half-life of a radioactive substance can be changed by allowing the substance to react chemically to produce a new radioactive compound. D When a stationary nucleus decays by emitting a -photon, the nucleus will move off in an opposite direction to the photon.

40

A radioactive source contains the nuclide 187 74 W which has a half-life of 24 hours. In the absence of this source, a constant average count-rate of 10 min-1 is recorded. Immediately after the source is placed in a fixed position near the counter, the average count-rate rises to 90 min-1. What average count-rate is expected with the source still in place 12 hours later? A 45 min-1 B 50 min-1 C 57 min-1 D 67 min-1

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