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HUAWEI Training Objectives Understandconceptandtechnologyofmulticast MasterIGMPprotocolandconfiguration

HUAWEI

Training Objectives

Understandconceptandtechnologyofmulticast
Understandconceptandtechnologyofmulticast
MasterIGMPprotocolandconfiguration
MasterIGMPprotocolandconfiguration
MasterPIMprotocolandconfiguration
MasterPIMprotocolandconfiguration
HUAWEI Unicast,Broadcast and Multicast Host 10.10.1.0/24 Unicast Multicast Broadcast Server

HUAWEI

Unicast,Broadcast and Multicast

Host 10.10.1.0/24 Unicast Multicast Broadcast Server
Host
10.10.1.0/24
Unicast
Multicast
Broadcast
Server
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast

HUAWEI

HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast

Comparision between Unicast and Multicast

HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast

UnicastHUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Multicast

HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast
HUAWEI Comparision between Unicast and Multicast Unicast Multicast

Multicast

HUAWEI Multimedia Conference Multimedia terminal Internet

HUAWEI

Multimedia Conference Multimedia terminal Internet
Multimedia Conference
Multimedia
terminal
Internet
HUAWEI Data distribution File Remote host server Internet

HUAWEI

Data distribution File Remote host server Internet
Data distribution
File
Remote host
server
Internet
HUAWEI Real-time Data Multicast Server Football game Internet Multimedia host Vocal Concert Stock exchange

HUAWEI

Real-time Data Multicast

Server

HUAWEI Real-time Data Multicast Server Football game Internet Multimedia host Vocal Concert Stock exchange

Football

game

Internet

Multimedia

host

Vocal

Concert

Stock

exchange

HUAWEI Real-time Data Multicast Server Football game Internet Multimedia host Vocal Concert Stock exchange
HUAWEI Game and Emulational Application Player Internet

HUAWEI

Game and Emulational Application

Player Internet
Player
Internet
HUAWEI Characteristics of Multicast technology Advantages

HUAWEI

Characteristics of Multicast technology

AdvantagesHUAWEI Characteristics of Multicast technology Increaseefficiency,controlnetworktrafficanddecreasetheloadofserversandCPUs

Increaseefficiency,controlnetworktrafficanddecreasetheloadofserversandCPUs

Optimizeperformanceandeliminateredundanttraffic

Distributedapplication,whichmakesmultipointtransimmsionpossible

DisadvantagesMulticastapplicationisbasedonUDP Do best efforts

MulticastapplicationisbasedonUDP

Do best efforts NocongestioncontrolDisadvantages MulticastapplicationisbasedonUDP Packetduplicate Disorderedreachingofpackets

Packetduplicate DisorderedreachingofpacketsDisadvantages MulticastapplicationisbasedonUDP Do best efforts Nocongestioncontrol

HUAWEI Multicast Addresses Range of multicast addresses 224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 Reserved multicast addresses 224.0.0.0

HUAWEI

Multicast Addresses

Range of multicast addressesHUAWEI Multicast Addresses 224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 Reserved multicast addresses 224.0.0.0 - 224.0.255.255 Local

HUAWEI Multicast Addresses Range of multicast addresses 224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 Reserved multicast addresses 224.0.0.0

224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255

Reserved multicast addressesRange of multicast addresses 224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 224.0.0.0 - 224.0.255.255 Local management multicast

224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 Reserved multicast addresses 224.0.0.0 - 224.0.255.255 Local management multicast

224.0.0.0 - 224.0.255.255

Local management multicast addressesReserved multicast addresses 224.0.0.0 - 224.0.255.255 239.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 User multicast addresses

- 224.0.255.255 Local management multicast addresses 239.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 User multicast addresses

239.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255

User multicast addresses224.0.0.0 - 224.0.255.255 Local management multicast addresses 239.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 224.0.1.0 - 238.255.255.255

Local management multicast addresses 239.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 User multicast addresses 224.0.1.0 - 238.255.255.255

224.0.1.0 - 238.255.255.255

HUAWEI MAC Multicast Addresses MAC Multicast addresses Ethernet : 01-00-5e-xx-xx-xx

HUAWEI

MAC Multicast Addresses

HUAWEI MAC Multicast Addresses MAC Multicast addresses Ethernet : 01-00-5e-xx-xx-xx

MAC Multicast addresses

HUAWEI MAC Multicast Addresses MAC Multicast addresses Ethernet : 01-00-5e-xx-xx-xx

Ethernet : 01-00-5e-xx-xx-xx

HUAWEI Mapping IP Multicast to Ethernet

HUAWEI

Mapping IP Multicast to Ethernet

HUAWEI Mapping IP Multicast to Ethernet
HUAWEI Multicast Forwarding ReversePathForwarding(RPF)

HUAWEI

Multicast Forwarding

ReversePathForwarding(RPF) ForwardingmulticastpacketisnotbasedonthedestinationaddressofIPpacket but use RPFtocheckanddeterminewhethertoforwardordiscardtheincomingpacket. ProcedureofRPFcheck

The router checks the source address of the arrival multicast packet. and if the packet is arrived at the interface that can return to the source end, RPF check is successful and the information packet is forwarded.ProcedureofRPFcheck If RPF check fails, packet will be discarded. The check on

If RPF check fails, packet will be discarded.check is successful and the information packet is forwarded. The check on multicast source address is

The check on multicast source address is achieved by querying unicast routing table

HUAWEI Example:RPF Check RPFcheckfails,the packets arrive at an error interface ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast Packet

HUAWEI

Example:RPF Check

RPFcheckfails,the packets arrive at an error interface
RPFcheckfails,the
packets arrive at an error
interface

ource

92.18.0.32

packets arrive at an error interface ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast Packet Multicast packets arriving at an error

Multicast Packet

Multicast packets arriving at an error interfaceExample:RPF Check RPFcheckfails,the packets arrive at an error interface ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast Packet Receiver

arrive at an error interface ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast Packet Multicast packets arriving at an error interface

Receiver

HUAWEI Further View: RPF check fails Multicast data from 191.18.0.32 S0 S1 S2 RPF check

HUAWEI

Further View: RPF check fails

Multicast data from 191.18.0.32

S0 S1 S2
S0
S1
S2

RPF check fails

Unicast routing table Network Interface 191.18.0.0/16 S1 Data arrives at S0, RPF check fails and
Unicast routing table
Network Interface
191.18.0.0/16
S1
Data arrives at S0, RPF check fails and the router
discards the packet
168.0.253.0/24 S0
15.15.0.0/16
S2
HUAWEI Further View: RPF check succeeds Multicast data from 191.18.0.32 S0 S2 S1 RPF check

HUAWEI

Further View: RPF check succeeds

Multicast data from 191.18.0.32

S0 S2
S0
S2
RPF check succeeds Multicast data from 191.18.0.32 S0 S2 S1 RPF check succeeds Unicast routing table

S1

RPF check succeeds

Unicast routing table Network Interface 191.18.0.0/16 S1 Data arrives at S1, RPF check succeeds, the
Unicast routing table
Network Interface
191.18.0.0/16
S1
Data arrives at S1, RPF check succeeds, the router
forwards the packet
168.0.253.0/24 S0
15.15.0.0/16
S2
HUAWEI switch without multicast function Multicast??

HUAWEI

switch without multicast function

Multicast??
Multicast??
HUAWEI Achieving Multicast in Layer 2 Switch Checkthetable 1 Forwarding table 2 3 MAC address

HUAWEI

Achieving Multicast in Layer 2 Switch

HUAWEI Achieving Multicast in Layer 2 Switch Checkthetable 1 Forwarding table 2 3 MAC address Interface
Checkthetable 1 Forwarding table
Checkthetable
1
Forwarding table
2 3 MAC address Interface 01-02-03 1 2 5
2
3
MAC address Interface
01-02-03
1 2 5
5 4
5
4
HUAWEI IGMP - Internet Group Management Protocol IGMP protocol is the only protocol between a

HUAWEI

IGMP - Internet Group Management Protocol

IGMP protocol is the only protocol between a host and a routerHUAWEI IGMP - Internet Group Management Protocol RFC1112 defines IGMP V1 (support windows95) RFC2236 defines IGMP

RFC1112 defines IGMP V1 (supportprotocol is the only protocol between a host and a router windows95) RFC2236 defines IGMP V2

windows95)

RFC2236 defines IGMP V2 (support windows and most of the newest service packets of Unix) Draft-ietf-idmr-igmp-v3-03.txt defines the up-to-date IGMP V3Protocol IGMP protocol is the only protocol between a host and a router RFC1112 defines IGMP

HUAWEI Actions of a Router and a Host in IGMP responsereport routinequery unsolicitedreportforjoininggroup

HUAWEI

Actions of a Router and a Host in IGMP

responsereport

routinequery unsolicitedreportforjoininggroup reportforleavinggroup
routinequery
unsolicitedreportforjoininggroup
reportforleavinggroup

group-specificquery

HUAWEI Actions of Router in Shared Network in IGMP 10.10.0.1/16 10.10.0.3/16 query query message message

HUAWEI

Actions of Router in Shared Network in IGMP

10.10.0.1/16 10.10.0.3/16 query query message message
10.10.0.1/16
10.10.0.3/16
query
query
message
message

:Electionfails,stopsendingquerymessage10.10.0.1/16 10.10.0.3/16 query query message message :routerfails,stopsendingquerymessage : re-sendquerymessage

:routerfails,stopsendingquerymessage10.10.0.1/16 10.10.0.3/16 query query message message :Electionfails,stopsendingquerymessage : re-sendquerymessage

re-sendquerymessage re-sendquerymessage

HUAWEI Report Suppression Process Query message Response Response Response report Response report report report

HUAWEI

Report Suppression Process

Query message Response Response Response report Response report report report
Query
message
Response
Response
Response
report
Response
report
report
report

Routersendsqueryperiodically

Onlyonememberofeachgroupinthesubnetsendsresponsereport

Othermembersaresuppressedanddon'tsendreport.

HUAWEI IGMP V2 Packet Format

HUAWEI

IGMP V2 Packet Format

HUAWEI IGMP V2 Packet Format
HUAWEI Comparision Among Three IGMP Versions   IGMP V1 IGMP V2 IGMP V3 Querier election

HUAWEI

Comparision Among Three IGMP Versions

 

IGMP V1

IGMP V2

IGMP V3

Querier election

based on routing protocol

self election

self election

leaving type

leave silently

actively send leaving packet

actively send leaving packet

Designated group query

none

yes

yes

Designated source and group joining

none

none

yes

HUAWEI Compatibility Processing between IGMP V1 and V2 V1 Host v2 Host V1 Router V2

HUAWEI

Compatibility Processing between IGMP V1 and V2

V1 Host v2 Host V1 Router V2 Router V1 Host V1host report suppresses V2 host
V1 Host
v2 Host
V1 Router
V2 Router
V1 Host
V1host report
suppresses V2
host
Router works in
V1
V2 Host
V2host is
suppressed by
V1host report
V2 frame format
is compatible
with v1
V1 Router
V2 frame format
is compatible
with v1
V2 router is
forced to
configure as v1
V2 Router
Router works in
v1 till V1 timer
out of time
V2 router is
forced to
configure as v1
HUAWEI IGMP Snooping Establish and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding

HUAWEI

IGMP Snooping Establish and Maintenance Group

HUAWEI IGMP Snooping Establish and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table

1

IGMP report

CPU

0

Snooping Establish and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address

IGMP query

forwarding table MAC address interface

01-02-03

0 1 3 5

2

3

and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03

4

and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03
and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03
and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03

5

and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03
and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03
and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03
and Maintenance Group 1 IGMP report CPU 0 IGMP query forwarding table MAC address interface 01-02-03
HUAWEI Configuration Commands Configuration on the Router Start multicast application Quidway ( config ) #ip

HUAWEI

Configuration Commands

HUAWEI Configuration Commands Configuration on the Router Start multicast application Quidway ( config ) #ip

Configuration on the Router

Start multicast applicationHUAWEI Configuration Commands Configuration on the Router Quidway ( config ) #ip multicast-routing Emulate host

Quidwayconfig#ip multicast-routing

Emulate host behavior - join a groupapplication Quidway ( config ) #ip multicast-routing Quidway ( config-Vlan-interface0 ) #ip igmp oin-group

Quidwayconfig-Vlan-interface0#ip igmp oin-group 224.1.1.1

Specify IGMP version number( config-Vlan-interface0 ) #ip igmp oin-group 224.1.1.1 Quidway ( config-vlan-interface0 ) #ip igmp version 1

Quidwayconfig-vlan-interface0#ip igmp version 1

Display IGMP interface informationIGMP version number Quidway ( config-vlan-interface0 ) #ip igmp version 1 Quidway#show ip igmp interface ethernet

Quidway#show ip igmp interface ethernet 0

HUAWEI Multicast Routing Protocol Overview DVMRP V# ( Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (Internet Draft)

HUAWEI

Multicast Routing Protocol Overview

DVMRP V#( Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (Internet Draft) Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (Internet Draft)

Protocol Independent Multicast - Dense Mode (PIM-DM)(Internet Draft)Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (Internet Draft) Protocol Independent Multicast - sparse mode (PIM-SM)(RFC

Protocol Independent Multicast - sparse mode (PIM-SM)(RFC 2362)Independent Multicast - Dense Mode (PIM-DM)(Internet Draft) Multicast of shortest path first (MOSPF) (RFC 1584) Others

Multicast of shortest path first (MOSPF) (RFCIndependent Multicast - sparse mode (PIM-SM)(RFC 2362) 1584) Others (Core-based trees mulitcast routing p r o

1584)

Others (Core-based trees mulitcast routing p r o t o c o l , < CBTv2 > <RFC2189>, e t protocol, CBTv2<RFC2189>, etc. )

HUAWEI Protocol Independent Multicast - PIM PIM(ProtocolIndependentMulticast) isindependentofunicastprotocol(useanyunicast

HUAWEI

Protocol Independent Multicast - PIM

PIM(ProtocolIndependentMulticast) isindependentofunicastprotocol(useanyunicast route)anddependsonunicastprotocoltoperformRPFcheck

UDP port number: 103route)anddependsonunicastprotocoltoperformRPFcheck PIM router group address: 224.0.0.13 PIM protocol is divided

PIM router group address: 224.0.0.13UDP port number: 103 PIM protocol is divided into: PIM_DM (Protocol Independent

PIM protocol is divided into:UDP port number: 103 PIM router group address: 224.0.0.13 PIM_DM (Protocol Independent Multicast - Dense Mode)

PIM_DM (Protocol Independent Multicast - Dense Mode)PIM router group address: 224.0.0.13 PIM protocol is divided into: PIM_SM (Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse

PIM_SM (Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode)PIM router group address: 224.0.0.13 PIM protocol is divided into: PIM_DM (Protocol Independent Multicast - Dense

HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver

HUAWEI

PIM_DM Forwarding

HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver

ource

92.18.0.32

HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Forwarding ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver

Multicast dataflow

Receiver

HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver

HUAWEI

PIM_DM Pruning

HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver

ource

192.18.0.32

Multicat dataflowHUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver

Prune messageHUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver

Stop sending multicast dataflowHUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Receiver

HUAWEI PIM_DM Pruning ource 192.18.0.32 Multicat dataflow Prune message Stop sending multicast dataflow Receiver

Receiver

HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response

HUAWEI

PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response

HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP
HUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP

ource

92.18.0.32

Multicast data flowHUAWEI PIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Graft message Grafting response IGMP join group Receiver

Graft messagePIM_DM Grafting and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Grafting response IGMP join group Receiver

and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP join group Receiver
and Grafting Response ource 92.18.0.32 Multicast data flow Graft message Grafting response IGMP join group Receiver

Grafting response

IGMP join group

Receiver

HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver

HUAWEI

PIM_DM Status Maintenance

HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver

ource

192.18.0.32

HUAWEI PIM_DM Status Maintenance ource 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Receiver

Multicast dataflow

Receiver

HUAWEI Assert Mechanism Source S 10.10.0.3/16 10.10.0.1/16 multicast dataflow Assert message

HUAWEI

Assert Mechanism

Source S

HUAWEI Assert Mechanism Source S 10.10.0.3/16 10.10.0.1/16 multicast dataflow Assert message
HUAWEI Assert Mechanism Source S 10.10.0.3/16 10.10.0.1/16 multicast dataflow Assert message
HUAWEI Assert Mechanism Source S 10.10.0.3/16 10.10.0.1/16 multicast dataflow Assert message

10.10.0.3/16

10.10.0.1/16

HUAWEI Assert Mechanism Source S 10.10.0.3/16 10.10.0.1/16 multicast dataflow Assert message
HUAWEI Assert Mechanism Source S 10.10.0.3/16 10.10.0.1/16 multicast dataflow Assert message

multicast dataflow

Assert message

HUAWEI Neighbor-Finding Mechanism Periodically send Hello Packet - find neighbor, establish and maintain neighborhood

HUAWEI

Neighbor-Finding Mechanism

Periodically send Hello Packet - find neighbor, establish and maintain neighborhoodHUAWEI Neighbor-Finding Mechanism Elect DR —— the router with highest IP address becomes DR of this

Elect DR—— the router with highest IP address becomes DR of this network segment ——the router with highest IP address becomes DR of this network segment

when IGMP is version 1, DR also acts as IGMP querierElect DR —— the router with highest IP address becomes DR of this network segment Hellomessage

Hellomessage Hellomessage
Hellomessage
Hellomessage
HUAWEI PIM-DM Configuration Commands Configuration on Layer 3 switch Start mulitcast process Quidway ( Config

HUAWEI

PIM-DM Configuration Commands

HUAWEI PIM-DM Configuration Commands Configuration on Layer 3 switch Start mulitcast process Quidway ( Config )

Configuration on Layer 3 switch

Start mulitcast process QuidwayConfig#ip multicast-routing Start PIM-DM process at the interface Quidwayconfig-VLAN-Interface2#ip pim dense-mode

HUAWEI Configuration Example Backbone network with PIM-DM Video Server Accesslayer Multi-Media PC

HUAWEI

Configuration Example

HUAWEI Configuration Example Backbone network with PIM-DM Video Server Accesslayer Multi-Media PC
Backbone network with PIM-DM
Backbone
network with PIM-DM
HUAWEI Configuration Example Backbone network with PIM-DM Video Server Accesslayer Multi-Media PC

Video

Server

HUAWEI Configuration Example Backbone network with PIM-DM Video Server Accesslayer Multi-Media PC

Accesslayer

HUAWEI Configuration Example Backbone network with PIM-DM Video Server Accesslayer Multi-Media PC

Multi-Media

PC

HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32

HUAWEI

PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining

DR

HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver

RP/DR

HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver

Multicast dataflow

joining message IGMP joining

HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver

ource

192.18.0.32

HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver
HUAWEI PIM_SM Forwarding and Joining DR RP/DR Multicast dataflow joining message IGMP joining ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver

Receiver

HUAWEI PIM_SM Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 Stop sending multicast

HUAWEI

PIM_SM Pruning

DR

RP/DR

HUAWEI PIM_SM Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 Stop sending multicast dataflow

Multicast dataflow

Prune message

PIM_SM Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 Stop sending multicast dataflow IGMP
PIM_SM Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 Stop sending multicast dataflow IGMP

ource

2.18.0.32

Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 Stop sending multicast dataflow IGMP leaving
Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 Stop sending multicast dataflow IGMP leaving

Stop sending multicast dataflowHUAWEI PIM_SM Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 IGMP leaving Receiver

IGMP leavingHUAWEI PIM_SM Pruning D R RP/DR Multicast dataflow Prune message ource 2.18.0.32 Stop sending multicast dataflow

Receiver

HUAWEI PIM_SM Status Maintenance DR RP D R Joining message Source 192.18.0.32

HUAWEI

PIM_SM Status Maintenance

DR

RP

DR

HUAWEI PIM_SM Status Maintenance DR RP D R Joining message Source 192.18.0.32

Joining message

Source

192.18.0.32

HUAWEI PIM_SM Status Maintenance DR RP D R Joining message Source 192.18.0.32
HUAWEI PIM_SM Registration and Registration Stop Registration DR RP Registration stop Multicast dataflow DR ource

HUAWEI

PIM_SM Registration and Registration Stop

Registration

DR RP Registration stop Multicast dataflow
DR
RP
Registration
stop
Multicast dataflow
Registration DR RP Registration stop Multicast dataflow DR ource 2.18.0.32 Unicast registration message Unicast

DR

DR RP Registration stop Multicast dataflow DR ource 2.18.0.32 Unicast registration message Unicast

ource

2.18.0.32

Registration stop Multicast dataflow DR ource 2.18.0.32 Unicast registration message Unicast registration stop
Registration stop Multicast dataflow DR ource 2.18.0.32 Unicast registration message Unicast registration stop
Registration stop Multicast dataflow DR ource 2.18.0.32 Unicast registration message Unicast registration stop

Unicast registration messageRegistration DR RP Registration stop Multicast dataflow DR ource 2.18.0.32 Unicast registration stop message receiver

stop Multicast dataflow DR ource 2.18.0.32 Unicast registration message Unicast registration stop message receiver

Unicast registration stop message

receiver

HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast

HUAWEI

Multicast Distribution Tree Model

DR

HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow

DR

HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Multicast Distribution Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow

Source

ThisisSPT!
ThisisSPT!

2.18.0.32

DR

RP

Oh,RPT!
Oh,RPT!

Multicast dataflow

Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver
Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver

ource

192.18.0.32

Tree Model D R DR Source ThisisSPT! 2.18.0.32 DR RP Oh,RPT! Multicast dataflow ource 192.18.0.32 Receiver

Receiver

Receiver

HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast

HUAWEI

Shortest Path Tree Switch

DR

RP

DR

HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow

Source

192.18.0.32

HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow
HUAWEI Shortest Path Tree Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow

Multicast dataflow

Stop sending multicast dataflow

SPT joining

Switch DR RP DR Source 192.18.0.32 Multicast dataflow Stop sending multicast dataflow SPT joining SPT grafting

SPT grafting

Receiver

HUAWEI Configuration on the Router Start mulitcast process Quidway ( config ) #ip multicast-routing Start

HUAWEI

Configuration on the Router

Start mulitcast process Quidway( config ) #ip multicast-routing config#ip multicast-routing

Start PIM-SM at the inteface Quidway( config-vlan-interface0 ) #ip pim Sparse-mode config-vlan-interface0#ip pim Sparse-mode

PIM_SM Configuration Example

PIM_SM Configuration Example C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM HUAWEI V i d e o S e
C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM
C-RP、C-BSR
Backbone network
with PIM-SM
Example C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM HUAWEI V i d e o S e r v

HUAWEI

Example C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM HUAWEI V i d e o S e r v
Example C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM HUAWEI V i d e o S e r v

Video Server

Example C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM HUAWEI V i d e o S e r v
Example C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM HUAWEI V i d e o S e r v

Access Layer

Example C-RP、C-BSR Backbone network with PIM-SM HUAWEI V i d e o S e r v

Multi-Media PC