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PHY1012F Information Sheet

DATA e = 1.60 x 1019 C 0 = 4 10-7 Tm/A g = 9.8 m/s2 c = 3 108 m/s 0 = 8.85 10-12 m2 N-1 C-2 = 8.85 pF/m in vacuum or air (dielectric = 0) electron mass = 9.11 x 1031 kg GEOMETRY & TRIGONOMETRY

h = a +b

Circle (radius r)
b = h sin

Cylinder (height h) 2 r 2 + 2 rh

Sphere (radius r) 4r2


4 r3 3

Area Volume

r2
-2 r

a = h cos

b = tan a

r2 h
--

Circumference

--

sin ( ) = sin cos cos sin

cos( ) = cos cos m sin sin

ALGEBRA

b b 2 4ac Quadratic: ax + bx + c = 0 roots: x = 2a Simultaneous equations: a1 x + b1 y = c1 c b c2 b1 x= 1 2 a1b2 a2 b1 a2 x + b2 y = c2


2

a c a2 c1 y= 1 2 a1b2 a2 b1

VECTORS v a = a x i + a yj + a z k

r b = b x i + b yj + b z k j ay by k az bz

r r a b = a x bx + a y b y + a z bz

i r v r v a b = b a = a x bx

r r r r rr r r r a b c = (a c )b a b c

( )

DERIVATIVES & INTEGRALS


dx n = nx n 1 dx

d ln x 1 = dx x

d e cx = ce cx dx

d sin ax = a cos ax dx

d cos a x = asinax dx

xnd x =

b n +1 a n +1 n +1

(n 1)

b dx

b = ln x a

e cx dx =

eb ea c

MECHANICS
r r r r r r r r r r2 1r + 2 a x . Equations of motion with constant acceleration: r = r0 + v 0 t + a (t )2 , v = v 0 + a t , v 2 = v 0 2 r r dp r r r Newton II: F = = m a for constant m. p = mv dt r r 1 r Spring force: F = k r , where k is the spring constant , Energy stored in the spring: U = k r 2 . 2 Frictional force: F = N , where is the coefficient of friction.

Work-Energy theorem: K f K i =

r r r r Collisions: P1i + P2i + L = P1 f + P2 f + L ,


r m r + m2 r2 + L Centre of mass: rcom = 1 1 m1 + m2 + L

1 2 1 2 fr r mv f mvi = F d l = U i U f 2 2 i

K1i + K 2i + L = K1 f + K 2 f + L if collision is elastic.

Angular and rotational quantities:


s = r, v = r, at = r,
= r F = rF = rF sin ,

Equations of motion with constant angular acceleration: 1 2 = 0 + 0 t + t 2 , = 0 + t , 2 = 0 + 2 . 2 Rotational kinetic energy:


K=

v2 = 2 r r d d L = (I) dt dt ar =

1 2 1 2 I + Mvcom if rolling, vcom = R 2 2 r r r r d d r r Rotational Newton II: = r F = L = (r p ) , Conservation of angular momentum: I i i = I f f dt dt Moment of inertia:
2 I com = mr

Parallel axis theorem:


I = I com + md 2

Object and axis

Picture

Object and axis

Picture

Thin rod about centre Thin rod about end

1 ML2 12

Cylinder or disk, about centre Cylindrical hoop, about centre Solid sphere about diameter Spherical shell about diameter

1 MR 2 2

1 ML2 3

MR 2

Plane or slab about centre Plane or slab about edge

1 Ma 2 12

2 MR 2 5

1 Ma 2 3

2 MR 2 3