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Mobil Producing Nigeria Ultd

QUA IBOE POWER PROJECT (QIPP)

DOCUMENT NUMBER:
Country Code Company Facility / Plant Code Originating Organization

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001
Discipline Code Document Type Document Sub Type Equipment / Component Loc Code Numeric Sequence Number

NG

AB

MP

DES

00

00001

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment)

11 0 10 Rev

26-Jul-2012 15-May-2011 25-Feb-2011 Date

J. Lauthers Jonathan Lauthers ILF Prepared By

See Page 2 See Page 2 William Coe Reviewed By

See Page 2 See Page 2 Jonathan Lauthers Endorsed By

Bassey J.Umoh Bassey J.Umoh Scott Laidlaw Approved By

Issued for CITT Issued for Approval Issued for Use Reason for Issue

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 2 of 31 July / 2012

Authorization Page

Prepared by: Jonathan Lauthers Electrical Lead Endorsed by: Elton Lesikar EMDC Functional Manager Endorsed by: Alex Guiscardo EMDC Functional Manager Endorsed by: Nolan O'Neal Global Ops Functional Manager Endorsed by: Patrick Anastasio QIPP Engineering Manager Approved by: Bassey J.Umoh Project Manager

Date:

Date:

Date:

Date:

Date:

Date:

SIGNATURES KEPT IN PROJECT FILE

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 3 of 31 July / 2012

REVISION MODIFICATION LOG


Revision Section Description

10 0 11

All All ALL

Reformatted for ITT Issued for Approval Issued for CITT

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 4 of 31 July / 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 2 2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.2 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 2.3.5 2.3.6 2.3.7 2.3.8 SCOPE / PURPOSE POWER PLANT General Basic Power Plant Configuration Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission Grid Code Requirements Assumptions Electrical Design Philosophy for Power Plant Applicable Standards Voltage Levels Power Train Sizing and Design General Distribution Requirements Normal Power Supply Backup Power Supply Essential / Black-Start Diesel Generators Backup Power Supply DC / UPS Electrical Protection Systems 6 7 7 7 7 8 9 9 9 11 13 14 17 19 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 28 28

2.3.8.1 Generators 2.3.8.2 Generator Step-Up Transformer 2.3.8.3 Generating Unit Protection 2.3.8.4 Auxiliary Power Supply Systems 2.3.9 2.3.10 2.4 2.4.1 Electrical Control and Management System (ECMS) Metering and Measuring Electrical Design Philosophy for Substations Substation at Power Plant Area

2.4.1.1 Switchgear and Instrument Transformers 2.4.1.2 Earthing and Lightning Protection 2.4.1.3 Protection 2.4.1.4 Electrical Control and Management System (ECMS) 2.4.1.5 Electrical Supply, Auxiliary Services 2.4.2 Substation Extension at Ikot Abasi Area

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 5 of 31 July / 2012

3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 5 5.1

BROWNFIELD FUEL GAS PIPING General Assumptions Electrical Design Philosophy for Fuel Gas Piping Hazardous Area Classification Lightning Protection Earthing TRANSMISSION LINE General Assumptions Electrical Design Philosophy for Transmission Line ATTACHMENTS

29 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 30

ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. 31

Attachment 1 Electrical Single Line Diagram (Simplified)

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 6 of 31 July / 2012

SCOPE / PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to define the basic concept and minimum requirements for the design of electrical systems including AC and DC Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) equipment for the Qua Iboe Power Project, Simple Cycle Power Plant. QIPP power plant and power plant substation is intended to be operated by 3rd party personal under an O&M contract. An access road inside the double fence around the plant and a gate(s) in the inner fence(s) to the 330 kV substation will be installed for access by PHCN/TCN personal. A separate building accessed by these gates will house required metering display for PHCN /TCN. Access from this metering building into the substation proper shall be controlled by QIPP security. The QIPP to Ikot Abasi transmission line will be handed over to PHCN / TCN after acceptance. Operations and maintenance will performed by the QIPP O&M contractor prior to acceptance. The QIPP modifications to Ikot Abasi substation will be turned over to PHCN / TCN for operation after acceptance. For Ikot Abasi substation all energized operations will be done by PHCN / TCN. The plant is built for either base load or peaking load application. It will have various grid support features including black start and extended power factor support.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 7 of 31 July / 2012

2 2.1 2.1.1

POWER PLANT General Basic Power Plant Configuration This Philosophy refers to Simple Cycle (SC) configuration, approximately 500 MW at ISO conditions upon completion of Base Case including Option 1: Base Case, including Option 1 results in 3 or 4 gas turbine generator (GTG) units to meet approximately 500MW power plant output Black-start of the power plant and capability for dead bus closure of 330 kV circuit breakers (CB) to energize TLine is required Island Operation capability is required Preliminary Internal Load List to be developed during EPC Bid (EPC Tendering, Phase 2) Typical Cause and Effect Matrix to be developed during EPC Bid (EPC Tendering, Phase 2) Earth resistance shall be measured during dry season The CONTRACTOR shall meet the minimum requirements stated in the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) Grid Code and guidelines (the Code, or The Grid Code for the Nigeria Electricity Transmission System, Version 01 or later).

2.1.2

Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission Grid Code Requirements The requirements are taken from NERCs The Grid Code for the Nigeria Electricity Transmission System, Version 01. Numbers of referenced sections may change in later versions of the Code. The following items are a summary of selected important grid code requirements. Compliance of the complete Grid Code is required. Part 3 - Connection Conditions: Section 2.1: Frequency range: 50Hz +/-2.5% is the normal range, +3.5% / - 3% under extreme conditions Section 2.1: Voltage range: 330kV +/-5% is the normal range, no data given for extreme conditions Section 2.1.8: transient over-voltage during lightning strike typically +/-20%

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 8 of 31 July / 2012

Section 2.1.9: basic insulation value (BIV) for 330kV: 1300kV Section 2.2: voltage perturbations Section 4.2: SCADA, measurement and data exchange (serial interfaces for data exchange with control centers, transient recording facilities at the connection point Section 4.3: telecommunication installations (hot line direct telecommunication cannels, communication lines for SCADA and protection Section 4.4: power system control (data for control centers) Section 4.5: protection criteria and metering (main and backup protection, typical fault clearance times, metering according metering code at the connection point) Section 4.6: additional requirements for power stations (performance requirements): Generating unit power factor range: 0.85 lagging 0.95 leading, at the generating unit terminals (note: QIPP shall use minimum of 0.8 lagging 0.9 leading, in order to compensate the reactive power generation/consumption of the 330kV OH-line to the substation Ikot Abasi Reactive power output must be (in steady state conditions) fully available within the voltage range +/-10% of nominal voltage at the connection point Generating unit must be capable of ramping up at a rate of at least 3% Automatic voltage regulator (AVR) is required, including PSS Generating units must continue operation within frequency range -5% / +3%

Part 4 - Operation Code: Section 4 - Black start: black start station shall have the ability for at least one of its generating units to start-up from shutdown and to energize a part of the total system, or be synchronized to the system

2.2

Assumptions The entire output of the power plant is absorbed by TCN (grid operator), as to be stipulated in the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA). GTG - Package: Generator voltage 15kV this voltage fits to most Vendors/Manufacturers standards. Anyhow, the Vendor/Manufacturer may choose another voltage level between 12 and 20kV to apply the Vendors/Manufacturers standard. Generator cooling: air-cooled, TEWAC Typical GT starting device: starting motor, 1000kW

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 9 of 31 July / 2012

Static excitation system Mechanical Balance of Plant (BoP) systems e.g., fuel gas treatment skid, cooling system, water treatment system, diesel generators

2.3 2.3.1

Electrical Design Philosophy for Power Plant Applicable Standards The electrical system design, manufacturing, construction, installation, test and commissioning shall be in accordance with the relevant codes, standards, rules and regulations as listed below, all in latest valid edition: Local law, requirements of the grid code and authorities IEC - (International Electro-technical Commission) British Standards (BS)

2.3.2

Voltage Levels Description


High Grid Voltage

Operating Voltage
50 Hz; 330 kV 3 ph +13% / -10% (1)

Earthing Arrangement
Transformer properly (earthed) neutral grounded

Used for
Grid connection

Generator Duct 1)

Bus

50 Hz; U n 5%, 3 ph (rated voltage 15kV or acc. manufacturer standard)

The

neutral

of via

the a

Generators and generator main connection

generator is grounded (earthed) grounding resistor. The LV neutral of the transformers grounded is (earthed)

MV System 2)

50 Hz; 6.6 kV 10% 3 ph + PE

Plant

auxiliary

power

main

distribution, large motors >200kW

via a resistor, limiting the earth fault current to approximately 200 A. LV Systems 3) 50 Hz; 400 V 10% , 3 phase + N + PE 230 V 10%, 1 phase + N + PE The star point of the low system voltage is AC properly Process equipment, auxiliary

systems, motors 200kW. Separate systems for lighting

grounded (earthed).

power sockets and HVAC.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 10 of 31 July / 2012

Description
AC Uninterruptible Power Supply System 4) DC System 5) 7)

Operating Voltage
50 Hz; 230 V 5% 1 phase + N + PE

Earthing Arrangement
The neutral of the low voltage system AC is UPS properly UPS for

Used for
process equipment, and

control-

monitoring-

communication equipment

grounded (earthed). 110 V +10% / -15% 2 phase + PE The 110V DC system is isolated from ground. Earth faults will be detected. Preferred equipment, UPS for process control-

protection-,

and monitoring equipment

DC System 6) 7)

24 V +10% / -15% 2 phase

The 24 V DC system negative pole is solidly grounded.

Internal power supply and signal voltage for protection-, controland monitoring systems

Note 1) the voltage variation for generators shall be in accordance with IEC 60034 +/-5%. Applying this voltage range, the unit transformers, LV auxiliary transformers, cables etc. can be designed to keep the consumer voltage within the standard voltage variations for MV/LV AC systems of +/- 10% under all normal operating conditions. Also the grid code requirement +/10% at connection point and the grid study data shows the maximum voltage drop 3% on HV OH-line to Ikot Abasi. No on-load tap changers (OLTC) will be required for unit transformers and LV auxiliary transformers. To compensate the voltage drop over the GSU transformers and the required voltage variation range of the 330kV grid, all the GSU-transformers will be equipped with OLTC. Note 2) 6.6 kV is a typical MV level for power plants, where standard equipment designed for 7.2kV maximum operating voltage can be used with sufficient margin for operational overvoltage conditions. Note 3) 400/230V is recommended by IEC 60038. If this system is used for three-phaseconsumers as well as for single phase consumers, a neutral conductor is required. Large distribution systems should be designed with solidly grounded (earthed) neutral (TN-system). The neutral conductor (N) should be separate from the protective ground conductor (PE) to achieve a high level of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), hence a TN-S system shall be used, TN-C-S may be used for main distribution boards only. Distribution-panels supplying lighting and power-sockets shall be segregated from the LV-switchgear, utilising /transformers. Distribution-panels serving domestic consumers (i.e. kitchen, bathrooms, laboratory) shall be equipped with an earth leakage circuit breaker. Note 4) Single phase UPS are preferred to provide sufficient short circuit currents for selective tripping. UPS shall be used only for protection and monitoring equipment, which is not available

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 11 of 31 July / 2012

for DC-supply using standard equipment available for reasonable cost. Since the UPS-inverter includes a voltage regulator, the voltage variation can easily be reduced to +/-5%. Note 5) The DC voltage level of the station batteries shall be chosen considering the power demand (some emergency consumers will require a power demand >10kW), limiting the voltage drop to keep the voltage within the specified variation range, and to limit electromagnetic interference. 110V is the best choice for such applications. Anyhow, other standard voltages such as 220V or 125V may be used, if this is the suppliers preference. Note 6) 24VDC is the standard voltage for I/Os of automation systems. A centralized 24VDC system is not recommended considering the voltage drop to supply a distributed control system. Note 7) For DC-Systems a wider voltage variation range of +10/-15% is recommended, which is the most economic compromise of battery sizing and acceptable voltages for consumers. 2.3.3 Power Train Sizing and Design Generator Sizing of all components: generator capability shall be higher (approximately +10%) than the maximum turbine output at site conditions which would generate the maximum power Generator voltage according with the supplier standard Cooling method OAC may be acceptable Rated power factor: 0.8 Power factor (minimum) range: 0.8 lagging 0.9 leading Static excitation: dual channel AVR, n-1 redundancy for rectifier units Power supply static excitation: via excitation transformer, connected via IPB directly to the generator bus alternative: supply from MV switchgear Synchronization: dual channel automatic synchronization, for 2 CBs, manual synchronization only from local turbine control board with backup-synchro-check relay Under normal conditions synchronization of the generator will be done using the GCB (generator circuit breaker) In case the unit shall be synchronized to the grid following island operation (house load operation), the synchronization will be done using the 330 kV CB of the respective generating unit For island operation (supplying power to the grid as single power source for an island) a dead-bus-closure shall be possible for the GCB and for the 330 kV CB of the GTG generating unit.

Generator Busbar
NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 12 of 31 July / 2012

Isolated phase bus design with pressurization T-offs for unit transformer

Generator Circuit Breaker SF6 type, designed and tested according IEEE C37.013 Outdoor installation acceptable With motorized disconnector and earthing switches on both sides

Generator step-up transformer (GSU) Oil immersed type, outdoor arrangement Cooling type ONAN/ONAF, cooling fans n+1 redundancy: the transformer capacity shall be designed for ONAN cooling at rated conditions, ONAF-mode shall be used for overload and abnormal conditions (e.g. higher ambient conditions) OLTC, range and tapings shall be selected to meet grid code / voltage variations under all operating conditions. The OLTC range shall be designed for all operating conditions (e.g. full load, part load, synchronizing) considering the worst case grid voltage variation, limiting the generator voltage to +/-5% and compensating the voltage drop of the GSU transformer. According grid code the 330kV system shall be operated within the range 95 105% of rated voltage Further the grid code requires power supply without restriction within the range 90 110% of rated voltage A grid study shows that the voltage variation in all 330kV substations is <19% and maximum voltage was 109%

Unit Protection Redundant multifunctional microprocessor based protection system

Monitoring Instrumentation and monitoring for the generating units shall be sufficient to meet the requirements of protection systems (section 2.3.8) and condition monitoring systems (hereafter listed) Condition monitoring: it is recommended to install such additional condition monitoring systems for expensive electrical equipment, which is not yet standard but of proven design and available for reasonable cost, such as: GSU transformers: hydran for transformer oil (early warning device that alert developing fault conditions that could lead to equipment failures and unscheduled outages,

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 13 of 31 July / 2012

Generators: partial discharge sensors and portable equipment for monitoring PD on the generators (early warning device that alerts insulation problems that could lead to equipment failures and unscheduled outages)

Grid Connection 2.3.4 Via 330kV switchyard/substation

General Distribution Requirements All panels including lighting dc, etc shall have voltage indication. LV non critical panel may be LED per phase for critical need LED + meter. For switchgear LV and MV need switchgear class metering with a minimum metering of 3 phase voltage on each bus and ampacity on each source circuit breaker. All MV rear access panels need voltage indication in rear. Typically in MV piezo-electric voltage indication is used. All rear access panels shall be lockable and labeled. All panel and switchgear doors shall be supplied hinged and with built in locks. Larger panels that can accommodate space heaters shall be supplied with them, and LED indication that they are energized. All incomers to switchgear shall have Ammeters, all buses in all equipment shall have voltage indication Where n+1 sparing is employed for plant equipments, system segregation (cables shall not be run in same tray or duct) should be developed to ensure robustness of supplies and availability of equipment during periods of maintenance or breakdown, the supplies are to be independently derived as far as possible.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 14 of 31 July / 2012

2.3.5

Normal Power Supply Note the following drawings show three unit transformers and two essential generators. Detail design will determine the correct number of both. Though there is no electrical reason you cannot back feed from the grid through the GSU and through the UAT with the generator breaker open there currently is no mechanism to pay for this so this will procedurally not be allowed. If in the future this is allowed, the system shall be designed to allow this back feed. Contractor shall design the system to allow for back feed from the power grid. Normal Power Sources for Plant Auxiliaries During normal operation of the GTG-units the generators are synchronized to the grid, the auxiliary power is supplied from the HV grid and from the GTG-units

Fig. 2: Normal operation; power plant synchronized to the grid

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 15 of 31 July / 2012

During house load operation of the GTG-unit(s) the generator(s) are operating in an island supplying the plant auxiliary power only, with just plant load for island load only one GTG should be running

Fig. 3: House load operation of GTG(s)

Unit transformers Connected via IPB to GTG generator bus Oil-immersed type, ONAN Rating: designed for maximum auxiliary load: One GTG unit starting Plus one GTG unit in operation Plus common loads (BOP) Plus third GTG in standstill (if applicable) Plus 10% safety margin

MV switchgear Metal clad air insulated and arc resistant switchgear with drawout switching units, type tested and factory assembled

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 16 of 31 July / 2012

Separate bus bar section for each GTG-unit: incomer from unit transformer, feeders for starting motor, GTG LV auxiliary transformer, GTG excitation (if applicable) 3 or 4 couplers between the 4 bus bar sections.

LV distribution general Fed from MV switchgear via LV auxiliary transformer(s) LV switchgear / MCC: metal enclosed arc resistant switchgear with draw out units, type tested and factory assembled exceptions: for sub distribution boards of black box systems the equipment may be fixed installed according manufacturers standard

GTG LV distribution Fed from MV switchgear via GTG LV auxiliary transformer 1x100% System segregation shall be maintained LV switchgear with single incomer, no coupler

Common LV distribution Fed from 2 different MV bus bar sections via LV auxiliary transformers 2x100% System segregation shall be maintained between all 2x100% feeders or 3x100% feeders Common main distribution: 2 incomer, coupler, automatic transfer device (2 of 3) Important common LV sub distribution boards: 2x100% feeders from main distribution For LV sub distribution for redundant feeders/consumers: 2 incomers, coupler, automatic transfer device (incomers and coupler controlled by 2 of 3 logic) For LV sub distribution for single feeders/consumers: 2 incomers, no coupler, automatic transfer device (incomers controlled by 1 of 2 logic) Less important LV sub distribution boards: 1x100% feeders from main distribution

Power supply for 330kV switchyard/substation 2x100% Feeders from dedicated LV auxiliary transformers 2x100%, 2 incomers, couplers, automatic transfer devices (incomers and couplers controlled by 2 of 3 logic) System segregation shall be maintained

Automatic transfer devices (ATD) ATD for 2 redundant normal incomers and 2 busbar sections with couplers: The ATD shall control the 2 normal incomer CBs and the coupler CB Normal switching conditions: both incomers closed, coupler open ATD for 2 redundant normal incomers and 1 busbar section The ATD shall control the 2 normal incomer CBs

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 17 of 31 July / 2012

Normal switching condition: one incomer closed, the other incomer open The ATD shall be designed for Manually initiated load transfer between the normal sources without power outage, if the sources are synchronized Transfer of load shall be initiated automatically by incomer-protection and busbar under-voltage in order to minimize power outages Transfer of load shall be done only in safe condition: if the new backup source is healthy, if the sources are synchronized in case of paralleling sources, if the residual voltage is uncritical in case repowering after an outage

2.3.6

Short-circuit faults and earth faults at the busbar shall block the ATD The ATD shall not interfere during diesel island operation

Backup Power Supply Essential / Black-Start Diesel Generators General design criteria: Essential / Black-Start Diesel Generators shall be high speed 1500 rpm diesel generators which will result in three or four units to supply starting power to one GTG and worst case essential plant load and have an N+1 configuration. The attached drawings show a preliminary configuration of 2 100% essential generator on two separate buses. The finial number of essential generators and essential buses shall be engineered to maximize reliability and simplify controls. Capability of N diesel generator sets shall be sufficient for all GT-units in emergency shutdown or standby operation plus start-up of one GT-unit (black-start immediately after a trip of all GTG-units without grid power available) Each diesel generator shall be equipped with a day fuel tank for 8 hours minimum Each diesel generator shall be equipped with starting battery system for 5 starts without external power Each diesel generator shall also offer the possibility to be manually started, either by batteries or compressed air. Two electric starter-motors per diesel-engine are required.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 18 of 31 July / 2012

Fig. 4: One Diesel Generator unit in operation for house load

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 19 of 31 July / 2012

2.3.7

Backup Power Supply DC / UPS Fig. 5: DC / AC UPS Systems:

400 V Distribution Board


2/3 ATD

Battery Charger 1

Battery Charger 2

Battery 1

Battery 2

110VDC

110VDC

UPS Inverter 1 230VAC

UPS Inverter 2 230 VAC

230VAC UPS

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 20 of 31 July / 2012

Normal power source for the DC / AC UPS is the 400V distribution system (essential) The sketch above shows a typical application for important DC consumers, consisting of 2 x 100% DC UPS system: Critical loads which shall be redundant shall be powered from the DC busses Each system consists of a 110V battery, which is normally supplied from the 400V AC system via battery charger and a 110VDC distribution board (voltage could change depending on total load, size of loads, distance to loads) The battery charger is designed for consumer load plus charging of the battery Redundant consumers will be connected to separate DC-systems, single DC consumers may be supplied via decoupling diodes from both DC-systems DC-system(s) will be used for all emergency loads (e.g. GT emergency oil pump, protection-, monitoring and control systems) DC motors started directly which have voltage drops that impact other loads are required to be on separate DC systems or to be on drive / inverter applications which remove the transients. All buses shall have voltage metering All sources shall have ampacity metering The sketch above shows also a typical application for important AC consumers, consisting of a 2 x 100% AC UPS system The AC busses are separated by a normal open bus coupler or two separate panels which can be manually connected. Each system consists of a single-phase UPS inverter, which is supplied from the DC system The inverters are designed for full consumer load and are connected in load sharing mode in parallel The AC-UPS-system will be used for all emergency loads, which is not feasible to connect to the DC-system (e.g. HMI and such monitoring- control- and communication systems, which are not available for DC-supply) All buses shall have voltage metering All sources shall have ampacity metering

General design criteria: Designed for 1 hour power outage (but for HV switchgears at the substation 8-hours outage), all GTG-units shutdown or standstill (Note: design of DC/UPS-systems for 1 hour power outage is common practice, if a backup power source e.g. diesel generator units is available. Even in case of problems during automatic starting it should be possible to manually initiate a battery start or air start of a Diesel engine within 1 hour, if

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 21 of 31 July / 2012

qualified personnel are available on site. For essential switchgears such as MV, and Balance of Plant, 8 hours is required for DC/UPS-systems. Essential generators shall have two methods of starting. However, if the essential Diesel generator starts without problems, the power outage will last 520 seconds only, where the batteries will not be charged by normal/essential power)

Separate 110VDC system: One per GTG-unit: with 2x 100% battery charger and 2x 50% batteries One for plant common: with 2x 100% battery charger and 2x 100% batteries One for HV switchyard: with 2x 100% battery charger and 2x 100% batteries Different nominal voltage (e.g. 125VDC) may be used for GTG-package

24VDC system (if required): Via 2x 100% DC-DC-converter, fed from different 110VDC busbars DC-DC-converter installed decentralized, e.g. in control panels

Separate 230VAC UPS system: One per GTG-unit: with 2x 100% inverter One for plant common: with 2x 100% inverter One for HV switchyard: with 2x 100% inverter

The 110VDC UPS system will be used for: Process equipment, which is required for emergency shutdown (e.g. emergency oil pump) Switchgear control for HV, MV and LV Protection-, control- and monitoring equipment

The 230VAC UPS system will be used for: Protection-, control- and monitoring equipment, which is not available for DC supply, such as computers and monitors for HMIs and servers, communication equipment

The 24VDC UPS system will be used for: Protection-, control- and monitoring equipment, which is not available for 110V DC supply, such as internal voltage for PLC systems, power plant control and monitoring systems and other black box control systems.

Other systems with dedicated backup batteries: Diesel generators shall be equipped with their own battery system for starting

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 22 of 31 July / 2012

Diesel driven fire fighting pumps shall be equipped with their own battery system for starting Other systems will have independent integrated batteries to meet the requirements, e.g. emergency lighting fixtures, fire detection system, PABX etc.

2.3.8

Electrical Protection Systems In addition to specific protection mentioned below, transfer tripping / blocking schemes shall be used where ever possible, in the plant.

2.3.8.1 Generators The mechanical generator protection will include: Cooling air temperature Winding temperature Bearing temperature Bearing oil temperature and pressure Sealing oil temperature and pressure Vibration monitoring

The electrical generator protection shall be redundant and will include following protection functions at the minimum: Differential protection Negative phase sequence protection Loss of excitation protection Reverse power protection Stator ground fault protection (100% coverage) Volt/hertz (over excitation) protection Over-/under voltage protection Over-/under frequency protection Voltage restrained over-current or backup distance protection Inadvertent energization protection Voltage balance, to detect PT blown fuse Out of step protection Overload protection

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 23 of 31 July / 2012

2.3.8.2 Generator Step-Up Transformer The mechanical transformer protection for Generator Step-up Transformer (GSU) will include: Buchholz relay (for main oil and for OLTC oil) Dial thermometer for oil temperature Dial thermometer for winding temperature Oil level (for main oil and OLTC oil) PT100 detection for winding temperature Pressure relief device (for main oil and OLTC oil)

The electrical transformer protection shall be redundant and will include following protection functions (the protection zone shall include also the unit transformer and the HV connection line to the HV substation): Differential protection Restricted earth fault protection (low impedance differential) Over-/under voltage protection Over-/under frequency protection Over fluxing V/Hz protection Overload protection

2.3.8.3 Generating Unit Protection Additionally to the generator- and transformer protection following overall unit protection functions are required: Overall differential protection Protection functions to detect a grid fault: Under voltage / over voltage protection Under frequency / over frequency protection Voltage unbalance protection Phase / vector shift protection Rate of change of frequency protection (ROCOF)

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 24 of 31 July / 2012

2.3.8.4 Auxiliary Power Supply Systems The protection of MV cables, motors and transformers will be provided by non-redundant protection relays, which are installed in the MV switchgear. The protection of LV systems is integrated into the LV switchgear, e.g. using protection devices built in into circuit breakers or using fuses. 2.3.9 Electrical Control and Management System (ECMS) The control system of the power plant shall be used to monitor: System status of generation critical electrical system and components Generator loading and load sharing control status.

The power plant ECMS shall be used for the following: Generate maintenance alerts and provide detailed real time equipment and system status information. Record system and equipment events/alarms into Notification and Alarm Management System (NAMS) and Historian server Trending performance of the electrical system will be done by the Historian server. Online configuration of Intelligent Electrical Devices (IEDs) i.e., protection relays Transient event analysis for generators, HV switchyard and MV switchgear/MCC by the Historian server Load shedding is not required for GTG units. The essential generator will be sized to carry 100% of load to start one GTG and plant load. A simple load shed system shall be provided to prevent overload in case bus couplers are closed and a second GTG starter-motor is attempted to be started.

The ECMS capability may be integrated into the NAMS, or alternatively realized in a separate system which interfaces with the Master Turbine Panel. The ECMS shall gather data from the following electrical equipment: Generator Generator protection Transformer Transformer protection OLTC HV Switchyard

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 25 of 31 July / 2012

HV line / busbar protection MV switchgear / MCC LV switchgear / MCC MV / LV Motor protection Automatic transfer devices AC/DC UPS Essential / start-up Diesel generator units Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) Condition monitoring systems (e.g. generator partial discharge monitoring, transformer hydran system)

2.3.10

Metering and Measuring Fiscal metering (for custody transfer) shall be installed at the connection points for the T-Lines. Metering shall be compliant with the grid (metering) code. Any other potential future load from QIPP substation at 330 kV shall require fiscal metering (e.g. supply for QIT Terminal). The grid-operator (PHCN/TCN) shall be provided with separate fiscal metering devices installed in an enclosure at the switchyard-fence and granting access to meter-readings without entering either the power-plant, or the substation. A multifunctional measuring/metering device class 0.2 shall be provided: For each GTG unit, measuring at the generator terminals For each GTG unit transformer, measuring at the MV switchgear incomer

A multifunctional operational measuring device class 0.5 shall be provided at least: 2.4 For each LV incomer from transformer / diesel generator For each main LV sub-distribution incomer

Electrical Design Philosophy for Substations For the purpose of power evacuation generated in the Power Plant, the Power Plant will be tied to TCN network with a 330 KV double circuit TLine. QIPP 330 kV substation will under normal circumstances be controlled by power plant personnel in Central Control Room (CCR), up to and including gantry to first tower of transmission line.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 26 of 31 July / 2012

2.4.1

Substation at Power Plant Area The substation at power plant will be brand new Greenfield substation. The substation will have a secure fenced area with limited & controlled access. The substation will share common facilities with the power plant. The control room for power plant will make provision for switchyard control panels. The substation will be constructed self-contained as far as possible. Provision will be made to control the power plant substation from the central control room of the power plant. However, there shall be a separate building within the substation-premises to accommodate substation-related electric- and control-equipment (SCADA) hence it shall be also possible to control the switchyard from the substation. The Applicable standard for the 330 KV Switchyards is the One-and-Half- Breaker arrangement in conventional open air design. For 3+1 feeders from generating units and 2 OH transmission line feeders. Since the high voltage connection from step-up transformers to the substation will be designed preferably as OH-line, all generating feeders must be arranged for arriving at the same end of the switchyard consequently 4 bays are required. The disconnect switches to allow work on spare bays while substation is energized, all future equipment foundations and any other civil work to bring the ground surface to finish grade and cover to reduce the impact to the substation when fitting out spare bay, a bus jumper to replace future equipment shall be provided for any diameter with al spare bay to allow full functionality to the supplied circuit.. .Circuit breakers and other devices are not required in spare bays. All feeder metering and protection shall be routed to the 330 kV substation building, the fiscal metering on the transmission line circuits will be redundant with one set of signals routed to the PHCN metering building and one set to the 330 kV substation building. In addition to metering phone communication through the power line carrier will also be in the PHCN metering building. The PHCN metering building will have the same requirements as the substation building (HVAC, office furniture etc). The 330 kV substation at Power Plant shall have orientation, physical room, and bus capacity to handle a future plant of approximately 500 MW. The circuit breakers and other equipment in the diameter for the QIPP to Ikot Abasi transmission line circuits shall be rated for 1000 MW at maximum of 80% loading. Expansion room for the future circuits to connect the future power plant shall be possible on either side of the substation to facilitate connecting the future interconnect transmission line on either side of the substation with a transmission line crossing. The future space shall be within the road and fencing of the substation.

2.4.1.1 Switchgear and Instrument Transformers The switchgear and other equipment should be rated accordingly for required root-mean-square (rms) and creepage and in general confirm to all required standards.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 27 of 31 July / 2012

2.4.1.2 Earthing and Lightning Protection The substations earthing system shall be designed and installed in accordance with the recommendation guide for safety in Substation Grounding. The maximum ground fault current (step and touch study shall be performed by the CONTRACTOR) shall consider possible power plant and grid extensions. The substation earthing system will be interconnected with the power plant earthing system, as far as possible a uniform design will be applied plant-wide. Surge and lightning arrestors shall be provided for all 330kV OH-lines to meet the grid code requirements. 2.4.1.3 Protection For Line protection Main-I and Main-II scheme shall be used with distance protection scheme. The Main-II should be from different manufacturer. The protection scheme shall be coordinated with Auto reclosing facility and Teleprotection schemes. Teleprotection signals from protection Main-II shall be transmitted via a Power Line Carrier system. Teleprotection signals from Main-I shall utilize the SDH (synchronous digital hierarchy) equipment connected to the OPGW. The distance relays, if practical, at the both ends of the line shall be of the same type. Each line feeder protection shall consist of following protection functions: Line main protection: Distance protection with auto-reclosure functionality Over-/under voltage protection Overload protection Fault locator Line backup protection: Distance protection with auto-reclosure functionality Over-/under voltage protection Overload protection Fault locator

The incoming feeders from the generating units will be protected by the unit protection of the power plant. However, a backup-protection will be installed as part of the substation for following protection functions: Over current protection Earth fault protection Further a bus bar protection scheme will be implemented

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 28 of 31 July / 2012

2.4.1.4 Electrical Control and Management System (ECMS) The ECMS functionality shall follow the power plant philosophy (see 2.3.9) It is expected that the ECMS capability will be integrated into an integrated substation protection and control system. 2.4.1.5 Electrical Supply, Auxiliary Services Since the power plant substation consists of 330kV voltage level only, it is not practicable to supply the auxiliary power from the high voltage. The power supply will be derived from the 400V common main distribution board via 2x 100% feeders, supplying power from the normal plant supply or from the essential Diesel generator unit. Hence no additional LV auxiliary transformers and no essential Diesel generator units are required for the substation. The 400V sub distribution board will have 2 incoming feeders, coupler and automatic transfer device (2 of 3). Non-essential consumers of the substation will also be supplied from this distribution board located in the substation, but will be switched off during Diesel island operation. The uninterruptible backup power for the substation will be separated from the power plant by installing dedicated systems for the substation: 110V DC system for the substation: with 2x 100% battery charger and 2x 100% batteries for 8 hours back up control of the HV equipment and to supply protection-, control- and monitoring systems DC system for the substation communication, e.g., 48V DC 230V UPS for the substation: with 2x 100% inverter and 2x 100% batteries for 8 hr back up to supply critical control-, monitoring- and communication equipment, which is not available for DC-supply (e.g. HMI, printer, FO-converter)

2.4.2

Substation Extension at Ikot Abasi Area The overall extension at Ikot Abasi is in process to be built as one of the NIPP projects. QIPP will build out two bays for the double circuit 330 kV TLine. The two bays will be built out using the same design philosophy and equipment as used at Ikot Abasi substation.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 29 of 31 July / 2012

3 3.1

BROWNFIELD FUEL GAS PIPING General This Philosophy gives the description of the classification of hazardous areas, earthing and lightning protection of the Brownfield fuel gas piping through QIT to Power Plant area. The philosophy shall generally comply with the current philosophy of the QIT area and applicable GPs.

3.2

Assumptions All Hazardous area classifications, earthing, and lightning protection, if applicable, will be carried out in accordance with the required API, NEMA, ANSI and Global Practice standard (note if powered from power plant the IEC standards will apply) No cathodic protection is necessary because piping is on sleepers and not buried.

3.3 3.3.1

Electrical Design Philosophy for Fuel Gas Piping Hazardous Area Classification Areas in which an explosive gas atmosphere is present or likely to be present in quantities such as to require special precautions shall be shown and classified as hazardous areas, according to applicable API standard and GPs

3.3.2

Lightning Protection If necessary, lightning protection devices shall be used according to applicable Global Practice standard

3.3.3

Earthing Earthing of the fuel gas pipeline shall be designed according to applicable EMs Global Practice.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 30 of 31 July / 2012

TRANSMISSION LINE This Philosophy describes the electrical design which is concerned with the 330kV Transmission Line from QIT Ikot Abasi.

4.1

General The electrical design shall be accordance with PHCN / TCN standard 2007 edition or later.

4.2

Assumptions The electrical design is according to PHCN / TCN standard and regulations and supplemented by the Owners Requirement document.

4.3

Electrical Design Philosophy for Transmission Line The Transmission Line is going to be a 330 kV double circuit TLine. Twin Bison conductors, ACSR 380/50, 431 mm2 (as specified by TCN) with a continuous current rating under site conditions provide each of the two circuits 1360 A of load carrying capacity. As a result each circuit is rated for a maximum thermal limit of 777 MVA, but due to temporary significant voltage - drop approximately for 550 MW, hereinafter referred to as approximately 500 MW. Each circuit or set of lines will have the capacity to carry the entire export power load of approximately 500 MW (ISO), due to N+1 sparing philosophy (i.e., an installed spare). The completed TLine capacity is referred to N+1 as approximately 500 MW, and not approximately 1,000 MW.

4.4 4.4.1

Options An option to bid high temperature Al conductor to reach 1000 MW per circuit is currently included in the bid documents.

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design

NNPC/MPN Qua Iboe Power Project (QIPP)

Electrical Design Philosophy for EPC-1 and EPC-2 (including AC and DC UPS Equipment) NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001 Rev. 11

Page 31 of 31 July / 2012

5 5.1

ATTACHMENTS Attachment 1 Electrical Single Line Diagram (Simplified) Electrical Design Philosophy - Single Line Diagram (Simplified) - Simple Cycle Power Plant NGAB-IL-EDSLD-AT-50056

NGAB-MP-EBDES-00-00001_Rev11 Electrical Design