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### GENERAL SANTOS HOPE CHRISTIAN SCHOOL

Block 8, City Heights, General Santos City

FOURTH YEAR A and B

SY: 2013 - 2014

NAME : _______________________ Teacher: ROGELIO B. PONTEJO

.

SCORE Date: ___________

• I. Multiple Choice: Choose the correct answer. Write the answer in the space provided before each item.

• 1. Measurement:

 ______ A) allows us to make quantitative models B) gives us the ability to make statements about quantities of things C) is the association of numbers with some situation D) is all of the above 2. An object has a mass of 200 g and a volume of 125 mL. What is the density in g.mL? A. 0.620 C. 1.60 B. 0.750 D. 3.25 ___ 0 ___ 3. It is a temperature reading wherein 0 C is equal to 0 F? 0 A. C 0 C. 40 0 C 0 B. C 4 D. 25 0 C ______ 4. How many cm. in 12 inches?
• A) 10 cm.

• B) 14 cm.

• C) 4.7 cm.

• D) 30 cm.

• E) 11.3 cm.

_____

5. The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of a substance is the ____.

 A. temperature C. thermal energy B. heat D. kinetic energy

______

6. The freezing point of a substance is substance.

____

the melting point of the same

 A. greater than C. equal to B. less than D. unrelated to

7.

______

Write a balanced equation for the reaction between zinc metal and oxygen gas to produce solid zinc oxide.

 A. 2 Zn (s) + O 2 (g) 2 ZnO (s) B. 4 Zn (s) + O 2 (g) 2 Zn 2 O (s) C. Zn (s) + O 2 (g) ZnO (s) D. Zn (s) + O 2 (g) ZnO 2 (s) E. Zn (s) + O (g) ZnO (s)
 ______ 8. Calculate the empirical formula of the ionic compound sodium sulfite. A. SO Na 3 3 C. NaS 2 O 4 Elemental analysis indicates that it contains 36.48% Na, 25.44% S, and 38.08% O. B. SO Na 2 3 D. Na 2 SO 4 ______ 9. Butane is used in disposable lighters. Complete combustion of 5.00 mg of butane gas in oxygen gave 15.1 mg of CO 2 and 7.75 mg of H 2 O. Determine the empirical formula of butane. C x H y + O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + H 2 O(g) A. C 4 H 8 B. C 4 H 5 C. C 2 H 5 D. C 2 H 1 ______ 10. How many grams of O 2 are needed to react with 18.5 grams of Mg? 2 Mg(s) + O 2 (g) 2 MgO(s) A. 6.10 grams O 2 C. 12.2 grams O 2 B. 24.4 grams O 2 D. 48.8 grams O 2 11. All known elements are organized into a chart known as the
• A. element table.

• B. group table.

• C. periodic table.

• D. metal-nonmetal table.

 12. The vertical columns of the periodic table are called A. periods. C. groups B. rows. D. chemicals 13. A period is A. a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table. B. a vertical column of elements in the periodic table. C. a region of two or more columns in the periodic table. D. another name for the periodic table. 14. Which of the following is not a property of metals?
• A. malleability

• B. good electrical conductivity

• C. brittleness

• D. good heat conductivity

 15. Metalloids lie between metals and nonmetals on the periodic table. They tend to be A. nonconductors. C. semiconductor B. conductors. D. unreactive 16. The “shininess” of a metal is called its A. luster. B. color C. streak D. malleability. 17. The element carbon is classified as a A. metal. B. nonmetal C. metalloid D. noble gas. 18. Which of the following is not true of nonmetals? A. Many are gases. B. Many are ductile. C. As solids, they tend to be brittle. D. Most are poor heat and electrical conductors. 19. Which of the following elements is a metalloid? A. neon B. selenium C. mercury D. silicon 20. Which of these describes noble gases? A. massless C. unreactive B. good heat conductors D. good electrical conductors 21. An experiment was designed to measure the effect of sulfur dioxide emissions from a power plant on the pH of rain falling downwind of the plant. In this experiment, the average pH of rainwater upwind from the plant would be considered A. a model C. the hypothesis B. a variable D. the control 22. Which of these best describes a scientific model? A. a small version of a large object B. the most recent version of a theory C. a way of explaining a complex concept D. a detailed description of a natural event 23. A proposed explanation that is based on observations and that can be tested is known as a(n) A. principle B. experiment C. law D. hypothesis 24. For each investigation, the scientific method
• A. requires that the same set of procedures be followed.

• B. provides a logical set of procedures.

• C. is abandoned if there are unexpected results.

• D. helps to predict the results.

25. A theory is accepted as the explanation of an observed phenomenon. Until

• A. one study contradicts the theory.

• B. repeated observations conflict with the theory.

• C. a new method is used to gather data.

• D. a leading scientist feels that it is invalid.

26. Except for protium, the simplest type of hydrogen atom, all nuclei consist of

• A. protons and electrons.

• B. neutrons and positrons.

27. Electrons can be found

• A. inside protons.

• B. inside neutrons.

• C. attached to the nucleus.

C. protons and neutrons

D. electrons and positrons

• D. moving rapidly outside the nucleus.

28. We know that objects with like electric charge repel one another. Which statement best explains why protons can remain close to one another in a nucleus?

• A. There is no electric charge in the nucleus of an atom.

• B. A short-range force, called the strong nuclear force, binds protons together.

• C. Protons are balanced electrically by electrons.

• D. Neutrons cancel out the electric force.

29. Most of an atom is

A. dense

B. fluid

What is the charge of a neutron?

A. positive

B. negative

C. neutral

C. empty

D. the nucleus

D. None of the above

31. The atomic number of an element is

• A. the mass of the element.

• B. 1 mol of the element.

• C. the number of protons in each atom of the element.

• D. the number of neutrons in each atom of the element.

32. Hydrogen that is composed of atoms with two neutrons is called

A. protium

B. deuterium

C. tritium

D. helium

33. Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different

• A. masses.

C. numbers of electrons

 B. charges. D. atomic numbers 34. Mass number is A. the average atomic mass of an element. B. the total number of electrons in an atom of an element. C. the total number of protons in an atom of an element. D. the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom of an element. 35. The isotope uranium-235 has 92 protons and 143 neutrons. Therefore, its mass number is A. 92 B. 235 C. 143 D. impossible to determine. 36. What is the maximum number of electrons that a single orbital can hold? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 37. What is the total number of orbitals in the fourth main energy level? A. 1 B. 4 C. 9 D. 16 ______ 38. How many electrons can a d sublevel contain? A. B. 6 2 C. 10 D. 16

_____

39. The statement that no two electrons in the same atom can have the same four quantum numbers is a restatement of

 A. Bohr’s law C. the Aufbau principle B. Hund’s rule D. the Pauli Exclusion Principle

40. According to the Aufbau principle, which of the following sublevels is lowest in energy?

 A. 3d B. 4s C. 4p D. 5s 41. In a ground-state hydrogen atom in which orbital is the electron? A. 1s B. 2s C. 2p D. 3s

42. How many electrons are present in an atom of calcium that has the electron configuration 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 ?

A. 6

B. 16

C. 20

D. 36

43. The ground-state electron configuration of neon is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 . In this arrangement, how many of neon’s p orbitals are completely filled?

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 6

_____

44. Oxygen has an electron configuration of 1s 2 2s 2 2p 4 . In this arrangement, how many inner-shell electrons does oxygen have?

 A. 1 B. 2 C. 4 D. 8 45. Which of the following is a noble gas? A. carbon B. oxygen C. sodium D. neon 46. The noble-gas notation for the electron configuration of bromine is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 5 .How many unpaired electrons are there in an atom of bromine in the ground state? A. 0 B. 1 C. 3 D. 5 47. A ground-state atom of which element has one electron in its fourth and outermost main energy level? A. K B. Na C. B D. Ga ______ 48. Separating unpaired electrons into as many orbitals as possible A. places the electrons farther from the nucleus. B. results in more valence electrons. C. minimizes the repulsion between electrons. D. produces a greater spin quantum number. 49. Oxygen has an electron configuration of 1s 2 2s 2 2p 4 . In this arrangement, how many inner-shell electrons does oxygen have? A. 1 B. 2 C. 4 D. 8 50. Which of the following is a noble gas? A. carbon B. oxygen C. sodium D. neon _____ 51. What are standard temperature and pressure conditions for gases? A. 0°C and 0 torr C. -273°C and 1 atm B. 0 K and 760 torr D. 0°C and 760 torr ______ If the volume of a confined gas is doubled while the temperature remains constant, what change (if any) would be observed in the pressure? 52. A. It would be half as large. B. It would double. C. It would be four times as large. D. It would be 1/4 as large. 53. ______ A given mass of gas in a rigid container is heated from 100°C to 500°C. Which of the following responses best describes what will happen to the pressure of the gas?
• A. The pressure will decrease by a factor of five.

• B. The pressure will increase by a factor of five.

• C. The pressure will increase by a factor of about two.

• D. The pressure will increase by a factor of about eight.

 _______ 54. Which of the following has the most molecules? A. 1.00 L of CH4 at 0°C and 1.00 atm B. 1.00 L of N2 at 0°C and 1.00 atm C. 1.00 L of O2 at 20°C and 1.00 atm D. 1.00 L of CO at 0°C and 1.25 atm _______ 55. Avogadro stated that equal volumes of gases under the same conditions of temperature and pressure have equal A. numbers of molecules. C. molar masses B. numbers of grams. D. atoms _______ 56. What volume of CH4 at 0°C and 1.00 atm contains the same number of molecules as 0.50 L of N2 measured at 27°C and 1.50 atm? A. 0.37 L B. 0.46 L C. 0.68 L D. 0.50 L _______ 57.If 3.0 L of helium at 20.0°C is allowed to expand to 4.4 L, with the pressure remaining the same, what is the new temperature? A. 702°C B. 430°C C. 157°C D. -30.0°C 58. At what temperature will 41.6 grams N 2 exert a pressure of 815 torr in a 20.0 L cylinder? A. 134 K B. 176 K C. 238 K D. 337 K _______ 59. What is the molar mass of a gas which has a density of 1.30 g/L measured at 27°C and 0.400 atm? A. 38.0 g/mol B. 48.0 g/mol C. 61.5 g/mol D. 80.0 g/mol

______

60. What is the chemical formula of a gas if it has a pressure of 1.40 atm and a density of 1.82 g/L at 27°C?

A. CO 2

B. CO

C. CH 4

D. O 2

II.

PROBLEM SOLVING.

61 – 65. What is the percentage of iron in FeCl 3 ? The molar mass of FeCl 3 is 162.2 g/mol.

• 66 – 70. Ammonia is produced on an industrial scale by the reaction of nitrogen gas with hydrogen gas (the Haber process) according to this balanced equation:

How many grams of N 2 are necessary to produce 7.50 g of NH 3 ? [ N = 14.00 g/mol].

• 71 – 75. An empty flask has a mass of 47.392 g and 47.816 g when filled with acetone vapor at 100.° C and 745 mm Hg. If the volume of the flask is 247.3 mL, what is the molar mass of the acetone?

• 76 – 80. If we add 450 cal of heat to 37 g of ethanol at 20°C, what is the final temperature? [The specific heat of ethanol is 0.59 cal/g °C]

• 81 – 85. Suppose 12 g of C is mixed with 64 g of O 2 , and the following reaction takes place:

What is the limiting reactant? Show your solution.

III.

BALANCING CHEMICAL REACTION

NaI

BaS

CO 2

+

+

+

H 2 O

HNO 3

H 2 O

89.

90.

C 4 H 10

+

Fe

+

O 2

CO 2

CO

2

Fe
GOD BLESS

2 O 3

+

+

H 2 O

CO

 51. Elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table are called A. alloys C. metals B. main-group elements D. transition metals 52. Elements in Group 18 have A. very low reactivity C. very high reactivity B. good conductivity D. metallic character 53. Nonmetallic elements in Group 17 that react with most metals to form salts are A. alkali metals C. lanthanides B. halogens D. noble gas 54. The outer-level electron configuration of a neutral alkaline-earth metal atom consists of A. one electron in the s orbital C. one electron in the p orbital B. two electrons in the s orbital D. two electrons in the p orbital 55. In nature the alkali metals are found only in compounds because they A. have small atoms C. are rare elements B. are very reactive elements D. each have a stable octet ______ 56. In which group is an element that has an outer-level electron configuration consisting of one electron in the d orbital and two electrons in the ns orbital? A. Group 1 B. Group 2 C. Group 3 D. Group 5 57. What is the correct prefix-based name for selenium(II) fluoride? A. selenium fluoride C. diselenium difluoride B. diselenium fluoride D. selenium difluoride 58. What is the formula for copper(I) oxide? A. CuO B. Cu 2 O C. CuO 2 D. Cu 2 O 2 59. A monatomic ion has an oxidation number A. of zero. C. equal to the charge of the ion B. indicated by the ion’s prefix. D. equal to its subscript What is the correct Stock name for SnBr 4 ? A. tin(IV) bromide C. tin tetrabromide

B. tin bromide

D. tin (IV) tetrabromide