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Indian Cattle Breeds

MILCH BREEDS 2. MILCH AND DRAUGHT BREEDS 3. DRAUGHT BREEDS


1.

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1. Sahiwal

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Mainly found in Punjab, Haryana, U.P, Delhi, Bihar and M.P. Milk yield Under village condition :1350 kgs Under commercial farms: 2100 kgs Age at first calving -32-36 months Calving interval 15 month

2. Gir

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Mainly found in Gir forest areas of South Kathiawar Milk yield Under village condition : 900 kgs Under commercial farms: 1600 kgs

3. Tharparkar

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Mainly found in Jodhpur, Kutch and Jaisalmer Milk yield Under village condition :1660 kgs Under commercial farms: 2500 kgs

4. Red Sindhi

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Mainly available in Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Orissa. Milk yield Under village condition :1100 kgs Under commercial farms: 1900 kgs

Milch and Draught breeds

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1.

Ongole

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Mainly found in Nellore, Krishna, Godavari and Guntur district of A.P. Milk yield 1500 kgs Bullocks are powerful for cart work and heavy ploughing.

2.

Hariana

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Mainly found in Karnal, Hisar and Gurgaon district of Haryana, Delhi and western M.P Milk yield 1140 -4500 kgs Bullocks are powerful for road transport and rapid ploughing

3.

Kankrej

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Mainly found in Guajrat Milk yield Under village condition :1300 kgs Under commercial farms : 3600 kgs Age at first calving -36 to 42 months Calving interval 15 to 16 months Bullocks are fast, active and strong. Good for plough and cart purpose

4. Deoni

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Mainly found in North western and western parts of A.P. Cows are good milk producers and bullocks are good for work

Draught Breeds 1. Amritmahal


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Mainly found in Karnataka. Best suitable for ploughing and transport

Hallikar

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Mainly found in Tumkur, Hassan and Mysore districts of Karnataka

Khillar

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Kangayam

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Mainly found in Coimbatore, Erode, Namakkal, Karur and Dindigul districts of Tamil Nadu. Best suited for ploughing and transport. Withstands hardy conditions.

Exotic dairy breeds Jersey


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Age at first calving : 26-30 months Intercalving 13-14 months Milk yield 5000-8000 kgs Dairy milk yield is found to be 20 lts whereas cross bred jersey, cow gives 8-10 lts per day. In India this breed has acclimatized well especially in the hot and humid areas

Holstein Friesian

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This breed is from Holland Milk yield - 7200-9000 kgs This is by far the best diary breed among exotic cattle regarding milk yield. On an average it gives 25 litres of milk per day, whereas a cross breed H.F. cow gives 10 - 15 lts per day. It can perform well in coastal and delta areas

BREEDS OF BUFFALO Murrah


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Mainly found in Haryana, Delhi and Punjab Milk yield 1560 kgs On an average the daily milk yield is found to be 8-10 lts, whereas a cross breed murrah buffalo gives 6-8 lts per day. It performs well in coastal and slightly cold climatic areas.

Surti

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Gujarat 1700-2500 kgs

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Kathiawar district of Gujarat 1800-2700 kgs

Nagpuri

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Nagpur, Wardha, Akola, Amravathi and Yeotmal in Maharastra. Milk yield 1030-1500 kgs

Pandharpuri

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The name Pandharpuri is from the town Pandharpur in Solapur district which is the home range of these buffalo. They are found in Solapur, Kolhapur and Sangli districts of Maharashtra state of India. Most of the region is highly draught prone, but some parts of the Sangli and Kolhapur districts do have good irrigation facilities. The majority of the breed are black with white markings found on the forehead, legs and switch of tail. The Pandharpuri are medium sized with average body weight of 450-470 kg. The long horns usually turned upwards or lateral. The udder is compact, trough shaped with cylindrical teats. The head is long, narrow with prominent nasal bone and the horizontal ears. The breed is famous for its high reproductive ability, producing a calf every 12 months. Under average management conditions and hot -dry climate these buffaloes yield 6-7 liters of milk per day; however under good management they are reported to yield up to 15 lit of milk per day.