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Evonda Hollis Professor Scott Barretta Aas 337 July 26, 2013 MY FINAL EXAM

.Muddy Waters has a song called "The Blues Had a Baby, and They Named the Baby Rock and Roll." How, according to Palmer, can we seen his music as setting the stage for the rock revolution of the 1960s? Muddy Waters main contribution to the creation of rock was helping blues make the transition from acoustic to electric. According to Palmer, although Muddy Waters and his band werent the first group to play electric blues, they were the first notable electric band around. Also, the mixture of Chicago blues and Delta blues that Muddy Waters created was the foundation on which rock and roll begin to form. Rock bands , to this day, still use metal or glass sliders on their fingers when playing the guitar as an action of homage to Waters and the Delta blues. Historically blues artists might have run into trouble if their lyrics explicitly criticized racism and other sorts of social mistreatment. In the absence directly confronting political issues, what were some ways in which they could more safely or secretly express themselves politically through their music? Despite the limitations on what blues musicians were able to explicitly express about their opinions regarding politics, they still found ways to get their opinions heard. Some artists expressed their ideas in their songs through codes. They developed double talk which used metaphors and allegories to safely confront controversial themes that the white society wouldnt approve of. Others used the tone of their song rather than actual words to express what they were feeling. Some artists went so far as to write songs that expressed their opinions, but made sure that these songs never came into contact with the part of society that was against their ideas. B.B. King is from the Delta, but why would it be incorrect to simply describe him as a "Delta Blues" artist? In other words, how did he develop his music via influences beyond the Delta? Although King is from the Delta, it is incorrect to consider him as solely a Delta Blues artist because of his vast knowledge and experiences of blues outside of this area. He was born in the delta, but was able to see acts from out of town at Indianola's Jones Night Spot. Some of the artists who majorly influenced his life were artists such as Sonny Boy and Robert Junior Lockwood as well as major Kansas City musicians like Count Basie. This melting pot of

inspirational styles served to give him a style of music that cannot be solely defined as the delta blues or Kansas City blues.

How might we see contemporary cultural tourism related to blues in Mississippi as serving to redefine the state to both residents and outsiders? Do you see any parallels with what has happened in Memphis? Cultural tourism is being used as a way to revitalize our state. The use of blues and its history in our state as a hook in cultural tourism plays a major role in shaping the way that the state of Mississippi is identified to both residents and outsiders. In an effort to reap the benefits of this type of tourism, many towns have aggressively promoted the connections of their towns with well-known musicians such as Muddy Waters and B.B. King. These types of things are helping to redefine the focus of Mississippi from racial to something more positive. Yes, there are definite parallels between the way that Memphis is remodeling in an attempt to revitalize their town in an effort to bring forth more money to their economy and the way that the Mississippi is using one of its main assets, a wealth of blues history, to revitalize its economy.

Throughout the class we've heard the idea of the blues being the "devil's music." How might we see Cone's views on blues as "secular spirituals" as criticizing this idea? Cones belief that the blues is a form of secular spirituals can be seen as criticizing the idea of it as devils music because he states that rather than rejecting God, the blues is just ignoring the spiritual side of life and focusing on the worldly part. He believes that in a way the blues and religion have a similar goal which is to help people deal with their troubled minds. He believes that it can be considered secular because of its focus on life in the here and now, but spiritual at the same time because it is in search of the truth just as religion is.