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Configuring DeltaV Alarms


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Objectives
Upon completion of this module you will be able to Define alarm characteristics Create an Analog Output module Create an Analog Input module Utilize Visibility and Data Entry Experts Create a tank graphic using a Dynamo Define the Event Chronicle

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DeltaV Alarms

A module created from a Module Template may include pre-assigned alarm(s).


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DeltaV Alarms

Right click a selected function block to assign an alarm.


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DeltaV Alarms
DeltaV Alarms Represent a Boolean evaluation of a pre-defined process state. For example, LI-101 > 950 Are specific to a module. For example, LI-101/HI_ALM.A_CV

Access DeltaV Alarms from the DeltaV Control Studio by selecting: File Open LI-101 (module name)

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DeltaV Alarm Priorities

DeltaV Alarm Priorities: Indicate importance of an alarm Affect the order alarms appear in the Alarm Banner and the Alarm List pictures in DeltaV Operate Maximum of 12 alarm priority levels, numeric values ranging from 4 (lowest) to 15 (highest), and a log only priority level of 3.

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DeltaV Default Alarm Priorities


CRITICAL (15), WARNING (11), ADVISORY (7) Time stamped in the controller Included in the list of highest priority alarms One to five alarms appear on the Alarm Banner May cause alarm audible at the Workstation Generate alarm records in the Event Chronicle Capture a maximum of two parameters LOG (3) Acknowledgment status and time stamped in the controller Generate event records in the Event Chronicle Capture up to two parameters
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DeltaV Alarm Ranking


DeltaV Alarms are prioritized in the following manner: Unacknowledged alarms are more important than acknowledged alarms Alarms with equal acknowledgment status Active alarms are more important than inactive alarms Alarms with equal acknowledgement status and active status alarms with higher priority (numeric) values have the greatest importance. Alarms with equal acknowledgement status, active status and priority value NEWER alarms (i.e., alarms with more recent time stamps) are more important than OLDER alarms

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DeltaV Alarm Summary

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DeltaV Alarm Summary


The following is a list of valid Alarm Fields which may appear in the DeltaV Alarm Summary line. Time In Unit Priority Parameter Description Alarm Message Alarm Word Access the DeltaV Alarm Summary from the DeltaV Operate (Run) by clicking the BELL icon.

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DeltaV Explorer Alarm Priorities

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DeltaV Explorer Alarm Priorities


Access the DeltaV Explorer Alarm Priorities definition form from the DeltaV Explorer by selecting: System Configuration Setup Alarm Preferences Alarm Priorities Alarm Priorities (i.e., Advisory) Properties

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DeltaV Explorer Alarm Priorities


Value Determines the priority value of the alarm. Auto Acknowledge New Alarms Determines if the alarm is automatically acknowledged at the time the alarm is detected. Auto Acknowledge When Inactive Determines if the alarm is automatically acknowledged when the condition causing the alarm clears. Alarm Banner Shows Determines when the alarm is displayed in the Alarm banner. The choices are Not Hidden, Unit and Module. Wave File Determines the sound associated with active alarms of this priority.
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DeltaV Explorer Alarm Types

Access the DeltaV Explorer Alarm Types definition from the DeltaV Explorer by selecting: System Configuration Setup Alarm Preferences Alarm Types Alarm Type (i.e., High Alarm) Properties
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Alarm Type Properties


The Alarm Types Properties form defines alarm characteristics by alarm type. For example, all high alarms use the alarm word HIGH for the operator display. The Alarm Types Properties form is also used to Modify existing alarm properties Add new alarm types

A maximum of 40 Alarm Types may be added and defined. Alarm Word appears in the DeltaV Operate when the alarm is active or unacknowledged. Category appears in the Event Chronicle for every alarm state change. Message appears in the standard Alarm List picture. The alarm message is defined as the description field. It is also logged in the Event Chronicle.
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DeltaV Explorer Alarm Types


Configured from the DeltaV Explorer, Alarm Type Properties define each alarms individual characteristics.

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DeltaV Explorer Alarm Types


Configured from the DeltaV Explorer, Alarm Type Properties define each alarms individual characteristics.

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DeltaV Explorer Alarm Types


Note: Parameter 1 (%P1) and Parameter 2 (%P2) are established when an Alarm is associated with an alarm on a function block.

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DeltaV Alarm Fields


Field
CUALM Current Alarm LAALM Latched Alarm CV Same as LAALM NALM New Unacknowledged PRI Priority ENAB Enabled INV Invert Input OPSUP Alarm Suppression

R/W
R R R R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W

A_ASCI
OK HIGH OK HIGH OK HIGH NO YES CRITICAL . . . LOG NO YES NO YES No Yes

F_FLOAT
0 16 0 16 0 16 0 1 15 . . .3 0 1 0 1 0 1

Display example: Module/Alarm.Format_Field LI-101/HI_ALM.A_CV


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Default Alarm Type Floating Point Values


DeltaV Alarm Types Discrete Device Communications Error Open Circuit Detected General I/O Failure Floating Point Error Over Range Under Range Statistical Error New Alarm Any alarm Change From Normal Change of State High High Alarm Low Low Alarm Rate of Change High Alarm Low Alarm Deviation Alarm
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F_Float 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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ALARMS[1-5] Parameter
Field LAALM A_(ASCII) OK LOW HIGH NO YES CRITICAL WARNING ADVISORY ALARM NAME TUE SEPT 10, 1996 14:22:05.22 NO YES F_(FLOAT) 0 17 16 0 1 15 11 7 N/A N/A 0 1

NALM PRI

ATTR TIN ENAB

The ALARMS[1] parameter will display the highest priority alarm that is active for a given module. For example: LI-101/ALARMS[1].A_LAALM
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ALARMS[1-5] Parameter

Picture Configuration
LI-101/ALARMS[1].A_LAALM A_NALM A_PRI A_ATTR A_TIN 21:05:03.57 LI-101/ALARMS[2].A_LAALM A_NALM A_PRI A_ATTR A_TIN 21:05:03.45 HIHI NO

Data Displayed

CRITICAL HI_HI_ALM Mon, Aug 10, 1998

HIGH NO WARNING HI_ALM Mon, Aug 10, 1998


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ALARMS Control Fields


ALARMS.F_MACK - Module Ack Setting to a 1 or YES causes all Alarms in the module to be acknowledged Immediately returns to 0 ALARMS.F_ENAB - Module Alarm Enable Setting to a 0 or NO causes all Alarms to be disabled ALARMS.F_PRIAD - Module Priority Adjustment Adjusts the effective priority of all alarms in the module (0 . . . 12) Setting to a 0 causes alarms to be treated as pre-configured priority

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Workstation Alarm Consolidation


Workstations maintain a list of the most important alarms for display in the Alarm Banner for THISUSER. Alarms qualify for the Workstation Alarm Banner by being in an eligible Plant Area which includes: Plant Area configured as part of this workstations Operator Subsystem Plant Area where current user is granted any attribute security write keys For example: Areas in this nodes Operator subsystem A B C D Areas in which user has write privileges Areas in which alarms are consolidated CDEF CD

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Workstation Alarm Consolidation


Workstation User

Area A
FIC-101 LIC-101 XV-101

Area B
FIC-201 LIC-201 XV-201

Area C
FIC-301 LIC-301 XV-301

Area D
FIC-401 LIC-401 XV-401

Area E
FIC-501 LIC-501 XV-501

Area F
FIC-601 LIC-601 XV-601

FIC-301
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XV-401
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Alarms by Plant Area


Alarms, grouped by plant area, exhibit the following: Every Alarm parameter is part of a Module Every Module is assigned to a Plant Area Each Workstation informs each controller of the list of Plant Areas in which it is listening for alarms Every state change detected in an alarm parameter generates an event occurrence record which is sent to Workstations which are listening for alarms in that specific plant area Workstations maintain a list of active alarms, ordered by importance, from the event occurrence records they receive

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Additional Alarm Parameters


THISNODE.THISUSER/ALARMS[1-5] Provides top five Alarms for this user Valid fields LAALM, MODULE, CV, NALM, PRI, ATTR, TIN THISNODE.AREA/ALARMS[1-5] Provides top five Alarms for this area Valid fields LAALM, MODULE, CV, NALM, PRI, ATTR, TIN

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DeltaV Event Chronicle


Time stamped in the controller

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DeltaV Event Chronicle


The Event Chronicle is a journal of system, process and user events associated with a workstation and its associated areas. Access the DeltaV Event Chronicle by selecting: Start DeltaV Operator Process History View Event

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Event Chronicle Properties - General

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Event Chronicle Properties - General


Access the DeltaV Event Chronicle from the DeltaV Explorer by selecting: Physical Network Control Network Workstation Alarms And Events Properties Enable Event Chronicle Check to establish an Event Chronicle for this workstation. After downloading the workstation node, the Event Chronicle begins capturing system, user and process events associated with the workstation. System SOE Collector Check to establish this node as the system wide SOE collector. Name Name of the Event Chronicle for this workstation.

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Event Chronicle Properties - Advanced

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Event Chronicle Properties - Advanced


Begin Maintenance at Specifies the time at which the system removes records older than the number of days specified. Remove Records Older Than Specifies the age of the records that the system removes at the specified maintenance time. You must indicate what you want done with the removed records. Maximum Chronicle Size Specify the maximum number of records in this Event Chronicle.

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Workshop Creating AI Modules & Defining Analog Alarms


This workshop requires you to perform the following tasks: Task 1. Task 2. Task 3. Task 4. Task 5. Create an Analog Output control module. Create an Analog Input control module. Define Analog alarms. Add a tank Dynamo. Define and view the Event Chronicle.

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Defining the Analog Output Module


AO

CTRL1 LEVEL-101

LY-1

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Defining the Analog Output Module


Use the Control Studio to create a new Analog Output module LEVEL-101 in the following manner: Step 1. Step 2. Drag n drop Analog Output from the IO palette Select the Parameter Window and modify the following IO_OUT to DST LY-1 PV_SCALE 0-1000 gal SP_HI_LIM 1000 SP_LO_LIM 0 Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7.
AO1

SP

Cas_In

Drag n drop Input Parameter from the Special Items palette and name the parameter SP. The parameter type is Floating Point. Connect the SP parameter to Cas_In on the AO function block. Select the Tank101 Select the Select the button to modify Module Properties primary display button to assign to controller and the button to download controller
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button to save

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Promoting a Parameter
By promoting a parameter, a parameter is elevated to a higher level in the function block diagram thereby shortening the parameter path. The means by which a parameter is promoted is contained in Steps 3 and 4 of the Analog Output Module Workshop above.

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Using Analog Module Templates


AI

CTRL1 LI-101

LT-1

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Using Analog Module Templates


Use Analog Module templates to monitor Analog Input in the following manner: Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Using the DeltaV Explorer, drag n drop the Monitoring - Analog Module Template from the Library to PLANT_AREA_A Rename the module LI-101 Launch Control Studio and modify the module as follows: a. Modify IO_IN to use DST LT-1 b. Modify OUT_SCALE 0-1000 gal c. Modify HI_ALM limit to 950 d. Modify LO_ALM limit to 100 e. Modify Module Properties primary display to Tank101 f. Assign the controller and save g. Download the module to the controller
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Modifying the Operator Display


Add LI-101 and LEVEL-101 to the Tank101 display in the following manner: Step 1. Step 2. Launch the DeltaV Operate (Configure) application and open the Tank101 display Add the following Data Links: LI-101/AI1/PV LI-101/ALARMS[1].A_LAALM

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DeltaV Operate Experts


Experts - dialog box that allows the user to perform a task that adds animation to an object on a picture, opens other pictures or performs some database action. Experts write Visual Basic code for the user. Background Color, Edge Color, Fill, Foreground Color, Position, Rotate, Visibility, Scale, Toggle Digital Tag, Write Value to Tag, Ramp Tag Value, Acknowledge Alarm, Acknowledge All Alarms, Build Dynamo, Open Picture, Replace Picture, Close Picture, Open Faceplate, Open PHV, DeltaV Data Entry, Resolve Files, Generate New Picture, Refresh Rate, Export Key Macros

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Modifying the Operator Display


Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7. Step 8. Step 9. Select the alarm datalink and click the Visibility Expert button from DeltaV_Toolbox. Set the Data Source to LI-101/ALARMS[1].F_LAALM. Set the condition so that the datalink is visible only when an alarm is active. Close all dialogs and return to the picture. Add another datalink to your picture for LEVEL-101/SP.F_CV. On the Datalink dialog leave the Data Entry set to None and click OK. With the new datalink selected on the picture, click on the Data Entry Expert button in the DeltaV_ToolBox.

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Modifying the Operator Display

Step 10. When the Data Entry Method dialog box appears, choose a Data Entry Method from the method frame, Numeric Entry from the entry frame and set the limits to 0 - 1000. Click OK to continue. Step 11. Modify the color of the datalink as necessary.
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Modifying the Operator Display


Step 12. Add a Tank from the dynamo set Tanks. Step 13. Add a rectangle to the picture using the rectangle button from the DeltaV_ToolBox. The vertical fill in this rectangle will be used to represent the level in the tank. Step 14. Select the rectangle and right click to select Animations from the pop-up window. Select the Fill tab on the dialog and check the box at the end of the VerticalFillPercentage property line.

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Modifying the Operator Display


Step 15. Modify the Data Source to point to the module LI-101 and parameter PV. Step 16. Set the Maximum Input to 1000. Step 17. Save the picture. Step 18. Run the DeltaV Explorer application and limit the Event Chronicle to 10,000 records.

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Operating the Analog Module


Operate LEVEL-101 and monitor LI-101 in the following manner: Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Run the DeltaV Operate application Verify LEVEL-101 output manipulates LI-101 input Verify that LI-101s HIGH and LOW alarms function properly Verify that the Event Chronicle is logging alarms and events

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