Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

MODUL 3

MATEMATIK SPM “ENRICHMENT”


TOPIC: CIRCLE, AREA AND PERIMETER
TIME: 2 HOURS

1. Diagram 1 shows two sector of circle ORQ and OPS with centre O.

12 cm

7 cm
150° O
P Q

DIAGRAM 1
22
By using  = , calculate
7
(a) the perimeter for the whole diagram in cm,
(b) area of the shaded region in cm2.
[ 6 marks ]

Answer :

(a)

(b)
2. In diagram 2, ABCD is a rectangle.

A 21 cm B

14 cm

D FIGURE 4 E C

CF is an arc of a circle with center E where E is a point on the line DC with EC


22
= 7 cm. Using   , calculate
7
(a) the length, in cm, of arc CF

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region


[ 6 marks ]

Answer :

(a)

(b)
3. Diagram 3 shows two sectors OPQR and OJKL.
OPQR and OJKL are three quarters of a circle.
POL and JOR are straight lines. OP = 21cm and OJ= 7 cm.

J Q

P L
O
K

R
DIAGRAM 3
22
Using   , calculate
7
(a) the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram,
(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

[6 marks]
Answer:

(a)

(b)
4. In Diagram 4, JK and PQ are arcs of two circles with centre O.
OQRT is a square.
K

Q R
J

P
O
T
210

DIAGRAM 4

OT = 14 cm and P is the midpoint of OJ.


22
Using   , calculate
7
(a) the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram,
(b) the area, in cm2 , of the shaded region.
[6 marks]
Answer:

(a)

(b)
5. Diagram 5 shows two sectors OLMN and OPQR with the same centre O.

L N
120
P R

Q
DIAGRAM 5

OL = 14 cm. P is the midpoint of OL.


22
[Use  = ]
7

Calculate

(a) the area of the whole diagram,


(b) the perimeter of the whole diagram.
[6 marks]
Answer:
(a)

(b)
6. In Diagram 6, ABD is an arc of a sector with the centre O and BCD is a
quadrant.
A

OD = OB = 14 cm and  AOB  45 .


22
Using   , calculate O B
7

(a) the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram,

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

[6 marks]

D C

DIAGRAM 6

Answer :

(a)

(b)
7. In Diagram 7, the shaded region represents the part of the flat windscreen of a van
which is being wiped by the windscreen wiper AB. The wiper rotates through an
angle of 210o about the centre O.
Given that OA = 7 cm and AB = 28 cm.

B

A 210o

O A B
DIAGRAM 7
22
Using π = , calculate
7
(a) the length of arc BB ,
(b) the ratio of arc lengths , AA : BB
(c) the area of the shaded region. [7 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)

(c)
8. Diagram 8 shows a quadrant ADO with centre O and a sector BEF with centre B.
OBC is a right angled triangle and D is the midpoint of the straight line OC.
Given OC = OB = BE = 14 cm.

DIAGRAM 8

22
Using  = , calculate
7
(a) the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram,
(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.
. [6 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)
9. In Diagram 9, OPQS is a quadrant with the centre O and OSQR is a semicircle
with the centre S.
Q

R S
60°
T

O P
DIAGRAM 9

22
Given that OP = 14 cm. Using π = , calculate
7

(a) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region,

(b) the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram.

[6 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)
10. In diagram 10, OABC is a sector of a circle with centre O and radius 14 cm.

60
C O
DIAGRAM 10

22
By using   , calculate
7
(a) perimeter, in cm, the shaded area.
(b) area, in cm2, the shaded area.
[7 markah]
Answer :

(a)

(b)
MODULE 3 - ANSWERS
TOPIC: CIRCLE, AREA AND PERIMETER

1
90 22 120 22
(a)  2   12 @  2  7 K1
360 7 360 7
90 22 120 22
 2   12   2   7  12  5
360 7 360 7 K1
57.53
N1

90 22 120 22 2
(b)   12 2 @  7 K1
360 7 360 7

90 22 120 22 1
  12 2    7 2   7  12
360 7 360 7 2 K1
122.48
N1

2
(a) FEC  135 K2
135 22
 2 7
360 7 K1
16.5
N1
135 22
(b) L3   77 K1
360 7
1 
Shaded area  (21  14)    14  14   L3
2  K1
 138.25
N1

3
270 22 90 22
a)   2  21 atau  72 K1
360 7 360 7

270 22 90 22
  2  21 +   7  2 + 14 + 14 K1
360 7 360 7

= 138 N1

270 22 90 22
b)   21  21 atau 2  77 K1
360 7 360 7

270 22 90 22
  21  21 - 2   77 K1
360 7 360 7
= 962.5 cm2 N1

60 22
a)  2   28 K1
360 7

60 22
 2   28  14  14  14  14  28 K1
360 7
1
113 atau 11333 N1
3

60 22 60 22
b)   28  28 atau  14 14 K1
360 7 360 7
60 22 60 22
  28  28   14 14 + 14 × 14 K1
360 7 360 7
504 N1

5
120 22 240 22
a)   14  14 atau  77 K1
360 7 360 7
120 22 240 22
  14  14 +  77 K1
360 7 360 7
308 N1
120 22 240 22
b)  2   14 atau  2 7 K1
360 7 360 7
120 22 240 22
 2   14 +  2 7 + 7 + 7 K1
360 7 360 7
2
72 N1
3
6
(a) 45 22 K1
 2  14
360 7

 45 22  K1
 2  14   14  14  14  14
 360 7 

2 N1
70
3

(b) 45 22 or 90  22  14  14 K1
  14  14
360 7 360 7

 45 22   90 22  K1
   14  14   2 14  14    14  14 
 360 7   360 7 

161 N1
7

210 22
(i)  2   35 K1
360 7
1
128 @ 128.33 N1
3

210 22 210 22
(ii)  2 7 :  2   35 K1
360 7 360 7
1: 5 N1

210 22 210 22 2
(iii)   35 2 or  7 K1
360 7 360 7
210 22 210 22
  35 2    72 K1
360 7 360 7
2156 N1

8
45 22
(a) 2  14 or 14 2  14 2  14 K1
360 7

11 + 14 + 14 + 14 + 5.799 K1
58.80 (2 d. p) N1

90 22 45 22
(b)  7  7 or   14 x 14 K1
360 7 360 7
1 90 22 45 22
 14  14   7  7 +   14  14 K1
2 360 7 360 7

136.5 N1

90 22 60 22
(a) A1 =   14  14 and A2 =  77
360 7 360 7 K1
A1 – A2 K1
1
128 N1
3
90 22 180 22
(b) P1 =  2   14 or P2 = 2 7 K1
360 7 360 7

P1 + P2 + 14 K1
58 N1
10

(a) AB = 14 2  14 2 = 392 = 19.80 K1


150 22 60 22 90 22
 2   14 atau  2   14 atau  2   14 K1
360 7 360 7 360 7
Lengkok AC + 14 + 14 + 19.80 atau
Lengkok AB + lengkok BC + 14 + 14 + 19.80 K1
84.47 N1

150 22 1
(b)   14 2 atau  14  14 K1
360 7 2
150 22 1
  14 2 -  14  14 atau K1
360 7 2
770
– 98
3
2 476
158 atau atau 158.67 N1
3 3