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Global Research & Technology Centre/ GRTC Training Department

CompletionCompletion &&

CompletionCompletion &&

SCOMI OILTOOLS
SCOMI OILTOOLS

ReservoirReservoir

ReservoirReservoir

DrillDrill ––InIn

DrillDrill ––InIn

FluidsFluids

FluidsFluids

SCOMI OILTOOLS ReservoirReservoir ReservoirReservoir DrillDrill ––InIn DrillDrill ––InIn FluidsFluids FluidsFluids

Definition - Completion FluidA Completion Fluid may be defined as any fluid that is used during the completion

A Completion Fluid may be defined as any fluid that is used during the completion operation…after the well has been drilled and before any oil and/or gas has been produced from the formation.

SCOMI OILTOOLScompletion operation…after the well has been drilled and before any oil and/or gas has been produced

the well has been drilled and before any oil and/or gas has been produced from the

Definition - Workover FluidA Workover Fluid may be defined as a fluid that is used during remedial or

A Workover Fluid may be defined as a fluid that is used

during remedial or workover operations after a well has produced oil and/or gas.

It can be the same fluid as the

completion fluid.

SCOMI OILTOOLSor workover operations after a well has produced oil and/or gas. It can be the same

operations after a well has produced oil and/or gas. It can be the same fluid as

Why Use Brines

Why Use Brines MINIMIZE FORMATION DAMAGE!! SCOMI OILTOOLS

MINIMIZE FORMATION DAMAGE!!

SCOMI OILTOOLSWhy Use Brines MINIMIZE FORMATION DAMAGE!!

Why Use Brines MINIMIZE FORMATION DAMAGE!! SCOMI OILTOOLS

Performance Criteria• control formation pressures • circulate and transport solids • protect the productive zone •

control formation pressures

circulate and transport solids

protect the productive zone

stable at surface and downhole

safely handled

environmentally friendly

readily available

cost effective

SCOMI OILTOOLSat surface and downhole • safely handled • environmentally friendly • readily available • cost effective

and downhole • safely handled • environmentally friendly • readily available • cost effective SCOMI OILTOOLS
SCOMI OILTOOLS TYPES OF COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS

SCOMI OILTOOLSTYPES OF COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS

TYPES OF COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS

SCOMI OILTOOLS TYPES OF COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS

COMMON DENSITIESSINGLE SALT SOLUTIONS • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE • POTASSIUM CHLORIDE • SODIUM CHLORIDE • CALCIUM CHLORIDE

SINGLE SALT SOLUTIONS

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE

POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

SODIUM CHLORIDE

CALCIUM CHLORIDE

SODIUM FORMATE

SODIUM BROMIDE

POTASSIUM FORMATE

CALCIUM BROMIDE

ZINC BROMIDE

SCOMI OILTOOLSPOTASSIUM FORMATE • CALCIUM BROMIDE • ZINC BROMIDE 8.4 - 8.9 PPG 8.4 - 9.7 PPG

8.4 - 8.9 PPG 8.4 - 9.7 PPG 8.4 - 10.0 PPG 8.4 - 11.6 PPG 8.4 - 11.1 PPG 8.4 - 12.5 PPG 8.4 - 13.1 PPG 8.4 - 14.2 PPG 19.3 - 21.0 PPG

8.4 - 9.7 PPG 8.4 - 10.0 PPG 8.4 - 11.6 PPG 8.4 - 11.1 PPG

COMMON DENSITIESMULTIPLE SALT SOLUTIONS • NaCl/NaBr • NaHCO 2 /KHCO 2 • CaCl 2 /CaBr 2

MULTIPLE SALT SOLUTIONS

NaCl/NaBr

NaHCO 2 /KHCO 2

CaCl 2 /CaBr 2

CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

SCOMI OILTOOLSCaBr 2 /ZnBr 2 • CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2 10.1 - 12.4 PPG 11.2

10.1 - 12.4 PPG

11.2 - 13.1 PPG

11.7 - 15.1 PPG

19.2 PPG

15.2 - 19.1 PPG

CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2 SCOMI OILTOOLS 10.1 - 12.4 PPG 11.2 - 13.1 PPG

“SPIKE” FLUIDSCALCIUM BASED • 11.6 PPG CaCl 2 • 14.2 PPG CaBr 2 • 15.1 PPG

CALCIUM BASED

11.6 PPG CaCl 2

14.2 PPG CaBr 2

15.1 PPG CaCl 2 /CaBr 2

19.2 PPG CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

SCOMI OILTOOLSBASED • 11.6 PPG CaCl 2 • 14.2 PPG CaBr 2 • 15.1 PPG CaCl 2

11.6 PPG CaCl 2 • 14.2 PPG CaBr 2 • 15.1 PPG CaCl 2 /CaBr 2

“SPIKE” FLUIDSSODIUM BASED • 10.0 PPG NaCl • 12.5 PPG NaBr SCOMI OILTOOLS

SODIUM BASED

10.0 PPG NaCl

12.5 PPG NaBr

SCOMI OILTOOLS“SPIKE” FLUIDS SODIUM BASED • 10.0 PPG NaCl • 12.5 PPG NaBr

“SPIKE” FLUIDS SODIUM BASED • 10.0 PPG NaCl • 12.5 PPG NaBr SCOMI OILTOOLS
SCOMI OILTOOLS COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS PROPERTIES AND TESTING

SCOMI OILTOOLSCOMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS PROPERTIES AND TESTING

COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS PROPERTIES AND TESTING

SCOMI OILTOOLS COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS PROPERTIES AND TESTING

Properties• Density • TCT • pH • Solids Content • Turbidity • Viscosity SCOMI OILTOOLS

Density

TCT

pH

Solids Content

Turbidity

Viscosity

SCOMI OILTOOLS• pH • Solids Content • Turbidity • Viscosity determined by a hydrometer. True Crystallization

determined by a hydrometer.

True Crystallization Temperature.

pH paper is OK

a

meter is better.

determined by centrifuging.

determined by an NTU meter.

Marsh funnel.

Temperature. pH paper is OK a meter is better. determined by centrifuging. determined by an NTU

DensityTo check for brine density use: Hydrometer Note: If you do not know the approximate

To check for brine density use:

Hydrometer

Density To check for brine density use: Hydrometer Note: If you do not know the approximate
Density To check for brine density use: Hydrometer Note: If you do not know the approximate
Density To check for brine density use: Hydrometer Note: If you do not know the approximate

Note: If you do not know the approximate density of the fluid you are weighing…use a mud balance to get you in the ballpark.

SCOMI OILTOOLSIf you do not know the approximate density of the fluid you are weighing…use a mud

know the approximate density of the fluid you are weighing…use a mud balance to get you

DensityCan be adjusted by adding • water • “Spike” Fluids • Dry salts NOTE: adjusting

Can be adjusted by adding

• water

• “Spike” Fluids

• Dry salts

NOTE: adjusting the density usually adjusts the TCT of the fluid…unless the salt concentrations are balanced as a part of the density adjustment.

SCOMI OILTOOLSusually adjusts the TCT of the fluid…unless the salt concentrations are balanced as a part of

the TCT of the fluid…unless the salt concentrations are balanced as a part of the density

Crystallization Temperature• Each salt has a maximum solubility in water before it will precipitate out of

Each salt has a maximum solubility in water before it will precipitate out of solution. This maximum solubility is a function of the temperature of the water.

The crystallization temperature of the a brine is defined as the temperature at which a solid will form and precipitate out of solution.

Operations utilizing completion fluids must account for the crystallization temperature by recognizing the coolest temperature to which the bulk of the brine will be exposed for any significant period of time.

SCOMI OILTOOLSby recognizing the coolest temperature to which the bulk of the brine will be exposed for

the coolest temperature to which the bulk of the brine will be exposed for any significant

Crystallization TemperatureFor example: • A completion fluid standing static in the riser of a deepwater well

For example:

A completion fluid standing static in the riser of a deepwater well may reach the thermal equilibrium with the water at the sea floor or mud line. This situation must be taken into account to avoid crystallized fluid in the riser even though the surface conditions may be sunny and warm and the BHT is high.

SCOMI OILTOOLSto avoid crystallized fluid in the riser even though the surface conditions may be sunny and

fluid in the riser even though the surface conditions may be sunny and warm and the
fluid in the riser even though the surface conditions may be sunny and warm and the

SolidsSolids ContentContentSolids Content Determined by Centrifuging SCOMI OILTOOLS

Solids Content

Determined by

Centrifuging

SCOMI OILTOOLSSolidsSolids ContentContent Solids Content Determined by Centrifuging

SolidsSolids ContentContent Solids Content Determined by Centrifuging SCOMI OILTOOLS
SolidsSolids ContentContent Solids Content Determined by Centrifuging SCOMI OILTOOLS

pH• Salt Typical pH • 11.6 ppg Calcium Chloride 6.5 to 7.5 • 14.2 ppg

Salt

Typical pH

11.6 ppg Calcium Chloride

6.5 to 7.5

14.2 ppg Calcium Bromide

6.5 to 7.5

15.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2

6.0 to 7.0

16.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

4.5 to 5.0

SCOMI OILTOOLS7.5 • 15.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 6.0 to 7.0 • 16.0 ppg CaCl 2

ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 6.0 to 7.0 • 16.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr

pH• Salt Typical pH • 17.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2 3.5 to

Salt

Typical pH

17.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

3.5 to 4.0

18.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

2.5 to 3.0

19.0 ppg CaCl 2 /CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

1.5 to 2.0

19.2 ppg

CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2

<1.5

The more Zinc Bromide that you have in a fluid, the lower the pH will be.

SCOMI OILTOOLS• 19.2 ppg CaBr 2 /ZnBr 2 <1.5 • The more Zinc Bromide that you have

2 /ZnBr 2 <1.5 • The more Zinc Bromide that you have in a fluid, the

Turbidity• Turbidity is a function of the cleanliness of the fluid. If the fluid contains

Turbidity is a function of the cleanliness of the fluid. If the fluid contains drilling mud solids, undissolved salt, pipe scale, air etc., the turbidity will be high.

The NTU value is lowered by cleaning the fluid. This is accomplished by allowing the solids to settle out or float, filtering the fluid through cartridges, through a DE filter press, or all of the above.

SCOMI OILTOOLSsolids to settle out or float, filtering the fluid through cartridges, through a DE filter press,

out or float, filtering the fluid through cartridges, through a DE filter press, or all of

Turbidity Meter (NTU Readings)Calibration Sample SCOMI OILTOOLS NTU Meter Sample Bottle

Calibration

Sample

SCOMI OILTOOLSTurbidity Meter (NTU Readings) Calibration Sample NTU Meter Sample Bottle

NTU Meter Sample Bottle
NTU
Meter
Sample Bottle

Density ControlINCREASE THE DENSITY OF A SINGLE SALT FLUID Salt Required (lbs) = Vo W o

INCREASE THE DENSITY OF A SINGLE SALT FLUID

Salt Required (lbs)

= Vo

W o S f --------- - S o W f
W o S f
---------
-
S o
W
f

Final Volume (bbl)

V o W o = -------------

W f

Do = density of original, ppg

Df = density of final, ppg

Wo = water of original, bbl/bbl brine

Wf = water of final, bbl/bbl brine

So = salt of original, lb

Sf = salt of final, lb

Vo = original volume of brine, bbl

Vf = Final volume of brine, bbl

SCOMI OILTOOLSof original, lb • Sf = salt of final, lb • Vo = original volume of

lb • Sf = salt of final, lb • Vo = original volume of brine, bbl

Density Control• INCREASE DENSITY OF A TWO SALT FLUID WITH DRY CALCIUM BROMIDE.   C o

INCREASE DENSITY OF A TWO SALT FLUID WITH DRY CALCIUM BROMIDE.

 
  C o W f  

C

o W f

 

Wa = Water added

= Vo

---------

- W o

 

C

f

 
  C o B f

C

o B f

Ba = Bromide Salt added = Vo

--------- - B o

 

C

f

Vf = Final Volume

V o C o

= ---------

C f

SCOMI OILTOOLSBa = Bromide Salt added = Vo --------- - B o   C f Vf =

added = Vo --------- - B o   C f Vf = Final Volume V o

Buy-Back• The typical “Buyback” for completion fluids with a density above 11.6 ppg is 80%

• The typical “Buyback” for completion fluids with a density above 11.6 ppg is 80% of the selling price, less the cost of reclamation.

• A fluid that sold for $125.00/bbl initially and had a reclamation cost of $7.00/bbl would have an ending value of $93.00/bbl. We would give the customer credit for $93.00/bbl of reclaimed fluid.

SCOMI OILTOOLS$7.00/bbl would have an ending value of $93.00/bbl. We would give the customer credit for $93.00/bbl

have an ending value of $93.00/bbl. We would give the customer credit for $93.00/bbl of reclaimed

Mass Balance• Fluids are said to be “Mass Balanced” when two or more fluids are blended

• Fluids are said to be “Mass Balanced” when two or more fluids are blended together and the combined volume and combined density becomes the new volume and density.

• TCT’s are not a function of Mass Balancing.

SCOMI OILTOOLScombined volume and combined density becomes the new volume and density. • TCT’s are not a

and combined density becomes the new volume and density. • TCT’s are not a function of

Salt TableSCOMI OILTOOLS

Salt Table SCOMI OILTOOLS

SCOMI OILTOOLSSalt Table

Salt Table SCOMI OILTOOLS

Mass Balance – The Easy Way• HEAVY FLUID 15.1 2.1 0.5 • DESIRED FLUID 13.0 • LIGHT FLUID 12.5  

• HEAVY FLUID

• HEAVY FLUID 15.1 2.1 0.5

15.1

2.1 0.5
2.1
0.5

• DESIRED FLUID

13.0

• LIGHT FLUID

12.5

 

2.6

2.6

13.0 • LIGHT FLUID 12.5   2.6 2.6 0.5/2.6 = .192 2.1/2.6 = .808 EXAMPLE: RAISE

0.5/2.6 = .192

2.1/2.6 = .808

EXAMPLE:

RAISE DENSITY OF 12.5 PPG FLUID TO 13.0 PPG, USING 15.1 PPG SPIKE FLUID. FINISH WITH 600 BARRELS OF VOLUME

DIVIDE DIFFERENCES BY TOTAL DIFFERENCE AND INVERT THE VALUES. THE FRACTION OF 15.1 PPG IS .192 BBLS AND THE FRACTION 0F 12.5 PPG IS .808 BBLS. MULTIPLY THE FRACTION TIMES THE DESIRED VOLUME TO FIND THE AMOUNT OF EACH FLUID.

SCOMI OILTOOLSTHE FRACTION 0F 12.5 PPG IS .808 BBLS. MULTIPLY THE FRACTION TIMES THE DESIRED VOLUME TO

0F 12.5 PPG IS .808 BBLS. MULTIPLY THE FRACTION TIMES THE DESIRED VOLUME TO FIND THE

Typical Wellsite Filtration System SetupSCOMI OILTOOLS

Typical Wellsite Filtration System Setup SCOMI OILTOOLS

SCOMI OILTOOLSTypical Wellsite Filtration System Setup

Typical Wellsite Filtration System Setup SCOMI OILTOOLS
Typical Wellsite Filtration System Setup SCOMI OILTOOLS

Filtration UnitSCOMI OILTOOLS

Filtration Unit SCOMI OILTOOLS

SCOMI OILTOOLSFiltration Unit

Filtration Unit SCOMI OILTOOLS

DisplacementDisplacement && WellboreWellbore CleanClean--UpUp

SCOMI OILTOOLSDisplacementDisplacement && WellboreWellbore CleanClean--UpUp

DisplacementDisplacement && WellboreWellbore CleanClean--UpUp SCOMI OILTOOLS

Displacement Method

Drilling mud Displacement spacers Forward Reverse Indirect
Drilling mud
Displacement
spacers
Forward
Reverse
Indirect

SCOMI OILTOOLSDisplacement Method Drilling mud Displacement spacers Forward Reverse Indirect Displace with water

Displace with

water

Displacement Method Drilling mud Displacement spacers Forward Reverse Indirect SCOMI OILTOOLS Displace with water

WELL CLEAN-UP DESIGNSuggested Standard Procedure. It would be good practice to follow the program of clean-up pills

Suggested Standard Procedure.

It would be good practice to follow the program of clean-up pills as listed below, if the rig pit system allows:

A Viscosified Surfactant Spacer.

This is designed to act as a piston displacing the existing wellbore fluid efficiently out of the hole. It is best pumped in laminar flow to push the wellbore fluid up the annulus. A Yield Point of 40 – 50 lbs/100 ft2 is recommended.

A Solvent Wash.

This is used to dissolve any mud residue, pipe dope or minor scale on metal surfaces. This non-viscosified pill is best pumped in turbulent flow.

A Surfactant Spacer.

This pill is NOT viscosified to ensure turbulent flow and is designed to prevent channeling and lift residual solids from the hole.

SCOMI OILTOOLSis NOT viscosified to ensure turbulent flow and is designed to prevent channeling and lift residual

to ensure turbulent flow and is designed to prevent channeling and lift residual solids from the

DISPLACEMENT & HYDRAULICS SOFTWARESCOMI OILTOOLS

DISPLACEMENT & HYDRAULICS SOFTWARE SCOMI OILTOOLS

SCOMI OILTOOLSDISPLACEMENT & HYDRAULICS SOFTWARE

DISPLACEMENT & HYDRAULICS SOFTWARE SCOMI OILTOOLS
Hydraulics Software SCOMI OILTOOLS
Hydraulics Software
SCOMI OILTOOLS

Clean-Up Tool• Scrapers • Brushes • Magnets • Debris Management Tools • Jetting Subs • Circulating

Clean-Up Tool • Scrapers • Brushes • Magnets • Debris Management Tools • Jetting Subs •

Scrapers

Brushes

Magnets

Debris Management Tools

Jetting Subs

Circulating Tools

Pipe Rotation

SCOMI OILTOOLS• Brushes • Magnets • Debris Management Tools • Jetting Subs • Circulating Tools • Pipe

Xanthan vs. HEC• Xanthan has superior suspension and transport properties • Xanthan slips at the wall, HEC

Xanthan has superior suspension and transport properties

Xanthan slips at the wall, HEC grabs

Xanthan used in brine < 10.5 lb/gal CaCl 2 HEC used in all brines and densities

XC and HEC can be used in combination in up to 11.4 lb/gal CaCl 2 brine

SCOMI OILTOOLS2 HEC used in all brines and densities • XC and HEC can be used in

all brines and densities • XC and HEC can be used in combination in up to

Suspension in HEC and XC

XANTHAN-GUM HEC 2 lbs/bbl 4 lbs/bbl
XANTHAN-GUM
HEC
2 lbs/bbl
4 lbs/bbl

SCOMI OILTOOLSSuspension in HEC and XC XANTHAN-GUM HEC 2 lbs/bbl 4 lbs/bbl

Suspension in HEC and XC XANTHAN-GUM HEC 2 lbs/bbl 4 lbs/bbl SCOMI OILTOOLS

Velocity ProfilesHEC Xanthan Slip area Area of high friction drag SCOMI OILTOOLS

HEC

Xanthan

Slip area Area of high friction drag
Slip area
Area of high
friction drag

SCOMI OILTOOLSVelocity Profiles HEC Xanthan Slip area Area of high friction drag

Velocity Profiles HEC Xanthan Slip area Area of high friction drag SCOMI OILTOOLS

Cleaning Spacer Design11.6 ppg 3% Safe Solv OM 5% Safe Surf O 0% Contamination and 13.2ppg Nova

11.6 ppg 3% Safe Solv OM 5% Safe Surf O 0% Contamination and 13.2ppg Nova
11.6 ppg 3% Safe Solv OM 5% Safe Surf O 0% Contamination and 13.2ppg Nova Plus @100rpm/ 42fpm
Clean Dry Sleeve
Sleeve Coated with 13.2 ppg SBM
After 3 Minutes Rating 2

After 5 Minutes Rating 2

SCOMI OILTOOLSwith 13.2 ppg SBM After 3 Minutes Rating 2 After 5 Minutes Rating 2 After 8

After 8 Minutes Rating 1

After 10 Minutes Rating 1

SBM After 3 Minutes Rating 2 After 5 Minutes Rating 2 SCOMI OILTOOLS After 8 Minutes

Displacement EvaluationSCOMI OILTOOLS

Displacement Evaluation SCOMI OILTOOLS

SCOMI OILTOOLSDisplacement Evaluation

Displacement Evaluation SCOMI OILTOOLS
WELL CLEAN-UP DESIGN  

WELL CLEAN-UP DESIGN

 

Casing Clean-Up

 

XXX

Well name : Angsi C-11

 

Well Geometry :

 
 

9 5/8" Csg Shoe 9 5/8" Csg ID

3797

m

9 5/8" section Length

 

3797 m

DP in 9 5/8" csg 5.5" DP ID

 

5.5 in

 

8.681

in

4.778 in

7" Casing Shoe 7" Csg ID

6527

m

7" section length

 

2730 m

DP in 7" csg 3.5" DP ID

 

3.5 in

 

6.366

in

2.6 in

 

Pill

Volume

Product Concentration (ppb, % v/v)

 

Contact Length ( m )

Contact Time (min)

Flow Regime

   

Type

( bbl )

Product Usage

9-5/8"

7"

9-5/8"

7"

9-5/8"

 

7"

Flow Rate

(sack, drum)

   
     

Casing

Casing

Casing

Casing

Casing

Casing

(gpm)

( bpm )

Surfactant Pill

80

Flowzan 2ppb

Flowzan

 

3

556

888

10

10

Laminar

Turbulent

336

8

(viscosified)

RinseAid 30%

Rinse Aid

14

 

120

Super Pickle

                 

8

 

Solvent Pill

50%

Super Pickle

 

31

835

1332

15

15

Turbulent

Turbulent

336

Surfactant Pill

80

RinseAid 30%

Rinse Aid

 

14

556

888

10

10

Turbulent

Turbulent

336

8

Sea water

> 1127

                   

> 8

Brine (filtered)

1127

Brine

                 

> 8

SCOMI OILTOOLS    

SCOMI OILTOOLS

 
SCOMI OILTOOLS    
 
 

CLEAN-UP DESIGN

 
     

9 5/8" Annulus

   

7" Annulus

     

FLOWRATE

Visc.

Solvent

Un. Visc.

Visc.

Solvent

Un. Visc.

REMARKS

 

bpm

gpm

Surfactant

Surfactant

Surfactant

Surfactant

 

3.7

157

Lam.

Lam.

 

Lam.

Lam.

 

Lam.

Lam.

 

6

255

Lam.

Lam.

 

Lam.

Lam.

 

Turb.

Turb.

8

336

Lam.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Lam.

 

Turb.

Turb.

RECOMMENDED

10

420

Lam.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Lam.

 

Turb.

Turb.

 

12

504

Lam.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Turb.

14

588

Lam.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Turb.

20.3

854

Turb.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Turb.

 

Turb.

Turb.

SCOMI OILTOOLS  

SCOMI OILTOOLS

 
SCOMI OILTOOLS  

NTU vs TIME CHARTNTU vs Time 90 Unfiltered Seawater out Displace to 8.9 ppg Filtered NaCl + 3%

NTU vs Time

90 Unfiltered Seawater out Displace to 8.9 ppg Filtered NaCl + 3% KCl Brine Filtered
90
Unfiltered
Seawater out
Displace to 8.9 ppg Filtered
NaCl + 3% KCl Brine
Filtered NaCl + 3%
KCl Brine at surface
60
30
0
0:30
1:00
1:30
2:00
2:30
3:00
3:30
4:00
4:30
5:00
5:30
6:00
NTU

Time (24 hrs)

SCOMI OILTOOLSBrine at surface 60 30 0 0:30 1:00 1:30 2:00 2:30 3:00 3:30 4:00 4:30 5:00

60 30 0 0:30 1:00 1:30 2:00 2:30 3:00 3:30 4:00 4:30 5:00 5:30 6:00 NTU

NTU vs CIRC. CYCLE - CHARTNTU NTU vs Number of Surface to Surface 90 Unfiltered Seawater out Displace to 8.9

NTU

NTU vs Number of Surface to Surface 90 Unfiltered Seawater out Displace to 8.9 ppg
NTU vs Number of Surface to Surface
90
Unfiltered
Seawater out
Displace to 8.9 ppg Filtered
NaCl + 3% KCl Brine
Filtered NaCl + 3%
KCl Brine at surface
60
30
0
1.25
1.75
2.25
2.75
3.25
3.75

Number of Surface to Surface

SCOMI OILTOOLSFiltered NaCl + 3% KCl Brine at surface 60 30 0 1.25 1.75 2.25 2.75 3.25

+ 3% KCl Brine at surface 60 30 0 1.25 1.75 2.25 2.75 3.25 3.75 Number

ReservoirReservoir DrillDrill--InIn FLuidsFLuids

SCOMI OILTOOLSReservoirReservoir DrillDrill--InIn FLuidsFLuids

ReservoirReservoir DrillDrill--InIn FLuidsFLuids SCOMI OILTOOLS

TheThe DifferenceDifference● Typically used to drill only the producing formation ● Non-damaging ● Low solids ●

Typically used to drill only the producing formation

Non-damaging

Low solids

Does not contain clay (gel) and/or dispersants

Compatible with formation

Additives are soluble in typical chemical treatments e.g. acid, enzymes, chelants, oxidizers

Inhibitive to formation clays

Compatible with the completion

SCOMI OILTOOLStreatments e.g. acid, enzymes, chelants, oxidizers ● Inhibitive to formation clays ● Compatible with the completion

acid, enzymes, chelants, oxidizers ● Inhibitive to formation clays ● Compatible with the completion SCOMI OILTOOLS

TheThe DifferenceDifferenceProperty Drilling Mud RDIF Density Barite Base fluid Bio-polymer Starch Calcium carbonate, Sized salt

Property

Drilling Mud

RDIF

Density

Barite

Base fluid Bio-polymer Starch Calcium carbonate, Sized salt

Viscosity

Gel

Fluid Loss

gel/polymer

Bridging

Barite

SCOMI OILTOOLSBio-polymer Starch Calcium carbonate, Sized salt Viscosity Gel Fluid Loss gel/polymer Bridging Barite

Calcium carbonate, Sized salt Viscosity Gel Fluid Loss gel/polymer Bridging Barite SCOMI OILTOOLS

WhyWhy useuse ReservoirReservoir DrillDrill--InIn Fluids?Fluids?To maximize production by minimizing damage to the formation and completion assembly! SCOMI OILTOOLS

To maximize production by minimizing damage to the formation and completion assembly!

SCOMI OILTOOLSDrillDrill--InIn Fluids?Fluids? To maximize production by minimizing damage to the formation and completion assembly!

Fluids?Fluids? To maximize production by minimizing damage to the formation and completion assembly! SCOMI OILTOOLS

HowHow dodo wewe damagedamage thethe formationformation and/orand/or CompletionCompletion Assembly?Assembly?SolidsSolids PluggingPlugging ● filtrate invasion / solids contamination ● fines migration ● Inadequate

SolidsSolids PluggingPlugging

filtrate invasion / solids contamination

fines migration

Inadequate displacement

ChemicalChemical IncompatibilityIncompatibility

clay / shale swelling

inducing fines migration

fluid-fluid interactions emulsions, precipitation (scaling)

wettability reversal

SCOMI OILTOOLSinducing fines migration ● fluid-fluid interactions ● emulsions, precipitation (scaling) ● wettability reversal

migration ● fluid-fluid interactions ● emulsions, precipitation (scaling) ● wettability reversal SCOMI OILTOOLS
Reservoir Drilling Fluid Design Criteria Drilling Issues Density for Well Control / Wellbore Stability Rheology
Reservoir Drilling Fluid Design Criteria
Drilling Issues
Density for Well Control / Wellbore Stability
Rheology for Hole Cleaning & Suspension
Minimum ECD
Lubricity
Low Fluid Loss
Formation Inhibition
Environmental restrictions
Thermal Stability
Contaminant Stability
Availability
SCOMI OILTOOLS

Reservoir Drilling Fluid Design CriteriaCompletion Issues Type of completion planned e.g. open hole, cased hole, screen completion, gravel pack

Completion Issues

Type of completion planned e.g. open hole, cased hole, screen completion, gravel pack etc.

Efficient removal of RDF residues/filter cake

Clean-up without treatment? (flowback)

Chemical breakers

Displacement to completion fluid

Compatible with procedures and equipment Completion tool restrictions

SCOMI OILTOOLSbreakers ● Displacement to completion fluid Compatible with procedures and equipment ● Completion tool restrictions

to completion fluid Compatible with procedures and equipment ● Completion tool restrictions SCOMI OILTOOLS

Reservoir Drilling Fluid Design CriteriaReservoir Issues ● Compatibility with formations drilled ● Fluid Compatibility ● Expected Fluid Production (Type

Reservoir Issues

Compatibility with formations drilled

Fluid Compatibility

Expected Fluid Production (Type & Volume)

Pore Size

Pore Interconnectivity

SCOMI OILTOOLS● Fluid Compatibility ● Expected Fluid Production (Type & Volume) ● Pore Size ● Pore Interconnectivity

Compatibility ● Expected Fluid Production (Type & Volume) ● Pore Size ● Pore Interconnectivity SCOMI OILTOOLS

Reservoir Drilling Fluid Design Criteria1) Typically used to drill only the producing formation 2) Engineered to maintain drill solids

1) Typically used to drill only the producing formation 2) Engineered to maintain drill solids below target 3) Relatively low amount of Bridging Solids 4) Typically does not contain inert solids or gel 5) Bridging solids are acid/chelant soluble 6) Inhibitive to formation Clays 7) Compatible with Formation Fluids 8) Compatible with the completion screens 9) Compatible with Sand Control Screen

SCOMI OILTOOLSClays 7) Compatible with Formation Fluids 8) Compatible with the completion screens 9) Compatible with Sand

with Formation Fluids 8) Compatible with the completion screens 9) Compatible with Sand Control Screen SCOMI

ViscosifiersViscosifiers● High yielding xanthan gum or biopolymer ● Clarified / Dispersible ● Provides LSRV ●

High yielding xanthan gum or biopolymer

Clarified / Dispersible

Provides LSRV

High thermal stability.

Not affected by acids/alkalis over a wide pH range (2.5 to 10)

Usually 0.75 ppb to 2.0 ppb

SCOMI OILTOOLSHigh thermal stability. ● Not affected by acids/alkalis over a wide pH range (2.5 to 10)

stability. ● Not affected by acids/alkalis over a wide pH range (2.5 to 10) Usually 0.75

FluidFluid LossLoss ControlControl AgentsAgents● Hydroxypropyl, X-linked, starch ● High Thermal Stability ● Synergy with xanthan and scleroglucan Usually

Hydroxypropyl, X-linked, starch

High Thermal Stability

Synergy with xanthan and scleroglucan

Usually 4 ppb to 7.5 ppb

SCOMI OILTOOLSX-linked, starch ● High Thermal Stability ● Synergy with xanthan and scleroglucan Usually 4 ppb to

starch ● High Thermal Stability ● Synergy with xanthan and scleroglucan Usually 4 ppb to 7.5

Pre-PlanningSCOMI OILTOOLS RDF Questionnaire - location, BHT, BHP, wellbore geometry, etc Mineralogical Information - permeability,

Pre-Planning SCOMI OILTOOLS RDF Questionnaire - location, BHT, BHP, wellbore geometry, etc Mineralogical Information -
Pre-Planning SCOMI OILTOOLS RDF Questionnaire - location, BHT, BHP, wellbore geometry, etc Mineralogical Information -

SCOMI OILTOOLSPre-Planning RDF Questionnaire - location, BHT, BHP, wellbore geometry, etc Mineralogical Information - permeability,

RDF Questionnaire - location, BHT, BHP, wellbore geometry, etc

Mineralogical Information - permeability, porosity, clay content, etc

Completion Information - completion assembly type, tools, etc

Rig Information - solids control availability, volumes, etc

Interview Engineers - determine primary objective and concerns,etc

- solids control availability, volumes, etc Interview Engineers - determine primary objective and concerns,etc

RequiredRequired InformationInformation● Completed Questionnaire ● Well Diagram ● Completion Design ● Core sample or formation data

Completed Questionnaire

Well Diagram

Completion Design

Core sample or formation data e.g. thin section, core flood results, XRD

Established metrics/objectives

SCOMI OILTOOLSDesign ● Core sample or formation data e.g. thin section, core flood results, XRD ● Established

sample or formation data e.g. thin section, core flood results, XRD ● Established metrics/objectives SCOMI OILTOOLS

Fluid OptimizationSCOMI OILTOOLS ● Test and Evaluate Properties - Fluid Loss (modified HTHP or PPA), Rheological

Fluid Optimization SCOMI OILTOOLS ● Test and Evaluate Properties - Fluid Loss (modified HTHP or PPA),

SCOMI OILTOOLSFluid Optimization ● Test and Evaluate Properties - Fluid Loss (modified HTHP or PPA), Rheological Profile

Test and Evaluate Properties - Fluid Loss (modified HTHP or PPA), Rheological Profile (LSRV), Hot Roll & Static Age, Swellmeter, Shale Dispersion test, Emulsion Tests, etc.

Test a variety of products and compositions.

Use SOFTWARE for determining blend of bridging particles.

Use Brookfield Rheometer to determine optimum LSRV

● Use SOFTWARE for determining blend of bridging particles. ● Use Brookfield Rheometer to determine optimum

RDFRDF LabLab TestsTests● Density ● Static age and hot roll ● Viscosity Profile ● Fluid loss data

Density

Static age and hot roll

Viscosity Profile

Fluid loss data (dynamic and static), PPT/HTHP

Compatibility tests

Cleanup treatment

Compatibility with Completion assembly

Return permeability

SCOMI OILTOOLS● Compatibility tests ● Cleanup treatment ● Compatibility with Completion assembly ● Return permeability

tests ● Cleanup treatment ● Compatibility with Completion assembly ● Return permeability SCOMI OILTOOLS

RDFRDF SystemsSystems• The primary mechanism for minimizing the invasion of solids/liquids on all RDF systems is

• The primary mechanism for minimizing the invasion of solids/liquids on all RDF systems is creating a thin, impermeable filter cake.

minimizing the invasion of solids/liquids on all RDF systems is creating a thin, impermeable filter cake.

SCOMI OILTOOLSmechanism for minimizing the invasion of solids/liquids on all RDF systems is creating a thin, impermeable

minimizing the invasion of solids/liquids on all RDF systems is creating a thin, impermeable filter cake.

Bridging Agents Objectives• Thinner filter cake • Reduced chance of wellbore problems • Minimize invasion of solids

Thinner filter cake

Reduced chance of wellbore problems

Minimize invasion of solids and fluid

Less formation damage

More efficient cleanup

Better productivity

SCOMI OILTOOLS• Minimize invasion of solids and fluid • Less formation damage • More efficient cleanup •

of solids and fluid • Less formation damage • More efficient cleanup • Better productivity SCOMI
of solids and fluid • Less formation damage • More efficient cleanup • Better productivity SCOMI

Bridging Theories - ChoosingChoosing PSDPSDA b r a h m ’ s r u l e • “The median

Abrahms rule “The median particle size of the bridging material should be equal to or slightly greater than 1/3 the median pore size of the formation.”

greater than 1/3 the median pore size of the formation.” • The concentration of bridging particles

The concentration of bridging particles must be at least 5% by volume of these solids in the fluid

SCOMI OILTOOLSthe formation.” • The concentration of bridging particles must be at least 5% by volume of

• The concentration of bridging particles must be at least 5% by volume of these solids

Ideal Packing Theory● “ Ideal packing occurs when the percent of cumulative volume versus the D 1

Ideal packing occurs when the percent of cumulative volume versus the D 1/2 forms a straight line relationship” - SPE

58793

Provides the optimum PSD for bridging the opening created by the bridging solids

In un-weighted fluids 2-3% by volume is sufficient to form an optimum seal

In weighted fluids or high solids laden fluids the guidelines are more flexible

SCOMI OILTOOLSis sufficient to form an optimum seal ● In weighted fluids or high solids laden fluids

form an optimum seal ● In weighted fluids or high solids laden fluids the guidelines are

Pore Opening SizeAbrahm’s rule SCOMI OILTOOLS D 1/2 133 microns

Abrahm’s rule

Pore Opening Size Abrahm’s rule SCOMI OILTOOLS D 1/2 133 microns

SCOMI OILTOOLSPore Opening Size Abrahm’s rule D 1/2 133 microns

D 1/2
D 1/2

133 microns

Pore Opening Size Abrahm’s rule SCOMI OILTOOLS D 1/2 133 microns

Particle Size Distribution/PSDClosest Mixture Utilizing CaCO3 for a 133 Micron Opening 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50%

Closest Mixture Utilizing CaCO3 for a 133 Micron Opening 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50%
Closest Mixture Utilizing CaCO3 for a 133 Micron Opening
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
Target
Line
40%
CaCO,
2
30%
CaCO3 10
CaCO3 40
20%
CaCO3 250
10%
Closest Mix W/CaCO3
0%
0
5
10
15
20
25
Square Root (Microns) D 1/2
SCOMI OILTOOLS
Cumlutive % Below

Scomi SoftwareHyPR-BRIDGE SCOMI OILTOOLS

HyPR-BRIDGE
HyPR-BRIDGE

SCOMI OILTOOLSScomi Software HyPR-BRIDGE

Scomi Software HyPR-BRIDGE SCOMI OILTOOLS

RDF Design ToolsSCOMI OILTOOLS

RDF Design Tools SCOMI OILTOOLS

SCOMI OILTOOLSRDF Design Tools

HIGH PRESSURE , HIGH TEMPERATURE - RETURN PERMEABILITY APPRATUS

ISCO PUMP
ISCO PUMP
Mud Coils OVEN Drill-In Piston Fluid Hassler Cell +- Validyne Delta Pressure C Viscosity Coil
Mud Coils
OVEN
Drill-In
Piston
Fluid
Hassler Cell
+-
Validyne
Delta Pressure
C
Viscosity Coil
+-
Transducers
O
+-
BPR
R
Humidifier
Piston
E
BPR
BPR
PR
ISCO
OVERBURDEN PUMP

Brine Coils

Return Gas

Cylinders

SCOMI OILTOOLSTransducers O +- BPR R Humidifier Piston E BPR BPR PR ISCO OVERBURDEN PUMP Brine Coils

O +- BPR R Humidifier Piston E BPR BPR PR ISCO OVERBURDEN PUMP Brine Coils Return

Cleanup DesignFORM ATION EVALUATION COMPLETIO N SIMULATOR Completion BPR Screen Pressure Transducers S creen G ate

FORM ATION EVALUATION COMPLETIO N SIMULATOR Completion BPR Screen Pressure Transducers S creen G ate
FORM ATION EVALUATION
COMPLETIO N SIMULATOR
Completion
BPR
Screen
Pressure
Transducers
S
creen G ate
F luid C hamber
BP
R
ISC O
C
ore S ample
CO NTINO US F LO W
P
UMP
O VERBURDEN PUM P
S
HAS TELLOY
D
C
T
TR AN SFER VES SELS
R
O
E
W
I
M
M
A
L
P
U
L
S
L
L
T
I
E
A
N
T
E
T
G
I
I
O
O
N
N
BPR
Air
Driven C ylinder
HY
DR AULIC DISPLA CEM ENT
C
YLIND ER
Air-D riven
Pump
Before After
Before
After

SCOMI OILTOOLSDISPLA CEM ENT C YLIND ER Air-D riven Pump Before After Test to determine Return Permeability

Test to determine Return

Permeability - Return

Permeameter, modified HTHP or

PPA, Production Screen Tester,

etc. Test various methods of cleanup including flow back only, single step or two step chemical cleanup treatments using acids, enzymes and/or oxidizers.

including flow back only, single step or two step chemical cleanup treatments using acids, enzymes and/or

Chemical BreakersF i l t e r C a k e SCOMI OILTOOLS Oxidizer: Spotty Breaks

Chemical Breakers F i l t e r C a k e SCOMI OILTOOLS Oxidizer: Spotty

Filter Cake

SCOMI OILTOOLSChemical Breakers F i l t e r C a k e Oxidizer: Spotty Breaks in

Oxidizer: Spotty Breaks in Cake

Acid:

“Wormholes”

Enzyme/Chelant: Cake Removal

l t e r C a k e SCOMI OILTOOLS Oxidizer: Spotty Breaks in Cake Acid:

Common BreakersOxidizers • Lithium Hypochlorite • Sodium Hypochlorite • Calcium Hypochlorite • Internal Breakers SCOMI

Oxidizers

Lithium Hypochlorite

Sodium Hypochlorite

Calcium Hypochlorite

Internal Breakers

SCOMI OILTOOLSSodium Hypochlorite • Calcium Hypochlorite • Internal Breakers Enzymes • Starch specific • Cellulose specific

Enzymes

Starch specific

Cellulose specific

• Calcium Hypochlorite • Internal Breakers SCOMI OILTOOLS Enzymes • Starch specific • Cellulose specific

Breaker Options• Single • Multi • Acid • Oxidizer/Acid • Oxidizer • Acid/Acid • Enzyme(s) •

Single

Multi

Acid

Oxidizer/Acid

Oxidizer

Acid/Acid

Enzyme(s)

Enzyme/Chelant

No Clean-up

SCOMI OILTOOLS• Acid • Oxidizer/Acid • Oxidizer • Acid/Acid • Enzyme(s) • Enzyme/Chelant • No Clean-up

• Oxidizer/Acid • Oxidizer • Acid/Acid • Enzyme(s) • Enzyme/Chelant • No Clean-up SCOMI OILTOOLS

Chemical Cleanup OptionsChemical Options Acids – Attack polymers above 120 o F and calcium carbonate in WB,

Chemical Options Acids – Attack polymers above 120 o F and calcium carbonate in WB, water wet reversible invert emulsion fluid

Oxidizers – Attack polymers above 80 o F in WB fluids

Enzymes – Attack specific polymers above 40 o F (usually starch) in WB fluids

Chelants – Dissolve calcium carbonate in WB fluids. Performance may be enhanced with enzymes or oxidizers

No Treatment – Flowback through completion assembly

SCOMI OILTOOLSin WB fluids. Performance may be enhanced with enzymes or oxidizers No Treatment – Flowback through

may be enhanced with enzymes or oxidizers No Treatment – Flowback through completion assembly SCOMI OILTOOLS

Breaker SelectionFactors that effect Breaker Selection • BHT • Length of open hole • Fluid Density

Factors that effect Breaker Selection

BHT

Length of open hole

Fluid Density

RDF formulation

Completion assembly

Condition of RDF

Completion design

WhatWhat toto use,use, whenwhen toto useuse itit && howhow dodo youyou getget itit there?there?

SCOMI OILTOOLSCompletion design WhatWhat toto use,use, whenwhen toto useuse itit && howhow dodo youyou getget itit there?there?

WhatWhat toto use,use, whenwhen toto useuse itit && howhow dodo youyou getget itit there?there? SCOMI OILTOOLS

Field Testing and EvaluationSCOMI OILTOOLS Monitor fluid properties with : • Modified HTHP or PPA • Production Screen

Field Testing and Evaluation SCOMI OILTOOLS Monitor fluid properties with : • Modified HTHP or PPA
Field Testing and Evaluation SCOMI OILTOOLS Monitor fluid properties with : • Modified HTHP or PPA
Field Testing and Evaluation SCOMI OILTOOLS Monitor fluid properties with : • Modified HTHP or PPA

SCOMI OILTOOLSField Testing and Evaluation Monitor fluid properties with : • Modified HTHP or PPA • Production

Monitor fluid properties with :

Modified HTHP or PPA

Production Screen Tester

Brookfield Rheometer

Solids Determination Test

etc.

• Modified HTHP or PPA • Production Screen Tester • Brookfield Rheometer • Solids Determination Test

ProductionProduction ScreenScreen TesterTester (PST)(PST)• Manufactured in Stainless Steel • Many parts standard OFI fittings • Cell capacity -

Manufactured in Stainless Steel

Many parts standard OFI fittings

Cell capacity - 1200 ml

Weight - 10.5 kg

Max. Pressure - 100 psi

Robust Construction

Quick and Simple to Use

SCOMI OILTOOLS- 1200 ml • Weight - 10.5 kg • Max. Pressure - 100 psi • Robust

ml • Weight - 10.5 kg • Max. Pressure - 100 psi • Robust Construction •
ml • Weight - 10.5 kg • Max. Pressure - 100 psi • Robust Construction •

ProductionProduction ScreenScreen TesterTester (PST)(PST)• The RDF is designed utilizing properly sized bridging/ weighting agents. • The PSD of

ProductionProduction ScreenScreen TesterTester (PST)(PST) • The RDF is designed utilizing properly sized bridging/

The RDF is designed utilizing properly sized bridging/ weighting agents.

The PSD of the bridging/weighting agents meet the required PSD in order not to plug the completion assembly.

Production

Screen

Receiving

Cup

SCOMI OILTOOLSagents meet the required PSD in order not to plug the completion assembly. Production Screen Receiving

agents meet the required PSD in order not to plug the completion assembly. Production Screen Receiving
SCOMI OILTOOLS
SCOMI OILTOOLS

Example of Screen Plugging

SCOMI OILTOOLS Example of Screen Plugging

Example of Screen PluggingShaleShaleShale andandand mudmudmud pluggingpluggingplugging screensscreensscreens SCOMI OILTOOLS

ShaleShaleShale andandand mudmudmud pluggingpluggingplugging screensscreensscreens
ShaleShaleShale andandand mudmudmud pluggingpluggingplugging screensscreensscreens

SCOMI OILTOOLSExample of Screen Plugging ShaleShaleShale andandand mudmudmud pluggingpluggingplugging screensscreensscreens

of Screen Plugging ShaleShaleShale andandand mudmudmud pluggingpluggingplugging screensscreensscreens SCOMI OILTOOLS

BrookfieldBrookfield RheometerRheometer• Maintaining the Low Shear Rate Viscosity (LSRV) with a Brookfield Rheometer is critical to

Maintaining the Low Shear Rate Viscosity (LSRV) with a Brookfield Rheometer is critical to proper hole cleaning and suspension.

An LSRV of 40,000 cp at 0.063 sec-1 is typical.

SCOMI OILTOOLSis critical to proper hole cleaning and suspension. • An LSRV of 40,000 cp at 0.063

to proper hole cleaning and suspension. • An LSRV of 40,000 cp at 0.063 s e

CompletionCompletion ProcedureProcedure

SCOMI OILTOOLSCompletionCompletion ProcedureProcedure

CompletionCompletion ProcedureProcedure SCOMI OILTOOLS

Displacement Of Horizontal Section Prior To Running the Completion AssemblyDisplace the used RDIF system with a Solids Free pill in the open hole and

Displace the used RDIF system with a Solids Free pill in the open hole and
Displace the used RDIF system with a Solids
Free pill in the open hole and +500’ inside of
the casing
RDIFRDIF SystemSystem
SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill

SCOMI OILTOOLSFree pill in the open hole and +500’ inside of the casing RDIFRDIF SystemSystem SolidsSolids FreeFree

in the open hole and +500’ inside of the casing RDIFRDIF SystemSystem SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill SCOMI

DisplacementDisplacement ofof thethe CasingCasing AboveAbove thethe HorizontalHorizontal SectionSectionPull hole opener +300 inside casing Displace the used RDIF system with spacers and completion

Pull hole opener +300 inside casing Displace the used RDIF system with spacers and completion
Pull hole opener +300 inside casing
Displace the used RDIF system with spacers
and completion brine
Pull out of the hole to pick up screens
CompletionCompletion brinebrine

SCOMI OILTOOLScompletion brine Pull out of the hole to pick up screens CompletionCompletion brinebrine SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill

SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill

Pull out of the hole to pick up screens CompletionCompletion brinebrine SCOMI OILTOOLS SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill

Completion Assembly In Horizontal SectionRun screens to bottom, set and test packer ScreensScreens CompletionCompletion fluidfluid SolidsSolids FreeFree

Run screens to bottom, set and test packer ScreensScreens CompletionCompletion fluidfluid SolidsSolids FreeFree
Run screens to bottom, set and
test packer
ScreensScreens
CompletionCompletion fluidfluid
SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill
SCOMI OILTOOLS

Displacement Clean-up procedureDisplace out the Solids Free pill with the completion fluid SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill SCOMI OILTOOLS

Displace out the Solids Free pill with the completion fluid

SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill
SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill

SCOMI OILTOOLSDisplace out the Solids Free pill with the completion fluid SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill CompletionCompletion fluidfluid

CompletionCompletion fluidfluid

Solids Free pill with the completion fluid SolidsSolids FreeFree pillpill SCOMI OILTOOLS CompletionCompletion fluidfluid

Displacement Clean-Up Sequence

CompletionCompletion fluidfluid
CompletionCompletion fluidfluid

Spot the breaker solution in the open hole and soak for the specified amount of time

SCOMI OILTOOLSSpot the breaker solution in the open hole and soak for the specified amount of time

BreakerBreaker solutionsolution

breaker solution in the open hole and soak for the specified amount of time SCOMI OILTOOLS

Displacement Clean-Up Sequence

After the soak period has elapsed, displace the breaker solution out of hole with completion
After the soak period has elapsed, displace the
breaker solution out of hole with completion
fluid
BreakerBreaker solutionsolution

CompletionCompletion fluidfluid

out of hole with completion fluid BreakerBreaker solutionsolution CompletionCompletion fluidfluid SCOMI OILTOOLS

SCOMI OILTOOLSthe breaker solution out of hole with completion fluid BreakerBreaker solutionsolution CompletionCompletion fluidfluid

CASE HISTORYDRILLING WITH RESERVOIR DRILL-IN FLUIDS SCOMI OILTOOLS

DRILLING WITH RESERVOIR DRILL-IN FLUIDS

SCOMI OILTOOLSCASE HISTORY DRILLING WITH RESERVOIR DRILL-IN FLUIDS

CASE HISTORY DRILLING WITH RESERVOIR DRILL-IN FLUIDS SCOMI OILTOOLS
OPTA-FLO Sized Salt – A Reservoir Drill – In Fluids
OPTA-FLO Sized Salt – A Reservoir Drill
– In Fluids

Background:

ScomiScomi OiltoolsOiltools CASECASE HISTORYHISTORY
ScomiScomi OiltoolsOiltools
CASECASE HISTORYHISTORY

November 2006 : The well Sumandak A-01 was drilled with water based mud system HYDRO-FOIL GEN 2- KCL/PHPA to TD at depth 1645m MD/ 1330m TVD with 40.7 deg angle and 160 o F BHST. The well was drilled with 13 3/8” casing set at 843m MD, 9 5/8” casing at 1488m MD with 9.5 ppg. The 8 ½” hole was planned to be open hole completed where 7” production WWS screen planned to be set at 1645m MD through the U1.1 and U1.2 sands. Scomi Oiltools has been requested to propose drill-in fluid system for this particular 8 ½” section that has characteristic of non-formation damage and easy clean-up after the production sand screen set.

Scomi Oiltools Solution:

Scomi Oiltools had proposed the OPTA-FLO Sized Salt RDIF which was formulated and tailored to the given well data. The products were carefully chosen and tested in the lab. Final formulation as follows i.e. saturated NaCl with 3% w/w KCL in brine, Magnesium Oxide 1.0 ppb as pH buffer, clarified starch OPTA STAR PLUS 4.0 ppb, High clarity viscosifier OPTA ZAN ( premium grade) 1.5 ppb, with sized salt 5E ( 5µm) 15 ppb and 20E ( 20µm) 31 ppb as bridging agent. The HyPR-SIZER software program was used to optimize the concentration and particle size distribution of the bridging agent to ensure solids are deposited across the pore throats. OPTA ZYME S, the enzyme breaker was chosen and tested successfully in the lab at 3% vol/vol to clean up the mud cake at the well bore.

SCOMI OILTOOLSlab at 3% vol/vol to clean up the mud cake at the well bore. Operator Well

to clean up the mud cake at the well bore. SCOMI OILTOOLS Operator Well Name :

Operator

Well Name : Sumandak A-01

Location

: Petronas Carigali Sdn.Bhd.

: Offshore Sarawak, Malaysia

bore. SCOMI OILTOOLS Operator Well Name : Sumandak A-01 Location : Petronas Carigali Sdn.Bhd. : Offshore
OPTA-FLO Sized Salt – A Reservoir Drill – In Fluids
OPTA-FLO Sized Salt – A Reservoir Drill
– In Fluids

ScomiScomi OiltoolsOiltools

CASECASE HISTORYHISTORYA Reservoir Drill – In Fluids ScomiScomi OiltoolsOiltools Results:   MUD PROPERTIES   Mud Weight, ppg

Results:

 

MUD PROPERTIES

 

Mud Weight, ppg

10.2

Funnel Viscosity, sec

57-61

PV, cPs

18-19

YP, lb/100ft 2

17-18

Gel Strength, lb/100ft2

4-6 / 5-7

6

rpm

6-7

3

rpm

5-6

API Flitrate, ml/30 min

3.8

Chlorides, mg/l

200,000

pH

8.7

- 9.0

LGS, %

2.0

- 2.7

Operator

Well Name : Sumandak A-01

Location

: Petronas Carigali Sdn.Bhd.

: Offshore Sarawak, Malaysia

The well was displaced and drilled with 10.2 ppg OPTA- FLO Sized Salt RDIF from 1488m to 1645m. At TD the hole was then displaced with solids free OPTA-FLO Sized Salt RDIF before running in the WWS screen which was set at 1645m as well ( The solid free OPTA-FLO RDIF was earlier tested with PST unit to determine the ability of the fluid passing through the sand screen). The under saturated

brine at 9.0 ppg with enzyme breaker OPTA ZYME S at 3% v/v was pumped inside and at screen annulus to destroy the mud cake and dissolve the salts. The whole operation while drilling and completing the well with OPTA FLO sized salt RDIF was without any problem.

.

Benefits:

Fluids are non damaging to the production reservoir . The bridging agent that produce external cake are easily removable with under saturated brine wash couple with 3%

OPTA ZYME S enzyme breaker.

Improved productivity for U 1.1 and U 1.2 sands from estimated at 1000 bbls/day to 1800bbls/day ( as informed by PCSB Production Technologist)

SCOMI OILTOOLS1800bbls/day ( as informed by PCSB Production Technologist) ForFor AdditionalAdditional Information,Information,

as informed by PCSB Production Technologist) SCOMI OILTOOLS ForFor AdditionalAdditional Information,Information,

ForFor AdditionalAdditional Information,Information, Contact:Contact:

drillingfluids@my.scomioiltools.com