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Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

1

2

Marks awarded indicated with [ ].

Let x be the price of a packet of Chicken Rice, y be the price of a packet of Fried Noodles and z be the price of a packet of Nasi Lemak.

2

x

y

2

2

z

13

2

x

12

4

z

3

x

2

  

y

z

14.5

 

From GC

 

x

$3.00,

y

$2.00,

z

2

x

3

y

z

 

2(3)

3(2)

[1] for each correct equation

$1.50

1.5

[1] for all correct [1] for correct answer of 13.5

$13.50

y y = x + 5 4 0 x
y
y = x + 5
4
0
x

[1] for each correct graph

From GC, x-coordinate of Points of Intersections:

1

4

1

and 4 2

Solution:

x



1

or

x

4

1

[1]

 

4

2

Alternatively,

 

x

3

2

x

1

 

x

5, Ans:

x

9

 

2

x

3

 

2

x

1

 

x

5,

Ans: No Soln

1

x

3

 

2

x

1

 

x

5, Ans:

x



4

x

3

2

x

1

 

x

5, Ans:

x

7



 

2

Solution:

x



1

or

x

4

1

 

4

2

1

[1] for each correct x

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

3

Let P n be the statement

u

n

When n = 1,

LHS =

RHS =

P 1 is true

u

1

= 8 (given)

211

2

18 LHS

2

n

Assume that P k is true for some k When n = k + 1, LHS =

u

k

1

1

2

1

for all n

 

[1]



, i.e.

u

k

uk 8k 8

  4k 2k 1 12k 18k 9 1 8

2

2

2k 32k 31

[1] for using u k

2

2 k 1 1  1RHS

[1]

P k is true P k+1 is true

 .
.

2

k

1

2

Since P 1 is true & P k is true P k+1 is true , by Mathematical

Induction, P n is true for all n

 .
.

1

u

n

2

n

1

2

 

1

2

n

2



2

n

4(

n

1)(

n

)





When n is even, n 2m for some m u2m 4(2m 1)(2m) 82m 1m, which is a multiple of 8.

When n is odd, n 2m1 for some m

u2m1 4(2m 2)(2m 1) 8m 12m 1,

which is also a multiple of 8.

Therefore,

u

n

is a multiple of 8 for every positive integer n .

2

[1] for concluding statement

[1] for even case

[1] for odd case

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

4

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

 

3

A

B

Let

(3

r

2)(3

r

1)

3

r

2

3

r

1

3

A

3

r

1

B

3

r

2

 

3

r

2



3

r

1

3

r

2



3

r

1

3 3ABr A2B

Comparing coefficients,

AAB 2B 0 3

Solving the equations, we get A 1, B 1

[1] for both values

3

1

1

 

(3r

2)(3r

1)

3r

2

3r

1

n 1 1 n 3     3 r  2  (3
n
1
1
n
3
3
r
2
(3
r
1)
3
3
r
2
(3
r
1)
r
1
r
1
1
n
1
1
 
3
3
r
2
3
r
r  1
1  
1
1
1
3
1
4
1
1
 
4
7
1
1
 
7
10
1
1
3n
2
3n
1
1
1
1
3
 
3n
1
  
1
1
1
1
 
28 31
31 34
34 37
3r
2

3r
1
r 
10 
1
9


3r
2

3r
1
r 
1
r
1

1

1

0

1

3

1

3

1 3

84 1

3

1

 

1

3r



1

1

3

9

84

2

[1]



[1] for applying (i)

[1] for listing first and last few terms

[1]

[1] for relating to (ii)

1

3r

1

[1] for splitting

3

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

5

Given

1

x

1 x

2

2

z

d z

d x

2

x y

d

2

d

(1

1

x

x

2

)

2

2

x

  

1

d y

d x

d

2

y

d

x

2

d d y x

  

2

x

d

y

d

x

1

2

x

2

x y

d

2

d

2

x

d d y x

d

x z

d

2 x

(ans)

 

[1]

2

x

 

[1]

z

2x dx x

2

c

where c is an arbitrary constant

[1]

d

y

2

x

c

 

x

d

y

x

2

c

1

2

x

c

 

1

d

x

y

1

x

1

2

1

2

x

c 1

1 x  

2

d

x

d

 

1

c

1

1

x

2

[1]

y x

(

c

1)tan

1

x d where c and d are arbitrary constants.

Given that when x 0,

100d

d 1

[1]

y 1,

Given that when

2

 

1

c 1

1

0

c 2

1

y x  

tan

1

x

0,

d y

d x

x

[1]

(ans)

2,

4

[1]

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

6a

6b

AP sequence:

T a, T

1

5

a 4d, T

10

a 9d

T T 5 10   r  T T 1 5 a  4
T
T
5
10
 
r
T T
1
5
a
4
d
a
9
d
[1]
a
a
 4
d
2
a
4
d
a
a
9
d
2
2
2
a
8
ad
16
d
a
9
ad
2
16
d
ad
0
d
(16
d
a
)
0
Since
d 
0,
a  16
d
--------------------(1)
[1]
a 2
d
 
a
5
d
13
2
a 
7
d
13---------------(2)
Sub (1) into (2)
39
d 
13
1
16
d
, a
[1] for each
3
3
 n
S
 3(1
3
)
n
T
 S
S
n
n
n  1
[1] for forming expression for Tn
1
n
2
n
 
3
3
 
3
3
3
9

n
n
3
3
6
2
[1]
n  1
3
n
3
2
n
 2
n
 1
T
3
1
3
n
[1]
 1
2
T
n  1
n
3
3
n
 2
3
T
n
Since a common ratio exists between
, the sequence is a GP
T
n  1
a
T
2
1
1
r
[1] for both values
3

5

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

7

(i)

  3 i | 3 2 1  2 2 y A | z
3 i |
3
2
1  2
2
y
A
| z 1i ||
Locus of
3 i |
C
(1, 1)
x
O
3
(5, 3)
B 4
Locus of
0
 arg
 
3i
3
z
5
4

[2] correct circle with centre and radius [1] each for correct half-lines (starting point excluded) [1] correct shaded region

(ii) Using right angle triangles, A (iii) C 2 2   4 4 E
(ii)
Using right angle triangles,
A (iii)
C
2
2
4
4
E 1
C
B

E 2
| AE
|
 CE
|
|
2sin
2
1
2
4
 
| E C
|
 E B
|
|
2cos
1
2
[1] to find any one side

Therefore the values of z are

1 2+i12and 1 2+i12. [1] each

1  2  +i  1  2  a n d  1 
1  2  +i  1  2  a n d  1 
1  2  +i  1  2  a n d  1 
1  2  +i  1  2  a n d  1 

6

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

8

9a

(i)

(ii)

Differentiate with respect to x

d y d y d t  d x d x d t t d
d y
d
y
d t
d x
d
x
d t
t
d
y
1
e
t
d
x
e

When parallel to 3

y

 

x

[1]

3

e

t

3(e

t ln

3

2

t

At

t

5

2

,

x

ln

y

1)

3

,
2

ln

3

2

3

2

Equation of tangent,


y

y

ln

2

x

3

2

3

2

3

2

ln

2

13

2

x

d

x

d

t

d

y

d

t

d

y

d

t

d

y

d

t

2, When

x

d

y

d

x

d

x

d

t

1

2

2

2

 1 unit/s

3,

t

[1] forming equation using gradient

5

2

[1]

[1] for point

[1] for forming equation

[1]

ln 2

[1] for value of t

[1]

[1]

(i) Total Area of rectangles

1

n

e

0

e

1 n

e

n 2

  e n n  1
e
n n  1
 

e

1

n

e

1

n

n

1

1

1

 

n

e

1

n

e

1

n

1

(shown).

[1] for correct heights

[1] applying GP formula

[1] simplification to obtain final answer

7

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

9b

10

(ii) Actual Area =

1

x

0 e d

x

e

x

1

0

e 1

Actual Area > Total Area of rectangles

n

e

1

n

e

 

1

e

1

n

e

1

n

1

1 1

1 1

e 1

n

n

(shown)

[1]

[1]

[1] simplification to obtain final answer

y e

x

(1)
(1)

y

e

x

(2)
(2)

P oint of intersection is 1, e

Volume =

1

e

ln

y

2

d

y

4

e

  

e

y

  

2

d

y

[1]

[1] for splitting into 2 regions;

[1] for correct limits used in each region

= 4.99 (to 2 d.p)

2

4

0

3

0

2

 

    

2

5

2

 

2

[1]

[1]

[1]

(i)

462049 2

OA

2

4

0

3(9)

  

0(9)

2(9)

=

29

4

18

 

 

5

2

 

  

2

  

3

 

0

 

2

 

 

0

10

4)

0

(6

15

 

2

2

3

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

(ii) Direction vector of l 2 =

=

[1] for vector product

10

15

[1]

A direction vector in the simplest form is

Equation of l 2 : r

29

4

18

    

2      

3

 

2

, where

   29 4  18         2

[1]

8

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

(iii)

(iv)

[Method 1]:

Angle between 3 and 1 = Angle between line l 1 and 1

 3   2      0   5 
3
 
2
0
5
 2
2
 
sin
3
2
0
5
sin
 2
2
2
13
33

5.5(1 d.p)

6  4  [1] 3 2  2 2 2 2  5 2
6
4
[1]
3
2
 2
2
2
2
5
2
2
2

[1]

[Method 2]: Normal of 3 =


3

  

0

2

2

  3  

2

=


4

  

6

13

[1]

Finding angle between 3 and 1,

 4   2       13   5
4
 
2
13
5
6
2
 
cos
4
2
13
5
6
2
cos 85 221 33  5.5 (1 d.p)
cos
85
221
33
 5.5 (1 d.p)

8

65

12

8  65  12
4 2  13 2  6 2 2 2  5 2  2
4
2
13
2
6
2
2
2
5
2
2
2

[1]

If 1 and 2 do not intersect, then 1 and 2 are parallel to each other and 1 2 .

Therefore

2

5

2

 

must be parallel to

[1] each for and

6

15

9

    

and 6 . That is, 6,6 .

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

11

(i)

2

1

2

3

x

1

1

  

  

  

2

1

2

1

 

2

3

1 x

2

  

1

  

1



2

3

2

1

 

2

2

27

27

8

x

3

  

27 8 x 3     3 x  (ans)

3

x

(ans)
(ans)

16

1

 

(

1)

  

3

2

x

1

3

4

3 2

x

9 4

x

x 8 9 x

2

x

 

2

  1   2   3  3  3  
1

2

3
3
3
x
3
2
1
2
 


[1]

For the expansion to be valid,

3 x  1 2 2   x  2 3 (ans) 3 By
3
x
 1
2
2
 x 
2 3 (ans)
3
By observation,
x
n
Coefficient of
e
x
(ii) y 
2
2
 y  e x
3
x
3 x

1

2

[1]

3

2

 

n

.(ans)

(1)
(1)

[1]

2

2

(2

3

3

x

x

d y

3

3

y

y

e

x

3

d

y x

d

x

)

d

d x y

d x

 

(1

2

)

3

x

y

3

x

0.

y

[1]

[1]

(shown)

 (1  2 ) 3 x  y  3  x 0. y [1]

(2)

d

3

d

x y

d

2

y

d

y

d

(4

3

x

d

y

(2

(2

3

x

)

3

x

)

2

2

d x

d 3

2

d x

3

y

d x

3

 

(1

)

y

d

3

3

d

y

x

x

(4

d

d

)

3

d

x

y

0

3

y

0.

(3)
(3)

x

[1]

d

2

3

3

x

x

)

y

 

d

x

(7

2

3

x

)

)

d

3

2

y

2

x

)

6

3

x

d 2 y d y d y  3  3  0 2 d
d
2
y
d
y
d
y
3
3
0
2
d
x
d
x
d d y x
(4)
0
d
x

(2

(2

[1]

10

[1]

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

12a

(iii)

(i)

(ii)

When x 0,

From (1)

From (2)

From (3)

From (4)

y

y

1

2

1

2

y

1

2

2

d

y

d

x

 

y

0

d

y

d

x



1

2

   1 2  



1

4

2

d

2

y

d x

2

2

d 3

y

d

x

3

1

4

1

4

x

4

 

1

 

  1 2

1    

7

1

4

5

  4

6

   5 4  

2

x

41

48

  

4

3

0

0

1

3!

  

41

8

  

3

x

(ans).

2!

x 8 5 x

2

d

2

y

1

  5

d

x

2

d

3

y

2

1

   2 41   4

   

d

x

3

2

5

4



41

8

[1] for at least 2 out of 4 values correct

x

3

[1]

2

3 x

1

e x

=   

 

1

2

1

2

3

3 4

4

x

= x

9 27 1 1 x 2  x 3  1   x x
9
27
1
1
x
2
x
3
1
 
x
x
2
x
3
[1] for expansion of e x
    1
2
6
  
9 8
16 27
3
9
1
3
1
x
2
x
3
x
x
2
x
3
x
2
x
3
x
3
8
16
  
 
2
4
8
  
  
4
8
  
  
12
  

x 8 5 x

1

2

1

4

2

41

48

3

x

(verified).

[1] correct simplification

Vertical asymptote:

x 

2

ax

1

2

a

2

x

As x

Oblique asymptote:

 

,

y

y

x

1

x

 

2

a

[1]

x

 

2

1

[1]

a

 

1

d

y

d

x

 

1

a

1

2

x

1

2

[1]

At stationary points,

x

1

 

x

a

a

1

2 or

x



a

d

y

d

x

[1]

0

When

When

x

x

 

a



a

,

2,

y

y

0.

4

a

Stationary Points are

4

(

a

2,4

a

4) and (

11

a

1

2

a

x

,0)

1

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

y 2 a -a 0 x
y
2
a
-a
0
x

12b

12b

[1] shape; [1] both asymptotes; [1] both turning points

(iv) From the graph, 0 k 4a 4

(i)

[1]

y y = f(3x)  5  x y = 1 (0, 2) x =
y
y = f(3x)
5
x
y = 1
(0, 2)
x
= 3

[1] shape; [1] vertical asymptote x=3; [1] x-intercepts (ii)

y y  0
y
y 
0

x 2

x x 2
x
x 2

[1] shape; [1] vertical & horizontal asymptotes; [1] turning pt

12

Jurong JC Preliminary Examinations Paper 1 Marking Scheme

13