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Instructions

TNMSM SURPASShiT 70203.1 LCT UserManual


A42022L5966A 53-1-7619

ImportantNoticeon ProductSafety
Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures. Systems with forced ventilation have rotating items. Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in property damage. The system complies with the standard EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. All equipment connected has to comply with the applicable safety standards. Mount the systems in areas with restricted access only. Only trained and qualified personnel may install, operate, and maintain the systems.

The same text in German: Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangslufig bestimmte Teile der Gerte unter Spannung. Einige Teile knnen auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen. Anlagen mit Zwangsbelftung haben drehende Teile. Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Krperverletzungen und Sachschden fhren. Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. Angeschlossene Gerte mssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfllen. Die Anlagen drfen nur in Betriebssttten mit beschrnktem Zutritt aufgebaut werden. Die Anlagen drfen nur durch geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal installiert, betrieben und gewartet werden.

Trademarks: All designations used in this document can be trademarks, the use of which by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of their owners.

Contents
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3.1 1.3.2 1.3.3 1.4 2 3 4 5 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 7 7.1 7.2 8 8.1 8.1.1 8.1.2 8.1.3 8.2 8.2.1 8.2.2 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 10 10.1 10.1.1 Notes on This Documentation Customer Documentation Complementary Documents Symbols Used in the Customer Documentation Symbol for Warnings Symbols for Notes Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs Notes on Licensed Software Introduction Features Hardware Configuration Software Configuration Installation Route Configuration Installing the LCT Software Package Uninstalling the LCT Software Package Starting and Shutting down TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Starting TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Shutting Down TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Main Interface Features Main Window Title Bar Main Menu Bar Work Area Submenus (with Right Mouse Button Click) MainBoard Card Ethernet Card NE Configuration and Management Chassis View NE Property Configuration Shutting down NE NE Timing Setting FTP Settings NE Trap Destination Configuration DCC Transparent Configuration Embedded E1 DCC Configuration NE Software Management MIB Management SDH Configuration and Management Card Configuration and Management Card Properties Configuration

10.1.2 10.1.3 10.1.4 10.1.5 10.2 10.2.1 10.2.2 10.3 10.4 10.4.1 10.4.2 10.4.3 10.5 10.5.1 10.5.2 10.6 10.6.1 10.6.2 10.6.3 11 11.1 11.2 11.2.1 11.2.2 11.2.3 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12 12.1 12.1.1 12.1.2 12.1.3 12.1.4 12.2 13 13.1 13.1.1 13.1.2 13.1.3 13.2 13.2.1

Synchronizing Card Delete Card Cold Reboot Card Warm Reboot Card SDH Port Configuration and Management Port Configuration Port Status E1 Port Configuration and Management Cross-Connect Management Querying Current Cross-Connection Adding a New Cross-Connection Deleting a Connection Terminal Point Configuration and Management Querying Current Terminal Point Terminal Point Mapping Synchronization Management Global Settings Configuring the System Clock Configuring the Reference Ethernet Configuration and Management Bridge Configuration LAN Card Configuration and Management LAN Port Properties VLAN Rate Limiting CoS Configuration WAN Port Configuration VLAN Management Priority Algorithm Configuration Static MAC Address Configuration ACL Configuration Group Broadcast Configuration RSTP Configuration Protection Management SNCP Management Viewing and Modifying SNCP Creating SNCP Deleting SNCP Switching SNCP MSP Management Routing and Protocol Configuration IP Route Configuration IP Interface IP Static Route IP Routing Table OSPF OSPF General

13.2.2 13.2.3 13.2.4 13.2.5 13.2.6 13.2.7 13.3 14 14.1 14.1.1 14.1.2 14.2 15 15.1 15.1.1 15.1.1.1 15.1.1.2 15.1.1.3 15.1.1.4 15.1.2 15.2 15.2.1 15.2.1.1 15.2.1.2 15.2.2 15.2.3 15.2.4 15.3 15.3.1 15.3.2 15.3.3 15.3.4 15.4 15.4.1 15.4.2 15.4.3 16 16.1 16.2 16.2.1 16.2.2 16.2.3 16.2.4 16.2.5 16.3 16.4

OSPF Areas OSPF Interfaces OSPF Interface Metrics OSPF Neighbors OSPF LSDB OSPF Ext LSDB OSI Configuration Maintenance Loopback Test Management Querying Loopback Status Setting Loopback Test LED Test Performance Monitoring Management Overview of Performance Monitoring SDH Performance Monitoring PM in Regeneration Section (G.829) PM in Multiplex Section (G.829) PM for HP/LP (High Order and Low Order Paths) (G.829) PM for Pointer Justification Counts at Administrative Unit (G.707) Data Performance Monitoring Parameters SDH Performance Monitoring Management Filter Setting TP Filter Parameter Filter Editing Monitored Parameter Alarm Threshold History SDH Performance Ethernet Performance Monitoring Management Filter Setting Editing Monitored Parameter Ethernet PM Thresholds History Ethernet Performance Current E1 Bit Slip Performance Filter Setting Editing Monitored Parameter History E1 Bit Slip Performance Alarm and Event Management Overview of Alarms NE Alarms Current Alarms Viewing Active Alarms Reviewing the current alarms Clearing Alarms Alarm Search LED Indicators Exporting Alarms

16.4.1 16.4.2 16.5 16.5.1 16.5.2 16.6 16.6.1 16.6.2 16.6.3 16.7 16.7.1 16.7.2 16.7.3 16.7.4 16.7.5 17 17.1 18 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 19 20

Exporting Active Alarms to a File Printing Active Alarms Configuring Fault Management Audio Alarm Configuration Alarm Type List Management Alarm Configuration for Single NE Alarm Inhibit Configuration Alarm Out Configuration MDI/MDO Configuration Displaying the Node Event Log Interpreting the Node Event Log Management Events Hardware Events Software Events Event Search Resource and Database Management NE Usage Statistics How To Creating a TU12 Cross-Connection between STM-4 and STM-4/1 Configuring Layer 2 100Mbps Ethernet Service Monitoring Current Performance of STM-1 Port Creating Multiplex-Section Protection between Two NEs Creating SNCP Between Two NEs Using Two Ports of MainBoard (STM-4) Abbreviations Index

Illustrations
Fig. 2.1 TNMS-M Series Products Fig. 6.1 Open Hyper Terminal Fig. 6.2 Hyper Terminal--Connection Description Fig. 6.3 Hyper Terminal--Connect To Fig. 6.4 Hyper Terminal--COM1 Properties Fig. 6.5 CLI Window--Welcome to Login Fig. 6.6 Main Manu Fig. 6.7 User Table Fig. 6.8 Edit a Given User Fig. 6.9 IP Address Configuration Fig. 6.10 Add Static Route Information Fig. 6.11 TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Welcome Screen Fig. 6.12 License Agreement Fig. 6.13 Select Destination Location Fig. 6.14 Select Start Menu Folder Fig. 6.15 Select Additional Tasks Fig. 6.16 Ready to Install Fig. 6.17 Installing Fig. 6.18 Exit Setup Fig. 6.19 Completing Setup Fig. 6.20 Uninstall the Software from the Start Menu Fig. 6.21 Dialog Box of Confirming the Uninstall Process Fig. 6.22 Uninstall Status Fig. 6.23 Completing the Uninstall Process Fig. 7.1 Desktop Icon Fig. 7.2 Start LCT from Start Menu Fig. 7.3 Select Server IP Fig. 7.4 LCT Login Window Fig. 7.5 LCT Main Window Fig. 8.1 Main Window Fig. 9.1 Chassis View Fig. 9.2 NE Properties Fig. 9.3 Shutdown NE Fig. 9.4 Shutdown Information

Fig. 9.5 NE Time Settings Fig. 9.6 FTP Setting Fig. 9.7 FTP Root Fig. 9.8 NE Trap Destination Fig. 9.9 Confirmation Fig. 9.10 DCC Transparency Configuration Fig. 9.11 Embedded E1 DCC Configuration Fig. 9.12 NE Software Management Fig. 9.13 FTP Setting Fig. 9.14 NE Software Switch Result Windows Fig. 9.15 MIB Management Fig. 9.16 FTP Setting Fig. 10.1 Card Properties Fig. 10.2 Synchronize Card Fig. 10.3 SDH Port Properties Fig. 10.4 E1 Port Properties Fig. 10.5 Cross-Connect Management Fig. 10.6 Create Cross-Connect Fig. 10.7 Confirming for Deleting the Selected Cross-Connections Fig. 10.8 TP Configuration (View 1 - As Presented) Fig. 10.9 TP Configuration (View 2 - Engaged) Fig. 10.10 TP Multiplexing Structure Query Fig. 10.11 TP Multiplexing Structure, View 1 Fig. 10.12 TP Multiplexing Structure, View 2 Fig. 10.13 Modify Mapping Fig. 10.14 Synchronization Management, Timing Source of NE Fig. 10.15 Global Settings Fig. 10.16 System Clock, Switching Timing Sources Fig. 10.17 Timing Source Reference Properties Fig. 11.1 Bridge Properties Fig. 11.2 LAN Port Configuration Fig. 11.3 Rate Limit Config Fig. 11.4 Change Cos Fig. 11.5 WAN Port Configuration Fig. 11.6 Bandwidth Configuration Fig. 11.7 VLAN Management

Fig. 11.8 Modify VLAN Based on VLAN Fig. 11.9 Modify VLAN Based on Ports Fig. 11.10 Egress Priority Weight Config Fig. 11.11 Output Priority Algorithm Configuration Fig. 11.12 Modify Priority Weight Fig. 11.13 Static MAC Address Configuration Fig. 11.14 Add MAC Address Fig. 11.15 ACL Config Fig. 11.16 Add ACL Fig. 11.17 Group Broadcast Configuration Fig. 11.18 Add MAC Address Fig. 11.19 RSTP Properties Configuration Fig. 11.20 Port RSTP Configuration Fig. 12.1 SNCP Management Fig. 12.2 SNCP Properties Fig. 12.3 Create Cross-Connect Fig. 12.4 Create SNCP Fig. 12.5 Delete SNCP Fig. 12.6 SNCP Switch Fig. 12.7 MSP Management Fig. 12.8 MSP Property Fig. 12.9 External Commands Fig. 12.10 Create Linear Multiplex Section Protection Group Fig. 13.1 IP Interface Fig. 13.2 IP Static Route Fig. 13.3 Edit IP Static Route Fig. 13.4 Add IP Static Route Fig. 13.5 IP Routing Table Fig. 13.6 OSPF Submenu Fig. 13.7 OSPF General Fig. 13.8 OSPF Area Fig. 13.9 Add OSPF Area Fig. 13.10 Edit OSPF Area Fig. 13.11 OSPF Interface Fig. 13.12 OSPF Interface Metric Fig. 13.13 OSPF Neighbor

Fig. 13.14 OSPF Link State Database Fig. 13.15 OSPF External Link State Database Fig. 13.16 OSI Configuration Fig. 14.1 Loopback Test Management Fig. 14.2 Loopback Test Configure Fig. 14.3 LED Test Fig. 15.1 SDH Current Performance Fig. 15.2 Monitor Point Filter Fig. 15.3 Select Terminal Point Fig. 15.4 Edit Properties of Performance Monitor Fig. 15.5 Alarm Threshold Fig. 15.6 SDH History Performance Fig. 15.7 Ethernet Current Performance Fig. 15.8 Monitor Point Filter Fig. 15.9 Select Port Fig. 15.10 Edit Properties of Monitored Parameter Fig. 15.11 1 Second Ethernet Thresholds Fig. 15.12 Monitor Point Filter Fig. 15.13 Select Ports Fig. 15.14 Selected Ports Fig. 15.15 Edit Properties of Performance Monitor Fig. 15.16 Ethernet History Performance Fig. 15.17 Current E1 Bit-Slip Performance Fig. 15.18 Monitor Point Filter Fig. 15.19 Select Port Fig. 15.20 Selected Ports Fig. 15.21 Edit Properties of Performance Monitor Fig. 15.22 History E1 Bit Slip Performance Fig. 16.1 Open Active Alarms from Main Menu Fig. 16.2 Open Active Alarms from Right-click Menu Fig. 16.3 Alarm Count by Severity Fig. 16.4 Active Alarms Fig. 16.5 Clear Alarm Fig. 16.6 Alarm Search Fig. 16.7 Alarm Source Config Fig. 16.8 Active Alarm Search Result

Fig. 16.9 Report Alarm Fig. 16.10 Report Window Fig. 16.11 Save File Fig. 16.12 Print Window Fig. 16.13 Report Alarm Preview Fig. 16.14 Print Setup Fig. 16.15 Audio Alarm Config Fig. 16.16 Alarm Type List Management Fig. 16.17 Modify Property of Alarm Fig. 16.18 Alarm Inhibit Configuration Fig. 16.19 Alarm Out Configuration Fig. 16.20 MDI/MDO Configuration: MDI Tab Fig. 16.21 MDI/MDO Configuration: MDO Tab Fig. 16.22 Events Fig. 16.23 Event Search Fig. 16.24 Event Search Result Fig. 17.1 NE SDH Resource Usage Statistics Fig. 18.1 TP Multiplexing Structure Fig. 18.2 Query Result Fig. 18.3 Expanding Tree Graph Fig. 18.4 Mapping AU4 to TU12 Fig. 18.5 Result of Mapping Fig. 18.6 Mapping TU12 to AU4 Fig. 18.7 Cross-Connect Management Menu Fig. 18.8 Cross-Connect Management Fig. 18.9 Create Cross-Conect Fig. 18.10 Create Cross-Connect Fig. 18.11 Bridge Configuration Menu Fig. 18.12 Bridges Properties Fig. 18.13 LAN Port Configuration Fig. 18.14 WAN Port Config Fig. 18.15 Bandwidth Configuration Fig. 18.16 VLAN Management Fig. 18.17 VLAN Config Fig. 18.18 Query VLAN Information Fig. 18.19 Create Cross-Connect

Fig. 18.20 Cross-Connect Management Fig. 18.21 Current SDH Performance Menu Fig. 18.22 SDH Current Performance Fig. 18.23 Monitor Point Filter Fig. 18.24 Select Terminal Point Fig. 18.25 Monitor Point Filter Fig. 18.26 SDH Current Performance Fig. 18.27 Point-to-point System Fig. 18.28 MSP Management Fig. 18.29 Create Linear Multiplex Section Protection Group Fig. 18.30 MSP Management Fig. 18.31 SNCP Example Fig. 18.32 SNCP Management Fig. 18.33 Create and Config SNCP Fig. 18.34 SNCP Protection in NE A Fig. 18.35 SNCP Switch

Tables
Tab. 3.1 Feature List Tab. 4.1 Minimum Hardware Requirements of TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Tab. 8.1 Main Menu Structure Tab. 9.1 NE Properties Tab. 9.2 NE Software Management Window Field Description Tab. 10.1 Card Properties Window Field Description Tab. 10.2 Port Configuration Tab. 10.3 Port Status Tab. 10.4 TP Management Parameters Tab. 10.5 Tributary(Trib#) to KLM to Timeslot(TS#) Numbers Mapping Tab. 12.1 SNCP Properties Tab. 15.1 Regenerator Section SES threshold xx% (for BIP-8) Tab. 15.2 Defects Resulting in a Near-end Severely Errored Second Tab. 15.3 Defects resulting in a Far-end Severely Errored Second Tab. 15.4 Multiplex Section SES threshold xx% (For BIP-1) Tab. 15.5 Defects Resulting in a Near-end Severely Errored Second Tab. 15.6 Defects Resulting in a Far-end Severely Errored Second Tab. 15.7 Path Overhead Section SES Threshold xx% (For BIP-2, BIP-8) Tab. 15.8 PM Management Functions Tab. 15.9 Default Value and Value Range for a Fixed 15-minute Period Tab. 15.10 Default value and Value Range for a Fixed 24-hour Period Tab. 15.11 Maximum Records number of History Performance Tab. 15.12 Primary Ethernet PM Function Tab. 16.1 Active Alarms information Tab. 16.2 LED Status Tab. 16.3 Management Events Tab. 16.4 Hardware Events Tab. 16.5 Software Events

1 Notes on This Documentation


1.1 CustomerDocumentation
The Customer Documentation of the SURPASS hiT 7020 comprises the following descriptions and manuals: TechnicalManual The Technical Manual gives an overview of the application, performance features, interfaces, and functions of the SURPASS hiT 7020. It also contains the most important technical data.

The Technical Manual does not contain any instructions to operate the product. Installationand Test Manual The Installation and Test Manual ITMN contains instructions on mounting, connecting, and commissioning the SURPASS hiT 7020, and connecting and commissioning the LCT operating terminals. TroubleshootingManual The Troubleshooting Manual provides information about the alarm list SUPRASS hiT 7020 supports and troubleshooting procedures. TNMSM SURPASShiT 7020LCTUserManual The LCT User Manual provides information about the LCT (features, configuration, installation, etc.) and how to operate, monitor, and maintain the SURPASS hiT 7020 using the Element Manager software (Application Software) running on the LCT.

Besides the LCT User Manual, the OnlineHelpof the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT software is of high importance for the user.

1.2

ComplementaryDocuments
In addition to the SURPASS hiT 7020 customer documentation listed in Chapter 1.1, there is further documentation: SURPASShiT 7020ReleaseNote This document identifies the specific version of the SURPASS hiT 7020 and provides information on HW, SW, LCT components and the limitations of the release as well as important notes concerning the customer documentation.

1.3

SymbolsUsedin the CustomerDocumentation

1.3.1

Symbolfor Warnings
This symbol identifies notes which, if ignored, can result in personal injury or in permanent damage to the equipment.

1.3.2

Symbolsfor Notes

Information which extends beyond the immediate context.

Cross reference to other chapters in this manual or reference to other manuals.

Help

Reference to the online help system of the Element Manager software.

1.3.3

Symbolsfor MenuDisplaysand Text Inputs


Menu options from pop-up menus or inputs to be made by the user (texts, commands) are displayed consecutively in their hierarchical sequence in pointed brackets: <Menu><Menuitem> <Commandtext> <Parameter>etc.

1.4

Noteson LicensedSoftware
This documentation refers to software products which were taken over from other companies as licenses. Should problems arise, the user should contact Siemens AG as the licensee and not the relevant licenser.

2 Introduction
TNMS-M series products are network management system which are used to manage and maintain MSTP network elements built by SURPASS hiT series products.

The TNMS-M series network management system products include TNMS-M LCT and TNMS-M. (See Fig. 2.1)

Fig. 2.1 TNMS-M Series Products

TNMS-M LCT (Local Craft Terminal) provides NE level TNMS-M based management function and GUI. One TNMS-M LCT application can only connect and manage one NE at one time. The interface between TNMS-M LCT and NE is SNMP based. Different type network element corresponds to different type LCT, which is mainly used for on-site management and maintenances.

TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT is an element management system of single NE, which is designed to provide comprehensive fault, configuration, performance management functions for the SURPASS hiT 7020 product line.

3 Features
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT features are listed in Tab. 3.1. Feature Java-Based User Interface Configuration Management Description Java-based user interface to connect NEs Provides Chassis View showing the front faceplate of the equipment Color-coded LEDs to indicate NE status Uploads data from the actual NE to update the management information of NE in the LCT Ensures all status and data in the LCT are consistent with the actual NE Enables NE software updates and download from the LCT Redundant images of the embedded software are stored in an NE, one active and one backup which can be switched and activated by LCT NE warm reboot and cold reboot can be controlled by LCT View/synchronize/delete/modify Circuit-pack attributes View/synchronize/modify port attributes TP configuration and management, including viewing/synchronizing/modifying TP attributes, TP multiplexing structure configuration SDH Cross-Connect configuration and management Timing configuration and management, including select timing reference for system clock, modify/view timing reference of NEs system clock, and configure timing reference for station clock Virtual concatenation configuration and management LCAS configuration Ethernet VLAN configuration Ethernet Class of Service configuration Rapid spanning trees management Rate limiting configuration of Ethernet port Broadcast strom control Multicast management IP route configuration OSPF parameters configuration OSI-lite parameters configuration Supports MSP protection management Supports SNCP/I protection management Supports Ethernet RSTP protection management

Consistency and Data Synchronization

Network Element Control

Protection and Redundancy

Feature Performance Management

Description Supports monitored performance TPs and parameters selection. Supports current performance management Supports history performance management Loopback Configuration for testing LED test Collects, displays, and manages SURPASS hiT 7020 fault messages (including NE, card, port and TP related) Supports color coded alarms to indicate alarm severity level Supports active alarm synchronization Supports NE related event management

Maintenance Fault Management

Event Management Tab. 3.1 Feature List

4 Hardware Configuration
The TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT software can run on the following operating system: Microsoft Windows based operating system PC, Desktop or Laptop The minimum hardware requirements of TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT are listed in Tab. 4.1. Configuration Windows-Based Computer HardwareRequirement

1.6 GHz Pentium-4 Processor 512M RAM 1 20GB Hard Disk TP Ethernet 10/100BASE-T Networking Port Graphic Card with 1024 768 resolution (75Hz refresh for Desktop; 60-Hz refresh for Notebook) Color Monitor (17 for Desktop; 14 TFT for Notebook) Tab. 4.1 Minimum Hardware Requirements of TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT

5 Software Configuration
The following operating system and software package are required to install and run the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT. MicrosoftWindowsbasedoperatingsystem Windows 2000 Professional operating system, or Windows XP Professional operating system The TNMSM SURPASShiT 7020LCTsoftware

6 Installation
6.1 RouteConfiguration
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT manages NEs based on TCP/IP addresses. Therefore, the user must set a static route to enable the LCT system to find the NE. Before setting the route, ensure that the console port and the MGMT port of the users computer are connected with the peer ports of SURPASS hiT 7020.

TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT only supports NE management by the MGMT port.

1. Click <Start><Programs><Accessories><Communications><Hyper Terminal> to open the <New Connection: Hyper Terminal> window. (See Fig. 6.1)

Fig. 6.1 Open Hyper Terminal

2. In the <Connection Description> window, enter the user name in the <Name> field and click <OK>.

Fig. 6.2 Hyper Terminal--Connection Description

3. In the <Connect To> window, choose <COM1> (the computers connected console port) in the <Connect using> drop-down menu and click <OK>.

Fig. 6.3 Hyper Terminal--Connect To

4.

In the <COM1 Properties> window, click <Restore Defaults> and click <OK>.

Fig. 6.4 Hyper Terminal--COM1 Properties

5. Input a few <Enter> and the CLI interface window will be shown as follows. (See Fig. 6.5) Input the user name and the password, and then press <Enter>. The user name is <root> and the password is none.

Fig. 6.5 CLI Window--Welcome to Login

6.

The Main Menu will be shown. (See Fig. 6.6)

Fig. 6.6 Main Manu

7.

User Table

Press <U> from the Main Menu and the User Table will be shown. (See Fig. 6.7). The User Table enables the user to add/delete/modify the user information.

Fig. 6.7 User Table

8.

Press <E> from the User Table to edit a given user.

Fig. 6.8 Edit a Given User

9.

IP Address Configuration

Press <I> from the Main Menu to configure the node IP address, the management port IP address, the management port subnet mask, and the default gateway for the management port. The user can select 1 to 4 to configure the special IP address based on his/her needs.

Fig. 6.9 IP Address Configuration

10. Click <Start><Programs><Accessories><Command Prompt> to open the <Command Prompt> window, and then use the <route add [destination] [mask netmask] [gateway] [-p]> command to enter the static route information. For example, enter the command <route add 192.168.16.243 mask 255.255.255.255 192.168.12.243 p> to add the static route information into the users computer; that means the added routes IP address is 192.168.16.243, the mask is 255.255.255.255, and the gateway is 192.168.12.243. (See Fig. 6.10)

Note: The user can use the <route /help> command to get more information about the <route> command.

Fig. 6.10 Add Static Route Information

6.2

Installingthe LCTSoftwarePackage
After selecting the SURPASS hiT serial products, Siemens post sales engineers and technical support technicians will help to complete selecting and installing hardware and software based on requirements. A TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT installation CD will be provided. Install the LCT software package on the provided CD using the wizard mode on any qualified operating system.

To describe how to install the LCT software package, the following example is provided.

1. Double-click the icon of TNMS_M_SURPASS_hiT7020_R31L13_setup.exe. A welcome screen will be shown. (See Fig. 6.11) Then click <Next> to continue.

Fig. 6.11 TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Welcome Screen

2. In the <License Agreement> window, choose <I accept the agreement>, and click <Next> to continue.

Fig. 6.12 License Agreement

3.

Accept the default destination location, and click <Next> to continue. (See Fig. 6.13)

Note: The TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT software will be installed by default in the %SystemDrive%\Siemens\hiT7020 folder. (%SystemDrive% specifies the drive letter of the hard disk drive containing the Windows operating system.) For example: If Windows is installed in Drive C, the software will be installed in the C:\Siemens\hiT7020 folder.

Fig. 6.13 Select Destination Location

4. Accept the default Start Menu folder location, and click <Next> to continue. (See Fig. 6.14)

Fig. 6.14 Select Start Menu Folder

5. In the <Select Additional Tasks> window, there are two options: A: <Create a desktop icon> and B: <Create a Quick Launch icon>. The default option is A, and both options may be selected. Click <Next> after the selection.

Fig. 6.15 Select Additional Tasks

6. After reviewing installation choices, click <Install> to proceed or <Back> to go back for making changes.

Fig. 6.16 Ready to Install

7.

The software will now be installed. (See Fig. 6.17)

Fig. 6.17 Installing

At any steps of 1-7 above, click <Cancel> and the <Exit Setup> window will be shown. (See 8. Fig. 6.18) Click <Yes> to exit setup. Click <No> to continue the installation.

Fig. 6.18 Exit Setup 9. To finish the installation, click <Finish>. It is recommended that do not select the option <Launch TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 3.1 LCT>.

Fig. 6.19 Completing Setup

6.3

Uninstallingthe LCTSoftwarePackage
1. Click <Start>, select <Programs>, select <TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT R3.1>, and click <Uninstall TNMS-M hiT7020 LCT R3.1>.

Fig. 6.20 Uninstall the Software from the Start Menu

2.

Select <Yes> to remove TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 R3.1 LCT. (See Fig. 6.21)

Fig. 6.21 Dialog Box of Confirming the Uninstall Process

3.

If <Yes> is selected, an <Uninstall Status> window will be shown. (Fig. 6.22)

Fig. 6.22 Uninstall Status

4. After the uninstalling complete, a confirmation window box will be shown. Click <OK> to finish the uninstall process. Some items could not be removed automatically, but can be removed manually from the installation folder (%SystemDrive%\Siemens\hiT7020 by default).

Fig. 6.23 Completing the Uninstall Process

7 Starting and Shutting down TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT


7.1 StartingTNMSM SURPASShiT 7020LCT
After the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT software is installed, there are two methods to start the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT: Option 1: If the <Create a desktop icon> option is selected during the installation process, a <TNMS-M SURPASS hiT7020 3.1 LCT> icon will be shown on Desktop. (See Fig. 7.1) Double-click the icon to start the LCT program.

Fig. 7.1 Desktop Icon

Option 2: Select <Start><Programs><TNMS-M SURPASS hiT7020 3.1 LCT>, and click the <TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 3.1 LCT> icon to start the LCT program. (See Fig. 7.2)

Fig. 7.2 Start LCT from Start Menu

Then the LCT program will start. During this process, a DOS window will be shown. (See Fig. 7.3) Select the users server IP which can communicate with the NE. (The user can run the IPCONFIG command in the Servers DOS window and will get Servers IP address.)

Fig. 7.3 Select Server IP

Note: I. II. If the Network adapter of the computer has more than one IP addresses, the LCT program will ask the user to set IP address. The users server IP address should be different from the server IP address of TNMS-M. If they use the same IP address, the LCT program cannot be started if TNMS-M is running.

Wait for a few seconds and the LCT login window will be shown. (See Fig. 7.4) Input LCTs Login Name, Password and NEs Node IP Address which can be communicated with. Then click <Connect>.

Fig. 7.4 LCT Login Window

For example, the user can login TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT using account: Login Name: root Password: public The password can be changed in the LCT program.

Note: I. The NE will disconnect from the LCT program when the NE is restarted. The LCT program will re-connect to the NE automatically after the NE is restarted. To connect manually, the user needs to wait at least 40s after the NE is restarted. The LCT program cannot connect to the NE which has been managed by the TNMS server launched on the same host.

II.

III. There is no READ/WRITE access control policy implemented between TNMS-M and the LCT program.

After successfully connecting to the NE, the LCT main window will be shown. (See Fig. 7.5)

Fig. 7.5 LCT Main Window

7.2

ShuttingDownTNMSM SURPASShiT 7020LCT


There are two methods to shut down TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT: Option 1: Click the <X> at top right of the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT main window. Option 2: Click <System><Exit>. A confirmation window will be shown. Click <Yes> to confirm the shutdown request.

8 Main Interface Features


8.1 MainWindow
The main window (See Fig. 8.1) consists of the following elements: Title Bar Main Menu Bar Work Area

Fig. 8.1 Main Window

8.1.1

Title Bar
The title bar is located at the top of the main window (See Fig. 8.1) The title bar contains: Leftmost, a special window symbol. The type designation of the network element.

8.1.2

MainMenuBar
The main menu bar is located at the top of the main window, below the title bar (See Fig. 8.1). It contains the main menu.

The drop-down menu items will be changed when different object (for example: an NE, a card, or a port) is selected in chassis view.

Before the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT is connected to the NE, the drop-down menu has only one button shown: <System>, which has four functions: <Connect>, <Change Password>, <About>, and <Exit>. System Connect ChangePassword About Exit Working with the software Allow t the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT to connect with NE Change current password of LCT Show the information about TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Close the main window of the NE application software, thus ending the session

After the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT is connected to the NE, the main menu bar shows seven drop-down menus: <System>, <Configuration>, <Fault>, <Performance & Statistics>, <Maintenance>, <Windows>, and <Help>. System Disconnect ChangePassword About AudioAlarmConfig Exit Configuration NE PropertyConfiguration CardPropertyConfiguration Working with the software Disconnect LCT from NE Change current password of LCT Show the information about TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Manage all audio alarm, including melody type and play times Close the main window of the NE application software, thus ending the session

Working with the NE configuration View and modify the properties of NE View and modify the properties of Card Note: Only when a card in chassis is highlighted, would this menu item be displayed Restart NE under the LCT system WarmRebootNE Restart NE and will cause traffic loss ColdRebootNE Close NE safely ShutdownNE SDHPort PropertyConfigurationView and modify the properties of SDH Port Note: Only when an SDH port in chassis is highlighted, would this menu item be displayed E1 Port PropertyConfiguration View and modify the properties of E1 Port Note: Only when an E1 port in chassis is highlighted, would this menu item be displayed View and modify all TP Properties TP Configuration

TP MultiplexingStructure CrossConnectManagement SynchronizationManagement NE TimeSetting SNCPManagement MSPManagement NE FTPConfiguration NE TrapDestinationConfigure NE SoftwareManagement NE MIBmanagement AlarmInhibit Configuration AlarmOut Configuration MDI/MDOConfiguration DCCTransparentConfiguration

View and modify the construction of TPs Manage all cross- connections in the NE Set and manage the timing references Set time zone and the time of NE Create and manage SNCP Create and manage MSP Set FTP server address Show and manage all IP addresses of PCs on which LCTs are running, current managed NE will send trap to all those LCT Update, backup, and switch NE software Manage NE database Set system alarm Set system alarm Set MDI/MDO

Configure DCC Transparent EmbeddedE1 DCCConfiguration Configure DCC channels NE ResourceUsageStatistics View the cards and ports in Mainboard and their usages; Data card is not listed Display the latest state of NEs RefreshChassis Synchronize a selected card SynchronizeCard Note: Only when a card in chassis is highlighted, would this menu item be displayed Configure OSI OSI Configuration Configure IP Route IP RouteConfiguration Manage OSPF OSPF Fault ActiveAlarms Events Managing Alarm Display current alarms occur on NE/Card/Port according to managed object selected currently Display all events about the operation Note: only when neither a card nor a port in chassis is highlighted, would this menu item be displayed Search and display alarms Search and display events Manage alarm type

AlarmSearch EventSearch AlarmTypeList Management

View the status of NE PerformanceandStatistics View and manage current SDH performance CurrentSDHPerformance View and manage history SDH performance HistorySDHPerformance View and manage current Ethernet performance CurrentEthernetStatistics Set Ethernet performance thresholds EthernetPMThresholds View and manage history Ethernet performance HistoryEthernetStatistics CurrentE1 Bit Slip Performance View and manage current E1 Bit Slip performance HistoryE1 Bit Slip Performance View and manage history E1 Bit Slip performance Maintenance LoopbackTest Management Working with the maintenance test Perform Loop-back test

LEDTest Windows SURPASShiT7020ChassisView MinimizeAll MaximizeAll Help OnlineHelp

Perform LED test Select the view for the open windows List of all the currently-open windows; the selected window (in the foreground) is indicated by the tick Minimizes all opened windows Maximizes all windows

Online help( in English) conforming to MS Windows Display the help topics in the form of the <Contents> and <Index> folders Tab. 8.1 Main Menu Structure

8.1.3

WorkArea
This range of the main window (See Fig. 8.1) shows all the windows which have just been opened. All windows within the work area can be opened or closed without the application software ending (function of Windows). In the Alarm Count area, all current alarm are collected and the number are listed by severity and category.

8.2

Submenus(with RightMouseButtonClick)
The menu sequence which is described here depends on the selected card.

8.2.1

MainBoardCard
After selecting the STM card or CC card, click right button.

CardPropertyConfiguration SynchronizeCard CrossConnectManagement SynchronizationManagement ActiveAlarms NE PropertyConfiguration RefreshChassis SynchronizeNE ChangeNE IP

Opens Card Properties window Opens Synchronize window Opens Cross Connection Management window Opens Timing Source Management window Opens Active Alarm window Opens NE Properties window Refresh the chassis view Synchronize NE Opens Configure NE IP window

8.2.2

EthernetCard
After selecting the Ethernet card, click right button.

CardPropertyConfiguration SynchronizeCard BridgeConfiguration LANPortsPropertyConfiguration WANPortsPropertyConfiguration VLANManagement EgressPriorityWeightConfig StaticMACAddressConfiguration ACLConfiguration GroupBroadcastConfiguration RSTPConfiguration ActiveAlarms ColdRebootCard

Opens Card Properties window Opens Synchronize window Opens Bridge Properties window Opens LAN Port Properties window Opens WAN Port Config window Opens VLAN Management window Configure Egress Priority Weight Opens Static MAC Address Config window Opens ACL Config window Opens Group Broadcast Config window Opens RSTP Property Configuration window Opens Active Alarms window Restart Card

9 NE Configuration and Management


Before performing actions on TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT, the LCT must be connected to an NE.

9.1

ChassisView
When TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT is connected to an NE, the NE Chassis view will be displayed, which shows the real-time status of the NE. (See Fig. 9.1)

Fig. 9.1 Chassis View

For example, when the second card from the right side in Fig. 9.1 is plugged in, the green <Active> warning will be marked on the card. If the card is pulled out, the red <Absent> warning will be marked on the card. In this view, the user can see a total representation of the current node status, including a graphical view of all the slots, the card functions, the card types, the status of individual ports, the power status, and other NE functions. The user can modify node properties in the configuration windows. The configuration windows can be opened from the main menu bar or the right-click menu of the chassis view. Select <Configuration><Refresh Chassis> to refresh the chassis view.

9.2

NE PropertyConfiguration
To open the <NE Configuration> window, select <Configuration> <NE Property Configuration> from the main menu. The <NE Properties> window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.2)

Fig. 9.2 NE Properties

Each item in the window is described in the following table. (See Tab. 9.1) Item NE Label Serial Number Location System Mode Description Version Contact IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Description This is used to distinguish different nodes The serial number of this node configured by the manufacturer The physical position of this node in real-life The current system mode of this node (which one cannot be modified from this window). The user uses this to field to input his/her own detailed description of this node The hardware version of this node. The contact or owner of this node The IP address of this node The subnet mask of this node The gateway of this node

Item Date/Time Card List

Description The current time on this node The simple information of all the cards on this node. The user can access the card configuration window by double-clicking the corresponding line in the table.

Tab. 9.1 NE Properties

The user can change the properties of a node, but modifications are completed only after the <Apply> button has been clicked. Click <OK> to confirm all the modifications and to quit the window. If some of the properties are changed, click the <Refresh> button to check the latest status of this node. Click <Print> to print the information of this node. Click <Cancel> to quit the window. All unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

9.3

ShuttingdownNE
From the main menu, select <Configuration><Shutdown NE> (See Fig. 9.3)

Fig. 9.3 Shutdown NE

Fig. 9.4 Shutdown Information

Click <Yes> to confirm shutting down this NE.

9.4

NE TimingSetting
Open the corresponding chassis view. From the main menu, select <Configuration><NE Time Setting>. An <NE Time Setting> window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.5)

Fig. 9.5 NE Time Settings

In the drop-down menu of <Network Time Protocol>, the protocol can be set <Enabled> or <Disabled>. Under <NE list (Active)>, select the corresponding NE whose time will be modified. In the drop-down menu of <Network Element Time>, the current time can be viewed manually. Click <Refresh> to check the latest information on setting time. Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications. Click <Close> to quit the window, all the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help

9.5

NE FTPConfiguration

The FTP Settings can get the latest software and data support from the FTP server. To perform NE software management, MIB management, the user needs to configure first the TNMS-M FTP setting as well as the FTP server. Use the following steps to apply FTP Settings: Select <Configuration><NE FTP Configuration> from the main menu. The <FTP Settings> window will be shown with the current FTP settings. (See Fig. 9.6)

Fig. 9.6 FTP Setting

To modify the current configuration in the <FTP Server Setting> section: Input the FTP servers IP address in the <FTP Server IP Address> field. Input the FTP username in the <UserName> field. Input the FTP user password in the <Password> field.

Note: Both of username and password are <pm> by default.

All the latest software and data of FTP server are stored in the <%Install_Drive%\ftproot> folder (%Install_Drive% specifies the drive letter of the hard disk drive containing the LCT program). For example, if the LCT program is installed in Drive C, the FTP root will be the <C:\ftproot> folder. (See Fig. 9.7)

Fig. 9.7 FTP Root

The data of the user <pm> will be stored in the corresponding folders under the < %Install_Drive%\ftproot\pm> folder. For example, the MIB files uploaded from the LCT program will be stored in the <%Install_Drive%\ftproot\pm\MibUpload> folder.

Click <Refresh> to update the current configuration. Click <Apply> to confirm the modification. Click <Close> to quit the window. All unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Note: The configuration of the FTP server should be the same as the real FTP server settings. Generally, the LCT server and the FTP server are on the same physical machine. The case that LCT server and FTP server are on different machine is also supported.

9.6

NE TrapDestinationConfiguration
Select <Configuration><NE Trap Destination Configure>. An <NE Trap Destination> window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.8)

Fig. 9.8 NE Trap Destination

The function of each button is described as follows: Click <Apply> to set a selection in the window. Click <Delete>, a confirmation window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.9) Click <Refresh> to update current NE Destination. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Fig. 9.9 Confirmation

9.7

DCCTransparentConfiguration
In the chassis view, select <Configuration><DCC Transparent Configuration>. The <DCC Transparent Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.10)

Fig. 9.10 DCC Transparency Configuration

In the <DCC Transparency> drop-down menu, select <MS Loopback> to enable loopback function or select <no Loopback> to disable loopback monitor. Click <Apply> to confirm the settings. Click <Close> to quit this dialog. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

9.8

EmbeddedE1 DCCConfiguration
In the chassis view, select <Configuration><Embedded E1 DCC Configuration>. The <Embedded E1 DCC Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.11)

Fig. 9.11 Embedded E1 DCC Configuration

In this window, two DCC channels can be configured. Select <Enabled> or <Disabled> in the DCC Channel dropdown menu to enable or disable this E1 DCC channel. Check corresponding card, port, CTP, and protocol in the drop-down menus.

Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Apply> to confirm the modification without closing the window. Click <OK> to confirm the modification if you want this window closed. Click <Close> to quit this dialog. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help

9.9

NE SoftwareManagement
Two software images can be stored in the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT, an active image and a backup image. Using the LCT, the user can download a TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 NE software image to the NE as the backup version from the FTP server or the user may switch software images between active and backup versions. NE software management is done by the steps below:

From the main menu, select <Configuration><NE Software Management>. The <NE Software Management> window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.12)

Fig. 9.12 NE Software Management

Each field in the window is described as follows. (See Tab. 9.2) Fields Active Software Version Backup Software Version State of Last Command Description The NE software version currently running The backup NE software version The last command status

Tab. 9.2 NE Software Management Window Field Description

Click <FTP Setting> to open the <FTP setting> window. (See Fig. 9.13)

Fig. 9.13 FTP Setting

Input the corresponding information in the <FTP Server IP Address>, <UserName>, and <Password> fields. Click <Refresh> to refresh the information. Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications. Click <Close> to quit the window. All unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

In the <NE Software Management> window, input the NE software file name on the FTP server in the <Software file name> field, and click <Download from FtpServer> to download the software image to the NE as the backup software version from the FTP server. Click <Switch> to switch the software images between the active version and the backup version. Click <Cancel> to close the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Refresh> to refresh the information. Click <Help> to launch the online help. In the <NE Software Management> window, input the NE software file name on the FTP server in the <Software file name> field, and click <Download from FtpServer> to download the software image to the NE as the backup software version from the FTP server. Click <Switch> to switch the software images between the active version and the backup version. After Switch process finished the <Result window> will pop-up to prompt users to cold reboot or warm reboot the NE. (See Fig. 9.14)

Fig. 9.14 NE Software Switch Result Windows

NOTE: System cold reboot (system initialization) takes 3 minutes to complete. It is suggested that no other operations (such as card insertion or pull-out, system power-on or poweroff) be performed during the system initialization. 2) System cold reboot will cause traffic hit. The traffic hit time is about 30 second, maximum 3 minutes. 3) System warm reboot process takes 2 minutes. It is suggested that no operations (such as card insertion or pull out, system power on or power off) be performed during system reboot. 4) Card reset will impact the traffic passing through this card. The traffic hit time is about 30 seconds (maximum 60 seconds). 1)

Click <Cancel> to close the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Refresh> to refresh the information. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Note: Make sure that the FTP server settings and the software image path are correctly configured before the operation is launched.

9.10

NE MIBManagement
The SURPASS hiT 7020 MIB consists of the internal databases/files in the NE that store all the NE configurations and runtime status information. There are two versions of MIB files stored in the NE: an active version and a backup version, all the MIB management functions can be performed by using the LCT. Following the steps below to perform MIB management: From the main menu, select <Configuration><NE MIB Management>. The <MIB Management> window will be shown. (See Fig. 9.15)

Fig. 9.15 MIB Management

Click <FTP Setting> to open the <FTP setting> window. (See Fig. 9.16)

Fig. 9.16 FTP Setting

Input the corresponding information in the <FTP Server IP Address>, <UserName>, and <Password> fields.

Note: Both of username and password are <pm> by default.

Click <Refresh> to refresh the information. Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications. Click <Close> to quit the window. All unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

In the <MIB Management> window, to upload the MIB files from the NE to the FTP server, input the directory in which the MIB files will be saved on the FTP server in the <MIB Backup Directory> field, and then click <Upload MIB>. To download the MIB files from the FTP server to the NE, input the directory in which the MIB files exist in the <MIB Backup Directory> field, and then click <Download MIB>. To activate the backup MIB version, click <Switch>. This operation will activate the backup MIB version.

When MIB switch is executed, the network management system reminds user to Warm reboot or Cold Reboot the system based on the system operation manual. The user should reboot the system immediately. Before system reboot (after the MIB is switched), any NE operation will not be saved into MIB; therefore, any operation before system reboot is invalid.

The <State of Last Command> field shows the state of the last command. Click <Refresh> to get the value of State of Last Command field.

10 SDH Configuration and Management


10.1 CardConfigurationand Management
In the chassis view, the card selected becomes framed in blue. There are two methods to open the card configuration window in chassis view: Right-click the card, select <Card Property Configuration>, or Select the card, and select <Configuration><Card Property Configuration> from the main menu.

A <Card Properties> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.1)

10.1.1

CardPropertiesConfiguration
A typical window for card properties is shown below:

Fig. 10.1 Card Properties

Each field in the window is described as follows. (See Tab. 10.1)

Fields Slot Number Card Function

Description The slot this card has been plugged into. The function of the card. The function of the card will also be showed in the chassis view, on the right top corner of this card, and in a floating window box after the mouse has been pointing on the card for a while. The type of the card, such as, STM-64, STM-16, STM-4, STM-1, UDC, GE, FE, MC, CC, etc. The current state of this card The serial number of this card This is used to distinguish different cards easily The version of the boot server The time, when the boot server started The version of this card. The threshold setting for the temperature alarm. When the temperature of this card is over the threshold, an alarm will be raised. When the temperature has fallen below the temperature clear threshold, the temperature alarm will be automatically cleared. The S code of this card

Card Type Card State Card Serial Number Card Label Boot Image Version Boot Image Date Hardware Version Temperature Threshold

Temperature Clear Threshold S Code

Port list The list of all ports on this card. Tab. 10.1 Card Properties Window Field Description

If any properties of a card have been modified, the <Apply> button must be used to validate these changes. And only after clicking this button, will the modification been completed. When viewing the card options and not changing properties of the card, click <Refresh> to check the latest status of the card. Click <Print> to print the information on this card. Click <Cancel> to quit the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

10.1.2

SynchronizingCard
Right-click the corresponding card in the chassis view and select <Synchronize Card>. Or choose the card and select <Configuration><Synchronize Card> from the main menu. A confirmation window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.2)

Fig. 10.2 Synchronize Card

Click <Yes> to start the synchronization process. Click <No> to cancel the synchronization process.

10.1.3

DeleteCard
When the card has an absent status, right-click it and select <Delete Card> in the pop-up menu. Then click <Yes> in the pop-up warning window to confirm the deletion command, or click <No> to cancel this operation.

10.1.4

ColdRebootCard
Right-click a card and select <Cold Reboot Card> in the pop-up menu, or highlight a card and select <Configuration><Cold Reboot Card>. Then click <Yes> in the pop-up warning window to confirm the command, or click <No> to cancel this operation.

10.1.5

WarmRebootCard
Right-click a card and select <Warm Reboot Card> in the pop-up menu, or highlight a card and select <Configuration><Warm Reboot Card>. Then click <Yes> in the pop-up warning window to confirm the command, or click <No> to cancel this operation.

10.2

SDHPort Configurationand Management


There are three ways to open the <SDH Port Configuration> window: In the Chassis View, choose the corresponding port. Right-click, and select <SDH Port Property Configuration>. Choose the corresponding port, and select <Configuration><SDH Port Property Configuration> from the main menu. Open the port configuration in the <Card Properties> window, and double-click the line of the port to view or configure in the <Port List>.

The <SDH Port Properties> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.3)

Fig. 10.3 SDH Port Properties

There are two parts in this window: <Port Configuration> and <Port Status>. Each parameter in this window is described below. Generally, the user can only change some parameters in the Port Configuration part.

10.2.1

Port Configuration
Fields Port Type Port Label Descriptions This identifies the type of port A user can change this field to distinguish among ports

Port Mode

There are three modes: Auto mode: The system decides the optimum mode for this port. Monitor mode: When an alarm is generated from this card, it will be automatically reported to the alarm management. Non-monitor mode: No matter how many alarms are generated from this card, none of them will be reported.

Port Admin Mode

There are two Port Admin Modes: Enable (connected), or Disable (unconnected)

Auto Laser Shutdown

<Yes< means the laser transmitter will shutdown automatically when the laser receiver detects loss of signal. DCC (Data Communication Channel) is a management and communication channel carried in the SDH frames. Choosing MS-DCC or RS-DCC means that the DCC has been launched, and Off means that DCC is shutdown or unavailable. There are three port DCC protocols can be chosen: HDLC, PPP, and OSI.

Port DCC Mode

Port DCC Protocol Tab. 10.2 Port Configuration

10.2.2

Port Status
This section displays the SDH port current status. (See Tab. 10.3) Fields Operating Status Laser Bias Current Received Laser Power Transmitted Laser Power Descriptions The port status whether it is under operation or not. Value of the laser bias current Optical power received through this port. (If the power is low, for example less than -40dBm, the sensor will not show its real number but will show <<-40< as the picture above indicates) Optical power transmitted out from this port. (If the power is low, for example less than -40dBm, the sensor will not show its real number but show <<-40< as the picture above indicates)

Laser Temperature Temperature of the laser Tab. 10.3 Port Status

If any properties of the port have been changed, click <Apply> to confirm them. Only after clicking this button have the modifications been completed. If no changes are planned as the card has been inspected, click <Refresh> to check the latest status of the port.

Click <Print> to print the information of this port. Click <Close> to quit the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

10.3

E1 Port ConfigurationandManagement
There are three ways to open the <E1 Port Configuration> window: In the Chassis View, choose the corresponding port. Right-click, and select <E1 Port Property Configuration>. Choose the corresponding port, and select <Configuration><E1 Port Property Configuration> from the main menu. Open the port configuration in the <Card Properties> window, and doubleclick the line of the port to view or configure in the <Port List>.

The <E1 Port Properties> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.4)

Fig. 10.4 E1 Port Properties

<Monitor Mode> Can be set as auto, monitored, or non-monitored. <Port Admin Mode> Can be set as Enabled, or Disabled. Click <Refresh> to check the real-time E1 port properties. Click <Apply> to accept modifications in the window. Click <OK> to confirm changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications.

Click <Print> to print the information of the E1 Port. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

10.4

CrossConnectManagement
To manage all cross-connection in the NE, open the <Cross-Connect Management> window, there are two methods to open this window: 1. 2. Select <Configuration><Cross-Connect Management> from the main menu. Right-click the cross-connect device card in the chassis view and select <CrossConnection Management> in the pop-up menu.

The <Cross-Connect Management> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.5)

Fig. 10.5 Cross-Connect Management

Use this window to query, add, or delete cross-connection.

10.4.1

QueryingCurrentCrossConnection
Usually there are many Cross-Connections established within one NE. TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT provides a method of easily viewing them by providing a Query function. Input querying parameters There are several selectable parameters to restrict the range of Cross-Connect, including <A/Z Card> (<A/Z Port>), <Z Card> (<Z Port>), <Capacity>, <Circuit Label>, <Direction>, and <Type>. Select these parameters from the drop-down menus to find the Cross-Connect of interest, i.e. the target Cross-Connect. After choosing a specific Source Card or Sink Card, manually choose the port to restrict the Cross-Connect to a more limited range.

Input a specific Circuit Label to go to those Cross-Connections directly. Click <Query> to view all Cross-Connections which satisfy the chosen conditions. When the mouse moves to a Cross-Connection, the tool tips feature will be shown. Click <Print> to print the information. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

10.4.2

Addinga NewCrossConnection
Click <Create> to add a Cross-Connection; a <Create Cross-Connect> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.6)

Fig. 10.6 Create Cross-Connect

Choose the Cards and Ports between which a Cross-Connection is to be created; all available TPs (See Fig. 10.6) will be listed. Click <SortByTributary> to sort the TPs in the list by tributary, and then button will be changed to <SortByTimeslot>.

Click <SortByTimeslot> to sort the TPs in the list by timeslot, and then the button will be changed to <SortByTributary>. Choose the source and the destination TPs, and click <Apply>. The <Apply> and <OK> buttons can only be used if two available ports have been selected. Click <Apply> to confirm the addition without closing the window and allowing additional cross-connections to be made. Click <OK> to confirm the changes and close the window. Click <Cancel> to exit the <Create Cross-Connect> window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

10.4.3

Deletinga Connection
In the <Cross-Connect Management> window, the user can selectively delete crossconnections. Click <Delete>, a warning window will be shown.

Fig. 10.7 Confirming for Deleting the Selected Cross-Connections

Click <Yes> to confirm the deletion. Click <No> to cancel the deletion.

10.5
10.5.1

TerminalPoint Configurationand Management


QueryingCurrentTerminalPoint
Select <Configuration><TP Configuration>. The <TP Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.8)

Fig. 10.8 TP Configuration (View 1 - As Presented)

Select the card and port to be checked, or select All Cards or All Ports to check all the TPs on cards and ports. Click <Query> to check the TPs. (See Fig. 10.9)

Fig. 10.9 TP Configuration (View 2 - Engaged)

Select and view the TP to be modified and make desired changes to TP properties. The properties of this TP will be showed in the right panel. Every parameter is described in the table below. Fields TP Alarm Mon TIM Enable TI Trans Mode TI Rec Mode Transmitted TI Accepted TI Expected TI SL Enabled Transmitted SL Accepted SL Expected SL DEG Enable DEG Threshold EXC Enable Descriptions Can be set as Monitored or Non-Monitored Can be set as permitted or prohibited Can be set as 16-byte, Fixed 1-byte, Provisioned 1-byte Can be set as 16-byte, Fixed 1-byte, or provisioned 1-byte Shows the transmitted TI Shows the accepted TI, cannot be changed Shows the expected TI Can be set as Yes or No Shows the transmitted SL Shows the accepted SL Can be set to various values. Can be set as permitted or prohibited. The value can be set between 10exp(-5) and 10exp(-9) Can be set as permitted or prohibited.

EXC Threshold The value can be set between 10exp(-3) and 10exp(-5) Tab. 10.4 TP Management Parameters

If any TP properties have been changed, the <Apply> button will be presented enabling its use. Only after clicking the <Apply> button will the modifications be completed. Click <Print> to send the TP information to a file or a printer. Click <Close> to quit the window. All unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

10.5.2

TerminalPoint Mapping
To open TP mapping, select <Configuration><TP Multiplexing Structure>. The <TP Multiplexing Structure> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.10)

Fig. 10.10 TP Multiplexing Structure Query

Select the corresponding Card and Port. Then click <Query> to view the TP Mapping for the selected port. (See Fig. 10.11)

Fig. 10.11 TP Multiplexing Structure, View 1

Click the circle with a horizontal line to expand the tree, Click the circle with the vertical line to collapse the tree. Use a right-click on the point and choose <Expand> to open only this branch or <Expand All> to open all the branches including the sub-branches. (See Fig. 10.12)

Fig. 10.12 TP Multiplexing Structure, View 2 The point color indicates its status: blue color indicates that this point is vacant and the brown color indicates it is occupied. If the TP is unused, it can be mapped by highlighting and right-clicking the point. (See Fig. 10.13)

Fig. 10.13 Modify Mapping After modifications of all the mappings are finished, click <Apply> to confirm the modification. To check the real-time mapping information, clicking the <Query> button at anytime. Click <Cancel> to exit the <TP Multiplexing Structure> window.

There is no tributary channel numbering present. The displaying rule for KLM in LCT(based on timeslot) is compliant with ITU-T G.707 standard. LCT has supported sorting according to tributary (and it is the default displayed mode), and there is KLM value. Operator can find the relationship between the timeslot number (TS#) and tributary number (Trib#) according to table listed below.
TU-3 TU-12 TS# Trib# TU-3 TU-12 TS# Trib# TU-3 TU-12 TS# Trib#

100

111 112 113

1 22 43 64

1 2 3

200

211 212 213

2 23 44 65

22 23 24

300

311 312 313

3 24 45 66

43 44 45

121 122 123

4 25 46 67

4 5 6

221 222 223

5 26 47 68

25 26 27

321 322 323

6 27 48 69

46 47 48

131 132 133

7 28 49 70

7 8 9

231 232 233

8 29 50 71

28 29 30

331 332 333

9 30 51 72

49 50 51

141 142 143

10 31 52 73

10 11 12

241 242 243

11 32 53 74

31 32 33

341 342 343

12 33 54 75

52 53 54

151 152 153

13 34 55 76

13 14 15

251 252 253

14 35 56 77

34 35 36

351 352 353

15 36 57 78

55 56 57

161 162 163

16 37 58 79

16 17 18

261 262 263

17 38 59 80

37 38 39

361 362 363

18 39 60 81

58 59 60

171 172 173

19 40 61 82

19 20 21

271 272 273

20 41 62 83

40 41 42

371 372 373

21 42 63 84

61 62 63

Tab. 10.5 Tributary(Trib#) to KLM to Timeslot(TS#) Numbers Mapping

10.6

SynchronizationManagement
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT supports multiple timing references. Each reference can be configured as an STM-N, TimeIN1, and TimeIN2. Each of the references has 4 levels of priority. Right-click the CC Card, and select <Synchronization Management>, or Select <Configuration><Synchronization Management> A <Synchronization Management> window, with the Timing Source of the NE will be shown. (See Fig. 10.14)

Fig. 10.14 Synchronization Management, Timing Source of NE

10.6.1

GlobalSettings
Click <GlobalSettings> to open the global settings of the Timing Source Management. (See Fig. 10.15)

Fig. 10.15 Global Settings

<QL Mode> enables quality level available or not. Select <Enabled> in the drop-down menu. When <Enabled> is selected in the <QL Mode> drop-down menu, the <Expected_QL> menu will be available. Choose <PRC(02)>, <SSU-A(04)>, <SSU-B(08)>, or SEC(00B)> from the drop-down menu.

Click <Refresh> to check the real-time status. Click <Apply> to accept modifications. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the Online Help.

10.6.2

Configuringthe SystemClock
To configure the system clock, click <System Clock>. (See Fig. 10.14) The <System Clock> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.16)

Fig. 10.16 System Clock, Switching Timing Sources

<The Current Reference>, <The SystemClock State>, and <Last External Switch Request> show the current timing status and configuration. The <Operation Mode> field indicates the current operation mode of this NE, including: <Freerunning> When Synchronization Supply Units and SDH equipment clocks cannot access stored data, or have never had a reference input, they use their own internal clocks to generate the synchronization signal until the network is restored.

<Holdover> When the quality of the synchronization inputs falls below accepted levels, Synchronization Supply Units and SDH equipment clocks first use stored data to control phase and frequency variations. <AutoSelection> The clock has its frequency phase locked to an input reference signal. Select one of the three options in the <Operation Mode> field, and then click <SetMode> to change the mode. When <AutoSelection> is selected, modify the <Request> and <Reference> settings if <Force> or <Manual> in <Request> has been selected. Click <Switch> to confirm the changes. If the <Request> state is <Clear>, the <Reference> option will be grayed out. Click <Close> to quit the window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

10.6.3

Configuringthe Reference
Use the <Synchronization Management> window (See Fig. 10.14) to configure the time reference. Double-click the corresponding time reference, and a <Timing Source Reference Properties> window will be shown. (See Fig. 10.17)

Fig. 10.17 Timing Source Reference Properties

In the <Timing Source Reference Properties> window, the current status of the selected timing source is shown. Check <Lockout> to keep the reference valid.

Check <Monitored> to monitor the reference. Select the corresponding <Priority> from 1 (the highest priority) to 12 (the lowest priority). Select <QL Provisioned Mode> in the drop-down menu; options include <Auto> or <Provisioning> modes. In the <Auto> mode, the QL cannot be changed, while in the <Provisioning> mode, the QL can be set to a given value. When setting the <QL Provisioned Mode> to <Provisioning>, select the desired quality level in the drop-down menu of <QL (Quality Level)>. The QL levels include: PRC (Primary Reference Clock): A reference frequency standard comprising an ensemble of PRS that provide a reference frequency signal compliant with ITU G.811 or ETSI EN 300 462-6-1. The free run accuracy of PRC must be 10-11. SSU-A (Quality Level - SSU Transit): One of the SSM codes. This indicates that the clock source is traceable to a transit node SSU and should be indicated using a '0100' code. SSU-B (Quality Level - SSU Local): One of the SSM codes. This indicates that the clock source is traceable to a local node SSU and should be indicated using a '1000' code. SEC (Quality Level SEC): One of the SSM codes. This indicates that the clock source is traceable to an SEC and should be indicated using a '1011' code. DNU (Quality Level - Do Not Use): One of the SSM codes. <Do Not Use for Synchronization< code is used to prevent timing loops and is transmitted in the opposite direction on interfaces used to synchronize equipments clock denoted by <1111>. Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving.

11 Ethernet Configuration and Management


11.1 BridgeConfiguration
To configure Bridge Configuration: Open Chassis View, right-click the corresponding Ethernet card and select <Bridge Configuration> in pop-up menu. The <Bridge Properties> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.1)

Fig. 11.1 Bridge Properties

The <Bridge Properties> section can display the current NE, Card name, and the status of the bridge in corresponding items. Click the drop-down menu of <Bridge Mode> to select one type of tag needed. Input a label to help identify this bridge. Below this window, there are two tables, which list all LAN and WAN ports. Click the tab to change the table between them. After selecting one port, double-click it to see more detail information about this port. Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Apply> to confirm the modification without closing the window. Click <OK> to confirm the modification if the user wants this window closed. Click <Cancel> to quit the window. All unsaved changes will be lost.

Click <Print> to print the information of the bridges. Click< Help> to launch the online help.

11.2

LANCardConfigurationand Management
LAN card configuration and management is similar to SDH card configuration and management. To open the <LAN Port Config> window, follow the steps below: Select the corresponding Ethernet card. To open the <LAN Port Config> window without a specific port defined: Right-click the card, and select <LAN Ports Property Configuration>. To open the <LAN Port Config> window with a specific port defined: Select the corresponding port in the Ethernet card, right-click on it, and select <LAN Ports Property Configuration>. The <LAN Port Config> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.2)

Fig. 11.2 LAN Port Configuration

11.2.1

LANPort Properties
<Monitored Mode> Can be set as <Auto>, <Monitor>, or <Non-Monitor>. <Admin Mode> Can be set as <Enabled> or <Disabled>. <Egress Tag Mode> Can be set as <Untag> or <Tag>. Choose <BRL Enable> to make the BRL available. In the <Auto-Negotiation Parameter> section, if <Enabled> is selected in the <AutoNegotiation> field, the other three parameters will be grayed out. If <Disabled> is selected, set these three parameters manually. Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Apply> to confirm the modification without closing the window. Click <OK> to confirm the modification and close the window. Click <Cancel> to quit the window. All the unsaved changes will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

11.2.2

VLANRateLimiting
In the <Lan Port Config> window (See Fig. 11.3), in the <Input Rate Limiting> section, choose <Applied> and then click <Rate Limit Config> . The <Rate Limit Config> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.3)

Fig. 11.3 Rate Limit Config The Rate Limit can be chosen from 64kbps to 2048kbps step by 64k. If mbps is used as the unit, the Rate Limit can be chosen from 2 mbps to 100 mbps step by 1mbps. Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications and continue adding VLAN Rate Limit. Click <OK> to confirm the modifications and quit this window. Click <Close> to quit this window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

11.2.3

CoSConfiguration
In the <LAN Port Config> window (See Fig. 11.2), click <Change CoS>, a new window of <Change CoS> will be shown. (See Fig. 11.4)

Fig. 11.4 Change Cos

There are four classes can be set, which are <Lowest>, <Low>, <High>, and <Highest>. Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications. Click <OK> to confirm the modifications and quit this window. Click <Close> to quit this window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

11.3

WANPort Configuration
To configure WAN Ports, select the corresponding Ethernet card. Right-click the card and select <Wan Ports Property Configuration>, the <WAN Port Config> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.5)

Fig. 11.5 WAN Port Configuration

Select the port to modify in the <Port> drop-down menu. The settings of the <Properties> and <Ingress Cos Config> sections in this window are the same as that in the <LAN Port Config> window. In <Bandwidth Management>, enable or disable LCAS and then click <Bandwidth Management> for detailed settings. (See Fig. 11.6)

Fig. 11.6 Bandwidth Configuration

For example, to set bandwidth to 4Mb, choose VC12-1 and VC12-2 (Other AUGs can be chosen from the left table) by clicking <>. Click <Apply> to confirm the modification without closing the window. Click <OK> to confirm the modification with this window closed. Click <Close> to quit the window. All the unsaved changes will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

11.4

VLANManagement

Select the corresponding Ethernet card, right-click, and select <VLAN Management>. A new window of <VLAN Management> will be shown. (See Fig. 11.7) In the <Query Condition> section, fill in the conditions as needed.

Fig. 11.7 VLAN Management

Click <Query>, all VLANs based on the query conditions will show in the list. Choose one VLAN record, by clicking <VLAN Config>, a new window will be shown which will enable the VLAN record to be modified. (See Fig. 11.8) Click <Delete>, to delete the VLAN selected. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Fig. 11.8 Modify VLAN Based on VLAN

Use the <Based on VLAN> tab to reset VLAN ID and VLAN Name, and to select ports. Click <Apply> to set modifications in the window. Click <OK> to confirm changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Use the <Based on Ports> tab to modify the VLAN List. (See Fig. 11.9)

Fig. 11.9 Modify VLAN Based on Ports

Select the Port in the drop-down menu and enter the number in the <VLAN List> field. Click <Apply> to set modifications in the window. Click <OK> to confirm changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

11.5

PriorityAlgorithmConfiguration
Select the corresponding Ethernet card, right-click, and select <Egress Priority Weight Config>. A new window of <Egress Priority Weight Config> will be shown. (See Fig. 11.10)

Fig. 11.10 Egress Priority Weight Config

<Algorithm> Can be set as <wRR> (weighted round robin) or <Strictly> (strict priority). Set <Algorithm> as <wRR> and click <Egress Priority Weight Config> to enter the <Egress Priority Weight Config> window. (See Fig. 11.11)

Fig. 11.11 Output Priority Algorithm Configuration

Click <Modify> to modify the Priority Weight in a new window. Click <Refresh> to check the Priority Weight. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

For example, to modify one Priority Weight, choose it and click <Modify>, the <Modify Priority Weight> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.12) Fill in the Priority Weight desired and click <Apply>.

Fig. 11.12 Modify Priority Weight

11.6

StaticMACAddressConfiguration
To configure Static MAC Address, select the corresponding Ethernet card. Right-click and click <Static MAC Address Configuration>. The <Static MAC Address Config> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.13) The VLAN Ids and Ports of all the MAC Addresses will be listed in this window.

Fig. 11.13 Static MAC Address Configuration

Select the corresponding MAC; click <Delete> to delete existing MAC. To add a new MAC Address, click <Add>. An <Add MAC Address> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.14)

Fig. 11.14 Add MAC Address

Input the <MAC Address>. Input the <VLAN ID> and select the corresponding port in the drop-down menu. Click <Apply> to confirm the action and continue adding other MAC Address. Click <OK> to confirm the action and close the window. Click <Close> to quit the window, all unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

11.7

ACLConfiguration
ACL (Access Control List) is used to manage MAC addresses. Select the corresponding Ethernet card, right-click, and select <ACL Configuration>. A new window of <ACL Config> will be shown. (See Fig. 11.15)

Fig. 11.15 ACL Config

Click <Add>, a new window will be shown and new ACL may be added in it. (See Fig. 11.16) Click <Delete>, the chosen ACL will immediately be deleted. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Fig. 11.16 Add ACL

11.8

GroupBroadcastConfiguration
To configure Group Broadcast, select the corresponding Ethernet card, right-click it, and select <Group Broadcast Configuration>. The <Group Broadcast Config> window will be shown. All MAC Addresses and Port Settings will be listed in this window. (See Fig. 11.17)

Fig. 11.17 Group Broadcast Configuration

To delete a MAC Address, select the corresponding MAC and click <Delete>. To add a new MAC Address, click <Add>. A new <Add GroupBroadcast> window will be shown. (See Fig. 11.18)

Fig. 11.18 Add MAC Address

Input the MAC Address. Select the port in the <Available Ports> panel, and click the ==> button, to add it to the <Selected Ports> panel. Click <Apply> to confirm the action and continue adding other MAC Addresses. Click <OK> to confirm the action and close the window. Click <Close> to quit the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

11.9

RSTPConfiguration
Select the corresponding Ethernet card, right-click, and select <RSTP Configuration>. A new window, <RSTP Properties Configuration>, will be shown. (See Fig. 11.19)

Fig. 11.19 RSTP Properties Configuration

In the window, modify the Max Age, Switch Priority, Forward Delay, and Hello Time options. Click <Refresh> to check the real-time port RSTP properties. Click <Apply> to set modifications in the window. Click <OK> to confirm changes and quit the window. Click <Cancel> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Print> to print the information of RSTP Properties. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Double-click a row to view the port RSTP properties. (See Fig. 11.20)

Fig. 11.20 Port RSTP Configuration

In the window, modify Port Priority, Path Cost, and Disable or Enable Port.

12 Protection Management
SURPASS hiT 7020 supports SNCP and MSP management.

12.1

SNCPManagement
To open the <SNCP Management> window, select <Configuration><SNCP Management> from the main menu. A new <SNCP Management> window will be shown. (See Fig. 12.1)

Fig. 12.1 SNCP Management

12.1.1

Viewingand ModifyingSNCP
The <Conditions> section in the <SNCP Management> window allows setting the conditions of querying to searching SNCP database. The querying conditions include <Label>, <Card>, <Port>, <Capacity>, and <Direction>. Type in the Label of the SNCP to be searched; for the other parameters (Capacity, Card, Direction, and Port), use the drop-down menus provided to set parameters. Click <Query> to start searching the database. The results will be displayed as shown in the table below. The SNCPs and their properties will be displayed in the table. Double-click an SNCP or select one SNCP then click <View/Modify> to view and modify it. (See Fig. 12.2)

Fig. 12.2 SNCP Properties

The SNCP Properties supported are listed in Tab. 12.1. Items Description Capacity The transmission capacity. It cannot be modified in the View/Modify window Direction The transmission direction. It cannot be modified in the View/Modify window. Restore Mode The restore mode of this protection plan which includes Revertive and No Revertive. Wait To Restore Time The time interval waited for restore. This number must be between 60 and 720. Label A label chosen by the user to help the user remember SNCPs conveniently Hold off Time The time to hold off. This time must be between 0 and 100. Tab. 12.1 SNCP Properties

<Source/Destination TP> denotes the SNCP source/destination TP.

<Working TP> Select the current working TP, including its working card, port, and TP. This cannot be modified in the View/Modify window. <Protection TP> Select the protection TP, including its protecting card, port, and TP. This cannot be modified in View/Modify window. Click <Apply> to submit the modifications. Click <Create CC> CC to create a new CC. (See Fig. 12.3) Click <Close> to quit window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Fig. 12.3 Create Cross-Connect

12.1.2

CreatingSNCP
In the <SNCP Management> window click <Create> to create a new SNCP. (See Fig. 12.4)

Fig. 12.4 Create SNCP

12.1.3

DeletingSNCP
In the <SNCP Management> window click <Delete> to delete the selected SNCP. (See Fig. 12.5)

Fig. 12.5 Delete SNCP

12.1.4

SwitchingSNCP
Click <Switch> in the <SNCP Management> window to switch SNCP. The <SNCP Switch> window will be shown (See Fig. 12.6)

Fig. 12.6 SNCP Switch

Select a command in <Command List>: Clear, LockOut, Force Switch to Protection, Force Switch to Working, Manual Switch to Protection, and Manual Switch to Working. Click <Refresh> to check the latest information.

Click <Apply> to start switch. Click <Close> to quit the window. All unsaved modifications will be lost.

12.2

MSPManagement
To open the <MSP management> window: From the main menu, select <Configuration><MSP Management>. A new <MSP Management> window will be shown. (See Fig. 12.7)

Fig. 12.7 MSP Management

Input conditions in the text boxes, including: <Group Id> and <Label>. Select options in the drop-down menus, including: <Switch Direction>, <Operation Mode>, and <Card>. Click <Refresh> to query the MS protection. Click <Query> to query the MS protection. Click <Property> to check the result. (See Fig. 12.8) Click <Close> to quit the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Fig. 12.8 MSP Property

The <MSP Property> window includes the following properties: <Protection Group ID>, <Protection Group Label>, <Work Card>, <Work Port>, <Protect Card>, <Protect Port>, <Protection Type>, <Switch Direction>, <Operation Mode>, and <Wait to Restore>.

In the <MSP Management> window, select one MSP, and click <Commands> to start the operation. The <External Commands> window will be shown. (See Fig. 12.9)

Fig. 12.9 External Commands

The <Local MSP Status> section includes: <Current Working MS>, <Work MS>, <Protect MS>, <The Current Request>, <Last Command Result>, and <Switch Reason>. In the <Commands> drop-down menu, select one command and click <Apply> to operate this command. This window will not be closed. Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <OK> to operate this command and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

In the <MSP Management> window, click <Create> to create a new protection. A <Create Linear Multiplex Section Protection Group> window will be shown. (See Fig. 12.10)

Fig. 12.10 Create Linear Multiplex Section Protection Group

Input <Protection Group Label> and <Wait To Restore> in the corresponding fields and select the options in the drop-down menus. Click <OK> to create MS Protection and close this window. Click <Close> to quit the window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

In the <MSP Management> window, Click <Delete> to delete the selected protection. Click <Print> to print the information of the selected protection. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13 Routing and Protocol Configuration


13.1
13.1.1

IP RouteConfiguration
IP Interface
Select <Configuration><IP Route Configuration><IP Interface> and the <IP Interface> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.1) The IP Interface parameters about the NE will be list in the <IP Interface> table. Meantime, every parameter is list below.

Fig. 13.1 IP Interface

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <Ifindex>: A unique number (greater than zero) that identifies each interface for SNMP identification of that interface. <Description>: a brief description of the IP Interface <Type>: the type of the IP Interface <MTU >: the maximum long of frame <Speed>: the speed of the IP Interface <Phys Address>: the physical address of the IP Interface <Admin Status>: the IP interfaces administrative status. The value formed on the interface, and the interface will be advertised as an internal route to some area. <Operation Status>: the IP interfaces operation status.

Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.1.2

IP StaticRoute
Select <Configuration><IP Route Configuration><IP Static Route> and the <IP Static Route> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.2) The IP static routes parameters about the NE will be list in the <IP Static Routes> table. Meantime, every parameter is list below.

Fig. 13.2 IP Static Route

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <Destination>: the destination IP address <Mask>: IP mask of the IP static routes <Protocol>: the protocol of the IP static routes <Ifindex>: A unique number (greater than zero) that identifies each interface for SNMP identification of that interface. <NextHop>: the NextHop of the IP static routes <Admin Status>: the administrative status of the IP static routes. The value formed on the interface, and the interface will be advertised as an internal route to some area. <Operation Status>: the operation status of the IP static routes. <Metric Type>: the metric type of the IP static routes <Cost>: the cost of the IP static routes

Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Choose an IP static route in the table, and click <Edit> to edit the selected IP static route. (See Fig. 13.3)

Fig. 13.3 Edit IP Static Route

Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications. Click <Cancel> to close the window without saving the modifications. Click <Add> in the <IP Static Route> window to add a new IP static route. (See Fig. 13.4)

Fig. 13.4 Add IP Static Route

Click <Apply> to confirm the modifications. Click <Cancel> to close the window without saving the modifications.

13.1.3

IP RoutingTable
Select <Configuration><IP Route Configuration><IP Routing Table> and the <IP Routing Table> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.5) The IP routing table parameters about the NE will be list in the <IP Routing Table>. Meantime, every parameter is list below.

Fig. 13.5 IP Routing Table

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <Destination>: the destination IP routing tabl <Mask>: IP mask of the IP routing table <Protocol>: the protocol of the IP routing table <Ifindex>: A unique number (greater than zero) that identifies each interface for SNMP identification of that interface. <NextHop>: the NextHop of the IP routing table <Type>: the type of the IP routing table <Age>: the age of the link state advertisement in seconds. <Metric>: the metrics of the IP routing table Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.2

OSPF
The OSPF submenu provides an entrance to manage and query parameters about OSPF. (See Fig. 13.6)

Note: Before configuring the parameters about OSPF, the PPP protocol for that DCC port must be selected firstly.

Fig. 13.6 OSPF Submenu

13.2.1

OSPFGeneral
Select <Configuration><OSPF><OSPF General> from the main menu. The <OSPF General> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.7) In this window the user can find some basic OSPF information about the NE.

The OSPF general parameters about the NE will be list in the <OSPF General Info> field. All parameters are list in the <OSPF General> field respectively.

Fig. 13.7 OSPF General

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <Router ID>: A 32-bit integer uniquely identifying the router in the Autonomous System. <Admin Status>: The administrative status of OSPF in the router. The value <enabled> denotes that the OSPF Process is active on at least one interface; <disabled> disables it on all interfaces. <Version Number>: The current version number of the OSPF protocol is 2. <Area Border Router>: A flag to note whether this router is an area border router. <AS Border Router>: A flag to note whether this router is configured as an Autonomous System border router. <Extern LSA Count>: The number of external link-state advertisements in the linkstate database. <Extern LSA Cksum Sum>: The 32-bit unsigned sum of the LS checksums of the external link-state advertisements contained in the link-state database. This sum can be used to determine if there has been a change in a router's link state database, and to compare the link-state database of two routers. <TOS Support>: the router's support for type-of-service routing. <Originate New LSAs>: The number of new link-state advertisements that have been originated. This number is incremented each time the router originates a new LSA. <Rx New LSAs>: the number of link-state advertisements received determined to be new instantiations. This number does not include newer instantiations of self-originated link-state advertisements. <Ext LSDB Limit>: The maximum number of non-default AS-external-LSAs entries that can be stored in the link-state database. If the value is -1, then there is no limit.

<Multicast Extensions>: A Bit Mask indicating whether the router is forwarding IP multicast (Class D) datagrams based on the algorithms defined in the Multicast Extensions to OSPF. Bit 0, if set, indicates that the router can forward IP multicast datagrams in the router's directly attached areas (called intra-area multicast routing). Bit 1, if set, indicates that the router can forward IP multicast datagrams between OSPF areas (called inter-area multicast routing). Bit 2, if set, indicates that the router can forward IP multicast datagrams between Autonomous Systems (called inter-AS multicast routing). <Exit Overflow Interval>: The number of seconds that, after entering OverflowState, a router will attempt to leave OverflowState. This allows the router to again originate non-default ASexternal-LSAs. When set to 0, the router will not leave OverflowState until restarted. It will not be supported. <Demand Extensions>: The router's support for demand routing Click <Refresh> to check the latest data. Click <Edit> to change <Router ID>, <Admin Status>, <AS Route Border>, and < Ext LSDB Limit>. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.2.2

OSPFAreas
The OSPF Areas data contains information regarding the various areas. The interfaces and virtual links are configured as part of these areas. Select <Configuration><OSPF><OSPF Areas> and the <OSPF Area> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.8) The OSPF Areas parameters about the NE will be list in the <OSPF Aeras> table. Meantime, the parameters are listed below.

Fig. 13.8 OSPF Area

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <Area ID>: A 32-bit integer uniquely identifying an area. Area ID 0.0.0.0 is used for the OSPF backbone. <Auth Type>: The authentication type specified for an area. Additional authentication types may be assigned locally on a per Area basis. <Import as Extern>: The area's support for importing AS external link-state advertisements. The available values have importExternal (1), importNoExternal (2), and importNssa (3). <SPF Runs>: The number of times that the intra-area route table has been calculated using this area's link-state database. <Area Border Router Count>: the total number of area border routers reachable within this area. This is initially zero, and is calculated in each SPF Pass. <AS Border Router Count>: the total number of Autonomous System border routers reachable within this area. This is initially zero, and is calculated in each SPF Pass. <Area LSA Count>: The total number of link-state advertisements in this areas link-state database, excluding AS External LSA's. <Area LSA Cksum Sum>: The 32-bit unsigned sum of the link-state advertisements LS checksums contained in this area's link-state database. This sum excludes external (LS type 5) link-state advertisements. The sum can be used to determine if there has been a change in a router's link state database, and to compare the link state database of two routers. <Area Summary>: controls the import of summary LSAs into stub areas. It has no effect on other areas. If it is <noAreaSummary>, the router will neither originate nor propagate summary LSAs into the stub area. It will rely entirely on its default route. If it is <sendAreaSummary>, the router will both summarize and propagate summary LSAs. Click <Add> to create a new OSPF area on this NE. Input <Area ID> and select value of <Auth Type>, <Import AS External> and <Area Summary> in the drop-down menus. Other parameters value is set automatically. (See Fig. 13.9)

Fig. 13.9 Add OSPF Area

Click <Apply> to add this OSPF area. Click <Cancel> to give up adding this area.

In the <OSPF Area> window, click <Edit> to configure the OSPF areas on the NE provided that there are one or more OSPF Area records in current window. (See Fig. 13.10)

Fig. 13.10 Edit OSPF Area

Click <Apply> to confirm the changes to this OSPF area. Click <Cancel> to give up editing this area.

In the <OSPF Area> window: Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Delete> to delete the selected area. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.2.3

OSPFInterfaces
The <OSPF Interface> window augments the ipAddrTable with OSPF specific information and describes the interfaces from the viewpoint of OSPF. Select <Configuration><OSPF><OSPF Interfaces> from the main menu and the <OSPF Interfaces> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.11) The OSPF Interface parameters about the NE will be list in the <OSPF Interfaces> field. Meantime, every parameter is list below.

Fig. 13.11 OSPF Interface

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <IP Address>: The IP address of this OSPF interface. <Addressless IF>: for the purpose of easing the instancing of addressed and addressless interfaces; this variable takes the value 0 on interfaces with IP Addresses, and the corresponding value of ifIndex for interfaces having no IP Address. <Name>: interface name for reference (slot/port) <Area ID>: A 32-bit integer uniquely identifying the area to which the interface connects. Area ID 0.0.0.0 is used for the OSPF backbone. <Type>: The OSPF interface type. The available value has <Broadcase(1)>, <NBMA(2)>, <Point To Point(3)>, <Point To Multipoint(5)>, and <Loopback(10)>. Broadcast LANs, such as Ethernet and IEEE 802.5, take the value <broadcast>, X.25 and similar technologies take the value <NBMA(2)>, and links that are definitively point to point take the value <Point To Point(3)>. <Admin Status>: the OSPF interfaces administrative status. The value formed on the interface, and the interface will be advertised as an internal route to some area. The value <disabled> denotes that the interface is external to OSPF. <Router Priority>: The priority of this interface. Used in multi-access networks <Transit Delay>: The estimated number of seconds it takes to transmit a link state update packet over this interface. <Retrans Interval>: The number of seconds between link-state advertisement retransmissions, for adjacencies belonging to this interface. <Hello Interval>: The length of time, in seconds, between the Hello packets that the router sends on the interface. <Router Dead Interval>: The number of seconds that a routers Hello packets have not been seen before its neighbors declare the router down.

<Poll Interval>: The larger time interval, in seconds, between the Hello packets sent to an inactive nonbroadcast multi- access neighbor. <State>: the OSPF Interface State. <Designated Router>: the IP Address of the Designated Router <Backup Designated Router>: the IP Address of the Backup Designated Router. <Events>: The number of times this OSPF interface has changed its state or an error has occurred. <Status>: displays the status of the entry. Setting it to <invalid> has the effect of rendering it inoperative. <Auth Key>: The Authentication Key <Multicast Forwarding>: The way multicasts should forwarded on this interface <Demand>: Indicates whether Demand OSPF procedures (hello suppression to FULL neighbors and setting the DoNotAge flag on proogated LSAs) should be performed on this interface. <Auth Type>: The authentication type specified for an interface.

Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Edit> to change the attributes. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.2.4

OSPFInterfaceMetrics
OSPF Interface Metrics describes the metrics to be advertised for a specified interface at the various types of service. Select <Configuration><OSPF><OSPF IF Metrics> from the main menu. The <OSPF Interface Metric> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.12) The OSPF Interface Metric parameters about the NE will be list in the <OSPF Interfaces Metrics> table. Meantime, every parameter is list below too.

Fig. 13.12 OSPF Interface Metric

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <IP Address>: The IP address of this OSPF interface. <Addressless IF>: For the purpose of easing the instancing of addressed and addressless interfaces; this variable takes the value 0 on interfaces with IP Addresses, and the value of ifIndex for interfaces having no IP Address. <Type of Service>: The type of service metric being referenced. <Value>: the metric of using this type of service on this interface. The default value of the TOS 0 Metric is 108. Click <Edit> to change <Value>. Click <Apply> to confirm this change. Click <Cancel> to give up change.

In the <OSPF Interface Metrics> window: Click <Refresh> to check the latest information. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.2.5

OSPFNeighbors
The OSPF Neighbors describes all neighbors in the locality of the subject router. Select <Configuration><OSPF><OSPF Neighors> and <OSPF Neighor> window will pop up. (See Fig. 13.13) The OSPF neighbors of the NE will be list in the <OSPF Neighbors> table. Meantime, every parameter is list below too.

Fig. 13.13 OSPF Neighbor

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: < IP Address >: The IP address this neighbor is using in its IP Source Address. <AddressLess IF>: On an interface having an IP Address, the value is zero. On addressless interfaces, the value is the corresponding value of if Index in the Internet Standard MIB. <Router ID>: A 32-bit integer (represented as a type IP Address) uniquely identifying the neighboring router in the Autonomous System. <Options>: A Bit Mask corresponding to the neighbor's options field. The available value has 0, 1, 2, and 3. Bit 0 indicates that the system will operate on Type of Service metrics other than TOS 0. Bit 1 indicates that the associated area accepts and operates on external information; Bit 2 indicates that the system is capable of routing IP Multicast datagrams; i.e., that it implements the Multicast Extensions to OSPF. Bit 3 indicates that the associated area is an NSSA. <Priority>: The priority of this neighbor in the designated router election algorithm. The value 0 signifies that the neighbor is not eligible to become the designated router on this particular network. <State>: The State of the relationship with this Neighbor. <Events >: The number of times this neighbor relationship has changed state or an error has occurred. <LS Retrans Q Len>: The current length of the retransmission queue. <NBMA Nbr Permanence>: displays the status of the entry. <HelloSuppressed>: Indicates whether Hellos are being suppressed to the neighbour. Click <Refresh> to view the latest neighbor information. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.2.6

OSPFLSDB
The Link State Database (LSDB) contains the Link State Advertisements from throughout the areas that the device is attached to. Select <Configuration><OSPF><OSPF LSDB> and the <OSPF Link State Database> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.14) The OSPF link state data of the NE will be list in the <OSPF LSDB> table. Meantime, every parameter is list below too.

Fig. 13.14 OSPF Link State Database

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <Area ID>: The 32 bit identifier of the Area from which the LSA was received. <Type>: The type of the link state advertisement. Each link state type has a separate advertisement format." <Link State ID>: An LS Type Specific field containing either a Router ID or an IP Address; it identifies the piece of the routing domain that is being described by the advertisement. <Router ID>: The 32 bit number that uniquely identifies the originating router in the Autonomous System. <Sequence>: A signed 32-bit integer. It is used to detect old and duplicate link state advertisements. The space of sequence numbers is linearly ordered. The larger the sequence number the more recent the advertisement. <Age>: The age of the link state advertisement in seconds. <Checksum>: The checksum of the complete contents of the advertisement, excepting the age field. <Link State Advertisement>: The entire Link State Advertisement, including its header. Click <Refresh> to view the latest data. Click <Print> to print the information of the OSPF link state data.

Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.2.7

OSPFExt LSDB
OSPF External Link State Database contains only External Link State Advertisements. The purpose is to allow external LSAs to be displayed once for the router rather than once in each non-stub area. Select <Configuration><OSPF><OSPF Ext LSDB> from the main menu and the <OSPF External Link State Database> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.15) The OSPF external link state data of the NE will be list in the <OSPF External LSDB> table. Meantime, every parameter is list below too.

Fig. 13.15 OSPF External Link State Database

All parameters and their meaning are list as below: <Type>: The type of the link state advertisement. Each link state type has a separate advertisement format." <Link State ID>: An LS Type Specific field containing either a Router ID or an IP Address; it identifies the piece of the routing domain that is being described by the advertisement. <Router ID>: The 32 bit number that uniquely identifies the originating router in the Autonomous System. <Sequence>: A signed 32-bit integer. It is used to detect old and duplicate link state advertisements. The space of sequence numbers is linearly ordered. The larger the sequence number the more recent the advertisement. <Age>: The age of the link state advertisement in seconds. <Checksum>: The checksum of the complete contents of the advertisement, excepting the age field.

<Link State Advertisement>: The entire Link State Advertisement, including its header. Click <Refresh> to view the latest data. Click <Print> to print the information of the OSPF external link state data. Click <Close> to close this window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

13.3

OSI Configuration
In the chassis view select one SDH port. From the main menu, select <Configuration><OSI Configuration>. The <OSI Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 13.16)

Fig. 13.16 OSI Configuration

Select <User> or <Network> in the <Network Side> drop-down menu according current NEs position. Select <LAPD in unconfirmed mode> or <LAPD in acknowledged mode> in the <AITS> drop-down. Input the corresponding values in other fields. The meanings of those parameters are listed below. <T200>: retransmissions timer. The unit is millisecond.

<T203>: maximum time allowed without frames being exchanged. The unit is second. <N200>: maximum number of frame repetition. <Window>: maximum number outstanding I-frames. Window size in AITS mode. <Config Timer>: timer interval. The unit is second. <TTL>: time to live for a CLNP PDU. <Local NSAP>: the local NSAP address <Remote NSAP>: the destination NSAP address <Source IP Address>: the source IP address <Destination IP Address>: the destination IP address <MTU of the IP_If>: the maximum long of frame. Click <Refresh> to check the real-time OSI properties. Click <Apply> to accept modifications in the window. Click <OK> to confirm changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

14 Maintenance
14.1 LoopbackTest Management
From the main menu, select <Maintenance><Loopback Test Management> to launch the <Loopback Test Management> window. (See Fig. 14.1)

Fig. 14.1 Loopback Test Management

14.1.1

QueryingLoopbackStatus
To view the loopback status of a port, select the corresponding <NE>, <Card>, and <Loopback Type> to be viewed in the drop-down menus. Click <Query> and all ports that satisfy the conditions will be listed in the table.

14.1.2

SettingLoopbackTest
Select the corresponding <NE>, <Card>, and <Loopback Type> in drop-down menus to specify which ports to operate loopback test on. All ports that satisfy the conditions will be listed in the table. For the desired port, either double-click or highlight and click <Setting> to open the <Loopback Test Configure> window (See Fig. 14.2).

Fig. 14.2 Loopback Test Configure

Choose <Loopback Type>: either <In LoopBack> or <Out LoopBack>. Click <Begin> to start the test. The <LoopBack State> line will show the current status. Click <Stop> to end the test. Click <Close> to quit the window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

14.2

LEDTest
LED test is used to check if the LEDs of an NE are working correctly. From the main menu, select <Maintenance><LED Test> to launch the <LED Test> window. (See Fig. 14.3)

Fig. 14.3 LED Test

Click <Test LED>. If the LEDs of this NE work correctly, the LEDs will flash for a few moments then go to their normal state.

15 Performance Monitoring Management


15.1
15.1.1 15.1.1.1

Overviewof PerformanceMonitoring
SDHPerformanceMonitoring PM in RegenerationSection(G.829)
Definitions Block: for STM-N (N=1, 4, 16, 64), the N BIP-8 contained in the B1 bytes pertains to N blocks. Thus, the signal structure of an RS in an STM-N comprises N blocks within a frame. Errored Block (EB): A block in which one or more bits are in error. Errored Second (ES): A one second period with one or more errored blocks or at least one defect. Severely Errored Second (SES): A one-second period which contains =X% errored blocks or at least one defect. SES is a subset of ES. Constant Severely Errored Second (CSES): Period with consecutive SES. Background Block Error (BBE): An errored block not occurring as part of an SES. Unavailable Second (UAS): Ten consecutive SES seconds will cause the UAS to increase. Ten consecutive error free seconds will stop the UAS from increasing. Out of Frame Second (OFS): A one-second period with one or more wrong frames. UnAvailable Period (UAP): Timestamps indicating the beginning and end of an Unavailable Period. A period of unavailable time begins at the onset of ten consecutive SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be part of unavailable time. A new period of available time begins at the onset of 10 consecutive non-SES events. UAP is independent from 15m or 24h UAS. Even if the UAS was manually reset, UAP should retain its value.

Note: There is no mechanism for collecting far-end performance data for the RS layer.

Anomalies An error on the whole block is indicated by the EDC (Error Detection Code).

Defects LOS: Loss of signal LOF: Loss of frame RS TIM: Trace identify mismatch in SDH Regeneration Section

Estimation of the performance events ES: one anomaly or one defect in a second SES:Y EBs with one anomaly or one defect a second, Y = blocks per second *xx% BBE: anomalies but not in SES Rate EBs xx% (EBs) 800 10% STM0 2,400 30% STM1 2,400 30% STM4 2,400 30% STM16

Tab. 15.1 Regenerator Section SES threshold xx% (for BIP-8)

15.1.1.2

PM in MultiplexSection(G.829)
Definitions MS: The N 24 BIP-1s contained in the B2 bytes of an SDH MS in an STM-N (N=1, 4, 16, 64) pertains to N 24 in different blocks. Thus, the signal structure of a generic MS comprises N 24 blocks within a frame. MS Far End: The count contained in the M1 bytes (M1 and M0 bytes for STM-64) of an SDH MS in an STM-N (N=1, 4, 16, 64) pertains to one block (total of N 24 different received blocks). Thus, the signal structure of a generic MS (far end) comprises 1 block within a frame. Errored Block (EB), Errored Second (ES), Severely Errored Second (SES), Constant Severely Errored Second (CSES), Background block error (BBE), Unavailable second (UAS), UnAvailable Period (UAP): refer to the definition for RS.

Anomalies An Errored Block happens as indicated by an EDC.

Defects Near enddefectsof Trail termination MS AIS

ApplicablePath Multiplex Sections

Tab. 15.2 Defects Resulting in a Near-end Severely Errored Second Near enddefectsof Pathtermination MS RDI ApplicablePath Multiplex Sections

Tab. 15.3 Defects resulting in a Far-end Severely Errored Second

Note: MS AIS means Alarm Indication Signal in Multiplex Sections. MS RDI means Remote Defect Indictor in Multiplex Sections.

Estimation of the performance events ES: one anomaly or one defect in a second. SES: Y EBs with one anomaly or one defect a second, Y= (number of blocks per second xx%). BBE: anomalies but not in SES. Rate EBs Xx% (EBs) STM0 9,600 15% STM1 28,800 15% STM4 192,000 25% STM16 921,600 30% STM64 3,686,400 30%

Tab. 15.4 Multiplex Section SES threshold xx% (For BIP-1)

15.1.1.3

PM for HP/LP(HighOrderandLowOrderPaths)(G.829)
Definitions HP: The BIP-8 contained in the B3 byte of an SDH HP pertains to one block. Thus, the signal structure of a generic HP comprises 1 block within a frame. LP VC3s are the same. HP Far End: The count contained in the G1 byte of an SDH HP pertains to one block. Thus, the signal structure of a generic HP (far end) comprises 1 block within a frame. LP VC3s are the same. LP: The BIP-2 contained in the V1 byte of an SDH LP pertains to one block. Thus, the signal structure of a generic LP comprises 1 block within a multi-frame. LP Far End: The FEBE bit contained in the V1 byte of an SDH LP pertains to one block. Thus, the signal structure of a generic LP (far end) comprises 1 block within a multi-frame. Errored block (EB), Errored Second (ES), Severely Errored Second (SES), Constant Severely Errored Second (CSES), Background block error (BBE), Unavailable second (UAS), UnAvailable Period (UAP): refer to the definition for RS.

Anomalies An EB happens as indicated by an EDC.

Defects Near enddefectsof Trail termination LP UNEQ (Note 2) LP TIM TU LOP TU AIS HP LOM (Note 1) HP PLM HP UNEQ (Note 2) HP TIM AU LOP AU AIS ApplicablePath Lower Order Path

Higher Order Path

Tab. 15.5 Defects Resulting in a Near-end Severely Errored Second

Note 1: This defect is not related to VC-3. Note 2: Paths not actually completed, e.g. during path set-up, will contain the unequipped VC-n signal.

Near enddefectsof Pathtermination LP RDI HP RDI

ApplicablePath Lower Order Path Higher Order Path

Tab. 15.6 Defects Resulting in a Far-end Severely Errored Second

Definitions and notes: LP UNEQ: Lower order Path is UNEQuipped. LP TIML: Trace identifies mismatch in Lower order Path. TU LOP: Tributary Unit Loss Of Pointer. TU AIS: Tributary Unit Alarm Indictor Signal. HP LOM: Higher order Path Loss Of Multiframe. HP PLM: Higher order Path PayLoad Mismatch. HP UNEQ: Higher order Path UNEQuipped. HP TIM: Higher order Path Trace Identify Mismatch. AU LOP: Administrative Unit Loss Of Pointer. AU AIS: Administrative Unit Alarm Indicator Signal. LP RDI: Lower order Path Remote Defect Indiaction. HP RDI: Higher order Path Remote Defect Indiaction.

Estimation of the performance events ES: one anomaly or one defect. SES: Y EBs with one anomaly or one defect in a second, Y=blocks per second xx%. Rate EBs 600 xx% (EBs) 30% VC-11/12/2 2,400 30% VC-3 2,400 30% VC-4/4c/16c/64c

Tab. 15.7 Path Overhead Section SES Threshold xx% (For BIP-2, BIP-8)

15.1.1.4

PM for PointerJustificationCountsat AdministrativeUnit (G.707)


The AU pointer is contained in H1, H2 and H3 bytes, which are associated with, but not part of, the SDH Multiplexing Section Overhead. The N bits (bits 1-4) of the pointer carry the New Data Flag which allows an arbitrary change of the pointer value if that change is due to a change in the payload. The last ten bits (bits 7-16) of the H1 and H2 bytes carry the pointer value that designates the location of the byte where the VC-n begins. The H3 is the pointer action byte. The AU pointer provides a method of allowing flexible and dynamic alignment of the VC within the AU frame. During normal operation, the NDF is disabled and set to "0110", and the pointer locates the start of the VC-n within the AU-n frame. If there is a frequency offset between the frame rate of the AUG and that of the VC-n, the pointer value will be incremented or decremented by one as needed, accompanied by a corresponding positive or negative justification byte or bytes. This operation is indicated by inverting five I-bits or D-bits of the pointer. The positive justification bytes appear immediately after the last H3 byte in the AU-n frame and the negative justification bytes appear in the H3 bytes in the AU-n frame. If there is a change in the payload, NDF is enabled by inversion of the N-bits to "1001". The new location of the VC-n begins at the first occurrence of the offset indicated by the new pointer. For AU-4 concatenation, the AU-n pointer is set to Concatenation Indication, "1001" in bits 1-4 and ten "1"s in bits 7-16. Currently PPJC and NPJC can be monitored only at AU-4. Definitions : PPJC - Positive Pointer Justification Count. NPJC - Negative Pointer Justification Count. Defects : LOP - Loss of Pointer.

15.1.2

DataPerformanceMonitoringParameters
The following parameters can be monitored in LCT: PM Data Parameter Received Unicast Packets Received Multicast Packets Received Broadcast Packets Received Oversize Packets Received Undersize Packets Received Frames in CRC Error Total Received Bad Packets Total Received Bad Bytes Total Received Good Packets Total Received Good Bytes Sent Unicast Packets

Sent Multicast Packets Sent Broadcast Packets Total Sent Good Packets Total Sent Good Bytes

15.2

SDHPerformanceMonitoringManagement
From the main menu, select <Performance & Statistics> <Current SDH Performance> to open the <SDH Current Performance> window. (See Fig. 15.1)

Fig. 15.1 SDH Current Performance

TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT provides the following primary PM management functions (see Tab. 15.8): Functions Description Refresh Refresh the information. Filter Used to filter and display the points to be examined. This function is only for the display selection since there are too many points to be displayed clearly. Note: Point is defined as a specific TP, an example a point could be defined as Node 182.16.1.1, Line Card 1, Port 3, or MS-TTP. Edit PM parameters for each TP can be edited. Note: If a point is only edited and not filtered, this point will not be displayed. For proper operation, be sure the edited point is filtered first. Thresholds Only ES, BBE, SES, and UAS have this parameter. If the current value of the parameter crosses the value of the threshold, an alarm will be launched. Reset Reset parameters for a selected TP in the table Reset All Reset all parameters for every TP in the table Print Print or save the PM values.

Help Launch the online help Tab. 15.8 PMManagementFunctions

15.2.1

Filter Setting
In the <SDH Current Performance> window, click <Filter> to open the <Monitor Point Filter> window, which is used to filter TPs and/or parameters. (See Fig. 15.2)

Fig. 15.2 Monitor Point Filter

15.2.1.1

TP Filter
The TP Filter is used to select TPs that will be displayed in the <SDH Current Performance> window. In the <Selected TPs> section, select an existing point and click <Remove> to remove the selected TPs. Click <Add> to add a new TP. (See Fig. 15.3)

Fig. 15.3 Select Terminal Point

Select the point to be monitored by choosing the corresponding <NE>, <Card>, <Port>, and <TP Type>. This is used to narrow the scope of TPs when searching for specified TPs. In the <TP type> drop-down menu, the value range is: RS, MS, VC4, and AU4. VC3-TTP and VC12-TTP will be added at the later release. Select the TPs to be monitored and click <OK>. The selected points will be listed in the <Monitor Point Filter> window.

15.2.1.2

ParameterFilter
The Parameter Filter is used to decide the type of parameters that will be displayed in the <SDH Current Performance> window. The Parameter Filter is divided to four sections in the <Monitor Point Filter> window: <Granularity>, <Location>, <Parameter>, and <Monitor Type>. The <Granularity> section indicates the performance monitoring granularity. The <Location> section indicates the PM location. The <Parameter> section allows the choice of the following parameters to be monitored: <ES>, <BBE>, <SES>, <UAS>, <CSES>, <OFS>, <PPJC>, <NPJC>, and <UAP>.

The <Monitor Type> section allows configuration of the performance monitoring and the reports to be provided. There are three options to choose among: <UnMon>, <Mon>, and <Mon&Auto Report>. In the frame, if a checkbox is not selected, all the parameters related to this checkbox will not be displayed.

15.2.2

EditingMonitoredParameter
Select <Performance & Statistics><Current SDH Performance>. Then click <Edit> in <SDH Current Performance> window. The <Edit Properties of Performance Monitor> window is used to edit port, TP, and PM parameters. (See Fig. 15.4)

Fig. 15.4 Edit Properties of Performance Monitor

There are five sections in this window: <Selected TPs>, <Granularity>, <Location>, <Parameter>, and <Setting>. The function of the <Selected TPs> section is the same as that in the <Monitor Point Filter> window. The <Granularity> section indicates the performance monitoring granularity. The <Location> section indicates the PM location.

The <Parameter> section allows the choice of the following parameters to be monitored: <ES>, <BBE>, <SES>, <UAS>, <CSES>, <OFS>, <PPJC>, and <NPJC>. The <Setting> section allows configuration of the performance monitoring and the reports to be provided. There are three options to choose among: <UnMon>, <Mon>, and <Mon & Auto-Report>. Only one option can be selected.

15.2.3

AlarmThreshold
Select <Performance & Statistics><Current SDH Performance>. Then select a row and click <Thresholds> in the <SDH Current Performance> window. The window to configure alarm threshold will be shown. (See Fig. 15.5)

Fig. 15.5 Alarm Threshold

This window is divided to five parts: <Selected TPs>, <Granularity>, <Location>, <Parameter>, and <Setting>. The function of the <Selected TPs>, <Granularity>, <Location>, and <Parameter> sections are the same as those in the <Edit Properties of Performance Monitor> window. (See Fig. 15.4) The <Setting> section allows configuration of Alarm Threshold. If the current value of the parameter crosses the value of the threshold, an alarm will be launched; if the checkbox is not selected, the alarm threshold is disabled.

The value range and default value of 15-minutes and day are listed in the following two tables. (See Tab. 15.9 and Tab. 15.10) TCA DefaultValue AllowedRange RS ES 114 1-900 RS SES 10 1-900 RS BBE 10 1-65535 MS ES 114 1-900 MS SES 10 1-900 MS BBE 10 1-65535 MS ES (Far End) 114 1-900 MS SES (Far End) 10 1-900 MS BBE (Far End) 10 1-65535 VC4-TTP ES 180 1-900 VC4-TTP SES 15 1-900 VC4-TTP BBE 10 1-65535 VC4-TTP ES (Far End) 180 1-900 VC4-TTP SES (Far End) 15 1-900 VC4-TTP BBE (Far End) 10 1-65535 Tab. 15.9 Default Value and Value Range for a Fixed 15-minute Period TCA RS ES RS SES RS BBE MS ES MS SES MS BBE MS ES (Far End) MS SES (Far End) MS BBE (Far End) VC4-TTP ES VC4-TTP SES VC4-TTP BBE VC4-TTP ES (Far End) VC4-TTP SES (Far End) VC4-TTP BBE (Far End) 10,944 960 960 10,944 960 960 10,944 960 960 17,280 1440 960 17,280 1440 960 DefaultValue 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 1~216-1 AllowedRange

Tab. 15.10 Default value and Value Range for a Fixed 24-hour Period

15.2.4

HistorySDHPerformance
From the main menu, select <Performance & Statistics> <History SDH Performance>. The SDH History Performance is used to display the history value of one parameter of a TP. (See Fig. 15.6)

Fig. 15.6 SDH History Performance The function of <Filter> is the same as that of the <SDH Current Performance> window. (Refer to Chapter 15.2.1) The maximum records number of history performance in the LCT program is listed in the following table:

Parameter UAP Other parameters

Granularity 15-Minutes or 24-hours 15-Minutes

Maximum Records number 6 32

Other parameters 24-hours

Tab. 15.11 Maximum Records number of History Performance

For example, at most 6 history UAPs for each TPs can be recorded in the LCT program. For other parameters, at most previous 8-hours for 15-Minutes performance or previous 1-Day for 24-hours performance can be recorded in the LCT program.

Click <Print> to print the PM report. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

15.3

EthernetPerformanceMonitoringManagement
In TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT, the following primary Ethernet PM functions are provided. (See Tab. 15.12) Functions Filter Description

Used to filter and display the points to be examined. This function is only for the display selection since there are too many points to be displayed clearly. Note: Point is defined as a specific LAN or WAN port. For example a Point could be described as Node 182.16.1.1, UDC 1, and LAN port1. Edit Ethernet PM parameters for each LAN or WAN port can be edited Note: If a point is only edited and not filtered, this point will not be displayed. For proper operation, be sure the edited point is filtered first. Reset Reset parameters for a selected TP in the table Reset All Reset all parameters for every TP in the table Report Print or save the Ethernet PM values. Tab. 15.12 Primary Ethernet PM Function

From the main menu, select <Performance & Statistics> <Current Ethernet Statistics> to open the <Ethernet Current Performance> window. (See Fig. 15.7)

Fig. 15.7 Ethernet Current Performance

15.3.1

Filter Setting
The <Monitor Point Filter> window is launched by clicking <Filter> in the <Current Ethernet Performance> window. (See Fig. 15.8)

Fig. 15.8 Monitor Point Filter

This filter function is the same as the SDH Performance filter function. Click <Add> to select the port. (See Fig. 15.9)

Fig. 15.9 Select Port

Choose a suitable filter parameter from this screen to filter ports: <15-minute> or <24-hour> and the users choice of 15 kinds of Data PM Parameters.

15.3.2

EditingMonitoredParameter
The <Edit Properties of Performance Monitor> window can be launched by clicking <Edit> in <Ethernet Current Performance> window. (See Fig. 15.10)

Fig. 15.10 Edit Properties of Monitored Parameter There are three frames in this window: <Selected Ports>, <Granularity>, and <Setting>. <Selected Ports> is used to choose the LAN or WAN ports which to be monitored. <Granularity> allows the choice of a suitable filter parameter: <15 minute> or <24 hour>. <Setting> allows choice of port monitor state. There are three options to choose among: <UnMon>, <Mon>, and <Mon & Auto-Report>.

15.3.3

EthernetPM Thresholds
From the main menu, select <Performance & Statistics> <Ethernet PM Thresholds> to open the <1 Second Ethernet Thresholds> window. (See Fig. 15.11)

Fig. 15.11 1 Second Ethernet Thresholds

Click <Filter> to set ports whose threshold to be monitored. (See Fig. 15.12)

Fig. 15.12 Monitor Point Filter

Click <Add> to filter port and add them to list. (See Fig. 15.13)

Fig. 15.13 Select Ports

After selecting the corresponding attributes and click <Refresh>, the available ports will be listed. Select ports needed and click <OK>. This action adds those ports in the <Selected Ports> list. (See Fig. 15.14)

Fig. 15.14 Selected Ports

Click <OK> to see those ports corresponding thresholds status and values. In the <1 Second Ethernet Thresholds> window, to modify a ports thresholds, double-click the corresponding line in the table, or select the line and click <Edit>. This will enter the <Edit Properties of Performance Monitor> window. (See Fig. 15.15)

Fig. 15.15 Edit Properties of Performance Monitor

New monitored ports can be added and those ports thresholds scheme and the number of values set can be established. Two thresholds categories are available: <Bad Byte Rate> and <Bad Packet Rate>. The default value for each is 10%. Input any values needed or click <Default> to resume the default value. Click <Apply> to confirm the settings. Click <Close> to quit the window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

15.3.4

HistoryEthernetPerformance
From the main menu, select <Performance & Statistics> <History Ethernet Performance>. The <Ethernet History Performance> window will be shown. (See Fig. 15.16)

Fig. 15.16 Ethernet History Performance

The function of <Filter> is the same as that of the <Ethernet Current Performance> window. (Refer to Chapter 15.3.1) The maximum records number of Ethernet history performance is the same as that of SDH history performance. (Refer to Chapter 15.2.4) Click <Print> to print the PM report. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

15.4

CurrentE1 Bit Slip Performance


From the main menu, select <Performance & Statistics> <Current E1 Bit Slip Performance> to open the <Current E1 Bit-Slip Performance> window.

Fig. 15.17 Current E1 Bit-Slip Performance

15.4.1

Filter Setting
Click <Filter> to launch the <Monitor Point Filter> window. (See Fig. 15.18)

Fig. 15.18 Monitor Point Filter

This filter function is the same as the SDH Performance filter function. The <Ports Selected> section is used to choose the E1 ports which need to be monitored. Click <Add> to filter ports and add them to the list. (See Fig. 15.19)

Fig. 15.19 Select Port

After selecting the corresponding attributes and click <Refresh>, the available ports will be listed. Select ports needed and click <OK>. This action adds these ports in the <Ports Selected> table. (See Fig. 15.20)

Fig. 15.20 Selected Ports

The <Parameters> section allows <Negative Bit-Slip> and <Positive Bit-Slip> to be chosen. Click <OK> to see those ports corresponding thresholds status and values.

15.4.2

EditingMonitoredParameter
In the <Current E1Bit-Slip Performance> window, select the corresponding port and click <Edit>. This will enter the <Edit Properties of Performance Monitor> window.

Fig. 15.21 Edit Properties of Performance Monitor

15.4.3

HistoryE1 Bit Slip Performance


From the main menu, select <Performance & Statistics> <History E1 Bit Slip Performance>. The <History E1 Bit Slip Performance> window will be shown. (See Fig. 15.22)

Fig. 15.22 History E1 Bit Slip Performance

The function of <Filter> is the same as that of the <Current E1 Bit Slip Performance> window. (Refer to Chapter 15.4.1.) The maximum records number of E1 Bit Slip history performance is the same as that of SDH history performance. (Refer to Chapter 15.2.4) Click <Refresh> to refresh the information. Click <Print> to print the information of the selected Ethernet history performance. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

16 Alarm and Event Management


16.1 Overviewof Alarms
There are five alarm severity level values defined: Critical, Major, Minor, Warning, and Cleared.

CriticalService-interrupting alarms. MajorService-affecting alarms. MinorNon-Service-affecting alarms that could potentially become service-affecting. The user needs to inspect the system faults and provide fixes in order to prevent the alarm from deteriorating to Major. WarningNon-Service-affecting. Information is presented to the user for the purpose of maintenance. Clearedthe alarm severity level is Cleared.

There are five types of failures in the system:


Transmission FailureFailures related to transmission status, such as LOS, LOF, LOP, and LOM. Quality of Service FailureFailure related to system performance, such as response time too long, threshold crossing, and performance degradation. Equipment FailureFailures related to hardware equipment. Processing Error FailureFailures related to software or the fault processing, such as memory overflow, version incompatibility, software errors, program illegal interruption, NE configuration errors an inaccessible NE, AIS, TIM, REI, RDI, PLM, and UNEQ. Environmental FailureFailures related to environment changes, such as unacceptable temperature and humidity, ventilation or cooling system faults, excessive vibration, and door open or closed.

16.2
16.2.1

NE Alarms
CurrentAlarms
The Current Alarms tab displays all active alarms, and is updated when a new alarm occurs. This window displays the most current alarms. Alarms are listed in the order from the oldest to the newest and the oldest one is listed at the bottom of the list. Each entry is highlighted with the color associated with its severity. This color coding allows the user to perform a quick visual inspection when all alarms are displayed. When an alarm clears, the date and time when it was cleared is added to the list, and the color is changed to green and is removed to active cleared alarm window. Using TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT the user can:

Change the alarm list to display different severities or multiple severities

View the alarm occurs on different managed objects Sort the alarm list by field Clear the alarm list Refresh the alarm list View current alarm events from the chassis view

16.2.2

ViewingActiveAlarms
The alarm windows launched from different entrances will show alarms occur on different managed objects. To view the active alarms: Choose an object (a card or a port), and select <Fault><Active Alarms> from the main menu. (See Fig. 16.1) The alarm window will only show alarms occur on currently selected managed object. If neither a card nor a port is selected, the alarm window would show all alarms on current NE.

Fig. 16.1 Open Active Alarms from Main Menu

Right-click an object (a card or a port), and select <Active Alarms> in the pop-up menu. (See Fig. 16.2) The alarm window will only show alarms occur on currently selected managed object.

Fig. 16.2 Open Active Alarms from Right-click Menu

To refresh only the alarms of interest, click on the appropriate icons on the <Alarm count by severity> area in the main window. (See Fig. 16.3) The alarm window launched here would show all alarms on current NE with the specific severity and category.

Fig. 16.3 Alarm Count by Severity

The <Active Alarms> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.4)

Fig. 16.4 Active Alarms

16.2.3

Reviewingthe currentalarms
The information contained in the Active Alarms table is as follows: Fieldor Button Severity Category Description The severity level of the alarm The related category of the specific alarm, including: Process Error QoS Transmission Equipment Environment

Source Alarm Message Raise Time Clear Time Clear Status

The managed object that generates the reported alarm The name of the alarm The time the alarm was raised The clear time of the alarm The status of the alarm, including: Not cleared Cleared Cleared manually

Cleared Synchronized Tab. 16.1 ActiveAlarmsinformation

16.2.4

ClearingAlarms
To clear the alarm manually in the <Active Alarms> window (See Fig. 16.5), right-click the corresponding alarm, and select <Clear Alarm>. As a result, the alarm disappears from current alarm window and is recorded to active cleared alarm window with the color becoming green. The clear status should be cleared manually.

Fig. 16.5 Clear Alarm

16.2.5

AlarmSearch
From the main menu, select <Fault><Alarm Search>, the <Alarm Search> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.6)

Fig. 16.6 Alarm Search <Severity> This can be set as <all>, <Critical>, <Major>, <Minor>, or <Warning>. <Category> This can be set as <all>, <Communication>, <Qos>, <Equipment>, <Processing Error>, or <Environment>. Click the Source>> button, the <Alarm Source Config> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.7) <Alarm Message> This can be set as all kinds of alarm message needed. <ClearStatus> This can be set as <all>, <NotCleared>, <Cleared Manually>, <Cleared Synchronized>, or <Cleared>. Click <OK> to confirm the modifications and the active alarms search result will be shown in the <Active Alarm Search Result> window. (See Fig. 16.8) Click <Cancel> to quit this window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Fig. 16.7 Alarm Source Config

Fig. 16.8 Active Alarm Search Result

16.3

LEDIndicators
A SURPASS hiT 7020 NE has four LED status indicators that show the operational status of the system.

PWR (Power) CR (Critical Alarm)

MJ (Major Alarm) MN (Minor Alarm)

These LEDs correspond to the LED status indicators displayed in the Chassis View. The following table describes four LED status indicators. LEDname Power LEDColor LEDStatus Description Green On Power is available to the system. It indicates the presence of the internal power supply after the power conversion. Off Power is not available due to a brOKen power converter or external power cable or connector. Critical Red On The system is either in a booting up stage or in system failure state. Blinking One or more critical or major alarms are present (for example, service affectingLOS). Off No critical or major transmission alarms are present, and the system is in service. Major Orange On There are one or more major alarms present. Off No Major alarms. Minor Yellow On There are one or more minor alarms present (non-service affecting). Off No Minor alarms. Note: Warning and indeterminate alarms do not turn on the LED. Tab. 16.2 LEDStatus

16.4
16.4.1

ExportingAlarms
ExportingActiveAlarmsto a File
Before printing or saving alarms to a file, make sure that corresponding alarm ranges have been searched. All the alarms listed in the <Active Alarms> window will be exported or printed. To export the active alarm list: In the <Active Alarms> window, select the alarm to be exported and click <Print>. (See Fig. 16.9)

Fig. 16.9 Report Alarm

The report window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.10)

Fig. 16.10 Report Window

Select the <Paper> type. Select <Portrait> or <Landscape>. Select the output file type in the <Output> drop-down menu. Note: Dont select <System Printer> here. Click <OK>. The <Save File> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.11)

Fig. 16.11 Save File

Input the file name in the <File Name> field, and then click <Save>. The selected Active Alarms are now successively exported to file.

16.4.2

PrintingActiveAlarms
To print the active alarm list: In the <Active Alarms> window, select the alarm to be printed and click <Print>. The Print window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.12)

Fig. 16.12 Print Window

Select the <Paper> type. Select <Portrait> or <Landscape>. Select <System Printer> in the <Output> drop-down menu. Click <OK>. The <Print Preview> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.13 )

Fig. 16.13 Report Alarm Preview

Click <Print>. The print setup window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.14 )

Fig. 16.14 Print Setup

Select and set up the printer if necessary, and then click <OK>. Alarms are now successively printed.

16.5
16.5.1

ConfiguringFault Management
AudioAlarmConfiguration
To configure the Audio Alarm Configuration: Select <System><Audio Alarm Config> from the main menu. The <Audio Alarm Config> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.15)

Fig. 16.15 Audio Alarm Config

Select whether Audio Alarm is enabled or disable. Set the specific audio file used to correspond with the varying alarms. Click <OK> to confirm the configuration. Click <Cancel> to quit this window. All the unsaved modifications will be lost.

16.5.2

AlarmTypeList Management
Using Alarm Type List Management, alarms can be viewed and configured. From the main menu, select <Fault><Alarm Type List Management> to enter the <Alarm Type List Management> window. (See Fig. 16.16)

Fig. 16.16 Alarm Type List Management

Click <Refresh> to view current alarm types. To modify the <User Defined Severity> and <Report Status>, highlight this row and right-click the corresponding field. (See Fig. 16.17)

Fig. 16.17 Modify Property of Alarm

Click <Apply> to confirm the changes. Click <OK> to confirm the changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit this window without saving any modifications. Click <Print> to print the result. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

16.6
16.6.1

AlarmConfigurationfor SingleNE
AlarmInhibit Configuration
From the main menu, select <Configuration><Alarm Inhibit Configuration>. The <Alarm Inhibit Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.18)

Fig. 16.18 Alarm Inhibit Configuration

Selecting Node Alarm Inhibit will stop reporting all node alarms. Selecting AIS Alarm Inhibit will stop using AIS alarms. Selecting RDI Alarm Inhibit will stop using RDI alarms Click <Refresh> to view the latest setting. Click <Apply> to confirm the setting. Click <OK> to confirm the changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

16.6.2

AlarmOut Configuration
From the main menu, select <Configuration><Alarm Out Configuration>. The <Alarm Out Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.19)

Fig. 16.19 Alarm Out Configuration

Select <Alarm Out Cutoff> to cutoff alarm out permanently. Click <Refresh> to view the latest setting. Click <Apply> to confirm the setting. Click <OK> to confirm the changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

16.6.3

MDI/MDOConfiguration
From the main menu, select <Configuration><MDI/MDO Configuration>. The <MDI/MDO Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.20)

Fig. 16.20 MDI/MDO Configuration: MDI Tab

Set MDI1-MDI3s status with <Disable> or <Enable> in <Status> drop-down menus. Click the <MDO> tab to configure the MDO properties. (See Fig. 16.21)

Fig. 16.21 MDI/MDO Configuration: MDO Tab

From the drop-down menus, select MDO 0~1 and change corresponding status. In the field of Alarm List, select corresponding alarm and click the => button or the <= button to change the associated property of this alarm. Click <Refresh> to view the latest setting. Click <Apply> to confirm the setting. Click <OK> to confirm the changes and quit the window. Click <Close> to quit the window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

16.7

Displayingthe NodeEventLog
To display the Node Event Log, select <Fault><Events> from the main menu. The <Events> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.22)

Fig. 16.22 Events

Click <Print> to export all the events listed in the window to a file or print it. The detailed steps of exporting events are the same as those of alarms. (Refer to Chapter 16.4)

16.7.1

Interpretingthe NodeEventLog
There are three types of events defined in the system: Management, Hardware, and Software. The SURPASS hiT 7020 time-stamps every event and logs the event to a log file. TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT displays the system events through Event/Alarm Manager. Events listed in the event log detail the time and date the event occurred, the name of the event, the type of event, and a short description of the event. The Event about the communication between NE and LCT is recorded by LCT itself rather than getting from NE. Events are purely informational and indicate a change in the status of the system related to managing and administrating the system, such as a user logging onto the node or a change to a configuration option.

16.7.2

ManagementEvents
The attributes of the management events shall at least include: Event name, Timestamp, User name and privilege level, and Description. Name User login User logout User auto-logout due to timeout Description Identifies the user that has just logged in. Identifies the user that has just logged out. Identifies the user that was just logged out by the system because of inactivity.

User password change Unauthorized login attempt Alarm log cleared Tab. 16.3 ManagementEvents

The password of a user account has been changed. A user has attempted but failed to log in. A user has cleared out the alarm log file.

16.7.3

HardwareEvents
The object (located as precisely as possible) that generates the event shall also be reported. Name SFP changed Tab. 16.4 HardwareEvents Description The SFP module has been changed. (The SFP module is allowed to be pulled out or plugged in.)

16.7.4

SoftwareEvents
Name Software download started Software download completed Software upgrade started Description Software downloaded to back up files through FTP started. Software successfully downloaded to the back up storage through FTP. Software upgrade from back up files started.

Software upgrade completed Software upgrade completed. MIB upload started MIB upload completed MIB download started MIB download completed MIB backup started MIB backup completed MIB restore started MIB restore completed System reset System start Timing configuration changed Timing status changed Tab. 16.5 SoftwareEvents Back up MIB files upload to a server through FTP started. Back up MIB files successfully uploaded through FTP. FTP file transfer of MIB files from the server to the backup place has been started. MIB files successfully downloaded from a server to the MIB back up through FTP. Active MIB files back up started. Active MIB files backed up. MIB files in the backup place restore to active MIB files started. MIB restoration successfully completed. The system is reset. The system is starting up. One or more timing sources or references are changed. One or more timing sources or referencea are changed

16.7.5

EventSearch
To launch the <Event Search> window, select <Fault><Event Search> from the main menu, or click <Search> in the <Events> window. The <Event Search> window will be shown. (See Fig. 16.23)

Fig. 16.23 Event Search

To set the ID range, check the <ID(>=)> or <ID(<=)> boxes and input ID range in the corresponding fields. To set the raised time range, check the <Raised Time(After)> or <Raised Time(Before)> boxes and input or select the date from the drop-down menus. Click <OK> to confirm the modifications and the active alarms search result will be shown in the <Active Alarm Search Result> window. (See Fig. 16.24) Click <Cancel> to quit this window without saving any modifications. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

Fig. 16.24 Event Search Result

17 Resource and Database Management


17.1 NE UsageStatistics
From the main menu, select <Configuration><NE Resource Usage Statistics>. An <NE SDH Resource Usage Statistics> window will be shown. (See Fig. 17.1)

Fig. 17.1 NE SDH Resource Usage Statistics

All the cards and ports (except the data card) and their usages are listed in this table. Select one port, the details of this port will be listed in the table below. Click <Statistic> to check the latest information of selected port. Click <Print> to print the statistic status. Click <Close> to quit the window. Click <Help> to launch the online help.

18 How To
18.1 Creatinga TU12CrossConnectionbetweenSTM4 and STM4/1
1. Set TP Mapping To create a Cross Connection, firstly the user should set the corresponding TP mapping according to the capacity of the Cross Connection to make sure that the slot mapping satisfies the requirement of the cross connection. The default slot mapping of SDH ports on MainBoard (STM-1) card is AU-4while the default slot mapping of SDH ports of 2 STM-1 card is TU12. Therefore, to create a TU12 connection between those two cards, the user needs refer to the following steps to change AU-4 mapping to TU12 mapping.

Step1: Select <Configuration><TP Multiplexing Structure> from the main menu, then a <TP Multiplexing Structure> window will be shown. (See Fig. 18.1)

Fig. 18.1 TP Multiplexing Structure

Step2: Select #1<MainBoard(2STM-1+8E1)> and corresponding port, then click <Query>. The querying result is shown in window. (See Fig. 18.2)

Fig. 18.2 Query Result

Step3: Click the plus sign to expand into a tree graph or click the subtraction sign to hide the tree graph. Or right-click the catalog name, then select <Expand> in the pop-up menu to expand this functions next catalog, or select <Expand All> to expand all the catalogs under this function. (See Fig. 18.3)

Fig. 18.3 Expanding Tree Graph

Step4: The slot is idle if the color of its sign is blue and the slot is occupied if the color is orange. Notice that a slot mapping can be modified only when its idle. Step5: Right-click an idle AU-4 slot, select <Mapping AU-4 (1)> <AU-4 To TUG-3> in the pop-up menu, then click <Apply>, the TP mapping between AU-4 and TU12 is configured successfully.

Fig. 18.4 Mapping AU4 to TU12

The following picture is the modified TU12 slot.

Fig. 18.5 Result of Mapping

Note: if needed, the TU12 slot can be modified into AU-4, but the condition is that all 63 TU12 slots must be idle. Right-click the AU-4 catalog to be modified, and select <Mapping AU-4(1)> <AU-4 Clear Channel>, and then click <Apply> to complete the configuration.

Fig. 18.6 Mapping TU12 to AU4

2. CreateNewCrossConnection

Step1: Select <Configuration><Cross-Connect Management> from the main menu, and the <Cross-Connect Management> window will be shown, or select Cross-Connect and synchronize unit board in the chassis view, right-click it, then select Cross-Connect management in the pop-up menu.

Fig. 18.7 Cross-Connect Management Menu

Fig. 18.8 Cross-Connect Management

Step2: Click <Create>, and the <Create Cross-Connect> window will be shown.

Fig. 18.9 Create Cross-Conect

Step3: Select the property of the cross connection to be created in this drop-down menu: <Capacity> is <VC-12>; <Direction> is <Bi-Direction>. <Bi-direction> means configuration to both source and destination, which is the mainly application. <Uni-direction> means source and destination configuration respectively. Source Card is #1<MainBoard(2STM-1+8 E1)>; Source Prt is P01(S1); Destination Card is #1<MainBoard(2STM-1+8 E1)>; and Destination Port is P01(S1). Step4: Under the source port and destination port all available slots will be displayed (if the slot has been taken, or the slot mapping is different from the capacity of the cross connection, then it will not be shown). Step5: Select a slot in the source and destination respectively, and then click <Apply>. The user can also select many slots to create many cross connections (holding the <Shift> key and then select many successive slots, or holding the <Ctrl> key and then select many independent slots).

Fig. 18.10 Create Cross-Connect

18.2

ConfiguringLayer2 100MbpsEthernetService
This case is provided to illustrate how to configure L2 LCAS 100M Ethernet Service. Here the 4FE/C board is used as an example to show how to configure this service.

Step 1: Set Bridges property of NE Right-click the data board card (such as 4 FE/C), and select <Bridge Configuration> in the pop-up menu. (See Fig. 18.11). The <Bridge Properties> window will be shown. (See Fig. 18.12

Fig. 18.11 Bridge Configuration Menu

Fig. 18.12 Bridges Properties

In the <Bridge Mode> field, there are two options: <Double Tag> (default value) and <IEEE 802>. Generally, <Double Tag> is chosen. If the double tag mode is chosen, PVID must be set on LAN ports. (Refer to Step 2).

Step 2: Configure LAN port of NE Select <LAN Ports Property Configuration> in Fig. 18.11, the corresponding window will be shown (see Fig. 18.13). Since there are many LAN ports in every data card, click <Port> in the top right corner of the window, and then select the corresponding port in the drop-down menu (the first LAN port is chosen in the example).

Fig. 18.13 LAN Port Configuration The parameters that usually need to set are as follows: <PVID>: Add a private VLAN mark to the signal from the LAN port. The optional value is from 1 -- 4094. If the double tag mode is chosen in step 1, the PVID must be set on LAN ports. <Monitored Mode> Can be set as <Auto>, <Monitor>, or <Non-Monitor>. <Admin Mode> Can be set as <Enabled> or <Disabled>.

<Egress Tag Mode> Can be set as <Untag> or <Tag>. Check <BRL Enable> to make the BRL available. In the <Auto-Negotiation Parameter> section, if selecting <Enable> in the <Auto Negotiation> field, the other three parameters will turn grey. If not, setup these three parameters manually. Click <Apply> and <Close> to complete the LAN port configuration.

Step 3: Configure WAN port of NE Right-click a card and select <WAN Ports Property Configuration> in the pop-up menu (See Fig. 18.11), the <WAN Port Config> window will be shown. (See Fig. 18.14). Since there are many WAN ports in every data card, the port can be selected in the <Port> drop-down menu.

Fig. 18.14 WAN Port Config

The following parameters need to be set: <PVID>: Add a private VLAN mark to the signal gotten from WAN port. The optional value is from 1 -- 4094. <Egress Tag Mode>: There are two optional values: <Untag> and <Tag>. It is suggested that the default tag mode is chosen, which makes sure that additional PVID can be mapped to the load of SDH when the signals leave the data card from WAN port. <BandWidth Management>: Select the <LCAS Enable> mode. There are two options: <LCAS Enable> and <LCAS Disable>. Select <Enable LCAS> to enable the Ethernets traffic bandwidth user requires to be adjusted flexibly according to the network. When the BandWidth configuration mode is confirmed, click <Bandwidth Management> to assign the capacity of WAN port. The <Bandwidth Configuration> window will be shown. (See Fig. 18.15).

Fig. 18.15 Bandwidth Configuration There are two options in the <Direction Config> field: <bi-direction>t and <uni-direction>. <Bi-direction> means configuration to both source and destination, which is the mainly application. <Uni-direction> means source and destination configuration respectively. The slots in the optional AUG in the left side are idle (the slots which havent been taken); however the slots shown in the right side are the slots configured to this WAN port. Select 46 AUGs in the left side, and click the ==> button to add the slots used by those ports to WAN port. To decrease the number of slots used by this port, select corresponding slots in the right side and click the <== button. Click <Apply> to confirm setting. Click <OK> to close this window and return to the <WAN Port Config> window. Click <Apply> and <Close> to complete the WAN port configuration.

Step 4: Set VLAN management of NE PVIDs can be set to pass the WAN port through VLAN management. If the double tag mode is chosen in step 1, PVID must be set on LAN ports.

Right-click a card and select <VLAN Management> in the pop-up menu (See Fig. 18.11), the VLAN Management> window will pop up. (See Fig. 18.16)

Fig. 18.16 VLAN Management

Click <VLAN Config>, and then VLAN Config menu will pop up.(see Fig. 18.17)

Fig. 18.17 VLAN Config

There are two ways to modify VLAN: Based on VLAN and Based on Ports. If the user wants to configure multiple ports with the same VLAN ID, the Based on VLAN mode is recommended. If the user wants to configure a port with multiple VLAN IDs, the Based on Ports mode is recommended. Here the Based on VLAN mode is chosen for an example. Select the configured WAN port from the <Available Ports> list on the left side, click the ==> button to move it to the <Selected Ports> list. Input the VLAN ID configured for selected port in the <VLAN ID> field. Enter the VLAN name in the <VLAN Name> field for the sake of remembrance. Click <Apply> to confirm the changes. Click <Close> to close the window.

Note: To query the VLAN ID of all the ports of data unit, click <Query> in the <VLAN Management> window. (See Fig. 18.18). The detail information will be shown.

Fig. 18.18 Query VLAN Information

Step 5: Create Cross Connection After all setting about Ethernet, a cross connection between SDH port and Ethernet port should be created. To open the <Cross-Connect Management> window, select <Configuration> <CrossConnect Management> from the main menu, or select the cross-connect and synchronize unit board in the Chassis View, right-click it, then select <Cross-Connect Management> in the pop-up menu. Click <Create>, and then the <Create Cross-Connect> window will be shown. Select the property of the cross connection to be created in this drop-down menu: <Capacity> is <VC-12>; <Direction> is <Bi-Direction>; source card is #1<MainBoard(2 STM1+8E1)>; source port is P01(S1); destination card is #2<4FE/C)>; destination port is vP01(S1). Select 46 slots in left and 46 slots of WAN port configured in step1.

Fig. 18.19 Create Cross-Connect

Click <Apply> to create those Cross Connections. Click <OK> to close this window. Those Cross Connections will be listed in the <Cross-Connect Management> window. (See Fig. 18.20) The layer2 Ethernet service is configured successfully. Click <Close> to close <Cross-Connect Management> window.

Fig. 18.20 Cross-Connect Management

18.3

MonitoringCurrentPerformanceof STM1 Port


Step 1: Select <Performance & Statistics><Current SDH Performance> from the main menu to open the <SDH Current Performance> window. (See Fig. 18.22)

Fig. 18.21 Current SDH Performance Menu

Fig. 18.22 SDH Current Performance

Step 2: Click <Filter> to open the <Monitor Point Filter> window.

Fig. 18.23 Monitor Point Filter

Step 3: Click <Add> in the <Selected TPs> section and the <Select Terminal Point> window will be shown. (See Fig. 18.24)

Step 4: Select #1<MainBoard(2STM-1+8 E1)> in the <Card> drop-down menu, <P01(S1)> in the <Port> drop-down menu, and <(All)> in the <TP Type> drop-down menu. And then click <Refresh>; all selected TPs will be listed. To monitor only one TP type, select the corresponding type in this item. Choose TPs to be monitored and click <OK> to complete TP selection.

Fig. 18.24 Select Terminal Point

Step 5: Select parameters to be monitored, and click <OK>. The current performance of Port01 of Main Board will be listed.

Fig. 18.25 Monitor Point Filter

Fig. 18.26 SDH Current Performance

Click <Refresh> to monitor the latest performance of this port.

18.4

CreatingMultiplexSectionProtectionbetweenTwoNEs
In linear Multiplex Section Protection (MSP), there are two physical paths between two multiplexes. Working section and protection section between multiplexes is connected using different optical interfaces. SUAPASS hiT7020 admits MSP protection mode in signal speed of STM-4 and STM-1.

Fig. 18.27 Point-to-point System

Fig. 18.27 illustrates a point-to-point system between NE-A and NE-B. The working signal is transmitted through a pair of STM-4 ports while the protection signal is transmitted through another pair of STM-4 ports. To implement transmission protection, first the protection groups should be established in the NE to realize connection between the working path and the protection path. Step1: Select <Configuration><MSP Management> from the main menu, The <MSP Management> window will be shown. (See Fig. 18.28)

Fig. 18.28 MSP Management

Stpe2: Click <Create>, the <Create Linear Multiplex Section Protection Group> window will be shown (See Fig. 18.29). Fill out the <Properties> section. <Protection Group Label> provides a name for the protection group (for example <Test>); The <Switching Direction> can be selected as <unidirectional switch> or <bi-directional switch>; The <Operation Mode> can be selected as <non-revertive> or <revertive> with the <Wait To Restore> time between 60-720 seconds; Select #1<MainBoard(STM-4)> and P01 in the Working Multiplex Section. The System will fill out the Protection Multiplex Section with #1<MainBoard(STM-4)> and Port with P02 automatically.

Fig. 18.29 Create Linear Multiplex Section Protection Group

Step3: Click <OK> to finish creating MSP, and created protection groups will appear in the <MSP Management> window, double-click this protection group to see the detail information.

Fig. 18.30 MSP Management

18.5

CreatingSNCPBetweenTwoNEsUsingTwoPortsof MainBoard(STM4)
Sub-Network Connection Protection (SNCP) provides protection for a single VC-N circuit on the level of channel. In the transmission end, service is connected to two directions to send signals simultaneously. In the receiving end, NE selects best signal to receive. There are two channels used to transmit singles. One is main channel and another is backup channel. When the main channel is failed, system will switch to the protection SNCP channel to receive services. For example, SNCP protection group is composed of four NE in Fig. 18.31. The channel through NE A, D and C is main path for VC-4 main channel, and the channel through NE A, B, and C is protection channel for this service.

Fig. 18.31 SNCP Example

To implement SNCP in the ring, follow the steps below to configure each NE: Create bi-directional VC-4 level cross connection between a certain STM-1 unit port and a certain AU4 of LC2 port of NE A. Create bi-directional VC-4 level cross connection between the first AU4 of LC1 port and the first AU4 of LC2 port of NE D. Create bi-directional cross connection on the level of VC-4 between a certain STM-1 unit port and the first AU4 of LC1 port of NE C. The following example is provided to create SNCP protection group using TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT: Step1Select <Configuration><SNCP Management> from the main menu, The <SNCP Management> window will be shown. (See Fig. 18.32)

Fig. 18.32 SNCP Management

Step2: Click <Create>, then the <Create and Config SNCP> window will be shown. Click the drop-down menu of the lattice of capacity, select VC-4; Select bi-directional in service direction; Set No Revertive in Restore Mode; Set working card in the part of working TP to #1<MainBoard(STM-4)>; set working port to P01 and AU4 (#03). In fact, working TP is the slot of the cross connection line port of working channel in NE A. Set the value of protection TP to #1<MainBoard(STM-4)>, working port to P02and AU4 (#01).

Fig. 18.33 Create and Config SNCP

Step3Click <Apply>, the SNCP is created successfully. For NE A, the original bi-direction cross connection has the function of channel protection. NE A sends single to the line ports of LC1 and LC2 simultaneously and selects better single of LC1 and LC2 to receive. (See Fig. 18.34)

Fig. 18.34 SNCP Protection in NE A

Note: The way to create channel protection of NE-C is the same as that in NE-A, the difference is the working TP and protection TP is opposite to those of NE-A. After creation of SNCP protection group, click <Query> in <SNCP Management> window (See Fig. 18.32) to view the existed SNCP protection group. Select the corresponding protection group, and click <Switch>. The <SNCP Switch> window will be shown (See Fig. 18.35). In this window the condition of the current protection group is known. Meantime, operation of protection switch of SNCP protection group is done manually by clicking <Command List>.

Fig. 18.35 SNCP Switch

<Clear>: This command clears all commands that have been started and the recovery time of the operated NE <Lock Out>: Protection switching will be closed, and the working channel will take on the service. Even if there is malfunction, switching will not happen. <Force Switch to Protection>: The user switches services to protection channel by force even if there is fault on this channel. If the force switch requirement is not cleared, automatic switching will not happen. <Force Switch to working>: The user will switch service to working channel by force even if there is fault on this channel. If the force switch requirement is not cleared, automatic switching will not happen. <Manual Switch to Protection>: The user switches services to protection channel manually on the condition that there is no fault on this channel. Automatic switching is still in effect. <Manual Switch to working>: The user switches services to working channel manually on the condition that there is no fault on this channel. Automatic switching is still in effect.

19 Abbreviations
ACL AIS ATM AU BBE CC CLI CoS CSES DCC DEG EM EOW EQP ES EXC FC FE FOP GE GFP HP IOP LAN LB LCAS LCD LOC LOM LOP LOS Access Control List Alarm Indication Signal Asynchronous Transfer Mode Administration Unit Background Block Error Cross-Connect Command Line Interface Class of Service Continuous Severely Errored Second Data Communication Channel Degraded Element Management Ethernet over WDM Equipped Errored Second Excessive error Fault Count Fast Ethernet Failure of Protocol Gigabit Ethernet General Framing Procedure High Path Input Optical Power Local Area Network Laser Bias Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme Loss of Cell Delineation Loss Of Continuity Loss of Multiframe Loss of Pointer Loss of Signal

LP LT MS MSSPRing MSP MSTP NE NPJC OCD OFS OOP PDH PJCN PLM PPI PPJC QoS RDI RPR RS SDH SECB SES SNMP SPI TCA TDM TIM TLS TP TU UAS

Low Path Laser Temperature Multiplex Section Multiplex Section Shared Protection Ring Multiplex Section Protection Multi-Service Transport Platform Network Element Negative Pointer Justification Count Out of Cell Delineation Out of Frame Second Output Optical Power Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy Pointer Change Negative Payload Mismatch PDH Physical Interface Positive Pointer Justification Count Quality of Service Remote Defect Indication Resilient Packet Ring Regenerator Section Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Severely Error Cell Block Severely Errored Second Simple Network Management Protocol SDH Physical Interface Threshold Crossing Alert Time Division Multiplexing Trace Identification Mismatch Transparent LAN Service Termination Point Tributary Unit Un-Available Second

20
A

Index

ACL Configuration, 79 Alarm and Event Management, 132

C
Chassis View, 41 Cross-Connect, 57 CrossConnect Management, 57

D
Delete Card, 54

E
Ethernet Configuration and Management, 69 Ethernet Performance Monitoring, 122

F
FTP Settings, 44

G
Global Settings, 65

H
hardware requirement, 19

I
Install LCT, 26 IP Route, 93

L
LAN Card Configuration, 70 LCT Installation, 21 LED test, 110 Loopback Test, 109

M
Main Menu Bar, 36 Main Window, 36 MIB Management, 50 MSP Management, 88

N
NE Alarms, 132 NE Software Management, 48 NE Timing Setting, 43 NE Usage Statistics, 149 Node Event Log, 145

O
OSI Configuration, 107 OSPF, 96

P
Performance Monitoring, 111

R
Route Configuration, 21 RSTP Configuration, 82

S
SDH Configuration and Management, 52 SDH Performance Monitoring, 115 Set Loopback Test, 109 Shut Down LCT, 35 Shutdown NE, 43 SNCP Management, 84 Software Configuration, 20 Submenus, 39 Synchronization Management, 64

T
Title Bar, 36

U
Uninstall the LCT, 31

V
VLAN Management, 73

W
WAN Port Configuration, 72