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Reference: Basic Metallurgy for NDT - Editor J L Taylor Questions Refer to Chapters 10 & 11 1.

Which of the following is NOT a form of hardness test? Brinell Jominy Rockwell Vickers 2. Which of the following hardness test measures depth of indentation to determi ne hardness? Brinell Rockwell Shore sclerescope Vickers 3. An advantage of the shore sclerescope over other methods of hardness testing is? Portability No damage to surface of item being hardness tested Accuracy and repeatability on soft materials Both portability and no damage to surface of item being hardness tested 4. When carrying out a tensile test the maximum load to fracture is 3.2 tons and the test piece is 0.5 inches diameter. What is the tensile strength? 6.4 tons per square inch 4.07 tons per square inch 16.29 tons per square inch 8.80 tons per square inch 5. A localised extension which leads to reduction in cross section prior to frac ture is termed? Necking Luder line formation Elastic limit Yielding 6. In steels that do not exhibit yield points, the stress at which plastic defor mation begins corresponding to a small permanent strain is termed? Elastic limit Transition point Proof stress Younges modulus 7. Determine the percentage elongation if the guage length of the tensile specim en was 1.5 inches prior to fracture and 1.8 inches after fracture? 83% 16.6% 20% 80% 8. Which of the following impact tests are used to determine transition temperat

ures? IZOD Charpy Hounsfield tensometer Both Charpy and Hounsefield tensometer 9. Which of the following are possible initiation sites for fatigue? Sharp corners Poor surface finish Sub surface inclusion All of the above 10. The effects of temperature, time and load are used in assessing? Fatigue limit Endurance limit Creep behaviour Impact value 11. Which of the following will effect the result of a tensile test? Size of test piece Orientation of test piece Method of machining All of the above 12. Fracture mechanics was developed to prevent failure due to? Ductile fracture Brittle fracture Overloading Fatigue failure 13. Fracture mechanics is used to? Determine critical defect size Select material type Determine important regions to inspect All of the above 14. The load carrying ability of an engineering structure can be reduced below t he tensile strength of the material if it contains stress concentrations. This r ecognition led to the concept of a material property called? Crack opening diplacement Linear elastic fracture mectorices Notch toughness Yield stress 15. Which of the following defects is considered to be the most derimental? Surface porosity Surface cracks Subsurface non metallic inclusion Subsurface cracks

1. Jominy 2. Rockwell 3. Both portability and no damage to surface of item being hardness tested 4. 16.29 tons per square inch 5. Necking 6. Proof stress 7. 20% 8. Charpy 9. All of the above 10. Creep behaviour 11. Orientation of test piece 12. Brittle fracture 13. All of the above 14. Notch toughness 15. Surface cracks