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Title : General Description :

Sheet No Job No By Date:

Reinforced Concrete Rectangular Pad Footing Design


Calculates the reinforcement required for a reinforced rectangular or square concrete footing with a rectangular or square columns at the centre of the footing, for flexure and checks 1 way and 2 way shear at the concrete column, using ductility class N reinforcement For rectangular or square pads only, with no applied moment or horizontal forces Does not design for shear reinforcement. Not suitable for mesh reinforcement which is usually insufficient as minimum reo anyway

Limitations :

Codes / Theoretical Basis AS3600 - 2009 (Incorporating Amendment 1, 2010 ) : Warner, Rangan, Hall & Faulkes, Concrete Structures , Longman, Melbourne, 1999 Foster, Kilpatrick and Warner, Reinforced Concrete Basics 2E , Pearson, 2010 Nomenclature : Input : Symbols and notation as generally used in AS3600. Yellow cells require data input by the designer Geometry for the pad footing , etc Concrete strength etc Geometry of column etc Applied actions and allowable bearing capacity Area of tension reinforcement in both directions based on initial calculations and minimum reinforcement Iterate if does not meet minimum design values Where pink fill is used it alerts designer to options or information Output : Boxed cells with green background calculated automatically using formulae. Footing weight, working load, total ultimate load, load factor and actual bearing pressure under the footing Ultimate moment in each direction and initial area of reinforcing along with minimum reinforcement Number, size and spacing of reinforcing bars Maximum bending capacity in both directions Muo Moment capacity fMu in both directions for the chosen reinforcement Checks for minimum reinforcement Checks one way and two way shear Provides summary of the results Feedback : For comments, corrections, suggestions or other feedback regarding this spread sheet, please contact the CCAA
1.2 Minor revisions 30/09/2012

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Client Project/Job Subject

Sheet No Job No By Date:

Reinforced Rectangular Concentric Concrete Footing Design - Bending and Shear


Design for footings that are under reinforced, with N Class bar reinforcement
Preliminary overall depth of footing assuming starter bars need full development Bar size N12 N16 N20 N24 N28 N32 Overall depth 400 500 600 700 800 900 N36 1000

Data Input
Geometry of Pad Footing Length L1 Width L2 Pad area Overall Nominal Depth, D Bottom cover to bottom bars (allowing for Clause 4.10.3.5) Effective depth for flexure d and one way shear d o
(Usually = Depth D - cover to bottom bars - bar size bottom - distance to the centroid of upper layer of the tensile reo, rounded to nearest 5mm )

3,350 3,350 11.22 1,000 75 900

mm mm m2 mm mm mm
C1

L1
C/

Capacity Reduction Factors & Material Properties f f'c fsy kuo f


C2
C/L

0.8 32 500 0.36 0.7

Bending MPa MPa Shear

dom mean value of do for punching shear


(can be taken as d o conservative)

910

mm

L2

Concrete column Plan 450 450 0.203 mm mm m2


N*
Critical section for bending

Geometry of Column Column Length C1 parallel to L1 Column Width C2 parallel to L2 Column Area

Applied actions and Bearing Capacity qa 300 Allowable Bearing Capacity (Working Loads) Dead or Permanent Load G (Excl ftg weight but including any surcharge) 2,169 Live or Imposed Load Q (Including any surcharge) 898 Density of concrete in footing (Insert 0 if footing not to be included ) 25 Footing Weight (Calculated by the program) 281 Total Working Load (Calculated by the program) 3,348 4,286 Total Ultimate Load N* (Calculated by the program) Load Factor (Calculated by the program) 1.280 Actual Bearing Capacity at Underside of Footing Bp qactual 298.3 Net Design Bearing at Underside of Footing for Design of Concrete Ultimate Bearing Capacity for Concrete Design qu 273.3 349.9

Critical section for shear

kPa kN kN kN/m3 kN kN kN kN kPa Bp kPa kPa

d&

dom

Cover

Section qactual < qa OK Percentage 101%

Design Results
Bending Ultimate Moment in the L1 direction (M*= qu x L2 x ((L1-C1)/2)2/2) Ultimate Moment in the L2 direction (M*= qu x L1 x ((L2-C2)/2)2/2 ) Initial Ast in L1 direction required for M* < fMu Initial Ast in L2 direction required for M* < fMu Ast.required Ast.required 1,232.4 kN.m for total width of footing at the face of column 1,232.4 kN.m for total width of footing at the face of column 4,027 4,027 mm2 mm2 This figure is an approximation of the required reo. Check minimum reo This figure is an approximation of the required reo. Check minimum reo

Proposed reinforcement arrangement


Bar size Area of bar mm2 L1 Direction Flexure Theoretical No. of bars Actual bars required Minimum no of bars Area of bars mm2 Total Nominal Spacing of bars mm L1 Direction Min Reo Theoretical No. of bars Actual bars required Minimum no of bars Area of bars mm2 Total Nominal Spacing of bars mm L2 Direction Flexure Theoretical No. of bars Actual bars required Minimum no of bars Area of bars mm2 Total Nominal Spacing of bars mm L2 Direction Min Reo Theoretical No. of bars Actual bars required Minimum no of bars Area of bars mm2 Total Nominal Spacing of bars mm 12 113 35.6 36 36 4,028 94 12 42.5 43 43 4,859 77 12 35.6 36 36 4,068 93 12 42.5 43 43 4,859 77 Suggested bar numbers & sizes for limit state requirement M* < fM or Minimum Reo 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 201 314 452 616 804 1020 1260 20.0 21 21 4,221 163 16 23.9 24 24 4,824 141 16 20.0 21 21 4,221 163 16 23.9 24 24 4,824 141 12.8 13 13 4,082 271 20 15.3 16 16 5,024 217 20 12.8 13 13 4,082 271 20 15.3 16 16 5,024 217 8.9 9 9 4,068 406 24 10.6 11 11 4,972 325 24 8.9 9 9 4,068 406 24 10.6 11 11 4,972 325 6.5 7 7 4,312 542 28 7.8 8 8 4,928 464 28 6.5 7 7 4,312 542 28 7.8 8 8 4,928 464 5.0 6 6 4,824 650 32 6.0 6 6 4,824 650 32 5.0 6 6 4,824 650 32 6.0 6 6 4,824 650 3.9 4 4 4,080 1083 36 4.7 5 5 5,100 813 36 3.9 4 4 4,080 1083 36 4.7 5 5 5,100 813 3.2 4 4 5,040 1083 40 3.8 4 4 5,040 1083 40 3.2 4 4 5,040 1083 40 3.8 4 4 5,040 1083

Ast.provided in L1 direction Ast.provided in L2 direction d Minimum reo in L1 direction Minimum reo in L2 direction

5,024 5,024 900 4,801 4,801

mm2 mm2 mm mm2 mm2

Choose no of bars, spacing and area using the above table for L1 and input area into the yellow box left. Choose no of bars, spacing and area using the above table for L2 and input area into the yellow box left.

Design Calculations
Maximum Moment Muo at kuo=0.36 Check fMuo L1 direction = 2 f'c kuo (1-0.5 kuo) b d2 Check fMuo L2 direction = 2 f'c kuo (1-0.5 kuo) b d2 Check Moment Capacity Using Stress Blocks L1 Direction Check fMu = Ast fsy d(1- 0.5/2 (Ast fsy / (b d f'c)) = M* with As =Ast.provided Check fMu = f'c ku (1-0.5 ku) b d2 for concrete stress block Check ku calculated using Ast.required L2 Direction Check fMu = Ast fsy d(1- 0.5/2 (Ast fsy / (b d f'c)) = M* with As =Ast.provided Check fMu = f'c ku (1-0.5 ku) b d2 for concrete stress block Check ku calculated using Ast.required Calculations (Table 2.2.2) with kuo=0.36 = (1.19 13kuo/12) Calculations (Cl 8.1.3) g = 1.05 - 0.007 f'c 2 = 1.0 0.003 fc Initial Strength Requirements Requirements based on ultimate strength moment M* and d Initial calculation of reo L1 direction Initial calculation of reo L2 direction Minimum Strength Requirements (Cl 16.3.1) f'ctf = In the L1 direction deemed to comply A st.min L1 = In the L2 direction deemed to comply A
st.min

Percentage fMuo 14,947.3 kNm fMuo 14,947.3 kNm M* < fMuo M* < fMuo OK OK 1213% 1213%

fMu fMu ku

1,780.9 kNm 1,780.9 kNm 0.04

M* < fMu M* < fMu ku < kuo

OK OK OK

145% 145% 971%

fMu fMu ku

1,780.9 kNm 1,780.9 kNm 0.04

M* < fMu M* < fMu ku < kuo

OK OK OK

145% 145% 971%

= = =

0.80 0.826 0.85

limits 0.6 0.8 limits 0.67 g 0.85 limits 0.67 2 0.85

Ast = M* / ( *fsy * 0.85 *d) Ast = M* / ( *fsy * 0.85 *d)

= =

4,027 4,027

mm2 mm2

0.6 ( f'c )0.5 0.19 ( D/d )2 f'ctf / fsy bw d 0.19 ( D/d )2 f'ctf / fsy bw d

= = =

3.39 4,801 4,801

MPa mm2 mm2 Astmin< Ast prov Astmin< Ast prov OK OK

Percentage 105% 105%

L2 =

One Way Shear Requirements (Cl 8.2) Calculate shear strength of a footing without shear reinforcement Cl 8.2.7.1 Assumes no shear reinforcement 1 = 1.1(1.6 do/1000) 0.8

Vuc= 1 2 3 bv do fcv { Ast }1/3 bv d o 1 2 3 = = = = = = = = kN kN 0.8 1 1 3.17 907.9 635.5 907.9 635.5 Vuc L1 = Vuc L2 = MPa kN kN kN kN Percentage = = 644.8 644.8 635.5 635.5 kN kN Vuc> V* Vu> V* FAIL FAIL 99% 99% 1 0.8

fcv = fc 1/3 4MPa Shear strength of a footing without shear reinforcement in the L 1 direction Cl 8.2.7.1 Shear strength of a footing without shear reinforcement in the L 2 direction Cl 8.2.7.1 Requirement for shear reinforcement Cl 8.2.5 V* v u V* in L1 direction V* in L2 direction V* = qu*L2*((L1-C1)/2-do) V* = qu*L1*((L2-C2)/2-do))

fcv Vuc L1 vuc L1 Vuc L2 vuc L2

Two Way Shear Requirements (Cl 9.2.3 (a)) Requirements based on ultimate strength moment M*=0 V* Punching V* = qu*(L1* L2* - (C1+dom)*(C2 +dom)) a1 Shear Perimeter a Shear Perimeter h Ratio dimension a1 = 2*(Cl+dom) a > of a1 or a2 h > of Bh1 or Bh2 fcv 2 way shear 0.34f'c fcv 2 way shear Vuo Vuo = u dom fcv or fcv 2 way shear 0.17(1+2/h)f'c

= = = = = = = = =

3,280 2,720 2,720 1.00 1.92 2.88 1.92 9,521 6,665

kN mm mm MPa MPa MPa kN kN

u Shear Perimeter = 2*(C1+C2+2dom) a2 Shear Perimeter = 2*(C2+dom)

= =

5,440 2,720

mm mm

Percentage Vuo> V* OK 203%

Results based on size, concrete strength and area of tensile reinforcement chosen
L1 Direction Depth to neutral axis Neutral axis parameter Depth of compression block L2 Direction Depth to neutral axis Neutral axis parameter Depth of compression block dn ku g ku d o dn ku g ku d o 33.4 0.037 27.6 33.4 0.037 27.6 mm mm mm mm Design Moment in the L1 direction Actual bending capacity Reinforcement ratio Area of steel chosen Design Moment in the L2 direction Actual bending capacity Reinforcement ratio Area of steel chosen M* f Mu p Ast M* f Mu p Ast 1,232.4 1,780.9 0.002 5,024 1,232.4 1,780.9 0.002 5,024 kNm kNm mm2 kNm kNm mm2