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Sample Solution

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Task 1 PERFORMING INITIAL ROUTER STARTUP Step 1 : Console into R1. Enter privileged m ode, erase the startup-config, and reload. Action:

r 1 >e n a b l e r 1 #e r a s es t a r t u p c o n f i g E r a s i n gt h en v r a mf i l e s y s t e mw i l lr e m o v ea l lc o n f i g u r a t i o nf i l e s ! C o n t i n u e ?[ c o n f i r m ] ( P R E S SE N T E RT OC O N F I R M ) r 1 #r e l o a d P r o c e e dw i t hr e l o a d ?[ c o n f i r m ]

( P R E S SE N T E RT OC O N F I R M )

Result: Be sure to do this step on R1, not R2. Anytime you see a device blinking, it is a reminder to console into a new device. Explanation: The router already has a baseline configuration. You are erasing it so that you can configure one from scratch. Step 2 : On R1, answ er yes to enter the initial configuration dialog. Action:

W o u l dy o ul i k et oe n t e rt h ei n i t i a lc o n f i g u r a t i o nd i a l o g ?[ y e s / n o ] :y e s

Result: Explanation: The configuration dialog helps to put a simple configuration on the router. It w orks by asking you questions and turning the responses into the proper commands needed for configuration. This is helpful if you have never configured a Cisco router before because you dont need to be familiar w ith command syntax. Step 3 : On R1, answ er yes to enter basic m anagem ent setup. Action:

W o u l dy o ul i k et oe n t e rb a s i cm a n a g e m e n ts e t u p ?[ y e s / n o ] :y e s

Result: Explanation: 1/5


Explanation: The primary difference betw een the basic and extended management setup is the number of interfaces configured. In this lab, you w ill be using the configuration dialog to place an IP address on one interface. Because of this, the basic management setup is the best choice. Step 4 : Use the nam e r1 w hen asked to enter a hostnam e. Action:


E n t e rh o s tn a m e[ R o u t e r ] :r 1

Result: Explanation: Notice that the name [Router] is given to you as a choice. Anytime there is only one option in brackets, it is the default answ er. Pressing ENTER w ould accept the default answ er. In this case, how ever, w e w ant the routers name to be more descriptive, so enter r1 instead. Step 5 : When prom pted for an enable secret on R1, enter: sanfran Action:

E n t e re n a b l es e c r e t :s a n f r a n

Result: Be especially careful here not to mistype or add an extra space after sanfran. Also, although you could change the passw ord to something other than sanfran, you may run into unnecessary problems in later labs that are assuming that your passw ord matches w hat is listed here. Explanation: The enable secret passw ord provides security for privileged exec mode. When it is configured, a user cannot get beyond user mode unless they enter the passw ord. If you only have access to user mode, you cannot make configuration changes or enter debug commands. Step 6 : On R1, enter the answ er cisco w hen asked for the enable passw ord. Action:

E n t e re n a b l ep a s s w o r d :c i s c o

Result: The enable passw ord has the same job as the enable secret passw ord: to provide security for privileged exec mode. If both are configured, only the enable secret passw ord is used. In this lab, you have an enable secret of sanfran and an enable passw ord of cisco. If you attempted to access privileged mode using cisco, it w ouldnt w ork since only sanfran w ould be valid. So w hy bother configure an enable passw ord at all? To find out, read the explanation below . Explanation: Some routers have a miniature operating system that is only used w hen something happens to the real IOS. If you are familiar w ith Window s, this miniature IOS is analogous to Safe Mode. In Window s Safe Mode, you cant do everything, but you can do most things that w ould be helpful in recovering the system. The Cisco mini-IOS (RxBoot) is installed at the factory. Its possible to have an older router w ith an RxBoot image that w as created before the enable secret command existed, even though the IOS that runs on the router has been updated to a current IOS. If this happened and you had problems w ith your IOS, the router w ould boot up, but security w ould be non-existent since it w ouldnt understand w hat enable secret meant. In this instance, if you had configured both commands for the regular IOS, the enable secret (new er commmand) w ould be ignored and the enable passw ord (older command) w ould still keep your router secure in RxBoot. Step 7 : Enter sanjose w hen asked for a virtual term inal passw ord for R1. Action:




E n t e rv i r t u a lt e r m i n a lp a s s w o r d :s a n j o s e

Result: Explanation: The virtual terminal (VTY) passw ord is used to authenticate users that attempt to telnet into the sw itch. Telnet allow s you to access the sw itch remotely. Step 8 : Answ er no w hen asked to configure SNMP Netw ork Managem ent. Action:

C o n f i g u r eS N M PN e t w o r kM a n a g e m e n t ?[ n o ] :n o

Result: Explanation: The w ord no is by itself in brackets. This indicates it is the default answ er. You could press the ENTER key here instead of typing the answ er. Step 9 : A sum m ary of the interfaces found on the router w ill be show n next. When prom pted for an interface nam e for connecting to the m anagem ent netw ork, enter fastethernet0/0. Action:

E n t e ri n t e r f a c en a m eu s e dt oc o n n e c tt ot h e m a n a g e m e n tn e t w o r kf r o mt h ea b o v ei n t e r f a c es u m m a r y :f a s t e t h e r n e t 0 / 0

Result: Explanation: This simply means, You are about to configure one of these interfaces, w hich one w ould you like to pick? Step 10 : On R1, answ er no w hen prom pted to use the RJ-45 connector. Action:

U s et h e1 0 0B a s e T X( R J 4 5 )c o n n e c t o r[ y e s ] :n o

Result: Explanation: On some routers, you may find tw o different connectors (for instance an Ethernet AUI and an RJ-45) both marked w ith the same interface label. This is an either-or situation. You cant use both interfaces at the same time. If your cable has an AUI connection, you use that. If you instead have cable w ith an RJ-45 connector, you use that. In this case, how ever, you only have an RJ-45. Logically, you w ould think you should answ er yes here, but if you did, the router w ould later give you an error stating that you dont have a choice betw een media types, since there is only one. Silly router. Step 11 : On R1, answ er no w hen prom pted to have interface f0/0 operate in full-duplex. Action:

O p e r a t ei nf u l l d u p l e xm o d e ?n o



O p e r a t ei nf u l l d u p l e xm o d e ?n o

Result: Explanation: By answ ering no, the interface w ill autonegotiate duplex w ith the other side of the link. Step 12 : When prom pted to configure IP on R1s interface, answ er yes. Action:

C o n f i g u r eI Po nt h i si n t e r f a c e ?y e s

Result: Explanation: It is not asking you to type in an IP address yet. It is asking a yes or no question. Step 13 : Enter the IP address for this interface w hen prom pted on R1. Action:

I Pa d d r e s sf o rt h i si n t e r f a c e :1 0 . 1 . 1 . 1


Step 14 : Enter w hen prom pted for a subnet m ask on R1. Action:

S u b n e tm a s kf o rt h i si n t e r f a c e[ 2 5 5 . 0 . 0 . 0 ] :2 5 5 . 2 5 5 . 2 5 5 . 0

Result: Explanation: It is show ing the default mask of in the brackets because is a Class A address. How ever, you are overriding that w ith the mask, w hich means that the address has been subnetted and you are borrow ing an extra 16 bits. Step 15 : A configuration w ill be created based on the questions you answ ered. Page dow n to the bottom of the config using the space bar. Action:

T h ef o l l o w i n gc o n f i g u r a t i o nc o m m a n ds c r i p tw a sc r e a t e d : ( P R E S ST H ES P A C EB A RT OP A G ED O W N ) Result: Explanation: As you look through the configuration, you w ill see the commands that w ere generated based on the information you provided such as: hostname, enable secret, enable passw ord, VTY passw ord, and IP address. 4/5



Step 16 : Select 2 w hen prom pted to save the configuration to NVRAM and exit. Action:

E n t e ry o u rs e l e c t i o n[ 2 ] :2 r 1 > Result: Explanation: If you made any mistakes w hen going through the dialog, you can enter 1 to start over. Entering 0 breaks out of the dialog altogether. Once you are satisfied that your configuration is correct, entering 2 saves the configuration to NVRAM. This means that even if the device is reloaded, the configuration w ill remain. Step 17 : Verify that the configuration that w as created w ith the setup dialog w as saved to NVRAM. Action:

r 1 >e n a b l e P a s s w o r d :s a n f r a n r 1 #s h o ws t a r t

Result: Explanation: You should see the changes you made for hostname, enable secret, enable passw ord, VTY passw ord, and IP address listed in the configuration. Since it has been saved to NVRAM, the configuration w ould not be lost if the router w ere reloaded. Step 18 : You have finished the lab. Action: You can take this lab again if time permits. Result: Explanation: To take the lab a second time, you first need to reset the devices back to the baseline configurations that w ere present at the beginning of the lab. This can be done by clicking on the Device Controls link on the left bar, selecting all devices, and clicking the Reload button. Once the devices are all marked green, you can begin the lab. This process takes several minutes. You can also test your mastery of the material w hen you take a lab for the second time. Instead of using the Sam ple Solution link w hich w alks you through each step, you can use the Suggested Approach link. This provides the same steps, but w ithout the w alkthrough.