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NOVEMBER 2008 SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATION

SUBJECT NAME: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS II CODE: SMT211T/SMT101T DURATION: 3 HOURS

TOTAL MARKS: 100 FULL MARKS: 100

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: NON-PROGRAMMABLE POCKET CALCULATORS INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES: ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS

NUMBER OF PAGES (COVER PAGE INCLUDED) : 3 + APPENDIX

COURSE: ND: ENGINEERING : MECHANICAL

FIRST EXAMINER: DA DESAI SECOND EXAMINER: MODERATOR: FM MASHILE

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NOV2008 RE/SMT211T/SMT101T

QUESTION 1 The results of a tensile test on a mild steel specimen are as follows: original diameter = 20 mm; original gauge length = 40 mm; proportional limit load = 80 kN; extension at proportional limit = 0.048 mm; yield point load = 85 kN; maximum recorded load = 150 kN; final length between gauge points = 55.6 mm and final minimum diameter (neck) = 15.8 mm. Calculate: a) the modulus of elasticity for mild steel; b) the proportional limit stress; c) the ultimate tensile stress; d) the percentage elongation; and e) the percentage reduction in area. /15/ QUESTION 2 Two vertical wires are suspended a distance of 450 mm apart. Their lower ends support a rigid horizontal bar, which carries a load W. The left-hand wire is made of copper and has a diameter of 3 mm. The right-hand wire is made of steel and has a diameter of 2 mm. a) Determine the position of W from the copper wire if the elongation in both wires is the same. b) If both wires are initially 3.5 m long, determine the load carried by each wire and the total elongation if W = 350 N Esteel = 200 GPa and Ecopper = 100 GPa.

/15/ QUESTION 3 A hollow box beam ABC of length L is supported at end A by a 20 mm diameter pin that passes through the beam and its supporting pedestals (see figure). The roller support a B is located at distance L/3 from end A. a) Determine the average shear stress in the pin due to a load P = 10 kN.

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NOV2008 RE/SMT211T/SMT101T

b) Determine the average bearing stress between the pin and the box beam if the wall thickness of the beam = 12 mm. /15/

QUESTION 4 A solid steel shaft, 100 mm in diameter and 1 m long, is to be coupled in series to a hollow shaft with an external diameter of 125 mm and an internal diameter of 100 mm. The length l of the hollow shaft is to be such that when a torque of 15 kN.m is transmitted, the total angle of twist shall not exceed 2.5o. Determine the maximum permissible value of l and the torsional stiffness of the compound shaft. G = 80 GPa. /10/ QUESTION 5 A thin rim with a mean diameter of 1.2 m and a cross-section of 15 mm x 200 mm rotates at 800 r/min. Calculate the a) magnitude of the force and the stress in the rim if the density of the material is 7.8 Mg/m3, and b) change in diameter due to rotation. E = 200 GPa. /16/ QUESTION 6

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NOV2008 RE/SMT211T/SMT101T

a) Determine the reactions at the supports; b) Draw the Shear Force diagram; c) Draw the Bending Moment diagram; d) Find the maximum Shear Force and maximum Bending Moment; e) Determine the point(s) of contraflexure.

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NOV2008 RE/SMT211T/SMT101T

QUESTION 7 A close-coil helical spring having n coils of steel wire and a mean diameter D, which is eight times the diameter d of the wire, has a stiffness of d/n x constant N/m. Calculate: a) the value of the constant; b) the wire diameter for a spring having 10 turns and a stiffness of 8.69 kN/m; and c) the stress in the wire for a load of 333 N. G = 80 GPa. /10/

/24/ TOTAL MARKS [100]