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Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI)

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER

WHAT IS COMPUTER?

In general, a computer is an electronic system designed to manipulate data. They are devices designed for storing, moving, adding, subtracting, and evaluating data. Computers should have all four basic functions in common – input →processing → storage → and output.

Three Basic System Components of a Computer

Hardware ›› refers to the tangible components of a computer system. Hardware components are further divided into three groups namely:

Input Devices

Output Devices

System Unit

Software ›› is the component of a computer system which refers to the set of instruction written in a code that computers can understand and execute. Another name for this set of instruction is what we call a program.

In general, there are three types of software:

System Software

Applications

Programming Languages

Peopleware ›› we are the peopleware, the actual users of the computer system. A common misconception is that, the computers will eventually replace humans in the workplace.

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INPUT DEVICE

Inputting is the process of feeding data into a computer. A typical way of feeding or entering data into a computer is by typing on a keyboard. Data entry is defined as a process of feeding data into the computer memory and issuing commands that tells the processor how to work with the data.

EXAMPLES

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) INPUT DEVICE Inputting is the process of feeding data into

Keyboard - is the standard input device of most computers.

Mouse - is a hand-clicked device used for pointing, selecting and issuing commands.

Track Ball - it is like a stationary up-side down mouse. track ball is usually included in portable computers such laptop and mostly used when space is limited.

Joystick/Game Pad - a device which is commonly used computer games. It allows for sudden, rapid movements directions – a must in most computer games.

Light

Pen

-

a

device

used

to draw,

write

or issue

commands when it touches a specially designed screen.

Video Input Device - with a video digitizer, you can use images from video cameras, camcorders, VCR’S and

optical

disk players

as

an

input device

to computers.

They can

be

used

in

still

form

or as digitized moving

video.

The as for in all
The
as
for
in
all

Scanner - an input device that can encode into the windows environment an entire set of data at once, i.e. picture, documents etc., it is also capable of inputting text into the computer system using a technology known as OCR (optical character recognition).

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) INPUT DEVICE Inputting is the process of feeding data into

Other input device - there are other devices constantly being developed for the so called “High Technology” like the Bluetooth device, Infra-Red devices and touch pads found in laptops.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) INPUT DEVICE Inputting is the process of feeding data into
Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) INPUT DEVICE Inputting is the process of feeding data into

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OUTPUT DEVICE

Output devices are pieces of computer hardware that allow a computer system to communicate information to a user or another system. This information can be in any form, and includes sound, images, and even tactile experiences. Output devices can usually only be used to send data from the computer.

Examples:

Printer – provides hard copy output on paper. It converts softcopies into hardcopies.

2 Types of Printer

Impact Printer -An impact printer prints by hitting an ink soaked ribbon with a print head.

Non-Impact Printer – Non-impact printers are printers in which the printing heads or ink transfer devices do not come in direct contact with the paper. However, the cost of using a non-impact printer is much higher than that of the previous because ink cartridges are much more costly than a regular ribbon cartridge.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) OUTPUT DEVICE Output devices are pieces of computer hardware that
Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) OUTPUT DEVICE Output devices are pieces of computer hardware that

Video Monitor – also known as Display Monitor. These are the most common output device aside from printer.

Types of Monitor

Cathode Ray Tube (CRT)

Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)

Light Emitting Diode (LED)

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) OUTPUT DEVICE Output devices are pieces of computer hardware that

Speakers – used for audio outputs such as beeps, human voice, and music.

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Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) OUTPUT DEVICE Output devices are pieces of computer hardware that

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI)

SYSTEM UNIT

Computer Casing– an important component of the computer system for the simple reason that it encloses all of the components mention earlier and protects there components from static electricity. Without the computer casing, the different computer parts will be easily damaged by static electricity as well as humidity.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) SYSTEM UNIT  Computer Casing – an important component of

Motherboard – it is the central nervous system of the computer. All of the important components of a computer like the processor, memory, sound card, video card, and other I/O devices are attached directly to motherboard. It is also responsible for passing the result information to the users via the output devices. It contains a number of electronic components that are essential in processing and storage operations in some of the routine and control functions of the computer system.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) SYSTEM UNIT  Computer Casing – an important component of

BIOS – acronym for Basic Input Output System. The BIOS is responsible for initializing the computer from the time that the power button is pressed, it cycles through the different components installed on the computer and basically reports to the system the result of its evaluation during each start-up process. The CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) is the software responsible for the BIOS, it is where you configure the computer as to what its components will function.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) SYSTEM UNIT  Computer Casing – an important component of

I/O Ports – there are connections from the main circuit board (motherboard) to peripherals such as a keyboard, mouse, printer, monitor, speakers etc. Most common ports are located at the rear side of the casing of the system unit.

Expansion Slots – are the long plug-in strips in the main circuit board. These are used to connect expansion

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Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI)

cards to the main board. An expansion card is a small printed circuit board that gives the computer additional capabilities.

3 Major Types of Expansion Slots

AGP (accelerated graphics port)

PCI (peripheral component interconnect)

PCIE (peripheral component interconnect extended)

Bus – Is a set of hardware lines within the computer system through which data is transferred among different components. The bus speed is a term used to describe the rate at which data is transferred to and from the motherboard to the different components attached to it.

Bridge – serves as the connection points within the system board to the different components attached to it and is responsible for controlling the flow of data across the main board.

Types of Bridge

North Bridge – contains the chipset of the motherboard that controls the flow of data to and from the motherboard. The north bridge contains a direct link between the CPU, main memory, and the PCI slot for quick access and data transfer.

South Bridge – its main function is to provide a link between the remaining expansion slots, the I/O ports, the different drives to the CPU and main memory.

Memory – functions as the data buffer of the computer, data that are needed to be processed by the CPU will be temporarily stored in the memory before they actually sent to the CPU to be processed. There are different memory modules that where developed but there are 2 types being used today and there are the DDRSDRAM (double data rate synchronous dynamic random access memory) and the SDRAM (synchronous dynamic random access memory).

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) cards to the main board. An expansion card is a

Video Graphic Array (VGA) – this is where the interpreted data is transmitted and further processed to be converted into visual signals that are displayed by the monitor.

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Sound Card / Audio Adapter – any data that needs to be converted into audible signals are processed in this add on card.

Modem – enables computer to connect to the World Wide web (internet). It connects via a telephone line where data coming from the net pass through and is interpreted by the computer.

Local Area Network Card (LAN Card) – it is used to connect computers in a locality (computers in a particular location, i.e. a school or an office). It facilitates the transfer of data within all the interconnected computers.

IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) – a hardware interface used to connect

hard drives, optical drives and tape drives to a Pc, in which the controller

electronics

is

integrated

is

known

as

the

ATA

(Automatic

Transfer

Attachment).

Power Supply – relays power to the different internal as well as external components of the computer. It has different specialized connectors that attach to each peripheral of the computer (motherboard, CD ROM drive, HDD, CPU and system fans etc.)

Optical Drives – these are peripherals found within the system unit where mediums such as CDROMS (compact disk read-only memory) and DVDROM (digital video disk read-only memory).

Types of Optical Drives

CDROM Drive – an optical drive that utilizes laser light to read data encoded on a compact disk, capacity of the medium range from 650mb to 750mb.

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CD R/W Drive – same function as the CDROM drive but can also write on CD R and CD R/W.

DVDROM Drive – an optical drive that utilizes a finer type of laser light to read encoded data on a DVDROM disk as well as CDROM disk.

DVD R/W Drive – function in the same way as a DVDROM drive but can also write on the medium. This drive is more advantageous than a CD R/W because of the huge amount s of data that can be encoder into the DVD disk ranging 4.0GB to 4.2 GB.

Blu-Ray Drive - Blu-ray drives are the latest optical drives available in the commercial market. Blu-ray drives are typically reserved for devices with high-definition display capabilities, including high-end computers and the PlayStation 3 video game console.

AUXILIARY OR SECONDARY STORAGE UNIT

Hard Disk Drive (HDD) – is a large storage device essential for almost all PC applications where large amounts of information are processed. Also, permanently contained in drive enclosure and not normally removed. Hard disk drive are able to read and write from the disk much more quickly

Floppy Drive – it is an inexpensive removable storage device used for storing relatively small amounts of data.

USB Flash Drive – commonly called as (USB drive). A USB flash drive is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface. USB flash drives are typically removable and rewritable, and physically much smaller than a floppy disk. Most weigh less than 30 g.

CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT (CPU)

Is an integrated circuit chip containing the electronic circuitry that controls the interpretation and execution of instructions. It is also known as the “brain” of the computer.

Control Unit (CU) – is the part of the CPU that directs the step by step

operation

of

the

computer.

It

is

the

one in-charge

of obtaining data

in

processing instructions.

 

Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) – capable of performing arithmetic and logical operation. ALU is responsible for making comparison for the CU in order to determine whether the processing operations are mathematical or logical.

ASSEMBLING A COMPUTER SYSTEM

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Assembling a computer system requires a certain level of skill to perform properly. Familiarization with all the parts of the computer is of utmost importance as it will directly determine how and where these parts will be placed and their relationship with other computer peripherals. Safety precautions are also a standard protocol when assembling a computer unit to ensure the quality of the finished work.

Safety Precautions When Handling Computer Components

  • 1. It is important to use your anti-static wrist strap.

  • 2. Ground yourself from static electricity

  • 3. Turn off your computer and switch off your power supply at the wall before installing or removing any components.

  • 4. Never cut the grounding pin of your power cord.

  • 5. Be careful on sharp edges!

  • 6. Never dismantle discrete electronic components such as your power supply or monitor because it is dangerous. They contain high voltage capacitors, which can cause a severe electronic shock if you touch them.

You won’t need many tools to assemble your computer, in fact the only must have is a screwdriver, but if you can get most of the following together, you’ll find things go a little easier.

Basic Tools

Before you begin building or refitting a computer, you will need some basic tools:

  • 1. Phillips head screwdriver (cross-shaped)

  • 2. Needle nose pliers

  • 3. Anti-static wrist strap

  • 4. A large level workspace

Optional, but useful tools

Some other tools and equipment can come in handy as well, such as:

  • 1. Grounding mat or anti-static-carpet

  • 2. Spring action parts grabber

  • 3. Electrical Tape

  • 4. Flashlight

  • 5. A second, working computer to swap parts, look for tips, ask for help online, download drivers and patches, etc. – very useful

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6. A can of compressed air – useful when working with older parts that have collected dust. A better alternative but also more costly, is a vacuum cleaner designed for cleaning electronics.

IMPORTANT REMINDERS

Preparation

Proper preparation is the key to a successful build. Before you begin, make sure you have all the tools you will need, and secure a clear, well-lit workspace. Gather all the components you’ll be using and unpack them one at a time. Verify everything that is supposed to be there is actually present. At this point, you should leave the parts themselves in their protective anti-static bags, and assemble all the accompanying manuals.

Handling Components Correctly

When handling computer components like mother boards, videocards, memory or even a hard drive, it is best to hold them by the edges. If you hold that videocard (for example) by the edges the PCB it is less likely that your fingers will even come in contact with any conductors, decreasing the chance of causing any ESD damage further still. Now that the ESD precautions are out of the way, what do you need to build your computer? -ATX computer case with at least 350-watt power supply -Processor with appropriate heat sink -1 or more memory module (RAM) compatible with the motherboard and processor -1 or more IDE/SATA hard disk drive -1 or more optical drive (CD/DVD) -1 floppy disk drive -1 PS/2 or USB keyboard -1 PS/2 or USB mouse -at least one video card (i.e. PCI-E, 8XAGP, integrated video, etc.) compatible with the motherboard. -DVI or VGA monitor -sound card (there are generally integrated with mother board. Though depending on your requirement, this may not be enough) -10/100 Ethernet Network Adaptor a.k.a NIC (if you plan to connect the computer to other computers in your household. -Phillips screwdriver with a long neck, preferably magnetized, because you WILL lose screw or two during the course of this. -A flashlight is always good thing to have. So is a big desk, portable where scratches on the surface aren’t a big deal.

CONSTRUCTION OF SYSTEM UNIT

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Each process will follow during the discussion

Preparing the Case

 

Installing

the

Motherboard

Risers Installing the Motherboard and

CPU Installing Heat Sink and Cooling

Fan Installing Memory Module (RAM)

Mounting

the

Motherboard

Installing the Motherboard

Installing the Floppy Drive Installing and the Hard Drive

Installing the Video Card

Installing PCI Expansion Cards

Finishing Up

Powering up for the first time

WHAT IS AN OPERATING SYSTEM?

An operating system or “OS” is a program that is loaded after the computer starts- up and manages all operations and applications in a computer. The most popular operating system is Microsoft’s Windows.

Other examples of operating systems are:

Apple’s Mac OS X

Redhat Linux, and other open source distributions of Linux

Why do we need to install an Operating System?

Without an operating system a computer is just a metal casing with components

inside it. The operating system acts as an interface between the user and the computer, translating the user inputs into machine instructions and, thus letting the computer perform the desired task.

How to Format Hard Drive

Format is a command used to format hard disk partitions. This is used when you want to delete everything from your hard drive or you don’t have any important data on your hard disk drive and you want to clean your hard disk. If you have Fdisk and created and modified any partitions so you should format hard disk partition which is created.

*Always remember when you format your hard disk, all data stored in that partition is lost. To format hard disk, you should restart your computer in MSDOS mode with the help of system disk and use the commands below.

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INSTALLATION OF OPERATING SYSTEM

Things you should do before, during and after OS installation Check the hardware specification if it is meets the OS minimum hardware requirements. Back up the important documents, pictures, emails and bookmarks. Prepare the Motherboard specific drivers and applications. During installation, always create two logical drives. After installation, reconfigure the Personal settings such as display, desktop shortcuts and explorer Settings.

INSTALLING WINDOWS 98

Startup

Put the Windows 98 CD into the drive and boot the PC. A message saying "Starting Windows 98 installation will begin when you press a button" Press [ENTER]

Menu

A menu that requires (among other options):

Start installing Windows 98 Command line

Choose Command Line option Then when "a: \>" prompt appears, type:

format c: /s /q and press [ENTER] at this stage, the disc will be erased; you will be requested to confirm. Agree with the [O]

Restart

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Once formatting is complete, restart the PC. And in the menu, choose "Start Windows 98 Setup"

NB:

If you have a message like:

Unable to create a temporary directory. If you have HPFS or NTFS partition on your hard disk, you must create a boot partition MS-DOS to install Windows.

This message means that other steps must precede the stage of formatting. These steps involve the removal of active partitions and creating new partitions compatible with Windows 98.

Post Installation

After choosing the option "Run Windows 98 Setup" in the start menu, the installer will take the following steps:

Scan Disk

A blue screen will look for possible errors on the disk until the end of the scan, then press [END] (keyboard <- and ->, + Enter).

Scan Registry

Wait until the end of this test.

Copying files needed for installation

Wait until the copy is done.

Introduction screen

A screen graphic appears, welcoming you to install Windows 98:

Press "CONTINUE".

Progression

A progress bar will appear, to initialize the wizard; wait for the progress.

Directory Selection

Leave the default "c: \ Windows" Press "NEXT".

System Analysis

Wait until the end of this stage

Installation Options

For now, we will leave the default options So press "NEXT"

Windows Components

For now, we will leave the default options, so press "NEXT"

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Identification

Put your name in the first case (example: sam3000) Press "NEXT"

Location

Choose your country, "US" Press "NEXT"

Startup Disk

We do not need this at the moment Press "NEXT"

A progress bar will start to grow Then a message will appear: "Insert a floppy in the drive" Press "CANCEL"

If a confirmation message appears:

Press "OK"

Copy files

Press "NEXT" And wait until the end of the copy. The time required by this operation and its progress is displayed on the left.

First reboot

Once the file copy process is complete, a message indicates it will restart Press [OK]

Restart

After reboot, we need for the CD-ROM not to start. Change the boot sequence if

needed

....

tt

must boot from your Hard Disk

License Agreement

It is not worth reading :-) Press [Accept] and then press [NEXT]

Microsoft Product Key

Here, you need the key to install Windows 98. It is composed of numbers and letters, the form:

YYYY-BBBBB-CCCCC-DDDD-EEEEE

Enter the code in the appropriate boxes, then click [NEXT]

NB: check that no errors were committed during the seizure.

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Startup Wizard

A confirmation screen indicates that Windows 98 was installed, press [END]

Hardware Configuration Windows

Wait while Windows configures the hardware

Restart

A message appears at the end of this operation, announcing the restart of the PC Press [RESTART]

System Configuration

After Windows restarts, a stage setting is to be made: this step takes up the last 10 minutes of installation (in general).

Time zone

Fix sound system date, time and your time zone (if it is necessary to change, of course) Then press [CLOSE]

Windows will continue setting up.

Restart

Another reboot Press [Restart Now]

Conclusion

Well, coming here, it indicates that the installation of Windows 98 went well. Now it's time to install the drivers! It is a step in part because we need other CDs

(motherboard and graphic card

...

)

Last details on the Windows 98 startup after installation.

  • - A box containing two fields: the name and password, will be presented

Press [OK]

  • - A box of welcome to Windows 98 will be displayed Uncheck the "Show the next time"

Then press [CLOSE]

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Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) INSTALLING WINDOWS XP What you will need:  Computer systemBIOS setup. PROCEDURE: 1. Turn on the computer. 15 | I n s t a l l C o m p u t e r S y s t e m a n d N e t w o r k s " id="pdf-obj-14-4" src="pdf-obj-14-4.jpg">

INSTALLING WINDOWS XP

What you will need:

Computer system with at least 1GB memory and a 500 GB hard disk drive. Windows installation CD. Windows XP license key. System manual that comes into your computer.

STEP 1: SETTING UP THE BOOT OPTION

Why do we need to set the computer to boot from the CD-ROM drive?

Normally a computer system boots from the hard drive. From here, the computer loads the operating system that is installed on the computer system.

Since we are installing a new operating system on the computer, and our installation files are stored in a CD-ROM, we need to set the computer to boot from the CD-ROM drive instead. This is done in the BIOS setup.

PROCEDURE:

  • 1. Turn on the computer.

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  • 2. Press the Delete key while the computer is starting up to enter the BIOS setup. This will work on most computers.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) 2. Press the Delete key while the computer is starting
Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) 2. Press the Delete key while the computer is starting
  • 3. In the BIOS setup screen, look for the Boot Options Menu. This is usually found at the top of the screen. In some computers it is found in the Advance menu.

  • 4. Select the CD-ROM Drive as the first boot device.

  • 5. Go to the Exit menu and select Save and Exit to save your configuration.

Note: Other computers have function keys to access the BIOS setup. You may need to consult your user’s manual on how to access the BIOS setup screen. You may need to consult the User's Manual on how to set the CD-ROM Drive as first boot device.

STEP 2: PARTITIONING THE HARD DRIVE

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What is disk partitioning?

Disk partitioning is simply dividing your hard drive into multiple volumes known as logical drives.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) What is disk partitioning? Disk partitioning is simply dividing your

As an example, if you have a 500 GB hard drive, you can divide the hard drive into two volumes, each with 250GB ( e.g. 250 GB drive C: and 250 GB drive D: ). By doing this, you can install the operating system and applications in one volume and your data and documents in another volume.

In case the operating system gets corrupted and needs to be re-installed, you can do so without losing documents and other data since these are stored in another partition.

PROCEDURE:

  • 1. Insert the Windows XP Installation CD in the CD-ROM drive and restart the computer.

  • 2. When prompted as the computer reboots, press any key to start the installation.

  • 3. After the installer completes copying all necessary files to install Windows XP, you will be taken to the welcome setup screen. To install a fresh copy of Windows XP, press the Enter key.

Read the Windows XP License Agreement, and then press F8 to agree with the terms and conditions and proceed with the installation.

Deleting a partition

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) What is disk partitioning? Disk partitioning is simply dividing your

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To delete a partition. Select the drive then press D, and then press Enter, and finally press the L

Creating a Partition

When the partition with a previously installed operating system has been deleted, a new partition can now be created on the hard disk. Press C key on the keyboard to create a new partition.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) To delete a partition. Select the drive then press D
Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) To delete a partition. Select the drive then press D

In this example you will use 60 GB as the partition size. Enter 60000 MB as the partition size and press

ENTER.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) To delete a partition. Select the drive then press D

After creating the partition, you will be brought back to the hard disk partition screen. Select the partition that you have created then press ENTER.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) To delete a partition. Select the drive then press D

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STEP 3: FORMATTING THE HARD DRIVE

Why do we need to format the hard drive?

Formatting the hard drive is a process that prepares the hard drive for writing and reading data. The process involves erasing all data stored on the hard drive. It also tests the disk for errors and corrects them if any are found. When formatting the hard drive, we need to specify a file system. In Windows XP, we can select either the FAT32 or NTFS.

PROCEDURE:

Select “Format the partition using the NTFS file system” option and press ENTER to continue.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) STEP 3: FORMATTING THE HARD DRIVE Why do we needFAT32 or NTFS . PROCEDURE: Select “Format the partition using the NTFS file system” option and press ENTER to continue. After the drive is formatted, the installer will copy the installation files to your hard disk. Once all the operations are completed, the computer will restart. Note: Do not remove the Windows XP installation CD from the CD-ROM Drive while the computer is restarting. After the computer reboots, it will automatically start the Windows installer. You may proceed to the next step. Note : the windows will ask again to “press any to boot from CD… “DO NOT press any key or it will start the process all over again. STEP 3: SETTING UP THE WINDOWS ENVIRONMENT Setting the Windows environment lets you localize the version of Windows you are installing. For example, if you want to display text in Chinese, you can set this in the Regional and Language Options. 19 | I n s t a l l C o m p u t e r S y s t e m a n d N e t w o r k s " id="pdf-obj-18-20" src="pdf-obj-18-20.jpg">

After the drive is formatted, the installer will copy the installation files to your hard disk. Once all the operations are completed, the computer will restart.

Note: Do not remove the Windows XP installation CD from the CD-ROM Drive while the computer is restarting.

After the computer reboots, it will automatically start the Windows installer. You may proceed to the next step.

Note: the windows will ask again to “press any to boot from CD… “DO NOT press any key or it will start the process all over again.

STEP 3: SETTING UP THE WINDOWS ENVIRONMENT

Setting the Windows environment lets you localize the version of Windows you are installing. For example, if you want to display text in Chinese, you can set this in the Regional and Language Options.

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Procedure:

  • 1. When Windows XP starts for the first time it will scan for any new hardware and will install the needed drivers of the supported devices, this may take several minutes to complete.

  • 2. The Regional and Language Options screen will appear. Click the Next button to accept the default setting and continue.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. When Windows XP starts for the first time
Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. When Windows XP starts for the first time
Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. When Windows XP starts for the first time
  • 3. On the Personalize Your Software screen, enter your name and organization. Then click the Next button to continue.

Example: Enter “Juan Dela Cruz” as your name and “Computer Corporation” in the organization text box.

  • 4. Next, enter your Windows XP Product Key that comes with your Installation CD. The product key is 25 characters long and is unique for every installation CD. Once you have entered the product key, click the Next button to continue.

STEP 5: SETTING UP THE COMPUTER NAME AND

THE

ADMINISTRATOR ACCOUNT

The Computer name is used to identify your computer in a network. This name should be unique for each computer.

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The Administrator is a super user account that has no restrictions. This account may be used to set configuration options (e.g. network settings install software and perform other administrative tasks).

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) The Administrator is a super user account that has no

Procedure:

On the Computer Name and Administrator Password screen, enter your desired computer name and password. Click on the Next button to continue.

Example: Enter “MyComputer” in the Computer name text box and enter “P4w@rd” in the Administrator password text box.

STEP 6: SETTING UP THE DATE AND TIME

Set the correct date and time. This is important especially when downloading updates and security patches.

Procedure:

  • 1. On the Date and Time settings, enter the correct date and time.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) The Administrator is a super user account that has no
  • 2. Select your time zone then click on the Next button to continue.

STEP 7: SETTING UP THE NETWORK

Setting up the network connects your computer to the internet and/or to your local area network. By doing this, you will be able to access shared network resources such as files, applications and devices.

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Procedure:

  • 1. Windows XP will now detect network connections. If the network card in the computer is supported by Windows XP. It will install the drivers for you. Once finished, select Typical Setting and click the Next button to continue.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. Windows XP will now detect network connections. If
  • 2. On the Workgroup or Computer Domain screen, enter your desired workgroup name or leave it as it is and click the Next button to continue.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. Windows XP will now detect network connections. If
Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. Windows XP will now detect network connections. If
  • 3. After setting the workgroup, the installer will finalize all settings and restart the computer. When the computer reboots you may now remove the Windows XP installation CD from the CD-ROM Drive.

STEP 8: SETTING UP THE DISPLAY

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Procedure:

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. After the computer reboots and loads into Windows,
  • 1. After the computer reboots and loads into Windows, a display setting dialog box will appear. Click Ok to let Windows XP adjust your screen resolution. Windows will automatically detect the best resolution for your monitor.

  • 2. On the Welcome to Microsoft Windows screen, click Next to continue.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. After the computer reboots and loads into Windows,

STEP 9: REGISTERING WINDOWS XP

By registering your copy of Windows you will have access to Windows updates and security patches. This will be downloaded to and installed on your computer automatically.

Procedure:

  • 1. Windows will now check for your internet connectivity, click the Skip button to continue.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) Procedure: 1. After the computer reboots and loads into Windows,

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  • 2. At this time, we will not be registering Windows, so on the registration screen, click on the "No, not at this time option" and click on the Skip button to continue.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) 2. At this time, we will not be registering Windows,

STEP 10: CREATING LOG-IN CREDENTIALS

Creating log-in credentials is useful when the computer is to be used by multiple users. Windows will create document folders that are only accessible to specific user.

Procedure:

  • 1. On the "Who will use this computer?" screen, enter your desired user name and click on the Next button. This credential will be used every time you log-in to your computer.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) 2. At this time, we will not be registering Windows,

Example: Enter “User” on the “your name” text box.

  • 2. You are almost finished with installation and configuration of windows XP, click on the Finish button to proceed to the desktop.

Kaunlaran ng Manggagawang Pilipino, Inc. (KMPI) 2. At this time, we will not be registering Windows,
a n d N e t w o r k s
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Congratulations! You have installed Windows XP on your computer.

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INSTALLING DRIVERS

THE VIDEO CARD

A video card is an expansion card that converts data input into visual display. Installing the video card driver

Procedure:

  • 1. Insert the CD containing the video card driver into the CD-ROM.

  • 2. In Windows Explorer, browse and select the drive containing the device driver.

  • 3. Double click on setup.exe or the appropriate executable file.

  • 4. Follow the on-screen instructions.

  • 5. After the installation is finished reboot the computer.

The Network Interface Controller (LAN port)

Network Interface Controller or LAN port is a device that connects your computer to other computers and devices in a network.

Installing the Network Interface Controller driver

Procedure:

  • 1. Insert the CD containing the network interface controller driver into the CD-ROM.

  • 2. In Windows Explorer, browse and select the drive containing the device driver.

  • 3. Double click on setup.exe or the appropriate executable file.

  • 4. Follow the on-screen instructions.

After the installation is finished, reboot the computer.

The Sound Card (audio adapter)

The sound card or audio adapter is a device that enables your computer to play and record sounds.

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Installing the Sound Card (audio adapter) driver

Procedure:

  • 1. Insert the CD containing the Network Interface Controller driver into the CD-ROM.

  • 2. In Windows Explorer, browse and select the drive containing the device driver.

  • 3. Double click on setup.exe or the appropriate executable file.

  • 4. Follow the on-screen instructions.

  • 5. After the installation is finished, reboot the computer.

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