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The main instruments that a dentist needs in times of an extraction are the Forceps and Elevators.

Tooth extraction forceps

Tooth Extraction Forceps are primary instruments to remove the tooth from the socket. The main function of forceps is expansion of the bony socket by the wedge shaped beaks of the forceps and movement of tooth with the forceps. Forceps are also used to pull out the tooth from the socket.

Maxillary Extraction Forceps

Forceps look like tweezers and have a firm grip which allows the dentist to exert sufficient force. The forceps allow the tooth to be held firmly and yet the dentist will be able to move it back and forth before it is plugged out.

Mandibuar Extraction Forceps

The tooth needs to be pulled out from the roots and for that the forceps are just the rightly designed instruments. They can also maneuver themselves into any part of the mouth in the most effortless of ways. If the dentist wants to perform a nonsurgical simple tooth extraction or closed or intraalveolar tooth extraction then they will certainly need forceps.

Dental Elevators

In case of teeth that are deeply entrenched and embedded in the gums then the use of the forceps is just not enough. In that case what is needed are Dental Elevator tools that need to be used along with the forceps. Dental Elevator tools can act as levers and these are put between the tissues and in between the teeth. Elevators are used for luxation of teeth. Elevators are frequently used to mobilize the teeth.

Elevator tools look just like tiny screwdrivers. They are of three different kinds of elevators. They are straight elevators, apexo elevators and cryers.

Cryers elevatorStraight

Hockey stick and Apexo elevators

The main function of dental elevators is to luxate multirooted teeth prior to forceps application. They are used to luxate and remove the teeth which cant be engaged by the beaks of the forceps like the impacted teeth, malposed teeth or badly carious teeth. Dental elevators can also be used to remove fractured root stumps or apical tooth tips.

Anesthesia The dentist will use anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth to be removed. Dentists generally choose among lidocaine, prilocaine, bupivacaine and mepivacaine. Your dentist will inject the anasthesia into your gum.

Extraction Forceps Dentists use extraction forceps for simple tooth extractions. The forceps hold the visible part of the tooth in place while the dentist works to loosen the damaged or unhealthy toot

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