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Answer guide for O Level Physics (5054/4) – Paper 4 Alternative to Practical June 1999

1(a) Any three from:


Make sure the rule is parallel to the stationary thread
Use a second clamp to hold it steady
Use a small ruler at right angles to the rule in line with the
centre of the bob and the lower point of the clamp or attach a
pointer at each position (or show on a diagram)
Calculate the difference of the two readings 3
(b) The stopwatch is not sufficiently accurate/ has an uncertainty of 0.1
s / it would have read T = 1.0 s / There is a reaction time in starting
and stopping. 1
20 swings takes longer so the time is more accurately measured / it
would read t = 20.6 s so T = 1.03 s 1
(c) 1 : 46 . 6 1

2(a) 0.02 1
0.4 1
(b) Y 1
The maximum current is 0.4 (A) / it would be more accurate 1
(c) Remove the thermistor from the oil, the current changes very little
or Disconnect the thermistor, the current falls to almost zero 2

3(a)(i) 11.5 / 14.5 = 0.79 or 0.8 2


(ii) 1/5 or 0.2 1
(b)(i) The ball would not bounce 1
(ii) All of its energy is transferred to the glass 1
(c) Volume / mass 1

Page 1 of 2 © UCLES 2002


Answer guide for O Level Physics (5054/4) – Paper 4 Alternative to Practical June 1999

4(a)(i) FA = 4.5 (units not essential)


FB = 1.9 1
(ii) θA / B = 2
FA / FB = 2.37 1
(iii) The rate of cooling is greater at greater excess temperature 1
The excess temperature and rate of cooling are proportional / When
the excess temperature doubles the rate of cooling increases by 2.37
times 1
(b) All points lie on a smooth curve / short period of time 1
(c) To avoid draughts 1

5(a) Correct y-axis and sensible scale 1


Correct x-axis and sensible scale 1
Accurate plotting (5 points) 2
(4 points) (1)
Best straight line, neat, thin and with good judgement 1
(b) One of :
Have the rule close to the lens and screen
Use a set square to line up the lens / screen with the rule or similar 1

Page 2 of 2 © UCLES 2002