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Developed check list bearing damage maintenance, symptoms and record observation for preventive maintenance
a) Fatigue, vibration and wear
Fatigue - Bearing fatigue damage in two ways, the most important one is the most bearing parts appear spalling pits (pitting), the depth and direction of the rolling contact surfaces on the measured width of the same order of magnitude. Pitting forming in load, the metal particles crack mouth edge appears, and a scrolling direction along pitting expanding trend bearings cannot use the result. Standard bearing life calculation must first determine the situation does appear to operate until the damaged work deadlines. Vibration - When a bearing is exposed to vibration, the forces of inertia may be so Great as to cause fatigue cracks to form in the cage material after a time. Sooner or later these cracks lead to cage fracture. Wear - wear may be caused by inadequate lubrication or by abrasive particles. The idea with rolling bearings is of course to avoid sliding friction. However, where the cage is concerned, sliding cannot be eliminated in the contacts with the other components of the bearing. This explains why the cage is the first component to be affected when the lubrication becomes inadequate. The cage is always made of softer material than the other components of the bearing and consequently it wears comparatively quickly. As the cage pockets increase in size, due to wear, the rolling element guidance deteriorates and this also applies to the cage in cases where the cage is centered on the rolling elements. The resultant forces may lead to cage failure within a short space of time.

b) Corrosion Damage
The surface became either partially or fully rusted, and occasionally rust even occurs along the rolling element pitch lines. Cause:

Poor storage condition Poor packing Insufficient rust inhibitor Penetration by water Handling with bare hand

Preventive: Take measure to prevent rusting while in storage Periodically inspect the lubrication oil. Improve sealing performance Improve assembly method and handling

c) Scuffing and Sliding Marks


The surface become rough and some small deposit form. Scuffing generally refers to roughness on the race collar and the ends of the roller. Also have a Rasped in the surface. Cause:

Inadequate lubrication Entrapped foreign particles. Excessive slippage of the rolling element Surface roughness

Preventive: Bolster sealing performance Review preload Review service condition Improve assembly method and handling

d) Local Indentations In The Raceway


Indentation marks in rolling bearing raceways are known to be a source of surface damage, resulting in shorter bearing service life. SKF bearing life calculation has taken account of this for many years using the c contamination factor. Recently, SKF has developed advanced models and conducted experiments to predict the interaction of scratches and indentations, and the lubricant present in the raceways. This article explores in detail these interactions and the effect of sliding, to give a unique insight into the way the damage process takes place.

e) Faulty Mounting and Defective Installation Methods


Defective bearing, which are generally the result of poor assembly, bad adjustment or improper lubrication, can cause the bearing break down or damage by the defective and the faulty mounting. The prevention that should do is managing the bearing with carefully and accurately in the way of assembly of bearing or any kind of system. Then inspection also must do after finish the assembly to check more detail for the component that loss and inaccurate setup.

The mechanic has all the equipment he needs in the shop to conduct a thorough inspection of wheel bearings. Although this inspection is different from the one carried out by the driver during roadside stops, lubricant on the outside components of wheels still indicates a problem requiring immediate attention.