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AVIONICS GLOSSARY

How to Speak Avionics-ese *

CONTENTS OF GLOSSARY
A . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 B . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 C . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 D E . F . G . H . I . J . K . L M . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 . 37 . 42 . 45 . 48 . 53 . 54 . 54 . 58 N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z . . . . . . . . . . . 65 . . . . . . . . . . . 69 . . . . . . . . . . . 72 . . . . . . . . . . . 80 . . . . . . . . . . . 80 . . . . . . . . . . . 86 . . . . . . . . . . . 96 . . . . . . . . . . . 104 . . . . . . . . . . . 105 . . . . . . . . . . 109 . . . . . . . . . . . 111 . . . . . . . . . . . 112 . . . . . . . . . . . 112

*Avionics-ese.

Sometimes called Av-speak.

Its a confusing, sometimes frustrating language. Thats why your friends at Rockwell Collins created this handy compendium of acronyms, terms and definitions. We hope it helps. Copyright 2001 Rockwell Collins, Inc. www.rockwellcollins.com

3-D, 4-D 4096 Code

Three or four dimension The octal base, four-digit code used between framing pulses of a reply to identify the aircraft or for general use and emergency codes (XPD) 10 Mbps baseband data transmission over twisted copper wire (1) Autotuned NAVAID (2) Amperes Aeronautical Administrative Communications Assigned Altitude Deviation Airline Avionics Institute Above Aerodome Level Advanced Architecture Micro-Processor Aviation and Air Traffic Services Advanced Aviation Transportation T echnology Autobrake ARINC 429 Bus Emulator Asynchronous Balanced Mode (1) Aeronautical Binary Phase Shift Keying (2) Aviation Binary Phase Shift Keying Abbreviation Absolute (1) Advisory Circular (2) Alternating Current Aircraft Address Compression Algorithm Air-Cooled Air Cooler Airborne Collision Avoidance System Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (1) Active Clearance Control (2) Area Control Center

Acclrm ACCTS ACE

Accelerometer Aviation Coordinating Committee for Telecommunications Services (1) The control character meaning technical acknowledge (2) Actuator Control Electronics (3) Advanced Certification Equipment Area Control Facility Aircraft Identification Airfoil and Cowl Ice Protection System The control character meaning technical acknowledgement of an uplink, used in an ACARS system Alternating Current Motor Pump Aircraft Condition Monitoring System Audio Control Panel (1) Active Control System (2) Audio Control System Aeronautical Communications Sub-Group Active (1) Apron Control Unit (2) Antenna Control Unit (3) Autopilot Control Unit Analog-To-Digital Administrative Domain Computer Programming Language Automated Weather Observing System Data Acquisition System Air Data Computer Automatic Direction Finder Attitude Director Indicator

10BaseT A AAC AAD AAI AAL AAMP AATS AATT A/B ABE ABM A-BPSK ABRV ABS AC A/C ACA ACAC ACAS ACARS ACC

ACF ACID ACIPS ACK

ACMP ACMS ACP ACS ACSG ACT ACU

A/D AD ADA ADAS ADC ADF ADI

ADIRS ADIRU ADL ADLP ADLS ADM ADMS ADP ADRAS ADS ADS-A ADS-B ADSEL

Air Data Inertial Reference System Air Data Inertial Reference Unit Aeronautical Data Link (1) Airborne Data Link Protocol (2) Aircraft Data Link Processor Aeronautical Data Link Services Air Data Module Airline Data Management System Air Data Processor Airplane Data Recovery and Analysis System (1) Air Data System (2) Automatic Dependent Surveillance Automatic Dependent Surveillance Address Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast Address Selective. A SSR system electronically arranged to address each transponder selectively. Only a particular transponder will respond, thus avoiding garbling. ADSEL uses a monopulse technique to provide more accurate bearing measurement. ADSEL is compatible with DABS. (Refer to Mode S transponders.) Automatic Dependent Surveillance Panel (1) Automatic Dependent Surveillance System (2) Automatic Dependent Surveillance Unit Administrative Data Transmission Network Audio Electronic Control Unit Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee (1) Audio Entertainment Player (2) Autopilot Engage Panel Automated En Route traffic control Aircraft Earth Station Auxiliary Equipment Unit

AF AFC AFCAS AFCS AFD

Airway Facilities (1) Automatic Frequency Compensation (2) Automatic Frequency Control Automatic Flight Control Augmentation System Automatic Flight Control System (1) Adaptive Flight Display (2) Advanced Flight Deck (3) Autopilot Flight Director Autopilot Flight Director Computer Autopilot Flight Director System ACARS Front End Processing System Authority Format Identifier (1) Airborne Flight Information System (2) Automatic Flight Information Service Aircraft Flight Manual ATS Facilities Notification (1) Aeronautical Fixed Service (2) Airborne File Server (3) Automatic Flight System Automatic Flight Service Station Audio Frequency Shift Keying Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunications Aerospace and Flight T ext Radio Coordinating Council Air/Ground Automatic Ground-Air Communication System. It is also known as ATCSS or DATA LINK. Advanced General Aviation Transport Experiment Automatic Gain Control. AGC is used to maintain the output level of the receiver. Air Ground Intermediate System

AFDC AFDS AFEPS AFI AFIS AFM AFN AFS

AFSS AFSK AFTN AFTRCC A/G AGACS AGATE AGC AGIS

ADSP ADSU ADTN AECU AEEC AEP AERA AES AEU

AGL AGR AGRM AGRMS AGS AGSS AGTS AHC AHRS AI AIC AID

Above Ground Level Air/Ground Router Air/Ground Router Regional Manager Air/Ground Router Management System Air/Ground System ACARS Ground System Standard (AEEC) Air/Ground Test Station Attitude Heading Computer Attitude Heading Reference System (1) Alternative Interrogator (2) Artificial Intelligence Aeronautical Information Circular Altered Item Drawing. A drawing that details what alteration or change is made to an already existing component.Examples may be shortening the shaft of a variable resistor, or adding a program to a circuit card to produce a programmed circuit card. Air Traffic Services (ATS) Inter-Facility Data Communications Aircraft Integrated Data System Airlines International Electronics Meeting Aircraft Information Management System Aeronautical Industry Service Communications Aeronautical Information Publication Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control Digital air/ground communications services provided by SITA. A system similar to ACARS. Those parameters that can be derived from knowledge of the air mass surrounding the aircraft. Airmans Meteorological (Information) The standard ICAO IFR routes Aeronautical Information Services

AIT AIV AIX AJPS A/L ALC

Advanced Intelligence Tape - used for the storage of digital video and audio files Accumulator Isolation Valve Advanced Interactive Executive AFEPS Journal Processing System Autoland Automatic Level Control. A circuit used to maintain the output of a transmitter regardless of variations in the attenuation of the system. Automatic Link Establishment Altimeter Airline Pilots Association Application Layer Structure Clear (1) (2) (3) (4) Airborne Link Terminal Alternate Altimeter Altitude

ALE ALI ALPA ALS ALSIP ALT

AIDC AIDS AIEM AIMS AINSC AIP AIRAC AIRCOM AIR DATA AIRMET Airways AIS

ALT HOLD Altitude Altitude Ring ALTS ALU AM

Altitude Hold Mode Height determined by barometric pressure A continuous return across the display at a range equivalent to aircraft altitude (WXR) Altitude Select Arithmetic and Logic Unit Amplitude Modulation. A signal where the carrier signal is varied in amplitude to encode voice or data information. Airport Movement Area Safety System Avionics Maintenance Conference Aeronautical Mobile Communications Panel Amplitude Modulation Equivalent. An AM type signal that processes the modulated information signal and carrier frequency separately and then reconstructs the two signals to make an equivalent AM signal.

AMASS AMC AMCP AME

AMI AMLCD AMM AMP AMS AMS(R)S AMSS AMTOSS AMTS AMU AMUX ANC Aneroid Capsule ANICS ANLP ANP ANS ANSI ANT ANTC AOA AOC

Airline Modifiable Information Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display Aircraft Maintenance Manual Audio Management Panel (1) Apron Management Service (2) Avionics Management Service Aeronautical Mobile Satellite (Route) Service Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Service Aircraft Maintenance T ask Oriented Support System. An automated data retrieval system. Aeronautical Message Transfer Service Audio Management Unit Audio Multiplexer Air Navigation Commission (ICAO) An evacuated and sealed capsule or bellows that expands or contracts in response to changes in pressure. Alaskan NAS Interfacility Communication System ARINC Network Layer Protocol Actual Navigation Performance (1) Ambient Noise Sensor (2) Area Navigation System American National Standards Institute Antenna Advanced Networking T est Center Angle Of Attack (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Aeronautical Operational Control Aircraft Operational Control Airline Operational Control Airport Obstruction Chart Airport Operational Communications

AODC AODE AOG AOHE AOM AOP AOPA AOPG AOR AOR-E AOR-W A/P AP APA APB APC

Age Of Data, Clock (GPS term) Age Of Data, Ephemeris (GPS term) Aircraft On Ground Air/Oil Heat Exchanger Aircraft Operating Manual (1) Aeronautical OSI Profile (2) Airline Operational Procedure Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Aerodrome Operations Group Atlantic Ocean Region Atlantic Ocean Region-East Atlantic Ocean Region-West Autopilot. A computer commanded system for controlling aircraft control surfaces. Airport Location (ACARS/AFERS) (1) Allied Pilots Association (2) Autopilot Amplifier Auxiliary Power Breaker (1) Autopilot Computer (2) Aeronautical Public Correspondence (3) Aeronautical Passenger Communication Application Programming Interface Automated Performance Measurement System ARINC Packet Network (1) Approach Control (2) Autopilot Panel Approach Actual Performance Reserve ATN Profile Requirement List Autopilot System Auxiliary Power Unit

API APMS APN APP APPR APR APRL APS APU

AOCC AOD

Airline Operation Control Center Audio on Demand

APUC AQF AQP A-QPSK AQS ARAC ARB ARF ARINC

Auxiliary Power Unit Controller Avionics Qualification Facility (1) Advanced Qualification Program (2) Avionics Qualification Procedure Aeronautical Quadrature Phase Shift Keying Advanced Quality System Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee Arbitrary Waveform Generator Airline Risk Factor Aeronautical Radio, INCorporated

ASCII ASCPC ASD ASDE ASDL ASE ASECNA ASG ASI ASIC ASM ASN.1 ASOS ASP

American Standard Code for Information Interchange Air Supply and Cabin Pressure Controllers Aircraft Situation Display Airport Surface Detection Equipment Aeronautical Satellite Data Link Altimetry System Error Agency for the Security of Aerial Navigation in Africa and Madagascar ARINC Signal Gateway Avionics System Integration Application Specific Integrated Circuit (1) Airspace Management (2) Autothrottle Servo Motor Abstract Syntax Notation One Automated Surface Observing System (1) Altitude Set Panel (2) Aeronautical Fixed Service (AFS) Systems Planning for data interchange Aeronautical Fixed Service (AFS) Systems Planning for data interchange Panel Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems Airport Surveillance Radar Aviation Safety Reporting System Aerospace Simulation and Systems T est Center Airspace System T ask Force Avionics Switching Unit Alternate Source Selection Valve Airport Surface Traffic Automation

ARINC 429-13 Mark 33 Digital Information Transfer System (DITS), Supplement 13 ARINC 629-2 Multi-T ester Data Bus: Part 1 - T echnical Description ARMC ARP ARPA ARR ARS

Area Regional Maintenance Center (1) Aeronautical Recommended Practice (2) Air Data Reference Panel Advanced Research Projects Agency Arrival Automated Radar Summary chart.These are hourly generated charts showing location and intensity of radar echoes. Air Route Surveillance Radar Automatic Reserve Thrust Air-Route Traffic Control Center. Approximately 20 centers cover the air traffic routes in the United States using numerous radars and radio communication sets. Automated Terminal Radar System (1) Aircraft Separation Assurance (2) Autoland Status Annunciator (AFDS) ACARS System Access Approval (AEEC) Aircraft Separation Assurance System (AEEC)

ASPP A-SMGCS ASR ASRS ASSTC ASTF ASU ASSV ASTA

ARSR ART ARTCC

ARTS ASA ASAA ASAS

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AT A/T ATA ATC ATCA ATCC ATCRBS ATCSS

(1) Air Traffic (2) Air Transport Autothrottle (1) Actual Time of Arrival (2) Air Transport Association Air Traffic Control Air Traffic Control Association Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System Air Traffic Control Signaling System. A system to provide information between the pilot and air traffic control using the VHF communications transceiver in conjunction with data link equipment. Automatic T est Equipment Air Traffic Flow Management Autothrust System Automatic T arget Handoff System Instrument Size Unit of Measure (1) Air Traffic Information Service (2) Automatic T erminal Information Service (3) Automatic T erminal Information System Abbreviated T est Language for Avionics Systems (1) Air Traffic Management (2) Asynchronous Transfer Mode Aeronautical T elecommunications Network Aeronautical T elecommunication Network Panel Acceptance Test Procedure (Air Transport) Air Transport Racking (1) Air Traffic Services (2) Air Turbine Starter (3) Autothrottle System Air Traffic Service Communication

ATSGF ATSM ATSU ATT AUX AVIONICS AVLAN AVLC AVM AVOL AVPAC AWACS AWAS AWG AWIN AWIPS AWM AWO AWOP AWOS

Air Traffic Services Geographic Filter Air Traffic Services Message Processor Air Traffic Services Unit Attitude Auxiliary Aviation Electronics Avionics Local Area Network Aviation VHF Link Control Airborne Vibration Monitor Aerodrome Visibility Operational Level Aviation Packet Communication Airborne Warning And Control System Automated Weather Advisory Station American Wire Gauge Aviation Weather Information Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System Audio Warning Mixer All Weather Operations All Weather Operations Panel Automated Weather Observation System. A system that gathers surface weather information and transmits the information to the pilot via VOR, Comm Freq or telephone lines. The difference between the highest and lowest frequency components of a signal. Bank Angle Protection Barometric

ATE ATFM ATHR ATHS ATI ATIS

ATLAS ATM ATN ATNP ATP ATR ATS

Bandwidth BAP BARO

Baro-Corrected Pressure altitude-corrected local barometric pressure. Altitude BATAP

ATSC

Type B Application to Application Protocol

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BB BCD

Base Band Binary Coded Decimal.A coding system in which each digit from 0 to 9 is represented by a four bit binary number. Back Course Block Check Sequence. BCS is a cyclic code that is used as reference bits in an error detection process. Bearing Distance Indicator Business Data Management and Invoicing The beam width is the width of the beam as measured at the half-power points of the radiated signal (WXR). The direction of a point or navigational aid measured clockwise from a reference through 360. Back-End Processor Back-End Processor Management System Bite Error Rate Buyer Furnished Equipment Beat Frequency Oscillator. An oscillator that produces a signal to be mixed with the received frequency to produce an audible beat note, for the purpose of decoding the Morse code identifier of an NDB. The oscillator produces frequencies equal to the sum and difference of the combined frequencies. Bus Grant Inhibit. A term used in CAPS transfer bus processing. Border Gateway Protocol Burn-In Bilingual Ground Station (ACARS and VDML2) Base-2 counting system. Numbers include 0, 1. Boundary Intermediate System BIS Management System Built-In Self Test

Bit BIT BITE BLK BMV BNR BNS BOC BOM BOP Boresighting BP BPCU bps Bps BPSK BR BRG BRI BRNAV BRT BSCU BSN BSP BSU BTB

A binary digit. Smallest data unit in a microprocessor system. Built-In-Test Built-In-Test Equipment (1) Black (2) Block Brake Metering Valve Binary Boundary Notification System (Squitters) Bottom Of Climb Bill Of Material Bit Oriented Protocol The process of aligning a directional antenna system. (1) BITE Processor (2) Bottom Plug Bus Power Control Unit bites per second Bytes per second Binary Phase Shift Keying Bridge Bearing Basic Rate Interface Basic Area Navigation Brightness Brake System Control Unit Backbone Subnetwork Board Support Package (1) Beam Steering Unit (2) Bypass Switch Unit Bus Tie Breaker

B CRS BCS BDI BDMIS Beam Width

Bearing BEP BEPMS BER BFE BFO

BGI BGP BI BiGS Binary BIS BISMS BIST

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BTMU BWAN Byte C&C C&W CAA CAAC CAC C /A Code CACP CAD CADAG CAE CAGE CAH CAI Calibrated Airspeed

Brake T emperature Monitor Unit Backup WAN A grouping of eight bits. Command and Control Control and Warning Civil Aviation Authority. A regulatory agency in the United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Administration of China Caution Advisory Computer (1) Course Acquisition Code (2) GPS Course Acquisition Code Cabin Area Control Panel Computer Aided Design Communications Automation and Data Link Component Application Engineer Commercial Avionics GPS Engine Cabin Attendant Handsets Caution Annunciator Indicator Corrected for instrument errors and errors due to position or location of the pressure source. At standard sea level conditions, CAS is equal to true airspeed (TAS). A variation of the SELCAL system in which the SELCAL signal is combined with a special gating tone to produce an automatic function by the receiver. This system is only a proposal and not yet implemented. Calibration Verification Computer Aided Manufacturing Captain An ac signal that can be modulated by changing the amplitude, frequency or pulse of the signal. (1) Collision Avoidance System (2) Computed Airspeed

CASE CAT

Computer Aided Software Engineering (1) Categories (I, II, III) for Visibility Requirements (2) Clear Air Turbulence (3) Computer Aided T esting Operational performance Category I. An ILS facility providing operation down to a 60-meter (200 feet) decision height and with runway visual range not less than 800 meters (2600 feet) and a high probability of approach success. An ILS Approach to lower-than-standard Category I and in some cases to Category II, minimums, based on guidance-to-touchdown provided by a Category III-capable Head-up Guidance System, per FAA Order 8400.13. Operational performance Category II. An ILS facility providing operation down to a 30-meter (100 feet) decision height and with runway visual range not less than 400 meters (1200 feet) and a high probability of approach success. Operational performance Category III a. An ILS facility providing operation with no decision height limit to and along the surface of the runway with external visual reference during final phase of landing and with a runway visual range of not less than 200 meters (700 feet). Operational performance Category III b. An ILS facility providing operation with no decision height limit to and along the surface of the runway without reliance on external visual reference; and subsequently taxiing with external visual range of not less than 50 meters (150 feet). Operational performance Category III c. An ILS facility providing operation with no decision height limit to and along the surface of the runway and taxiways without reliance on external visual reference. Clear Air Turbulence Enhanced Vision System The frequency range between 4,000 and 8,000 MHz. Computer-Based Training C-Check

CAT I

CAT I Enhanced

CAT II

CAT III a

CAT III b

CALSEL

CAT III c

CAL VER CAM CAPT Carrier CAS

CAT EVS C-BAND CBT CC

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CCB CCD CCIR CCITT CCMS CCS CCU CCW CD

(1) Configuration Control Board (2) Converter Circuit Breaker (1) Charged Coupled Device (2) Cursor Control Device International Radio Consultative Committee Consultative Committee International T elephone and T elegraph Content Compilation Management System

CEU CF CFDIU CFDS CFIT cfm CFMU CFS CG CHG CHI CHIS CHOL CI CID CIDIN CIDS CIE CIS CLB CLK CLNP CLNS Cloud Droplets CLR CLTP

Checklist Entry Unit Change Field Central Fault Display Interface Unit Centralized Fault Display System Controlled Flight Into Terrain Cubic Feet per Minute Central Flow Management Unit Cabin File Server Center of Gravity (1) Change (2) Charge Computer Human Interface Center Hydraulic Isolation System Collins High Order Language (1) Cabin Interphone (2) Configuration Item Category Interaction Diagram Common ICAO Data Interchange Network Cabin Interphone Distribution System Commission Internationale de I Eclairage Corporate Information System Climb Clock Connectionless Network Protocol Connectionless Network Service Water or ice particles having radii smaller than 0.01 cm Clear Connectionless Mode Transport Protocol

Cabin Communication System


Control and Compensation Unit Counterclockwise (1) Carrier Detect (2) Chrominance Difference (3) Compact Disc Coordinating Design Authority Cabin Data Bus Repeater Configuration Database Generator Course Deviation Indicator Cabin Discrepancy Log Collaborative Decision Making Collaborative Decision Making System Continuous Data Program Critical Design Review Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (1) Cabin Distribution System (2) Common Display System Cockpit Display of Traffic Information Control Display Unit Conference Europene des Postes et Telcommunications

CDA CDBR CDG CDI CDL CDM CDMS CDP CDR CD-ROM CDS CDTI CDU CEPT

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CM CMA CMC CMCF CMCS CMD CMF CMM

Context Management Central Maintenance Application Central Maintenance Computer Central Maintenance Computer Function Central Maintenance Computer System Command Common Message Format (1) Common Mode Monitor. A type of monitor common to automatic flight control systems. (2) Component Maintenance Manual Control Motion Noise Configuration Management Plan Cabin Management System Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Communications Management Unit Customized Navigation Database Centre national detudes spatiales Carrier-to-Noise Density Ratio Comm/Nav/Pulse Communication, Navigation, Surveillance Communication, Navigation, Surveillance/Air Traffic Management A track that is continued based on previous track characteristics in the absence of surveillance data reports (TCAS). Coder/Decoder Cockpit Operating Manual

Compass Locator COMP CON Cone of Confusion CONOPS Consolan

A low-powered radio beacon, used in conjunction with ILS. A compass locator has a two-letter identification and a range of at least 15 miles. Compressor Continuous An inverted conical shaped area extending vertically above a VOR ground facility that is void of the bearing signal. Concept of Operations A low-frequency, keyed, CW, short baseline system using two antennas to radiate a daisy-shaped pattern for navigational aid purposes. The frequency range is in the 300 kHz region. It is in limited use today. Contour or iso-contour refers to a weather radar display presentation that blanks the echo returns in the center of a storm cell. The area blanked out is called contour and corresponds to the return levels that exceed a predetermined threshold. Continental United States Character-Oriented Protocol Company Route A correction is applied to static source pressure measurements to partly or completely correct for pressure errors that are caused by airflow changes. It is computed as a function of Mach and altitude based on measured errors for a particular static system. A resolution advisory that instructs the pilot to deviate from current vertical rate (e.g. DONT CLIMB when the aircraft is climbing). (TCAS) Connection Oriented Transport Protocol Commercial Off-The-Shelf (1) Circular Polarization (2) Conflict Probe (3) Control Panel Closest Point of Approach

CMN CMP CMS CMOS CMU CNDB CNES C/NO CNP CNS CNS/ATM Coasted Track CODEC COM

Contour

CONUS COP CO ROUTE Correction (SSEC)

Corrective Advisory COTP COTS CP

COM/MET/OPS Communications/Meteorological/Operations COMM

Communications

CPA

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CPC

(1) Cabin Pressure Controller (2) Controller Pilot Communication (3) Cursor Position Control Computer Program Configuration Item. A CPCI number identifies the configuration of a computer software program. Cabin Pressure Control System Controller-Pilot Data Link Communications Circular Position Error Core Processor Module Collins Part Number Compressor Cabin Pressure Sensor Central Processing Unit Command/Response (1) Change Request (2) Contrast Ratio (1) Cyclic Redundancy Checking (2) Cyclic Redundancy Code Corrosion Resistant Steel Current Routing Domain Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (1) Cockpit Resource Management (2) Collision Risk Model (3) Crew Resource Management Controlled Reception Pattern Antenna Cutover Readiness Review Course Cathode Ray Tube Computer Receiver Unit Cruise

CS CSC CSCI CSCP CSDB CSDS CSEU CSF CSMA CSMA/CD CSMM CSMU C/SOIT CSU CTA CTAF CTAI CTAS CTC CTL CTMO CTOL CTR CTRD CTRL

Common Service Cargo System Controller Computer Software Configuration Item Cabin System Control Panel Commercial Standard Data Bus Cargo Smoke Detector System Control Systems Electronics Unit Command/Status Frame Carrier Sense Multiple Access Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Crash Survivable Memory Modules Cabin System Management Unit Communications /Surveillance Operational Implementation Team Configuration Strapping Unit (1) Control Area (ICAO T erm) (2) Controlled Time of Arrival Common Traffic Advisory Frequency Cowl Thermal Anti-Icing Center Tracon Automation System Cabin T emperature Controller Control Centralized Air Traffic Flow Management Organization Conventional Take Off and Landing (1) Center (2) Control zone Configuration T est Requirements Document Control

CPCI

CPCS CPDLC CPE CPM CPN CPRSR CPS CPU C/R CR CRC CRES CRD CRDA CRM

CRPA CRR CRS CRT CRU CRZ

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CTS CTU CU

Clear To Send Cabin T elecommunications Unit (1) Channel Utilization (2) Combiner Unit (HUD) (3) Control Unit Code/Unit T est Cockpit Voice and Digital Flight Data Recorder Cockpit Voice Recorder Cockpit Voice Recorder Control Panel (1) Clockwise (cw) (2) Continuous Wave. A continuous train of identical oscillations. Comparator Warning Computer Continuous Wave Interference (1) Controlled Working Position (2) Controller Working Position Control Wheel Steering Differential Eight Phase Shift Keying Description and Operation (1) Descent Advisor (2) Drift Angle Digital-to-Analog Discrete Addressable Beacon System Digital Air Data Computer Digital Air Data System Digital Service Access Product Direct Access Radar Channel. An independent backup to main ATC computers. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Dynamic Aircraft Route Planning Study

DAS Data Link

Designated Alteration Station A system that allows exchange of digital data over an RF link. ATCSS is a data link system used by the air traffic control system. ACARS is a data link system used by airline command, control and management system, using VHF communication frequencies. Digital Automatic Terminal Information System Database Decibel Decibels Adjusted (1) Decibels above isotopic circular (2) Decibels referenced to an isotopic antenna Downlink Block Identifier Decibel(s) below 1 milliwatt Database Management System Direct Broadcast Satellite Decibels referenced to 1 watt Decibel-Watts Database Unit Direct Current Digital Control Audio System Double Channel Duplex. A communication system using two RF channels, one channel for receive and one channel for transmit operations, for simultaneous communication. Data Communications Equipment Data Conversion Gateway Function Data Communication Management Function Data Communication Management System (1) Design Change Notice (2) Document Change Notice (3) Drawing Change Notice

C/UT CV/DFDR CVR CVRCP CW

D-ATIS DB dB dBA DBi DBI dBm DBMX DBS DBw dBW DBU DC DCAS DCD

CWC CWI CWP CWS D8PSK D&O DA D/A DABS DADC DADS DAP DARC DARPA DARPS

DCE DCGF DCMF DCMS DCN

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DCP DCS

Display Control Panel Double Channel Simplex. A communication system using two RF channels for non-simultaneous communication. One channel is disabled while the other channel is used to transmit. Data Concentrator Unit Directional Control Valve Data Delivery (1) Digital Differential Analyzer (2) Distance Data Adapter Dual Disk Drive Direct Dial Indicator Difference in Depth of Modulation Declarations of Design and Performance. A control document required by the United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) for certification of avionics equipment. Draft Document Review Direct Digital Synthesizer Downlink Data Transfer Data Link Delivery of Expected Taxi Clearances A navigation system widely used by shipping in Europe. The ground facilities consist of a master station and several slave stations. Base-10 counting system. Numbers include 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. Dedicated Digital Expandable Flight Data Acquisition and Recording System Deflection Degree Delete

Demand Mode DEP DER DES DESCR

An ACARS mode of operation in which communications may be initiated by the ground processor or the airborne system. Departure Designated Engineering Representative Descent Description

DCU DCV DD DDA DDD DDI DDM DDP

Desensitization TCAS sensitivity level (threat volume) reduction DEST DEV DFA DFCS DFDAF DFDAMU DFDAU DFDR DFDU DFIDU DFIU DFS DFU DG DGNSS DGPS DH DI DIAGS DID

Destination Deviation Direction Finding Antenna Digital Flight Control System Digital Flight Data Acquisition Function Digital Flight Data Acquisition Management Unit Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit. The DFDAU samples, conditions and digitizes the flight data. Digital Flight Data Recorder Digital Flight Data Unit Dual Function Interactive Display Unit Digital Flight Instrument Unit Digital Frequency Select Digital Function Unit Directional Gyro Differential Global Navigation Satellite System Differential Global Positioning System (1) Dataflash Header (2) Decision Height Data Interrupt Diagrams Data Item Description

DDR DDS DDT DDTC DECCA

Decimal ded DEFDARS DEFL DEG DEL

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DIP

(1) Data Interrupt Program (2) Dual In-line Package. The most common package configuration for integrated circuits. Director A DME operating mode that allows an FMCS to select one to five DME stations for interrogation. Direct Intercept Disconnect Discharge Discrepancy Distance Data Information Transfer System (1) Data Link (2) Downlink Data Link Application Processor Data Link Control Display Unit Data Link Control Identifier Data Link Entity Data Load Gateway Function Data Link Interpreter program Data Link (AEEC) Data Link Library Data Link Management Unit Data Link and Message Engineering Data Loader/Mass Storage Unit Duct Leak and Overheat Detection Data Link Processor Data Load System Digital Lineal Tape - used for the storage of video and audio files

DLU DM DMA DME

Download Unit Disconnected Mode Direct Memory Access Distance Measuring Equipment. A system that provides distance information from a ground station to an aircraft. Abbreviation for a DME normal system Abbreviation for a DME precision system Designated Manufacturing Inspection Representative (1) Data Memory Module (2) Digital Multimeter Data Multiplexing Network Debris Monitoring Sensor Data Management Unit RTCA Document 160, Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment, Issued 12/04/89 RTCA document 178, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, Issued 03/22/85 Documentation Department of Defense Dynamic Object Orientated Requirements System The change in frequency observed at the receiver when the transmitter and receiver are in motion relative to each other. Disk Operating System Department of Transportation Dynamic Ocean Tracking System The radio transmission path downward from the aircraft to the earth. dots per inch

DIR Directed Mode DIR/INTC DISC DISCH DISCR DIST DITS DL DLAP DLC DLCI DLE DLGF DLI DLK DLL DLM DLME DL/MSU DLODS DLP DLS DLT

DME/N DME/P DMIR DMM DMN DMS DMU DO-160

DO-178

DOC DOD DOORS Doppler Effect DOS DOT DOTS Downlink dpi

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DPR DPSK DR DRER Drift Angle

Dual Port RAM Differential Phase Shift Keying (1) Data Reconing (2) Data Receptacle Designated Radio Engineering Representative (FAA) The angle between heading and track. It is due to the effect of wind currents. Sometimes called the crab angle. Document Release Notice Digital Service Access Device Defense System Acquisition Review Cycle Double Side Band.An AM signal with the carrier removed. Requires the same bandwidth as the AM signal. Data Signal Display Unit Display System Function (1) Digital Signal Processor (2) Display Select Panel (3) Domain Specific Part Display Driver Display (annunciation on CDU) Display System Replacement Decision Support Systems Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (1) Data Signaling Unit (2) Domain Service Unit (1) Data T erminal Display (2) Document Type Definition Data T erminal Equipment Development Test and Evaluation Distance-to-go

DTMF DTM DTPDU DTU DU Dual Mode DME DUAT Duplex

Dual Tone Multi-Frequency Demonstration Test Milestone Data Protocol Data Unit Data Transfer Unit Display Unit An airborne DME RT capable of processing DME/N and DME/P ground station signals. Operation is in the L-band frequency range. Direct User Access T erminal A communication operation that uses the simultaneous operation of the transmit and receive equipment at two locations. Demonstration and Validation Facility Digital Voltmeter Direct WAN Distance Dynamic Pressure is the difference between pitot and static pressure. RAM constructed of capacitor elements. Memory cells must be periodically refreshed to keep capacitors from discharging and losing data. (See Static RAM) East Experimental Aircraft Association Electronic Attitude Director Indicator Engine Anti-Ice Engine Alert Processor Electrically Alterable ROM En route Automated Radar Tracking System Equivalent Airspeed Enhanced ATM and Mode S Implementation in Europe

DRN DSAD DSARC DSB

DVF DVM DWAN DX Dynamic Pressure Dynamic RAM E EAA EADI EAI EAP EAROM EARTS EAS EASIE

DSDU DSF DSP

DSPDRV DSPY DSR DSS DSSS DSU DTD DTE DT & E DTG

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EATCHIP EATMS EBACE EC ECAC ECAM ECARS ECEF Echo ECM ECMP ECON ECP ECS

European Air Traffic Control Harmonization and Integration Programme European Air Traffic Management Systems European Business Aviation Convention and Exhibition Event Criterion European Civil Aviation Conference Electronic Caution Alert Module Enhanced ACARS Earth-Centered, Earth-Fixed The portion of the radiated energy reflected back to the antenna from the target (WXR). Electronic Control Module Electronic Component Management System Economy (minimum cost speed schedule) EICAS Control Panel (1) Engineering Compiler System. An automated data storage system. (2) Environmental Control System (3) Event Criterion Subfield Left Environmental Control System Card ECS Miscellaneous Card Right Environmental Control System Card (1) EICAS Control Unit (2) Electronic Control Unit (3) External Compensation Unit EICA SD i s play End-of-Descent Electronic Design Automation Error Detection and Correction (used interchangeably with EDC) Error Detection and Correction

EDDS EDI EDIF EDIU EDMS EDP

Electronic Document Distribution Service Engine Data Interface Engine Data Interface Function Engine Data Interface Unit Electronic Data Management System (1) Electronic Data Processing (2) Engine Driven Pump (3) Engineering Development Pallet Electronic Display Unit Electronics Equipment (e.g. EE-Bay) Electronic Engine Control Electrical Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory ELMS Electronics Unit Expected Further Clearance Electronic Flight Display Expanded Flight Data Recorder Electronic Flight Instrument Controller Electronic Flight Instrument Processor Electronic Flight Instrument System EFIS Control Panel Expedited Ground Initiated Handoff Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle European Geostationary Overlay System Exterior Gateway Protocol Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System Exhaust Gas Temperature Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator Electro-Hydraulic Valve

EDU EE EEC EEPROM EEU EFC EFD EFDR EFIC EFIP EFIS EFIS CP EGIHO EELV EGNOS EGP EGPWS EGT EHSI EHV

ECSL ECSMC ECSR ECU

ED E/D EDA EDAC EDC

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33

EIA EICAS EICASC EIPI EIRP EIS EISA EIU EL/FCG ELB/ISE ELC ELEC ELM ELMS ELS ELT EM EMC EMER EMI EMS ENG ENOC ENQ E/O EOD

Electronic Industries Association Engine Indication and Crew Alert System Engine Indication and Crew Alert System Controls Extended Initial Protocol Identifier Earth Incident Radiated Power (1) Electronic Instrument System (2) Engine Indication System Extended Industry Standard Architecture EFIS/EICAS Interface Unit Electronic Logbook and Fault Correction Guide Electronic Logbook In-Service Evaluation Emitter Coupled Logic Electrical Extended Length Message Electrical Load Management System Electronic Library System Emergency Locator Transmitter Element Manager (1) Electromagnetic Compatibility (2) Entertainment Multiplexer Controller Emergency Electro-Magnetic Interference (1) Emergency Medical Services (2) Engine Management System Engine Engineering Network Operations Center Enquire Engine-Out End Of Day

EOM EOT EP EPC EPCS E-PIREPS E-Plane

End Of Message End Of T ext External Power External Power Contactor Engine Propulsion Control System Electronic Pilot Reports The E-Plane is the plane of an antenna that contains the electric field.The principal E-Plane also contains the direction of maximum radiation. Electrically Programmable Logic Device Enhanced Parallel Port Engine Pressure Ratio Erasable Programmable ROM Electrical Power System Equipment Equivalent Airspeed is a direct measure of the incompressible freestream of dynamic pressure. It is CAS corrected for compressibility effects. Echo Reply Protocol Data Unit European Regional Airlines Association Engineering Review Board End Routing Domain En Route Domain Infrastructure External Roll Extrusion Eye Reference Point Echo Reply Protocol Data Unit Echo Request Protocol Data Unit Engine Relay Unit End System

EPLD EPP EPR EPROM EPS EQUIP Equivalent Airspeed (EAS) ER PDU ERA ERB ERD ERDI ERE ERP ERP PDU ERQ PDU ERU ES

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ESA ESAS E-Scan ESD ESDS ESH ESID ESIS ESR ESS ESSD EST ESU ETA ETB ETD ETI ETM ETMS ETOPS ETP ETRC ETVS ETX EUAFS EUPS

European Space Agency (1) Electronic Situation Awareness System (2) Enhanced Situational Awareness System Electronic Scanning Electrostatic Discharge Electrostatic Sensitive Devices. Also known as ESSD. End System Hello Engine and System Indication Display Engine and System Indication System Energy Storage/Control (1) Electronic Switching System (2) Environmental Stress Screening ElectroStatic Sensitive Devices. See also ESDS. Estimated Environmental Sensor Unit Estimated Time of Arrival (1) End of Block (ASCII/IA5 character) (2) Engineering Test Band Estimated Time of Departure Elapsed Time Indicator Elapsed Time Measurement Enhanced Traffic Management System Extended Twin Engine Operations Equal Time Point Expected T axi Ramp Clearances Enhanced T erminal Voice Switch End of Transmission Enhanced Upper Air Forecast System External Uninterruptible Power Supply

EUR EURATN EURET Eurocae

European European ATN European Transport European Organization for Civil Aviation Electronics. A regulatory agency for avionics certification in Europe.

EURO-CONTROL European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation Operations EV EVM EVS EXEC F FA FAA FAATC FAC FADEC FAF FAI Fan Marker

Earned Value Error Vector Magnitude Enhanced Vision System Executive Fahrenheit Final Approach (1) Federal Aviation Administration (U.S.) (2) Federal Aviation Authority FAA Technical Center (U.S.) Flight Augmentation Computer Full Authority Digital Electronic Control Final Approach Fix First Article Inspection A marker beacon used to provide identification of positions along airways. Standard fan marker produces an elliptical-shaped pattern. A second type produces a dumbbell-shaped pattern. Future Air Navigation System (1) Federal Acquisition Regulation (2) Federal Aviation Regulation Final Approach Spacing Tool Factory Acceptance T est Fly-By-Light

FANS FAR FAST FAT FBL

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FBO FBW FC FCA FCAF FCC FCDC FCP FCS FD

Fixed Base Operator Fly-By-Wire Foot Candles Functional Configuration Audit Flight Data Acquisition (1) Federal Communications Commission (2) Flight Control Computer Flight Critical dc (1) Flight Control Panel (2) Flight Control Processor (1) Flight Control System (2) Frame Check Sequence (1) Final Data (2) Flight Director (3) Flight Dynamics Flight Data Acquisition Function Flight Data Acquisition Unit Flight Plan Data Bank Flight Detection Exclusion Fiber Distributed Data Interface Flight Data Entry Panel Flight Deck Handset Fault Detection and Isolation Flight Data Input/Output Frequency Division Multiplex. A system where the messages are transmitted over a common path by employing a different frequency band for each signal. Frequency Division Multiple Access Flight Data Processing System Flight Data Recorder

FDRS FDS FDU FEATS FEC FEP FF FGC FHA FHSS FHW FIB FIFO FIM FIR FIS

Flight Data Recorder System Flight Display System Flux Detector Unit Future European Air Traffic Management System Forward Error Correction Front End Processor Fuel Flow Flight Guidance Computer Functional Hazard Assessment Frequency Hopped Spread Spectrum Fault History Word Forwarding Information Base First In, First Out Fault Isolation Manual Flight Information Region (1) Flight Information Service (2) Flight Information System (3) Flight Instrument System Flight Information Services-Broadcast Position in space, usually on aircrafts flight plan (1) Flight Level (as in FL410). This terminology is used to describe aircraft attitude when the altimeter is set at QNE. (2) Foot Lambert Flight Level Change Forward Looking Infra-Red Flight Line Maintenance Flight Forward Looking T errain Avoidance Flight Control

FDAF FDAU FDB FDE FDDI FDEP FDH FDI FDIO FDM

FIS-B FIX FL

FLCH FLIR FLM FLT FLTA FLT CTRL

FDMA FDPS FDR

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FLT INST FLW FM FMA FMC FMCF FMCS FMCW FMEA FMF FMP FMS FMU F/O FOC FOG FOQA FPA FPAC FPC FPGA FPM FPV FQIS FQPU

Flight Instrument Forward Looking Windshear Radar Frequency Modulation Flight Mode Annunciator (1) Flight Director Control (FD) (2) Flight Management Computer (FMCS) Flight Management Computer Function Flight Management Computer System Frequency-Modulated Continuous Wave Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Flight Management Function Flight Mode Panel Flight Management System Fuel Metering Unit (1) First Officer (2) Fuel/Oil Cooler (1) Fuel/Oil Cooler (2) Full Operational Capability Fiber Optic Gyro Flight Operations Quality Assurance (1) Flight Path Angle (2) Focal Plane Array Flight Path Acceleration Flight Profile Comparator Field Programmable Gate Array Feet Per Minute Flight Path Vector Fuel Quantity Indicating System Fuel Quantity Processor Unit

FQR FR FRA FRAD Framing Pulse FREER Free Scan Mode FREQ Frequency FRM FRMR FRP FRPA FRQ FSAS FSE FSEU FSF FSS FT FTE FTP FTPP FW FWC

Formal Qualification Review From Flap Retraction Altitude Frame Relay Access Device A pulse that is used to mark the beginning or end of the coded reply pulses. Free-Route Experimental Encounter Resolution A DME operating mode that will provide distance data to all DME ground stations within the DME range (LOS). Frequency The ability of a receiver-transmitter to rapidly and continually shift operating frequency. Fault Reporting Manual Frame Reject Federal Radionavigation Plan Fixed Reception Pattern Antenna Frequency Flight Service Automation System Field Service Engineer Flap Slat Electronics Unit Flight Safety Foundation Flight Service Station Functional T est Flight T echnical Error File Transfer Protocol Fault Tolerant Power Panel Failure Warning Flight Warning Computer

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41

FWD FWS FYDS GA GAAS GACS GAIT GAMA GATM GBST Gbyte GCAS GCB GCC GCS GCU GDLP GDOP

Forward Flight Warning System Flight Director/Yaw Damper System (1) General Aviation (2) Go Around Galium Arsenide Genetic ATN Communications Service Ground-based Augmentation and Integrity General Aviation Manufacturers Association Global Air Traffic Management Ground-Based Software Tool Gigabyte (billon bytes) Ground Collision Avoidance System Generator Circuit Breaker Ground Cluster Controller (ACARS) Ground Clutter Suppression Generator Control Unit Ground Data Link Processor Geometric Dilution Of Precision. A term referring to error introduced in a GPS calculation due to the positioning of the satellites and the receiver. Ground Delay Program Generator Geostationary Earth Orbit Ground Earth Station Government Furnished Equipment General Format Identifier Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying (1) Graphics Generator (2) Ground-Ground

GGTFM GGR GGS GH GHz GI GIB GIC GICB GIGO GIHO GL Glidepath

Ground-Ground Traffic Flow Management Ground-Ground Router Global Positioning System Ground Station Ground Handling Gigahertz (billion hertz) Group Identifier GNSS Integrity Broadcast GNSS Integrity Channel Ground-Initiated Comm-B Garbage-In Garbage-Out Ground Initiated Handoff (1) Ground Location (ACARS/AFEPS) (2) Group Length The approach path used by an aircraft during an instrument landing or the portion of the glideslope that intersects the localizer. The glidepath does not provide guidance completely to a touchdown point on the runway. The vertical guidance portion of an ILS system. GPS Landing and Navigation System GPS Landing and Navigation Unit Global Navigation Satellite System (1) GPS Landing System (2) Gun Laying System GPS Landing Unit Guidance Material Ground Movement Control Greenwich Mean Time. GMT is a universal time scale based upon the mean angle of rotation of the earth about its axis in relation to the sun. It is referenced to the prime meridian that passes through Greenwich, England. Global Network Architecture

Glideslope GLNS GLNU GLONASS GLS GLU GM GMC GMT

GDP GEN GEO GES GFE GFI GFSK GG

GMU

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GND GNE GNR GNSS GNSSP Goniometer

Ground Gross Navigational Error Global Navigation Receiver Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Panel A device that combines the two signals from two loop antennas. The goniometer (or resolver) contains two fixed coils and one rotating coil. The rotating coil is connected to the ADF bearing indicator needle to indicate the relative bearing from the aircraft to the NDB station. The mechanical position of the rotor represents the bearing of the station, and the position is electrically transmitted to the RMI. Grade of Service Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile Global Positioning, Air Data, Inertial Reference System General Purpose Instrument Bus General Purpose Processor (1) Global Positioning System (See NAVSTAR) (2) Global Positioning Satellite Global Positioning System L1 Frequency Global Positioning System Sensor Unit Ground Power Unit Ground Proximity Warning Computer Ground Proximity Warning System Ground Router Gridded Binary (National Weather Service Model Output) The rate at which a variable quantity increases or decreases.

Gray Code

Special binary code used to transmit altitude data between framing pulses of a transponder reply. A cyclic code having only one digit change at a time. Used in Mode C to transmit aircraft barometric altitude. Also known as Gilham code. A radio wave that travels along the earths surface. Geographic Reference Point (1) Glideslope (2) Ground Speed Glideslope Ground Station Controller (ACARS) Ground Support Equipment Ground Station Information Frame Global Systems Mobile Ground Station Management System Glare Shield Panel Gray Scale Voltage(s) Greater Than General T erms Agreement Data Link Ground Terminal Computer General T echnical Requirements Graphic/User Interface Graphics Vector Engine Gateway Graphical Weather Services A rotating device that will maintain its original plane of rotation, no matter which direction the gyroscope mount is turned. Hardware Architecture Document Hot Air Management System

Ground Wave GRP GS G/S GSC GSE GSIF GSM GSMS GSP GSV GT GTA GTC GTR GUI GVE GW GWS Gyroscope

GOS GOSIP GPADIRS GPIB GPP GPS GPS L1 GPSSU GPU GPWC GPWS GR GRIB Gradient

HAD HAMS

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45

HARS HCP HCI HCS HCW HDBK HDG HDG SEL HDISK HDL HDLC HDLC-B HDLMS HDOP HDOT HDP HE Heading HF

High Altitude Route System Head-Up Control Panel Human Computer Interface Host Computer System Heavily Cold Worked Pipe and Tube (Sean-Free) Handbook Heading Heading Select Hard Disk Hybrid Data Link High-Level Data Link Control High-Level Data Link Control - Balanced Hybrid Data Link Management System Horizontal Dilution of Precision Inertial Vertical Speed Hardware Development Plan Altitude Error The direction of an aircraft path with respect to magnetic or true north. High Frequency. The portion of the radio spectrum from 3 to 30 MHz. HF communication systems operate in the 2 to 30 MHz portion of the spectrum. High-Frequency Data Link HF Data Modem High Frequency Data Radio High Frequency Network Protocol Data Unit High Frequency System Human Factor Study Group HF SubNetwor kL ayer High Gain Antenna

HGC HGS HHLD HI HIC HIL HIRF HLCS HLE HLL HMI HMOS HMU HO HOW HP HPA hPa HPC H-Plane

Head-Up Guidance Computer Head-Up Guidance System Heading Hold High Head Impact Criteria Horizontal Integrity Limit (1) High Intensity Radiated Field (2) High Intensity Radio Frequency High Lift Control System Higher Layer Entity High Level Language Human Machine Interface High Density Metal Oxide Semiconductor Height Monitoring Unit Handoff Hand Over Word (1) High Pressure (2) Holding Pattern High Power Amplifier hecto Pascal High Pressure Compressor The H-Plane is the plane in which the magnetic field of the antenna lies. The H-Plane is perpendicular to the E-Plane. High-Power Relay Pressure Altitude High-Pressure Shutoff Valve High-Pressure Turbine Home Routing Domain Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator

HFDL HFDM HFDR HFNPDU HFS HFSG HFSNL HGA

HPR HPRES HPSOV HPT HRD HSA

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HSACE HS-DSAD HSI

Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator Control Electronics High Speed Frame Relay Service Access Device Horizontal Situation Indicator. An indicator that displays bearing, glideslope, distance, radio source, course and heading information. Hardware and Software Integration T est Heading Select High Stability Reference Hot Standby Routing Protocol Horizontal Stabilizer Trim Actuator Highest Two-way Channel Head-Up Display High-Voltage Power Supply Hardware Hardware Configuration Item Heat Exchanger Hydraulic Hydraulic Interface Module Hertz (cycles per second) Integrated Information System International Aeronautical Communications Service Provider Interface International Alphabet Number 5 Integrated ARINC Ground Station Internet Assigned Number Authority Indicated Angle-of-Attack International Council of Aircraft Owners and Pilots Associations

IAPA IAPS IARP IAS

Instrument Approach Procedures Automation Integrated Avionics Processing System Inverse Address Resolution Protocol Indicated Airspeed is the speed indicated by a differential pressure airspeed indicator that measures the actual pressure differential in the pitot-static head. It is the actual instrument indication for a given flight condition. International Air Transport Association International Business Aviation Council (1) Integrated Circuit (2) Intercabinet International Civil Aviation Organization (Montreal) IAPS Card Cage International Coordinating Council of Aerospace Industries (1) Installation Control Drawing (2) Interface Control Drawing (3) Interactive Design Center Interline Communications Manual Internet Control Message Protocol Integrated Communications, Navigation and Identification Avionics Initial Conflict Probe Integrated Communication Switching System Instrument Comparator Unit Identifier Indicator Display/Control The action of the transponder transmitting an extra pulse along with its identification code (at the request of a controller). Initial Domain Identifier

HSIT HSL HSR HSRP HSTA HTC HUD HVPS HW HWCI HX HYD HYDIM Hz I2S IACSP I/F IA5 IAGS IANA IAOA IAOPA

IATA IBAC IC ICAO ICC ICCAIA ICD

ICM ICMP ICNIA ICP ICSS ICU ID IDC Ident

IDI

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IDG IDP IDRP IDS

Integrated Drive Generator Initial Domain Part Inter-Domain Routing Protocol (1) Ice Detection System (2) Integrated Display System (3) Information Display System Interactive Display Unit IAPS Environmental Control Module Insertion Extraction Device Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Integrated Engine Pressure Ratio Intermediate Frequency. A frequency to which a signal is shifted as an in-between step in the reception or transmission of a signal. International Federation of Airline Pilots Association International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers Associations In-Flight Entertainment Integrated Initial Flight Plan Processing System Instrument Flight Rules International Frequency Registration Board Standardized Graphics Exchange File Interagency Group on International Aviation Inlet Guide Vane Independent Landing Monitor Instrument Landing System. The system provides latera l ,a long-course and vertical guidance to aircraft attempting a landing. Integrated Modular Avionics Integrated Mission Avionics System

IMC IMG IMI IMOK IMPATT Diode In INBD IND Indicated Altitude INFO in.hg. INIT INJ INMARSAT INPH INS

Instrument Meteorological Conditions Implementation Management Group Imbedded Message Identifier Im Okay Impact Avalanche and Transmit Time. This type of diode, when mounted in an appropriate cavity, produces microwave oscillations and amplification. Inch (1) Inboard (2) Inbound Indicator The altitude above mean sea level (uncorrected for temperature). Information Frame Inches of Mercury Initialization Injection International Maritime Satellite Organization Interphone Inertial Navigation System. A self-contained, dead-reckoning system that senses the acceleration along the three axes of the aircraft and calculates the distance traveled from a reference point. Accuracy of the system decreases with respect to time. Instrument Intercept Internet Network Information Center An altitude reporting aircraft that is being considered as a potential threat and processed by the threat detection logic (TCAS). Input/Output. Refers to bi-directional data ports.

IDU IEC IED IEEE IEPR IF (if)

IFALPA IFATCA IFE IFPS IFR IFRB IGES IGIA IGV ILM ILS

INST INTC InterNIC Intruder

IMA IMAS

I/O

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IOC

(1) Initial Operational Capability (2) Input/Output Concentrator (3) Input/Output Controller Institute of Navigation Indian Ocean Region Internet Operating System Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (1) Instructor Pilot (2) Intermediate Pressure (3) Internet Protocol Informational Pacific Air Traffic Control Coordinating Group Illustrated Parts Breakdown (1) Illustrated Parts Catalog (2) Integrated Processing Cabinet (3) Intermediate Pressure Compressor (1) Industrial Products Division (2) Integrated Product Delivery Initial Protocol Identifier Illustrated Parts List Internet Protocol Router Intermediate Pressure Turbine Integrated Receiver/Decoder Internal Roll Extrusion Integrated Refuel Panel (1) Inertial Reference System (2) Interface Requirements Specification Inertial Reference Unit (1) Industry Standard Architecture (2) International Standard Atmosphere Integrated Systems Controller Integrated Services Digital Network

ISDOS ISH ISLN ISO

Information System Design and Optimization System Intermediate System Hello Isolation (1) International Organization for Standardization (2) International Standards Organization (3) Isolation Refer to contour ISO Protocol Architecture Intersound Quality Control facility. Facility that checks, labels and distributes all video cassettes. (1) Integrated Switching Panel (2) Internet Service Provider Interrupt Service Routine Intermediate System Subnetwork Initial Signal Unit Institute of Air Transport Information Technology Management is the ground based portion of an ADMS (See also EDMS). Indium-Tin Oxide Integrated T est System Integrated T est and Support Environment (1) Interstage Turbine Temperature (2) Inter-Turbine Temperature International Telecommunications Union Internal Uninterruptible Power Supply Isolation Valve Instantaneous Vertical Speed Indicator Integrated T erminal Weather System Joint Aviation Authority Joint Airworthiness Requirement

ION IOR IOS IOT & E IP

Iso-Contour ISO PA ISQC ISP ISR ISSN ISU ITA ITM ITO ITS ITSE ITT ITU IUPS IV IVSI ITWS JAA JAR

IPACG IPB IPC

IPD IPI IPL IPR IPT IRD IRE IRP IRS IRU ISA ISC ISDN

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JAR-AWO JATO JCDP JDP JFET JPS J/S JSAT JTAG JTIDS KB KBITS Kbps kb/s KBU Key KG kHz km KPS kts kVA kW L L1 L2

Joint Airworthiness Requirements All Weather Operations Jet Assisted T akeoff Joint Conceptual Definition Phase Joint Definition Phase Junction Field Effect Transistor Journal Processing System Jammer to Signal Ratio Joint System Acceptance T est Joint T est Action Group Joint T actical Information Distribution System Kilo-Bytes (thousand bytes) Kilobits Kilobits per second Kilobits Per Second Keyboard Unit A hand-operated switching device or the act of operating such a device. Kilogram Kilohertz (1000 cycles per second) Kilometer Kilobytes Per Second Knots Kilovolt-ampere Kilowatt Left L-Band carrier (1575.42 MHz) L-Band carrier (1227.6 MHz)

L5 L AAS Lab LADGPS LAN LAPB LAT L-Band LCA LCC LCD LCF LCI LCM LCN LCP LCR LCSTB LD LDCC LDGPS LDOC LDU LE LED Leg LEO

Civil Satellite Frequency Local Area Augmentation System Laboratory Local Area Differential GPS Local Area Network Link Access Protocol - Balanced Latitude A radio frequency band from 390 to 1,550 MHz Layered Component Architecture Leadless Chip Carrier Liquid Crystal Display Link Control Field Logical Channel Identifier Logic Control Module Local Communications Network Lighting Control Panel Link Connection Refusal Low Cost Simulation T estbed Lower Data Leaded Chip Carrier Local Area Differential Global Positioning Satellite Long Distance Operational Control Lamp Driver Unit Link Establish Light Emitting Diode The section of the flight between two waypoints. Low Earth Orbiting

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LF LFR LGA LHP LIB LIM LIMNATRAN LINCS LISN LLC LLMS LLP L/M LME LMI LMM LMP LMT LNA LNAV LO LOB LOC

Low Frequency. The frequency range from 30 to 300 kHz. Low Frequency Radio Range Low Gain Antenna Lightning HIRF Protection Left Inboard Limit Limited North Atlantic Regional Air Navigation Long-Haul Interfacility Communications System Line Impedance Stabilization Network Logical Link Control Liquid Level Measurement System Left Lower Plug. Identifies the plug on the rear connector of an avionics unit. List of Materials Link Management Entity Logical Management Interface Locator Middle Marker. An NDB that is co-located at the same site as the 75 MHz middle marker beacon. Left Middle Plug. Identifies the plug on the rear connector of an avionics unit. Local Mean Time Low Noise Amplifier Lateral Navigation Low Left Outboard Localizer. The lateral guidance portion of an ILS system.

Lock-On

The condition that exists when the DME receives reply pulses to at least 50 percent of the interrogations. Valid distance information is then available. Locator Outer Marker. An NDB that is co-located at the same site as the 75 MHz outer marker beacon. Longitude Line Of Position Long Range Navigation. A system using a ground facility composed of a master station and a slave station. The airborne receiver computes the position of the aircraft by using two or more received master-slave pairs of signals. LORAN-A operates at 1850, 1900 and 1950 kHz. LORAN-C operates at 100 kHz. LORAN-A was replaced by LORAN-C in 1980. Long Range Navigation System (1) Line Of Sight (2) Line-Oriented Simulation Linear Polarization Low Pressure Compressor Link Protocol Data Unit Low Pressure Turbine (1) Low-Range Radio Altimeter (2) Line Replaceable Assembly Long Range Cruise Line Replaceable Module Long Range Navigation Long Range Radar Line Replaceable Unit (1) Lower Sideband. The lower sideband is the difference in frequency between the AM carrier signal and the modulation signal. (2) Least Significant Bit

LOM LON LOP LORAN

LORAN C LOS LP LPC LPDU LPT LRA or LRRA LRC LRM LRN LRR LRU LSB

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LSD LS-DSAD LS-FRAD LSI LSK LSN LSP LTC LTP Lubber Line LV LVDT

Least Significant Digit Low-Speed Frame Relay Service Access Device Low-Speed Frame Relay Access Device Large Scale Integration Line Select Key Local Subnetwork Link State PDU Lowest Two-way Channel Left Top Plug. Identifies the plug on the rear connector of an avionics unit. A fixed line placed on an indicator to indicate the front-to-rear axis of the aircraft. Lower Sideband Voice (1) Linear Variable Differential Transformer (2) Linear Voltage Differential Transducer (used with aircraft control surface servos). Level Change Low Voltage Power Supply Low Visibility Take-Off Mach Number Meter Maximum Authorized IFR Altitude Medium Access Controller Mach number is the ratio of the true airspeed to the speed of sound at a particular flight condition. It is the chief criterion of airflow pattern and is usually represented by the free-stream steady-state value. Magnetic The bearing with respect to magnetic north.

Magnetic North MAINT MALDT MAP Marker Beacon

The direction north as determined by the earths magnetic field. The reference direction for measurement of magnetic directions. Maintenance Mean Administrative and Logistics Delay Time (1) Missed Approach Point (2) Mode Annunciator Panel A transmitter operating at 75 MHz that provides identification of a particular position along an airway or on the approach to an instrument runway. The marker beacon is continuously tone-modulated by a 400-Hz, a 1,300-Hz or a 3,000-Hz tone. Marker beacons along an instrument runway provide along-course (range) guidance and designate when an aircraft should be at a certain altitude if the aircraft is following the glidepath. Mach/Airspeed Indicator Minimum Aviation System Performance Standards Maintenance Access Terminal Missed Approached Waypoint Maximum Maximum engine thrust for two-engine climb Maximum engine thrust for two-engine cruise Marker Beacon Multiple Bit Error Megabytes per Second Master Change Minimum Crossing Altitude Microwave Circuit Board Mean Cycles Between Failures Maintenance Control Computer Maintenance Control Display Panel

M/ASI MASPS MAT MAWP MAX MAX CLB MAX CRZ MB MBE Mbps MC MCA MCB MCBF MCC MCDP

LVLCHG LVPS LVTO M m MAA MAC Mach Number

Mag Magnetic Bearing

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MCDU MCN MCP MCT MCU

Multifunctional Control Display Unit Manufacturing Control Number (1) Maintenance Control Panel (2) Mode Control Panel Max Continuous Thrust (1) Modular Concept Unit (approximately 1/8-ATR, Airline Transport Rack) (2) Motor Control Unit (used in autothrottle) (3) Multifunction Concept Unit Minimum Descent Altitude Maintenance Diagnostic Computer Meteorological Data Collection and Reporting Service Multipurpose Data Link Minimum Discernible Signal. The MDS is the lowest RF signal level that can be detected as a valid signal. Maintenance Display T erminal Minimum En route Altitude Main Equipment Center Minimum Equipment List. The list of equipment that the FAA requires be aboard and working on an aircraft before flying. Medium Earth Orbit Main Engine Start Meteorology Medium Frequency. The portion of the radio spectrum from 300 kHz to 3 MHz. Multifunction Control Display Panel Multifunction Display Multifunction Display System Multifunction Display Unit Mean Fault Isolation Time

MFM MFS MGSCU MHD MHz MIB MIB II MIC MicroEARTS MIDU MIL

Maintenance Fault Memory Media File Server Main Gear Steering Control Unit Magnetic Hard Drive Megahertz (1,000,000 cycles per second) Management Information Base Management Information Base II Microphone. Also refers to the output signal of the microphone. Micro En route Automated Radar Tracking System Multipurpose Interactive Display Unit Military

MDA MDC MDCRS MDL MDS MDT MEA MEC MEL

MIL-HDBK-217General Prediction of Electronic Equipment (MTBF) MILSPEC

Military Specifications

MIL-STD-882 System Safety Requirements Min MIPS MKR MLA MLS MLW MM MME MMI MMIC Mmo

(1) Minimum (2) Minutes Million Instructions Per Second (1) Marker (2) Marker Beacon Maneuver Limited Altitude Microwave Landing System Maximum Landing Weight Mass Memory Modular Mounting Enclosure Man-Machine Interface Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit The maximum Mach number at which an aircraft has been certified to operate.

MEO MES MET MF MFCP MFD MFDS MFDU MFIT

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MMR MMS MN MNCID MNPS MO MOA MOCA MOD

Multi-Mode Receiver Maintenance Management System Magnetic North Network Management Category Interaction Diagram Minimum Navigation Performance Specification Magneto-Optical (1) Memorandum of Agreement (2) Military Operation Area Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude (1) Magneto-Optical Drive (2) Modification (3) Modulator The pulse format for an identification code interrogation of an ATCRBS transponder. An optional mode for transponder interrogation. The pulse format for an altitude information interrogation of an ATCRBS transponder. An unassigned, optional transponder mode. (1) Mode Select (a transponder format to allow discrete interrogation and data link capability) (2) Selective interrogation mode of SSR Modulator/Demodulator Minimum Operational Performance Requirements Minimum Operational Performance Standards Minimum Off-Route Altitude Metal Oxide Semiconductor Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transmitter Memorandum Of Understanding (1) Main Processor (2) Middle Plug. Identifies the plug position on the rear connector of an avionics unit. Multiport Protocol Converter Unit

MPEL MPU MRA MRDU MROSE MRR MRT MS m/s MSAS MSB MSC MSCP MSD MSG MSI MSK MSL M-SNDCF MSP MSSR MSSS MSU MT

Maximum Permissible Exposure Level Multifunction Process Unit Minimum Reception Altitude Multichannel Receiver/Decoder Unit Multiple-tasking Real-time Operating System Executive Manufacturing Revision Request Mean Response Time Millisecond Meter per Second Ministry of Transportation Satellite Augmentation System Most Significant Bit Message Sequence Chart Mobile Satellite Service Provider (1) Mass Storage Device (2) Most Significant Digit Message Medium Scale Integration Minimum Shift Keying Mean Sea Level Mobile - Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Mode S Specific Protocol Monopulse Secondary Surveillance Radar Mode S Specific Services Mode Select Unit Minimum Time

Mode A Mode B Mode C Mode D Mode S

MODEM MOPR MOPS MORA MOS MOSFET MOU MP

MPCU

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MTBF

Mean Time Between Failures. A performance figure calculated by dividing the total unit flying hours (airborne) accrued in a period of time by the number of unit failures that occurred during the same time. Where total unit hours are available, this may be used in lieu of total unit flying hours. Mean Time Between Outages (1) Mean Time Between Removal (2) Mean Time Between Repairs. A performance figure calculated by dividing the total unit flying hours accrued in a period by the number of unit removals (scheduled plus unscheduled) that occurred during the same period. (1) Mean Time Between Unscheduled Removal (2) Mean Time Between Unit Replacements. A performance figure calculated by dividing the total unit flying hours (airborne) accrued in a period by the number of unscheduled unit removals that occurred during the same period. Maintenance T erminal Cabinet Maintenance T erminal Display Maintenance T erminal Function Moving T arget Indicator. This type of radar display will show only moving targets. Module Test and Maintenance Module Test and Maintenance Bus Interface Unit Multifunction Transport Satellite System (Japan) Mean Time To Dispatch Alert Mean Time To Failure. A performance figure calculated by dividing the summation of times to failure for a sample of failed items by the number of failed items in the sample. The same item failing N times constitutes N failed items in the sample. This is different from mean time between failures since no allowance is given to items that have not failed. Mean Time To Maintenance. The arithmetic mean of the time intervals between maintenance actions.

MTTMA MTTR

Mean Time to Maintenance Alert Mean Time T o Repair. A performance figure calculated by dividing the sum of the active repair elapsed times accrued in a period on a number of designated items by the number of these items repaired in the same period. Mean Time To Restore Service Mean Time To Unscheduled Removal. A performance figure calculated by dividing the summation of times to unscheduled removal for a sample of removed items by the number of removed items in the sample. This is different from MTBUR since no allowance is given to items that have not been removed. ACARS Management Unit Multiplier Minimum Use Specification. A generic description by parameter and characteristics of the test equipment and resources required for testing a unit or system. Multiplexer Major World Air Route Area North Fan speed Intermediate compressor speed High speed compressor Not Applicable National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics National Airspace Data Interchange Network Negative Acknowledgement (1) National Aircraft Standard (2) National Airspace System National Aeronautics and Space Administration NAS Precision Approach and Landing System North Atlantic Tracks

MTBO MTBR

MTTRS MTTUR

MTBUR

MU MULT MUS

MTC MTD MTF MTI MTM MTMIU MTSAT MTTDA MTTF

MUX MWARA N N1 N2 N3 N/A NACA NADIN NAK NAS NASA NASPALS NAT

MTTM

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NATA NATCA NATS

National Air Transport Association, Inc. National Air Traffic Controllers Association North Atlantic Track System

NEG NEMA NESDIS NET NEXCOM NEXRAD NFF NGATM NH NHE NICE NIMS NIP NIR NIRV NIS NIST N-Layer

Negative National Electrical Manufacturers Association National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service Network Entity Title Next Generation Communications Next Generation Radar No Faults Found New Generation Air Traffic Manager High Pressure Gas Generator RPM Notes and Helps Editor NAT Implementation Management Group Cost Effectiveness NAS Infrastructure Management System Network Interface Processor Network Interface Router Network interface Router VDL Not-In-Service National Institute of Standards and Technology N is set for any layer name (such as link, network, etc.) or for the initial (e.g. N-SDU means LSDU at the link layer). OSI model definition. Low-Pressure Gas Generator RPM Network-Loadable Module Network Layer Protocol Netherlands National Aerospace Laboratory Not Less Than Nautical Mile Network Management

NAT/NAM/PAC North Atlantic/North American/Pacific NAV NAVAID Navigation Datacard NAVSTAR

Navigation Navigational Aid A medium holding the customized navigation database. The NAVSTAR global positioning system (GPS) is a system using 24 satellites, all reporting precise time signals, along with location keys. Eight satellites are in each of three 63-degree inclined plane circular orbits at 1 1,000 nmi in altitude. The system is used for navigation and determining exact position.

Nautical Mile Equivalent to 6,076.1 feet, or approximately 1.15 (nmi) statute miles. NBAA NC NIC NCD NCI NCS ND NDB

National Business Aviation Association Numerical Control New Installation Concept No Computed Data Not Currently Implemented Network Coordination Station Navigation Display. An EFIS presentation substituting for the horizontal situation indicator (HSI). (1) Navigation Data Base (as stored in FMC memory) (2) Non-Directional Radio Beacon. A ground station designed specifically for ADF use that operates in the 190-to-550-kHz range.Transmits a continuous carrier with either 400-or-1020 Hz modulation (keyed) to provide identification. Nondevelopmental Item Network Element North European ADS-B Network

NL NLM NLP NLR NLT NM or NMI NM

NDI NE NEAN

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NMC NMCCD NMCD NMF NMIRS NMOS NMP NMS NMT NOAA NOC NOCAR NOCC NO COM

National Meteorological Center Network Management Category Class Diagram Network management Category Diagram Network Management Function Network Management Interface Requirements Specification N-type Metal Oxide Semiconductor Network Management Plan Network Management System Not More Than National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Notice Of Change North Atlantic Oceanic Concept and Requirements National Operations Control Center No Communication. A NO COM annunciation indicates that a downlink message has not been acknowledged in an ACARS system. Notice of Inquiry Undesired random electromagnetic disturbances or spurious signals that are not part of the transmitted or received signal. North Pacific Notice to Airmen Notice to Users (ARINC) Non-Precision Approach Network Protocol Data Unit Network Router Network Routing Domain National Route Program Non-Return to Zero

NS NSAP NSDU NSEU NSSL NTF NTIA NTSB NUI NVM NVRAM NWS

Network Service Network Service Access Point Network Service Data Unit Neutron Single Event Upset National Severe Storms Laboratory No Trouble Found. (Referring to testing or checkout of unit/module.) National T elecommunications and Information Administration (U.S.) National Transportation Safety Board Network User Identification Non-Volatile Memory Non-Volatile RAM National Weather Service. The NWS provides a ground-based weather radar network throughout the United States. The radar network operates continuously and transmits the data to the National Meteorological Center, where it correlates with other weather observations. Oceanic Area Control Center Official Airline Guide Oceanic Automation System (1) Operational Acceptance Test (2) Optional Auxiliary Terminal. The OAT may be in the form of a CRT/Keyboard device capable of interfacing with other sources of data on the aircraft and supplying data to a hard copy printer. (Used in an ACARS system.) (3) Outside Air T emperature. The uncorrected reading of the outside temperature gauge. Different types of gauges require different correction factors to obtain static air temperature. Orbit and Attitude Tracking Operational Build Plan

NOI Noise

OAC OAG OAS OAT

NOPAC NOTAM NOTUS NPA NPDU NR NRD NRP NRZ

OATS OBP

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OBS

(1) Omnibearing Selector. A panel instrument that contains the controls and circuits to select an omnibearing and determine the TO-FROM indication. (2) Optical Bypass Switch Oceanic Control Area Operations Control Center Oceanic Clearance Delivery Oceanic Communications Improvement Group Oceanic Clearance Processor Base-8 counting system. Numbers include 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Oceanic Display And Planning System. Will present oceanic flight data to controllers in a display that will enable better route and altitude assignments. Operational Display and Input Development Optical Data Link Original Equipment Manufacturer Overhead Electronics Units

OMEGA

A navigation system that uses two high-powered transmitter ground stations to broadcast a continuous wave signal. The receiver measures the range difference between the two stations to determine position.

OCA OCC OCD OCIG OCP Octal ODAPS

O m n i b e a r i n g The bearing indicated by a navigational receiver on transmissions from an omnidirectional radio range (VOR). OMS OMT OOA OOD OOOI

(1) Onboard Maintenance System (2) Order Management System Object Modeling T echnique Object Oriented Analysis Object Oriented Design OUT-OFF-ON-IN. An OOOI event is recorded as part of the ACARS operation. The OUT event is recorded when the aircraft is clear of the gate and ready to taxi. The OFF event occurs when the aircraft has lifted off the runway. The ON event occurs when the aircraft has landed. The IN event occurs when the aircraft has taxied to the ramp area.

ODID ODL OEM OEU

On-BlockTime The time that the aircraft arrives at the gate. OP OPT OPAS OPBC OPER OPR OPS OPSPECS OPU O-QAR OR OS

Off-Block Time The time that the aircraft leaves the gate. OFP OGE OHU OID OIU OLAN OLDI O&M OM OMD

Operational Optimum Overhead Panel ARINC 629 System Overhead Panel Bus Controller Operation Once Per Revolution Operations Per Second Operational Specifications Overspeed Protection Unit Optical Quick Access Recorder Operational Requirements Operating System

Operational Flight Program Operational Ground Equipment Overhead Unit (HUD) Outline Installation Drawing Orientation/Introduction Unit Onboard Local Area Network On-Line Data Interchange Operating and Maintenance Outer Marker Onboard Maintenance Documentation

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71

OSC OSDS OSI OSIE OSI-RM OSPF OT & E OTA OTFP OTH OTP OTS OVRD OVS oxy PA PAC PA/CI PACIS PAD Paired Channels

Order Status Report Oceanic System Development Support (1) Open Systems Interconnection (2) Open System Interface OSI Environment Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model Open Shortest Path First Operational Test and Evaluation Office of Technology Assessment (U.S.) Operational Traffic Flow Planning Over The Horizon Office of Telecommunications Policy (U.S.) Off-The-Shelf Override Overhead Video System Oxygen (1) Passenger Address (2) Power Amplifier Path Attenuation Compensation Passenger Address/Cabin Interphone Passenger Address and Communication Interphone System Packet Assembler-Disassembler DME channels are paired with a VORTAC or ILS frequency and are automatically selected when the VORTAC or ILS frequency is selected. Most navigation controls have this feature. Programmable Array Logic Pulse Amplitude Modulation

PANS-OPS PAPI PAR

Procedures for Air Navigation Services - Aircraft Operations Precision Approach Path Indicators Precision Approach Radar. An X-band radar that scans a limited area and is part of the ground-controlled approach system. Passenger Address System Pilot Applications T erminal Passenger Address Unit Performance Assessment and Workload Evaluation Passenger Place Bearing/Distance (waypoint) Post Burn-In Data Private Branch Exchange (1) Personal Computer (2) Printed Circuit The GPS precision code Physical Configuration Audit Printed Circuit Board Pilot Controller Communication Protocol Control Information. The N-PCI is exchanged between peer network members (OSI Model) to coordinate joint information. Precipitation Pulse Code Modulation Personal Computer Memory Card Interface Association (1) Passenger Control Unit (2) Power Control Unit Profile Descent Premature Descent Alert

PAS PAT PAU PAWES PAX PBD PBID PBX PC P-Code PCA PCB PCC PCI

PCIP PCM PCMCIA PCU PD PDA

PAL PAM

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73

PDB PDC PDCU PDD PDDI

Performance Data Base Pre-Departure Clearance Panel Data Concentrator Unit Package Design Document Product Definition Data Interface. Standardizes digital descriptions of part configurations and properties needed for manufacturing. Primary Display Function Program Design Language Precision Distance Measuring Equipment Public Data Network (CCITT/ISD) Position Dilution Of Precision. A GPS term for error introduced into the GPS calculations. Powered Door Opening System Preliminary Design Review Primary Display System (1) Power Distribution Unit (2) Power Drive Unit (3) Protocol Data Unit. The N-PDU is a combination of the N-PCI and the N-UD or N-SDU. The N-PDU is the total information that is transferred between peer network members (OSI Model) as a unit. Peer Entity Contact Table Peak Envelope Power Performance A relative number used to compare the performance of different radar systems. It is calculated from transmitter peak power, antenna gain, pulse width, prf, antenna beam width and the receiver noise figure. Program Evaluation Review T echinque Passenger Entertainment System

PET PETAL PETAL II PETAL IIe PF PFC PFCS PFD

Pacific Engineering Trials Preliminary Eurocontrol Test of Air/Ground Data Link Preliminary Eurocontrol Test of Air/Ground Data Link, Phase II Preliminary Eurocontrol Test of Air/Ground Data Link, Phase II Extension (1) Pilot Flying (2) Power Factor Primary Flight Computer Primary Flight Control System (1) Primary Flight Director (2) Primary Flight Display. An EFIS presentation substituting for the ADI. Passenger Flight Information System Pulse Repetition Frequency. The rate at which pulses are transmitted. Product File Sets Pin Grid Array Program for Harmonized ATC Research in Europe Performance Buffet Limit Nominal Bank Angle Physical Interface Device A signal in which the phase varies (with respect to the original signal) with the amplitude of the modulatory signal, while the amplitude of the carrier wave remains constant. Similar to a modified frequency modulated signal. Parameter Identifier Performance Integrity and Availability Protocol Implementation Conformance Statements

PDF PDL P-DME PDN PDOP PDOS PDR PDS PDU

PFIS PFR PFS PGA PHARE PHIBUF PHINOM PHY Phase Modulation

PECT PEP PERF Performance Index

PI PIA PICS

PERT PES

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PID

(1) Parameter Identifier (2) Primitive Identifier (3) Process Identifier Processor Input/Output Production or Pipe Internal Roll Extrusion Pilot Reports

PNF PNR POA POC Polled Mode

Pilot Not Flying Point of No Return Plain Old ACARS Proof Of Concept An ACARS mode of operation in which the airborne system transmits only in response to received uplink messages (polls). Point of Presence Pacific Ocean Region Position Position Initialization Position Reference Potentiometer Plain Old Telephone System/Service Physical Layer Protocol Data Unit Planned Position Indicator. A type of radar display which shows aircraft positions and airways chart on the same display. Processor-to-Processor Link pages per minute (1) Pulse Position Modulation (2) Parts Per Million Present Position Point-to-Point Protocol (1) Packets Per Second (2) Precise Positioning Service (3) Pulse Per Second Predictive Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring Prerecorded Announcement Machine Preliminary Data

PI/O PIRE PIREPS

Pitot Pressure The sum of the static and dynamic pressures and is the total force per unit area exerted by the air on the surface of a body in motion. Pitot Tube

POP POR POS POS INIT POS REF POT POTS PPDU PPI

A forward facing probe attached to the outside of the aircraft to sense the relative pressure of the aircraft moving through the atmosphere. Named for Henri Pitot who first used this method of measuring fluid flow pressure. Parameter Length (1) Power Level Angle (2) Programmable Logic Array Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver Phase Locked Loop Phase Modulation (1) Parts Manufacturing Approval (2) Permanent Magnet Alternator Portable Maintenance Access Terminal Provisional Memory Cover Permanent Magnet Generator P-Type Metal Oxide Semiconductor Performance Management System (1) Part Number (2) Pseudo Noise Performance Navigation Computer System Primary Navigation Display Pneumatic

PL PLA PLGR PLL PM PMA PMAT PMC PMG PMOS PMS PN PNCS PND PNEU

PPL ppm PPM PPOS PPP PPS

PRAIM PRAM PRELIM

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PRESS Pressure Altitude PREV Preventive Advisory PRF PRI PRM PRN PROC PROF PROG PROM PR-NAV Protocol PROV PROX PRSOV P/RST PRTR PS PSA PSAS PSD PSDN

Pressure The altitude measured above standard pressure level. Based on the relationship of pressure and altitude with respect to a standard atmosphere. Previous A resolution advisory that instructs the pilot to avoid certain deviations from current vertical rate. (TCAS) Pulse Repetition Frequency (1) Primary (2) Primary Rate Interface (1) Precision Runway Monitoring (2) Proposed Rule Making Pseudo Random Noise Procedure Profile Progress Page on MCDU Programmable ROM Precision Area Navigation A set of rules for the format and content of messages between communicating processes. Provisional Proximity Pressure Regulating and Shutoff Valve Press T o Reset Printer Power Supply Power Supply Assembly Primary Stability Augmentation System Port Sharing Device Packet Switched Data Network

PSEU PSL/PSA PSM PSN PSPL PSR

Proximity Sensor Electronic Unit Problem Statement Language/Problem Statement Analyzer Power Supply Modules Packet Switching Network Preferred Standard Parts List Primary Surveillance Radar. The part of the ATC system that determines the range and azimuth of an aircraft in a controlled air space. Proximity Sensor System Passenger Service Unit T otal Pressure Performance T est Domain Packet Switching Exchange Public Switched T elephone Network Path Packet Type Identifier Peripheral Transition Module (I/O interface for SBC) Production T est Requirements Problem Tracking System Production T est Specification Document (1) Post, Telephone and T elegraph (2) Push T o Talk. Also refers to the switching signal that enables the transmitter. (3) Push T oT est Power Transfer Unit Plan View Display Parameter Value Permanent Virtual Circuit Position, Velocity, Time

PSS PSU PT PTD PSE PSTN PTH PTI PTM PTR PTS PTSD PTT

PTU PVD PV PVC PVT

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79

PWM PWR QAR QC QEC QFE

Pulse-Width Modulation Power Quick Access Recorder Quality Control Quadrantral Error Corrector A method of setting the altimeter to compensate for changes in barometric pressure and runway elevation. Pilot receives information from airfield and adjusts his altimeter accordingly and it will read zero altitude at touchdown on the runway. Quality Management Quality Management Plan The method of setting the altimeter to the standard atmosphere datum -29.92 inches of mercury (1,013.25 mb). This setting is used in the United States airspace by all aircraft above FL180. The more common method of setting the altimeter to compensate for changes in barometric pressure. Pilot receives information from airfield, adjusts his altimeter accordingly and the altimeter will read airfield elevation at touchdown. Quality Operating Procedures Quality of Service Quick Reference Handbook Quantity Quadrant Error in the relative bearing caused by the distortion of the received radio signal (RF fields) by the structure of the aircraft. (1) Right (2) Route Tuned NAVAID (1) Resolution Advisory (generated by TCAS) (2) Radio Altimeter (3) Routing Area

RAA

Regional Airline Association

Rabbit Tracks Rabbit Tracks, or running rabbits, refer to the distinctive display produced by another (alien radar) radar system transmission. RAD

(1) Radial (2) Radio (3) Rapid Application Development Radio Detecting and Ranging. A system that measures distance and bearing to an object. The time interval (approximately 12.359 microseconds) required for radio waves to travel one nautical mile and return (total of 2 nmi). A line of direction going out from a VOR station measured as a bearing with respect to magnetic north. The radome is the protective cover on the aircraft nose that fits over the weather radar system antenna. The radome is transparent at radar frequencies. Requirements Analysis Folder Radio Altimeter Indicator Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring Radio Altimeter (also RA, RADALT, LRA, LRRA) Random Access Memory. Generally used to describe read/write integrated circuit memory. Remote Area Precision Positioning System Row Address Strobe RAM Air Temperature is the temperature of the air entering an air scoop inlet. It is a factor in engine performance. Rate of Climb Resistor-Capacitor network Rack Connectors and Wiring Remote Center Air/Ground Station

Radar Radar Mile

QM QMP QNE

Radial

Radome

QNH

RAF RAI RAIM RALT RAM RAPPS RAS RAT

QOP QoS QRH QTY QUAD Quadrantral Error R RA

R/C R-C R-C&W RCAG

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81

RCC RCE RCL RCO RCP RCR RCVR RCU R&D Rd RDARA RDC RDF RDI RDMI RDP RDR RDSS RDU RDV RDVS RECAP REF REFL Reflectivity Factor (Z) Relative Bearing

Remote Charge Converter Radio Control Equipment Radio Communications Link Remote Communications Outlet (1) Radio Control Panel (2) Required Communications Performance Routing and Circuit Restoral Receiver Remote Control Unit Research and Development R-Channel used for data Regional Domestic Air Route Area Routing Domain Confederation Routing Domain Format Routing Domain Identifier Radio Distance Magnetic Indicator Radar Data Processing (system) Radar Radio Determination Satellite Service Receiver/Decoder Unit Requirements Development and Validation Rapid Deployment Voice Switch Reliability Evaluation and Corrective Action Program Reference Reflection This is a measurement of the ability of a target to reflect the energy from a radar beam. The bearing of a ground station relative to the direction the aircraft nose points, or the direction of an aircraft to or from an NDB.

REL REQ RER Resolution Advisory

Relative (1) Request (2) Required/Requirement Residual Error Rate A display indication given to the pilot recommending a maneuver to increase vertical separation relative to an intruding aircraft. A resolution advisory is also classified as corrective or preventive. Restriction Resynchronizing (1) Rapid Exit Taxiway (2) Reliability Evaluation Test Remote Electronics Unit Radio Frequency. A general term for the range of frequencies above 150 kHz, to the infra-red region (1012 Hz). Request for Comments (1) Radio Frequency Interference (2) Request For Information Request For Proposal Request For T echnical Proposal Radio Frequency Unit Red/Green/Blue Review of the General Concept of Separation Panel Radio Handler Response on Handoff Reduced Horizontal Separation Minima (1) Right Inboard (2) Routing Information Base Routing Information Protocol Reduced Instruction Set Computer Radio Interface Unit

RESTR RESYNCING RET REU RF

RFC RFI RFP RFTP RFU RGB RGCSP RH RHO RHSM RIB RIP RISC RIU

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RJ RLE RLP RLS RLY R&M RM&A RMI RMMS RMP R-NAV RNG RNGA RNP RNR RNTP RO ROA ROB ROC ROD ROM RON ROTHR RP

Regional Jet Response on Link Establishment Ring Laser Gyro (1) Reliable Link Source (2) Remote Light Sensor Relay Reliability and Maintainability Reliability Maintainability and Availability Radio Magnetic Indicator RM Management System (1) Radio Management Panel (2) Remote Maintenance Panel Area Navigation Range Range Arc Required Navigation Performance Receive Not Ready Radio Nav Tuning Panel (1) Radio Operator (2) Roll Out Recognized Operating Agency Right Outboard (1) Rate Of Climb (2) Rate of Operational Capability Rate Of Descent (1) Read Only Memory (2) Rough Order of Magnitude Remain Over Night Relocatable Over-The-Horizon Radar Routing Protocol

RPI RPM RPOA RR RRI RSDP RSN RSP RSSI RT

Rapid Process Improvement Revolutions Per Minute Recognized Private Operation Agency (CCITT) Receiver Ready Router Reference Implementation Reliable Sequencing Delivery Confirmation Protocol Regional Subnetwork (1) Required Surveillance Performance (2) Reversion Select Panel Received Signal Strength Indicator (1) Radio Telecommunication (2) Receiver-Transmitter (R/T). Also referred to as a transceiver. (See T/R) (1) Receiver-Transmitter Antenna (2) Required Time of Arrival Real-Time Clock Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics

RTA RTC RTCA

RTCA DO-160 RTCA Document 160, Environmental Conditions and T est Procedures for Airborne Equipment, Issued 12/04/89 RTCA DO-178 RTCA Document 1 78, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, issued 03/22/85 RTE RTF RTI RTM RTP RTO RTOS RTP

Route Radiotelephony Real-Time Interrogate Radio Transmission Module Reliability Test Plan Rejected T akeoff Real-Time Operating System Radio Tuning Panel

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85

RTR RTS RTTI RTU RU Runway Incursion RVDT RVR RVSM R/W RW RWM

Remote Transmitter Receiver Site Request To Send Run-Time Type Identification Radio Tuning Unit Rack Unit The act of inadvertently crossing the runway holding point without ATC clearance. Rotary Voltage Differential Transducer Runway Visual Range Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum Read/Write Runway Read-Write Memory. A memory in which each cell is selected by applying appropriate electrical input signals, and the stored data may be either sensed at the appropriate output terminal or changes in response to other electrical input signals. Receiver Return to Zero South Segment O Segment 1 (1) Selective Availability (2) Situation Awareness Service Access Area Secondary Attitude Air Data Reference Unit Society of Automotive Engineers System Architecture and Interface Small Aircraft Manufacturers Association Service Access Points

SAR SARPS SAS SAT

Search and Rescue Standards And Recommended Practices (1) Stability Augmentation System (2) Station Address Set (1) Static Air T emperature is the total air temperature corrected for the Mach effect. Increases in airspeed cause probe temperature to rise presenting erroneous information. SAT is the outside air temperature if the aircraft could be brought to a stop before measuring temperatures. (2) System Acceptance Test Satellite Communications Satellite Navigation Service Bulletin Single Board Computer Schematic Block Diagram Single Bit Error Step Climb Special Committee Special Category (1) Specification Control Drawing (2) System Category Diagram Satellite Control Data Unit Software Configuration Index Drawing Radio Altimeter Indicator Software Configuration Management Single Carrier Per Channel Single Channel Simplex. A communication system that uses simplex. Small Computer System Interface (1) Signal Conditioning Unit (2) Signal Conversion Unit

SATCOM SATNAV SB SBC SBD SBE S/C SC SCAT SCD SCDU SCID SCIU SCM SCPC SCS SCSI SCU

Rx RZ S S0 S1 SA SAA SAARU SAE SAI SAMA SAP

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SD

(1) Side Display (2) Storm Detection. It is the designation for the hourly transmitted radar observations from the NWS and ARTCC radars. Individual SDs are combined and transmitted once an hour as collectives(SDUs) over the aviation teletype circuits. Standard Disk Drive Source Destination Identifier Speaker Drive Module Surveillance Data Processing Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory Supplier Data Requirements List (1) Satellite Data Unit (2) Sensor Display Unit (3) Service Data Unit In this mode, the DME scans from 0 mile to the outer range for a reply pulse pair after transmitting an interrogation pulse pair. Secondary Secondary EICA SD i s play (1) Software Engineering Institute (2) Standby Engine Indicator (1) Select (2) Selector Identifier Selective Calling System. A system used in conjunction with HF and VHF communication systems that allows a ground-based radio operator to call a single aircraft or group of aircraft without the aircraft personnel monitoring the ground station radio frequency. An instruction given to the TCAS equipment for control of its threat volume. Secondary Electrical Power Contactor Stress Evaluation Prediction Program Serial Number

SEU SFDF SFE SG SI

(1) Single Event Upset (2) Seat Electronics Unit Subsystem Fault Detection Function Supplier Furnished Equipment Signal Generator (1) Selective Interrogation (2) Standby Instruments (3) Supporting Interrogator Secondary Surveillance Radar Improvements and Collision Avoidance System Secondary Surveillance Radar Improvements And Collision Avoidance System Panel Standard Instrument Departure The reproduction of sounds in a headset (or speaker) from the transmitter of the same communication set. This allows a person to hear his/her own voice when transmitting. (1) Standard Interchange Format (2) System Integration Facility Significant Meteorological Observations (1) Systems Integration Lab (2) Service Information Letter A communication operation that uses only a single channel for transmit and receive operations. Communications can take place in only one direction at a time. Single In-line Package Societe Internationale de Telecommunications Aeronautiques System Integration T est Plan/Description System Integration and Test System Integration Test Report Satellite Interface Unit

SDD SDI SDM SDP SDRAM SDRL SDU

SICAS SICASP SID Sidetone

Search

SIF SIGMETS SIL Simplex

SEC SED SEI SEL SELCAL

SIP SITA SITP/D SIT SITR SIU

Sensitivity Level Command SEPC SEPP SERNO

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89

Skywave

A radio wave that is reflected by the ionosphere. Depending upon the state of the ionosphere, the reflected radio wave may propagate along the layer of the ionosphere or be reflected at some angle. It is also known as ionospheric or indirect wave. Sensitivity Level Sub-Level Service Level Agreement The line-of-sight distance from the aircraft to a DME ground station. Synchronous Link Control System Level Health System Level Interface Standard Length Message Source Lines of Code Side-Lobe Suppression. A system that prevents a transponder from replying to the side-lobe interrogations of the SSR. Replying to side-lobe interrogations would supply false replies to the ATC ground station and obscure the aircraft location. System Level Use Case (1) Service Level Verifier (2) Sync Lock Valve Surface Movement Advisor System Management and Communication Surface Mount Device Switched Multi-megabit Data Service System Management Entity Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems Standard Message Identifiers Seamless Pipe and Tube Spectrum Monitoring System

SMT

SL S/L SLA Slant Range SLC SLH SLI SLM SLoC SLS

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Aileron/Rudder Servo Mount Elevator Servo Mount Servo Mount Stabilizer Trim Servo Mount Standard Message Text Station Management

SN SNA SNAC SNAcP SNCR SNDCF SNDCP SNICF SNLE SNMP SNPA SNPDU SNR SNSDU SOF SOH SOI SOIT SOM SON SOP SOPA SOS SP

Subnetwork System Network Architecture Subnetwork Access Subnetwork Access Protocol Subnetwork Connection Reference Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Function Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Protocol Subnetwork Independent Convergence Function Subnetwork Link Establishment Simple Network Management Protocol Subnetwork Point of Attachment Subnetwork Protocol Data Unit Signal-to-Noise Ratio Subnetwork Service Data Unit Safety Of Flight Start of Header System Operator Instructions Satellite Operational Implementation T eam Software Operator Manual Statement of Operational Need Standard Operating Procedure Standard Operating Procedure Amplified Silicon On Sapphire Space

SLUC SLV SMA SMC SMD SMDS SME SMGCS SMI SMLS SMS

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SPATE SPC SPD SPE Speed of Light SPI SPIP SPKR SPM Spoking

Special Purpose Automatic T est Equipment Statistical Process Control Speed Seller Purchased Equipment Represented by the symbol c and has a value of 2.9979250 x 10 8 meters/second or 983,571,194 feet/second. Special Position Identification Designation for a transponder ident pulse. Speaker (1) Stabilizer Position Modules (2) Surface Position Monitor Refers to a display presentation that radiates outward from the display origin like the spokes on a wagon wheel. Sync Phase Reversal. (Term is used in Mode S transponders.) (1) Sensor Processing Subsystem (2) Standard Positioning Service Squelch Service Quality Service Quality/Billing Processor Service Quality Data Structured Query Language Signal Quality Parameter A squall line is a line of thunderstorms and developing thunderstorms. Reply to interrogation signal (XPD). A control and/or circuit that reduces the gain in response of a receiver. The squelch is used to eliminate the output noise of the receiver when a signal is not being received.

Squitter

(1) The random pulse pairs generated by the ground station as a filler signal. (2) The transmission of a specified reply format at a minimum rate without the need to be interrogated. (Filler pulses transmitted between interrogations) [XPD]. (3) Spontaneous Transmission generated once per second by transponders. Service Request Software Requirements And Design Description Static Random Access Memory Systems Requirements Document Selective Reject Selective Reject Mode Selected Reference Point Satellite Recognition Receiver Satellite Receiver Transmitter Shop Replaceable Unit Single Sideband. An AM signal that has a reduced carrier, with the power applied to a single sideband. Since the bandwidth of the information-carrying signal is reduced, a better signal-to-noise ratio is obtained at the receiver. Solid-State Cockpit Voice/Data Recorder Solid-State Cockpit Voice Recorder Static Source Error Correction Solid-State Flight Data Recorder Sign Status Matrix Secondary Surveillance Radar. A radar-type system that requires a transponder to transmit a reply signal. Single Sideband Suppressed Carrier. A SSSC signal is a band of audio intelligence frequencies that have been translated to a band of radio frequencies without distortion of the intelligence signal.

SR SRADD SRAM SRD SREJ SRM SRP SRR SRT SRU SSB

SPR SPS SQ or Sql SQ SQB SQD SQL SQP Squall Line Squawk Squelch

SSCV/DR SSCVR SSEC SSFDR SSM SSR

SSSC

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SSU ST sta STAB Standard Atmosphere Standby Mode STAR STARS Static Ports Static Pressure Static RAM

Subsequent Signal Unit Statistics Station Stabilizer Represents the mean or average properties of the atmosphere. At sea level static pressure is 29.92 InHg and temperature is +15C. A DME mode that applies power to the DME RT but the unit does not transmit. Standard T erminal Arrival Routes Standard T erminal Automation Replacement System Flush-mounted openings in the skin of the aircraft fuselage used to sense static pressure. Ambient atmospheric pressure or static pressure is the force per unit area exerted by the air on the surface of a body at rest relative to the air. RAM constructed of bistable transistor elements. Memory cells do not require refreshing. (See Dynamic RAM.) A correction applied to static source pressure measurements to partly or completely correct for pressure errors that are caused by airflow changes. It is computed as a function of Mach and altitude based on measured errors for a particular static system. Systems Testbed Standby Instruments (1) Sensitivity Time Control. A control circuit used in radar applications to control receiver gain with respect to time. (2) Supplemental Type Certificate Stabilizer Trim Control Module (1) Standard (2) System Technical Description Standby Instruments

STDMA STEPCLB STIU STM STOL STP STS STX SU SUA SUL SUO Superheterodyne Receiver Suppressor Pulse

Synchronized Time Division Multiple Access Step Climb Satellite Telecommunications Intermediate Unit Serial Transition Module Short Takeoff and Landing Standard T emperature and Pressure Stable Time Subfield Start of Text Signal Unit Special Use Airspace Yaw Damper Actuator (1) Aileron/Elevator/Rudder Servo (2) Servo Actuator A receiver in which the incoming RF signal is mixed to produce a lower intermediate frequency. A pulse used to disable L-band avionics during the transmitting period of another piece of L-band airborne equipment. It prevents the other avionics aboard the aircraft from being damaged or interfered with by the transmission and any noise associated with that transmission. Regional Supplementary Procedures (1) Autothrottle Servo (2) Stabilizer Trim Servo (3) System Under Test Space Vehicle (1) Service (2) Switched Virtual Circuit Servo Service Readiness Review Servo Throttle

Static Source Error (SSEC)

STB STBY STC

SUPPS SUT

SV SVC SVO SVRR SVT

STCM STD STDBY

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95

SVU S/W SWAP SWIT SWTRR sys SYS SYSCAT-B SYSCI TA TAD TAC TACAN

Satellite Voice Unit Software Severe Weather Avoidance Program Software Integration and Test Software T est Readiness Review System System Identifier System Category B (FAA Message Format) System Configuration Item Traffic Advisory (TCAS) Terrain Awareness Display (1) Test Access Control (2) Thrust Asymmetry Compensation The Tactical Air Navigation System that provides azimuth and distance information to an aircraft from a fixed ground station (as opposed to DME providing only distance information). Tachometer Test Access Control Interface Unit Terminal Area Forecast (ICAO) Thermal Anti-Icing Terminal Area Productivity Trials ATN Router An aircraft within the surveillance range of TCAS. True Airspeed (1) Total Air Temperature. The air temperature including heat rise due to compressibility. (2) True Air Temperature Terminal Air Traffic Control Automation

TAU

TAU is the minimum time a flight crew needs to discern a collision threat and take evasive action. It represents the performance envelope (speed and path of aircraft) divided by the closure rate of any intruder aircraft (TCAS). Terrain Awareness Warning System Transfer Bus Breaker To Be Determined Time Between Overhauls (1) To Be Specified (2) To Be Supplied (1) Transport Connection (2) Type Certificate Top-of-Climb (1) Terminal Control Area (2) Throttle Control Assembly Traffic Alert Collision Avoidance System A baseline system that provides a warning (TA) to the flight crew of the presence of another aircraft (potential collision threat) within the surveillance area. No avoidance maneuver is suggested. A collision avoidance system providing traffic information (within approximately 30 nmi of the aircraft) to the flight crew, in addition to the resolution advisories (RA) (for vertical maneuvers only). A TCAS II-equipped aircraft will coordinate with TCAS II-equipped intruder aircraft to provide complementary maneuvers. Turbine Case Cooling Terrain Clearance Floor T echnical Coordination Meeting T est Content Management System TACAN Transmission Control Protocol

TAWS TBB TBD TBO TBS TC T/C TCA TCAS TCAS I

Tach TACIU TAF TAI TAP TAR Target TAS TAT

TCAS II

TCC TCF TCM TCMS TCN TCP

TATCA

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TCPIP TCQ TCS TCU TCXO T/D TDLS TDM

Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Throttle Control Quadrant T ouch Control Steering (1) TACAN Control Unit (2) Telephone Conversion Unit Temperature Controlled Crystal Oscillator Top-of-Descent Tower Data Link System In the Time Division Multiplex Systems a common carrier is shared to transmit multiple messages (to multiple receivers) by time sharing the carrier between the message sources. Time Division Multiplex Access. When multiple transmitters are using a single carrier to transmit to a single receiver, the carrier is time shared between each of the transmitters, so the multiple messages are not garbled at the receiver. Time Dilution Of Precision. A term used to describe the error introduced by variances in the calculated time. Transponder Terminal Display System Tower Data Services Terminal Terminal Doppler Weather Radar Thermo-Electric Cooler Text Element Identifiers Temperature A sensor protruding into the airstream to sense air temperature. Requires correction to get static air temperature. (1) Terminal En Route Procedures (2) T erminal Instrument Procedures Trials End System (for ATN) Traffic Flow Management

TFT TFTP TFTS TG TG3 TG4 TGC TGS TGT THDG THR THR HOLD Threat

Thin Film Transistor Trivial File Transfer Protocol Terrestrial Flight T elephone System (1) Timer - VDL Management Entity (2) Transmission Gate GSs Maximum Time Between Transmissions Maximum Time Between GSIFs Timer Turbulence Gain Control Maximum Link Overlap Timer Target True Heading Thrust Throttle Hold A target that has satisfied the threat detection logic and thus requires a traffic or resolution advisory (TCAS). Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator Telecommunications Industry Association True Indicated Airspeed Traffic Information Service Track Angle Track Angle Error Top-Level Terminal Location (ACARS/AFEPS) Thrust Lever Angle Telemetry Word Target Level of Safety Timer - Media Access Control T erminal Control Area

TDMA

TDOP

THSA TIA TIAS TIS TK TKE T/L TL TLA TLM TLS TM TMA

TDR TDS TDST TDWR TEC TEI TEMP Temperature Probe TERPS TES TFM

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TMC TMCF TMCS TMF TMS TMU TN TO TOC TOD TO EPR TO/FROM Indicator TOGA TO N1 TOR TOT Touchdown TOW TPMU TP TP4 TPDU TPL TPM TPR TQA

Thrust Management Computer Thrust Management Computer Function Thrust Management Computer System Thrust Management Function (1) Thrust Management System (2) Traffic Management System Traffic Management Unit True North T ake Off (1) Top of Climb (2) Transfer of Communications T op of Descent Takeoff Engine Pressure Ratio Indicates whether the omnibearing selected is the course to or from the VOR ground station. Take Off, Go-Around. Also seen as TO/GA. Take Off Engine Fan Speed T erms of Reference Total The point at which the predetermined glidepath intercepts the runway. Time Of Week Tire Pressure Monitor Unit Test Point Transport Protocol Class 4 Transport Protocol Data Unit T erminal Permission List (ACARS/AFEPS) T echnical Performance Management Transponder Throttle Quadrant Assembly

TR

Temporary Revision. A document, printed on yellow paper that temporarily amends a page or pages of a component maintenance manual. (1) Thrust Reverser (2) Transceiver (see RT) (3) Transmitter-Receiver (1) Temporary Reserved Airspace (2) Thrust Reduction Altitude Terminal Radar Approach Control (1) The actual path, over the ground, traveled by an aircraft (navigation). (2) In this mode the DME transmits a reduced pulse pair rate after acquiring lock-on (DME). (3) Estimated position and velocity of a single aircraft based on correlated surveillance data reports (TCAS). Terminal Radar Approach Control Test and Repair Control System. An automated data retrieval system.TRACS functions include: 1) provide the location of any given unit at any time; 2) provide an efficient flow of work to and from test stations; 3) provide quick access to quality information generated by the actual testing process (performed by the technician); 4) provide statistical and historical data regarding throughput time for products, failure, yield rates, WIP , etc. Information given to the pilot pertaining to the position of another aircraft in the immediate vicinity. The information contains no suggested maneuvers. (Traffic advisory airspace is 1200 feet above and below the aircraft and approximately 45 seconds distant with respect to closure speed of the aircraft.) [TCAS] The number of transponder-equipped aircraft within R nautical miles (nmi) of own aircraft, divided by x (R nmi)2. Transponder-equipped aircraft include Mode S and ATCRBS Mode A and Mode C, and excludes own aircraft. (TCAS) Transition A receiver and transmitter combined in a single unit. Same as RT .

T/R

TRA TRAC Track

TRACON TRACS

Traffic Advisory

Traffic Density

TRANS Transceiver

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Transponder TRD TRK TRP TRR TRSB TRU

Avionics equipment that returns an identifying coded signal. Transit Routing Domain Track Mode S Transponder (1) Test Readiness Review (2) Test Rejection and Repair Time Reference Scanning Beam. The international standard for MLS installations. (1) Transformer Rectifier Unit (2) True

TSO

Technical Standard Order. Every unit built with a TSO nameplate must meet TSO requirements. TSO operating temperature extremes are not the same as the manufacturing burn-in limits. Technology Support and Services Time Source Transition Module (1) Test Tools (2) Total Temperature Time T o First Fix Transistor - Transistor Logic TCAS II Receiver/Transmitter Time To Station, an indication that displays the amount of time for an aircraft to reach a selected DME ground station while traveling at a constant speed. T eletypewriter Turbulence The U.S. National Weather Service defines light turbulence as areas where wind velocity shifts are 0 to 19 feet per second (0 to 5.79 meters per second) and moderate turbulence as wind velocity shifts of 19 to 35 feet per second (5.79 to 10.67 meters per second). Turbine Vane and Blade Cooling Turbine Vane Cooling Total Vertical Error (1) Terminal Weather Data Link (2) Two Way Data Link Terminal Doppler Weather Radar Terminal Weather Information for Pilots Technical Work Program Turbulence Weather Radar Traveling Wave Tube

TSS TSTM TT TTFF TTL TTR TTS

True Airspeed The true velocity of the aircraft through the surrounding air mass. True Altitude

The exact distance above mean sea level (corrected for temperature).
TTY TURB Turbulence

True Bearing The bearing of a ground station with respect to true north. True North TS TSA TSAP TSC TSDIU TSE TSIP TSM TSP

The direction of the north pole from the observer. (1) Time Source (2) Transport Service (1) T ail Strike Assembly (2) Technical Service Agreement Transport Service Access Point Term Service Commitment Transport Service Data Unit Total System Error Trimble Standard Interface Protocol Autothrottle Servo Mount (without Clutch) (1) Transmitted Signal Power (2) Twisted Shielded Pair

TVBC TVC TVE TWDL TWDR TWIP TWP TWR TWT

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TX UA UART UAT UB UBI UCI UCS UD

Transmit (see XMIT) Unnumbered Acknowledgment Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter Universal Access Transceiver Utility Bus Uplink Block Identifier User Computer Interface Uniform Chromaticity Scale User Data. The N-User data may also be transferred between peer network members (OSI Model) as required. User Datagram Protocol Universal Flight Data Recorder Ultra-High Frequency. The portion of the radio spectrum from 300 MHz to 3 GHz. Unnumbered Information Upper Information Region Uplink Underwater Locator Beacon Unit Load Device Unified Modeling Language Universal Mount A DME channel without a corresponding VOR or ILS frequency. The radio transmission path upward from the earth to the aircraft. Universal Platform Universal Platform Resource Management UPS Management System Uninterruptible Power Supply

USAF USB

United States Air Force Upper Sideband is the information-carrying band and is the frequency produced by adding the carrier frequency and the modulating frequency. Unstabilized Universal Coordinated Time Unshielded Twisted Pair Unit Under T est Upper Sideband Voice Unique Word (1) Velocity (2) Volt Critical engine failure velocity Takeoff climb velocity Volt-Amperes Volts Alternating Current (1) Value Added Processor (2) Visual Aids Panel (1) Virtual Applications Prototyping System (2) Virtual Avionics Prototyping System (1) Variation (2) Visual-Aural Radio Range (3) Volt-Amps Reactive Visual Approach Slope Indicator Voltage Averaging Unit Variable Bypass Valve (1) Design Cruising Speed (2) Virtual Circuit Virtual Circuit Bridge (1) Variable Capacitance Diode (2) Voltage Controlled Device

USTB UTC UTP UUT UV UW V V1 V2 VA VAC VAP VAPS VAR

UDP UFDR UHF UI UIR UL ULB ULD UML UMT Unpaired Channel Uplink UP UPRM UPSMS UPS

VASI VAU VBV VC VCB VCD

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VCMAX VCMIN VCO VCU VD VDC VDL VDR VER Vertical Speed VF VFE VFO VFOP VFR VFXR(R) VFXR(X) VG/DG

Active Maximum Control Speed Active Minimum Control Speed Variable Controlled Oscillator VDL Control Unit (1) Design Diving Speed (2) Heading to a DME Distance Volts Direct Current VHF Data Link VHF Digital Radio Version The rate of change of pressure altitude, usually calibrated in hundreds of feet per minute. Design Flap Speed Flaps Extended Placard Speed Variable Frequency Oscillator Visual Flight Rules Operations Panel Visual Flight Rules Flap Retraction Speed Flap Extension Speed Vertical Gyro/Directional Gyro

VIGV VISTA VIU V/L VLE VLF VLO VLOF VLSI VLV VM V/M VMAX VMC

Variable Integral Guide Vane Virtual Integrated Software Testbed for Avionics Video Interface Unit VOR/Localizer Landing Gear Extended Placard Airspeed Very Low Frequency Maximum Landing Gear of Operating Speed Lift-off Speed Very Large Scale Integration Valve Heading to a manual termination Voltmeter Basic Clean Aircraft Maximum CAS (1) Visual Meteorological Conditions (2) Minimum Control Speed with Critical Engine Out (2) Versa Module Eurocard Bus (1) VHF Management Entity, VME bus Versa Module Eurocard Card Cage Basic Clean Aircraft Minimum CAS Minimum Maneuver Speed The maximum airspeed at which an aircraft is certified to operate. This can be a fixed number or a function of configuration (gear, flaps, etc.), or altitude, or both. VNMS Health Monitoring Vertical Navigation Never-Exceed Speed Maximum Structural Cruising Speed VHF Navigation Receiver

VME VMECC VMIN VM(LO) Vmo

VG or VGND Ground Velocity VGA VH VHF VHS VHSIC-2 VI VIs

Video Graphics Adapter Maximum Level-flight Speed with Continuous Power Very High Frequency. The portion of the radio spectrum from 30 to 300 MHz. Very High Speed Very High Speed Integrated Circuits - Phase 2 Heading to a course intercept Lowest Selectable Airspeed

VMON V/NAV VNE VNO VNR

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VOCRAD VOD Voispond

Voice Radio Video On Demand A CALSEL function that would automatically identify an aircraft by a voice recording. Voispond is not yet implemented. Volt-Ohm-Milliammeter VHF Omnidirectional Radio Range. A system that provides bearing information to an aircraft. A system in which a VOR and DME station are co-located. VOR/Marker Beacon A system in which a VOR and a TACAN station are co-located. Velocity Of Sound Voice Transmission Vertical Path Vendor Part Number (1) Takeoff Rotation Velocity (2) Heading to a radial Video Random Access Memory Reference Velocity VDL Reference Guide Vertical Speed Very Small Aperture Terminal Variable Speed Constant Frequency (1) Vertical Stabilizer Control System used on NOTAR helicopter (2) Voice Switching and Control System VDL Specific DTE Address (1) Vertical Speed Indicator (2) Stalling Speed in a Specified Flight Configuration

VSL Advisory Vertical Speed Limit Advisory may be preventive or corrective (TCAS) VSM VSO VSTOL VSV VSWR

Vertical Separation Minimum Stalling Speed in the Landing Configuration Vertical or Short T akeoff and Landing Variable Station Vane Voltage-Standing Wave Ratio. The ratio of the amplitude of the voltage (or electric field) at a voltage maximum to that of an adjacent voltage minimum. VSWR is a measurement of the mismatch between the load and the transmission line. Vertical Track Distance Volumetric Top-Off Vertical Takeoff and Landing Variable Takeoff Rating Vertical Track Utility Speed Speed for Best Angle of Climb Speed for Best Rate of Climb (1) Watt (2) West Wide Area Augmentation System (Method of Differential GPS) Wide Area Differential Global Navigation Satellite System World Area Forecast System Wing Anti-Ice Wide Area Network World Administrative Radio Conference (1992) World Administrative Radio Conference for the Mobile Service

VOM VOR VOR/DME VOR/MB VORTAC VOS VOX VPATH VPN VR VRAM VREF VRG V/S VSAT VSCF VSCS

VTK VTO VTOL VTR V/TRK VU VX VY W WAAS WADGNSS WAFS WAI WAN WARC-92 WARC-MOB

VSD VSI

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WATRS Waypoint WBC WCP WD WES WEU WFA WGS WGS-72 WGS-84 WhisperShout

West Atlantic Route Structure A position along a route of flight. Weight and Balance Computer W X RC on trol Panels Wind Direction Warning Electronic System Warning Electronic Unit WXR Flat Plate Antenna World Geodetic System World Geodetic Survey of 1972 World Geodetic System 1984 A sequence of ATCRBS interrogations and suppressions of varying power levels transmitted by TCAS equipment to reduce severity of synchronous interference and multipath problems. Wind Magnitude Wind Direction Work In Progress Welded Pipe and Tube WXR Antenna Pedestal and WXR Waveguide Adapter WXR Indicator Mount World Meteorological Organization With Modification of Vertical Profile Wide-area Master Station Weather Message Switching Center Weather Message Switching Center Replacement WXR Mount Week Number Grouping of bits. Size of group varies from microprocessor to microprocessor.

WOW WP WPT WPR WRS WRT WSDDM W/STEP WT WX WXI WXP WXR WWW WYPT XA X-BAND XB X-Channel

Weight On Wheels Working Paper Waypoint Waypoint Position Report Wide-area Reference Station WXR Receiver/Transmitter Weather Support for Deicing Decision Making With Step Change in Altitude Weight Weather WXR Indicator Weather Radar Panel Weather Radar System World Wide Web Waypoint Altitude ARINC The frequency range between 8000 and 12500 MHz International Air Transport Association (IATA) A DME channel.There are 126 X-Channels for DME operation. For the first 63 channels, the ground-to-air frequency is 63 MHz below the air-to-ground frequency. For the second 63-X Channels the ground-to-air frequency is 63 MHz above the air-to-ground frequency. Transceiver Transfer Exchange Identification Translator External Master Transmit Transmitter

WINDMG WINDR WIP WLD WMA WMI WMO W/MOD WMS WMSC WMSCR WMT WN WORD

XCVR XFR XID XLTR XM XMIT XMTR

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XPD XPDR XS XTI XTK XTP

ATC Transponder (also XPDR, XPNDR, TPR) Transponder SITA X/Open Transport Interface Crosstrack (crosstrack error) Express Transfer Protocol

Yagi Antenna An antenna with its maximum radiation parallel to the long axis of its array, consisting of a driven dipole, a parasitic dipole reflector, and one parasitic dipole director or more. YSAS YD Z ZFW Z-Marker

Yaw Stability Augmentation System Yaw Damper (1) Refer to reflectivity factor (2) Zulu (GM Time) Zero Fuel Weight A marker beacon, sometimes referred to as a station locator, that provides positive identification to the pilot when the aircraft is passing directly over a low-frequency navigation aid.

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