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Wave Loader

Powered by the WAVE LOADS software developed by Fluid Mechanics Institute, University of Hannover, Germany This program is used to generate a wave load on a ROBOT structure model. The user enters wave parameters (a theory used to approximate wave kinematics, water depth, wave height, time period, etc.) and structure geometry (the geometry is imported from a ROBOT file). As a result, wave loads are generated in a ROBOT project in the manner specified by the user (for the maximal effects only or for each time step). Data: structure geometry (imported from the ROBOT file or the current program session) wave parameters (theory, dimensions, a simulation time, a time step, etc.) Results: wave load cases generated directly in the ROBOT project (separate load cases for the maximal base shear and the maximal overturning moment or separate load cases for each time step)

1. General interface

The whole interface is included within one module. The main menu ( A) contains five items: 1. Import model for model import options. 2. Wave load parameters for detailed load parameters. 3. Generation options for structure specific generation options. 4. Drawing options for the graphical viewer (B) options. 5. Generate to start load generation.

There is also a data field in the worksheet (C), allowing edition of some of the general quantities like: a wave theory, a transport model, water depth, a wave period or length, a current velocity and a structure rotation angle. The table (D) contains information concerning structure bars. Wave generation algorithms assume all the bars to be tubes so the table contains the equivalent diameter column and the user editable increase column enabling the user to change a value of the precalculated diameter. The table also allows edition of the following data for each bar: Cd (drag coefficient) and Cm (inertia coefficient), coefficients of Morissons formula, a number of subdivisions of a bar (forces generated are applied at the points of subdivisions), a bar analysis flag (whether the bar is analysed or not). The following picture contains example of wave loads generated in a ROBOT model:

2. The model import dialog


This dialog lets the user choose the way a model should be imported. One can import the current ROBOT model or select a file to import a model from.

3. The wave load parameters dialog


In this dialog box the user may set up parameters concerning a wave model. The possible wave theories are: Airy wave theory (Stokes first order theory) Stokes second order theory Stokes third order theory Lagrangian formulation by Woltering Stokes fifth order theory Stream-function theory in formulation by Sobey Stream-function theory in formulation by Fenton Stream-function theory in formulation by Dalrymple Other parameters like general ones (water depth, wave height, wave length/period, etc.) and more specific to the theories (an order of stream function, a number of surface points for the approximation of a wave profile, etc.) are also specified within the dialog.

4. The generation options dialog


This dialog enables the user to set up some defaults and options for the loads to be generated inside a ROBOT model. First, as it is assumed that a wave direction is aligned with the global X axis, the user can specify the rotation angle of a structure. This way arbitrary configurations of the structure with respect to the wave direction can be achieved. Fields concerning the number of subdivisions, the Cd and Cm coefficients allow the user to set up defaults that will be applied to all bars after an import. The user can also specify a way loads are generated inside the ROBOT model. For now there are two possibilities of doing this. 1. One load case can be generated for each time step 2. Load cases can be generated for the maximal static effects only. To be able to calculate an overturning moment at least one moment reduction point must be specified. This is the case after an import of any structure a default moment reduction point is added automatically. The user can then add/delete additional moment reduction points (the overall number of them is restricted up to five).

5. The drawing options dialog


This dialog enables selection of several properties of the graphical viewer. The user can enable/disable wave profile animation, bars numbering, etc.