You are on page 1of 64

# CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

## Collapse Load Methods for Slab Design

Yield Line Theory Hillerborgs Strip Method Openings in Slabs

CE 5510 - 2004

Class Objectives
Explain the principles of plastic analysis. Discuss the differences between upper and lower bound theorems and the limitations. Determine the design moments using yield line (upper bound solution) and Hillerborgs strip (lower bound solution) methods

CE 5510 - 2004

James G. MacGregor, REINFORCED CONCRETE:

## Mechanics and Design, 3rd Ed., Prentice-Hall, 1997, Ch. 15.

The next few slides are from the Reinforced Concrete Council

CE 5510 - 2004

Plastic Analysis

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

Membrane Action

CE 5510 - 2004

Principles

CE 5510 - 2004

Limitations

CE 5510 - 2004

Example on Beam

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

## Collapse Load Analysis for Slabs

For any slab the conditions of collapse are: The moments and other forces satisfy equilibrium and boundary conditions The yield condition is satisfied everywhere in the slab The yield criterion is satisfied along yield lines which constitute a valid collapse mechanism

CE 5510 - 2004

Definitions
Yield Line - this is analogous to a plastic hinge in a beam Yield condition the relevant yield condition requires the bending moment normal to any section to be less than or equal to the ultimate moment of resistance (yield moment) of that section Yield criterion the associated yield criterion is that the bending moment normal to an yield line is equal to the yield moment of the section containing the yield line.

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

Notation

CE 5510 - 2004

Notations

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

## Selection of Yield Line Patterns

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

Moment-axis Notation

CE 5510 - 2004

Moment Vectors

CE 5510 - 2004

External Work

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

Orthogonal Slabs

CE 5510 - 2004

Isotropic Slabs

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

## Energy Dissipation in RZ - Example

CE 5510 - 2004

Example

CE 5510 - 2004

EXAMPLE
Determine the ultimate uniformly distributed load, wu, per unit area of a simply supported square slab of side t. The slab is isotropically reinforced with ultimate positive moment of resistance per unit width of mu.

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

Example

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

## Analysis by Equilibrium Equations

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

Refer to notes (YL-Equilibrium Eq Example.pdf) for examples solved using Analysis by Equilibrium Equations.

CE 5510 - 2004

Fan Mechanism

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

CE 5510 - 2004

## Hillerborgs Strip Method

CE 5510 - 2004

Examples
Refer to notes (Hillerborgs Strip Method.pdf) for more examples.

CE 5510 - 2004

## Example on Slab with Opening

CE 5510 - 2004

Draw Lines indicating the strips (strong bands which contains concentration of reinforcement)

CE 5510 - 2004