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CE 5510 - 2004

Advanced Structural Concrete Design CE 5510

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Collapse Load Methods for Slab Design


Yield Line Theory Hillerborgs Strip Method Openings in Slabs

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Class Objectives
Explain the principles of plastic analysis. Discuss the differences between upper and lower bound theorems and the limitations. Determine the design moments using yield line (upper bound solution) and Hillerborgs strip (lower bound solution) methods

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Recommended Reading
James G. MacGregor, REINFORCED CONCRETE:

Mechanics and Design, 3rd Ed., Prentice-Hall, 1997, Ch. 15.

The next few slides are from the Reinforced Concrete Council

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Plastic Analysis

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Upper and Lower Bound Theorems

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Membrane Action

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Principles

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Limitations

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Example on Beam

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Yield Line Theory

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Development of cracks and conditions at collapse

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Collapse Load Analysis for Slabs


For any slab the conditions of collapse are: The moments and other forces satisfy equilibrium and boundary conditions The yield condition is satisfied everywhere in the slab The yield criterion is satisfied along yield lines which constitute a valid collapse mechanism

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Definitions
Yield Line - this is analogous to a plastic hinge in a beam Yield condition the relevant yield condition requires the bending moment normal to any section to be less than or equal to the ultimate moment of resistance (yield moment) of that section Yield criterion the associated yield criterion is that the bending moment normal to an yield line is equal to the yield moment of the section containing the yield line.

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Yield Line Method

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Notation

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Notations

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Yield Line Patterns

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Selection of Yield Line Patterns

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Moment-axis Notation

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Moment Vectors

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External Work

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Stepped Yield Criterion

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Orthogonal Slabs

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Isotropic Slabs

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Energy Dissipation in a yield line

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Energy Dissipation in YL - Example

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Why does the yield line not pass thru D?

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Another Collapse Mechanism

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Comments

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Energy Dissipation in a Rigid Region

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Energy Dissipation in RZ - Example

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Example

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EXAMPLE
Determine the ultimate uniformly distributed load, wu, per unit area of a simply supported square slab of side t. The slab is isotropically reinforced with ultimate positive moment of resistance per unit width of mu.

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Components of Internal work done

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Minimum Load Principle

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Example

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Analysis by Equilibrium Equations

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Refer to notes (YL-Equilibrium Eq Example.pdf) for examples solved using Analysis by Equilibrium Equations.

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Fan Mechanism

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Refer to notes (Yield Line Examples.pdf) for more examples.

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Hillerborgs Strip Method

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Moments and Reinforcement

Parts of the slab that will crack

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Moments and Reinforcement

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Division into Strips

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Bending Moments for the 6 strips

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Hillerborgs Strip Method

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Examples
Refer to notes (Hillerborgs Strip Method.pdf) for more examples.

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Example on Slab with Opening

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Draw Lines indicating the strips (strong bands which contains concentration of reinforcement)

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See notes to sketch BM diagrams