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Ukrainian Week
No. 73


Vins released, beaten up Oles Berdnyk arrested

KESTON, England. - Petro Vins, MOSCOW, USSR. - A young NEW YORK, N.Y. - Oles Berd­
22, was released from a one-year labor Ukrainian human rights activist from nyk, one of the original members of
camp sentence on February 15 and re­ Kiev has been beaten up for the second the Ukrainian Public Group to Pro­
turned home, reported the Keston time in a week by a man believed to be a mote the Implementation of the Hel­
News Service on March 15. KGB agent, dissident leader Andrei Sa­ sinki Accords, was arrested earlier this
Vins, one of the youngest members kharov said on March 28. month, reported the press service of
of the Ukrainian Public Group to Pro­ Dr. Sakharov said that Petro Vins, the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation
mote the Implementation of the Hel­ 23-year-old son of imprisoned Baptist Council (abroard).
sinki Accords, was arrested on Feb­ leader, Georgi Vins, was set upon Dissident sources in Ukraine feared
ruary 15, 1978, on charges of para­ March 27 on the streets of the Ukraini­ for several months that the authorities
sitism. Vins's arrest then was his an capital by four men in plain clothes. were preparing a new case against Ber­
second in three months. The same four men picked up Vins dnyk. In early March the homes of
He was brought to trial on March several days ago, drove him 40 miles several dissidents were searched by the
28, 1978, and sentenced to one-year in­ outside the city and beat him up after secret police in connection with the re­
carceration. He was the fifth member he tried to see an American consular newed harassment against Berdnyk.
of the Kiev group to be sentenced. official. At that time Reuters reported that
Dr. Andrei Sakharov told Western
I a m sure these men are from the Berdnyk had not been seen since the
correspondents then that the trial was KGB," Dr. Sakharov said. secret police entered his home.
held behind closed doors. Vins's family The Moscow human rights leader Berdnyk was born on November 25,
said the men also threatened Vins that 1927, in the Kherson oblast of
(Continued on page 3) he and his family would be killed. Ukraine. He is a veteran of World War
II. Oles Berdnyk
In 1945-1949, Berdnyk was a theater
student at the Ivan Franko Institute in Berdnyk is the eighth member of the
10 Ukrainians elected to Kiev and later he became an actor. In
1949-1955, he was incarcerated in a
Kiev group to be arrested. Others were:
Mykola Rudenko, the head of the
concentration camp. group, Oleksa Tykhy, Lev Lukianen-
provincial legislature in Alberta Following his release, Berdnyk ko, Myroslav Marynovych, Mykola
Matusevych, Petro Vins and Vasyl
began to publish his works. In 1972
EDMONTON, Alta. - Ten Ukrai­ According to the Ukrainian News Berdnyk was expelled from the Union Striltsiv.
nian Canadians were elected to the ("Ukrayinski Visti") of March 15, a of Writers of Ukraine for his civic Gen. Petro Grigorenko, a member
Legislative Assembly of Alberta on weekly newspaper published here, work and for his deviation from soci­ of the group who served as liaison with
March 14 during the Progressive Con­ other Ukrainian Canadians who unsuc­ alist realism in literature. the Moscow group, was given an exit
servative Party's landslide victory in cessfully ran for legislative seats were: visa to the United States in November
In November 1977 Berdnyk became 1977 and in early 1978 he was barred
that western Canadian province.
(New Democratic Party) William D. one of the co-founders of the Ukraini­ from returning home.
Nine of the 10 Ukrainians who won Kobluk, P. Opryshko, M. Seredniak, an Helsinki monitoring group. Out of
the elections are members pf the Pro­ Berdnyk, a writer, poet and futur-
S. Leskiv and H. Babchuk; (Social the original 10 members of the group, ologist, is also a member of the Alter­
gressive Conservative Party and one is Credit Party) V. Nakonechny; and only three have not been arrested or ex­
a member of the Social Credit Party. A native Evolution Initiative Council and
(Liberal Party) R. Kharuk, R. Pisetsky iled - Nina Strokata-Karavanska, Ivan the council of the Ukrainian spiritual
total of 19 Ukrainian Canadians Kandyba and Oksana Meshko.
and Orest Boyko. republic.
campaigned for seats in the provincial
The Ukrainians who won the elec­
tions are: (Progressive Conservative
Party) Bill Wasyl Diachuk, Dr. Ken­ The Ukrainian Museum hopes to increase membership
neth R.H. Paproski, Katherine Chi- JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The Ukrai­
chak, Julian G.J. Koziak, I. Zaozirny, nian Museum in New York City will
S. Kushnir, George Topolinsky, I. Ba- begin a new membership campaign in
tiuk and Peter Trynchy; and (Social hopes of increasing the number of mu­
Credit Party) V. Buk. seum members from the present 350 to
The Progressive Conservative Party at least 1,000, and, thus, broaden its
won 74 out of 79 seats is the legislature financial base, reported the museum's
or 93.5 percent. Four seats went to the board of trustees at a recent meeting
Social Credit Party and one to the New with UNA Supreme Officers and Svo-
Democratic Party. boda and The Weekly editors here at
The landslide victory of the Progres­ the UNA building.
sive Conservatives is a record in The scope of the museum should be
Alberta. In the last elections, the Pro­ expanded, according to Dr. Bohdan
gressive Conservatives won 69 out 75 Cymbalisty, president of the museum's
seats, or 92 percent. recently elected board of trustees.
Among the new Ukrainian Canadian Among the plans for the future,
legislators are S. Kushnir, who noted Dr. Cymbalisty, are the acquisi­
campaigned instead of his father, I. tion of a larger museum building which
Kushnir, and I. Zaozirny. could accommodate new divisions such The board of trustees of The Ukrainian Museum met with UNA Supreme Offi­
After the elections, provincial Pre­ as exhibits of folk art, religious and cers and Svoboda and The Weekly editors during their visit to the UNA building.
mier Peter Lougheed said that the new ecclesiastical art and Ukrainian history Seated, left to right, are: Lubov Drashevska, Supreme President Dr. John O.
government has a mandate from the with a subdivision for the history of Flis, Dr. Zofia Sywak, Dr. Bohdan Cymbalisty, Maria Savchak; standing: editors
people, Mr. Lougheed pledged that his Ukrainian settlement in America. The Eugene Fedorenko, Zenon Snylyk and Roma Sochan-Hadzewycz, Supreme
government will represent all Alber- museum should also include a gallery Organizer Wasyl Orichowsky, Supreme Treasurer Ulana Diachuk, Dr. Klemens
tans, no matter where they come from Rohozynsky, Natalia Chytra-Rybak, Supreme Secretary Walter Sochan and editors
or their ethnic heritage. (Continued on page 5) Basil Tershakovec, Lubov Kolensky and Wolodymyr Lewenetz.

No hope'of release for Plakhotniuk, says samvydav Moscow
NEW YORK, N.Y. - For Mykola would raise the question of his release attacks Lukianenko
Plakhotniuk, a Ukrainian physician before the committee.
imprisoned in Soviet psychiatric insti­ The conditions are very harsh in this JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The Soviet
tutions since 1972, there appears to be hospital. Plakhotniuk is constantly in government recently began a new at­
no hope of release, according to infor­ the company of genuinely ill persons. tack on the Western press, citing the
mation circulating in the samvydav. They are taken for walks very rarely West's campaign against the Soviet
A samvydav document received in during the summer, and during the Union, reported the Ukrainian Central
the West and made public here by the winter — not at all. That is why Pla­ Information Service.
press service of the Ukrainian Supreme khotniuk's state of health is poor. While Radio Moscow condemned the
Liberation Council (abroad), noted he was still free, Plakhotniuk had Toronto Globe and Mail for publishing
that Plakhotniuk's doctor said there is tuberculosis. an advertisement in defense of Ukrai­
no reason to release Plakhotniuk be­ nian political prisoner Lev Lukia­
fore the conclusion of the Olympic nenko.
Games, Radio Moscow said that Lukianenko
The full text of the samvydav docu­ The press service added that Pla­ was engaged "in terrorist activity in
ment follows. khotniuk was a physician at a chil­ Ukraine with the goal of destroying the
dren's sanatorium and a senior labora­ Soviet system there and bringing about
The full text of the samvydav docu­ the secession of Ukraine from the
ment follows. tory supervisor at the Kiev Medical In­
stitute. KGB repressions of Plakhot­ USSR."
niuk began in 1969 in connection with It also reported that Lukianenko
Mykola Plakhotniuk the publication of a "Letter from the "propagated the hate of Ukrainians
Creative Youth of Dnipropetrovske," for Russians and disseminated printed
Plakhotniuk, Mykola Hryhorovych,
is no hope of his release. The doctor which documented Russification in works of nationalistic character."
born 1936. Ukrainian. Since January
12, 1972, he was under surveillance for who is treating Plakhotniuk said in a that city. Poets Ivan Sokulsky and
article 62 of the Criminal Code of the conversation that there is no reason to Mykola Kulchynsky and engineer
Ukrainian SSR. Since May 12, 1972, he release him before the beginning of the Viktor Savchenko, who were respon­ Chernivtsi Baptists
was undergoing examination at the Olympic Games. sible for the letter, were sentenced in
Serbsky Institute. Following a diagno­ January 12 was the seventh anniver­ January 1970 to terms ranging from find house of worship
sis of schizophrenia, he was sent to the sary of Plakhotniuk's imprisonment in two to four and a half years imprison­ KESTON, England. - Baptists in
Dnipropetrovske Psychiatric Institute psychiatric hospitals (actually six years ment. Their trial was held at a time the town of Chernivsti! in western
and later to the Kazan Institute. In and several months, because Plakhot­ when the press condemned Ukrainian Ukraine have found a house of wor­
June 1978 he was freed from Kazan, niuk was at first under surveillance). patriots. Plakhotniuk, who was dis­ ship, reported the Keston New Service
but on August 8 he was transferred to Plakhotniuk is not allowed any visi­ gusted by this, disseminated in the on March 15.
the hospital in the city of Smila, Cher- tors now. The passports of his relatives samvydav a letter titled "The Truth is The Baptists have renovated an un­
kaske oblast, and assigned to section 5. are reviewed (the hospital is of a gen­ Behind Us. A Reply to the Sland­ used church building in the town and
February 8 marks six months of his eral type). The doctors say that nothing erers." This letter led to Plakhotniuk's the dedication was held last year. P.A.
stay in Smila. His case should be re­ is dependent upon them, but earlier arrest in January 1972 during the anti- Tseon was ordained minister of the
viewed soon by a committee. But there Plakhotniuk's doctor had said that he Ukrainian campaign of the Soviets. church.

Recently imprisoned philologist faced harassment since 1972

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - A recently a search of his apartment. The UCIS re­ participated in a one-day hunger strike
imprisoned Ukrainian philologist and ported that there is proof that Ovsien­ organized by the political inmates who
teacher has been the victim of Soviet ko did not impede the search. demand official recognition as political
harassment since the early 1970s, re­ The information service claims that prisoners. Ovsienko also participated
ported the Ukrainian Central Informa­ Ovsienko was arrested for maintaining in a hunger strike-demonstration on
tion Service (UCIS). contact with the Ukrainian Public March 8, 1975, which demanded the
Vasyl Ovsienko, 30, was sentenced Group to Promote the Implementation release of all Ukrainian political pri­
on February 8 to three years incarcera­ of the Helsinki Accords and with poli­ soners on the occasion of International
tion for his refusal to allow KGB tical prisoners іл the Soviet Union. Women's Year.
agents to conduct a search of his Ovsienko is a 1972 graduate of the In December 1976 he signed a joint
apartment. He was also charged with Ukrainian division of the department appeal to the Presidium of the Supreme
maintaining contact with human rights of philology of the Kiev State Univer­ Soviet of the Armenian SSR in sup­
activists and political prisoners. sity. port of the efforts Jby Armenian politi­
The trial was held in Radomyshl He was arrested for the first time on cal prisoners to have the National Uni­
February 7-8. His family was given March 5, 1973, and charged with ted Party of Armenia legalized and
permission to attend the opening ses­ "anti-Soviet agitation and propa­ their requests for a national referen­
sion of the trial, but they were barred ganda." The UCIS said that his arrest dum on self-determination.
from the courtroom on the second day. then was connected with the cases of Va­ In early February 1977 he was trans­
According to the UCIS, Ovsienko was syl Lisovy and Yevhen Proniuk, two ferred to Zhytomyr and on March 5 he
arrested soon after he was visited by Ukrainian philosophers who were was released. Ovsienko settled down in
two relatives of Ukrainian political pri­ arrested in July 1972 and sentenced in the village of Lenino, Radomyshl re­
soners. The UCIS said that one person November 1973. gion, Zhytomyr oblast, where his 67-
Vasyl Ovsienko Ovsienko was sentenced then to four year-old mother resides. Being a
is an activist in the dissident movement
and the other is the sister of a political Ovsienko denied that he had refused years imprisonment in a Mordovian former political prisoner, Ovsienko
prisoner. to allow secret police agents to conduct concentration camp. was placed under a six-month period of
Despite incarceration, Ovsienko surveillance and probation.
continued his activity in the area of hu­ On March 31 he requested local
man rights.
Yes, we want him! On February 22, 1974, Ovsienko (Continued on page 11)

In September 1975, I.S. Hrushet-

sky, chairman of the Supreme So­
viet of the Ukrainian SSR, told
three Canadian MPs: "After his

^Moroz's) second arrest, he refused FOUNDED 1893

to recant his views and was sen­ Ukrainian newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association, Inc., at 30 Montgomery
Street, Jersey City, N.J. 07302, daily except Mondays and holidays.
tenced to nine years incarceration
instead of five years and will there­ TELEPHONES: U.N.A.
, Svoboda
fore be released in 1979. If the (201)434-0237 (201)451-2200
(201)434-0807 -om New York (212)227-5250
Americans will still want him, then
from New York (212) 227-4125 (212)227-5251
they can have him."
Yes, we want him.
Subscription rates tor THE UKRAINIAN WEEK I Y S6.00 per year
Write to your senator, represent­ UNA Members S2.50 per year
ative and member of parliament,
telling them of your concern in the THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Editors: Ihor Dlaboha
matter. P.O, Box 346, Jersey City, N.J.- 0"303 R о m a Soc h a n - H ad/e w \ c /.

Grigorenko feels no need for Soviet citizenship Vins...

(Continued from page 1)
PARIS, France. - Gen. Petro Grigorenko, the exiled For that reason, said Gen. Grigorenko, the Soviet autho-
Ukrainian human rights activist, said in an interview with rities are using force to obtain recantations from well known
"Kontinent" that he has no need for Soviet citizenship Ukrainian rights advocates.
because of the repressive nature of that state. Gen. Grigorenko denied statements made by "Konty-
'Soviet citizenship is not necessary for me. I am not en- nent" that he is a "defender of the purity of Leninism" or
ticed whatsoever with the prospects of being an eternal slave that he shares the same ideas as Roy Medvedyev, a Soviet
of the colonial empire called the USSR, the fatherland of a dissident.
savage bureacracy - a partisan-governmental locust," said The former hero of the Soviet army said that he does not
Gen. Grigorenko, a onetime member of the Ukrainian Pub- have anything in common with Medvedyev and that he
lic Group to Promote the Implementation of the Helsinki would not "even sit in the same row with him."
Accords and now its representative in the West. As to why certain Western Communist parties disapprove
Gen. Grigorenko added, however, that "with a feeling of of Gen. Grigorenko now, the 71-year-old human rights lea-
great pride and respect I would carry the status of being a der suggested that is the case because "they have become
citizen of a smaller, but independent and free, country — disappointed because I am saying something which they do
my fatherland, Ukraine. not want to hear."
He said that today the people of Ukraine are slaves of a " I am not now a Communist, though I subscribed to that
government which "does with the people what it wants." teaching all my life," said Gen. Grigorenko. "From the
Gen. Grigorenko said that the government can "force the 'classics' of communism one can learn how to suffocate a
people to do thoughtless and worthless work, it can resettle nation and demagoguery which can only impress politically
them from one region to another, it can send them to con- immature people."
quer foreign territories and people..." He said that if Western Communists want to build a Petro Vins
Gen. Grigorenko cited the efforts of Yuri Orlov and My kola different form of communism, then they should not begin and friends were barred from the
Rudenko in forming the Helsinki monitoring movement in by overthrowing governments in democratic countries, but courtroom and on the final day of the
the Soviet Union. Orlov was the founder of the first group in totalitarian Communist states. trial the secret police detained 10 per-
in Moscow and Rudenko formed a group in Ukraine. Both "Personally, I do not believe in such a possibility," he sons. He was sentenced in Kiev on
of them are currently imprisoned. said. April 6.
The effect of the groups was felt across the Soviet Union, Gen. Grigorenko ciritized "Kontynent" for not having an Soon after his imprisonment, his
said Gen. Grigorenko. Soon after the Moscow and Ukraini- editorial policy on the nationalities question and for not dis- mother told the Rev. O.R. Harbuziuk,
an groups were formed, similar bodies were founded in proving lies about alleged Ukrainian anti-Semitism. president of the All-Ukrainian Evangi-
Lithuania, Georgia and Armenia, he said. The Moldavians, He said that while certain Jewish organizations, aided by cal Baptist Fellowship, that the Soviet
he added, made contact with the Ukrainian group. the KGB, are searching for Nazi war criminals, "the ruckus government intends to "destroy" the
"Repression in Ukraine is increasing, but it cannot halt Vins family.
the opposition," he said. (Continued on page 12)
Mrs. Vins, who was allowed inside
the courtroom only at the conclusion
of the trial, told the Rev. Harbuziuk
Three members of Western Helsinki group that her son was ably defended, but the
verdict was a foregone decision.
She said that two witnesses who were
seek aid for Serhiyenko, Meshko to testify on behalf of her son were
arrested and detained for the duration
NEW YORK, N.Y. - The Western The full text of the appeal follows. camps and fear for the life of her son of the trial. One of the witnesses, Luba
Representation of the Ukrainian Hel- The Western Representation of the from whom she has been separated for Mozhenko, was in custody for 12 days.
sinki Group, in an appeal titled Ukrainian Helsinki Group has received seven years, is now subjected to new Prior to his first arrest in December
"Crime after Crime,'' has called for verified information that Oles Serhi- suffering. 1977, Vins was a truck driver for a
protests against the continuing perse- yenko has been exiled to the Far East, bakery. After his release from deten-
cution of Ukrainian political prisoner to a region into which free entry is for- The lives of Oles Serhiyenko and his tion then, Vins was not able to find
Oleksander Serhiyenko, and his mo- bidden. His mother, Oksana Meshko, mother, Oksana Meshko, are subjected employment and was accused of para-
ther, Oksana Meshko, a member of the has not been given a pass to visit him. to great threats, and this is not through sitism.
Kiev Group to Promote the Implemen- Oles Serhiyenko is suffering from court sentencing, but through the high- The son of the imprisoned Baptist
tation of the Helsinki Accords. tuberculosis. The conditions in exile handedness of the authorities. leader, Georgi Vins, the younger Vins
The appeal, released this week, was for a person debilitated by camp life The lawless retribution for Oksana had been a frequent target of KGB
signed by Gen. Petro Grigorenko, Na- are no better than those in camps. Meshko's activity in the Ukrainian scare tactics. The secret police also
dia Svitlychna and Zinaida Grigoren- Oksana Meshko, a 74-year-old woman Helsinki group continues. used many of Vins's former college
ko. exhausted by 10 years of Stalinist We call for a protest. friends to inform on him.

Let's not escape into silence

The following address was delivered by Edward Mez- Shall I continue with the gory details of man's in- explicit in the Universal Declaration of Human
vinsky, United States representative to the United humanity to man? Of how the ingenuity of man har- Rights?
Nations Commission on Human Rights, at the com- nesses modern technology for the most bestial pur- These illustrations of what is happening to human
mission's session on March 13. The session poses? Of dumping prisoners from high-flying air- beings at the very time when we are beginning to
dealt with the agenda item on "Gross Violations of planes into the sea as a new and clever way of burial? make human rights a central concern of our times is
Human Rights in Any Part of the World. " The Uni- Or how electrical instruments are used to amuse sad- profoundly saddening, paradoxical and intolerable.
ted Nations Commission on Human Rights meets istic torturers? Of how the techniques of surveillance Mr. Chairman, the Universal Declaration of Hu-
once each year in Geneva for six weeks. and invasion of privacy have been perfected? man Rights first emphasized that "every individual
and every organ of society, keeping this declaration
The great promise of our time is that the human In this survey of the overall human rights situation constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and edu-
being has emerged at last from the shadows of great in the world, there is one area that should command cation to promote respect for these rights and free-
causes and has become a great cause in his own right. our particular attention. It is the right of everyone to doms." And the Helsinki Final Act confirmed "the
We no longer accept that the individual is but an in- freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Free- right of the individual to know and act upon his
significant instrument in the grand design of things. dom of religion is a freedom that is widely denied in rights and duties" in the field of human rights and
We no longer believe that he is a mere tool of imper- the world today. There are countries today where also confirmed "that governments, institutions,
sonal forces, and we no longer view him as a means Muslims are denied the practice of their faith, where organizations and persons have a relevant and posi-
to an end. He no longer is an object of the kings' Jews are discriminated against, where Christians are tive role to play in contributing toward the achieve-
glory, the conquerors' spoil, or the coveted prize in a unable to worship freely. ment of these aims." Criticisms have been raised by
class struggle. In a similar sense, the right to organize and freely our Congress, our press, private citizens and by other
We cannot as yet congratulate ourselves for having associate is becoming an endangered right. It is parti- governments against alleged human rights abuses
transformed this promise of our time into a reality of cularly true with respect to trade unions. At the heart within the United States. Yes, Mr. Chairman, we
everyday living. But we should take pride that we of any healthy society lies a healthy trade union have acknowledged incidents of police brutality,
have begun. movement. History has demonstrated that when hu- overcrowded jails and denials in practice of equal
And begun we have. A third of a century ago we man rights are violated and tyrannies imposed, the opportunity because of race, age and sex. These criti-
pledged to banish the scourge of war and, with the first to resist and the first to suffer is the trade union cisms have not only been raised in public forums, but
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, we began movement. Let me be specific. In Soutl Africa we many have also become the subject of government
one of the most revolutionary and humane reapprai- are witnessing a stirring toward the development of investigations. They have been the focus of reports of
sals of political, social and moral principles of inter- black trade unionism. Will this commission let them our National Civil Rights Commission and they have
national affairs. down and permit apartheid and racism to choke this prompted enactment of a series of laws aimed at pro-
And what began as a declaration of intent 33 years nascent hope? Free trade unionism is also beginning tecting the civil rights of our people. Additionally,
ago is slowly evolving into a global compact of, set to claim a right to existence in Poland, Rumania and
a rules — covenants and conventions — that proscribe the Soviet Union. Will we support this right which is (Continued on page 11)

Petro Tarnawsky re-elected Connecticut man not satisfied

chairman of Philadelphia District with pope's answer to letter
PHILADELPHIA, Pa. - Petro The number of new members orga­ SEYMOUR, Conn. - A local Courier on March 15 that he cried
Tarnawsky, a long-time UNA activist, nized in the Philadelphia District con­ Ukrainian American is not satisfied when he heard the pope bless the
was re-elected chairman of the UNA stituted about one-seventh of the total with the answer he received to his letter Ukrainian people in Ukrainian on his
Philadelphia District Committee for number of persons who joined the from Pope John Paul II. coronation day.
the fifth time on March 18. UNA in 1978. Frank Stuban, Connecticut Ukraini­ " I prayed the pope would be able to
Mr. Tarnawsky opened the meeting, Mr. Tarnawsky specifically cited an community activist, told The Jour­ help our people, at least by the esta­
which was held in the District's head­ John Odezynsky for his organizing ef­ nal-Courier of New Haven that the blishment of a few churches in an area
quarters. He asked the participants to forts. Mr. Odezynsky, a UNA Su­ thrill of receiving a reply from the pope where at one time 130,000 people
pay tribute to some of the District's preme Advisor, organized 44 members was dimmed somewhat by the lack of prayed. The area, which has since been
outstanding deceased members, among last year. an answer to his question about the completely overrun and the beautiful
them Dr. Walter Gallan, the founder Mr. Tarnawsky also reported about fate of religion in the Lemko area of memory of our religion has almost dis­
and first chairman, and Thomas the Svoboda and The Ukrainian Weekly Ukraine. appeared from that region," he said.
Chromchak and Wasyl Panchyshyn. jubilee program, board meet.ngs and Mr. Stuban had sent a congratula­ Mr. Stuban said that he was
The meeting was conducted by a pre­ community affairs. tory letter to the pope in October 1978, happy to hear from the Pope and that
sidium which consisted of Stepan Also reporting were Vasyl Kolinko, in which he requested the pontiff to re­ he is "hopeful someday things will be
Hawrysz, chairman, and Wasyl Kolin- secretary; Ivan Dankiwsky, treasurer, store Ukrainian churches to the faith­ changed."
ko, secretary. Ivan Skoczylas, auditing committee. ful in the western-most territories of
Mr. Hawrysz, who is the UNA se­ Addressing the branch representa­ Ukraine.
nior field representative, introduced tives and convention delegates at the "In 1939 I entered the Ukrainian
several prominent UNA'ers and com­ meeting on behalf of the Supreme Ex­ Diocesan Seminary in PeremyshI and
munity leaders present, among them: ecutive Committee was the Rt. Rev. at that time over 130,000 Ukrainian College senior
the Rt. Rev. Protopresbyter Stephan Bilak. Also speaking was Mr. Haw­ Catholics were registered with 120 pa­
Bilak, UNA Supreme Auditor; Wasyl rysz, who outlined some of the UNA's rishes, 128 priests and 198 churches in
the Lemko region. After 35 years
to survey Svoboda,
Wasyliuk, secretary of UNA Branch plans for the near future.
375; Michael Kowalchyn, president of
the Society of Veterans of the Ukrain­
The Rt. Rev. Bilak and Messers.
Hawrysz and Tarnawsky then pre­
almost nothing exists in that area. I
wonder if Your Holiness could help to
The Weekly readers
ian Insurgent Army (UPA); Dr. Ivan sented a gold star to Theodore Duda restore a few churches so those Ukrai­
Skalczuk, former UNA Supreme Audi­ for organizing his 26th member this year, nians can pray again in their own lan­ JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Darka
tor; Y. Fylypovych, president of UNA and a certificate to Michael Chomyn guage," wrote Mr. Stuban. Bakalec, a senior at William Paterson
Branch 239; and new secretaries, Pet- for serving as secretary of UNA Branch Replying on behalf of Pope John College of New Jersey in Wayne, is
rusia Myr — Branch 479; Daria Tsia- 32 for 10 years. Paul, Monsignor L. Scaccia of the Sec­ conducting a survey of the readers of
parnova — Branch 347, Vasyl Yevtu- Joining Mr. Tarnawsky on the new retariat of State wrote: "His Holiness Svoboda and The Weekly.
shenko — Branch 422, and Wolody- District board are: Osyp Bakay, hono­ Pope John Paul II has received the The purpose of the survey is to deter­
myr Yatsev — Branch 32. rary chairman; S. Hawrysz, assistant kind message sent to him at the begin­ mine reader interest in the various
In his report, Mr. Tarnawsky said chairman and District activity coordi­ ning of his Pontificate. In expressing types of news and features published
that all 40 branches in the District con­ nator; the Very Rev. Michael Borysen- his gratitude for this devoted gesture, by the two newspapers.
tributed to the organizing campaign ko, Ivan Skira and Fedir Petryk, assis­ the Holy Father sends his greeting of The survey is part of Miss Bakalec's
last year. He said that 426 new mem­ tant chairmen; V. Kolinko, secretary; joy and peace. He also gives the assur­ senior research project in the field of
bers were organized during the 1918 I. Dankivsky, treasurer; Ivan Knyh- ance of his prayers and imparts his journalism and mass communications.
convention year for a total of apostolic blessing." Miss Bakalec is a resident of Passaic
SI ,031,500 of insurance in force. (Continued on page 11) Mr. Stuban told The Journal- and a member of UNA Branch 42.
л„ -

7979—Year of the Ukrainian Child—An analysis ш

Saving the Ukrainian child's soul

year; long-range plans and actions sense of national pride in our Ukrai­
by Roman A. Juzeniw ^ The Austrian government con­
tributed 250,000 Austrian schillings must follow." nian children that we wouldn't
Last Thursday, I was one of three (516,339) to the IYC budget. I told Dr. Aldaba-Lim that my ever have to worry about the Ukrai­
Ukrainians attending a dinner held ^ Nigeria had children's day acti­ own feeling on the child's problems nian culture and language dis­
in the United Nations headquarters is that t o d a y ' s parents have appearing. і
vities for a full week and televised a
building. The dinner was sponsored series on child health, social different valves than their predeces­ My thoughts reverted to what Dr. ш
by the Non-Governmental Organi- development and the legal status of sors. Whereas, 50, 30 even 20 years Aldaba-Lim was saying: "I've visit­
zation/Internation Year of the children. ago the Protestant work ethic was ed many countries, and I see that the
Child Committee, which works The committee has also printed prevalent (where parents worked socialist countries — I was in Bul­
under the aegis of UNICEF. up thousands of books and pam­ hard so that their children could garia just recently - have the best
The other Ukrainians present phlets dealing with children. Many have a better life and better opport­ programs for children," I stopped
were: Olena Prociuk (World Feder­ more thousands of posters were also unities), today we've gone in the writing and just listened. "They
ation of Ukrainian Women's printed, and today they are up on opposite direction with self-con­ have after-school programs for chil­
Organizations) representative to the walls in most parts of the world, fo­ sciousness (the " m e " generations), dren, where they take care of them
International Year of the Child cusing attention on the Year of the and parents think first of their own and teach them ballet, music, etc.
Committee at the U.N.) and Child. interests. With such programs aiding them,
Ewstachia Hoydysh (chairman of so, there we were at this dinner, Dr. Aldaba-Lim agreed with this there's very little chance of them
the New York Committee of the surrounded by representatives of assessment, saying that "Changing becoming hoodlums."
Year of the Ukrainian Child). organizations whose annual budgets the attitudes of the parents is the I wanted to scream out: "But
The dinner was held as part of the are in the tens of thousands of dol­ problem. More parents have to re­ what of Russification? Aren't they
annual NGO/IYC conference. The lars, and whose main concerns are turn to being good parents." taking away their heritage? Their
NGO/IYC Committee has been to feed, clothe and teach the child "The problem is more serious in right to a nationality? Aren't these
working for several years already, and to liquidate child abuse. the Western, more affluent world," children brought up to be 'good
laying the groundwork for this Mrs. Hoydysh remarked to me, continued Dr. Aldaba-Lim, "where little Communists?' "
year's activities in commemoration "It seems as if we don't belong it is easy to provide the basic ser­ I was too disheartened to argue
of the Year of the Child. here." vices for children. The growing the point.
This committee also publishes a With Mrs. Prociuk's aid, we were numbers of abused children, the in­ We can't expect the world to help
newsletter, which reports on the able to land a personal interview crease in teenage preganancies and us when it comes to the Ukrainian
progress of the many national com­ with Dr. Estafania Aldaba-Lim, increased drug abuse are all very big child. Luckily, the Ukrainian family
mittees and non-governmental who is the special representative of problems in Western society. The unit is still strong and we are mor­
organizations trhoughout the world. the IYC. (She "runs the whole worst thing is that the Third World, ally strong because of that.
Some of the items printed in a recent show," so to speak.) in trying to emulate Western so­ Let the world talk of the child's
issue of the newsletter were: "The intention of the IYC," said ciety, might be doing so at the sacri­ physical needs. Certainly the starv­
^ Thirty-five films on the theme Dr. Aldaba-Lim, "is to arouse con­ fice of its own children.'' ing, illiterate and abused children of
of The Child in Our Time were sciousness about the cares and needs While I was writing all this down, the world need help.
screened at the Milan International of the child. So far we've been sing­ I was thinking of how much we In our plans and actions, we must
Film Festival in 1978. ing the joy of the child and having could do for the Ukrainian child if talk of the Ukrainian child's soul -
^ The country of Sri Lanka many talks and seminars on the only we had some support from the of saving his Ukrainian heritage.
opened 50 new children's libraries child, but the effects of the Year of world forum and some money to It seemed as if we didn't belong
and 50 new playgrounds. the Child will be seen only after this work with. We could instill such a there. ш

Museum holds annual meeting Irvington Ukrainian seeks

NEW YORK, N Y . - T h e Ukrainian the Ukrainian National Women's
Museum held its annual membership League of America, reported that the seat on Board of Education
meeting Sunday, March 8. Alexandra UNWLA's membership has supported
Riznyk, president of the board of trus­ The Ukrainian Museum by individual IRVINGTON, N.J. - Alex Pastu-
tees, greeted the assembled members memberships, branch memberships shenko of 118 Nesbitt Terrace is cam­
and asked the following to the presi­ and contributions totaling S27,000 in paigning for a seat on the Irvington
dium: Dora Rak, chairman, Rosalie 1978. Board of Education.
Polche and Olena Prociuk, secretaries. The following were elected to the Mr. Pastusehnko, 24, is the assistant
Mrs. Riznyk reported that The board of trustees: Dr. Bohdan Cymba- treasurer of the Trident Savings and
Ukrainian Museum, whose member­ listy, president; Dr, Rohozynsky, vice- Loan Association.
ship is currently over 300, has pub­ president; Lubov Drashevska, vice- A graduate of St. John the Baptist
lished its first museum bulletin, has a president; Mrs. Savchak, Ukrainian- Ukrainian Catholic School and Irving­
tax-exempt status and is gaining pop­ language secretary and publications; ton High School, Mr. Pastushenko re­
ularity and exposure in both the Ukrai­ Oksana Bajko, secretary; Nadia Popel, ceived his bachelor's degree from Rut­
nian and American communities be­ treasurer. gers University-Newark campus. He
cause of its prime location — New Mrs. Rozankowsky of the UNWLA, majored in accounting and business
York City, the center of cultural activi­ Mrs. Chytra-Rybak, Dr. Zofia management. Mr. Pastushenko also at­
ties. Sywak, Nadia Bihun, Natalia Dany- tended the professional school of busi­
The following reports were present­ lenko, Irena Petrenko-Fedyshyn, ness for real estate and is in the process
ed: financial, Konstantine Leshchuk; Zenon Feszczak, Lydia Hajduchok, of becoming a licensed real estate sales­
programs, Lubow Wolynetz; press and Ewstachia Hoydysh, Olha Kachmar- man.
publications, Maria Savchak; public sky, Motria Kushnir, Olha Kuzmo- The son of Taras and Tatiana Pas­
relations and development, Natalia wycz, Irene Russnak, Mrs. Stawnychy tushenko, Mr. Pastushenko is a mem­
Chytra-Rybak; fund-raising events, and Mrs. Wolynetz were elected to ber of Plast and the "Chornomorska
Olya Stawnychy; museum activities, the executive board. SUch" Sports Association. In 1971-
acquisitions and exhibits, Maria Shust, The auditing board is as follows: 1972 he received an athletic award Alex Pastushenko
director; auditing board, Dr. Klemens Mrs. Riznyk, chairman; Olha Hnatey- from his high school for his soccer and
Rohozynsky. ko, Jaroslaw Kurowyckyj, Myroslawa tennis playing. cation, life will be just a bit easier in
Iwanna Rozankowsky, president of Sawchak and Vera Shumeyko. He served on the Health Department the future."
Advisory Committee, Citizens Advi­ " I have hear about the problems
sory Committee on Narcotics, Bill that have been encountered at the high
Conway election campaign, Newark school. I would like to have these pro­
Ukrainian Sports Club, Ukrainian Na­ blems solved or minimized in a manner
The Ukrainian Museum... tional Home and the Walter J. Jon- which is appropriate in each individual
koski Civic Organization. situation. Teachers and students
(Continued from page 1) also said that The Ukrainian Museum Mr. Pastushenko told the Irving cannot succeed in their educational
would like to cooperate with other mu­ Herald that he is seeking a board seat goals by having to teach and learn in
for exhibits of contemporary art, a hall seums such as those in Bound Brook
for lectures, meetings, films and the because, " I would like to improve the fear. Everyone is entitled to an educa­
and Stamford and those of the Ukrai­ quality of education in the Irvington tion, and by having the educational
like and facilities for the various work­ nian Academy of Arts and Sciences
shops offered by the museum. school system by making the educa­ process interrupted, students cannot
(UVAN) and the Shevchenko Scientific tional process more pleasant and infor­ benefit from what is offered and in­
Dr. Cymbalisty said he believes that Society.
the expansion of The Ukrainian Mu­ mative. Students need more initiative structed," he said.
Mrs. Rybak added that the con­ and direction to succeed in today's so­ Elections in Irvington will be held
seum would be the most lasting contri­
tinued and increased support of the ciety. By improving the quality of edu- Tuesday, April 3.
bution — second only to the creation
Ukrainian community would help the
of a Ukrainian studies and research
center at Harvard University — that museum receive more funds from lo­
cal, state and federal sources.
the present generations of Ukrainians
in the United States could make. Dr. Cymbalisty summed up the
Syracuse hromada offers
Dr. Cymbalisty was accompanied by plans of The Ukrainian Museum, say­
several other members of the mu­ ing that the museum must be made at­
seum's board of trustees: Dr. Klemens tractive so that not only will it be consi­
two фЮО scholarships
Rohozynsky and Lubov Drashevsky, dered an honor to become a member, SYRACUSE, N.Y. - The Ukraini­ dent Organizations of America
vice-presidents; Maria Savchak, Ukrai­ but persons will be willing to contri­ an Student Hromada at Syracuse Uni­ (SUSTA). Recently, the hromada-
nian-language secretary and publica­ bute their personal collections and arti­ versity is sponsoring two S100 scholar­ sponsored mixed volleyball team con­
tions; and Natalia Chytra-Rybak, public facts to the museum. ships for Ukrainian students studying cluded its winter intramural season,
relations and development; and Dr. Zofia at Syracuse University during the defeating every opponent. The hromada
The Ukrainian Museum, 203 Second 1979-80 academic year. The scholar­
Sywak, English-language press. Ave., is currently holding an exhibit of was represented at student conferences
ships will be awarded on the basis of at Soyuzivka and Harvard University.
Dr. Rohozynsky pointed out that the Ukrainian Easter egg. The exhibit
activity in the Ukrainian community The student hromada encourages
personal contacts are extremely runs through May 13.
and financial need. Ukrainian high school students to at­
important in gaining new members for The museum will also present an ex­
the museum as well as in receiving hibit of pysanky at the Citicorp build­ The hromada has 20 members who tend Syracuse University and apply for
donations of valuable and rare arti 1 ing, Park Avenue between 52nd and study at the various schools and col­ the hromada-sponsored scholarships.
facts for the museum's collection. He 53rd streets, on April 9-15. leges of Syracuse University. The stu­ For further information and applica­
dents assemble regularly for both seri­ tions write to the president of the hro­
ous meetings and social get-togethers. mada by April 15. The address is:
This year the hromada held a very suc­ Andrij Serednycky, 4975 Surrey Lane,
Ukrainian MDs to hold cessful student dance at the Ukrainian Liverpool, N.Y. 13088.
National Home in Syracuse. During
conference in Bermuda the Christmas season students from
Syracuse University went caroling with
NEW YORK, N.Y. - The annual new developments in surgery. Atten­ students from neighboring LeMoyne
scientific conference of the Ukrainian dance at the conference guarantees 32
first-category credits from the AM A.
College. Proceeds from these activities The Very Rev. Izyk
Medical Association of North Ameri­ have been designated for the scholar­
can (UMANA) will be held at the This is the first time that the confer­ ships and other Ukrainian funds. elected president of
Castle Harbor Hotel in Bermuda, May ence is being held outside the United For many years, Ukrainian language
5-12. States. Is it also the first time that non- courses have been offered each Ethnic Press Club
The principal focus of this year's Ukrainian doctors have registered for semester at Syracuse University with­
conference will be the advanced cardio- the UMANA conference and the first out any special assistance from the lo­ WINNIPEG, Man. - The Very
pulmonary resuscitation course. For time that the advanced cardio-pul- cal Ukrainian community. These Rev. Mitrat Semen Izyk was elected
the past eight years this course has been monary resuscitation course is being courses are taught by Prof. Jackiw president of the Ethnic Press Club at
required for all doctors by the Ameri­ given at the Castle Harbor Hotel. Hursky, chairman of the Slavic depart­ the annual elections meeting of the
can Medical Association and various Some 60 doctors have registered for ment and faculty advisor to the Manitoba Press Club held here recent­
state health departments. the conference. Among the honored h r o m a d a . Elementary Ukrainian ly.
The head of the course will be Dr. guests at the conference will be Ameri­ 101,201 and 102,202 are offered during The Very Rev. Izyk is the long-time
M. Jablonsky on behalf of the Ameri­ can consul P. Ryan and his wife, June alternate semesters. In addition, Prof. editor of the Ukrainian Catholic week­
can Heart Association. Dr. Jablonsky Sagan-Ryan. Hursky is teaching a course in interme­ ly newspaper, "Postup" (Progress).
is a noted cardiologist and head of the The New York-New Jersey metro­ diate Ukrainian which was organized Other Ukrainians elected to serve on
department of internal medicine at politan branch of the UMANA will be due to popular demand from the stu­ the executive board are: the Very Rev.
Hackensack Hospital. the host of this year's conference. dent hromada. Dr. S.W. Sawchuk, Mychajio Hika-
The director of the course is Dr. For further information contact the Ukrainian students from the hro­ wyj, Stefania Bubniuk, Natalia Ba-
Mark Olesnicky of Irvington, N. J. Ukrainian Medical Association of mada participate in various extracurri­ shuk.
Ckher topics to be covered during the North America, 2 E. 79th St., New cular activities, as well as in conven­ Nine representatives of other ethnic
conference will be heart disease and York, N.Y. tions of the Federation Ukrainian Stu­ newspapers were also elected.


THE I CB0B0AA^ S V 0 B 0 D A I I

Ukroinion Weekly Income taxes and insurance

It has often been stated that, in view of the present national high tax policy, the
only way an individual can accumulate and leave a sizable estate is by carrying
adequate life insurance.
Life insurance proceeds received upon the death of the insured, under
Repressions continue endowment contracts, term contracts and accident and health insurance contracts,
are generally tax-free. The gain on the policy (the difference between what the
insured paid in, less dividends, and the total proceeds received) can be quite
When it comes to cracking down against persons deemed undesirable in substantial depending on how long premiums were being paid before death
the Soviet Union, the Kremlin does not pull any punches. With blatant occurred. Inasmuch as this gain will go untaxed, the saving to the beneficiaries can
highhandedness, the Soviet authorities would just as easily arrest a Helsinki be considerable.
monitor, contribute to the death of a human rights activist, beat up a young Such lump-sum benefits payable on the death of an insured are tax-free even if
Baptist, or reimprison a religious leader without a trial, as they would cign the beneficiary elects to receive installment payments spread over the life of the
an international human rights treaty. beneficiary. Part of such monthly or yearly installments, attributable to the pro-
rata return of the lump-sum benefit, is not reportable as income. In addition, if the
In March we learned that Mykhailo Melnyk, a Ukrainian rights advocate, beneficiary is the spouse of the deceased, then the first SI,000 of the interest received
died under mysterious circumstances after a KGB search of his premises; we annually as part of the monthly or annual installment is also tax-free.
learned that the Soviet government was preparing a new case against Oles Another tax advantage of insurance is that dividends paid by an insurance
company, whether received in cash or accumulated by the insurance company, are
Berdnyk and that he was finally arrested; we learned that Georgi Vins was
not taxable income. At most, such dividends are treated as a reduction of the cost
reimprisoned without a court sentence; and that his 23-year-old son, Petro, basis of your policy. Insurance may also provide a tax-free accumulation of cash.
was twice beaten up by KGB thugs in a manner reminiscent of organized During the time that you pay premiums, the value of your insurance policy
crime. increases at compound interest rates. This increase is not subject to income taxes.
The Ukrainian National Association has a line of policies conducive to building a
All told, it wasn't a very good month for Ukrainian patriots behind the large estate. Our P-20 policy requires payment of premiums for 20 years and the
Iron Curtain. Despite the Helsinki Accords, international treaties, protests amount of the policy is paid on death of the insured at any time after the first
by U.S. government representatives and the face-lifting propaganda for the premium is paid.
1980 Olympics, the Kremlin does not intend to please anyone but itself and Our P-65 policy requires payment of premiums to age 65. The amount of the
will surely continue on its hell-bent course of destroying Ukrainians and policy is paid on death of the insured before or after he reaches the age of 65 (after
the first premium is received).
other non-Russians.
The most reasonable policy that the Ukrainian National Association has for the
purpose of increasing your estate is our DP-65 policy. This policy calls for payment
As members of the Ukrainian opposition both in the West and in Ukraine of premiums during the insured's entire life and the payment of the death benefit for
say, the repressions will not stop the fight or impede its growth. That kind the entire amount of the policy if death occurs before age 65. If death occurs after
of perseverance and dedication is a tribute to Ukrainians in Ukraine. Can age 65, then 50 percent of the insured amount is paid to the beneficiaries.
the same be said about us in the West? Let us now compare the cost of these three different policies, assuming that you
are 30 years old and that you are purchasing a S20,000 policy:

Annual cost of P-20 policy S571.40

Guilty! Annual cost of P-65 policy
Annual cost of DP-65 policy
We're all guilty. Guilty of not correcting misinformation in the American
The DP-65 policy offers the most insurance for the least amount of money, es-
media about Ukraine and the Soviet Union. We always assume that some-
pecially during the insured's younger years when the insured is earning less but is
one else will call or write to complain about the inaccurate information most in need of insurance protection for a growing family.
supplied to billions of people by the press, television or radio. Look no further. The Ukrainian National Association offers the lowest
premiums obtainable anywhere for comparable insurance policies. In addition to
And we never learn. Each time we hear the Soviets referred to as Rus-
our large dividends paid annually, the above-listed insurance policies quickly
sians, the Soviet Union described as one nation, or Ukrainian culture identi- accumulate cash surrender reserves on which you can borrow at 4 percent or which
fied as Russian (precisely what the Soviets would have the world believe, for you can cash in whenever you are in need of funds.
according to the recently adopted Constitution of the USSR, " a new histo- As a member of the Ukrainian National Association you will not just be a policy
rical community of people has been formed — the Soviet people") we react holder, you will be part owner of the organization which is composed of 87,000
exactly the same way — by doing nothing about it. You see, we have grown members and has S43 million in assets. You can enjoy vacations in a Ukrainian
lazy.''Someone else will do it," we reassure ourselves...again. atmosphere (at a discount) at our all-year-round resort, Soyuzivka, in Kerhonkson,
N.Y. You will also receive our daily newspaper, Svoboda, which is printed in the
It's time we faced reality and realized that no one will speak out for us. Ukrainian language, and The Ukrainian Weekly, which is printed in the English
It's time we resolved not to let such inaccuracies slip by uncorrected. language. Keep in touch with Ukrainian affairs. Be proud with us of our 85 years of
service and accomplishments on behalf of our Ukrainian communities. You, as a
We need more responses to misinformation such as the letters of Algirdas member of the Ukrainian National Association, have an equal right to participate
Landsbergis, a Lithuanian professor of history, to The New York Times. in branch meetings, to vote on all matters concerning branch activities and to
Informed, rational and unemotional rebuttal is the key to success in correct- represent your branch as a delegate at our conventions and to hold office in your
ing media inaccuracies. branch and in the Supreme Assembly, our governing body composed of 26 elected
If only we all would resolve not to keep silent — but to act. officials. These are privileges that are not available in commercial life insurance
Become one of us! Join the Ukrainian National Association now!

Vital signs
So, some student organizations appear to have been revived. This is "Once more I stand../'
remarkable — considering their previous comatose state of existence.
In recent weeks The Ukrainian Weekly has been subjected to a virtual The following poem was written by Georgi Vins in Ukraine in May 1969. It appeared in the
deluge of information about the activities of several student clubs in the No. 4, 1978, edition of The Right to Believe, a newsletter published by Keston College.
United States. Within a three-week span, we received news from the
Hryhory Skovoroda Student Hromada at Rutgers University in New
Once more I stand at the familiar entrance,
Brunswick about the election of its new executive board and a report on
I breathe the fragrance of the fields of home,
recent hromada accomplishments; learned that the Ukrainian student club at
The hard road of the north lies in the distance,
Temple University was sponsoring the Temple University Ukrainian Forum;
were informed that the Ukrainian Student Organization of Michnowsky The convoy road to labor camps' bleak zones.
(TUSM) — which has been reasonably active all along — was planning to
My children who have grown up in my absence,
intensify its campaign in defense of Yuriy Shukhevych; obtained information
My darling wife, dear mother, I embrace;
about the Ukrainian Day recently held at New York University by its
My hair, turned grey in camp, bears a remembrance -
Ukrainian Students' Association; and were pleased to hear that the Ukrainian
The northern Russian snows have left their trace.
Student Hromada of Syracuse University was offering two SI00 scholarships
to Ukrainian students at their university.
And He who is the nearest and the dearest,
Dare we hope that we are witnessing a trend? Is there even a slim chance of The cornerstone on which our life is based,
other clubs and SUSTA itself showing some vital signs? We hope to get a Who gives new strength when faith is tried in conflict,
positive answer from them — soon! Looks down from heaven with a smiling face.

Russification of Ukraine
through linguistic assimilation The origin of "April Fool"
by Roman J. Lysniak
The following is the text of a term paper written by Anna M. Wojtowyczfor an
international relations course at the Illinois State University.
'April! April! April! Send a fool wherever you will!'' is the
(1) common saying in Switzerland, Austria, Germany and the
The Russian language is an extensively employed tool in the attempted integra- Netherlands.
tion and assimilation of non-Russian nations and their lands into an expandec In Sweden there is a custom of giving nicknames, the so-
Russian state. Ukraine, with its 45 million inhabitants is a main target of linguistic called April names, on the first of April. In parts of England
Russification. The reduction or total exclusion of the Ukrainian language from there is a custom of ''hunting the gowk," and in Denmark it
literary, scientific, and other scholarly publications is one way in which this pro- is "showing him into April." In the Flemish area of Belgium
cess is implemented. It is furthered by making educational, social, and profes- April jokes consist chiefly in sending people on ''fools'
sional advancement contingent on fluency in Russian. In addition, as a conse- errands," and therefore they call it "sending day." Sending
quence of common historic origins and linguistic similarity to Russian, the Ukrai- people on "fools' errands" is also part of April First custom
nian languate (along with that of neighboring Byelorussia) is subject to a process in Ukraine.
of "zblyzhania" or convergence with the Russian language. The London street boy who succeeds in inducing somebody to try to pick up a
For a better understanding of present policy, one must look at the past rela- hot penny, a hat with a brick under it, or some object with a string tied to it, calls
tionship of Ukraine and Russia. Ukraine's geographic position, along with its out "April fool."
abundant natural resources, has left it vulnerable to repeated invasion and devas- In northern England, however, a custom there has given rise to the saying
tation over the centuries. The plundering of the original Ukrainian state, Kievan quoted above, "hunt the gowk." Someone is induced to carry a letter to a certain
Rus, by Asiatic hordes crossing over to Europe in the Middle Ages, coupled with address. There is nothing in the letter except, "On the first day of April hunt the
inheritance disputes among Kievan princes led to instability and subsequent frag- gowk another mile." The receiver of the letter then sends the bearer to another
mentation of the Kievan kingdom. 1 Kievan Ukraine, once a mighty empire, strug- address, and this is kept up until at last "the gowk" discovers that he is being
gled against growing threats from Muscovy (early Russia) to the north and Po- made an April fool, or rather an April gowk, in this instance.
land to the west. Even so, it did retain some political unity. According to Similar facetious errands are given to children in Belgium on April first. To
Clarence A. Manning, associate professor of Slavic languages at Columbia Uni- complete the joke the fool is marked by pasting a paper figure or a placard on his
versity, "From the time of the organization and the Christianization of the Kie- back before he starts out, or he is surreptitiously given a black daub on the face.
van state at the end of the 10th century to the 18th century, Ukraine, whe- Naturally April fool customs have been transported to the United States and
ther independent, or subject to Poland-Lithuania, or to the Russian tsars, had re- continued by the descendants of people who had practiced them for generations
mained as a political unit, even though divided.' 52 in Europe. Universal as the custom is, hbwever, its origin is somewhat proble-
It was not until after the annihilation of the Zapaorzhian Sich (headquarters of matical. Some writers are inclined to think that the day is derived from the an-
the Ukrainian Kozaks) in 1775 by Catherine II, and the 1783 abolishment of all cient Roman Feast of Fools, which dame in the time of the Quirinalia. Others
Ukrainian political institutions and privileges that Ukraine came under think that the unstableness of April weather, which makes the month one that
the complete control of the tsars. It was at this time that Ukrainian lands were fools us all a good part of the time, is supposed to be reflected in the human jokes
divided into "gubernias," the administrative divisions of-the Russian Empire. and tricks of the first day.
And together with Russian rule, came the attempt to destroy all traces of Ukraini- It is more probable, however, that this custom, which seems as ancient as it is
an national and cultural integrity. Ukraine's name was even banned with the-term widespread, was brought from India by the Aryans in their westward migrations.
"Little Russia" replacing it.3 The culmination of the tsarist Russification policy, In India, since gray antiquity, the last days of the Holi festival, which correspond
however, occurred during the reign of Tsar Alexander II with the Ems Ukase of to the end of March with us, are celebrated by tricks and jokes of all kinds,
1876 which proscribed the use of the "Little Russian dialect" (the Ukrainian lan- whereupon the ones who are taken in are called "Holi fools." The Holi festival is
guage) in the press, schools, theaters, and public lectures.4 the great festival, or carnival of the Hindus, held annually in honor of Krishna.
Despite many attempts to regain cultural, literary, and political autonomy Among other things, friends and strangers are then squirted with a yellow liquid,
under the Tsar, it was not until the Revolution of 1905 that Russia's most oppres- or pelted with red powder, similar to the Italians throwing confetti at the mid-
sive laws concerning Ukraine were abated. Between 1905 and 1914, Ukrainian Lent carnivals. There is, too, at the Holi festival a good deal of singing and dan-
culture and language flourished. Although the imposition of new limitations per- cing, most of which we would perhaps consider improper.
vaded during World War I, the collapse of the Tsarist Empire marked the emer-
gence of Ukraine as a sovereign nation-state embodied in the Ukrainian National
Ukrainian independence, however, was brief. Falling under both internal and
A pair of eyes frosts
external pressures, the fledgling Ukrainian state once again came under Russian
control. Nevertheless, the existence of the Ukrainian nation could not be denied Who'll walk me down to church not given the respect it so richly de-
When I'm sixty years of age, serves.
by the new Bolshevik regime. Reluctantly, the Bolsheviks accepted the formation When the ragged dog they gave me
of a Communist "federal" union as a means of keeping the non-Russian nation- Has been 10 years in the grave?
What can be more hideous than
alities (of the former Russian Empire) within the sphere of Russian influence. And senorita plays guitar hiding their ripened spirits behind
Thus, rather than establishing an all-enconmpassing Russian Soviet state, the But plays it just for you, indifference and the pre-tombs so
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established in 1922, with the Ukrainian My rosary has broken dubiously labeled nursing homes?! Just
And the beads have all run through. as the Ukrainian language is becoming
Soviet Socialist Republic as an integral member of the union. 6
from "Sixty Years On" by "a hieroglyphic," as Roman A. Juzeniw
The early years of Soviet rule marked an increased allowance of nonpolitical
Elton John and Bernie Taupin so correctly put it, so too, our Ukrainian
national development in the non-Russian Soviet republics. A relaxation of lin-
guistic regulations of the new Communist government led to a massive increase in senior citizens are continuously being
the use of Ukrainian and other non-Russian languages in education and publi- by Orest P. Kopanycia turned into mere ornaments —purpose-
shing. Soviet authorities were not concerned with linguistic pluralism; they only less pieces of ceramic brought out every
required that content be socialist in nature. According to Roman Szporluk, asso- They tend to get up at ungodly hours. M o t h e r ' s Day or F a t h e r ' s Day to
ciate professor of history at the University of Michigan, "The liberal linguistic Usually around 5 a.m. They are the first uphold the image that someone still
policies rested on the premise that the Party would serve as the leading and integ- ones in church on Sunday, regardless of cares.
rating political force, and that the class interests and solidarity of the proletariat how far away they live or how hard it is However, unlike many present-day
would prevail over and counteract any centrefugal tendencies that might arise to get those creeky bones started. They Ukrainian causes, this one still has some
from cultural differences among the peoples of the USSR." 7 are the last ones to leave church, hope, as long as we, the children, the
Joseph Stalin, however, became increasingly fearful of the growing national disregarding the mad rush for the back adolescents, and, yes, even all of you
consciousness in various republics. In particular, an insistent movement for exits, instead, offering a faithfully middle-agers, devote all of our well-
remembered prayer to some less-re- conserved energies to easing the plight
(Continued on page 10) membered saint. No one notices them of those without whom our cherished
kneeling there, backs straining to be traditions, feelings and hopes could not
Tight Russian control of Ukraine and the Russification of information concerning the Ukrainian- straight, faces covered with penitent have existed.
Russian relationship has left the majority of the world with only the official Moscow version of the hands. To look would mean to have a Perhaps some of us need to be re-
history of "Eastern Slavdom." According to Natalia Polonska-Vasylenko, a doctor of historical conscience. But consciences went out minded that from day one older people
science: with prayer and with the days when the have had much to do with our lives.
The existence of a separate Ukrainian people was largely ignored in it, the glorious history of
Ukraine was appropriated in toto by Russia (earlier Muscovy) which used these borrowed plumes to older people of our Ukrainian commu- Wherein our parents gave many of us
justify its claim to the Kievan inheritance. Even the ancient name of Ukraine, Rus, was taken over by nities were, indeed, treated like people. our basic training, it was our grandpa-
Muscovy. In this version or conception of history of Eastern Europe, the history of Ukraine is allotted Why write about "old people" during rents who gave that training substance.
a merely episodic place and provincial significance. the International Year of the Child?On And how can one forget those days,
Quoted from the preface to "Two Conceptions of the History of Ukraine and Russia" (London:
The Association of Ukrainians in Great Britin, Limited, 1968), p. 7. For the history of Ukraine, see the surface, the two are contradictory. eons ago, when "baba" sat you on her
Michael Hrushevsky, "A History of Ukraine" (NQW Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1941.) One represents everything we deem knee and told you to memorize those
Clarence A. Manning, "Ukraine Under the Soviets" (New York: Bookman Associates, 1953), p. ancient, superannuated, no longer strange words, "Otche Nash...." Or how
17. useful. The other refers to the future, the "dido" took you out to his garden
Stephen C. Chorney, "From the Ems Ukase to the Twenty-Fifth Congress of the CPSU," "The
hope, the beneficial. Yet, in this writer's kingdom and cautioned you that the
Ukrainian Quarterly" 32 (Winter 1976): 349. opinion, the two are not only compa- onions must be planted no sooner or
Stephan M. Horak, "From Internationalism to Nationalism, or the Soviet Version of Valuev- tible but, more importantly, symbiotic! later than March 19, the Feast of St.
shchina," "The Ukrainian Quarterly 28 (Autumn 1972): 270.
It is, therefore, surprising that the Joseph. And how many tinseled Christ-
Clarence A. Manning, "Twentiety-Century Ukraine" (New York: Bookman Associates, 1951), significance of our Ukrainian senior mases did we attend with our sugar-
p. 83.
Roman Szporlux, "Nationalities and the Russian Problem in the U.S.S.R," "Journal of Interna-
citizens is frequently being undermined plum relatives just to eat "baba's" 12
tional Affairs" 27 (1973): 29. and, in fact, ignored, laughed at, and (Continued on page 12)

Ukrainian women meet Sen. Yuzyk advocates self-government

Prime Minister Trudeau for Canada's northern territories
NEW YORK, NY. - A gala benefit Musicanada, had received an invitation
concert at Carnegie Hall and an elegant from the consul general of Canada in OTTAWA, Ont. - In his speech,
reception, celebrating the 15th anniver- New York, Barry Steers. She also writes March 13, on the second reading of Bill
sary of the Symphonicum Europae feature articles for Music Magazine in C-28, "An Act to Amend the North-
Foundation on March 3 was attended Canada and has interviewed such artists west Territories Act," Sen. Paul
by Mrs. Christine Petrowska Bregent, as Ashkenazy, Barenboim and others. Yuzyk, Progressive Conservative of
the noted pianist, and her guest, Mrs. The concert program consisted of Manitoba, supported an increase of the
Mary Dushncyk, UNA Vice-President. symphonic selections by the Winnipeg elected council to make it more repre-
The aim of the unique Symphonicum Symphony Orchestra, under the direc- sentative of the native peoples, Inuits
Europae Foundation is to bring toget- tion of Piero Gamba, and several (Eskimos) and Indians, who will now
her hundreds of leadings musicians internationally known soloists as such form a majority.
throughout the entire world to promote Yehudi Menuhin, Ruggiero Ricci, He stated, however, that this act
international understanding and coop- Jorge Bolet, Maureen Forrest , Ro- does not go far enough and advocates
eration and to sponsor performances in berta Peters, Jose Greco and others, more powers for the council. In his
various countries. with Peter Ustinov as the master of opinion the territories should have two
Mrs. Bregent, who is music corres- ceremonies. The concert was nttended senators and two members of Parlia-
pondent at the Canadian Consulate for by. Canadian Prime Minister Pierre ment each.
Trudeau and Secretary of Energy James Sen. Yuzyk supports self-govern-
Schlesinger, who represented President ment and eventually provincial status
for the Yukon and the Northwest Ter-
Plast Command head Carter. The President and Mrs, Carter
were scheduled to attend but the Presi- ritories, which form 40 percent of the
dent was in the Middle East for the land area of Canada and possess tre- Sen. Paul Yuzyk
visits LA. branch peace talks at the time. mendous resources of mineral depo-
LOS ANGELES, Calif. - The Plast At the champagne reception at the sits, oil and gas, which are now being and mines will greatly increase the pop-
branch here was visited by the head of Center for Inter-American Relations on exploited. ulation of these territories. These
the National Plast Command, Ihor Park Avenue, limited to 400 invited The influx of whites from the south Canadians will undoubtedly demand
Sochan, during the weekend of March (Continued on page 12) to construct and operate the pipelines self-government, he said.
24-25. Mr. Sochan reviewed the acti-
vity of the Los Angeles branch and at-
tended its annual elections meeting. Chicago debutante ball
On Saturday, March 24, the Na-
tional Plast Command head met with
the branch's executive board ("star-
shyna") and council ("rada") to in-
spect and discuss the work of the
He attended a meeting with members
of Plastpryiat, (the parents of young
Plast members and supporters of the
youth organization) and answered
questions about Plast's educational
methods. Mr. Sochan also visited the
local School of Ukrainian Subjects
and met with Plast counselors of the
Los Angeles branch.
The following day, he was present at
the elections meeting of the branch, at
which Daria. Chaikovsky was elected
"stanychna" (head) of the branch,
Anna Mykytyn - "koshova," Zenon
Zachariasewycz — "koshovyi" and
Natalie Berezowsky — head of the
council. The annual debutante ball sponsored by the Chicago branches of engineers', doctors' and veterinarians' associations was
held January 27. This year's bail was hosted by the engineers' society, and all proceeds were earmarked for "Smoloskyp"
publishers. In the photo above are the 14 debutantes and their escorts:(left to right) Marta Marchuk and Andriy Kolomyiets,
New UNA'ers Bohdanna Bilynsky and Marko Mostovych, Daria Hirniak and Ihor Hrynevych, Kalyna Dudiak and Orest Korsunsky,
Daria Andrushko and Roman Kvit, Katia Kosyk and Yuriy Pavlyk, Adriana Kochman and Pavlo Hursky, Olia Slipkevych
and Nestor Horodysky, Natalia Mytsyk and Lev Mursky, Irene Tkachuk and Marian Demus, Anhelyna Pleskanka and
Oleksander Kuritsa, Irene Stadnyk and Marko Piletsky, Diana Popovych and Andriy Horodysky, Roma Hankevych and
Andriy Seniuta.

Ph/7/y Engineers' Boll

Nineteen girls made their debut this year at the Philadelphia Engineers' Ball held February 17 at the Sheraton Hotel. The
debutantes and their escorts in the photo above are; (left to right) Sophia Janusz and Alexander Hraur, Marta Kachay and
Taras Kozak, Natalia Hlyniansky and Stepan Tur, Mira Harmatiy and Petro Kopanycia, Maria Stefurak and Myron File-
vych, Halyna Horayetsky and Hryhoriy Mayik, Olga Odosiyand Roman Iwasiwka, Lidia Pyrih and Ihor Stelmach, Lidia
Halushka and Zenon Svitenko, Christine Baduliak and Yuriy Krywolap; Teresa Kopanycia and Taras Mykytyn, Mariana
Mykhayliuk and Marko Klos, Mary Reitarowski and Andriy Sobchak, Halya Petryk and Taras Trypupenko, Christine
Holovchak and Andriy Boyko, Nina Todoriw and Anton Meshel, Leah Petryk and Orest Luchanko, Irene Boychuk and
John and Katherine Moroz Smith are Roman Brodyn, Aleksandra Hanas and Roman Yarymovych. Standing in the center are: Roxolana Czorpita and Roman
the newest members of UNA Branch Knihnicky, masters of ceremonies; Christine Czorpita, committee member; Stepan Czorpita, president of the Philadelphia
172 in Whippany, N.J. Certificates branch of the Ukrainian Engineers' Society; Christine Senyk, debut coordinator; Lev Yatskevych, toastmaster; Vera
were purchased for them by their pa- Andreychyk, committee member. This year's ball marked the 30th anniversary of the Philadelphia branch of the Ukrainian
rents, George and Maria Irena Smith. Engineers'Society.

Panorama of Ukrainian culture in the Big Apple

by Helen Perozak Smindak

Music Bartered Bride," "Ariadne auf Naxos,"

Sculpture " R i g o l e t t o " and " W e r t h e r . " As in
ь Three works of Alexander Archi- ^ New York's music critics agree that previous years, Mr. Dobriansky will be
penko which are new to most viewers in no one can sing the role of Onegin in in the Met's national company during
the United States are now on display at Tchaikovsky's "Eugene Onegin" easier its annual swing around the country in
the Guggenheim Museum in the exhibi­ or with greater style than the Ukrainian April and May, then back to New York
tion "The Planar Dimension: Europe, baritone Yuri Mazurok. But they also to work on staging portions of two
1912-1932," which concentrates on point out that Mr. Mazurok plays the Ukrainian operas at the Garden State
open-form constuction — sculpture part coolly (so coolly that he seemed Arts. Center's Ukrainian Festival on
on planes in open space rather than on almost out of the drama, according to June 2.
mass or volume. Donated to a Tel Aviv New York Post critic Speight Jenkins). ^ Pianist Juliana Osinchuk, whom I
museum by a German collector, the The Daily News's Bill Zakariasen com­ ran into at a recent Ukrainian gathering,
pieces include "Head of a Woman" pared the Bolshoi Opera singer to told me she has just returned from a
(painted wood, sheet metal and found deadpan actor. Clint Eastwood. In cruise on the M.S. World Renaissance,
objects creating a sculpture which the person, Mr. Mazurok is every bit as which took a special charter group to
Guggenheim says "evokes the primitive handsome and elegant as he is on stage. St. Thomas, Barbados, Jamaica,
force of pre-Christian idols Archipenko Accosted by me at the Met stage en­ Mexico and Caracas. Although there
admired during his childhood in Kiev"), trance Saturday, March 25, following were many exciting things to see, such
"Woman with a Fan" (painted wood, the afternoon performance of "One- as the Mayan ruins, Miss Osinchuk was
canvas, with funnel and glass), and gin," Mr. Mazurok appeared shocked on board primarily to concertize. She
"Kneeling Woman" (painted wood and to hear himself addressed in Ukrainian. performed in chamber recitals with Jan
found objects). Among the several He paused only long enough to dash off Peerce and Eric Freedman. Questioned
Archipenko works in the display from an illegible signature on my program about last year's activities, she described
the Guggenheim's permanent collection Robert Hrynkiw and give a negative response to my successful concert tours last spring in
is his "Medrano II," a 50-inch-high request for an interview, then resumed Brussels, Amsterdam, Athens and Yu­
many one-man and group shows. Now his brisk exit in the company of a goslavia. Reviewer Rene Declerck of
figure pointed out by a museum spokes­ residing in Colebrook, Conn., he began
man as probably the only remaining dapper American (his manager, per­ Brussels was particularly appreciative
his current series of paintings while haps?) to a waiting limousine. Such a of Miss Osinchuk's artistry and wrote of
example of Archipenko's mixed media teaching advanced color theory at the
construction of 1913. In his review in contrast to the ebullient baritone Paul "her brilliant virtuosity, her confident
New York School of Interior Design Plishka (Prince Gremin on stage), who t e c h n i q u e , her sense of color and
The New York Times, Hilton Kramer from 1970 to 1972. In the evening, he
noted that "The Plannar Dimension" is had emerged from the backstage area equilibrium." Miss Osinchuk is pre­
will sit back to enjoy a performance by somewhat earlier and stopped to chat sently doing research for her doctoral
not an easy exhibition because it makes his brother, pianist Thomas Hrynkiw of
few concessions to popular taste and with me for a few minutes, or the degree at the Juilliard School of Music.
New York, who is giving a solo recital at Estonian conductor Naami Yarvi, who
rather large demands on a viewer's the museum for the benefit of the ^ Soprano Denise Marusevich Mag­
understanding. Art lovers and Archi­ took time to sign autographs and speak yar is scheduled to perform in a concert
Northeastern Pennsylvania Philhar­ individually to a long line of delighted of works by Bach celebrating the com­
penko fans will undoubtedly enjoy it. monic Society.
Through May 6 at the Guggenheim, Estonian Americans. poser's 294th birthday, on Sunday,
^ The Olha Sonevytsky Art Gallery
Fifth Avenue and 89th Street. Tuesday, at 98 Second Ave. has announced that it ^ Paul Plishka has been winning April 1, at 3 p.m., at the Ukrainian
11 a.m. - 8 p.m.; Wednesdays-Sundays has acquired new works by Halyna high praise from the critics for the inter­ Institute. With her will be her husband,
and holidays, 11 a.m. - 5 p.m. Closed Mazepa of Venezuela, A. Solohuba of pretation as Oroveso in Bellini's opera pianist Christopher Magyar, as well as
Mondays. Paris, M. Gamula of Canada and over " N o r m a . " Reviewing the premiere Robert J. Alcala, Andrew De Masi and
30 other Ukrainian artists. Gallery of " N o r m a , " the Times's Raymond Colette Harris, performing works for
Art hours: Friday, 5-7 p.m.; other days, 10 Ericson wrote on March 14:"...for a 'bel soprano, baroque oboe, viola gamba,
a.m. - 3 p.m. (closed Sundays and canto' opera, the only really'beautiful' harpsichord and clavichord. The so­
ь An exhibit of 57 works by 21 Mondays). singing came from Paul Plishka as p r a n o , d a u g h t e r of M r . and M r s .
Carpatho-Ukrainian artists was un­ ^ Landscapes and flowers figured Oroveso. The bass's voice is about as Stephen Marusevich of Long Island,
veiled Sunday, March 25, at the Ukrain­ prominently in a retrospective exhibit richly handsome as any around, and his and her husband presented a similar ho­
ian Institute of America, as part of the of 50 years' work by Ukrainian-born singing was wonderfully sonorous and mage last January 7 at Carnegie Recital
celebration marking the 40th anniver­ William Panchak, the oldest Ukrainian smooth." Earlier this season, Donal Hall, on that occasion in honor of
sary of the independence of Carpatho- artist in the United States, from March Henahan of the Times noted that Francis Poulenc and with different
Ukraine. The afternoon program, 18 to 25 at the Ukrainian Artists' Plishka filled the bill admirably as performers. While Mrs. Magyar is
which included the showing of the 1939 Association gallery. Mr. Panchak came Count Walter in Verdi's "Luisa Miller," devoting herself to developing her
documentary film "Tragedy of. Car- to the United States in 1911 as a which he termed "one of those Verdian singing career, her husband is preparing
patho-Ukraine," was arranged by the teenager and has been active in the art rumblers" that call for low-voiced males for the American National Chopin
Carpathian Research Center in coope­ world since then. He studied at the of real quality. During the 1978-79 Piano Competitions early next year.
ration with the Heritage Institute of the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh, the season, Mr. Plishka has also sung roles
Passaic Ruthenian Diocese of the Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia in "Aida," "Don Carlo" and "Parsifal." The academic whirl
Byzantine Rite, the. Carpathian Sich and the National Academy of Design in ^ Missed at the Met stage entrance,
Brotherhood and the Tysa Society. possibly because he left early after ^ The Eisner and Lubin auditorium
New York. Participating in American
Stepan Rosokha of Toronto, editor of and European shows, he has won performing in Act II of "Onegin" was of New York University's Loeb Student
"Vilne Slovo," introduced the film and numerous prizes, awards and favorable baritone Andrij Dobriansky. He has Center resounded with Ukrainian music
Julian Revay, former prime minister of critiques. His last European show was been performing this season in "The (Continued on page 13)
Carpatho-Ukraine and head of the held in the autumn of 1978 at the
Carpathian center, was on hand to Academie Internationale de Lutece in
answer viewers' questions. The film will Paris. Now 82, Mr. Panchak is an active
be shown again this weekend, on Satur­ member of the Ukrainian Artists' Asso­
day, March 31, at 4 p.m. Among the ciation and a frequent visitor at Uk­
artists represented in the paintings and rainian art exhibits in New York during
works in wood and metal, all from the fall and winter months. He spends
private collections, are Joseph Boksay, his summers in the mountains —
Adalbert Borecky, Ivan Shutiv, Gabriel painting.
Gluck, Ernest Kondratovich, Zoltan ^ Tying in with the Easter season, the
Sholtes, Fedir Manaylo, Vincent Ovsak Odessa Restaurant at 21 E. Seventh St.
and Michael Tulek. The exhibit con­ is spotlighting three paintings of py-
tinues through April 17. Tuesday- sanky by Taras Shumylowych of New
Friday, 2-6 p.m.; Saturday and Sunday York in its main dining room. The foot-
by appointment (BU 8-8660). high Easter eggs, together with some
^ Robert Hrynkiw, who specializes graphics and other oil paintings by Mr.
in abstract expressionist art, opens a Shumylowych, were put on display at
one-man show this weekend (Saturday, the beginning of March and will remain
March 31) at the Everhart Museum in until Easter Sunday (April 22). And
Scranton, Pa. An alumnus of Columbia drawing upon a design of another kind,
University and the Art Students League the owners of Odessa have invited
of New York, Mr. Hrynkiw received his fashion consultant Donna Kopcyo to
masters with honors in painting from present a showing of spring fashions in Members of the NYU Ukrainian Students' Association, (left to right) Lesia
Southern Connecticut State College in the restaurant on April 1, from 2 to 4 Machko, Irene Wolowodiuk and Maria Fedorciw, man an exhibit table during
1973 and has exhibited his work in p.m. (S3 minimum for food). Ukrainian Day at the university.

Andreenko exhibit held at Chicago's Ukrainian Institute of Art

The review below appeared in the the end of Ukrainian independence in touch with the widespread Russian mo- confident work came when he moved
March issue of The New Art Examiner. 1921, after only three years of exis- dern art movement, since his bio- away from Cubism, as in the 1950s. In
It was written by Joshua Kind. tence, and after centuries of previous graphy mentions "Cubist" works in that decade, he produced a large and
occupation by Poland and Russia, 1915-16, and Constructivist theater sets consistent body of post-Impressionist-
Art, like human brotherhood and there has been a gnawing sense along in Odessa and Prague. like landscapes; in their brusque paint
ethnic tradition, is a precious entity; all with the loss of political integrity, of Andreenko's prime idiom, with surface and abrupt drawing, and even
three have about them, with every the continued dimunition of the tradi- which he begins and to which he re- prevailing darkness, they resemble the
justification, a sense of the highest hu- tion of native culture: the present-day turns throughout his career, is a syn- paintings of Utrillo. It was not
man expectations — especially in our Soviet government suppresses both the thetic Cubist-like, flat-patterned Andreenko's first removal from
time when we fear more than ever our relgion and the language itself, and abstraction. Only momentarily, in the Cubism. No doubt like many artists
dehumanization, by whatever means. obviously also the larger cultural tradi- early 1920s, is there any hint of either during the 1930s he had painted mild
But they should not be confused. Just tion. Futurism or Constructivist dynamic Surrealist and table-top arrangements
as art cannot be willed into an ethnic But following from their historical and dematerialization. Throughout his with some little hint of fantasy. This
tradition, ethnicity, simply by its hu- disorder, it must be understood ;hat if long career, his abstract works appear figurative work apparently gave him
manity, ultimate and poignant, should Ukrainians suffer from the burdens of marked by dour color, an overriding greater access to a sense of emotional
not of necessity be expected to produce pervasive Slavic melancholy, there is feeling of the awkward, and surfaces commitment and release; and so in
art meaningful beyond its particular also a great frustration of pride. often ravaged and collaged — a la them, unlike his abstract images, there
ethnic closure. To do so — to assert Opposed to most Westerners' histori- Schwitters and not Braque; and to my is not that imposition of an ungainly
that the power of the ethnic affirma- cal sense, the generality "Russia" did eye, even a Paul Klee-like calligraphic and even self-deprecating vigor.
tion is itself enough to produce an art not exist first; rather Ukraine, centered marking at times. If Andreenko's work
of vital meaning to others outside that in the south around Kiev, the first an- may be said to exhibit a "gaucherie," Cubism at first, for the Slavic artist,
tradition, is, of course, to force the is- cient Slavic capital, was the source it is assignable either to ill control of may have appeared close to their ongo-
sue of the preciousness of any one tra- from which culture and language ex- pictorial means, or his ill-at-ease at his ing feeling for a personally expressive,
dition over another: that one tradition panded northward. Moscow was own ongoing attraction to an imme- and even primitive image; and during^
which is ours by the chance of fate, is founded centuries after Kiev. In other diacy of expression, emotional and its first decade, 1910-20, and on into the
ours. We should both enjoy it and words, succinctly put, "Mother Rus- even content-oriented, that had been next, Cubism was still a meaningful
wonder at it, but also realize, with hu- sia" is an untruth: the origins of Slavic subsumed by his Francophilic for- creative force. Like the well-known
mility, the smallness and absurdity of culture, ethnicity, in the area most malism. and even "ethnic emblem" Archi-
that singular human focus. Americans think of as Russia, is really The pervasive aura that I impute to penko (the Ukrainian Institute was at
Ukraine. Andreenko's career, can also be felt in one time to be called by his name),
The Ukrainian Institute of Modern Now all of this can be considered re- the quite similar career paths of the Andreenko both realized the strength
Art, on Chicago's Near-West Side, was levant since the Ukrainian Institute it- well-known artists who were also born of abstract art, yet also the way in
founded eight years ago primarily as a self, and then every exhibition present- in Eastern Europe. As Slavs, primi- which it cut them off from more poten-
showcase for artists of that ethnic ed there, despite whatever efforts tivism seemingly had a powerful appeal tially meaningful ethnic sources of in-
background who are working in ''con- would be made to offset the even for all of them. (The most self-con- spiration. But unlike Archipenko,
temporary' ' idioms. As the problem unconscious motivation, can be felt as sciously naive but aggressively crude Andreenko seems to have rebelled, via
appeared to its founders, a medical a nationalist and ethnic act. But the work in European modernism — his rough handling of the paint surface
doctor, Achille Chreptowsky, and an Ukrainian Institute — or any other reminiscent of Dubuffet's early post- and form, against his School of Paris,
economist, Wasyl Kacurovsky, ethnic ethnic-founded and ethnic-supported World War II drawing — was pro- his Francophilic decorative involve-
organizations abounded which were organization — simply by the presenta- duced before World War I by, ment — and given the evidence on view
dedicated to ethnic causes, but their tion of Ukrainian artists, should not be among others, Larionov and Gon- at the institute, not that happily. (Is it
level of visual-artistic sympathy did not accused of the confusion of the ethnic chorova, to say nothing of the early only among the Slavic artists who
extend to the point where non-representa- with art. However the issues and quali- Chagall.) This penchant was built into totally cut themselves off from overt
tional and abstracting works could be dis- ties underlying the " a r t " of the ethnic the temperament — it was a "Weltan- expression of naive, primitivising,
played with regularity, if at all. Since artist should be clearly and reasonably schauung." spiritual statement, to work with
the institute's move into enlarged and stated, and openly discussed — espe- Yet through the guise of Cubism, as impersonal, non-representational form
elegant facilities last year at 2320 cially so for the ethnic audience. Other- a French visual art phenomenon — and alone, that a consistent and productive
Chicago Ave., an exhibition policy has wise it is only human - all too human as well through the more confused and creative career was possible — the
been proposed that would expand the — that we impose all those most haunt- extended "Futurism" — they were all Suprematists, Constructivists Tatlin,
schedule to include the presentation of ing attractions of blood and lineage introduced to a formal modernist Pevsner, Malevich and also Kandin-
work by non-Ukrainians; and in fact, upon human creativity and wish to orientation which enthralled them: sky?)
even years ago, this question of quality make them synonymous. Archipenko, Tatlin, Malevich, Zad- Incidentally, the exhibition should
and/or rather ethnicity arose, both as kine, Lipchitz, and of course many be considered an adequate retrospec-
general principle, and as the task of The institute is currently exhibiting others. Perhaps it was the purism and tive in spite of the extraordinary fact
obtaining work by Ukrainian artists the work of the 85-year-old Mykhajlo spirituality inherent in "abstract art" that all of the work comes from the pri-
that would satisfy the exhibition stan- Andreenko. Before settling permanently that was meaningful, and as well its vate Chicago collection of Drs. Alex-
dards of all the members of the board in Paris in 1923, the artist, who was sense of liberation, especially so to the andra and Andrew Ilkiw who pur-
of directors, became more difficult. born into the Ukrainian upper class, Slavic mind, from the oppressive and chased them in Paris directly from the
There was also another problem, had been in law school in St. Peters- autocratic past. In any case, as with artist. This is indicated not only by the
unfortunately indigenous to many eth- burg, and had as well begun to attend Andreenko, it is as if their native (and number of works on display and their
nic groups — and of course the most an art school there. Andreenko may then let me say "ethnic") predilection inclusive time span, but also by the evi-
compelling aspect of an art amalga- have seen some of the many exhibitions for content and primitivising expression dence of the two Andreenko catalogs
mated with ethnicity. Ukrainians iden- of modern European art which were was overwhelmed, but not forgotten. available at the institute, both from
tify themselves wimxthe tragic and presented throughout Russia up to the For Andreenko, oddly and signifi- Europe and both clearly made under
oppressed history of that land. Since time of World War I, and even been in cantly enough, his most relaxed and the artist's guidance.

Russification of Ukraine...
on a policy of linguistic and cultural assimilation. The new program of the Com-
(Continued from page 7) munist Party of the Soviet Union, adopted on October 31, 1961, stated that "an
"de-Russification" was developing in Ukraine. Furthermore, Ukrainian Com- international culture common to all the Soviet nations is developing" as the foun-
munists were demanding the appointment of Ukrainians to top party and govern- dation of "the formation of the future single world-wide culture of Communist
ment positions in their republic, positions which were held almost exclusively by society," with the Russian language as "the common medium of interronrsp '"^
Russians. The calling for cultural orientation towards Europe and away from As a result of this program, on the 50th anniversary of the formation of the
Moscow by the Communist Ukrainian intelligentsia was interpreted as a grave Soviet Union, Leonid Ilich Brezhnev, the Secretary General of the Communist
threat to the integrity of the USSR.8 Party was moved to state that the nationalities question in the Soviet Union "has
Stalin, on his accession to full political power, aborted the national rennais- been resolved completely, resolved definitely, and irrevocably." 14 In reality, the
ances that were under way in the republics and substituted a policy of Sovietiza- nationalities question is far from being resolved. This is evident from the contin-
tion. Sovietization, transformation of non-Russians into one homogenous com- uing policy of assimilation and/or eradication of the non-Russian languages in
munity of Soviets, became clearly identified with Russian political and cultural the Soviet Union.
heritage.9 Sovietization (i.e. Russification) encountered strong opposition within (To be continued)
Ukraine and the other republics. Their resistance was suppressed by mass killings, 8
artificial famines, 10 and deportation. In fact, Stalin entirely deported eight of 9
the smaller nationalities to Kazakhstan, Siberia, and Central Asia on unfounded 10
A conservative estimate of Ukrainian losses in the famine of 1932-33 is lO^/o of the population,
charges of "treason to the Soviet Fatherland." 11 In Nikita Khrushchev's own or well over 3,000,000 according to William Henry Chamberlin in "The Ukraine: A Submerged Na-
words, "The Ukrainians avoided meeting this fate only because there were too tion" The MacMil The MacMillan Company, 1944), p. 61.
Bohdan R. Baciurkiw, "Soviet Nationalities Policy and Dissent in the Ukraine," "The World
many of them and there was no place to which to deport them. Otherwise, he, Sta- Today" 30 (May 1974): 217, citing "The Crimes of the Stalin Era." Special Report to the 20th
lin, would have deported them also." 12 Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union by Nikita S. Khrushchev. Annotated by Boris
Stalin's policy of Russification was continued under Khrushchev's administra- I. Nikolaevsky (New York: The New Leader, 1956) pp. 544-545
tion, although somewhat less severely. Soviet authorities have, in practice, aban- Ibid.
Peter G. Stercho, "Soviet Concept of National Self-Determination: Theory and Reality," "The
doned the use of ideology or class solidarity as means of achieving their goal of Ukrainian Quarterly" 29 (Summer 1973): 162.
integration ot the peoples ot the USSR into one unified nation, and instead carry 14
Bociurkiw, "Soviet Nationalities Policy and Disseni in the Ukraine," p. 214.

Recently imprisoned.., Deadline approaches for

(Continued from page 2) On September 5, 1977, the surveil­
lance was extended for another six
UNA bowling tourney
school officials for permission to work
months on the grounds that Ovsienko ROCHESTER, N.Y. - May 5 is the a social hospitality night for Saturday
as a teacher of Ukrainian language and
maintained contact with anti-Soviet deadline for entries in the 14th annual evening at the Ukrainian Civic Center,
literature. His request was denied on
elements while in prison, maintained UNA Bowling Tournament to be held 831 Joseph Ave., Rochester. Festivities
the grounds that there were no open­
contact with Matusevych and Maryno­ here Memorial Day weekend, May will commence about 7:30 after the
ings. On April 8, 1977, he sought inter­ vych, and convinced his niece, Liu-
vention from the Ministry of Educa­ 26-27, the tournament committee re­ day's bowling has been completed.
dmyla Riabukha, to deliberately give ported. There will be plenty of food, an open
tion of the Ukrainian SSR. false testimony. The singles and doubles competition bar and live music. Attendance is
In his letter to the Ministry of Edu­ On September 23, 1977, Ovsienko limited to all tournament bowlers and
will be held on Saturday, May 26, and
cation, Ovsienko said that he was aeain wrote to the prosecutor of the their spouses or guests, and a charge of
the team events on Sunday, May 27, at
warned by the KGB that he would not Ukrainian SSR about the unwillingness S2 per person is required.
Bowl-A-Roll Lanes, 1560 Jefferson
be able to find employment along his of local officials to allow him to teach Road, Rochester. For further information, contact
profession unless he changes his be­ in schools. The lanes are located approximately Frank Kubarich, 72 Mayville Drive,
liefs. Ovsienko was also questioned about five miles from the Sheraton-Gate­ Rochester, N.Y. 14617, or UNA
He requested the authorities to allow Heli Snehiriov, the Ukrainian political house Inn, 4831 W. Henrietta Road, branch secretaries.
him to work as a teacher in the Rado- prisoner who recently died in prison, where out-of-town guests and partici­
myshl region where he is confined and Lev Lukianenko. pants will be lodged. The motel is lo­
under the regulations of the mandatory On October 22, 1977, Ovsienko was cated just north of Exit 46 of the New
surveillance. If not, he then asked that
the surveillance be cancelled and that
warned that he will be arrested and
brought to trial if he continues his anti-
York State Thruway. Petro Tarnawsky...
For those participants arriving by
he be allowed to search for employ­ Soviet activity. At that time, Ovsienko plane into Rochester, free transporta­ (Continued from page 4)
ment elsewhere. Otherwise, wrote decided to apply for an exit visa but his tion will be furnished to and from the пуску, organizing chairman; George
Ovsienko, he will regard this as dis­ application was repeatedly turned airport by the Sheraton-Gatehouse Trypupenko and Andrew Kusnir, pro­
crimination against him on the grounds down. Inn. Upon arrival the number to call gram chairmen; the Rt. Rev. Bilak, Su­
of personal belief. for transportation is 334-9300. preme Auditor Dr. Bohdan Hnatiuk
Ovsienko also requested the prosecu­ The tournament awards banquet will and Mr. Odezynskyj, Supreme As­
tor general of the Ukrainian SSR to be held in the banquet room at the sembly representatives; and Dmytro
cancel the surveillance, but his petition
was turned down by the Zhytomyr pro­
Hnizdovsky's works Sheraton-Gatehouse Inn on Sunday
evening. Festivities will include a cock­
Fedoriychuk, V. Yevtushenko, Theo­
dore Sushchyk, Ivan Vasiurka, Marian
secutor's office.
On August 2, 1977, Ovsienko was displayed in Virginia tail hour, dinner, presentation of
awards, music for dancing and open
bar for the rest of the evening. This
Kozheniowsky, Ivan Babiak, Mykola
Lialiuk, Mykola Holinko, Yosyf Kho-
ma and Yaroslav Lebed, members.
questioned in connection with the cases
of Mykola Matusevych and Myroslav SWEET BRIAR, Va. - An exhibit year there will be a special memorial The auditing board consists of Mr.
Marynovych, two members of the of 60 limited edition woodcut prints by trophy and prize for the male bowler Skoczylas, chairman; and Petro Shcher-
Ukrainian Helsinki monitoring eronn Jacques Hnizdovsky will be held here who rolls the highest three-game handi­ ba, Michael Martynenko, Michael Glo-
He was questioned then by three at the Virginia Center for the Creative cap total during the team event com­ va and Yakym Kozil, members.
agents of the secret police who Arts during the first week of April. petition. The trophy will be awarded in The participants of the meeting gave
warned him that he would be held in The opening of the exhibit, at which memory of William Hussar, a pro­ Mr. Hawrysz 30 new applications for
contempt of court on the grounds that the public may meet the artist, is sche­ minent leader in the UNA and the local membership at the close of the meeting.
he deliberately gave false testimony, duled for 4 to 6 p.m. on Sunday, April Ukrainian community who passed The Rt. Rev. Bilak, who opened the
urged witnesses to give false testimony, 1. The gallery will also be open from 1 away on June 27, 1978. Tickets to the meeting with a special prayer, also
and revealed results of the pre-trial in­ to 5 p.m. Saturday and Sunday, April banquet are S16 per person. closed the session with a specially com­
vestigation. 7-8. The host committee has also planned posed benediction.

Let's not escape into silence

(Continued from page 3) renko, Anatoly Marchenko, Yuri Orlov, Anatoly cular duty to defend their activities and protest their
they will be the focal point of a major study by the Shcharansky, Vladimir Slepak, Aleksandr Pod- treatment, because they spoke out as a result of pro­
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe rabinek. mises to which we have all pledged ourselves. To do
— a legislative-executive commission to monitor From Ukraine: Levko Lukianenko, Myroslav otherwise makes a mockery of those words.
implementation of the Helsinki Accords. The study, Marynovych, Mykola Matusevych, Mykola Ruden- The existence of this very commission is a living
a summary of U.S. compliance with the accords, will ko, Oleksiy Tykhy and Petro Vins. proof of how far we have come and a constant re­
be a frank assessment of what the United States has These citizens, together with dozens more, formed minder of how much we have yet to accomplish. This
and has not been doing to implement the accords. public groups in Moscow, Ukraine, Lithuania, commission should no longer be considered as only a
The commission has already been able to encourage Georgia and Armenia in order to call the attention of side-show off the big stage of global diplomacy. Let
the U.S. government to do better in areas where it public opinion, their own government and other it not be scorned then as a comedy of good inten­
felt implementation was lacking. Final Act signatories to document violations of hu­ tions. Nor should our failures to take action, our
What recourse is available, however, to citizens in man rights. They compiled and issued open, omissions and our slow pace be used as a convenient
countries where national institutions are not designed thorough reports on official practices toward reli­ excuse to dismiss what we have already accomp­
to respond to citizens' complaints? When 11 Soviet gious believers, persons seeking to rejoin relatives lished, serve as a trap of despair over how little we
citizens first met in Moscow to form the initial Soviet abroad, persons confined in mental hospitals because are accomplishing, or be a gift to our detractors to
Helsinki monitoring group, they did so because they of their political beliefs, persons confined in prisons, predict that nothing will ever be accomplished.
believed the promises their government had made in prison camps or internal exile because of their efforts It is incumbent upon us to fulfill our mandate and,
Helsinki and Geneva. to express such beliefs or disseminate their views and therefore, we must do more than what we are doing.
As a result of their activities to promote observ­ information, and minority groups seeking cultural We are not here to denigrate each other, but to
ance of human rights, the Soviet government de­ and political rights in the Soviet Union. improve the human condition all over the world.
tained seven of the monitors for over a year without a There is no time to mention, Mr. Chairman, all Therefore, we must clearly set our goals.
trial or defense counsel and sentenced 22 group mem­ those, in many other countries, who have been perse­ In this Year of the Child we must concentrate our
bers to internal and external exile, labor camps and cuted and imprisoned because of their stand for the energies toward the elimination of abuses of chil­
prisons — many for as long as 15 years. human rights of their fellow citizens. Let me just dren. The imprisonment of pregnant women, the
If we take seriously the words we have spent so mention a few more names: separation of families and the use of relatives as tools
many hours composing, then we must speak out for In South Africa: Winnie Mandela, Byers Naude. of political vengeance. I call upon this commission to
those individuals who have treated those words so In Czecho-Slovakia: Jiri Lederer. hold open hearings on the reunification of families. I
seriously. We must speak openly of the 20 Soviet As Nobel laureate Andrei Sakharov eloquently re­ again make this plea as I did last year for open hear­
Helsinki monitors who have been arrested and con­ marked: "On the moral plane, there is a particular ings.
victed, and the two who have been exiled because gravity in the persecution of persons who have We should also investigate the fate of disappeared
they believed that international commitments should defended other victims of unjust treatment, who family members.
be respected. We cannot forget the names of the 22 have worked to publish and, in particular, to distri­ And it is not enough to lament, to express revul­
Soviet citizens who are now languishing in labor bute information regarding both the persecution and sion, to declare or to solemnly pledge. Through the
camps, prisons or forced exile because they dared to trials of persons with deviant opinions and the condi­ policies of our governments we must also give this
act in accordance with internationally promised basic tions in places of imprisonment.'' commission the wherewithal to transform moral
rights. On both the moral and legal plane, there is parti­ statements into moral acts.
From Soviet Armenia: Shagen Arutyunan, cular gravity in the fact that these persoi s are being If we pride ourselves to be the conscience of hu­
Ambartsum Khlgatyan, Robert Nazaryan. punished rather than protected in their pursuit of the man rights, let us say what is on our mind and in our
From Georgia: Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Grigory rights of freedom of expression promised in the Uni­ heart. If we are a forum of global debate on human
Goldshtein, Merab Kostava, Viktor Rtshiladze. versal Declaration of Human Rights, the Interna­ rights, let us not escape into silence. And if we are the
From the Lithuanian group: Viktoras Petkus and tional Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the hope of the persecuted, the imprisoned and the tor­
Tomas Venclova. Helsinki Final Act. tured, let us not let them down.
From Moscow: Aleksandr Ginzburg, Pyotr Grigo- The Commission on Human Rights has a parti­ (To be continued)

Tax tips A pair of eyes frosts

(Continued from page 7) World War I ? " " W h a t was it like
This column of questions and answerson Federal tax matters is provided by the courses and to see " d i d o ' s " heavily without cars, television and stereos?"
New Jersey District Office of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service and is published calloused hands bring the "didukh" into Did you ever go out with anyone other
as a public service to taxpayers. The column answers questions most frequently asked the house, his raspy voice and timeworn than 'baba? " "What were your grand­
by taxpayers. eyes again announcing "Khrystos Ro- parents like?" You might be surprised
zhdaietsia!" by the answers you get and how closely
Q. I incurred large medical bills in 1978, which I paid, but for which I will not Moreover, how many of us could they relate to our own lives.
recieve reimbursement from my health insurance policy until sometime in 1979. have survived not one but two world The coldness of being lonely is
Should I claim the deduction on my 1978 federal tax return or wait until 1979, wars, several revolutions, exile to a dreaded by everyone. Solitude tends to
after I get my reimbursement. foreign land and culture, name-calling fog normally clear souls. Do we dare
A. You should go ahead and claim the deduction on your 1978 return based on from Americans, and, now, mental and allow ourselves to watch another pair of
the actual expenses you incurred during 1978. Note that in computing the deduc­ physical abandonment? I feel sure that eyes frost? Do we dare let another misty
tion you will be limited to the amount by which the expenses exceed 3 percent of there are not many. Yet, with the same soul go unheard?
your adjusted gross income. Then, if and when you receive insurance reimburse­ insouciant complacency that we are
ment in 1979, you will include that as income on your 1979 tax return. now allowing our Ukrainianism to slip
If your 1979 reimbursement is less than the 1978 deduction, you will report in through our fingers, our leisure-suited,
income the full amount of reimbursement. neon characters now make it justifiable
If the reimbursement is greater than the deduction, you include in income only to have our parents put away, declared Read
an amount equal to the deduction. The only exception to this is where your senile; to have words spoken and be
employer pays part of the cost of the coverage. In that case (where the reimburse­ unheard, to have funerals unattended.
ment is greater than the deduction), you would also have to include in income the Our symbiosis with the elderly is the
portion of the excess which is attributable to the employer's share of the pre­ only viable solution. What our senior
The Ukrainian
miums. For example, if your employer pays half the cost of the coverage, then citizens need right now is an open heart
half of the excess reimbursement would be included in income along with the and a willing ear. Every gray hair and
amount equal to the deduction claimed the prior year. wrinkle has a story behind it. All of us
must make an effort to spend some time
Q. I am filing a joint return this year and itemizing my deductions Why do I with those we know have no one to care.
have to reduce my total itemized deductions by S3,200 on my federal tax return? Ukrainian schools should devote a day
All my deductions equal only S4,345, so if I substract S3,200 from this amount to visiting "old-age homes" and assist­
that leaves me with only SI, 145 in deductions. Is there a printing error on the ing the nurses in their tasks. Everyone
Schedule A? should make a point of asking our
T 1
A. There is no printing error, and you must subtract the S3,200 because the tax senior citizens questions. They love TYPEWRITERS
tables you will then use to compute your tax already have a S3,200 deduction built questions! "What was it like during
in. So, in effect, you are getting the full S4,345. The reason the tables have this
S3,200 deduction built in is for those who do not itemize. If you do not subtract UKRAINIAN, ENGLISH ft OTHER LANGUAGES. X
the S3,200 you will, in effect, be claiming S7,545 in deductions, an obvious error J. SACHS
which the IRS will correct, and for which you will be sent in additional tax bill. Ukrainian women... 5
119 W. 23rd St., New York City
(212) 243-8086 - Open Sat. till 5:30 p.m. X
(Continued from page 8)

guests, Mrs. Dushnyck and Mrs. Bre-

Social security notes gent had an opportunity to chat with
Mr. Trudeau. HELP WANTED
Q. Is my doctor's certification all that is needed for Medicare to pay for my
He is acquainted with the Bregent
care? I need an operation and want to be sure Medicare will pay for it.
family in Canada and remembered
A. Certain conditions must be met before Medicare can pay for care in a
them in his conversation with Mrs. EXPERIENCED
hospital or skilled nursing facility or from a home health agency. A doctor's certi­
Bregent. Mrs. Dushnyck spoke with the UKRAINIAN COOK
fication that you need the care is only one of the conditions which must be met.
Prime Minister about the Ukrainian wanted immediately in Ford Lauderdale
All of the conditions are listed in "Your Medicare Handbook," which is avail­
community in the United States and - f o r Eastern European and American
able at any social security office.
Canada and about Ukrainians in the cooking. Call
Q. I know the medical insurance part of Medicare helps pay for doctor's ser­ Canadian government such as Sen. Nicholas. (305) 564-4901
vices. What other kinds of medical care does it cover? Paul Yuzyk and others. Mrs. Bregent LL
A. Medicare medical insurance can also help pay for outpatient hospital ser­ and Mrs. Dushnyck also met with
vices, outpatient physical therapy and speech pathology services, amublance Donna Grescoe, second violinist with
transportation, independent laboratory services, prosthetic devices, durable the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra, REAL ESTATE
medical equipment, portable diagnostic X-ray services, medical supplies, and which includes other Ukrainian Cana­
home health care (whether or not you have been in a hospital). dians as well.
Grigorenko feels no need... With barn S 5 acres. Kerhonkson area.
With mountain view. 151,000.00.
life, I learn that I belong to a nation of anti-Semites/' he Will divide.
(Continued from page 3)
said. Call (914) 626-3677
they are causing conceals those who are even greater crimi­ Gen. Grigorenko said that this lie can easily be corrected
nals." by the numerous Jews from the Soviet Union who are wit­
'It is high time for Jewish organizations to turn their at­ nesses to the cooperation between Ukrainians and Jews. He
tention to exposing the crimes committed against the Jewish said that they remain silent probably because they feel that
people in the USSR and to removing the mask of 'defender the problem does not exist. FOR BEAUTIFUL HOUSES
of the Jews' from the KGB," said Gen. Grigorenko. He said that Mykhailo Khayfets, am imprisoned Jewish IN PRESTIGIOUS AREAS OF
He also denounced the allegations of the existence of dissident, wrote in the camps a poem about his Ukrainian
Ukrainian anti-Semitism. He said that such statements are COUNTIES CALL:
offensive and libelious. 'There is no fight against this lie and the KGB continues
to disseminate it in order to degrade the national dignity of MR. J. HALIY
" I am a Ukrainian, raised in a peasant Ukrainian family,
where we were taught to respect and help the Jews. In my the Ukrainian people and to interfere in Ukrainian Jewish
life I stood up in defense of the Jews against Moscow's anti- relations." said Gen. Grigorenko, adding that correcting GOTMHV
Semitism and prided myself with that. And now, in my older that lie should be the prime objective the "Kontynent." -Ь^ІІГГ^ЬК
155 S. Livingston Avenue
і JOIN THE UNA j Livingston, N.J. 07039
Tel.: (201) 994-1510




Ukrainian National Association

is presently located at
18 Leland Avenue ш Toronto, Ont., Canada M8Z 2X5
day month (416)231-4685
Пг^к^^^^^^^^-л^я^Я^з^^ж^^^к-і asssssgsssssjsxsacxsasssx^^

Miami Ukrainians hold exhibit, Mike Korcmicki to fight

join St. Patrick's Day observance Jerry Cooney at Felt Forum
by W.M. Danko contender of a few years ago. Mr.
MIAMI, Fla. - Ukrainian Ameri­ " L e t ' s hear it for U k r a i n e ! " , Koranicki has a record of 21 wins, 4
cans of Miami not only held their third "Dance!", and " I can't believe it - NEW YORK, N.Y. - Two up and losses and 2 draws in his 27 pro bouts.
annual Ukrainian Folk Art Exhibit everyone of them is smiling!" were coming young heavyweight boxers will Mr. Koranicki had three years of
Saturday and Sunday, March 17-18, heard in addition to continuous meet next week for a chance to move accounting studies at Youngstown
but helped the Irish celebrate St. Pat­ applause along the route. up the ladder for an eventual shot at State University and was on the school
rick's Day as well. the "pot of gold" that awaits any con­ golf team before turning his attention
Pysanky, woodcuts, embroidered tender for the heavyweight boxing to boxing. He started in the Golden
pillows, an inlaid wooden coffee-table, Panorama... championship. Gloves in the greater Pittsburgh area as
icons and paintings were included in (Continued from page 9) Mike Koranicki, 6-foot-4, 218 a middleweight and continued to the
the fine display of Ukrainian art spon­ pounds, Ukrainian American heavy­ light heavyweight and then heavy­
sored by the Ukrainian American and songs a few weeks ago as the
school's Ukrainian Students' Asso­ weight contender from Youngstown, weight as he grew, and then decided to
Organizations of Miami, at the Ukrai­ Ohio will meet undefeated (17-0) Irish try for the "brass ring" among the
nian American Club hall. ciation presented a one-day Ukrainian
festival aimed to show off the Ukrain­ American Jerry Cooney, 6-foot-6, 230 pros.
Dancers and singers, a duet of violin ian heritage. The festival included folk pounds from Huntington, N.Y. in the Tickets for the fight which includes six
and recorder, and two pianists per­ dances by students of St. George High 10-round main event at the Felt Forum other bouts starting at 7:30 p.m. on
formed onstage throughout both days. School, bandura music by members of on Friday April 6. April 6, sell for S15 ringside, S10 and
When the visitors - a large number of the Ukrainian Bandura Ensemble of Mr. Koranicki is managed by former S8, and can be obtained at the Madison
nationalities other :han Ukrainian — New York, a showing of historical champ Joe Frazier and works out daily Square Garden advance ticket booth at
were tired of browsing among the items costumes, foods, crafts, and special at his Cloverlay Gym on North Broad 33rd Street between Seventh and
for sale, there was plenty of good tables set up to display Easter, Christ­ Street in Philadelphia, Pa., under the Eighth avenues, or at the Felt Forum at
Ukrainian food to be had from the kit­ mas and wedding customs, all resplen­ expert tutelage of renowned trainer 33rd Street and Eight Avenue on the
chen. dent with the requisite korovai, babka, George Benton, a former middleweight night of the bout.
The Miami Herald carried a photo kolach, wheat and kutia. The event was
of Ukrainian dancers and a story on planned and arranged by Maria Fedor-
the exhibit.
Advertising Rates for The Ukrainian Weekly
ciw, president of the association, and
The Ukrainian Dancers of Miami her executive officers, Yurko Goy,
participated in the first annual St. Pat­ Marta Maczay and Marta Biskup, General advertising: 1 inch, single column S7.00
rick's Day Parade in downtown Miami assisted by Lesia Machko and emcee Fraternal and community advertising: 1 inch, single column S5.00
on Saturday, March 17. There were Orest Kyzyk. Backstage credits should
over 150 units in the huge parade, and go to Mrs. Daria Genza, dance teacher;
an estimated 50,000 spectators lined Nick. Czorny, administrator of the Full page(58 inches) S406.00
the way. Ukrainian School of Bandura; Mrs. Half page (29 inches) S203.00
Miamians who frequent the parades Maria Danysh and Mrs. Luba Arty- Quarter page (141/2 inches) S101.50
now recognize the dancers. This time myshyn of Soyuz Ukrayinok's Branch Eighth page (7 VA inches) S50.75
the Ukrainian costumes complemented 64; K. Szonk-Rusych, Slava Geiulak
the abundance of green. Shouts of and the Surma Book Co.
Photo reproduction: singlecolumn S6.75
usxxxxxxxssxxxsssxxa^^ doublecolumn S8.50
triple column S 10.00

Sponsored by: S.S. Peter S Paul Ukrainian Catholic Church
All advertisements are subject to approval.
Jersey City, N. J.
Please make checks payable to: Svoboda
I 1,450 Mail to: 30 Montgomery St.
Jersey City, N.J. 07302
Spiritual Director J
30 Bentley Av., Jersey City, N. J. 07304 8 PITTSBURGH and WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA 3

(201) 432-3122 8 x
District Committee of UNA Branches
of Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania
Travel Co-ordinator
Menlo Park Travel, Edison, N.J. 08817
(201) 549-6100
8 і announces that its

iv/7/ be held

JUNE 29th, 1979 to JULY 10th, 1979 g Sunday, April 8, 1979

DEPARTURE: at UNA Branch 161 Hall
J. F. Kennedy Airport, 600 Glenwood Avenue, AMBRIDGE, Pa.
Flight No. 178 at 3 p.m.
British Air Lines 7 4 7 All members of the district Committee, Convention Delegates,
RELIVE CHRIST'S PASSION, DEATH AND RESURRECTION Branch Delegates and Officers of the following Branches
are requested to attend without fail: X

1. Kneel at Christ's Manger in Bethlehem

2. Eat in Jesus' Home Town of Nazareth
3. See the waters of Jordan and bathe in the Sea of Galilee
4. Walk in the steps of Christ in the Way of the Cross leading 1.
24, 41, 53, 56, 63, 91, 96, 109, 113, 120, 126, 132, 161,

Minutes of preceding meeting.
from Pilate's Palace to Calvary
3. Election of presidium for annual meeting.
S 100.00 deposit required by April 10th, 1979. Balance due before May 18th. All must 4. Reports of District Committee Officers.
have pasports. 5. Discussion on reports.
6. Vote of confidence.
7. Election of District Committee Officers.
Enclosed is a check or Money Order in the amount of S 100.00 per
8. Adoption of District Program for 1979.
person made out to Menlo Park Travel, Menlo Park Mall, Edison, New 9. Address.
Jersey 0 8 8 1 7 , as a down payment. Please send brochures and other 10. Discussion and Resolutions.
pertinent literature to: її. Adjournment.
Signature: 12. Film on blessing of Lesia Ukrainka Monument at Soyuzivka.
Street Address: Meeting will be attended by:
City, State u Zip Code: A. JULA, UNA Supreme Advisor
Home Phone: S. HAWRYSZ, Senior Field Organizer
(indicate time when you Dmytro Holowatyj Andrew Jula,
can be reached) -
Secretary President

Grand Prince Sviatoslav,

a brave knight
by Leonid Bachynsky
r - Illustration by B. Peyny

^^ JW -a^-
Розмова дерев
Хвалився дуб:
— Я найкращий у всьому лісі. Гілля
в мене міцне та широке. Листя густе,
що й дощу не пропустить. А стовбур
який здоровенний! Двоє людей його
руками не обхоплять. Мене люди ша­
нують найбільше.
— Неправда, дубе, — каже сосна.
— Я найкраща в лісі. Твоє листя восе­
ни осипається. А я завжди зелена. Ме­ Kiev's Grand Prince Sviatoslav was affairs remained with Sviatoslav
не люди шанують найбільше. the son of Grand Prince Ihor and throughout his life. Whe he became the
— Ні-ні-ні! — шелестить береза. — Grand Princess Olha. Since his child­ grand prince, he made sure that his
Подивіться, яка я струнка та біленька. hood, he enjoyed listening to stories army had the best officers. He raised a
about the campaigns of the Ukrainian large army and carefully trained each
Хто побачить, той скаже: — Гляньте, armies and later he would imagine soldier.
яка гарна берізка! himself to be with them. Together with Sviatoslav lived very humbly, in no
— Не сваріться, не сваріться, — за­ the children in the royal court he would way did he resemble a grand prince. He
шумів їм вітер. — Усі вас шанують. conduct "military campaigns'' against did not wear expensive clothes, he
imaginary enemies - the Khazars or wasn't fickle — he led a strict and dis­
Усі ви гарні: дуб, і сосна, і береза. the Pechenihs. This love of military ciplined life of a soldier. During cam­
paigns he would sleep on the ground
and he would eat meat cooked over hot
носить, кожного сам припрошує; а тому цареві coals. His courage, bravery and
ГОРДИЙ ЦАР нещасному удвоє проти інших накладає та на­ strength were known to all neighbors
Українська народна казка ливає. and enemies of Ukraine — the Peche­
Усіх нагодували й напоїли, а далі цар-янгол nihs, the Bulgars and the Greeks -
Ілюстрації М. Левицького почав розпитувати людей, чи нема кому якої крив­ and for that he was both respected and
(4) ди та образи. А я к стали вже люди розходитися, feared.
вийшов на браму з мішком грошей і всім дав по
А янгол, зробившись царем, поїхав з мисли­ The ancient Greek chronicler, Lev
гривні, а тому цареві нещасному — а ж три.
вими додому. Приїхав. Ніхто нічого й не догаду­ Diakon, described the Ukrainian grand
За гри роки знову впорядив цар-янгол обід і
ється, щ о то не цар, а янгол. знову скликав усіх людей. От нагодував, напоїв, prince thusly:
Коли ввечері приходить до нього пан-отець та розпитався, подарував усім по гривні, а тому ца­ "Sviatoslav sailed to our shores in a
й каже: реві нещасному знову дав а ж три гривні. normal, large boat. He oared together
— Воля твоя, царю, голову мою стяти: не За три роки ще раз впорядив цар-янгол обід with his men. He was of average height,
пристану я на те, щоб викинути й слово з Святого д л я всіх: і багатих і вбогих, і панів і мужиків. had thick eyebrows, blue eyes, a strong
Письма! Посходились люди, понаїдались, понапивались, nose and was clean shaven. His head
А цар йому: подякували, стали розходитись. Той цар нещасний was also shaven except for a hairlock
— Н у й слава Богу! Тепер я знаю, що в моїм і собі хотів іти, так цар-янгол його зупинив. По­ which meant he was of royal stock. His
царстві є такий священик, що міцно стоїть за сло­ вів до себе в палати та й к а ж е :
во Боже. Роблю тебе найстаршим архиєреєм. chest was wide and his body was
— Це тобі Бог присудив, щоб ти дев'ять літ strong. He had an earing with two
Пан-отець подякував, уклонився до землі та покутував свою гордість, а мене послав, щоб я pearls and one agate in an ear. His
й пішов собі, дивуючись: що це таке, що з гордого навчив тебе, як повинен цар людей жалувати. Ну, clothes were white and in no way did
ц а р я та зробився такий тихий та справедливий? тепер ти, бідуючи та тиняючись по світі, набрався
От і всі, всі дивуються, що таке з царем стало­ they differ from the others' clothes, ex­
трохи розуму, — то гляди, щоб добре народом
с я : такий зробився тихий та поважний, на полю-. правив! Бо з цього часу ти будеш знову царем, а cept in cleanliness. His appearance was
вання не їздить, а все ходить, розпитується: де я полечу до Бога на небо. stern and frightening."
я к а неправда, чи я к а кому кривда, чи щ о ; на все Та де кажучи, звелів йому вмитися й поголи­ The soldiers were very loyal to Svia­
сам увагу звертає. Скрізь суд справедливий су­ тися, — бо борода у нього виросла, наче в пасіч­ toslav and followed him on many cam­
дить, суддів справедливих призначає. Я к перше ника, — дав йому царську одежу, а далі й к а ж е : paigns which brought glory to
народ сумував, так тепер радіє. І податки невеликі — Іди тепер — там у покоях сидить царська Ukraine.
і суд справедливий. чесна рада. Іди, там тебе ніхто не пізнає, що ти Grand Prince Sviatoslav waged
А цар той — так бідує, так бідує! той самий, що старцем тинявся. Нехай тобі Бог many wars against the Asiatic hordes
Коли за три роки приходить царський наказ, поможе у всім добрім!
щоб на такий то й такий день усі сходилися до which invaded Ukraine. In the course
Та я к сказав це, то й не стало його, тільки of five years his armies dealt them such
царя обідати: і багаті і вбогі, і пани й мужики.
одежа лишилася. a severe blow that the mere mention of
І посходились усі, прийшов і той цар нещасливий.
А на царськім дворі такого, такого столів понак­ От цар насамперед помолився щиро Богу, а his name brought terror to the hearts
ривано, що Господи! тоді й пішов на раду. Від тої пори правив він на­ of his enemies. During that time
От сідають усі за столи, п'ють, їдять, а сам цар- родом так, як його янгол навчив. Ukraine experienced peace.
янгол з міністрами усякі напитки та наїдки роз­ (Кінець! (Continued on page 15)
No. 73 T H E U K R A I N I A N WEEKLY S U N D A Y , A P R I L 1, 1979 15

Our tenant
We were all very happy when a fir and scampered a r o u n d our yard.
squirrel decided to make her home in During a u t u m n there was a big
the hollow of the old mulberry tree in storm — a bolt of lightning split the
our backyard. mulberry tree down the middle and the
In the yard next to ours there was a strong wind blew it to the ground. The
hickory tree with plenty of hickory
nuts for the squirrel to eat and a large
squirrel's home was destroyed and we
didn't know where she was. WORD JUMBLE
fir tree with many cones. The squirrel Then, in a week or so, we saw the Ukrainian lakes
would go next door to get the food she squirrel on our roof. She looked at us,
stored for the winter - some of it in scampered up the roof and j u m p e d The jumbled words below represent the names of Ukrainian lakes. They are spelled
as they appear in Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopaedia. Letters underlined with a double
the hollow of the mulberry tree and into the chimney. Every day we
line form the mystery word.
some of it in the ground. watched her climb the roof with bits of
We loved to watch the little acrobat grass and leaves and even pieces of
as she jumped from the hickory to the (Continued on page 16) ZLUBIHI r s

Grand Prince... KYSSA -

(Continued from page 14) against the Greek armies. Being a

The Greek King Nykyfor Foka de­ knight, Sviatoslav never a t t a c k e d ZVIATYS ^ -
clared war against the Bulgars and re­ anyone without warning. This time, too,
quested assistance from Sviatoslav. he sent an envoy to the Greek king and
The Ukrainian grand prince consented warned him that the Ukrainian army
and sent an envoy to Pereiaslavets, the was approaching. Sviatoslav's army
capital of Bulgaria, to prepare for war defeated the Greeks and captured their URT - - - ,
because the Ukrainian army will be cities.
approaching. In 968 the Ukrainian The Greeks learned their lesson and
armies destroyed the Bulgarian army at the new king, J o h n , met Sviatoslav and
Pereiaslavets. Sviatoslav forced them signed a peace treaty with him, though
to pay for the war and then decided to in his heart burned a desire for re­ KROIVEHO ^
make Pereiaslavets the second capital venge.
of Ukraine. Sviatoslav realized that his soldiers
When Sviatoslav was occupied with were weak and tired and he decided to
fighting the Bulgars, the Pechenihs return home to Kiev. As he and his
took advantage of the situation and at­ army were sailing up the Dnipro River, VLADNUZO ^ -
his officer advised him to avoid the ra­
tacked Ukraine. Sviatoslav quickly re­
pids because they heard that the Peche­
turned to Kiev and soon repelled the KNIVYSHEOV
nihs were preparing an ambush there.
Sviatoslav did not heed the advice and
After three years the Greek king con­
ordered the boats to go through the ra­ This Jake may reach a length of 60 miles when water is abundant:
vinced the Bulgars to declare war
pids. Just as the officers had predicted,
against Sviatoslav. In 971 Sviatoslav
a large Pechenih army ambushed the
again captured Pereiaslavets and de­
weakened Ukrainian army.
feated the Bulgars. He then set out
This ambush was prepared by the Answers to last week's word camouflage: Kiev, Kharkiv, Donetske, Odessa,
Greeks who alerted the Pechenihs that Dnipropetrovske, Zaporizhia, Lviv, Kryvyi Rih, Makiivka, Krasnodar, Horlivka,
Sviatoslav was sailing home with many Zhdanov, Luhanske, Mykolaiv, Tahanrih, Dniprodzerzhynske, Symferopol,
r чоічіотіцькл treasures and also with a small and Kadiivka, Kherson, Sevastopol, Chernivtsi, Poltava, Stavropol, Kirovohrad, Vin-
weakened army. Grand Prince Sviato­ nytsia.
(І.! ос р а ц і л Г.. і;о;:;слісі,:;ого) slav was killed in this uneven battle in H A V E AN I N T E R E S T I N G J U M B L E ? S E N D IT IN.
the 28th year of his reign.


Bohuta The Hero

Story: Roman Zawadowycz Illustrations: Petro Cholodny

fyj; '"""^-""""^cagar^r
Besseg^Ssss^gssBfteHssseewsSs ешитш,

"That's not my brother. My brother was bn "Don't fear," S.-Jid Bohuta as Marusia gave A moment later the child was transformed
Це ж у р а в л и к - ж у р н а л і с т , That's a small bov." the child a drink of Baba's potion. into a \oung man.
д о в г а ш и я , к у ц и й хвіст. "My brother," they both said and embraced.
Крипа й ноги сильні має,
то п о з с ю д и він б у в а є . — Це не мій брат! Мій був ве- — Стривай! — к а ж е Богута, і Одна хвилина — з маляти зро­
Все він ч у в , ликий, а це якесь м а л я . . . . / . ; Маруся д а л а дитині напитясь, ба^ бився дорослий печеніг.
і в с е він з н а є . биного старозілля. — Брате мій! - - обнялися.

UCCA Washington news Our tenant

t On February 13, the UCCA presi­ Policy," the UCCA president released (Continued from page 15)
would sit down to rest near the box and
dent participated in another working through the agency of the American would snack on the nuts. She shelled
session of the U.S. Conference of Council for World Freedom a state­ paper in her mouth. She was building a the nuts, held them in her paws and
Bishops dealing with the subject of ment on the administration's present new home for herself on our roof — munched on them.
Marxism and Christianity. The meet­ course with Red China. UCCA is a
ing was held at the International Inn inmember of the ACWF, and the UCCA right above our heads!
Soon the squirrel became accus­
Washington, D.C. Critical analyses of president is also its head. The release There was a fire escape leading from
tomed to eating her breakfast or lunch
the issue were presented individually, on February 16 stated among other the roof to our window. Before Christ­
on the fire escape outside our window.
and the UCCA president advanced his things, "After all, the Chinese vice- mas we decided to put a small box con­
If we forgot to put some nuts out for
on the evils of communism as shown in premier who has bent over backward taining various types of nuts on the fire
the USSR and elsewhere. The session during his recent visit to win American escape outside our window. her she would sit in front of the win­
was a most productive one, and friendship, is the same man who, at dow and wait, as if saying: ''Please,
We watched for two days — no sign
another step was taken toward a strong least in two known instances in 1974 serve me some food." But on cold and
of the squirrel. Then, on the third day,
statement on the issue. and 1977, accused the U.S. of 'aggres­ windy days she would stay inside her
we spotted the squirrel near the box.
sion, invasion and economic e ploita- warm home near the chimney.
m She began carrying the nuts — wal­
The next day, February 14, the tion' of third world countries..." The
UCCA president attended a reception Republic of China on Taiwan was nuts, peanuts and hazelnuts — up to Once spring arrived the squirrel de­
given in the Eisenhower Room of the supported in the statement. 7 he free her home on the roof. As soon as she cided to build herself a new home on
Capitol Hill Club off the grounds of Chinese, more than any other people, carried one load up to her home, she the hickory tree. It was obvious to us
the Capitol. The reception was tend­ have consistently provided an in terna- would return for another and another. that she was to be our permanent
ered by Fred L. Dixon, one of the tional forum for the cause of a free When she became tired, the squirrel neighbor.
founders of the club. On the occasion Ukraine.
the UCCA president met with numer­ 1
ous friends and talked with John Kip- " On February 17, the UCCA presi­
linger of the Washington periodical, dent participated in a day-long session 1 would like to subscribe to The Ukrainian Weekly for. .year(s).
Rep. Edward J. Derwinski and many of the Charles Edison Memorial Youth Subscription rates: S6.00 for non-UNA members; S2.50 for UNA members.
prominent Washington Republicans. Fund at the Mayflower Hotel. The
ф fund supports the Institute on Com­ 1 am a member of UNA Branch
On February 16, the UCCA presi­ parative Political and Economic
dent attended a reception at the Lithu­ Systems conducted by the UCCA presi­ П New subscription D Renewal
anian Legation on the occasion of dent at Georgetown University. Scho­ П Check or money order for S .is enclosed.
Lithuania's national holiday. On larship applicants were discussed, and П BUI me.
behalf of UCCA, he paid his respects only five Americans of Ukrainian
to the Charge d'Affaires Dr. Stays and background have applied. The oppor­ My address is: Name
Mrs. Backis. Participating in the event tunities provided by the institute are, on Address.
were UCCA Washington President record, incomparable anywhere.
Theodore and Theresa Caryk, Na­ City
tional Captive Nations Committee Ex­ ^ On February 21, the UCCA Presi­ State Zip Code.
ecutive Secretary Vera Dowhan, and dent attended a reception at the Shore-
NCNC Financial Secretary, Walter and ham Americana in honor of Tong Jin
Judy Pretka. The UCCA president dis­ Park, the new minister of foreign
cussed with several Baltic representa­ affairs of the Republic of Korea. Mr.
tives plans for the Moscow 1980 Olym­ and Mrs. Theodore Caryk, Vera A.
pics. He also spoke with representa­ Dowhan, and Mr. and Mrs. Walter A GIFT OF LASTING VALUE
tives of the State Department and the Pretka also attended. Friends, includ­ THE USSR vs. DR. MIKHAIL STERN - Soviet "Justice" vs. Human Rights. The only
International Communications ing Reps. Lester Wolff and McDonald, tape recording of a trial smuggled out of the Soviet Union. Edited by August
Agency. were present and talks ensued on a va­ Stern, translated from the Russian by Marco Carynnyk. 267 pages - hard
Calling for a "Balanced China riety of issues. bound S 9.95

REVOLUTIONARY VOICES - Ukrainian Political Prisoners condemn Russian colo­

nialism, by SlavaStetsko S 6.50


Struk, with foreword by G.S.N.Luckyj.- bound J 8.50



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A SYMPOSIUM-published by UCCA.... S 5.00
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JUNE 2 3 to JULY 3th
BOYS and GIRLS age 12-18
Ivan Franko: HIS THOUGHTS AND STRUGGLES-by Nicholas Wacyk ,...... S 7.75
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(FOR YOUNGSTERS age 7 to 11)
INVINCIBLE SPIRIT - Art and Poetry of Ukrainian Women Political Prisoners in the
GIRLS - JUNE 2 3 to JULY 7, 1979
BOYS - JULY 7 to JULY 2 1 , 1 9 7 9 USSR. Poetry and text translated by Bohdan Yasen, Ukrainian text by Bohdan
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FOR A BETTER CANADA - by Senator Paul Yuzyk S 3.00
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JULY 2 2 to AUGUST 1 1 , 1979
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