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ARMCO CHILE PROCEMIN S.

SYMONS CONE CRUSHER


FEED PLATFORMFEED ADJUSTMENT MAIN SHAFT NUT POST HYDRAULlC -FEEDPLATE LOCK POST

MAIN SHAFT SLEEVE ~ ADJUSTMENT CAP /ADJUSTMENT RING

TORCHI MAIN SHAFT SLEEVE --

FEEDHOPPER

'L HOPPER --ADJUSTMENT ADJUSTMENT FEED CONECOVER BOWL' BOWL LlNER U-BOL T' PLATE CAP SEALCAP -

/--/

.ADJUSTMENT RAM

SPRING BOL T MAIN FRAME PIN

/UPPER

SPRING SEGMENT

ANDWASHERS ADJUSTMENT DUST COLLAR BOWL LlNER RING

/
,./

/
/.

/
SOCKET MAIN FRAME / LOWER SPRING LlNER LlNER SEGMENT

MANTLE' MAIN SHAFT. HEAD SOCKET SEALlNG RING

:gCOUNTERSHAFT BO~ s:::::

-OIL GUARD

FLlNGER

.COUNTERSHAFT

GEAR
FLlNGER PINION WASHER THRUST HOUSING

PINION BUSHING
INNER ECCENTRIC ECCENTRIC BUSHING

BUSHING '~~:~--COUNTERSHAFT BOX

OUTERECCENTRIC BUSHINGI MAIN FRAME. STEP BEARING PLATES- ~


MAIN FRAME CAP'

COUNTERSHAFT BOX SEAL

CLEARING
JACK

STANDARD

SHORT HEAD
cc,"""=

(4 FT., 4V4 FT. AND 5V2 FT. ONLV)

~~ ~

2.

HIGHEST

EFFICIENCY

In the Symons principie, each gyrating cycle is timed so that the descending material and the upward thrust of the crushing head meet at the moment of maximum impacto The optimum speed of gyration and the large eccentric throw combine to produce two important results: .The rapidly closing crusher head catches falling material, rearranges it and then delivers an extremely high crushing force. .In the part of the crushing chamber where crushing is not taking place, the rapidly receding head allows material to fall freely to the next point of impacto This combination of superior crushing force and free flow of material provides higher crusher efficiency which means lower power consumption.

Today, energy consumption is a prime consideration in choosing production machinery.


PERFORMANCE COMPARISONS -SAME PRODUCT, SAME SETTING, SAME SIZE CRUSHER.

HEAD DISPLACEMENT

Tests at the Nordberg Research and Development Test Center have compared power requirements per ton of production. Design differences between other types of competitive cone crushers were duplicated and tested under controlled operating conditions. Factors (other than design) which would influence power draw and production were eliminated. The graphs indicate that the combination of stroke, head angle and cycle of gyration on the Symons cone crusher results in the most efficient use of power. Greater efficiency means lower power consumption, reduced product cost per ton, less maintenance and high profits.

3.

GREATER CRUSHING FORCE


The length of the force arm designed into the Symons Gane crusher exceeds all other Gane crushers available today. The longer the force arm, the greater the moment of crushing impacto The Symons long force arm, represented by the main shaft, provides four interrelated benefits:~. Lower eccentric bearing loads. .Lower .Greater bearing temperatures. bearing life. crushing force.

.Increased

Symons Gane crushers are designed to give greater crushing force with minimum operating and maintenance costs.

LARGEST HEAD DISPLACEMENT PROVIDES GREATER CAPACITV


The Symons, with its large eccentric throw and complimentary head angle, volume unmatched by any has a displacement other Gane crusher.

Displacement volume is the difference between the volume displaced by the crushing head when it's fully closed and fully apeno The larger displacement volume supplied by Symons Gane crushers results in greater capcity for the following reasons: .More .More material space is crushed is left open at each as the crushing cycle. head

crushing

recedes, crusher .Greater

allowing more material at each cycle to fill the eccentric throw coupled

to be fed to the larger void. with ideal into

gyrating cycles allows the cavity, before the greater flow rate

material to drop further next blow, resulting in the crushing chamber.

through

The benefits of high efficiency, greater crushing force and high capacity are the principie reasons the Symons Gane crusher has been accepted, throughout productivity. the world, as the best way to increase

4.

.AII parts and assemblies, except the countershaft assembly, are removable from the top, resulting in less downtime. .Bowl assembly is easily turned out of threaded adjustment ring for liner changes or to remove head and main shaft assembly. The bowl can be rotated to new positions for equal wear, improved metal utilization and longer liner life. .The crushing head and main shaft are selfaligned by the conical inner eccentric bushing and spherical socket liner. .Eccentric assembly and drive gear can be completely removed for easy inspection of bearing surfaces and wear checks. .Countershaft and housing is removable as a separate unit from the crusher side. Wear parts can be exchanged and gear backlash adjustments made without working under the machine. Foundation design is simplified and installation costs lower than with machines requiring servicing from below.

(?

.Crushing loads are distributed over a large spherical bearing. The socket liner keeps full contact with the crushing head ball and carries all of the vertical component and part of the horizontal. The long force arm, represented by the main shaft, reduces the load transmitted through the eccentric bushing. .Sleeve bearings make removal and installation of the crushing head and main shaft simple. The tapered main shaft fits into a large opening at the upper end of the tape red eccentric bushing. The shaft does not require precise alignment. It can be inserted from a vertical position and will self-align.

5.

The spring release system acts as an overload protection system that allows tramp iron to pass through the crushing cavity without damage to the crusher. Should a piece of tramp iron become wedged in the crusher cavity, the springs compress, allowing the bowl and adjustment ring to rise, and the tramp iron to pass. f:A. Once the tramp iron has cleared the crusher cavity,~. the springs automatically return the bowl and adjustment ring to the normal operating position. The long force arm designed into the Symons Gane provides greater crushing force. In addition, the

spring release system generates more opposing force than other cone crushers. ..so, the crushing force is even greater. More crushing force means more productivity.

HYDRAULIC CLEARING -Should the crusher become jammed, clearing jacks are used to raise the adjustment ring and bowl, permitting non-crushable material to pass. A portable hydraulic power unit is connected to the hydraulic clearing jack circuito With the power unit activated, a single control lever directs hydraulic pressure to the jacking cylinders. The cylinder rams raise the adjustment ring, bowl and liner assembly away trom the main trame, providing increased clearance in the crushing cavity.

HYDRAULIC SETTING -Setting adjustments are made quickly and simply by hydraulic controls using two levers mounted on the control console. One lever instantly releases the bowl for adjustment or clamps it for crushing. A second lever extends or retracts the hydraulic rams that rotate the bowl within the adjustment ring. Setting adjustments can be made with the crusher in operation.

REMOTE

OPERATOR

CONTROLS

-AII

HYDRAULlC AND SETTING

CLAMPING ADJUSTMENT

operator controls can be mounted on a portable remate control console or can be located in a control room for operating convenience. Visual contact with the crusher is sufficient and there is no need for the operator to approach the machine. 6.

STANDARD CRUSHER -The majar difference between Standard and Short Head Symons cone crushers is the shape of the crushing cavities. Standard Gane crushers are designed to make a product ranging from 1/2" to more than 21/2" in both open and closed circuits. They may be furnished with fine, medium, coarse or extra coarse cavities to meet variations in size of feed and end producto Symons Standard crushers may be applied in large or small operations for single reduction, or as a primary or secondary crusher ahead of Short Head machines. Six sizes are available from 2 to 7 feet in diameter. Open circuit capacities range from 18 to ayer 1,500 net tons per hour.

SHORT HEAD CRUSHER -Symons Short Head crushers have a steeper head angle and a more parallel crushing cavity than Standard units. They are designed to take a ~.'. smaller feed and are intended to make a smaller producto Product range is from less than 3/16" to about 1" in both open and closed circuits. Short Head crushers are offered in six sizes from 2 to 7 feet in diameter and produce up to 720 net tons per hour. M ultiple cavities are available for specific applications.

7.

. .
I

STANDARD
I OPEN CIRCUIT

SYMONS

CONE

CRUSHERS

CAVITIES

FEED
THE I

Size

-CAPACITIES IN TONS (2000 LB) PER HOUR PASSING Recommended Feed opening with mino Type of minimum recommended discharge 1/4" I discharge settinq A 3/8" cavity setting A B B (6mm) (9mm) Closed side Open side
1/4" 318"

THROUGH

1/2"
(13mm)
25 25 25 65 65

5/8"
(16mm)
30 30 30

2 Ft.
(600mm)

Fine Coarse Extra Coarse

(6mm) (9mm) (9mm)


(13mm)

21/4" 31/4"

(57mm) (83mm) (100mm)

27/8" 43/8" 43/8"


J 41/16"

(72mm) (109mm) (109mm)


(102mm)

18

20 20 50

1.12"
3/8"

(13mm) 4"
35/16"
63/8"

3 Ft.
j900mm)-

Fine
Coarse Extra Coarse Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse Fine

1/2"

(83mm)
(159mm)

7"

(175mm)

1"
~

80 80
120 130

1~)
(9mm) (13mm) (19mm) (25mm)
~ (13mm)
(16mm) (19mm) -(~)

61/2" (~)

71/8" ~)51/4" 61/4" (131mm) (156mm)

4 Ft.

3/8"

5"
61/8"
71/8"

1/2"
3/4" 1.." 1/2" 5/8" 3/4"

(1200mm)
4 V4 Ft.

91/4/'
43/S" 71/2"

(127mm) (156mm) (178mm) (231mm)


(188mm) (109mm)

70

100 110

75/8" 10" 53/S" 81/4" 95/S"

(191mm) (250mm) (137mm) (210mm) (241mm)

120

Medium (1275~m)
5Y2 Ft. Coarse Extra Coarse

8s/s" 91/2"

(216mm) (238mm)-

1.
140
200

1"
5/8" 7/8"

103/S" (259mmt
83/8" 95/8" 103/4" (209mm) (241mm) (269mm)

Fine Medium
Coarse Extra Coarse Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse

1"
11/2" 3/4"
1 II

(1650mm) 7Ft. HD

(16m m) (22mm) (25mm) (38mm)

71/2" 81/2" 95/8" 131/4"

(188mm) (213mm) (241mm) (331mm)

141/2" (368mm)

11/4" 11/2"

(2100mm)
7 FT. SHD

111/8" (278mm) (19mm) 101/8" (253mm) 121/8" (303mm) 133/8" (334m m) (25m m) (31mm) 133/8" (334mm)~/4"143/4" (369m m) 181/8" (460mm) (38mm) (425mm) CONSULT FACTORY

Type

of

Size

cavity

Recom mended minimum discharge setting A


1

B Closed si de
31/4"
4"

BQpen L1&_(Qmm) si de I Note 11 Not


27/8" 33/4" 43/8" 41/16" 7" 71/S" 51/4"
61/4/'

13/8" (10mm)13/8"
21 Note 1 I Note 21Note

(10mm)
1

2 Ft.

Coarse Fine

3/8" 1/4" 1~~)_~Coarse (6mm) 21/4" (9mm) (13mm) (9mm)

(57mm) (83mm)
(100mm)

~
3 Ft.
(900~m)

(72mm) (95mm) (109mm)


(102mm) (175mm) (178mm)

10

20

12 12

24 24 65

16 16 40 55

-i?~
.~/ I

28
70

I Fine
Coarse Extra Coarse Fine

3/8"

35/16" 63/6" 61/2"

1/2" 1"
3/8"
1

(13mm) (25mmj
(9mm)

(83mm) (159mm)
(163mm) (127mm) (156mm) (178mm) (231mm)

35

4 Ft.

Medium
_(1200mm)4V4 Ft. Fine

~~~o_~rs~ ' (13mm)


1/2" 3/4"

5"
61/8" 71/8" 91/4" 43/8" 71/2" 85/8"

1"
Medium
Coarse

(19mm)
{25mm)
(13mm) (16mm) (19mm)

75/8'/ 10" 53/8" 81/4" 95/8"

(131 mm) (156mm) (191 mm) (250m m)


(137mm) (210mm) (241 mm)

50

95

95

1/2"

5/8"
3/4"

(109mm) (188mm) (216mm)


_(238mm)(188mm) (213mm) (241 mm) (331mm)

C1275mm)
5V2 Ft.

Extra Qoar~.~ Fine Medium Coarse I Extra Coarse


5/8" 7/8"

-(~)- ~
1"
11/2"
3/4"

103/8" (259mm)83/8" 95/8" 103/4" 141/2" (209mm) (241 mm) (269mm) (368m m)

(1650mm)

(16mm) (22mm) (25mm) (38mm)

71/2" 81/2" 95/8" 131/4"

I t-lne Medium Coarse (21 OOmm) I Extra Coarse

7Ft. HD

.."
~1/2"

"11/4"

(19mm) 101/8" (253m m) 111/8" (278mm) (25mm) 121/8" (303m m) 133/8" (334mm) (31 mm) 133/8" (334m m) 14314" (369m m) (38mm) ) 63/4~ __(425mmt 181/8" (~)-

CONSUL T FACTORV CONSUL T FACTORY

. ~

7 FT. SHD

13.

Note: See pg. 12 for detailed instructions on the use of this chart
--~

SHORT HEAD SYMONS CONE CRUSHERS- CAVITIES. FEED OPENINGS


OPEN CIRCUIT -CAPACITIES IN TONS (2000 LB) PER HOUR PASSING THROUGH THE CRUSHER Feed opening with mino Recommended Type of minimum recommended discharge Size settinq C 1/8" 3/16" 1/4" cavity discharge D setting C D (3mm) (5mm) (6mm) ~n si deClosed si de -

2 Ft.
(610mm)

Fine Coarse Fine Medium Coarse Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse

1/8"
3/16"

(3mm)
(5mm)
(3mm) (3mm)

3/4" 11/2" 1/2" 15/16 "

(19mm) (38mm)

13/8"

(35mm)

10 30 30

2"
15/8"
23/8" 3"
~

(51mm) (41mm) (60mm)


(76mm) (57mm) (73mm) (89mm) (117mm)

18 18 45 45 55

20 24

3 Ft. (91~mm) c

1/8"
1/8"

(13mm)
(33mm) (51mm) (29mm) (44mm) (56mm) (89mm)

4 F6"

1/4"

l6mm) 2"
(5mm) (8mm) (13mm) (16mm)
(3ml m) (6ml m)

3/16"

, 1/8"
13/4"
23/16" 31/2"

21/4"
27/8" 31/2" 45/8" 21/2"

5/16"
1/2"

J1219mm)4 V4 Ft.

5/8" 1/8"

11/S"
21/S"
37/S"

1/4" 5/16"
5/8"
3/16"

(8mlJ.!l!!! 23/4"

_(1295mm)-

[!!) (5mm) (6mm) (10mm)

J~t

(29mm) (54mm) 31/2" (70mm) 41/8"


51/4" 2314" 31/2"

(64mm)
(89mm) (105mm)
_(133mm)-

40

65

~
150 150 300

90

1/4"

3/8"

.1~

(70mm) (89mm)
(133mm)
_(133mm)-

100

51/4" 51/4"
41/8" 51/4"

(1676mm)

(13mm)
3/16" 3/8" 1/2" 5/8"

(2134mm)
7 FT. SHD

(5mm) (10mm) (13mm) (16mm)

7"
8"

(105mm) (133mm) (178mm)

210

(gQ~!!!!!!}

-L-

CONSUL T FACTORV

CLOSED

CIRCUIr Type of

-CAPACITIES

IN TONS

(2000

LB) PER HOUR with mino

BASED
1/8"

ON CLOSED
(3m

CIRCUIr

I
-

Size

cavity

Recommended minimum discharge setting C


1/8" 16" 3i ..
1/8" 1/8" 1/4" ~ 3/18" 5/16" 1/2"

Feed opening

Effective s
I Recommended closed

.on

recommended discharge settina C o DQpen Closed side si de


(19mm)
1

m~

si de

1/8" (3mm)
6

3/16" (5mm)
10 ~ J ---' 20
40 40 60

Note 1 I Note 2 I Note 11 Note?

2 Ft.
(610mm)

Fine Coarse Fine Medium Coarse

(3mm> I 3/4" -(~)~~

13i8"

(35m m)
-(~)-

12
30 30

"'

3 Ft.
(914mm)

(3mm) (3mm) (6mm)

1/2"

15/16" 2"

-(~)-~ (13mm) (33mm)


(51 mm)

15/8" 23/8" 3"

(41mm) (60mm) (76mm)

15
15

jQ 20
20 30

4 Ft.

rlne

Medium Coarse (1219mm) Extra Coarse 4 V4 Ft. Fine Medium Coarse (1295mm) Extra Coarse

5/6"
1/8" 1/4" 5/16" 5/8" 3/16" 1/4" 3/8" 1/2"
~

(5mm) 11/8" (8mm) 13/4" (13mm) 23/16" (16mm) 31/2" -~-

(29mm) 21/4" (44mm) 27/S" (56mm) 31/2"


-(~)45/S" 21/2" 31/2"
41/S" 51/4"

(57mm) (73mm) (89mm)_~~L (64mm) (89mm) (105mm) (133mm) (70mm) (89mm) (133mm) (133mm) 20 40

(3mm) 11/S" (6mm) (8mm) 2314"


(16mm) 37/S" (5mm) 13/8" (6mm) 21/8"
21/S"

(29mm)
(54mm) (70mm) (98mm)

35

70

5Y2 Ft.

rlne Medium Coarse Extra Coarse

(10mm)
(13mm)

37/8" 45/8"

(35mm) 23/4" (54mm) 31/2" (98mm) 51/4" (117mm) 51/4"


(51 mm)

65

130

3/16" 3/8" 1/2" 5/8"

(5mm) 2" (10mm) 33/4" (13mm) 5" J 1!!:!-~)- 6"

(95mm)

~~1/8" 51/4"

(127mm)

7"

j~~m~)- 8"-

(105mm) (133mm) (178mm) (203m m)

120

240

CONSUL T FACTORY

Note: See pg. 12 lor detailed

instructions

on the use of this chart.

.PRODUCT
iAT INDICATED

SIZES .CAPACITIES
DISCHARGE g_TTING C
New Feed

3/8"

1/2"
(13mm)

5/8"
(16mm)

3/4"
(19mm)

1"
(25mm)

(10mm)

~.

.L

75 75 80

100 100 105

110
125 140

Circulating Load

6
Closed Circuit

6
Open Circuit

'YD
115

c~
360 390

150 150 175

180 180 200

220 230

250 260

~:~;1

c
Note 2 Tons per hour passing through crusher (net finished product plus recirculating load)

400 450 500

450 500 530 560

Note 1 Net finished product (screen undersize)

560 600 650

660 720

IOPERATl9~ ..
3/4" (~)-~(gmm)~(13mm)5/8" (16mm)~1 3/4" (19mm)-

30 30

45 45

50 50 55

65 65 70

70 70 75

85
85 90

80 80 85

110 110 115

95 105

135

145

130

150

55

80

75

80

110 120

100 105

110

130 140 150

125
125 140

170 170

200

175

175

250 250

200 200

260 260

160

230

240

360

315

390
420

315

360 360 380

450 500 540

420 420 450 465

500 550 650 680

500 550 550

600 660 690

In the mining industry, 8 out of every 10 Gane crushers are Symons! With industry-wide acceptance such as this, you know there must be a reason. And the reason is performance. Symons canes crush finer, with lower recirculating loads, at higher tonnage rates and with lower maintenance costs than any other Gane crusher. Here's how it is done: FINE CRUSHING .Long parallel zone tor unitorm accurate sizing ot producto .Ideal gyrating cycle delivers quick hammerlike blows on tree-talling particles. .Contact between gyrating head and talling material rearranges particles betore each impacto .Adjustment ot the upper crushing member by rotation gives even liner wear and maintains setting accuracy around entire crushing chamber. HIGH PRODUCTION .High impacts reduce the hardest materials more ettectively. .Crushing members designed to evenly distribute loads tor optimum etticiency. .Large head displacement lets a greater volume ot material tlow at each cycle. .More energy is concentrated on crushing with minimal surtace triction, resulting in low kwh/ton consumption. LOW MAINTENANCE .Every part designed tor extraordinary durability and long service. .Long force arm reduces load on bearings and main trame. .Unitorm product sizing lowers recirculating loads. .Quick-change assemblies tor taster service. .Reliable tramp iron protection prevents overloads. .Simple hydraulic clearing ot jams reduces downtime. .The proper crushing members are selected based on the teed material. 17

The 7' Symons Gone crushers (both Standard and Short Head) are built in Heavy Duty models for normal crushing applications and Super Heavy Duty models for crushing hard materials and when producing fine products. The Super trame with tlange and adjustment the Heavy socket are gear teeth Heavy Duty design has a main an extended heavy cast upper a heat treated carbon steel ring ot greater cross section than Duty designo The head, bowl and ot heat treated steel. Pinion and are case hardened.

Spring loading is approximately 50% greater than the Heavy Outy, and this increased loading plus reinforced construction provides greater efficiency when crushing hard materials and when producing fine products. The Super Heavy Duty produces a finer gradation mili feed at higher production rates and has proven itself in some of the most demanding crushing installations in the world.

18

The advantages of producing afine, uniform mili feed are well known. Mili efficiency is improved when the top size of a nominal mili feed is held to specification. Rod mili feed size in two-stage grinding circuits is usually minus 3/4" (19mm). Ball mili feed size in single stage milling is approximately all passing 1/2" (13mm). Symons Short Head crushers produce a crushed product ranging from minus 3/8" (9mm) to minus 1" (25m m) in closed circuit operations. The high tonnage from the Short Head is achieved when the crusher operates

continuously at or near full loado To maintain this full load operation, feed rate control is necessary. The Nordberg Automatic Feed Control system offers the best in feed control and automation. High recirculating loads increase maintenance and rduce live surge capacity. So it is important to operate the Short Head at a setting which will crush the maximum tonnage to screen undersize, thus holding the recirculating load down. The schematic diagram below shows a typical mining
circuito

19.

Symons canes work best when incoming material is controlled to utilize optimum power draw. The point at which the crusher reaches optimum efficiency can be determined and measured. So horsepower demand becomes a highly accurate measure of optimum efficiency. The Nordberg automatic crusher feed control system compares existing horsepower demand with the predetermined ideal set point and automatically controls the feed rate until horsepower reaches and maintains the optimum level. Here's how it works: HIGH POWER DRAW Horsepower demand is constantly monitored through current and potential transformers. Motor power s converted into a measurable signal and sent to the crusher controller. The controller averages and compares the horsepower signal with the set point. If actual horsepower exceeds the set point, an output signal is transmitted to the feeding device and the feed rate is reduced.

LOW POWER DRAW


A low horsepower signal to the controller results in an output signal that increases feed rateo The amount the controller changes the feed rafe is adjustable, as is the horsepower demand set point. The controller adjustments match a very wide range of materials and conditions.

HIGH FEED LEVEL


Where the crushability of the material results in high feed levels and the horsepower demand is below set point, an output signal is sent to reduce the feed rateo When proper feed level is reached, control is returned to the horsepower demand signal.

SURGE LOADS
Because the power demand signal is averaged at the controller, normal fluctuating horsepower signals (characteristic of crusher operation) will have no effect on feed rateo The goal is peak production and all systems are programmed to reach this goal.

20.

1. Gil tank -entire top of tank removable for quick inspection and cleaning. 2. Immersion heater and thermostat preheats and maintains oil at proper operating temperature and viscosity in cold climates. 3. Pump and motor assembly -rugged, slow speed pump provides ample flow 01 oil for complete lubrication and heat dissipation. 4. Nordco filters -large capacity filters give additional life to the internal parts of the crusher. 5. Filter pressure gauge -pressure drop across filter is continuously registered on gauge for quick visual monitoring of filter elements. 6. Filter by-pass valve -severe pressure drop across filter unit will automatically open the filter by-pass valve to insure continuous flow of lube oil in the event of a clogged filter. 7. Cooler -water cooled heat exchanger cools the lube oi! to proper input temperature. 8. Cooler by-pass valve -cooler by-pass valve automatically opens, by-passing the cooler, if cooled oil becomes excessively heavy. " 9. Temperature control valve -the flow of cooling water through the cooler is automatically regulated to maintain a .constant oil temperature. 10. Flow switch -critical reduction in oil flow will energize a warning alarmo
:.: '! "c ' 11. Main flow pressure gauge -system oil pressure is constantly monitored at the main flow pressure gauge. warning

12. Temperature switch -activates signal for high temperature.

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Fbrica de A~o Paulista S.A.


Avenida Presidente Wilson, CEP 03107 -Casilla 3190 Telfono: 274-6055 Telex 01121675 FACa BR Cablegramas. FACaS" So Paulo -Brasil 1716

Hydrofine
Convierta sus desechos en ganancias
Mecanicamente idntica a la HYDROCONE, esta retrituradora es empleada con muchsimo xito en la produccin de arena artificial (producto cbico con mejores propiedades que la arena natural), pelotizacin de minerales, preparacin de productos que tienen que ser molidos y otras aplicaciones con materiales de alimentacin finos -de 4 mesh a 1". La trituracin se lleva a cabo principalmente por la accin de partcula contra partcula. y no contra el revestimiento interno, como en el caso de la HYDROCONE. As siendo, no se controla la abertura de salida sino la presin del aceite del control HYDROSET. la cual se mantiene automaticamente entre 400 y 500 psi.
1 Una vez la trituradora en movimiento, el cono se acerca y se aparta .alternativamente del revestimiento de la cmara de trituracin. El material que est siendo triturado se mueve por el espacio existente entre el cono y el revestimiento.

...
-,

~.

'..-Al.~\ ~

Con los movimientos del cono, el espacio de la cmara se reduce .en un punto determinado. En ese exacto momento, el cono ejerce sobre las partculas una compresin de trituracin semejante a la que ocurre en las trituradoras de cono

.convencionales.

La mayor parte de la trituracin resulta de la accin entre .las camadas de partculas an en la parte ms estrecha de la cmara. El material es continuamente sustituido por nuevos flujos de partculas no trituradas.

A medida que la cmara se abre. el material no triturado va bajando

:o

';.'.
Todos los datos de este catlogo son sujetos a alteraciones sin previo aviso.

.El movimiento de vaivn ondulante del cono revuelve constantemente el material. de modo que la orientacin de las partculas cambia rapidamente.

...
Para informaciones ms detalladas acerca de la retrituradora HYDROFINE. solicite nuestro catlogo n.O 0778-8
... ...

cb o

La retrituradora HYDROCONE es un equipo de gran productividad y bajo costo operacional, utilizado en las fases secundarias y terciarias de la trituracin de los ms variados tipos de material, desde los ms friables hasta los ms tenaces y abrasivos. El exclusivo control hidrulico HYDROSET -equipo standard en todos los modelos -garantiza en cualquier situacin el mximo aprovechamiento de la potencia instalada y mantiene la granulometra del producto dentro de estrechsimos lmites de tolerancia. Se trata de un sistema de gato hidrulico con control remoto. cuya funcin es la de elevar o abajar el cono sin interrumpir el funcionamiento de la mquina, permitiendo la realizacin de tres operaciones bsicas: a. Regulado de la abertura de salida -Para el regulado de la abertura de salida, se acciona la bomba de engranajes de alta presin (1), que fuerza el aceite para el cilindro (2) o para el depsito (3). levantando o abajando el cono con la mquina en movimiento.

b. Vaciado rpido de la cmara -Despus de una parada provocada por falta o fallo de energa. la mquina se pone de nuevo en funcionamiento y el aceite es bombeado de vuelta al depsito (3). El cono se abaja por la fuerza de la gravedad y la cmara se vaca en cuestin de segundos, sin necesidad de cualquier operacin manual. c. Entrada de pedazos de hierro y de otros materiales no triturables -El exceso de presin en la cmara de trituracin hace con que el aceite fluya para el acumulador (4). presurizado con gas neutro. Una vez removido el material no triturable, el aceite vuelve al cilindro (2), colocando de nuevo el cono en su posicin de trabajo -automaticamente.

.
-

Cono abajado para el vaciado de la cmara

Entrada de materiales no triturables

La retrituradora

HYDROCONE

es utilizada

para o finos.

Para cada caso, existe cmara -especial.

un revestimiento

-o

sea, una

la obtencin de productos gruesos, medios en las varias fases de la trituracin.

Cmara para gruesos Tamao mximo de alimentacin. utilizada normalmente en circuito abierto. En promedio, el 60%* del producto es menor que la abertura del lado cerrado..

Cmara para medios Retrituracin de materiales de granulometra media, utilizada normalmente en circuito cerrado. En promedio, el 68%" de! producto es menor que la abertura del lado cerrado.

Cmara para finos Es apropiada para la alimentacin de finos siendo utilizada en circuito cerrado. En promedio, el 75%' del producto es menor que la abertura del lado cerrado. .Valores en promedio que pueden variar de acuerdo con el material.

El eje principal de la HYDROCONE es apoyado en dos cojinetes: el superior, montado en la cruz del soporte, y el inferior, integrado al conjunto excntrico. Este doble apoyo permite que se apliquen a la HYDROCONE fuerzas de trituracin mucho mayores que a una trituradora de un slo cojinete, lo que por su vez permite la utilizacin de potencias ms elevadas y por consiguiente, una mayor produccin. La mejor distribucin del esfuerzo sobre los cojinetes significa un desgaste de piezas mucho menor an y la reduccin del costo de mantenimiento. Haga usted mismo una experiencia con un lapicero, tal como lo muestran las figuras, para saber lo que el sistema de doble apoyo representa en trminos de capacidad de aguante de esfuerzo.

El proyecto de la HYDROCONE es perfectamente compatible con las elevadas potencias instaladas. Las carcasas de acero fundido con gruesas paredes reforzadas con nervuras, son cuidadosamente mecanizadas y encajan con toda precisin. La carcasa superior y la cruz del soporte constituyen una nica pieza fundida, con una amplia abertura para la alimentacin. La cruz del soporte es protegida

por placas de desgaste macizas. Una brida en la cumbre de la carcasa superior provoca la formacin de una acumulacin de piedras que protege el rea de carga contra la abrasin. La carcasa inferior. que tambin constituye un monobloque fundido proporciona un montaje rgido y preciso del cojinete excntrico. del control hidrulico HYDROSET y del eje del pin.

El diseo de la tolva de alimentacin de la HYDROCONE evita la segregacin y la distribucin irregular de la carga y permite el totaf aprovechamiento de los 3600 de giro del cono. Se recomienda -siempre que sea posible -el empleo de la alimentacin a boca llena, que proporciona:

a. mayor capacidad de produccin (tfh);b. obtencin de un producto ms


fino con abertura de salida menor, con reduccin de la presin sobre los cojinetes;

c. desgaste uniforme del revestimiento interno; d. distribucin granulomtrica uniforme; e. reduccin de la circulacin de la carga, con lo que se obtiene un menor desgaste de la retrituradora y de los equipos auxiliares; f. disminucin de la posibilidad de una alimentacin irregular provocada por la acumulacin de finos en el rea de carga.

La HYOROCONE. con su control hidrulico HYOROSET. fu desarrollada hace ms de 20 aos por Allis-Chalmers. Millares de unidades en funcionamiento en el mundo entero permitieron el perfeccionamiento continuo del proyecto. lo que trajo como resultado unas caractersticas que garantizan la mayor produccin y un costo operacional ms bajo. Caractersticas .Control hidrulico de materiales .Construccin fundido de la altura del cono y de la entrada con un eje principal de potencias ms

no triturables. super reforzada.

apoyado en dos cojinetes y una carcasa de acero


que permite la aplicacin

.Tres sistemas independientes de lubricacin para el buje del cabezal, el eje del pin y el sistema excntrico.

elevadas.

t,

~
10. Regulado instantneo de la altura del cono para la compensacin del desgaste del revestimiento, la variacin de la abertura de salida o el vaciado 11. Engranajes cnicos de dientes en espiral, de operacin silenciosa Y larga vida til. 12. Gran espacio de salida, permitiendo el libre flujo del producto, sin ocasionar el desgaste de 13. Placas de desgaste de acero al manganeso para la proteccin de los brazos de la parte inferior de 14. Sellado eficiente de los cojinetes por medio un sistema de sellos con anillos tricos autolubricantes. 15. Diseo exclusivo que garantiza

1. Lubricacin

del buje del cabezal con aceite

de

gran viscosidad. 2. Rodamientos del pin sumergidos en aceite dentro de un armazn sellado. 3. Sistema de lubricacin forzada con dos entradas independientes: una para el excntrico y otra para el conjunto del cojinete de apoyo del eje principal. El aceite vuelve hacia el depsito por un tubo nico, siendo filtrado y enfriado antes de entrar nuevamente en circulacin. 4. Eje principal protegido contra el desgaste por un buje sustituible. 5. Placas de desgaste de acero al manganeso para la proteccin de la cruz del soporte. 6. Revestimiento de la cmara de trituracin, sustituible de acuerdo con la aplicacin requerida. 7. Carcasa super reforzada constituida por dos piezas nicas de acero fundido. 8. Larga vida de los rodamientos del eje del pin. 9. Transmisin por correas en "V" o por acoplamiento directo. Motor elctrico o diesel, a eleccin.

de la cmara.

la carcasa. la carcasa.

de

una mayor vida

til de los revestimientos. 16. Gran rea de entrada para una alimentacin libre y sin estorbos.

17
16
Tres sistemas independientes proporcionan una lubricacin eficiente y continua, operando lo mismo con la mquina parada. La ilustracin en corte de la pgina anterior muestra la sencillez del sistema 3: la bomba lleva el aceite del depsito para el filtro y para el enfriador y desde all, por medio de dos circuitos independientes, para la retrituradora. El primer circuito, que lleva al cilindro del control HYDROSET, lubrica el pistn, el conjunto del cojinete de apoyo y las superficies del buje del excntrico. El aceite sale a travs de los agujeros situados en la parte superior del buje del excntrico y baja por entre el excntrico y el buje de la carcasa inferior. El segundo circuito lleva directamente al buje del excntrico. Los dos circuitos de aceite se combinan para lubricar el buje y los engranajes. El aceite se acumula en una cavidad y vuelve al depsito por la fuerza de la gravedad.

18

2
2 14

lA ,y

11
1. 2. 3. 4. 7. 8. 9. 10. Enfriador de agua Indicador de flujo Filtro Base Vlvula by-pass Registro Bombade aceite Manmetro
11. Caja de reduccin 12. Motor de la bomba de aceite 13. Bomba de engranajes de alta presin del control HYDROSET 14. Depsito de aceite 15. Regreso de aceite 16. Termmetro 17. Interruptor de temperatura excesiva 18. Tapa de la abertura de inspeccin

10
9 8 7

5. Vlvula de retencin 6. Indicador de flujo

Este conjunto acciona el eje principal (4). El excntrico (1) gira solidario con una camisa de bronce (2), cuya pared interna desliza sobre la superficie del eje, el cual pasa a tener un movimiento excntrico sin rotacin. La superficie externa del excntrico desliza sobre el buje (3) que est fijado a la carcasa inferior. Unas ranuras en el excntrico y en el manguito preceden en su movimiento de giro las reas de gran presin y arrastran el aceite para esas reas, proporcionando as una lubricacin total y completa. El eje del pin transmite la rotacin al excntrico a travs de un engranaje cnico de dientes en espiral, ajustado con clavijas a la base del excntrico, precisamente all donde las fuerzas de trituracin son mnimas.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Excntrico Camisa del excntrico Buje de la carcasa inferior Eje principal Clavija

El pin de engranaje cnico y dientes en espiral que transmite el par de torsin al excntrico. est montado sobre un eje corto de gran dimetro. La precisin del mecanizado del engranaje permite una operacin silenciosa y minimiza los problemas de desalineacin. Los rodamientos del eje trabajan sumergidos en aceite en un sistema de lubricacin independiente. para mayor seguridad. Unos sellos especiales evitan la entrada del polvo. El conjunto del eje del pin est atornillado sobre husos cuidadosamente mecanizados en la carcasa inferior y puede ser totalmente removido sin que para ello sea necesario el desmontaje de la trituradora. 5

Uno de los detalles del proyecto que contribuyen decisivamente para el altsimo desempeo de las retrituradoras HYDROCONE lo constituye su sistema de cojinetes desarrollados en nuestros modernos laboratorios de pruebas y exhaustivamente puestos a prueba en trabajo. La elevada productividad de un equipo depende en gran medida de la durabilidad de sus cojinetes. El sistema de cojinetes dobles (en la cruz del soporte y en el excntrico) del eje principal permite la mejor distribucin de los esfuerzos y por consiguiente un desgaste mucho menor. La lubricacin de gran eficiencia descripta en la pgina anterior tambin contribuye esencialmente para asegurar la mayor durabilidad de las piezas.

Conjunto del cojinete de apoyo


Un conjunto de cojinete de apoyo, platillo de desgaste de bronce y platillo de apoyo tambin de bronce soportan el eje principal, el cono y el revestimiento del cono, absorbiendo el componente vertical de las fuerzas de trituracin. Las ranuras de los platillos de bronce garantizan una lubricacin de las ms eficientes.

,. Platillo de apoyo (bronce) 2. Cojinete de apoyo (acero) 3. Platillo de desgaste de! pistn (bronce)

Buje del cabezal


.Una buena parte de las fuerzas de trituracin son transmitidas a la cruz del soporte a travs del buje del cabezal. .El sistema de sellado con dos sellos evita la entrada del polvo y permite adems la lubricacin en bao de aceite de gran viscosidad.

.Bujes y sellos de montaje y sustituc,in fcil. .El buje del eje principal evita la deterioracin del eje en caso de quiebra del cabezal. .La disposicin de los sellos permite los movimientos horizontales. verticales y giratorios del eje principal.

.-'.'
Conwnto del eje principal
.Ele eje corto de grande dimetro tiene una gran rigidez y una resistencia elevada. .Buje de proteccin en la parte superior del eje. .El revestimiento del cono es fijado por tuercas

autobloqueantes.
.La conicidad de la parte central del eje garantiza la firmeza del montaje de los elementos. .El sellado de gran eficiencia es

autoajustable yautolubricante.
con anillos sustitucin. tricos de fcil

Cmara para gruesos


"m.,' "m." 'm", ,;, ",.. "0.5'1'"5"" ",. '" 5'0. Tamao de la piedra '"' "o, ""1"," ," 'V" '" ."

Instrucciones

de uso

~ " " o Q.

" " i;'


~ C"

.. ., ..
O-

Cmara para finos


2Om"h "m"h Bm,.h '/" ,". '/'" '/"" '/'" '/'" '" 3/'" Tamao de la piedra ,., ',,",',,',"," '" ",,' ,. '"

" ~ o" ';c "

.. ., ..
a.

Las curvas de distribucin granulomtrica permiten determinar con aproximacin los porcentjes del producto retriturado en cada faja de tamao, en funcin de la abertur de salida del lado cerrado. , Las curvas de los cuadros al lado fueron especialmente trazadas para las retrituradoras HYDROCONE, operando en condiciones medias de trabajo y en circuito abierto. Ejemplo: La tabla de la pgina 7 indica que el modelo 76O, trabajando con una abertura de 1 ", produce 175 m3/h. La curva correspondiente a la abertura de 1" en el cuadro del medio (cmara para medios) indica lo siguiente: a.98,8% del producto triturado es menor a 1 3/4", esto es, pasa por la malla de una zaranda con esa abertura. El resto, o sea, 1,2%, queda retenido en la misma malla por ser mayor a 1 3/4 ". b.92% del producto triturado es menor a 1 1/2", esto es, el 8% es mayor a 1 1/2 ". c.8 -1,2 = 6,8% es el porcentaje del producto que pasa por la malla de 1 3/4" Y queda retenido en la malla de 1 1/2", o sea, es el porcentaje del producto cuyo tamano se halla entre 1 3/4" Y 1 1/2". d. De la misma manera, podemos decir que 31 % del producto tiene un tamao entre 1" (69% que pasa) y 1/2" (38% que pasa). Basndose en estas instrucciones, se puede determinar la distribucin granulomtrica del producto triturado, por ejemplo, para las mallas de 11/2"; 1"; 3/4"; 1/2" Y 1/4". Siendo que la curva de 1" intercepta los 5 tamaos elegidos, respectivamente, en los porcentajes del producto que pasa de 92; 69; 54; 38 Y 21, tenemos:

Q.

,.t-.

t
I

:3-=
B
t
r t ~ -1\

.
-

..I

/-' --.L\ '.


",-+-,- ..-'
i I :

I
p

~:=::

I I

I /

I
-

-()

-Lf"'
I

I
al

I
:

F
381

I[
I 12'

KI

I 7I

I
7I
I

ID
416 11

n.1

51

1296 I

;;;r;
3I

6I 2I
2I
1

60 84

I
!O83 113

127

2I

203

'JU"LV V""

-. -

~'"

I I
I

'JU"'U U~

V'V,Q,

I I

osfl ~ +
d. 1 ~ 1 lelO olp 27 1461 1 I jUIIlU' -L ~

18

Nota: Las capacidades de produccin indicadas en las tablas arriba son valores en promedio, que pueden variar de acuerdo con el tipo de material, el grado de humedad. la adherencia y la granulometra de la carga. 7

Cmara para gruesos 'o_., ,"".., 'm..' '1'" '/"" ,,0" S/". "'" "'. .,. '/0. " ".-""."".,' ",","
Tamao de la piedra

O"

Instrucciones

de uso

'" ., '"
c. Q) ~
oQ)

"

Q)

Do

o
Cmara para finos
Tamao de la piedra

-..""""""'/'-3/00'/0-0/003/1'/3""-3/0'",.-""-",.-,-,,,,-3-0-

.. c. ., ., iO' ' ., u
:1 C"

.. .,

Las curvas de distribucin granulomtrica permiten determinar con aproximacin los porcentajes del producto retriturado en cada faja de tamao, en funcin de la abertur de salida del lado cerraoo. . Las curvas de los cuadros al lado fueron especialmente trazadas para las retrituradoras HYDROCONE, operando en condiciones medias de trabajo y en circuito abierto. Ejemplo: La tabla de la pgina 7 indica que el modelo 7 60, trabajando con una abertura de 1", produce 175m3/h. La curva correspondiente a la abertura de 1" en el cuadro del medio (cmara para medios) indica lo siguiente: a.98,8% del producto triturado es menor a 1 3/4", esto es, pasa por la malla de una zaranda con esa abertura. El resto, o sea, 1,2%, queda retenido en la misma malla por ser mayor a 1 3/4". b.92% del producto triturado es menor a 1 1/2", esto es, el 8% es mayor a 1 1/2". c.8 -1,2 = 6,8% es el porcentaje del producto que pasa por la malla de 1 3/4" Y queda retenido en la malla de 1 1/2", o sea, es el porcentaje del producto cuyo tamano se halla entre 1 3/4" Y 1 1/2". d. De la misma manera, podemos decir que 31 % del producto tiene un tamao entre 1" (69% que pasa) y 1/2" (38% que pasa). Basndose en estas instrucciones, se puede determinar la distribucin granulomtrica del producto triturado, por ejemplo, para las mallas de 11/2"; 1"; 3/4"; 1/2" Y 1/4". Siendo que la curva de 1" intercepta los 5 tamaos elegidos, respectivamente, en los porcentajes del producto que pasa de 92; 69; 54; 38 Y 21, tenemos:

no

Circuito

abierto

Mo~el? de maquma

,Gmara de
trituracin

Abertura

Potencia

Produccin en circuito abierto Abertura de salida en el lado cerrado

de entrada
(pulg.)

(H.P.)
[pulg.)
3/8'

5/8 79
82 :08

3(4
88

.'8"

1 1;4 i

1 '/2 '

2.1/2"

551
751

finos gruesos gruesos finos medios 200-300 gruesos 88


7'

91
128

96
139

103

116 162
179

125-200

119 122

150
165

105'

136

150
116
175

199

460

94

99 156

105
165

111 170

7 60 1260

187

199
255 282 298 341

12
15 227 250

199

227

1560
51\4

gruesos
finos medios

325

384

261
295

292
304 326

304
312

318

267
10 13" 300-500

323
383

363

392 482
511 539 624 681 738

tO 84 384 .1f84

medios medios gruesos

355
369

426
454

397

1r

Nota: Las capacidades de produccin indicadas en las tablas arriba son valores en promedio, que pueden variar de acuerdo con el tipo de material, el grado de humedad. la adherencia y la granulometra de la carga.

~\"'~~
5' 784

Reliable, simple, rapid, convenient and automatic thanks to the Hydroset system
The Hydroset systemis a combined safetyand setting adjustment systemincorporating a heavy-duty hydraulic cylinder which supports and adjuststhe position of the mainshaft. Changesin the dischargesetting canbe carried out in seconds.The Hydroset systemhas beenused with great success for many decades.

Crushers with a performancepotentiallike that of the H -8000are almost always incorporated into automated processcontrol systems.The H-8000 is therefore delivered from the factory with an automatic setting regulation system,ASR, asstandardequipment. This large crusheris therefore fitted with a pressurelimiting valve instead of accumulators.After a temporary overload the mainshaft assembly,with the mantle,is returned to its original position with the help of the ASR system.

Setting reduction: oil ispumpedfrom the tank to the Hydroset cylinde1;thus raising the mantle to the desired position.

Setting increase: oil ispumpedfrom the Hydroset cylinder back to the tank, thus lowering the mantle to the desiredposition.

Automatic overload protection


The automatic overload protection provided by the Hydroset systemallows the mande to drop to permit the passage o tramp iron or other uncrushable material and then automatically returns the mande to its original posi-

tion.

Gil isforced outfrom the Hydroset cylinder to the accumulator so that the mantle drops to allow the uncrushable object to passthrough the crusher.The accumulatorforces the Gil back to the Hydroset cylinder as soonas the object has left the crushing chamber.

Improved crushing results with ASR, Automatic Setting Regulation


Hydrocone and Superiorcrusherscan be equipped with ASR, an Automatic Setting Regulation systemwhich monitors the load on the crusher.This gives considerably improved results and optimum crusherutilization. Ask for a separatedescription of ASR, the Automatic Setting Regulationsystem!

If the crusher stops under load due to a power failure, the mantle canbe dropped to make restarting easier.
1

Designed for maximum capacity...


Thousand-seriesHydroconecrushers are characterizedby robust designand high performance.The crushersare dimensioned for the loads causedby the crushing of extremely hard material. High motor powers canbe used.

Excellent versatility, one topshell for all crushing chambers


Thousand seriesHydrocone crushershave a wide field of use. Several standardcrushing chambersare available.The crushers can easilybe matchedto changesin production by the proper selectionof crushing chamberand eccentric throw. H-2000, H-3000, H-4000, H-6000 and H-8000 Hydroconecrushersare an excellentchoice assecondarycrushers in combination with a jaw or primary gyratory crusher or in the third or fourth crushing stage.Thanks to their builtin versatility, thousand-seriesHydrocone will enableyou to cope with most production requirements in a changing

future.

In combination with the CLP crushing chambers(CLP = Constant Liner Performance),the high motor powers give theseHydrocone crusherscapacitieswhich in most cases are comparable with those of other, larger crushers.

Our crushershavelarge feed openings and canbe fed with coarsematerial.

If exceptionallycoarsematerial is to be crushed,H-2000, H-3000, H-4000 and H-6000 Hydrocone crushers canbe transformed into Superior secondarygyratory crushers, with much larger feed openings for increasedfeed acceptancecapabilities.

Both the capacityand the feed acceptance capability remain almost undiminished throughout the whole life of the liners thanks to their CLP designo Together with the long mainshaft travel, thesefactors contribute to the favorable wear costs.

...and for the production crushed materials

of high-quality

Thousand seriesHydrocone crushersmeetexactingproduct quality demands.Aggregatespecificationshave been tightened up and this trend towards higher standardswill continue. Hydrocone crushersand the CSC technique (Cubical ShapeCrushing) developedby us provide the solution. Thousand seriesHydrocone crushersproduce material of excellentshape. Compared to impact breakers,the amount of fines produced can be matched to the demando In addition, energy consumption is low and Hydrocone crushers can be used for a wider range of duties than other crusher types.

f"c

High output

and increased

liner life

to CLP crushing chambers CLP crushing chamber

Conventional crushing chamber

When the mainshalt is raised to maintain the discharge setting,wear alters the shape01 the crushingchamber: Theleed opening decreases, the liner surlacesbecome moreparallel and capacitydrops. CLP standsfor Constant Liner Performance. The advantages are: .constant feed acceptancecapability .increased output .high-quality products .increased liner life .optimal Oyeran running costs This is achievedby the shapeof the CLP crushing chamber and by the fact that the feed opening remains virtually unaltered throughout the life of the liner seto The output of crushed material is greaterthan that obtained by crushing with conventionalliners for the sametime. The increase in output canbe up to 30% but dependson the nature of the feed material. Feed opening and capacityare normally reduced by some300;0or more in crusherswith fully worn conventional, non-CLP liners.

The almost vertical profile in the leed openingarea meansthat the shapeof the chamberismaintained virtually unchangedthroughout the wearing lile. This gives constant, high production.

Compared with conventionalliners, CLP linersproduce a greater amount of material, both in a given penad and over the whole liner lifetime.

Data
Performance figures are approximate and give an indication of what the crusher can produce. They apply for open circuit crushing of dry material with a bulk density of 1600kg/m3. It is assumedthat material finer than the crusher's closedside setting (CSS)is removed from the feed. Consult us regarding the application o/ the crushersince the degree of reduction, the material's crushability (W), the size analysis of the feed, the design of any recrushing circuit and the moisture content in the feed all affect the performance of the crusher.

Crushing chambers
Numerous standard crushing chambersare availablefor thousand-series Hydrocone crushers.

H-2000Hydrocone

H -4000 Hydrocone

H-8000Hydrocone

* CSSo precedingcrusher. **MTPH = metric tons per hour.

lOOr-

.7

B 9 ...'1

" 6 76'

7 B'

'00

Product curves
90

90

80

80

101

-1

70

61

~
f,L

."
50

~UI

JOI

/
21
Iu I

JO

: ::
20

/'
10

The product curve and the percentageof the crusher's product smallec than the discharge setting (CSS)are dependent on the crushability (Wj) of the material and the size distribution of the feed. The product curves shown here apply for thousand-series Hydrocone crushers with crushing chambers from F (fine) to EC

(extra-coarse).
o 67s91

.,

6 7 6 9~

J,:;

678.
(!Q]

.,,7,.
(Qg

Square screen hole size (mm)

~ ~ ! 7;rl

H-8000Hydrocone

* CSS of precedingcrusher. ':.'I-MTPH = metric tons per hour.

.7
lOOr--;

.9
I I I

:
'1

,676i , .."

7 8 9

100

' ,

Productcurves
The product curve and the percentageof the crusher's product smallec than the discharge setting (CSS)are dependent on the crushability (Wj) of the material and the size distribution of the feed. The product curves shown here apply for thousand-series Hydrocone crushers with crushing chambers from F (fine) to EC (extra-coarse).

901

90

80

70'

60

60

"VI

21

//

w
.'6769

30

20

"'1
o 6 7 8 .~

."6

769cb

2
Square

J'
screen hole

56789
[[QJ size (mm)

~ ~
~ -f
''0 1'0 0

Dimensions, m

Features which makethousand-series Hydrocone crusherssomeo the bestcrusherson the market

An easy-to-maintain crushe,;Maintenanceand inspec tion from above. 2 The crusherhasa CLP crushing chamberas standard. One topshellis used[or all crushing chambers. 3 Long lile from liners of special alloy steel.
4 Note: referenceline only, not floor level
Min. for removal o: 1 Hydroset cylinder components 2 Pinionshaft 3 Mainshaft

An automatic overloadprotection systemis standard. TheH-8000 hasa pressurelimiting valve. Other sizes have an accumulatorasshownhere.

5 Inspectionholesareprovided in the bottomshell. 6 The battamshellarms have liners af special allay steel. 7 The interior o/ the crusherisprotected/rom dust by a self-lubricating sealring. 8 Quiet operation and long lile thanks to bevel gearswith hardened,spiral-cut teeth. 9 Product curve and capacitycanbe optimized by adjust ing the eccentncbushingsupplied with the crushe1: 10 Prepared for the installation of ASR, the Automatic Setting Regulation system. 11 Large leed opening. The two topshellarms are protected againstwear by robust liners of special alloy steel.

~imen.si?nsare intended ~n~ya~~guide for preliminary planning ot the installation and should not be used for the construction of foundations, etc.

12 Mainshaft protected by replaceablesleeveand inner headnut. 13 CLP crushingchamber designmaintainsleed opening throughout the entire lile of the liners.

Approximate weights (kg)


Heaviest lift dur... mg mamtenance Total weight

14Rugged design provides the strength and stability necessary lor the crushing01 extra-hard materials. The designalso resultsin low maintenancecosts.
4.700'
14.300* 1 7.300'

1.400

15 Easyadjustment o/ gear backlash. 16Rugged designof the pinionshaft assembly.Thepinionshaft and its bearingsare built asa single unit which can be removed without taking the crusheraparto 17 Oiltank unit .filtration .cooling and heating .circulation pump .monitors for temperatureandJ1owyate .interlocks

5.300

23.500'

.Applies to crusher with fine crushing chamber.With coarse crushing chamber,theseweights are reduced by approximately 380kg for the H-3000, by 600 kg for the H-4000 model, by 600 kg for the H-6000 and by 3800kg for the H-8000 Hydro-

cone.

Shown here is theH-61


10

AII maintenance work quick and simple


A lot of attention has beenpaid to making thousandseriesHydrocone crushersas easyto operateand maintain aspossible. In relation to their high capacities, thousand-seriesHydrocone crushersare compact and are therefore easyto move. Maintenance and inspection are carried out from above,which makesthe work much easierand reducesmaintenance costs. Other featureswhich are important from a maintenanceviewpoint are a new type of plain bearing with a very high load capacity, an improved lubrication systemand improved dust sealing.The lubrication of the spider bearing from outside the crusheris standard.

Lubrication
A
Separate lubrication for the spider bearing. B The oil tank unit automatically maintains oil flow to the various bearings.This systempermits fulllubrication evenbefore the crusheritself is started since the pump is independent of the crusher.The oil is filtered and cooled automatically. The oi1.tankfor the lubrication and Hydroset systemsis a self-contained unit incorporating filters, heatingand cooling equipment, pumps, temperature and flow rate monitors and electricalinterlocks. C The pinionshaft unit has separate lubrication.

We manufacturea complete range of Hydrocone and Superior crushers for a wide variety of crushing applications, including the hardestand most abrasive rocks and ores.

Hydrocone

crusher:

Allis Mineral Systems, Hydrocone,Superior and Hydroset are registeredtrademarks.

6000

In the United States alone, an estimated 32 billion kWh of power are consumed by size reduction equipment. A large percentage of that power is for fine grinding applications.When fine grinding in a tumbling milI, the production of unwantednoiseand heatwastevaluableenergy. The VERTIMILL~ a stirred media milI, is an energy efficient alternativeto a tumbling type milI for fine grinding applications. The VERTIMILL@ can be used for wet or dry grinding. This brochure describes wet grinding in the VERTIMILL~

When compared to a tumbling milI, the VERTIMILL@hasthe following advantages: ...HIGHER ENERGY EFFICIENCY

T LESS OVERGRINDlNG
T LESS NOISE-USUALLY BELOW 8sdB

"" LOWEROPERAllNG COSTS


"" FEWER MOVING PARTS

T LESSDOWNTIME
"f' LOWER INSTALLAnON COST

"" REQUIRES LESS FLOOR SPACE VTM-50-LS VERTIMILL@LIMESLAKER prior to shipmentfrom our York manufacturingfacility. T SIMPLE FOUNDAllON "" GREATER OPERAllNG SAFETY

The VERTIMILL@ grinds feed material, 1/4 inch top size, to produce product sizerangesfrom 200 mesh(74 microns)to 2 microns or filler. The VERTIMILL@ can be used in continuous or batch applicationsin open or closedcircuito Our standardline rangesfrom 20 HP to 1,250HP with capacities of up to 100tph. Originally, the VERTIMILL@ was designed for fine grinding applications. Subsequenttestwork and successful installations have demonstrated the applicationflexibility of this milI. The VERTIMILL@ is the optimum choicefor:

T FINE/UL TRAFINE G RIND IN G

PRIMARY GRINDING

T SECONDARY GRINDING

...REGRINDING CONCENTRATES

'Y LIMESTONE GRINDING For finely ground limestonereagent from 3/4" feed,the ideal system consistsof a crusherfollowed by a VERTIMILL@.

T LIME SLAKING The VERTIMILL@is an excellent lime slaker, producing finely ground, grit-free,homogeneous, slow settlingslakedlime in a simple one-step operation.For additional information on lime slaking applications,askfor Form 57-Lime SlakingSystems.

.CLEAN COAL AND COAL/WATER AND COAL/OIL SLURRY PREPARAllON For micronized coalcleaning and coa!combustioI:t, the VERTIMILL@producesan ultrafine product for improved combustionand reducedemissionof fly ashand S02. For additiona!information on coa!grinding, askfor Form 7101Coa! Grinding Systems.

"Grind" To crush, pulverize, or powder by friction especially by rubbing between two hard surfaces. If your process requiresgrinding, Svedalacan probably serve your needs. We are the world's leading supplier of grinding milis. Our vision is to be recognized worldwide by the industries we serve as a supplier of superior quality products and services with on time delivery and unmatchedvalue. Grindingis an experimentalscience and useful knowledge originates with experience. Svedala's total combined grinding experienceis unrivaled... .More than 100 years of grinding mili manufacture. .Over 8,000 milis installed. .Combined technology expertise of Kennedy Van Saun (KVS), Dominion Engineering, DenverEquipment, Allis Chalmers, Boliden Allis, Hardinge, Marcy, MPSI,Sala, and NEI. Suchbackgroundis rarely available to a single equipment manufacturerand it providesus withfue abilityto optimize product designs and provide unmatched value to our customers. Our standard line of equipmentfor wet and dry grinding systemsinclude: .Autogenous/Semi-Autogenous Milis .Cylindrical and ConicalBall, Rod, and Pebble Milis .Batch Milis .VERTIMILLS" .Vibrating Ball Milis .Gyrotor, DELTA-SIZER, Whizzer, and Double ConeAir Classifiers .LOPULCO Table and Roller Milis .Pendulum Ring and Roller Milis .IMPAX Hammermills .Impact Milis .Svedala Rubber Roller Milis (SRR) .Svedala Agitated Milis (SAM) Our experienced personnel understand the challenges mineral processing can presentoSvedalaprovides fue equipment and product supports services necessary to maximize fue return on your grinding equipment investment. We will work with you from fue initial conception of fue project through the life of the installation.

SVEDALA LlNINGS
Line your milis with quality from the feed head to fue discharge grate. Svedala manufactures and markets Rubber, Steel, Combination, and the unique Orebed Liners. Each type of lining has features that make it appropriate for specific applications. Standard modular components enable our lining systems to be tailored for specific customer requirements.

Grinding media, suchas steelballs or cerarnic or naturalpebbIes, is stirred by an overhungdpubIe heIix screw (or chargeagitator).Feed material and water enter through an opening at the top of the VERnMILL@. An externalrecycIepump providesa predetermined uprising veIocity which causesa cIassification of particIesin the upper partan of the milI body. PrecIassification and removal of product sized feed reduces overgrinding and increases efficiency.The small particIesrise, whiIe the Iarge particIesare drawn into the mediaand ground. Grinding is by attrition/abrasion. Grinding efficiency is enhanced by the reIativeIy high pressure between the media and particIes to be ground. Because there is greaterpressurebetween media and less production of heat and sound, the VERTIMILL@ consumes less energy than a tumbling rnill to perform the same work.

The lower portion of the milI body is packed with media except for a small space directly below the screw flights. When steel balls are used, typical media depth is 6 to 8 feet. Grinding media rises within the screw flights and falls downward in the space between the flight tips and the inside diameters of the milI body. Pulp overflows from the mi11body into a splitter box. The splitter box is equipped with a dart valve and control devices which split the pulp into a process stream and a recycle stream. The recycle stream is controlIed to produce anoptimum uprising velocity in the milI body for the specific grinding application. The process stream is either finished product or feed for an extemal classifying system.

Aluminum Oxide Aragonite Barite BIastFurnaceSIag CaIcinedBauxite CaIcite CaIciumCarbonate CIar CoaI- oil CoaI- water CoaI Tar SIudge Coke-oil Correr MoIybdenum Correr Concentrate Correr Ore

CopperSlag Copper-Lead-Zinc Ore DecanterTar Sludge

Lime (slaking) Lime Powder Limestone Magnesium Oxide MagnetiteConcentrate Manganese Dioxide Manganese Ore

RedPhosphorous Rock Salt Salt SandIron Sericite Silica SilicaSand

Ferrite
Ferro Alloy Ferro Manganese Gold Ore Gold Tailings Graphite Hydrated Alumina Iron Oxide Iron Sand Kaoline LeadConcentrate LeadZinc Ore

Marble
Molybdenite

Slag
Strontium Ferrite

MolybdenumConcentrate Sulphur Oil Sludge Petroleum Coke Phosphate Rock Pottery Stone Pyrite Talc Uranium Zinc Concentrate Zinc LeadOre

The modular design of the VERTIMILL@ allows for many assemblyorientations utilizing standardcomponents. The top can be rotated boltby-bolt to suit your specificlayout requirements. The door on the body of the milI opens with very little effort. A manualjack at the lower door hinge aids in opening and closing the door, keeps the door in a verticalplane when the door is open, and eliminatessagging of the door. A hydraulic jacking systemis availableupon request.This systemconsistsof tour jacks, one at eachcorner of the door, which allow the door to be "popped-open." The milI body interior is protected from wear by an orebed magnetic lining. These magnetic "tiles" attract and hold the grinding media. The mediaitself serves asa wearingsurface. The primary wear parts are special metallic wear plates which are bolted to the screwflights. Normally, theseparts require replacement at six to twelve month intervals.

OrebedMagneticLining in VERTIMILL~

VTM-1250-WB

SvedalaGrinding draws from more than 100 yearsof milI design and manufacturing expertise and more than a decade of successful stirred milI applications. In many instances, the selection of a VERTIMILL@is basedon existinggrindability data or experience. Where reliable data is unavailable, a pilot scaletestutilizing our testplant VERTIMILL@ is recommended. Testresultsprovide scale-updata for commercialsize milI selectionand demonstrate the capabilities of the VERTIMILL@. The VERTIMILL@has proven to be a versatile tool that exhibits advantages in power consumption, media consumption, capital cost, and easeof installation. Svedala continuesto explore potential applicationsfor this revolutionarymilI.

Tell us what materialsyou are processingand your grinding specifications. Our experienced engineers will recommend an energy efficient VERnMILL@ for your specific process application. For additional infO1mation, contadyour nearest Svedalaoffice.

Trituradoras
Somos

Gyradisc
el contorno de la cavidad trituradora y adaptar una trituradora de cono para rendir producto triturado fino, no compensa en lo ms mnimo para la redistribucin de fuerzas altamente concentradas ni hace ajuste alguno al ciclaje que es tan crtico para lograr una estructura uniforme de las partculas. Nosotros diseamos la nuestra de cabo a rabo. Esto significa que tuvimos la flexibilidad de diseo para resolver los problemas tpicos y nicos de trituracin conminuta entre partculas. i Debido a que logramos alcanzar nuestras metas de diseo nuestra trituradora Gyradisc: triturar una mayor variedad de materiales dentro de un mayor rango de tamaos con mejor control de tamao y forma ms eficintemente y ms econmicamente que cualquier otra trituradora!

Los Unicos

Todos recordamos historias de alquimistas antiguos y de sus experimentos infructuosos en cambiar plomo a oro. Sorprendentemente, hay muchos fabricantes hoy tratando de realizar este mismo tipo de magia en equipo de trituracin. Todas las trituradoras de producto fino que se encuentran en el mercado el da de hoy son meras modificaciones de trituradoras de

cono con una sola excepcin.

La

trituradora Nordberg Gyradisc es el nico propsito en mente de obtener un producto triturado fino.

El

concepto

fundamental

de

diseo que se aplica al triturar multiples capas de partculas es tan diferente al concepto para triturar una sola capa que no es posible admitir que una sola mquina pueda cumplir adecuadamente ambos propsitos. El simplemente modificar

Instalaciones

Trituradora Gyradisc de 36" montada sobre plataforma operando en una planta en Australia.

Trituradora Gyradisc de 48" instalada sobre una planta mvil porttil operando en un sitio en California.

Dos trituradoras Gyradisc de 48" y dos tamices GP Nordberg de 6' x 20' instaladas en una planta de arena en la parte oriental de los Estados Unidos.

Esta planta porttil de arena combina una trituradora Gyradisc de 48" con un tamiz GP Nordberg de doble plataforma de 5' x 14' al operar en varios lugares del occidente de los Estados Unidos.

30

Trituradoras Gyradisc de 36" & 48"


Las trituradoras Gyradisc de 36" y 48" son idnticas en su principio de operacin, la mayora de sus componentes, y la naturaleza del material producido. Las mquinas son sumamente eficientes e idealmente apropiadas para operaciones pequeas y medianas. Su diseo compacto las hace perfectas para instalaciones porttiles. Debido a sus semejanzas de diseo, las caractersticas de diseo de ambas unidades se muestran en el diagrama seccional de la trituradora Gyradisc de 48". 1. Distribuidor giratorio motorizado de alimentacin "homogeniza" la aJimentaci6n, mezclando concienzudamente las partculas grandes y pequeas, y las distribuye alrededor de la cmara colectora en un flujo continuo y uniforme. 2. Desenganche de seguridad provisto de resortes proporciona la misma proteccin automtica e instantnea contra partculas sobremedida, sobrecarga, o metal indeseable, que ha sido comprabada es efectiva en las trituradoras de cono Symons. Los resortes mantienen el anillo de ajuste firme contra el marco. De suceder cualquier sobrecarga o paso de metal indeseable que exceda el ajuste del resorte, este se comprime permitiendo as que el tazn y el anillo de ajuste suban automticamente y se limpie la cavidad. Los resortes entonces regresan el tazn y el anillo a sus posiciones normales, restaurando as el ajuste original. No se requiere reajuste o atencin de parte del operador. 3. Abrazaderas soltadas hidrulicamente. Pequenos cilindros hidrulicos son usados para fcil y rpido soltado del anillo sujetador, que asegura el tazbn dentro del anillo de ajuste. El anillo sujetador es mantenido firmamente en posicin por medio de la fuerza mecnica generada por los resortes dentro de cada uno de los cilindros. Fuerza hidrulica contraresta la fuerza mecnica sujetadora de los
5
.3

48"

HD
resortes, soltando as el tazn, que puede ser girado entonces dentro del anillo de ajuste. 4. Ajuste hidrulico. Dos arietes hidrulicos montados en lados opuestos del anillo de ajuste cambian la posicin de ajuste al enganchar un anillo ranurado horizontal en la tapadera de ajuste, girando as el tazn. Cada vez que el ariete se extiende, este

desgaste de los revestimientos. 5. Diseo balanceado minimiza los requerimientos de fundicin, y hace la trituradora Gyradisc de 36" y 48" ideal para plantas porttiles. El tamao y peso de
esas mquinas estn dentro de

avanza el tazn una muesca, y cada una de estas muescas


horizontales produce un cambio especifico en el ajuste. Un seguro de tipo de trinquete automticamente engancha las barras de ajuste vertical en la tapadera

luego de cada retraccin de los


arietes, manteniendo as en forma positiva, el ajuste hasta que se haga otro cambio. Y que cada extensin del ariete resulta en un cambio especfico en el ajuste, el operador puede determinar el cambio exacto que desea lograr. En todo momento tiene control preciso y completo, y puede saber c!;)n precisin la cantidad de

los limites neces"arios para transporte vial de un sitio de trabajo a otro. 6. Sistema de lubricacin a presin proporciona flujo positivo a todas las partes movibles. Se incluye equipo de proteccin bsico. Tambin es disponible opcionalmente un juego completo y compacto de aceite lubricante. 7. Revestimientos de rozamiento. Los revestimientos superior e inferior se ajustan por si mismos con respaldo esmerilado y no requieren soporte. Son extremadamente fciles de reponer. Hay varios tipos de revestimientos
disponibles diseados ex-

clusivamente para requerimientos especificas de trituracin.

,1

Trituradoras Gyradisc de 66" & 84"


Las 84" cuatro Estas diseadas operaciones capacidad tos tajas cional Gyradisc de de diseo adjunto de 66". de resortes porteccin contra sobrecarga,o que es de firme de el metal ajuste y cavidad. el ha conos contra sido en Symons. el el anillo marco. que este as de resortes y se que limenajuste efectiva mantienen cualquier del anillo Los seguridad proporciona automtica partculas metal comlas prola y trituradoras son las modelos dos ms Gyradisc grandes han una de finos. de ambas de la Las de 66" de los sido para alta venproducy manufacturados.

mquinas especficamente que requieren produccin

extremadamente

mquinas

se muestran

en el diagrama
trituradora

sec-

1. Desenganche visto misma instantnea sobremedida, indeseable, probada trituradoras Los de De o se el pie anillo No cin 2. se de resortes ajuste suceder paso de

sobrecarga indeseable resorte,

extensin del ariete resulta en un cambio especfico en el ajuste, el operador puede determinar el cambio exacto que desea lograr. En todo momento tiene control preciso y completo, y puede saber con precisin la cantidad de desgaste de los revestimientos. Hay un fundicin giratoria disponible para rotar el tazn cuando hay desgaste mnimo de los revestimientos y se requieren pocos ajustes. 4. Revestimientos de rozamiento. Los revestimientos superior e inferior se ajustan por si mismos con respaldo esmerilado y no requieren soporte. Son extremadamente fciles de reponer. Hay varios tipos de revestimientos disponibles diseados exclusivamente para requerimientos especficos de trituracin. 5. Sistema de lubricacin a presin proporcional flujo positivo a todas las partes movibles. Se incluye equipo de proteccin

bsico. Tambin es disponible opcionalmente un juego completo y compacto de aceite lubricante. 6. Abrazaderas controladas hidrulicamente. Durante opera. ciones de triturado, postes fi. jadores hidrulicos proporcionan una fuerza hidrulica constante hacia arriba contra el anillo sujetador, asegurando el tazn dentro del anillo de ajuste. Cuando hay que hacer un cambio en el
ajuste se remueve la presin

hidrulica, soltando as el anillo sujetador y el tazn que puede ser girado entonces dentro del anillo de ajuste. 7. Portabilidad. La trituradora
Gyradisc de 66" es ideal como

una planta porttil pues ha sido diseada para reunir las limitaciones de tamao y peso nece-

sarias para transporte vial. El diseo balanceado minimiza los requerimientos estructurales haciendo propicia esta trituradora para unidades mviles.

exceda tazn la

comprime

permitiendo

suban

automticamente

tonces
restaurando

regresan
a sus asi requiere parte del

el

tazn

y el

posiciones el ajuste reajuste operador.

normales, original. o aten-

Distribuidor de alimentacin alimentacin, cienzudamente

giratorio

motorizado la conparticulas

"homogeniza" mezclando las

grandes
distribuye colectora

y
en

pequeas,
de flujo un

y
continuo

las
y

alrededor

la cmara

uniforme.
3. Ajuste hidralicos opuestos cambian enganchar horizontal ajuste, vez que avanza girando el ariete el tazn la hidralico. montados del un en anillo de anillo la as posicin Dos en de arietes lados ajuste ajuste ranurado de Cada este y al

tapadera el tazn. una muesca,

se extiende,

cada
especfico de tipo

una
en de

de

estas
un

muescas
cambio seguro de los forse cada Un

horizontales

produce el ajuste. las en la retraccin trinquete

automticabarras tapadera de as hasta Ya que en que

mente ajuste luego arietes, ma haga

engancha vertical de cada manteniendo el ajuste cambio. otro

positiva

27

Tabla de rendimiento

basada en operacin

de circuito

cerrado

DESIGNACION DE LA TRITURADORA GYRADISC INGLES METRICO

DIAMETRO DEL CABEZAL PULG.


(mm)

CAPACI. DAD 1 TPH TOTAL A TRAVES DE TRITDA.

375"
(9mm)

250" (6mm)

185"
(5mm) MU#4
MALLA 4

131" (3mm) MU#6 MALLA 6

.093"

.065" (1.6mm) MU#12 MALLA 10

.046"

.0328"

(2mm) MU#8 MALLA 8

(1mm) MU#16 MALLA 14

(.833mm) MU//20 MALLA 20

36"

000

36"

60

50

35

30

23

18

15

10

20.25

GD
48"

GD
1200

65-75
(914mm) 48"

105

80

55

45

40

30

25

17

34-40

GD

115-130
(1219mm)
c

GD

66"

1'650

66"

160

120

85

70

60

45

40

25
55-60

190-210
GD GD 2tOO (1676mm)

84"

84"

250 265-300

180

130

100

90

70

60

40

80-70

GD

GD

(2134mm)

NOTA: MU = Malla Uniforme Las capacidades mostradas no son ni mnimas ni mximas, y estn basadas en resultados logrados en prctica. Los nmeros mostrados se aplican a toneladas cortas de material pesando 100 libras por pie cbico, y estn basados en alimentacin de gradacin apropiada, con la trituradora consumiendo un mnimo del 80% del caballaje recomendado. Alimentacin de tamao menor de 3/4" es tpica, pero alimentacin de menos de 1 V2" puede ser aceptada fcilmente. Capacidad ptima es obtenida con ajuste de lado cerrado entre 1/4" Y 1/2". El ajuste no est necesariamente relacionado a la aberLas reas de tamizado recomendadas fueron determinadas usando el anlisis de malla de producto triturado que se encuentra en la pgina 9 de este boletn. SO y 00 significan tamiz plataforma simple o plataforma ble respectivamente.

de do-

25

.Dimensiones .Requerimientos de potencia .Pesos

DESIGN TRITURADO INGLES

IAMETRC DEL CABEZAL

48"GD

1200 GD

48"

8'.3'1. ..

13'-3"

4'.3V."

HD

2100GD

84"

5'-10'/."

28