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ORAL TRADITION, A TOOL TO DEVELOP ENGLISH COMMUNICATION

April 14th, 2012 Lic. Consuelo Pez Salvador conspaez@yahoo.com.mx


Graphic by Gabriel Arias R.

ORAL TRADITION:
Is the spoken relation and preservation, from one generation to the next, of a people's cultural history and ancestry, often told by a storyteller in narrative form. (American Heritage Dictionary)

Which expressions are considered intangible ?

ORAL TRADITION
The lore (traditional knowledge and beliefs) of cultures having no written language. It is transmitted by word of mouth and consists, as does written literature, of both prose and verse narratives, poems and songs, myths, dramas, rituals, proverbs, riddles, and the like. Nearly all known peoples, now or in the past, have produced it.

Legend,

typically, is a short (mono-) episodic, traditional, highly ecotypified - historicized narrative performed in a
CONVERSATIONAL

reflecting on a psychological level a symbolic representation of folk belief and collective experiences and serving as a reaffirmation of commonly held values of the group to whose tradition it belongs."
(WIKIPEDIA: Timothy R. Tangherlini in 1990 )

MODE,

Graphic by Gabriel Arias R.

LEGENDS CHARACTERISTICS
PROTAGONISTS NATIVE VILLAGE LIVE, EXPERIENCE, ACT, AND DREAM
(Kraph Norbert: Beneath the Cherry Sapling)* Graphic by Santos Martnez Koch

CREDIBILITY & VEROSIMILITUDE


NAMES PLACES

DATES

SOMETHING IMPORTANT *

Graphic by Santos Martnez Koch

NATURE OF LEGENDS ACCORDING TO KRAPH


ECONOMY MORALITY VIOLATION OF SACRED / SECULAR LAW *

Crime

& Punishment Stealing & Swindling Blasphemy Excessive Drinking Cursing Ones misfortune

TYPICAL ELEMENTS*
Divine or Humane Retribution

Good vs. Devil


Witching hour

TYPICAL ELEMENTS
Transforming into nonhuman forms
Divine messenger Drudging ghost Black hell hound

Endless haunt

Magical Resources

Prayers

Herbs

From book Mariangula y otros aparecidos

Greco-Latin Legends World-Wide

And what about the Greek and Latin mythical themes that take place, one way or another, in almost all the cultures of the world?

Abdon Ubidia: Ecuadorian Anthologist Cuentos, leyendas, mitos y casos del Ecuador, 2010)

King Arthur

WHO IS WHO???
HERCULES MEDEA EROS APOLLO

ATHENA SATURN
ATLAS

AGAMEMNON QUINTILIANUS DAPHNE


MINERVA

JUPITER
MINOTAUR

PEGASUS

Traditional Oral Epic: The Odyssey, Beowulf

MYTHS RECREATION:

Glucks operas: Iphignie en Aulide & Iphignie en Tauride (1774); Mozart and Dancherts operas; (encyclopedia.com paste pictures/ Daniel heartz Mozarts Operas-pictures)based on the French playwright Racines: Iphignie, German playwright Goethe drama (1850): Iphigenie auf Tauris.

TALES FROM MANY CULTURES

Addison-Wesley proposes world-wide tales with pre & post reading exercises using simple verb tenses.

ECUADORIAN PUBLICATIONS ON UNIVERSAL ORAL TRADITION


Ecuadorian scholars have published on Universal Oral Tradition:

Fabulario del Dragon by Juan Morales

ECUADORS ORAL TRADITION


Ecuador is a country rich in oral tradition. Meaningful tales and characters relevant to our geography and history have been passed on, from generation to generation, through oral tradition. Ecuadorian mythology refers to remote or historic times. Characters are heroic. M. Espinosa

WHOS WHO???
TAITA IMBABURA LLANGANATIS EL DORADO

JUMANDI MARIANGULA FATHER ALMEIDA HUIAGUILLI NUNKUI IWIA CURITAQUI GUATUSA TIN TIN

ETSA ANACONDA

Main Classical Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition:


Anthropologist Paulo de Carvalho-Neto: 5 publications with139 samples of urban and semi-urban tales that reveal European folkloric themes.
(Ubidia A. Cuentos, Leyendas, )

Main Classical Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition:


Alfredo & Piedad Costales, Anthropologists : themes from the highland reported in a literary style Santos Ortiz de Villalba, Anthropologist : Amazonic myths & stories; Quichua & Spanish edition

Main Classical Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition:

Professor Dario Guevara: over 50 publications of folklore and folkloric narrative

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition:


Edgar

Freire Rubio: Quito.Tradiciones, Testimonios y Nostalgia, 5 volumes. El derecho y el revs de la memoria. El barrio de los prodigios

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


ngela Arboleda Cristobal de Gangotena y Jijn

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition

Mario Conde : 4 books (2 bilingual versions)

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


Nancy Crespo (3 bilingual verisons with expansion appendix)

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral tradition


Manuel Espinosa Apolo (4)

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition

Edgar Allan Garcia : 2 Spanish versions; 1 (bilingual)

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


Ulises Estrella: Quilago

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


Abdn Ubidia Laura Hidalgo

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


Vinicio Ortiz (bilingual) Mitos Shuar (bilingual: Shuar-Spanish) 2 volumes

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


Juan Carlos Morales Meja: Duende (trilingual: Spanish, English, French) Fabulario del Dragn (trilingual) Mitologas Imbabura / Antonio Ante

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


Mora de Valdivieso Teresa Romo Pablo (with expansion appendix)

Current Authors of Ecuadors Oral Tradition


Paez Salvador Consuelo: Getting to Know Ecuador & Ecuador Insight, Social Studies textbooks with a complement of oral tradition per unit. Include an Expansion appendix per unit.

ORAL TRADITION: Getting to Know Ecuador

ORAL TRADITION: Ecuador Insight

Getting to Know Ecuador & Ecuador Insight showcase

Getting to Know Ecuador & Ecuador Insight showcase

By Roberto Balarezo

Getting to Know Ecuador & Ecuador Insight showcase

PENSIONADO UNIVERSITARIO s Festival of Ecuadorian Legends filmed in English:

Ecuador Land of Legends Recognized by the Municipality with the Declaration November, Month of the Ecuadorian Legend and Tradition. Nation-wide participants receive statuette Cantua de hierro.

Declaration: November, month of the Ecuadorian legend and tradition

Pensionado Universitarios video

Taken from El Comercio

The Makings of a Video


Understanding the original text of several legends Conceiving a script and writing it Rewriting & editing it in English Selecting a cast of actors & actresses Acting rehearsals Practicing pronunciation, intonation, vocalization Moving to a predetermined set; and, best of all, Enjoying a once-in-lifetime-experience.

(MEANINGFUL LEARNING)

LIVING LEGENDARY INSTANCES

The best known colonial legend Cantua continues to be alive by the professional team of Quito Eterno

LIVING LEGENDARY INSTANCES


Radio programs: Teatro al aire: aired by Radio Quito 760AM from 4:30 to 5:00 PM repeated 7:30 PM, five days a week Quiero hablarles de una ciudad llamada Quito by Dr. Marco Chiriboga Villaquiran aired by Pichincha Universal FM Radio 95.3 from 4 to 5 five days a week Tras la huella aired by Radio Municipal 720 AM

ON LINE RESOURCES
TARINGA! Leyendas ecuatorianas ms famosas (Spanish narratives, drawings and videos)

ON LINE RESOURCES
Unidad Educativa a Distancia MARIO RIZZINI (Spanish narratives by 11th grade students) Leyendas ecuatorianas Ecuadorian legends on many pages

ON LINE RESOURCES

ON LINE RESOURCES
www.asidicenmisabuelos.org Shuar, Kichua, Spanish, English, French

PUCE: School of Linguistics

ON LINE RESOURCES
ORACLE THINK

QUEST Project by (Ecuadorian) students for students English version http://legendsecuador.blogspot.com

Current version by Ambatos, Centro de Educacin Bilinge Integral

CANTUA VIDEO

ENGLISH TEACHERS ROLE

LINGUISTIC ELEMENTS

CULTURAL ELEMENTS

Vocal sounds Vocabulary Syntax

Lifestyle of English speaking countries

Cultural Imperialism awarness

The role of the Ecuadorian English Teacher


Has it escaped you that, in the eyes of gods and good men, your native land deserves from you more honour, worship, and reverence than your mother and father and all your ancestors?
The Abolition of Man: C.S. Lewis

Ecuador, a Cultural Power


If we cannot, and must not, be a power in politics, diplomacy, economy or, much less, in the military; let us be a cultural power because or history empowers us to.
Benjamn Carrin, 1945

Si no podemos, ni debemos, ser una potencia militar, poltica, diplomtica o econmica; podemos ser, en cambio, una potencia cultural nutrida de nuestras ms ricas tradiciones. Carrin citaba el ejemplo de naciones pequeas como Grecia e Israel capaces, no obstante, de figurar entre las ms civilizadas y cultas de toda la historia.
Prof. Consuelo Pez Salvador

THANKS GRACIAS DIOS PAGARACHU MERCI Dzikuje


Professor Consuelo Pez Salvador Telephone numbers: 2509 332 09 2 66 90 61 conspaez@yahoo.com.mx www.consuelopaez.com